Biography of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

CONTENT

851 Battle of Oakley

858 Death of King Aethelwulf


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Around 838 Aethelswith Wessex Queen Consort Mercia 838-888 was born to Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex .

In 839 Egbert King Wessex 773-839 (66) died . His son Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 succeeded as King Wessex .

Around 847 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 was born to Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex .

In 849 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 was born to Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex at Wantage, Berkshire .

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the year of our Lord's incarnation 849 , was born Alfred , king of the Anglo-Saxons , at the royal village of Wanating , in Berkshire, which country has its name from the wood of Berroc, where the box-tree grows most abundantly. His genealogy is traced in the following order. King Alfred was the son of king Ethelwulf , who was the son of Egbert , who was the son of Elmund , was the son of Eafa , who was the son of Eoppa , who the son of Ingild . Ingild, and Ina , the famous king of the West-Saxons , were two brothers. Ina went to Rome , and there ending this life honourably, entered the heavenly kingdom, to reign there for ever with Christ. Ingild Ina were the sons of Coenred , who was the son of Ceolwald , who was the son of Cudam , who was the son of Cuthwin , who was the son of Ceawlin , who was the son of Cynric , who was the son of Creoda, who was the son of Cerdic , who was the son of Elesa, who was the son of Gewis, from whom the Britons name all that nation Gegwis, (2) who was the son of Brond, who was the son of Beldeg, who was the son of Woden, who was the son of Frithowald, who was the son of Frealaf, who was the son of Frithuwulf, who was the son of Finn of Godwulf, who was the son of Gear, which Geat the pagans long worshipped as a god. Sedulius makes mention of him in his metrical Paschal poem, as follows:
When gentile poets with their fictions vain, In tragic language and bombastic strain, To their god Geat, comic deity, Loud praises sing, &c.
Geat was the son of Taetwa, who was the son of Beaw, who was the son of Sceldi, who was the son of Heremod, who was the son of Itermon, who was the son of Hathra, who was the son of Guala, who was the son of Bedwig, who was the son of Shem, who was the son of Noah, who was the son of Lamech, who was the son of Methusalem, who was the son of Enoch, who was the son of Malaleci, who was the son of Cainian, who was the son of Enos, who was the son of Seth, who was the son of Adam.
The mother of Alfred was named Osburga , a religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature; she was daughter of Oslac , the famous Butler of king Ethtelwulf , which Oslac was a Goth by nation, descended from the Goths and Jutes, of the seed, namely, of Stuf and Whitgar, two brothers and counts; who, having received possession of the Isle of Wight from their uncle, King Cerdic , and his son Cynric their cousin, slew the few British inhabitants whom they could find in that island, at a place called Gwihtgaraburgh ; for the other inhabitants of the island had either been slain, or escaped into exile.
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1

Battle of Oakley

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the year of our Lord's incarnation 851 , which was the third after the birth of king Alfred, Ceorl, earl of Devon , fought with the men of Devon against the pagans at a place called Wiegambeorg ; and the Christians gained the victory; and that same year the pagans first wintered in the island called Sheppey , which means the Sheep-isle, and is situated in the river Thames between Essex and Kent, but is nearer to Kent than to Essex; it has in it a fine monastery.
The same year also a great army of the pagans came with three hundred and fifty ships to the mouth of the river Thames, and sacked Dorobernia , which is the city of the Cantuarians, and also the city of London , which lies on the north bank of the river Thames , on the confines of Essex and Middlesex; but yet that city belongs in truth to Essex; and they put to flight Berthwulf, king of Mercia , with all the army, which he had led out to oppose them.
After these things, the aforesaid pagan host went into Surrey, which is a district situated on the south bank of the river Thames, and to the west of Kent. And Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons , and his son Ethelbald , with all their army, fought a long time against them at a place called Ac-lea , i.e. the Oak-plain, and there, after a lengthened battle , which was fought with much bravery on both sides, the greater part of the pagan multitude was destroyed and cut to pieces, so that we never heard of their being so defeated, either before or since, in any country, in one day; and the Christians gained an honourable victory, and were triumphant over their graves.
In the same year king Athelstan , son of king Ethelwulf , and earl Ealhere slew a large army of pagans in Kent, at a place called Sandwich , and took nine ships of their fleet; the others escaped by flight.

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the year of our Lord's incarnation 853 , which was the fifth of king Alfred, Burhred king of the Mercians , sent messengers, and prayed Ethelwulf , king of the West Saxons, to come and help him in reducing the midland Britons, who dwell between Mercia and the western sea, and who struggled against him most immoderately. So without delay, king Ethelwulf king Burhred against Britain, and immediately, on entering that country, he began to ravage it; and having reduced it under subjection to king Burhred, he returned home.

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 .



8. Eodem anno Aethelwulfus rex praefatum filium suum Aelfredum (4) , magno nobilium et etiam ignobilium numero constipatum, honorifice Romam transmisit. Quo tempore dominus Leo Papa apostolicae sedi praeerat, qui praefatum infantem Aelfredum (4) oppido ordinans unxit in regem, et in filium adoptionis sibimet accipiens confirmavit.


8. In the same year , king Ethelwulf sent his son Alfred (4) , above-named, to Rome , with an honourable escort both of nobles and commoners. Pope Leo (the fourth) at that time presided over the apostolic see, and he anointed for king the aforesaid Alfred (4) , and adopted him as his spiritual son.

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the year of our Lord's incarnation 855 , which was the seventh after the birth of the aforesaid king, Edmund the most glorious king of the East-Angles began to reign, on the eighth day before the kalends of January, i.e. on the birthday of our Lord, in the fourteenth year of his age. In this year also died Lothaire (60) , the Roman emperor, son of the pious Lewis Augustus . In the same year the aforesaid venerable king Ethelwulf released the tenth part of all his kingdom from all royal service and tribute, and with a pen never to be forgotten, offered it up to God the One and the Three in One, in the cross of Christ, for the redemption of his own soul and of his predecessors. In the same year he went to Rome with much honour; and taking with him his son, the aforesaid king Alfred (6) , for a second journey thither, because he loved him more than his other sons, he remained there a whole year; after which he returned to his own country, bringing with him Judith (11) , daughter of Charles (31) , the king of the Franks.

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the meantime , however, whilst king Ethelwulf was residing beyond the sea, a base deed was done, repugnant to the morals of all Christians, in the western part of Selwood. For king Ethelwald [son of king Ethelwulf] and Ealstan , bishop of the church of Sherborne, with Eanwulf , earl of the district of Somerton, are said to have made a conspiracy together, that king Ethelwulf , on his return from Rome, should never again be received into his kingdom. This crime, unheard-of in all previous ages, is ascribed by many to the bishop and earl alone, as resulting from their counsels. Many also ascribe it solely to the insolence of the king, because that king was pertinacious in this matter, and in many other perversities, as we have heard related Ly certain persons; as also was proved by the result of that which follows.
For as he was returning from Rome, his son (6) aforesaid, with all his counsellors, or, as I ought to say, his conspirators, attempted to perpetrate the crime of repulsing the king from his own kingdom; but neither did God permit the deed, nor would the nobles of all Saxony consent to it. For to prevent this irremediable evil to Saxony, of a son warring against his father, or rather of the whole nation carrying on civil war, either on the side of the one or the other, the extraordinary mildness of the father, seconded by the consent of all the nobles, divided between the two the kingdom which had hitherto been undivided; the eastern parts were given to the father, and the western to the son; for where the father ought by just right to reign, there his unjust and obstinate son did reign; for the western part of Saxony is always preferable to the eastern.
When Ethelwulf , therefore, was coming from Rome, all that nation, as was fitting, so delighted in the arrival of the old man, that, if he permitted them, they would have expelled his rebellious son Ethelbald , with all his counsellors, out of the kingdom. But he, as we have said, acting with great clemency and prudent counsel, so wished things to be done, that the kingdom might not come into danger; and he placed Judith (11) , daughter of king Charles (31) , whom he had received from his father, by his own side on the regal throne, without any controversy or enmity from his nobles, even to the end of his life, contrary to the perverse custom of that nation. For the nation of the West-Saxons do not allow a queen to sit beside the king, nor to be called a queen, but only the king's wife; which stigma the elders of that land say arose from a certain obstinate and malevolent queen of the same nation, who did all things so contrary to her lord, and to all the people, that she not only earned for herself exclusion from the royal seat, but also entailed the same stigma upon those who came after her; for in consequence of the wickedness of that queen, all the nobles of that land swore together, that they would never let any king reign over them, who should attempt to place a queen on the throne by his side.
And because, as I think, it is not known to many whence this perverse and detestable custom arose in Saxony, contrary to the custom of all the Theotisean nations, it seems to me right to explain a little more fully what I have heard from my lord Alfred, king of the Anglo-Saxons, as he also had heard it from many men of truth, who in great part recorded that fact.

In 856 Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870 (12) were married . Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870 (12) by marriage Queen Consort Wessex .

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the year of our Lord's incarnation 856 , which was the eighth after Alfred's birth, the second year of king Charles III (-23) , and the eighteenth year of the reign of Ethelwulf , king of the West-Saxons, Humbert , bishop of the East-Angles, anointed with oil and consecrated as king the glorious Edmund , with much rejoicing and great honour in the royal town called Burva , in which at that time was the royal seat, in the fifteenth year of his age, on a Friday, the twenty-fourth moon, being Christmas-day.

Death of King Aethelwulf

On 13 Jan 858 Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 died . His son Aethelbald King Wessex -860 succeeded as King Wessex

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . Now king Ethelwulf lived two years after his return from Rome; during which, among many other good deeds of this present life, reflecting on his departure according to the way of all flesh, that his sons might not quarrel unreasonably after their father's death, he ordered a will or letter of instructions to be written, in which he ordered that his kingdom should be divided between his two eldest sons, his private inheritance between his sons, his daughters, and his relations, and the money which he left behind him between his sons and nobles, and for the good of his soul. Of this prudent policy we have thought fit to record a few instances out of many for posterity to imitate; namely, such as are understood to belong principally to the needs of the soul; for the others, which relate only to human dispensation, it is not necessary to insert in this work, lest prolixity should create disgust in those who read or wish to hear my work. For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, either native or foreigner, should be supplied with meat, drink, and clothing, by his successors, until the day of judgment; supposing, however, that the country should still be inhabited both by men and cattle, and should not become deserted. He commanded also a large sum of money, namely, three hundred mancuses, to be carried to Rome for the good of his soul, to be distributed in the following manner: namely, a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Peter, specially to buy oil for the lights of the church of that apostle on Easter eve, and also at the cock-crow: a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Paul, for the same purpose of buying oil for the church of St. Paul the apostle, to light the lamps on Easter eve and at the cock-crow; and a hundred mancuses for the universal apostolic pontiff.

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . But when king Ethelwulf was dead, and buried at Stemrugam, his son Ethelbald , contrary to God's prohibition and the dignity of a Christian, contrary also to the custom of all the pagans, ascended his father's bed, and married Judith (14) , daughter of Charles (34) , king of the Franks, and drew down much infamy upon himself from all who heard of it. During two years and a half of licentiousness after his father he held the government of the West-Saxons.

Around 870 Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870 (26) died .

Aethelbald King Wessex -860 was born to Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex .

Aethelberht King Wessex -865 was born to Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex .

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 .



9. Eodem quoque anno Ealhere comes, cum Cantuariis, et Huda, cum Suthriis, contra paganorum exercitum in insula, quae dicitur in Saxonica lingua Tenet, Britannico autem sermone Ruim, animose et acriter belligeraverunt, et primitus Christiani victoriam habuerunt, prolongatoque diu proelio ibidem ex utraque parte plurimi ceciderunt et in aqua mersi suffocati sunt, et comites illi ambo ibidem occubuerunt. Necnon et eodem anno Aethelwulfus, Occidentalium Saxonum rex, post Pascha filiam suam Burgredo Merciorum regi in villa regia, quae dicitur Cippanhamme , nuptiis regaliter factis, ad reginam dedit.


9 The same year also, earl Ealhere , with the men of Kent, and Iluda with the men of Surrey, fought bravely and resolutely against an army of the pagans, in the island, which is called in the Saxon tongue, Tenet , but Ruim in the British language. The battle lasted a long time, and many fell on both sides, and also were drowned in the water; and both the earls were there slain. In the same year also, after Easter, Ethelwulf , king of the West-Saxons, gave His daughter to Burhred, king of the Mercians, and the marriage was celebrated royally at the royal villa of Chippenham, Wiltshire .

Aethelstan King Kent was born to Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex .

Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex were married . Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex by marriage Queen Consort Wessex .

Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 was born to Egbert King Wessex 773-839 .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Wessex

Descent

Kings Wessex: Son of Egbert King Wessex 773-839

Ancestry

Father: Egbert King Wessex 773-839


GrandFather: Ealmund King Kent


Great GrandFather: Eafa Wessex


Great x 2 GrandFather: Eoppa Wessex 717-


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ingild Wessex 672-718