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Biography of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1596 Sack of Cadiz

1601 Essex Rebellion

1603 James 1st Crowned

1603 Funeral of Elizabeth I

1604 Treaty of London


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On May 1533 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) was appointed Earl Marshal.

On 29 Jun 1533 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) and Margaret Gamage Baroness Howard 1515-1581 (18) were married.

In 1536 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 was born to William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (26) and Margaret Gamage Baroness Howard 1515-1581 (21).

On 11 Mar 1554 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (44) was created 1st Baron Howard of Effingham (1C 1554). Margaret Gamage Baroness Howard 1515-1581 (39) by marriage Baroness Howard of Effingham (1C 1554).

On 20 Mar 1554 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (44) was appointed Lord High Admiral.

On 09 Oct 1554 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (44) was appointed 334th Knight Garter: Mary I.

In 1558 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (48) was appointed Privy Council.

On 17 Nov 1558 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (48) was appointed Lord Chamberlain.

In Jul 1563 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (27) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (13) were married (he was her Half First-Cousin Twice-Removed).

In 1590 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (39). Portrait of Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (40).

On 03 Mar 1564 Elizabeth Howard Countess Carrick 1564-1646 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (28) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (14) at Effingham. Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (30) was her Godmother.

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Before 1572 Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 was appointed First Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 12 Jan 1573 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (63) died at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond. He was buried at Reigate. His Son Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (37) succeeded 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham (1C 1554). Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (23) by marriage Baroness Howard of Effingham (1C 1554).

In 1575 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (39) was appointed 362nd Knight Garter: Elizabeth I.

In 1576 Elizabeth Howard Countess Carrick 1564-1646 (11) was appointed Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (49) which position she held until 1583.

On 27 Dec 1577 William Howard 1577-1615 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (41) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (27).

After 1579 John Sheffield 2nd Baron Sheffield 1538-1568 and Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608 were married. Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608 by marriage Baroness Sheffield of Butterwick in Lincolnshire.

On 17 Sep 1579 Charles Howard 2nd Earl Nottingham 1579-1642 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (43) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (29).

In 18 May 1581 Margaret Gamage Baroness Howard 1515-1581 (66) died in Reigate.

In 1582 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621 (42) and Frances Howard Countess Hertford were married. Frances Howard Countess Hertford by marriage Countess Hertford (3C 1559).

On 09 Nov 1582 Thomas "Black Tom" Butler 10th Earl Ormonde, 3rd Earl Ossory 1532-1614 (50) and Elizabeth Sheffield Countess Ormonde, Countess Ossory were married. Elizabeth Sheffield Countess Ormonde, Countess Ossory by marriage Countess Ormonde (1C 1328), Earl Ossory.

In 1583 Richard Drake 1535-1603 (48) leased the manor of Woking from Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (47).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).

In 1585 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (49) was appointed Lord High Admiral.

After 12 Jul 1586 Richard Montpesson -1627 and Mary Howard Baroness Dudley were married.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Calendar of State Papers of Spain Volume 4 1587-1603. 28 Feb 1587. Paris. Bernardino De Mendoza Ambassador 1540-1604 (47) to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59). Note. Assumed to be the Spanish King Philip II.
The English ambassador sent the confidant (i.e., Charles Arundell -1587 (54)) to me this morning to say that as it was so important that your Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59) should be informed instantly of the news he had received last night from England, that he sent to tell me of it, and openly to conFess me his anxiety to serve your Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59). He offered himself entirely through me, in the assurance that your Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59) would not order him to do anything against the interest of his mistress the Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53), who however, he could plainly see, had not long to live now that she had allowed the execution of the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587. It happened in this way. The William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (66) being absent through illness, the Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (54), Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (60), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (51) and Francis Walsingham Secretary 1532-1590 (55), had represented to the Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53) that the Parliament would resolutely refuse to vote any money to maintain the war in Holland, or to fit out a naval force to help Don Antonio, unless she executed the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587. Under this pressure she consented to sign a warrant, as they called it, that the Parliament might see, but which was not to be executed, unless it were proved that the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 conspired again against her life. As Francis Walsingham Secretary 1532-1590 (55) was ill this warrant was taken to the Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53) for her signature by William Davison Secretary 1541-1608, and after she had signed it she ordered William Davison Secretary 1541-1608 not to give it to anyone unless she gave him personally her authority to do so. William Davison Secretary 1541-1608, who is a terrible heretic and an enemy of the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587, like the rest of the above-mentioned, delivered the warrant to them. They took a London executioner and sent him with the warrant to the justice of the county where the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 was. The moment the justice received it, on the 08 Feb 1587 [NOTE. Appears to be a typo; original says 18th], he entered the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 chamber with Amias Poulett Courtier 1533-1588 (54) and Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), who had charge of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587, and there they had Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 head cut off with a hatchet in the presence of the four persons only. The Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53) orders her ambassador to inform this Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59) of it, and assure him, as she will more fully by a special envoy, that the deed was done against her will, and although she had signed the warrant she had no intention of having it carried out. She cannot avoid blaming herself for having trusted anyone but herself in such a matter. The ambassador is begging earnestly for an audience and is keeping the matter secret until he tells the King. In order that no time may be lost in informing your Majesty, I send this special courier in the name of merchants, by way of Bordeaux, whence he will go post to Irun ; and as God has so willed that these accursed people, for His ends, should fall into "reprobrium sensum," and against all reason commit such an act as this, it is evidently His design to deliver those two kingdoms into your Majesty's hands. I thanked the ambassador in general terms for his offer, saying that I would give an account thereof to your Majesty. As I have formerly said, it will be most adviSable to accept it, and pledge him to give us notice of any machinations here and in England against us. He reports that the fitting out of ships continues but in no greater number than he previously advised, although the rumour is current here that there would be 60 English, besides the Hollanders, but that the crews, etc. were not raised and no time fixed for the departure. The ambassador says he will have full information on the point when a gentleman of his has arrived whom he had sent to England to gain intelligence, as Cecil only writes now to say that the execution of the queen of Scotland has been against his will, as he, the ambassador knew ; and that the King, her son, was in great danger of suffering a similar fate. The execution was known in London on the 20th when the executioner returned, and great bonfires had been lit for joy all over the countryside. They did not even give her time to commend her soul to God. See Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola 1532-1625 (41). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (45).

Around 1560 Antonis Mor 1517-1577 (43). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (32).

Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (62). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (22).

Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (66). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (26).

Around 1559 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (49). Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (16).

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (33).

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1587 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (54).

Around 1575 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (42).

Around 1575 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (42) wearing his Garter Collar.

08 Feb 1587.Robert Beale Clerk 1541-1601 (46) was an eye-witness to the Execution of Mary Queen of Scots. Those indicted include 1 George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59), 2 Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), 3 Amyas Poulett 1457-1538. The drawing appears to show three event rather than a moment in time: her being led into the Hall, her being disrobed and being beheaded.

In 1593 Edmund Sheffield 1st Earl Mulgrave 1564-1646 (29) was appointed 381st Knight Garter: Elizabeth I.

Around 1596 Thomas Aylesbury 1st Baronet 1576-1657 (20) was appointed Secretary to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (60).

Around 1646. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (34). Portrait of Thomas Aylesbury 1st Baronet 1576-1657 (70).

Sack of Cadiz

On 13 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) departed from Plymouth with a fleet of 150 English and Dutch ships divided into four squads with 6,360 private soldiers, 1,000 English volunteers, and 6,772 sailors.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (60) was admiral in command. Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) commanded the land forces. Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway 1564-1631 (32) commanded a foot Regiment.
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (34),Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (42),Francis Vere 1561-1609 (36) each commanded a squadron.
Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (35) represented Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (62).

In 1590 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (24).

Around 1596 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (34). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30).

Around 1597 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (35). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (31).

In 1598 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (36).

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37).

In 1598 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (44).

In 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (31).

In 1588 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (34).

On 22 Oct 1597 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (61) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (6C 1596). Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (47) by marriage Countess Nottingham (6C 1596).

On 29 Nov 1597 Edward Stafford 1552-1605 (45) and Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608 (55) were married.

Essex Rebellion

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) and three others were held hostage by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at Essex House, Strand. Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) attempted to rouse London but his support never materialised.When he returned to Essex House, Strand he found the hostages gone. Essex House, Strand was besieged by the Queen's men under Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (65). Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (27) surrendered. Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) took part. Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (24) was implicated and was imprisoned for several months.He was fined £30000; a staggering amount three times more than any other conspirator. .

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (44).

On 25 Feb 1603 Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (53) died at Arundel House. She was buried in Chelsea Old Church on 25 Apr 1603.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).
George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.
William Segar Painter 1554-1663 carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Before 1623. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623.

Around 1615 William Larkin 1582-1619 (33). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30).

In 1634 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (44). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49) wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49).

Around 1615 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

James 1st Crowned

On 25 Jul 1603 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed Lord High Steward.
Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (23) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631 (29), Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15), Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

Around 1625 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (31). Portrait of Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (44).

Before 1619 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619. Portrait of William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631.

On Sep 1603 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) and Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham 1591-1639 (12) were married. Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham 1591-1639 (12) by marriage Countess Nottingham (6C 1596).

Treaty of London

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

Gunpowder Plot The Effect Of the Indictment. On 27 Jan 1606 the trial of the conspirators took place at Westminster Hall.[Gunpowder Plot]
The Commissioners were:
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (70)
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (44)
Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (56)
Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (43)
Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (65)
Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (42)
John Popham Lord Chief Justice 1531-1607 (75)
Thomas Fleming Judge 1544-1613 (61)
Peter Warburton Judge 1540-1621 (66)

The Effect of the Indictment
Note. We have broken this very lengthy paragraph up into more manageable chunks.
THAT whereas our James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (39) had, by the Advice and Assent of his Council, for divers weighty and urgent Occasions concerning, his Majesty, the State, and Defence of the Church and Kingdom of England, appointed a Parliament to be holden at his City of Westminster; That Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Superior of the Jesuits within the Realm of England, (called also by the several names of Wally, Darcy, Roberts, Farmer, and Henry Philips), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), otherwise called Oswald Greenwell, John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), (called also by the several names of Lee and Brooke), Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Gentlemen, Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35) Gent. otherwise called Guy Johnson, Robert Keyes Gent. and Thomas Bates Yeoman, late Servant to Robert Catesby Esquire; together with the said Robert Catesby and Thomas Percy Esquires, John Wright and Christopher Wright Gentlemen, in open Rebellion and Insurrection against his Majesty, lately slain, and Francis Tresham Esq; lately dead; as false Traitors against our said Sovereign Lord the King, did traitorously meet and assemble themselves together; and being so met, the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), and other Jesuits, did maliciously, falsly, and traitorously move and persuade as well the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, That our said Sovereign Lord the King, the Nobility, Clergy, and whole Commonalty of the Realm of England, (Papists excepted) were Hereticks; and that all Hereticks were accursed and excommunicate; and that none Heretick could be a King; but that it was lawful and meritorious to kill our said Sovereign Lord the King, and all other Hereticks within this Realm of England, for the Advancing and Enlargement of the pretended and usurped Authority and Jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, and for the restoring of the superstitious Romish Religion within this Realm of England.

To which traitorous Persuasions, the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously did yield their Assents: And that thereupon the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), and divers other Jesuits; Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as also the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright and Francis Tresham, traitorously amongst themselves did conclude and agree, with Gunpowder, as it were with one Blast, suddenly, traitorously and barbarously to blow up and tear in pieces our said Sovereign Lord the King, the excellent, virtuous and gracious Queen Anne, his dearest Wife, the most noble Prince Henry, their eldest Son, and future Hope and Joy of England; and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the Reverend Judges of the Realm, the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of Parliament, and divers other faithful Subjects and Servants of the King in the said Parliament, for the Causes aforesaid, to be assembled in the House of Parliament; and all them, without any respect of Majesty, Dignity, Degree, Sex, Age or Place, most barbarously, and more than beastly, traitorously and suddenly to destroy and swallow up.

And further did most traitorously conspire and conclude among themselves, That not only the whole Royal Issue-Male of our said Sovereign Lord the King should be destroyed and rooted out; but that the Persons aforesaid, together with divers other false Traitors, traitorously with them to be assembled, should surprize the Persons of the most noble Ladies Elizabeth and Mary, Daughters of our said Sovereign Lord the King, and falsly and traitorously should proclaim the said Lady Elizabeth to be Queen of this Realm: And thereupon should publish a Proclamation in the name of the said Lady Elizabeth; wherein, as it was especially agreed by and between the said Conspirators, That no mention should be made at the first, of the alteration of Religion established within within this Realm of England; neither would the said false Traitors therein acknowledge themselves to be Authors, or Actors, or Devisers of the aforesaid most wicked and horrible Treasons, until they had got sufficient Power and Strength for the assured Execution and Accomplishment of their said Conspiracy and Treason; and that then they would avow and justify the said most wicked and horrible Treasons, as Actions that were in the number of those, Quae non laudantur, nisi peracta, which be not to be commended before they be done: but by the said feign'd and traitorous Proclamation they would publish, That all and singular Abuses and Grievances within this Realm of England, should, for satisfying of the People, be reform'd.

And that as well for the better concealing, as for the more effectual accomplishing of the said horrible Treasons, as well the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the traitorous Advice and Procurement of the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), and other Jesuits, traitorously did further conclude and agree, that as well the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, thereupon severally and traitorously should receive several corporal Oaths upon the holy Evangelists, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, That they the Treasons aforesaid would traitorously conceal and keep secret, and would not reveal them, directly or indirectly, by Words or Circumstances, nor ever would desist from the Execution and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, without the consent of some three of the aforesaid false Traitors first in that behalf traitorously had: And that thereupon as well the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christ. Wright, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously take the said several corporal Oaths severally, and did receive the Sacrament of the Eucharist aforesaid, by the Hands of the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), and other Jesuits.

And further, that the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35),Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright,Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the like traitorous Advice and Counsel of the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), and other Jesuits, for the more effectual compassing and final execution of the said Treasons, did traitorously among themselves conclude and agree to dig a certain Mine under the said House of Parliament, and there secretly, under the said House, to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder ; and that according to the said traitorous Conclusion, the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomes Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, afterwards secretly, not without great labour and difficulty, did dig and make the said Mine unto the midst of the Foundation of the Wall of the said House of Parliament, the said Foundation being of the thickness of three yards, with a traitorous Intent to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder in the Mine aforesaid, so as aforesaid traitorously to be made for the traitorous accomplishing of their traitorous Purposes aforesaid.

And that the said Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, finding and perceiving the said Work to be of great difficulty, by reason of the Hardness and thickness of the said Wall ; and understanding a certain Cellar under the said House of Parliament, and adjoining to a certain House of the said Thomas Percy, then to be letten to farm for a yearly Rent, the said Thomas Percy, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as of the said Robert Catesby, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did hire the Cellar aforesaid for a certain yearly Rent and Term: and then those Traitors did remove twenty Barrels full of Gunpowder out of the said House of the said Thomas Percy, and secretly and traitorously did bestow and place them in the Cellar aforesaid, under the said House of Parliament, for the traitorous effecting of the Treason, and traitorous Purposes aforesaid.

And that afterwards the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright traitorously did meet with Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, Esquires; and traitorously did impart to the said Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid ; and did require the said Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, to join themselves as well with the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, in the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid; and traitorously to provide Horse, Armour, and other Necessaries, for the better Accomplishment and effecting of the said Treasons.

To which traitorous Motion and Request, the said Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously yield their Assents, and as well with the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, in the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, traitorously did adhere and unite themselves: And thereupon several corporal Oaths, in form abovesaid, traitorously did take, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, by the hands of the said Jesuits did receive, to such intent and Purpose, as is aforesaid; and Horses, Armour, and other Necessaries for the better effecting of the said Treasons, according to their traitorous Assents aforesaid, traitorously did provide.

And that afterwards all the said false Traitors did traitorously provide, and bring into the Cellar aforesaid ten other Barrels full of Gunpowder, newly bought, fearing lest the former Gunpowder, so as aforesaid bestow'd and placed there, was become dankish; and the said several Quantities of: Gunpowder aforesaid, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be spy'd, secretly and traitorously did cover.

And that afterwards the said false Traitors traitorously provided, and brought into the Cellar aforesaid, four Hogsheads full of Gunpowder, and laid divers great Iron Bars and Stones upon the said four Hogsheads, and the aforesaid other Quantities of Gunpowder: And the said Quantities of Gunpowder, Bars, and Stones, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be espy'd, secretly and traitorously did likewise cover.

And that the said Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 (35), afterwards, for a full and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), and other Jesuits, Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as of the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously had prepared, and had upon his Person Touchwood and Match, therewith traitorously to give fire to the several Barrels, Hogsheads, and Quantities of Gunpowder aforesaid, at the time appointed for the Execution of the said horrible Treasons.

And further, that after the said horrible Treasons were, by the great Favour and Mercy of God, in a wonderful manner discover'd, not many hours before it should have been executed, as well the said Henry Garnet Jesuit 1555-1606 (50), Oswald Tesimond Jesuit 1563-1636 (43), John Gerrard Jesuit 1564-1637 (41), Robert Wintour 1568-1606 (38), Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did fly and withdraw themselves, to the intent traitorously to stir up and procure such Popish Persons, as they could, to join with them in actual, publick and open Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King; and to that end did publish divers feigned and false Rumours, that the Papists Throats should have been cut; and that thereupon divers Papists were in Arms, and in open, publick, and actual Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King, in divers Parts of this Realm of England.

In 1621 Gilbert Jackson 1595-1648 (26). Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (71).

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

1624. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614.

Around 1602 John Critz 1551-1642 (51). Portrait of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (38).

In 1608 Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608 (66) died.

On 25 Dec 1610 Charles Howard 3rd Earl Nottingham 1610-1681 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (74) and Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham 1591-1639 (19).

In 1612 Anne Howard 1612- was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (76) and Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham 1591-1639 (21).

On 28 Nov 1615 William Howard 1577-1615 (37) died.

After 04 Aug 1618 Edmund Sheffield 1st Earl Mulgrave 1564-1646 and Mariana Irwin Countess Mulgrave were married. Mariana Irwin Countess Mulgrave by marriage Baroness Sheffield of Butterwick in Lincolnshire.In 1626 Edmund Sheffield 1st Earl Mulgrave 1564-1646 was created 1st Earl Mulgrave (2C 1812). Mariana Irwin Countess Mulgrave by marriage Countess Mulgrave (2C 1812).

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (84).

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (84).

In 1624 Joan Howard -1624 died.

On 14 Dec 1624 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (88) died. His Son Charles Howard 2nd Earl Nottingham 1579-1642 (45) succeeded 2nd Earl Nottingham (6C 1596), 3rd Baron Howard of Effingham (1C 1554). Charity White Countess Nottingham -1618 by marriage Countess Nottingham (6C 1596).

Joan Howard -1624 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603.

Frances Howard Countess Kildare was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603.

Margaret Howard was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Maternal Family Tree: Sybil of Lansgtone Manor 1462-1502

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 20 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 12 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 18 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 13 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 7 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 8 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Ancestry

Father: William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 6 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Howard Arms

GrandFather: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Howard Arms

Great GrandFather: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Howard Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Howard 1385-1437 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Howard Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Howard 1366-1437 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Howard Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Howard 1331-1389 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Howard Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Scales 7 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tendring 1365-1426

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Tendring 1339-1421

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1388-1459 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Mowbray Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Mowbray Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368 2 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Mowbray Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Segrave Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 2 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Bohun Arms

Great GrandMother: Katherine Moleyns -1465

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Moleyns 1378-1425

GrandMother: Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 Tilney Arms

Great GrandFather: Hugh Tilney 1445-1488 Tilney Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Tilney 1400-1453 Tilney Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick Tilney 1370-1406 Tilney Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip Tilney 1337-1394 Tilney Arms

Mother: Margaret Gamage Baroness Howard 1515-1581 10 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: Thomas Gamage 1484-1513

GrandMother: Margaret St John 9 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 St John Arms

Great GrandFather: John St John 1450-1525 8 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 St John Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John St John 1426-1488 7 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 St John Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Oliver St John 1400-1437 St John Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John St John 1383-1421 St John Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Paulet 1387-1421 Paulet Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Bradshaigh

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bradshaigh

Great GrandMother: Sybil of Lansgtone Manor 1462-1502

Great x 2 GrandFather: Morgan ap Jenkin Lord of Langstone 1413-1472

Great x 3 GrandFather: Jenkyn ap Philip 1377-1441

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip ap Morgan 1350-1382