Biography of Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521

CONTENT

1483 Buckingham's Rebellion

1501 Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1521 Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 03 Feb 1478 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 was born to Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (23) and Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (20) at Brecon Castle, Brecon, Breconshire, Welsh March.

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part.He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion. His son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded as 8th Earl Stafford (1C 1351), 9th Baron Stafford (1C 1299).
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part.!The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (33) and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502 (31).
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement.Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1485 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (6) was restored 3rd Duke Buckingham (1C 1444).

In Dec 1489 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (11) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 were married (he was her third-cousin). Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 by marriage Duchess Buckingham (1C 1444).The executors of her father Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489, who had been hanged by rebels during the Northern Rebellion earlier in the year, having paid Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) £4000 for the privilege.His father, Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483, had been hanged for treason in 1483.

In 1495 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (16) was appointed 248th Knight Garter: Henry VII.

On 03 Feb 1495 Mary Stafford Baroness Bergavenny 1495-1545 was born to Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (17) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530.

Around 1497 Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 was born to Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (18) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530.

On 18 May 1497 Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (39) died.

Around 1499 Katherine Stafford Countess Westmoreland 1499-1555 was born to Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (20) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530.

On 18 Sep 1501 Henry Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1501-1563 was born to Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (23) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 at Penshurst Place, Penshurst, Kent.

Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

On 14 Nov 1501 Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) were married at St Paul's Cathedral by Henry Deane Archbishop Canterbury -1503 assisted by William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532 (51) and a further eighteen bishops.
Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (32) bore the train, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (24) was Chief Answerer. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (18) and Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (23) attended.
Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 was appointed Knight of the Bath
Immediately after their marriage Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) resided at Tickenhill Manor, Bewdley, Worcestershire for a month.
Thereafter they travelled to Ludlow, Shropshire.

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (34). Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532 (81).

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532.

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1511 Margaret Stafford 1511-1537 was born to Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (32).

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

In Apr 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was arrested and imprisoned at Tower of London. He was accused of listening to prophecies of the King's death and intending to kill the King. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (48) presided at his trial. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (43) and Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (32) acted as judges. Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533 (41) and Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (41) as jurors..

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter-twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant.Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage.Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Lady Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire.

In 1530 Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 died.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stafford

Maternal Family Tree: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430

Descendants Family Trees:

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 17 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 12 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 6 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: Humphrey Stafford 1425-1458 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandMother: Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403


GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandMother: Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Ferrers Countess Warwick 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Berkeley 9th Baron Berkeley, 3rd Baron Lisle 1352-1417 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Lisle Baroness Berkeley, 3rd Baroness Lisle 1362-1391 7 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Mother: Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469


Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403


Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396


GrandMother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 4 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 3 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 8 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-


Great GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422


Great x 2 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count 1331-1399 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran