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Biography of Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1392 Death of Isabella of Castile

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1398 Thomas Mowbray Duel

1399 Richard II's Last Will

1399 Epiphany Rising

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1415 Southampton Plot

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1476 Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1361 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (19) was appointed 37th Knight Garter: Edward III.

In 1362 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge (2C 1362).

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) were married at Wallingford. Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) by marriage Countess Cambridge (2C 1362). She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (18) at King's Langley.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Before 07 Nov 1379 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 were married. Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 by marriage Countess Gloucester (4C 1397).

In 1381 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (8) and Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (8) were married.

On 06 Aug 1385 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (44) was created 1st Duke York (1C 1385). Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (30) by marriage Duchess York (1C 1385).

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (14) was appointed 76th Knight Garter: Richard II.

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (17) was created 1st Earl Rutland (1C 1390). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (17) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390).

Death of Isabella of Castile

On 23 Dec 1392 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (37) died. She the wife of Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (51). Isabella had travelled to England with her sister Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (38) who had married Edmund's elder brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (52). Isabella and Edmund's marriage was not, apparently, a happy one. She is known to have had an affair with John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (40) who may have been the father of Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (7) progenitor of the House of York.

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (21) was created 1st Earl Cork. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (21) by marriage Countess Cork.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

In 1398 Elizabeth Despencer 1398-1398 died.

Thomas Mowbray Duel

On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between the future Henry IV (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30). the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) managed the proceedings.Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it.After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.

Before 07 Oct 1398 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York 1378-1431 were married.

Richard II's Last Will

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks ... we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25).
Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419 (55), Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Painter Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors ...
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49), William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) our cousin.

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 1400 Edward Despencer 1399-1399 died.

Epiphany Rising

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London.

In 1401 Hugh Despencer 1400-1401 (1) died.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales
Edmund, duke of York
Edward, earl of Rutland
Thomas, earl of Arundel
John, earl of Somerset
Edmund, earl of Stafford
Henry, earl of Northumberland
Ralph, earl of Westmorland
Thomas, earl of Worcester
Michael, earl of Suffolk
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor
Thomas, Lord Berkeley
John, Lord Charlton
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin
Thomas, Lord Camoys
Thomas, Lord Furnivall
Robert, Lord Scales
John, Lord Beaumont
William, Lord Willoughby
Hugh, Lord Burnell
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby
William, Lord Bergavenny
John, Lord Lovell
Robert, Lord Harrington
Richard Lescrope.

On 01 Aug 1402 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (61) died at King's Langley. His Son Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York (1C 1385), 2nd Earl Cambridge (2C 1362). Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York 1378-1431 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397).

In 1408 Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (35) died.

On 27 Jul 1411 Richard Beauchamp 1st Earl Worcester 1396-1422 (14) and Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (11) were married. Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (11) by marriage Countess Worcester (3C 1421).

On 18 Feb 1413 Thomas Grey 1404-1443 (9) and Isabel York Count Eu, Countess Essex 1409-1484 (4) were married.

In 1414 Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 (18) died. His Sister Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (13) succeeded 5th Baron Burghesh (2C 1330).

In 1414 Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (28) was created 1st Earl Cambridge (3C 1414). Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 by marriage Countess Cambridge (3C 1414).

Southampton Plot

On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were beheaded at the North Gate, Southampton for their roles in the Southampton Plot.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414).
John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His Brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385).
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415 (25), Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxembourg 1355-1415 (60) were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20), John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His Brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His Son Jean Valois-Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His Son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His Son John Valois-Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay.

On 29 Nov 1416 Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (42) died at Reading Abbey, Reading.

On 17 Jul 1431 Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York 1378-1431 (53) died at Carisbrooke Castle, Isle of Wight_Hampshire. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. Her Nephew Richard Strange 3rd Baron Mohun Dunster, 7th Baron Strange Knockin 1381-1449 (49) succeeded 3rd Baron Mohun Dunster as a result of her death bring the title out of abeyance.

On 18 Nov 1434 Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
On 27 Apr 1437 Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (58) died at Ewelme. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
Tomb of Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) and Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (55) in St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
The Arms in two rows left to right ...
Top Row ...
1 Beaufort Arms
2 Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (19); possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 who married Philippa Mohun, impaled Neville Arms
3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426
4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 impaled Neville Arms
5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (again?)
6 Stafford Arms impaled Neville Arms
7 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms

Bottom Row
1 Beauchamp Arms quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont -1262. Alice Beaumont -1262 inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick -1253 died.
2 Unknown impaled Beaufort Arms
3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Mohun Arms
4 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartered Neville Arms
5 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms
6 Despencer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms
7 Mohun Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 and Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster 1319-1404.

On 18 Nov 1434 Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
On 27 Apr 1437 Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (58) died at Ewelme. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
Tomb of Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) and Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (55) in St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
The Arms in two rows left to right ...
Top Row ...
1 Beaufort Arms
2 Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (19); possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 who married Philippa Mohun, impaled Neville Arms
3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426
4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 impaled Neville Arms
5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (again?)
6 Stafford Arms impaled Neville Arms
7 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms

Bottom Row
1 Beauchamp Arms quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont -1262. Alice Beaumont -1262 inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick -1253 died.
2 Unknown impaled Beaufort Arms
3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Mohun Arms
4 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartered Neville Arms
5 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms
6 Despencer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms
7 Mohun Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 and Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster 1319-1404.

In 1439 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (38) died.

On 23 Sep 1459 Eleanor Holland Baroness Audley Heighley 1406-1459 (53) died at Heleigh.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed. His Son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York (1C 1385), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414).
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36).

On 02 Oct 1484 Isabel York Count Eu, Countess Essex 1409-1484 (75) died. She was buried at Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of King Edward III England York Arms

GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 4 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Countess Flanders 1202-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 4 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 4 GrandMother: Erminsende Namur Count Bar 1186-1247

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 4 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242 Capet Arms

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen V of Hungary 1239-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cuman

Mother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1285-1312 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1258-1295 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso X King Castile, X King Leon 1221-1284 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violante Barcelona Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Molina Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great x 2 GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Denis I King Portugal 1261-1325 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso III King Portugal 1210-1279 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1254-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal 1271-1336

Great x 4 GrandFather: Peter III King Aragon 1240-1285

Great x 4 GrandMother: Constance Hohenstaufen Queen Consort Aragon 1249-1302

Great GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

Great x 2 GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

Great GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

Great x 2 GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa