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Biography of Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1389 Christmas Court

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1400 Epiphany Rising

1413 Coronation of Henry V

1413 Death of King Henry IV

1414 Fire and Faggot Parliament

1421 Siege of Meaux

1422 Death of Henry V

1424 Coronation of James I of Scotland

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

1431 Siege of Louviers

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1460 Battle of Wakefield


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342).

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Reading Abbey, Reading. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) by marriage Countess Richmond (5C 1342). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) by marriage 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337).

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, the day after his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Before 21 Feb 1363 Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 at Burford.

In 1365 John Lancaster 1362-1365 (3) died. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

In 1365 Edward Lancaster 1365-1365 died. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

In 1367 John Lancaster 1366-1367 (1) died. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

In 1368 Isabel Lancaster 1368-1368 died. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (23) died at Tutbury Castle. Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar. She was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

In 1375 John Lancaster 1374-1375 (1) died.

On 16 Apr 1375 John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (27) died. He was buried at Hereford. His Son John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (2) succeeded 3rd Earl Pembroke (4C 1339), 5th Baron Hastings (1C 1295), 16th Baron Bergavenny (Feudal Creation). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (12) by marriage Countess Pembroke (4C 1339).

On 23 Apr 1377 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (10) was appointed 62nd Knight Garter: Edward III.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Kenilworth Castle.

After 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 were divorced.

On 23 Apr 1381 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (29) was appointed 68th Knight Garter: Richard II.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Plymouth.

On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was appointed Duke Cornwall.

In 1387 Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 was born to John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (35) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23).

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married.

In 1388 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (36) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (24) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (4C 1388).

In 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (8) and Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (14) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (14) by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

Around 1389 Elizabeth Holland 1389-1449 was born to John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (37) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (25).

On 06 Mar 1389 Blanche Aviz 1388-1389 died.

Christmas Court

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (22) held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.
John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17) was killed in a tournament. His Half First-Cousin Twice-Removed Hugh Hastings 6th Baron Hastings 1336-1369 succeeded 6th Baron Hastings (1C 1295). Margaret Everingham Baroness Hastings 1331-1375 by marriage Baroness Hastings (1C 1295).

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort-en-Vallée. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem.

Around 1392 Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 was born to John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (40) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (28).

On 18 Mar 1395 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 was born to John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (43) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (32) at Dartington.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 by marriage Baroness Neville Raby (1C 1295).

In Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Irish Fleet, Constable Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.

On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset (2C 1397).

In May 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Northern Fleet.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed 87th Knight Garter: Richard II.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed Lieutenant Aquitaine.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

On 27 Feb 1398 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (23) was appointed Bishop Lincoln.

On 27 Jul 1398 Blanche Aviz 1398-1398 died.

Before 1399 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 and Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 were married.

In 1399 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was appointed 94th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

Around 1399 Edward Holland 1399-1413 was born to John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (35).

In 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (3C 1399).

In 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) was appointed 93rd Knight Garter: Henry IV.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir, Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married.

Around 1400 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (9) was appointed 96th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

In 1400 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (22) was appointed 98th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

In 1400 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10) was appointed 95th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

Epiphany Rising

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey. His Son John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388).

On 22 Dec 1400 Afonso Aviz 1390-1400 (10) died.

Before 01 Jun 1402 Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 and Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 were married (he was her Third-Cousin). Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 by marriage Countess Norfolk (3C 1312), Earl Nottingham (2C 1383).

In 1403 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (28) was appointed Lord Chancellor.

In 1403 John Cornwall 1403-1421 was born to John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (39) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (39).

In 1404 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (31) was appointed Constable England.

On 19 Nov 1404 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (29) was appointed Bishop Winchester.

Around 1406 Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 (14) died.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway, King Denmark, King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married.

On 26 Oct 1406 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) was appointed Queen Consort Denmark.

On 28 Oct 1407 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (18) and Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) were married at Greystoke Castle, Greystoke. Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) by marriage Baroness Greystoke.

In 1409 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (45) was appointed 117th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

On 22 May 1409 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate 1392-1409 (17) died in childbirth at Haguenau.

Around 1410 John Grey 1387-1439 (23) and Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) were married. Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) by marriage Baroness Grey Ruthyn (1324).

On 16 Mar 1410 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral. His Son Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset (2C 1397).

On 05 Jul 1411 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (34) was created 1st Earl Dorset (2C 1411). Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413 (27) by marriage Countess Dorset (2C 1411).

In 1412 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was created 1st Duke Clarence (2C 1412). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (27) by marriage Duchess Clarence (2C 1412).

On 12 Jan 1412 John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (20) and Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) were married. Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) by marriage Countess Norfolk (3C 1312), Earl Nottingham (2C 1383).

In 1413 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (17) was appointed 125th Knight Garter: Henry V.

In 1413 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (35) was appointed Lieutenant Aquitaine.

After 1413 Edward Holland 1399-1413 died.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His Son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel, Canterbury Cathedral of Canterbury Cathedral.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable. .
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414). .

Before 1414 Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married (he was her Second-Cousin). Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 by marriage Baroness Burghesh (2C 1330).

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414). .

In 1415 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (37) was appointed Captain Harfleur.

On 12 Jun 1415 Alfonso V King Aragon 1396-1458 (19) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon 1401-1458 (13) were married (he was her First-Cousin). Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon 1401-1458 (13) by marriage Queen Consort Aragon.

On 19 Jul 1415 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (55) died at Sacavém.

On 18 Nov 1416 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (39) was created 1st Duke Exeter (2C 1416). Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413 by marriage Duchess Exeter (2C 1416).

On 02 Jun 1418 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (45) died at Valladolid. He was buried at Capilla de los Reyes Nuevos, Cathedral of Toledo.

Before 08 Jul 1418 Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 were married (he was her Second-Cousin). Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377).

In 1419 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (41) was appointed Captain of Rouen.

In 1420 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (24) was appointed Constable Tower of London.

Around 1420 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (6) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (11) were married (he was her Third-Cousin).

Siege of Meaux

In Dec 1421 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) commenced the Siege of Meaux. John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (57) fought. John Cornwall 1403-1421 (18) was killed; his head being blown off by a cannon ball witnessed by his father. Meaux was eventually captured on 11 May 1422.

Before 1422 William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 was appointed 6th Baron Fauconberg.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body of Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) back to England. His Son His only child Henry succeeded VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. .

In 1424 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (49) was appointed Lord Chancellor.

Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

On 12 Feb 1424 James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (29) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) were married at Southwark Cathedral, Southwark. Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Coronation of James I of Scotland

On 21 May 1424 James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (29) was crowned I King Scotland: Stewart at Scone Abbey, Scone. Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) was crowned Queen Consort Scotland.
Alexander Lindsay 2nd Earl Crawford -1439 was knighted. .

In 1426 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (51) was appointed Cardinal.

On 24 Nov 1426 Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (63) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Burford.

On 31 Dec 1426 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (49) died at Greenwich.

In 1427 Constance Cornwall Countess Arundel -1427 died.

On 05 Jan 1430 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (35) died at Cloister Church, Vadstena, Linköping.

Siege of Louviers

On 03 Oct 1431 Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (26) was killed at Louviers, Eure, Haute Normandie during the Siege of Louviers.

In 1434 Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (41) died.

On 14 Sep 1435 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (46) died at Castle of Joyeux Repos, Rouen.

In 1437 Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (50) died.

On 13 Sep 1438 Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (46) died. His Son Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 (6) succeeded V King Portugal: Aviz.

On 13 Nov 1440 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (61) died at Howden. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral.

On 30 Jan 1442 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (78) was created 1st Baron Milbroke. Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 by marriage Baroness Milbroke Baroness Fanhope.

On 18 Oct 1442 Prince John Aviz Constable Portugal 1400-1442 (42) died.

On 05 Jun 1443 Ferdinand Aviz 1402-1443 (40) died.

On 11 Dec 1443 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (79) died at Ampthill Castle, Ampthill. He was buried at Blackfriars Preachers, Ludgate.

On 27 May 1444 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (41) committed suicide (possibly). His Brother Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (38) succeeded 4th Earl Somerset (2C 1397). Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (35) by marriage Countess Somerset (2C 1397).

On 15 Jul 1445 Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (41) died at Dunbar Castle, Dunbar. She was buried at Perth Charterhouse.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke at Bury St Edmunds. He had been arrested three days previously on a charge of treason. He was buried at St Albans Cathedral, St Albans.

On 11 Apr 1447 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (72) died at Wolvesey Castle, Wolvesey, Winchester. He was buried in his Chantry Chapel at Winchester Cathedral.

On 05 Aug 1447 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (52) died at Stepney. He was buried at the Church of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill. His Son Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (17) succeeded 3rd Duke Exeter (1C 1397), 3rd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388). Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (7) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).

In 1449 Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (40) died.

In 1449 Elizabeth Holland 1389-1449 (60) died.

On 20 May 1449 Peter Aviz I Duke Coimbra 1392-1449 (56) died.

On 20 Jul 1454 John II King Castile 1405-1454 (49) died. His Son Henry IV King Castile 1425-1474 (29) succeeded IV King Castile. Blanche Trastámara II Queen Navarre 1424-1464 (30) by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His Son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset (2C 1448),
Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His Son Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl Northumberland (1C 1377). Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377).
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His Son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

On 25 Jan 1457 Mary or Margery Ferrers 1394-1457 (63) died.

On 07 Sep 1458 Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon 1401-1458 (56) died.

On 13 Nov 1460 Henry Aviz 1394-1460 (66) died.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed. His Son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York (1C 1385), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414).
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

On 09 Jan 1463 William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (58) died. He was buried at Guisborough Priory, Guisborough.

On 30 Dec 1469 George Neville 1st Baron Latimer Snape 1407-1469 (62) died at Well. He was buried at St Michaels Church, Well. His Grandson Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (1) succeeded 2nd Baron Latimer Snape.

On 11 Dec 1471 Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy 1397-1471 (74) died.

In 1472 Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 (75) died.

On 18 Oct 1476 Edward Neville 3rd Baron Bergavenny 1413-1476 (62) died. His Son George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (36) succeeded 4th Baron Bergavenny (1C 1392). Margaret Fenne Baroness Bergavenny by marriage Baroness Bergavenny (1C 1392).

After 1483 Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 died.

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay.

Constance Cornwall Countess Arundel -1427 was born to John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Maud Saye 1155-1222

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999

Kings England: Grand Daughter of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 4 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Countess Flanders 1202-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 4 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 4 GrandMother: Erminsende Namur Count Bar 1186-1247

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 4 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242 Capet Arms

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen V of Hungary 1239-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cuman

Mother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 Chaworth Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283 Chaworth Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1218-1258 Chaworth Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 1215-1268 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Fitzpeter 1205-1258

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabel Bigod 1212-1250 Bigod Arms

GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 4 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beaumont Arms

Great GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 3 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beaumont Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont 1227-1297 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: John de Brienne I King Jerusalem 1170-1237

Great x 4 GrandFather: Erard Brienne II Count Brienne -1191

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnès Montfaucon Count Brienne

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237 Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raoul Beaumont-Sarthe I Viscount 1172-1239 Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Beaumont-Sarthe I Viscount 1135-1199 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandMother: Lucie Aigle Viscountess

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes de La Flèche Flèche Viscountess

Great GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont 7 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn -1308 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn 2nd Earl Buchan 1217-1289

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Comyn Earl Buchan 1163-1233

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Buchan Countess Buchan 1184-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Quincy Countess Buchan 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger Quincy 2nd Earl Winchester 1195-1264

Great x 4 GrandMother: Helen Galloway Countess Winchester 4 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanna Latimer 1269-1320

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby 1251-1316

Great x 4 GrandFather: Walter Ledet 1230-1256

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermentrude Lisle 1228- Lisle Arms