Biography of Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

CONTENT

1471 Battle of Barnet

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1571 Ridolphi Plot


Descent

Ancestry

Before 1445 Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 was born to Frederick Tilney 1416-1445 (28) and Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 (22) at Ashwellthorpe Hall, Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk.

In 1445 Frederick Tilney 1416-1445 (29) died at Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk.

After 1464 Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (19) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27).

In 1466 Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (31) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (21) were married.

Around 1467 John Bourchier 2nd Baron Berners 1467-1533 was born to Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (32) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (22).

Around 1468 Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan 1468-1552 was born to Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (33) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (23) at Beningborough, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire.

In 1470 Anne Bourchier Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1470-1530 was born to Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (35) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (25).

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485 (48), Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30), William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40), Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed.
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed. His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought..
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

On 30 Sep 1472 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (29) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (27) were married.

In 1473 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (30) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (28).

On 25 Sep 1473 Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 (51) died and was buried in Broxbourne, Hertfordshire.

In 1476 Edward Howard 1476-1513 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (33) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (31).

Around 1478 Edmund Howard 1478-1539 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (33).

In 1480 Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (37) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (35).

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.

After 1486 Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (41) was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19).

In 1489 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (46) was restored 1st Earl Surrey (3C 1483). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (44) by marriage Countess Surrey (3C 1483).

On 04 Apr 1497 Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (52) died.

On 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (81) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk. He was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk and subsequently reburied at the Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk. His son Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51) succeeded as 3rd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483), 2nd Earl Surrey (3C 1483), 14th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 15th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (27) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483).

Ridolphi Plot

Around Mar 1571 the Ridolphi Plot was a Catholic plan to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (37) and replace her with her with Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28) would would marry Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34). Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (37) and Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34) were cousins through their Great Grandmother Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1571 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (61). Portrait known as "Lady in her Bath" believed to depict Diane de Poitiers or Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28).

Muriel Howard Viscountess Lisle was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

Richard Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

John Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

Charles Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: Frederick Tilney 1416-1445


GrandFather: Philip Tilney 1400-1453


Great GrandFather: Frederick Tilney 1370-1406


Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Tilney 1337-1394


Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick Tilney 1305-1360


Mother: Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 7 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


GrandFather: Lawrence Cheney 1396-1461


Great GrandFather: William Cheney 1368-1399


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Henry Cheney 1340-1368


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Cheney 1308-


GrandMother: Elizabeth Cockayne 1394-1422 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great GrandFather: John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Cockayne 1325-1369


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Cockayne 1300-1357


Great x 2 GrandMother: Cecilia Vernon 1330-


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Vernon 1312-1346


Great GrandMother: Ida Grey 1368-1426 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Reginald Grey 2nd Baron Grey Ruthyn 1322-1388 8 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Grey 1st Baron Grey Ruthyn 1290-1353 7 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Hastings Baroness Grey Ruthyn 7 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 2 GrandMother: Alianore Strange Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1331-1396 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere 1306-1349 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Ankaret Boteler Baroness Strange Blackmere 1309-1361