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Biography of Henry III King England 1207-1272

1199 Coronation of King John

1216 Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

1216 Death of King John

1220 Westminster Coronation of Henry III

1233 Battle of Monmouth

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1242 Battle of Taillebourg

1264 Battle of Lewes

1265 Battle of Evesham

1266 Dictum of Kenilworth

1272 Death of Henry III

1282 Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

1296 Capture of Berwick

1307 Death of Edward I


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Coronation of King John

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey. .

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

On 24 Aug 1200 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (33) and Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) were married at Angoulême.

On 08 Oct 1200 Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

In 1205 Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 (33) and Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 (14) were married.

On 01 Oct 1207 Henry III King England 1207-1272 was born to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (40) and Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (19) at Winchester Castle, Winchester.

Around 1215 Reginald Braose 1182-1228 (32) and Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw 1194-1251 (20) were married.

In 1216 Richard Fitzroy 1190-1246 (26) was appointed Constable Wallingford Castle.

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle. His Son Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.
On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).
King John’s will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it.Translation of the will taken from an article by ProFessor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:
I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and detErmine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.
In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté”.
The signatories were:
Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 – 1227) Papal Legate
Peter des Roches (? – 1238), Bishop of Winchester
Richard le Poer (? – 1237), Bishop of Chichester
Sylvester of Worcester (? ����� 1218), Bishop of Worcester
Aimery de St-Maur (? - ?1219), Master of the English Templars
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70)
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (46)
William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (48)
William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer
Walter de Lacy (ca 1172–1241) Lord of Meath
John: (1182 – 1248) Lord of Monmouth
Savaric de Mauléon (? – 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205
Falkes de Bréauté (? – 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri 1150-1227 (66) presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester -1218 and Simon Apulia Bishop Exeter -1223 anointed the King.The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.

In 1219 John "Tadody aka Fatherless" Braose 1197-1232 (22) and Margred verch Llewellyn Aberffraw Baroness Clifford -1268 were married.

1220. Letter VIII. Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 to her son Henry III King England 1207-1272. 1220. Letter VIII. Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (32) to her son Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12).
To her dearest son Henry, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, earl of Anjou, Isabella, by the same grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, countess of Anjou and Angoulême, sends health and her maternal benediction.
We hereby signify to you that when the Hugh Lusignan IX Count Lusignan 1163-1219 and Raoul Lusignan Count Eu 1160-1219 departed this life, the lord Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche 1183-1249 (37) remained alone and without heirs in Poitou, and his friends would not permit that our daughter should be united to him in marriage, because her age is so tender, but counselled him to take a wife from whom he might speedily hope for an heir; and it was proposed that he should take a wife in France, which if he had done, all your land in Poitou and Gascony would be lost. We, therefore, seeing the great peril that might accrue if that marriage should take place, when our counsellors could give us no advice, ourselves married the said Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche 1183-1249 (37); and God knows that we did this rather for your benefit than our own. Wherefore we entreat you, as our dear son, that this thing may be pleasing to you, seeing it conduces greatly to the profit of you and yours; and we earnestly pray you that you will restore to him his lawful right, that is Niort, the castles of Exeter Castle, Exeter and Rockingham Castle, Rockingham, Corby, and 3500 marks, which your John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216, bequeathed to us; and so, if it please you, deal with him, who is so powerful, that he may not remain against you, since he can serve you well — for he is wdl-disposed to serve you faithfully with all his power; and we are certain and undertake that he shall serve you well if you will restore to him his rights, and, therefore, we advise that you take opportune counsel on these matters; and, when it shall please you, you may send for our daughter, your sister, by a trusty messenger and your letters patent, and we will send her to you.

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury 1150-1228 (70) presided.

On 21 Jun 1221 Alexander II King Scotland 1198-1249 (22) and Joan Plantagenet 1210-1238 (10) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin). Joan Plantagenet 1210-1238 (10) by marriage as Queen Consort Scotland.

Around 1222 John Dunkeld 9th Earl Huntingdon 7th Earl Chester 1207-1237 (15) and Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw Countess Huntingdon, Countess Mar 1218-1253 (4) were married.

On 23 Apr 1224 William "The Younger" Marshal 2nd Earl Pembroke 1190-1231 (34) and Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 (9) were married. Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 (9) by marriage Countess Pembroke (2C 1199).

In 1225 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (15) was created 1st Earl Cornwall (4C 1225).

1225. Letter X. Berengaria of Navarre Queen Consort England 1165-1230 to Henry III King England 1207-1272. 1225. Letter X. Berengaria of Navarre Queen Consort England 1165-1230 (60) to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (17).
To her lord and dearest nephew Henry, by God's grace illustrious king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, Berengaria, by the same grace formerly the humble queen of England, wishes health and prosperous success to his utmost desires.
We requested you by our letters patent, sent to you by Friar Walter de Persona, our chaplain of the Cistercian order, that you would send to us by the said Friar Walter and Master Simon, our clerks, 1000 marks sterling, which you owe us at this feast of All Saints, according to the composition of our dowry solemnly drawn out between us and you. But since the said Master Simon, being detained by sickness, cannot come over to you, we send in his stead our servant Martin, the bearer of these presents, earnestly requesting you to send us the thousand marks by the said Friar Walter, and by this Martin, or by one of them, if by any chance imPediment both cannot come to you. In testimony of which we send you our present letters patent. Given at Mans, the Sunday next before the Feast of the Apostles Simon and Jade/ in the month of October, the year of our Lord 1226.

In 1227 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (19) gave Abbot's Wood, Forest of Dean to Flaxley Abbey, Forest of Dean.

Around 1230 Ralph Mortimer 1190-1246 (39) and Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw 1194-1251 (35) were married.

In 1232 Ednyfed "Fychan aka Younger" Tudor 1170-1246 (62) represented Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 (60) at a meeting with Henry III King England 1207-1272 (24).

On 22 Sep 1232 John Cornwall 1232-1232 died at Marlow. He was buried at Reading Abbey, Reading.

Battle of Monmouth

On 25 Nov 1233 the Battle of Monmouth was fought between supporters of the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (26), commanded by Baldwin Guines III Count Guînes 1200-1244 (33), and rebels opposed to the influence of Poitevins and Lusignans; the Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche 1183-1249 (50) faction. The rebels were commanded by Richard Marshal 3rd Earl Pembroke 1191-1234 (42). Battle is somewhat of an over-statement. Richard Marshal 3rd Earl Pembroke 1191-1234 (42) and his men were riding to to reconnoitre the town. Baldwin Guines III Count Guînes 1200-1244 (33) and his forces, who were in the town, decided attack was the best form defence. Marshal's men appear to have suffered in retreat although Marshal escaped.
John Monmouth 1182-1248 (51) took control of Monmouth, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales following the battle.

On 06 Oct 1234 Isabel Cornwall 1233-1234 (1) died at Marlow.

On 20 Jul 1235 Frederick I King Jerusalem, II Holy Roman Emperor 1194-1250 (40) and Isabella Plantagenet 1214-1241 (21) were married at Worms Cathedral, Worms.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral by Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury 1174-1240 (61).

Chronica Majora: The ceremonies at the marriage of Henry the Third. 14 Jan 1236. There were assembled at the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) nuptial festivities such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of religious men, such crowds of the populace, and such a variety of actors, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The whole city was ornamented with flags and banners, chaplets and hangings, candles and lamps, and with wonderful devices and extraordinary representations, and all the roads were cleansed from mud and dirt, sticks, and everything offensive. The citizens, too, went out to meet the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and queen, dressed out in their ornaments, and vied with each other in trying the speed of their horses. On the same day, when they left the city for Westminster, to perform the duties of butler to the king (which office belonged to them by right of old, at the coronation), they proceeded thither dressed in silk garments, with mantles worked in gold, and with costly changes of raiment, mounted on valuable horses, glittering with new bits and saddles, and riding in troops arranged in order. They carried with them three hundred and sixty gold and silver cups, preceded by the king's trumpeters and with horns sounding, so that such a wonderful novelty struck all who beheld it with astonishment. The Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury 1174-1240 (61), by the right especially belonging to him, performed the duty of crowning, with the usual solemnities, the Roger Niger Bishop -1241 assisting him as a dean, the other bishops taking their stations according to their rank. In the same way all the abbats, at the head of whom, as was his right, was the abbat of St. Alban's (for as the Protomartyr of England, B. Alban, was the chief of all the martyrs of England, so also was his abbat the chief of all the abbats in rank and dignity), as the authentic privileges of that church set forth. The nobles, too, performed the duties, which, by ancient right and custom, pertained to them at the coronations of kings. In like manner some of the inhabitants of certain cities discharged certain duties which belonged to them by right of their ancestors. The John Dunkeld 9th Earl Huntingdon 7th Earl Chester 1207-1237 (29) carried the Sword of Sword of St. Edward aka Curtana, before the king, as a sign that he was earl of the palace, and had by right the power of restraining the king if he should commit an error. The earl was attended by the John Lacy 2nd Earl Lincoln 1192-1240 (44), and kept the people away with a wand when they pressed forward in a disorderly way. The Gilbert Marshal 4th Earl Pembroke 1197-1241 (39), carried a wand before the king and cleared the way before him both, in the church and in the banquet-hall, and arranged the banquet and the guests at table. The Warden of the Cinque Ports carried the pall over the king, supported by four spears, but the claim to this duty was not altogether undisputed. The Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (28) supplied the king with water in basins to wash before his meal; the William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey -1240 performed the duty of king's Cupbearer, supplying the place of the Hugh Daubigny 5th Earl Lincoln, 5th Earl Arundel -1243, because the latter was a youth and not as yet made a belted knight. Michael Belet was butler ex officio; the Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (32) performed the duties of Earl Marshal, and William Beauchamp 1185-1260 (51) held the station of almoner. The justiciary of the forests arranged the drinking cups on the table at the king's right hand, although he met with some opposition, which however fell to the ground. The citizens of London passed the wine about in all directions, in costly cups, and those of Winchester superintended the cooking of the feast; the rest, according to the ancient statutes, filled their separate stations, or made their claims to do so. And in order that the nuptial festivities might not be clouded by any disputes, saving the right of any one, many things were put up with for the time which they left for decision at a more favourable opportunity. The office of chancellor of England, and all the offices connected with the king, are ordained and assized in the Exchequer. Therefore the chancellor, the chamberlain, the marshal, and the constable, by right of their office, took their seats there, as also did the barons, according to the date of their creation, in the city of London, whereby they each knew his own place. The ceremony was splendid, with the gay dresses of the clergy and knights who were present. The Richard of Barking -1246 sprinkled the holy water, and the treasurer, acting the part of sub-dean, carried the Paten. Why should I describe all those persons who reverently ministered in the church to God as was their duty? Why describe the abundance of meats and dishes on the table & the quantity of venison, the variety of fish, the joyous sounds of the glee-men, and the gaiety of the waiters? Whatever the world could afford to create pleasure and magniiicence was there brought together from every quarter.
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Chronica Majora: A messenger arrives in England from the emperor. 11 Feb 1236. When the nuptial rejoicings were concluded, the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) left London and went to Merton, where he summoned the nobles to hear a message lately brought from the emperor, and to discuss the business of the kingdom. For messengers had come direct from the emperor to the king with letters, asking him without delay to send his brother Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (27), whose circumspect skill report had spread far and wide, to make war on the king of the French. He also promised, by way of assistance, to send all the Imperial forces, especially in order to enable the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) not only to recover his continental possessions, but also, when they were regained, to extend his former possessions. To this, the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and the nobles there assembled, after due deliberation, replied that it would not be safe or prudent to send one so young out of the kingdom and to expose him to the doubtful chances and dangers of war, since he was the only apparent heir of the king and kingdom, and the hopes of all were centred in him next to the king. For the king, although he was married, had no children, and the Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) was still young, and did not know whether she was fruitful or barren. But if it was agreeable to his excellency the emperor to summon any other brave man he chose, from amongst the nobles of the kingdom, for the purpose, they, the king, and all his friends and subjects, in accordance with his request, would at once render him all the assistance in their power. The messengers, on receiving this reply, retiu'ned to inform their lord.

Chronica Majora: Certain new laws made by Henry the Third.. 12 Feb 1236. About the same time, Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28), for the salvation of his soul and the improvement of his kingdom, influenced by a spirit of justice and piety, made some new laws, and ordered them to be inviolably observed throughout his kingdom.
In the first place with respect to widows, who, after the death of their husbands were deprived of their dowry, or could not hold it and their quarentin without a plea, it was decreed, that whoever should deforce them from their dowry, from the tenements of which their husbands died possessed, and the widows should afterwards recover their dowry by plea, and the deforcing party shall be conNdcted of unjust deforcement, they shall make the damages good to the said widows, to the fall value of the dowry falling to them, from the time of the decease of their husbands to the day on which they recovered possession by judgment, and nevertheless the deforcers themselves shall be at the king's mercy. Also, all widows shall henceforth be at liberty to bequeath all the com on their land, as well from their dowries, as from other lands and tenements, saving the services which are due to their lords from their dowries and other tenements. Also, whoever shall have been disseised from his free tenement, and shall have recovered possession by assize of a new disseisin before the justiciaries, or shall have made a disseisin with their cognizance, and when disseised shall have held possession through the sheriff, if the said disseisers shall have disseised them after the circuit of the justiciaries or during the same, and shall be convicted thereof, they shall be taken and detained in a prison of our lord the king, until by him they are liberated, either by ransom or in any other manner. And the following is the form of conviction to be observed with regard to them : When the complainants come to the court, they shall have a brief from the king directed to the sheriff, in which shall be contained their evidence of the disseisin made on disseisin, and therein the sheriff shall be ordered to take with him the overseers of the pleas of the crown, and other legal officers, and to go in person to the tenement or pasture about which the complaint has been made, and in their presence, by jurors first, and by other neighbours and liege men, to make a careful inquisition in the matter, and if they shall discover it to be disseised as above mentioned, then they shall proceed according to the provisions before declared, but if not, then the complainants shall be at the mercy of the king, and the other party shall go away quit. The same shall be done in the case of those who recover possession by assize of the death of their predecessor ; the same also shall be done in the case of all tenements recovered by juries in the king's court. Also, whereas several of the nobles of England have enfeoffed knights and their free tenants of small tenements in their manors, and have com- plained that they cannot effect their conveniency as regarded the residue of their manors, as of wastes, woods, and pastures, so that the feoffees might have sufficient as was proper according to their tenements, it was provided and granted, that feoffees of this kind, from whomsoever they should hereafter bring an assize of a new disseisin, if before the justiciaries it shall be proved that they have sufficient pasturage, in proportion to their tenement, together with free ingress and egress from their tenements to that pasture, they shall be content with the same, and those of whom such com- plaint has been made shall be satisfied with having effected their will in the matter of their waste lands, woods, and pastures ; but if they say that they have not sufficient pasture or sufficient ingress and egress, then the truth shall be inquired into by assize. And if it is discovered by assize that there was any obstruction in the ingress or egress, or that the pasture was not sufficient, as aforesaid, then he shall receive possession after inspection by the jurors, so that at their discretion and on their oaths, the complainants may have sufficient pasture and free ingress and egress, in the form above stated. And the disseisers shall remain at the mercy of the king, and shall pay damages, as they used to be paid before this provision ; but if it shall be found by assize that the complainants have sufficient pasture and free ingress and egress, as aforesaid, then the other party shall be allowed to do what is right with the residue, and shall depart quietly. It is also granted by our lord the king, with the consent of the nobles, that from this time, interest shall not accumulate against a minor from the time of the decease of his predecessor, whose heir he is, till he lawfully comes of age ; but that on this account the payment of the principal shall not be delayed. Also, with respect to those who commit offences in parks and warrens, a discussion was entered upon, but not decided, for the nobles demanded to have each his own prison for offenders they might take in their parks and war- rens ; but this the king would not grant them, and therefore this remains as formerly.

Around Sep 1236 Jordan Hohenstaufen 1236-1236 died.

In 1237 Agnes Hohenstaufen 1237-1237 died.

On 02 Feb 1237 Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 (46) died at Abergwyngregyn, Bangor, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

In 1238 Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (30) and Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 (23) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Westminster Palace. Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 (23) by marriage Countess Leicester (1C 1107).

On 04 Mar 1238 Joan Plantagenet 1210-1238 (27) died at Havering-atte-Bower. She was buried at Tarrant Abbey.

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (16) at Westminster Palace.

In 1240 Aymer Lusignan Bishop Winchester 1222-1250 (18) was appointed Bishop Winchester.

In 1240 Dafydd ap Llewellyn Aberffraw Prince Wales 1212-1246 (27) was created as Prince Wales. Isabella "Lady of Snowdon" Braose Princess Wales 1222-1248 (18) by marriage Princess Wales.

On 17 Jan 1240 Nicholas Cornwall 1240-1240 died at Berkhamstead Castle, Berkhamstead. He was buried with his mother at Beaulieu Abbey, Beaulieu.

On 29 Sep 1240 Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (32) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (17) at Windsor Castle.

On 01 Dec 1241 Isabella Plantagenet 1214-1241 (27) died at Foggia. She was buried at Andria Cathedral, Andria.

On 24 Jun 1242 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (34) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (19) at Bordeaux.

Battle of Taillebourg

On 21 Jul 1242 the forces of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (34) and Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angoulême 1221-1250 (21) fought against the forces of at Louis IX King France 1214-1270 (28) and his brother Alphonse Capet Count Poitou, II Count Toulose 1220-1271 (21) at Taillebourg during the Battle of Taillebourg.The battle was a decisive victory for the French.Henry thereafter signed a five-year truce with the French.

In 1243 Raymond Rouerge VII Count Toulose 1197-1249 (45) and Margaret Lusignan Count Toulose 1226-1288 (17) were married (he was her Second-Cousin Once-Removed). Margaret Lusignan Count Toulose 1226-1288 (17) by marriage Count Toulose.

On 01 Mar 1244 Gruffydd ap Llewellyn Aberffraw 1198-1244 (46) died at Tower of London.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (37) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (22) at City of London.

On 25 Feb 1246 Dafydd ap Llewellyn Aberffraw Prince Wales 1212-1246 (33) died at Abergwyngregyn, Bangor, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

On Jun 1246 Richard Fitzroy 1190-1246 (56) died.

On 04 Jun 1246 Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (58) died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

On 15 Aug 1246 Unnamed Son Cornwall 1246-1246 died.

In 1247 Maurice Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1218-1281 (28) and Isabella Plantagenet Baroness Berkeley were married.

In 1247 William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 was created 1st Earl Pembroke (3C 1247). Joan Munchensi Countess Pembroke 1230-1307 (17) by marriage Countess Pembroke (3C 1247).

In 1249 Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 (10) and Mary or Marie Lusignan Countess Derby 1242-1266 (7) were married.

In 1250 Agnes Valence -1250 died.

On 06 Apr 1250 Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angoulême 1221-1250 (29) died. His Son Hugh Lusignan XII Count Lusignan, VII Count La Marche, III Count Angoulême 1235-1270 (15) succeeded XII Count Lusignan, VII Count La Marche, III Count Angoulême.

On 05 Dec 1250 Aymer Lusignan Bishop Winchester 1222-1250 (28) died at Paris.

In 1251 Joanna Montfort 1248-1251 (3) died at Bordeaux.

In 1251 Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw 1194-1251 (56) died at Windsor.

On 26 Dec 1251 Alexander III King Scotland 1241-1286 (10) and Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 (11) were married at York Minster, York.

In 1252 Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (37) was pardoned by Henry III King England 1207-1272 (44).

In 1253 Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (9) and Alice or Alix Lusignan Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1236-1290 (16) were married.

In 1253 Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw Countess Huntingdon, Countess Mar 1218-1253 (35) died.

On May 1253 Henry Otto Hohenstaufen 1238-1253 (15) died.

On 25 Nov 1253 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (46) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (30) at Westminster Palace.

13 Feb 1254. Letter XII. Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 and Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 to Henry III King England 1207-1272. 13 Feb 1254. Letter XII. Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (31) and Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (45) to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (46).
To their most excellent lord, the lord Henry, by God's grace the illustrious king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, his most devoted consort Eleanora, by the same grace queen of England, and his devoted and faithful Richard earl of Cornwall, send health with all reverence and honour.
Be it known to your revered lordship that the lords the Roger Bigod 4th Earl Norfolk 1209-1270 (45) and John Balliol 1207-1268 (46), being hindered at sea by a contrary wind during twelve days, came to us in England on the Wednesday after the Purification of Blessed Mary last past.
We had been treating with your prelates and the magnates of your kingdom of England before the advent of the said Earl and John, on the quinzaines of St. Hilary last past about your subsidy, and after the arrival of the said Earl and John, with certain of the aforesaid prelates and magnates, the archbishops and bishops answered us that if the Alfonso X King Castile, X King Leon 1221-1284 (32) should come against you in Gascony each of them would assist you from his own property, so that you would be under perpetual obli gations to them; but with regard to granting you an aid from their clergy, they could do nothing without the assent of the said clergy; nor do they believe that their clergy can be induced to give you any help, unless the tenth of clerical goods granted to you for the first year of the crusade, which should begin in the present year, might be relaxed at once by your letters patent, and the collection of the said tenth for the said crusade, for the two following years, might be put in respite up to the term of two years before your passage to the Holy Land; and they will give diligence and treat with the clergy submitted to them, to induce them to assist you according to that form with a tenth of their benefices, in case the King of Castile should attack you in Gascony; but at the departure of the bearer of these presents no subsidy had as yet been granted by the aforesaid clergy. Moreover, as we have elsewhere signified to you, if the King of Castile should come against you in Gascony, all the earls and barons of your kingdom, who are able to cross the sea, will come to you in Gascony, with all their power; but from the other laymen who do not sail over to you we do not think that we can obtain any help for your use, unless you write to your lieutenants in England firmly to maintain your great charters of liberties, and to let this be distinctly perceived by your letters to each sheriff of your kingdom, and publicly proclaimed through each county of the said kingdom; since, by this means, they would be more strongly animated cheerfully to grant you aid; for many persons complain that the aforesaid charters are not kept by your sheriffs and other bailiffs as they ought to be kept. Be it known, therefore, to your lordship, that we shall hold a conference with the aforesaid clergy and laity at Westminster, in the quinzaines of Passover next, about the aforesaid aid, and we supplicate your lordship that you will write us your good pleasure concerning these affairs with the utmost possible haste. For you will find us prepared and devoted, according to our power, to solicit the aforesaid aid for your use, and to do and procure all other things . . . .* which can contribute to your convenience and the increase of your honour. Given at Windsor Castle, the 13th of February, in the thirty-eighth year of your reign.

On 09 Feb 1256 Alice Lusignan Countess Surrey 1224-1256 (32) died.

On 03 May 1257 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 (3) died at Swallowfield. She buried in the Ambulatory, Chancel, Westminster Abbey.

1258. Letter XIV. Lady Havisia de Neville to her Son, Hugh de Neville. 1258. Letter XIV. Hawise Courtenay 1220-1269 (38) to her Son, Hugh Neville of Hallingbury & Wethersfield
Havisia de Neville to her very dear son, Hugh de Neville, wishes health and the blessing of God and her own.
Know, dear son that I am well and hearty thanks to Grod, and am much rejoiced at the news that William Fitz Simon brought me of your health. God be thanked for it! Know, dear son, that our necessities of receiving the returns from your lands can avail nothing, on account of the great rule your adversary has in the king's court, unless you yourself were present. Wherefore your father-in-law and I, and all your other friends, agree that you should come to England, and we pray and entreat you, by the faith and love that you owe us, that you will not by any means fail in this; since you ought once again to return. For we know well that it would be a very great dishonour, and we consider it a great sin, to suffer us and ours to be disinherited by your indolence. !Therefore I anxiously pray you, dear son, that you will travel with all possible haste, and also, according to the counsel of all your friends, that you go to the court of Rome, and procure if you can the letter of the pope, express and stringent, to the Henry III King England 1207-1272 (50), that he should restore your lands, and have them restored. And that you may make a proper understanding at the court of all our needs, without omitting or concealing anything; that is, how you are placed with the king, and that you are compelled by a writing to hold the obligation (word missing in original), without contradiction and without ever making an acquisition to the contrary. For wise persons have said the acquisition would be worth nothing, unless it made express mention of this, that it was through no fault of yours that you made this the aforesaid obligation when in war, and through fear of prison. And know, good son, that the first acquisition you got at Rome for our lands was not such as you understood, for it was only a loving petition for your rights of the money which you ought to have had of the crusade allowance. The legate, thanks to him, has granted us that he would let us have it if we could espy out where it is, but we have not as yet found any, except what is in the hands of such as themselves would wish to go into the Holy Land; but as much as we may be able to acquire, now or henceforth, between this and St. John's day, we will then send you by the messengers of the Temple, who will bring their own money. And for God's sake, good son, guard against making such an obligation as you have made for Sir Ingelram de Umfranville; for I was grieved that it was proper to have it paid from our own demesne. And good, sweet, dear son, X anxiously pray you that you will send us word how much money you have really had by my command, for the thing is not in my power, for I could never spy a man who went to that part, that I might send you letters, which weighs no little upon me. For if it could be that I could often have good news of you, and comfort you again often by my messages, there would be nothing that could more rejoice me except it were to see and speak to you. And know, dear son, that my heart is grieved and alarmed day and night, since William Fitz Simon brought me news that you were so poorly provided with money; but God who is Almighty, if it please him, give you speedy amendment, and I will do it to my utmost power. Dear son, I pray you not to trust too much to the money of the crusade allowance, for they say that more great lords of England will take the cross; and they will take away as much as shall be raised for the crusade, as certain friends have given me to know. But do not ever cease, as you dearly love me, for no waiting for money, to borrow all the money that you can, and to go to the court of Rome to acquire for our necessities, and to hasten to come to England io accomplish our needs. For I hope, by the help of God, if you could well accomplish what you have to do about the acquisition of our lands, that you will see such change* in England, that never in our time could you have better accomplished your wish, or more to your honour. Wherefore cease not to solicit again about your coming, since you can here best serve God. I con^mend you to the true body of God, who give you life and health. Sir Walter de la Hide, Joanna your sister, and all our household, salute you. And know, dear son, that my counsel is that you obtain the letters of request of the legate of that country, and the letters of the master of the Temple and of the Hospital, to the legate of England and to other rich men, for your needs, and in testimony of your deeds in that country on the occasion of your coming. And ever take care of your house that you have there, if God give you courage to return.

1258. Letter XIII. Matilda Prioress of the Convent of Barking to Henry III. 1258. Letter XIII. Maud de Leveland Prioress of the Convent of Barking to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (50).
To her most excellent lord Henry, by God's grace illustrious king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, Matilda, humble prioress of Barking, and of the convent of the same place, wishes health, with due reverence and honour, and the suflFrages of her prayers.
Since the lady our mother, venerable for her religion, the lady Christine de Boseham, late abbess of our house, did on the Monday next after the Feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, in the forty-third year of your reign, of her own good and spontaneous will, yield up the government of the said abbey, on account of the infirmity and debility of her body, and was absolved from it by our venerable father Fulk Basset Bishop London 1189-1259 (69), we now, being destitute of the solace of an abbess, send to you our beloved sisters and fellow-nuns, Roesia de Argentes, Joanna de Wantham, and Agnes Costentin, humbly and de voutly supplicating that the bowels of your compassion may be moved towards us, and that the condescension of your mercy will grant us permission to elect some other as our abbess, so that henceforth you may receive from the highest retributor a worthy reward, and we may be henceforth obligated more specially to ofier up the merited suflfrages of our prayers for you and yours. Given at Barking Abbey, Barking the Tuesday after the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, in the forty-third year of your reign.

Annals Dunstable 1260. 1260. In the year of grace 1260.Henry III King England 1207-1272 (52), son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216, etc

Original Latin Text:

Anno gratiae MCCLX. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (52), filius John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216, pace firmata cum rege Franciae, ibidem per longum tempus moram traxit; nec in Angliam redire curavit, donec episcopi et magnates Angliae ei literatorie mandaverunt quod reverti in Angliam properaret; quod si non faceret, ad placitum suum in Anglia non rediret. Quo audito, rex in se reversus, in Angliam rediit; sed quidam malitiosi falsis rumoribus inter patrem et filium suum Edwardum discordiam seminavervmt, asserentes quod dictus Edwardus et consiliarii sui guerram domino regi movere procurarunt; propter quod dominus rex supra modum iratus, multos milites de partibus transmarinis usque Londoniam secum adduxit; et eis ultra pontem dimissis in partibus Sureiae, ipse civitatem Londonise ingressus est, et ibi aliquandiu moram fecit, portis civitatis firmatis et seratis, apposuit custodes, ut nullus nisi ab eo licentiatus ingrederetur.
Comes vero Gloverni, et Johannes Maunsel, et quidam alii qui de concilio regis fuerunt, ad placitum suum ingressum et egressum habuerunt.
Rex vero proliibuit, ne filius suus Edwardus, nec aliquis qui de consilio suo extiterat, coram ipso venirent, dicens, "Coram me non appareat filius mens Edwardus, quia si eum videro, quin ipsum osculer me non cohibebo."
Tandem, amore paterno commotus, et magnatum precibus devictus, ipsum ad osculum pacis recepit, et regina mater sua similiter, quae, ut dicebatur, causa totius malitis extiterat.
Dum ista aguntur, quantos honores et quantas expensas, omnibus qui interesse voluerint, dominus Edwardus fecerit, lingua vix potest explicare.

On 22 Jan 1260 John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (21) and Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 (17) were married.

In 1264 Geoffrey Lusignan -1264 died.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20), Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56), his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60), Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55), John "Red" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33), John Balliol 1207-1268 (56), Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49), Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

Battle of Evesham

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57), led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26), supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21), Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) at the Battle of Evesham.
Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.
Adam Mohaut rescued the King.
Alan de Plunket de Kilpec -1299 fought for the King.
Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 (26) were killed.
Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 (34).
Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265 (31), Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1215-1265 (50), William Devereux 1219-1265 (46), Hugh Troyes -1265, Richard Trussel -1265, Peter Montfort 1205-1265 (60), William Mandeville -1265, William Crepping -1265, William Birmingham -1265, Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 (50) were killed. Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (30), Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265 (40), Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27), John Vesci -1289, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (21) were captured.
John Vesci -1289 was wounded and taken prisoner.

On 25 Oct 1265 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (20) was created 1st Earl Leicester (2C 1265).

Before 1266 Lorette Plantagenet 1228-1266 died.

In 1266 Richard Montfort -1266 died.

After 11 Jul 1266 Mary or Marie Lusignan Countess Derby 1242-1266 died.

Dictum of Kenilworth

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued.The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England 1207-1272 (59) and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle. The committee included:
Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280 (46)
Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279 (41)
Nicholas Ely Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester -1280
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (62)
Philip Basset 1184-1271 (82)
John Balliol 1207-1268 (58)
Robert Walerand
Alan Zouche 1203-1270 (63)
Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley 1190-1273 (76), and
Warin Bassingbourne
Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 (27) and Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (31) were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

In 1267 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (21) was created 1st Earl Lancaster.

After 1268 Margred verch Llewellyn Aberffraw Baroness Clifford -1268 died.

After 07 Apr 1269 Agatha Lusignan 1223-1269 died.

In 1270 Eustachie Lusignan -1270 died at Carthage.

On 08 Aug 1270 Margaret Hohenstaufen 1221-1270 (48) died.

On 09 Aug 1270 Richard de Dover Plantagenet 1220-1270 (50) died in Carthage.

After 25 Aug 1270 Hugh Lusignan XII Count Lusignan, VII Count La Marche, III Count Angoulême 1235-1270 died. His Son Hugh Lusignan XIII Count Lusignan, VIII Count La Marche, IV Count Angoulême 1259-1303 succeeded XIII Count Lusignan, VIII Count La Marche, IV Count Angoulême.

In 1271 Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 (30) died.

Battle of Evesham

On 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 (35) was murdered while attending mass at the Chiesa di San Silvestro, Viterbo, Lazio by his cousins Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (27) in revenge for the deaths of their Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 and Henry Montfort 1238-1265 at the Battle of Evesham. The deed is mentioned by Dante Alighieri some forty years after in the Divine Comedy who placed Guy de Montfort in the seventh circle of hell. Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 (35) was buried in Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe.

On 02 Apr 1272 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (63) died at Berkhamstead Castle, Berkhamstead. He was buried at Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe. His Son Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (22) succeeded 2nd Earl Cornwall (4C 1225). Margaret Clare Countess Cornwall by marriage Countess Cornwall (4C 1225).

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster. His Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1274 Geoffrey Lusignan -1274 died.

On 26 Feb 1275 Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 (34) died at Cupar Castle, Cupar. She was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

On 24 Mar 1275 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 (32) died at City of London. He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within.

On 13 Apr 1275 Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 (60) died at Montargis Abbey.

On Jan 1277 John Valence -1277 died.

Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

On 17 Jun 1282 the army of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) were ambushed by the Welsh at Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, South West Wales.
William "The Younger" Valence -1282 was killed.
Much of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) of 1600 men was destroyed.

On 19 Jun 1282 Eleanor Montfort Princess of Wales 1252-1282 (30) died in childbirth.

On 15 Dec 1286 William Warenne -1286 was killed in a tournament.

In 1288 Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (44) died.

In 1288 Guy Lusignan -1288 died.

In 1288 Margaret Lusignan Count Toulose 1226-1288 (62) died.

On May 1290 Alice or Alix Lusignan Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1236-1290 (54) died.

On 24 Jun 1291 Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (68) died at Amesbury.

1296 Capture of Berwick

On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (21) captured Berwick on Tweed from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (56). Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 (44) was killed during the course of the siege.'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred. So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon. . .

On 18 May 1296 William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 died.

On 05 Jun 1296 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (51) died at Bayonne. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His Son Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 2nd Earl Lancaster. Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (14) by marriage Countess Leicester (2C 1265), Earl Lancaster.

On 14 Jan 1299 Isabella Lusignan 1224-1299 (75) died.

In 1300 Amaury Montfort 1242-1300 (58) died at France.

In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29), whilst in France, painted a portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 (14) who was attached to the English Embassy at the time.

On 25 Sep 1300 Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (50) died. He was buried, heart and flesh, at Ashridge. His bones were interred at Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe during a service attended by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (61).

In 1304 Isabelle Lusignan 1248-1304 (56) died.

On 05 Oct 1305 Isabel Valence Baroness Bergavenny, Baroness Hastings -1305 died.

On 10 Nov 1305 Yolande Lusignan -1305 died.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. His Son King Edward II of England (23) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) had gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile.

On 23 Jun 1324 Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 11 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Kings Scotland: Great x 3 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais -1043

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem 1018-1076

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Queen Consort France

Great x 4 GrandFather: Simon Montfort 1025-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great x 3 GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

Great x 4 GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

Great x 4 GrandMother: Paula Maine

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir Count Maine

Great x 4 GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

Great GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandFather: King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Son of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 -2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

Great x 4 GrandMother: Herleva Falaise

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

Great x 4 GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adela Capet Duchess Normandy 1009-1079 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 Dunkeld Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093 Dunkeld Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040 Dunkeld Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown Queen Consort Scotland

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agatha Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine 1025-1086

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Great" Poitiers V Duke Aquitaine 969-1030

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnes Ivrea Duchess Aquitaine Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy Duchess Aquitaine 1056-1104

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Burgundy I Duke Burgundy 1011-1076

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem 1018-1076

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094

Great x 4 GrandFather: Pons Rouerge Margrave Provence 991-1061

Great x 4 GrandMother: Almodis La Marche Margrave Provence 1020-1071

Great x 3 GrandMother: Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda or Maud Montgomery -1085

Great GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

Great x 2 GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 2 GrandMother: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault 1079-1151

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard

Mother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202 Angoulême Arms

Great GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angoulême VI Count Angoulême -1179 Angoulême Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angoulême II Count Angoulême -1140 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Angoulême V Count Angoulême -1120 Angoulême Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulk Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1026-1089 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Vitapoy Benauges Count Angoulême

Great x 2 GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angoulême

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger "The Poitevin" Montgomery Viscount Hiemois 1065-1139

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mabel Belleme -1079

Great x 3 GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

Great x 4 GrandFather: Aldebert La Marche II Count La Marche

GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218 Courtenay Arms

Great GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183 Courtenay Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Amorous" I King France 1052-1108 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry I King France 1008-1060 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Anne Rurik Queen Consort France 1030-1075

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France 1055-1094

Great x 4 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing I Count Holland 1025-1061

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gertrude Billung Count Holland 1030-1113

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy 1065-1103

Great x 4 GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy II Count Savoy 1050-1080

Great x 3 GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea Count Savoy Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Ivrea I Count Burgundy 1020-1087 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ettiennette Unknown Count Burgundy

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Courtenay 1140-1205

Great x 2 GrandFather: Renaud Courtenay 1105-1164 Courtenay Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Miles Courtenay 1068-1127 Courtenay Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Joscelin Courtenay 1034-1075 Courtenay Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elisabeth Montlhéry

Great x 2 GrandMother: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189