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Biography of Henry IV King England 1367-1413

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1387 Battle of Radcot Bridge

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1398 Thomas Mowbray Duel

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Henry IV lands at Ravenspur

1399 Richard II Abdication

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1399 Epiphany Rising

1400 Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

1402 Battle of Homildon Hill

1402 Battle of Bryn Glas

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1413 Death of King Henry IV


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342).

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Reading Abbey, Reading. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) by marriage Countess Richmond (5C 1342). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) by marriage 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337).

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, the day after his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (22) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey.

On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (23) died at Tutbury Castle. Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar. She was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

On 23 Apr 1377 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (10) was appointed 62nd Knight Garter: Edward III.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Kenilworth Castle.

On 05 Feb 1381 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (13) were married (he was her Second-Cousin) at Arundel Castle, Arundel.

Peasant's Revolt

On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65).
Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Plymouth.

On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (19) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (18) at Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales.

On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was appointed Duke Cornwall.

On 03 Oct 1386 John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (47) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (16) were married. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (16) by marriage Duchess Brittany (1221 Dreux), Earl Richmond (1C 1136).

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married.

Battle of Radcot Bridge

On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (20) defeated the forces of Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) during the Battle of Radcot Bridge at Radcot. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) narrowly escaped.

In 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (8) and Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (14) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (14) by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

Before 30 Sep 1388 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 at City of London.

On 20 Jun 1389 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (22) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (21).

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (23) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (22).

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort-en-Vallée. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem.

In 1392 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate 1392-1409 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (24) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (24) at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough.

On 04 Jun 1394 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (27) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (26) at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough.

On 04 Jun 1394 Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (26) died in childbirth at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 by marriage Baroness Neville Raby (1C 1295).

In Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Irish Fleet, Constable Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.

On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset (2C 1397).

In May 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Northern Fleet.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed 87th Knight Garter: Richard II.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed Lieutenant Aquitaine.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

On 27 Feb 1398 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (23) was appointed Bishop Lincoln.

Thomas Mowbray Duel

Before 16 Sep 1398 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 reported to Richard II King England 1367-1400 that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 had made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule.Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Caludon, Coventry, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.

On 16 Sep 1398 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) spent the night at Baginton Castle,Bagington, the home of his friend William Bagot. Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) spent the night at his home Caludon Castle, Caludon, Coventry.

On 17 Sep 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30). Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) managed the proceedings.Just as the duel was to commence Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31) stopped it.After two hours of deliberation Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.

Before 1399 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 and Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 were married.

In 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) was appointed 93rd Knight Garter: Henry IV.

In 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (3C 1399).

In 1399 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was appointed 94th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir, Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) inheritance from him giving Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II. 15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (29) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32).
My most dear and redoubted lord,
I desire every day to be certified of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your heart desires and as I should wish it for myself. If it would please you to let me know of it, you would give me great rejoicings in my heart, for every time that I hear good news of you I am most perfectly glad at heart. And if to know tidings from this side would give you pleasure, when this was written my Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31), I, and our children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to our Lord, who by his grace ever grant you the same. I pray you, my dearest and most redoubted lord, that it would ever please you to have the affairs of my said lord well recommended, as well in reference to the deliverance of his lands as other things, which lands in your hands are the cause why he sends his people promptly towards you. So may it please you hereupon to provide him with your gracious remedy, in such manner that he may enjoy his said lands peaceably; even as he and I have our perfect surety and trust in you more than in any other. And let me know your good pleasure, and I will accomplish it willingly and with a good heart to my power.
My dearest and most redoubted lord, I pray the Holy Spirit that he will have you in his holy keeping.
Written at Vannes, the 15th day of March. The Duchess of Bretagne.

Henry IV lands at Ravenspur

On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (58) appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49), Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding with Thomas Rempston -1406.

Richard II Abdication

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle.

On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Around 1400 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (9) was appointed 96th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

In 1400 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (22) was appointed 98th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

In 1400 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10) was appointed 95th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married.

Epiphany Rising

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

After 07 Jan 1400. . Henry IV King England 1367-1413 Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400, and Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the Henry IV King England 1367-1413, contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

15 Feb 1400. Letter XXVIII. Joanna of Navarre afterwards Queen of Henry IV to her future Husband Henry IV. 15 Feb 1400. Letter XXVIII. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (30) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to her future Husband Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).
My very dear and most honourable lord and cousin, Since I am desirous to hear of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your noble heart knows best how to desire, and, indeed, as I would wish it for myself, I pray you, my most dear and honoured lord and cousin, that it would please you very often to let me know the certainty of it, for the very great joy and gladness of my heart; for every time that I can hear good news of you, it rejoices my heart very greatly. And if of your courtesy you would hear the same from across here, thanks to you, at the writing of these presents I and my children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to God who grant yon the same, as Johanna of Bayalen, who is going over to you, can tell you more fully, whom please it yon to have recommended in the business on which she is going over. And if anything that I can do over here will give you pleasure, I pray you to let me know it, and I will accomplish it with a very good heart, according to my power.
My dearest and most honoured lord and cousin, I pray the Holy Spirit to have you in his holy keeping.
Written at Vannes, the 15th day of February. Thb Duchess of Bretagne.

12 Nov 1400. Letter XXIX. The Prioress of Rowney to King Henry IV. 12 Nov 1400. Letter XXIX. The Prioress of Rowney to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (33).
To the most excellent prince and lord in Christy lord' Henry, by God's grace illustrous king of England and France, and lord of Ireland, his humble and devoted oratrice the prioress of Rowney sends the divine suffrages of prayers, with all sorts of reverence and honour;
By the tenor of these presents I certify to your royal highness that the sister Joanna Adeleshey, a nun of the order of St. Benedict, and notoriously proFessed in the same house, wanders and roams abroad from country to country, in a secular habit despising her vow of obedience to the grievous danger of her soul, and manifest scandal of her order, and pernicious example of others. May it therefore please your royal excellency of your royal clemency, hitherto ever gracious, to extend the secular arm for the capture of the said Joanna, to be chastised according to the rule of her order in a ease of this kind, lest for want of due chastisement a plant given up to divine culture may thus perish. And may He who gives to all kings to reign preserve your royal majesty in prosperity. Given at Rbwney, the 12th day of November, a.d. 1400.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

In Mar 1401. . Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (33) Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request "... the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church ...".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others."
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.

Before 01 Jun 1402 Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 and Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 were married (he was her Third-Cousin). Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 by marriage Countess Norfolk (3C 1312), Earl Nottingham (2C 1383).

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) at Knighton, Radnorshire, Welsh March, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (41) died from wounds.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) lay in wait at at Homildon Hill for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland.The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (44) fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh.By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43).
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

In 1403 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (28) was appointed Lord Chancellor.

1403. Letter XXX. Christine Dunbar Countess of March to Henry IV. 1403. Letter XXX. Christina Wyntoun to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35).
My most excellent and redoubted sovereign lord,
I recommend myself to you as entirely as terrestrial creature can think or devise to the crowned king of the world, humbly thanking you on my knees for the high favours and benefits that you have conferred upon me before this time, piously supplicating for your gracious continuance, and particularly for the gracious refreshment which you lately sent. May God reward you for it, since I cannot.
My most gracious lord, may it please you to know that George Dunbar 10th Earl March 1338-1420 (65) and I have been in such hardships and distress since we were banished from our country, that I am yet involved in heavy debt, from which without your gracious aid and succour I cannot deliver myself; and now the pestilence is so violent and severe where we are, that I am very fearful lest I shoald die in this great debt that I have incurred. And by no intreaty that we can make can we obtain sufferance from our enemies to retire to our fortress of Cockburnspath, there to wait till the mortality has ceased. And for this cause I humbly entreat your high royal majesty that you will be pleased to have me in remembrance when you shall find leisure, and help me, that by your gracious relief I may be freed from the debt which makes me sad. Besides this, my most redoubted and gracious lord, we suffer great enmity on account of the death of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38), which oftentimes is so heavy to my husband and his people, that they wish themselves dead, if they may not retire from this country, seeing that the people of the said Sir Henry Percy do nothing but hear comfortable news of you, in order then to do the malice that is in their hearts. And, my most gracious and sovereign lord, touching the capture of our people by those attending on the Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine 1390-1439 (13) deign to give credence to the bearer of this, and ordain such remedy as you please, according to what the said bearer shall tell you by word of mouth. And I pray most earnestly the ever-blessed God of Heaven to grant you a long life, with all increase of honour and joy, together with victory over yoar enemies; and after this mprtal life may he grant you the kingdom of glory. Amen.
Your humble oratrice, The Countess of March of Scotland.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her Third-Cousin) at Winchester. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31).
Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) was killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His Son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford (1C 1351), 7th Baron Stafford (1C 1299). Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Baroness Stafford (1C 1299).
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.

In 1404 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (31) was appointed Constable England.

On 19 Nov 1404 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (29) was appointed Bishop Winchester.

04 Nov 1405. Letter XXXI. Philippa Queen of Portugal to her brother Henry IV. 04 Nov 1405. Letter XXXI. Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (45) to her brother Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (38).
Most high and most puissant prince, my most supremely beloved brother.
I recommend myself to your high nobleness as humbly and entirely as I can or know how with all my entire heart, supremely desiring to hear and know often of your estate and health; and in special of the prosperity of your most genteel person, as good, pleasant, and joyous news as you yourself, most noble prince, could best devise, or in any manner desire, for your sovereign ease and comfort. And because I am certain that you would most willingly hear similar things from here, I signify to you that the king my sovereign lord, all my children, your own nephews, who wish always to be most humbly recommended to you, and I their mother, your own sister, at the making of these presents were all well and hearty of body, thanks to our Creator, who ever maintain you in honour and prosperity according to your desire.
Most high and puissant prince, my best beloved brother, please it you to know that by Mr. John Wiltshire, knight and ambassador of our cousin the John Fitzalan 13th Earl Arundel 1385-1421 (20), I am here informed how a sum of gold is yet owing to you by the said earl, which he pledged himself to pay you for the license which it pleased your gracious lordship to grant and give him in his nonage,, that he might marry according to his wish, and in whatever place he saw fitting to his estate. And since you know well, my supremely best-loved brother, that he is now married not after his own seeking but as by your commandment, in part at my instance, I therefore supplicate you, since you are so great and noble a prince, as entirely as I know how, that it will please you to quit claim to the said sum at this my request, in order that I, who am in part the cause of his marriage, may be the cause of the acquittal of the said sum. And if there be anything in these parts which might give you pleasure, may it please you to command and certify it to me, and I will do it to my utmost power without hypocrisy. So I pray our sovereign Lord Jesu ever to give you prosperity, plesaunce, and joy, and very long to endure. Written at the palace of Lisbon, the 4th day of November.
Your entire and loyal sister, P. de P.

Around 1406 Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 (14) died.

1406. Letter XXXII. Joanna Counters of Westmoreland to her brother Henry IV. 1406. Letter XXXII. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (27) to her brother Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (38).
Most high and puissant prince, and most excellent sovereign lord,
I recommend myself to your royal and high lordship in the most obedient manner which, with my whole, entire, and simple heart, I can most humbly do, as she who desires to know of you, and of your most noble estate and most perfect health, such prosperity as your royal and most honourable heart can desire. And may it please your high nobleness to understand that I write now to your royal presence in behalf of your loyal liege and esquire, Christopher Standith, who, as he has certified me, has been in your service in Wales every time you have been there against your enemies, and besides, in all your most honourable journeys since your coronation, in which he has expended the substance that he could acquire of his own and of his friends, in such wise that, whereas he and my well beloved his wife Margaret (daughter to Mr. Thomas Fleming, who was chancellor and servant during his life to my most honoured and redoubted lord your father, whom God assoil) kept house and establishment, they have left it, and the said Margaret is lodged very uncomfortably with her children, of whom she has many, having one or two every year; and all this on account of the great charge which her said husband has incurred and still incurs in your service; to whom, of your gracious goodness and gentleness, you have aforetime promised guerdon of his labour, whenever he should spy out [something] from which [he could have a living] of 40 marks or of 40 pounds. And, most puissant and excellent prince and my most sovereign lord, he is the youngest [and his father has dismissed him from] his service, and that merely because he and his wife married each other for downright love, without thinking this time [what they should have to live upon. Wherefore 1) entreat your most high and puissant lordship to consider that the said Margaret should dwell [in some suitable place, or else with the queen your wife, whom God protect; and that she is come to me trusting that my [intercession] might avail her with you. May it please you to be gracious lord to her and her said husband, and of your guerdon [assist them] to support in their persons poor gentility, that their affiance may turn to good effect for them, and to my honour, if it please you, by their finding succour from your royal and most excellent nobility^ on account of this my most effectual supplication.
Most high and puissant prince and most excellent sovereign lord, I pray God to grant you a most honourable and long life, and preserve you in his most excellent keeping, and give entire joy and gladness as much as your gentle and most noble heart would choose or desire. !Written at the Raby Castle, Raby. Your most humble and obedient subject, if it please you, J. DB W.

On 26 Oct 1406 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) was appointed Queen Consort Denmark.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway, King Denmark, King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married.

On 16 Jun 1407 John Armagnac IV Count Armagnac 1396-1450 (10) and Blanche Montfort Count Armagnac 1397-1418 (10) were married (he was her Second-Cousin).

On 28 Oct 1407 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (18) and Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) were married at Greystoke Castle, Greystoke. Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) by marriage Baroness Greystoke.

On 22 May 1409 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate 1392-1409 (17) died in childbirth at Haguenau.

Around 1410 John Grey 1387-1439 (23) and Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) were married. Constance Holland Countess Norfolk, Countess Nottingham 1387-1437 (23) by marriage Baroness Grey Ruthyn (1324).

On 16 Mar 1410 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral. His Son Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset (2C 1397).

On 05 Jul 1411 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (34) was created 1st Earl Dorset (2C 1411). Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413 (27) by marriage Countess Dorset (2C 1411).

1412. Letter XXXIII. Catherine Daughter of John of Gaunt Queen of Castile and Leon to her brother Henry IV. 1412. Letter XXXIII. Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (38), to her brother Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (44).
Most high and powerful Don Henry, by God's grace king of England and France, lord of Ireland, my most dear and beloved, and with all my heart, and with my entire mind, most cherished brother and lord, I, undoubted Queen of Castile and Leon, mother of the king and his guardian, and governor of his realms, send to recommend myself to your favour and benediction, and much to salute you as him, to whom I pray that God would give as much health and life with honour as you yourself desire.
Most dear and beloved brother and lord, I entreat that by all means, as continually as you can, you will certify and let me know of your health, and life, and good estate and of the Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (42) your companion, my dearest and best-loved sister; and of the Henry V King England 1386-1422 (25), and the other princes your sons, my dearest and best-loved nephews; by which you will do me most singular pleasure and honour, and it will be a thing which will greatly please me, since it ia one of the most principal things of this world at which my heart is most joyous and consoled. And since, dearest and best-loved brother and lord, I know well that you will be pleased with the same thing, I certify and let you know, that, at the time when this letter was written, the said John II King Castile 1405-1454 (6), your dearest and best-loved nephew, and I, and the infantas Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon 1401-1458 (10) and Donna Catalina my daughters, your dearest and best-loved nieces, are well, and in good disposition of our persons; praise to God, who thus grant us to continue, and by his same grace grant it to you at all times.
Moreover, dearest and best-loved brother and lord, we give you to know that, having seen your writing which you sent me by John de Samora, your messenger, and understood its contents, whereas I find there how you complain that the truce was past some days before a prolongation was fixed for another following year, according as he will make relation to you. About this, and, moreover, about the coming of your ambassadors, who should come to join themselves with those whom the king my son should send, to see and detErmine upon the damage and mischief which those who are injured have received of their own goods, f send to you the said John de Samora, who will speak of some things that he will have to say to you from me, and of others which have been already confirmed in my name, which he will tell you. Wherefore, dearest and best-beloved brother and lord, I request you that it would please you to give faith and credence to the things that he will say to you on my part in this matter. Dearest and best-loved brother and lord, may the Holy Trinity ever have you in his holy keeping! Written in the city of Valladolid, the 30th day of July. I THE Queen.

In 1412 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was created 1st Duke Clarence (2C 1412). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (27) by marriage Duchess Clarence (2C 1412).

After 1412. Letter XXXIV. Joanna de Kynnesley to King Henry IV. After 1412. Letter XXXIV. Joanna de Kynnesley to Henry IV King England 1367-1413.
Supplicates most humbly a poor and simple woman, Joanna de Kynnesley; that whereas John de Kynnesley, her husband, by hate and malice, was put in prison within the Norwich Castle, where he has long lain through false suggestions, that it would please your most gracious lordship, for the love of God, and for the souls of your most noble faher and mother, whom God assoil, to grant and give to your said suppliant your gracious letters, sealed under your seal, made in due form, directed to the sheriff of the county of Norfolk, charging and straitly commanding him to deliver up the body of the said John out of prison, that he may go at large, to an swer before your royalty, in case any one should accuse him; and she will pray God for you and for your progenitors for ever.

On 12 Jan 1412 John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (20) and Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) were married. Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (12) by marriage Countess Norfolk (3C 1312), Earl Nottingham (2C 1383).

In 1413 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (17) was appointed 125th Knight Garter: Henry V.

In 1413 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (35) was appointed Lieutenant Aquitaine.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His Son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel, Canterbury Cathedral of Canterbury Cathedral.

22 May 1441. Letter XXXVI. Constance Lady Hussey to King Henry IV. 22 May 1441. Letter XXXVI. Constance Lady Hussey to Henry IV King England 1367-1413.
To the king our sovereign lord,
Beseecheth meekly your humble and continual oratrice Dame Constance, the wife of Henry Hussey 1361-1409, the which was menial servant with the most worthy and Christian king your father, whose soul God assoil, and continued in his service as well beyond the sea as on this side the sea all the times of his noble reign, without any fee or reward; that whereas your said oratrice continued in the service of the noble princess your grandame, whose soul God assoil, as well in the time of your full noble father and ayeul (grandfather) as in yours, unto the time of his dying, in recompense of which service it liked the queen your said grandame, of her grace special, for the term of her life, to grant by her gracious letters patent unto your said oratrice 20/. yearly, to be taken of the issues and profits of the manor of Kingsthorp, in the county of Northampton; and also in likewise 100^. yearly, to be taken of the issues and profits of the manor of Odiham, in the county of Southampton, as in the said letters patent openly appeareth; that it please you of your especial grace tenderly to consider the long service of the said Sir Henry and Dame Constance, that they never had other fee nor reward than the said 25/., the which is now ceased by the death of your said grandame, and thereupon to grant unto your said oratrice, by your several letters patents, the said 25/. in like form as she had it, term of her life, yearly to be taken of the issues and profits of the manors abovesaid. And your said oratrice shall pray God continually for you. Beneath is written — "The Chamberlain of England. My lord hath granted this bill; notwithstanding that it was signed with his ow^n hand, yet he commanded me to endorse it.".

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster Abbey, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 wife to Henry V King England 1386-1422 and daughter to Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV King England 1367-1413 in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532 (59), Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61), the bps of Richard Fitzjames Bishop -1522 and John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (39), Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66), Treasurer General, George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (41), Steward of the House, Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, John Yonge Master of the Rolls 1465-1516 (44), Master of the Rolls, Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Richard Empson 1450-1510 (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his conFessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (13) the King's daughter with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1735. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The Interior of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532.

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43).Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Maud Saye 1155-1222

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999

Kings England: Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 4 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Countess Flanders 1202-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 4 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 4 GrandMother: Erminsende Namur Count Bar 1186-1247

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 4 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242 Capet Arms

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen V of Hungary 1239-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cuman

Mother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 Chaworth Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283 Chaworth Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1218-1258 Chaworth Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 1215-1268 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Fitzpeter 1205-1258

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabel Bigod 1212-1250 Bigod Arms

GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 4 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beaumont Arms

Great GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 3 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beaumont Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont 1227-1297 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: John de Brienne I King Jerusalem 1170-1237

Great x 4 GrandFather: Erard Brienne II Count Brienne -1191

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnès Montfaucon Count Brienne

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237 Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raoul Beaumont-Sarthe I Viscount 1172-1239 Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Beaumont-Sarthe I Viscount 1135-1199 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandMother: Lucie Aigle Viscountess

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes de La Flèche Flèche Viscountess

Great GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont 7 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn -1308 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn 2nd Earl Buchan 1217-1289

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Comyn Earl Buchan 1163-1233

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Buchan Countess Buchan 1184-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Quincy Countess Buchan 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger Quincy 2nd Earl Winchester 1195-1264

Great x 4 GrandMother: Helen Galloway Countess Winchester 4 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanna Latimer 1269-1320

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby 1251-1316

Great x 4 GrandFather: Walter Ledet 1230-1256

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermentrude Lisle 1228- Lisle Arms