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Biography of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
On 25 Jul 1137 Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (17) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (15) were married.
On 25 Dec 1137 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (15) was crowned Queen Consort Franks.
On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19); once conquered.
On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.
In Apr 1156 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (2) died at Wallingford Castle. He was buried at Reading Abbey, Reading at the feet of his great-grandfather King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.
On 02 Nov 1160 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 (5) and Margaret Capet 1157-1197 (3) were betrothed.
In 1164 Henry Blois I Count Champagne 1127-1181 (36) and Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (19) were married. Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (19) by marriage Count Champagne.
On 24 Dec 1166 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (44). He was given the nickname "Sans Terre", wihout land, or in English "Lackland" as a consequence of his being the youngest son.
Around 1168 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (1) was sent to live in Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon to be trained for the Church.
On 01 Feb 1168 Henry "Lion" Welf XII Duke Saxony, III Duke Bavaria 1129-1195 (39) and Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 (12) were married. Matilda Tuscany Duchess Bavaria, Duchess Saxony by marriage Duchess Bavaria, Duke Saxony.
In 1173 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 (21) was appointed Bishop Lincoln.
Before 17 Sep 1177 Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 and Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 were married. Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 by marriage Queen Consort Castile.
On 11 Jun 1183 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 (28) died at Castle of Martel clasping a ring his father had sent as a token of forgiveness. He was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen.
On 19 Aug 1186 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany 1158-1186 (27) died at Paris.
In 1189 Geoffrey Chateaudun III Count Perche -1202 and Matilda Welf Count Perche 1172-1204 (17) were married at Rouen. Matilda Welf Count Perche 1172-1204 (17) by marriage Count Perche.
Before May 1189 Maud or Matilda Plantagenet 1185-1189 died.
On 28 Jun 1189 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 (33) died at Brunswick. He was buried at Brunswick Cathedral, Brunswick.
On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present. He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. His heart was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen. His Son Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
On 29 Aug 1189 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (22) and Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (16) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin) at Marlborough Castle, Marlborough. John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (22) by marriage 3rd Earl Gloucester (1C 1121).
On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown.The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population.Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend.When some did a riot broke out, which spread.
In 1190 Lothar Welf 1174-1190 (16) died.
In 1191 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 (39) was appointed Archbishop York.
In 1192 Otto Hohenstaufen I Count Burgundy 1170-1200 (21) and Margaret Blois -1230 were married.
1192. Letter VI. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 to Pope Celestine. 1192. Letter VI. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (70) to Pope Celestine.
To the reverend father and lord Celestine, by God's grace highest pontiff, Eleanora the miserable, and I would I could add the commiserated, queen of England, duchess of Normandy, countess of Anjou, entreating him to shew himself a father of mercy to a miserable mother.
I am prevented, O holiest pope, by the great distance which parts us, from addressing you personally; yet I must bewail my grief a little, and who shall assist me to write my words?
I am all anxiety, internally and externally, whence my very words are full of grief. Without are fears, within contentions; nor have I a moment wherein to breathe freely from the tribulation of evils, and the grief occasioned by the troubles which ever find me out. I am all defiled with grief, and my bones cleave to my skin, for my flesh is wasted away. My years pass away in groanings, and 1 would they were altogether passed away. O that the whole blood of my body would now die, that the brain of my head and the marrow of my bones were so dissolved into tears that I might melt away in weeping ! My very bowels are torn away from me; I have lost the light of my eyes, the stafi^ of my old age : and, would God accede to my wishes, he would condemn me to perpetual blindness, that my wretched eyes might no longer behold the woes of my people. Who will grant me the boon of dying for thee, my son ? O mother of mercy ! look upon a mother so wretched; or if thy Son, the inexhausted fount of mercy, is avenging the sins of the mother on the son, let him exact vengeance from her who has alone sinned : let him punish me, the wicked one, and not amuse himself with the punishment of an innocent person. Let him who hath begun the task, who now bruises me, take away his hand and slay me; and this shall be my consolation, that, afflicting me with grief, he spares me not. O wretched me, yet pitied by none! why have I, the mistress of two kingdoms, the mother of two kings, reached the ignominy of a detested old age ?
My bowels are torn away, my very race is destroyed and passing away from me. The young king and the Earl of Bretagne sleep in the dust, and their most unhappy mother is compelled to live that she may be ever tortured with the memory of the dead. Two sons yet survived to my solace, who now survive only to distress me, a miserable and condemned creature : King Richard (34) is detained in bonds, and John (25), his brother, depopulates the captive's kingdom with the sword, and lays it waste with fire. In all things the Lord is become cruel towards me, and opposes me with a heavy hand. Truly his anger fights against me, when my very sons fight against each other, if, indeed, that can be called a fight in which one party languishes in bonds, and the other, adding grief to grief, tries, by cruel tyranny to usurp the exile's kingdom to himself.
O good Jesus! who will grant me thy protection, and hide me in hell itself till thy fury passes away, and till thy arrows whiqh are in me, by whose vehemence my very spirit is drunk up, shall cease ? I long for death, I am weary of life; and though I thus die incessantly, I yet desire to die more fally; I am reluctantly compelled to live, that my life may be the food of death and a means of torture. O happy ye who pass away by a fortunate abortion, without experiencing the waywardness of this life and the unexpected events of an uncertain condition ! What do I? why do I remain ? why do I wretched, delay? why do I not go, that I may see him whom my soul loves, bound in beggary and irons? as though, at such a time, a mother could forget the son of her womb ! Affection to their young softens tigers, nay, even the fiercer sorceresses.
Yet I fluctuate in doubt : for, if I go away, deserting my son's kingdom, which is laid waste on all sides with fierce hostility, it will in my absence be destitute of all counsel and solace; again, if I stay, I shall not see the face of my son, that face which I so long for. There will be none who will study to procure the liberation of my son, and, what 1 fear still more, the most delicate youth (34) will be tormented for an impossible quantity of money, and, impatient of so much affliction, will easily be brought to the agonies of death. Oh, impious, cruel, and dreadful tyrant ! who hast not feared to lay sacrilegious hands on the anointed of the Lord ! nor has the royal unction, nor the reverence due to a holy life, nor the fear of God, restrained thee from such inhumanity!
Yet the prince of the apostles still rules and reigns in the apostolic seat, and his judicial rigour is set up as a means of resort : this one thing remains, that you, O father, draw against these evildoers the sword of Peter, which for this purpose is set over people and kingdoms. The cross of Christ excels the eagles of Ceasar, the sword of Peter the sword of Constantine, and the apostolic seat is placed above the imperial power. Is your power of God or of men ? Has not the God of gods spoken to you by the Apostle Peter, that whatsoever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatsoever you loose on earth shall be loosed also in heaven? Wherefore, then, do you so long negligently, nay, cruelly, delay to free my son (34), or rather do not dare to do it ? You will, perhaps, say that this power is given to you over souls, not over bodies : be it so; it will certainly suffice me if you will bind their souls who hold my son bound in prison. It is your province to loose my son, unless the fear of God has given way to human fear. Restore my son to me, then, O man of God, if indeed thou art a man of God and not a man of blood; for know that, if thou art sluggish in the liberation of my son, from thy hand will the Most High require his blood. Alas, alas for us, when the chief shepherd has become a mercenary, when he flies from the face of the wolf, when he leaves the little sheep committed to him, or rather the elect ram, the leader of the Lord's flock, in the jaws of the bloody beast of prey! The good Shepherd instructs and informs other shepherds not to fly when they see the wolf coming, but to lay down their lives for the sheep. Save, therefore, I entreat thee, thine own soul, whilst, by urgent embassies, by salutary advice, by the thunders of excommunication, by general interdicts, by terrible sentences, thou endeavourest to procure the liberation, I will not say of thy sheep merely, but of thy son. Though late, you ought to give your life for him, for whom, as yet, you have refused to write or speak a single word. The Son of God, as testifies the prophet, came down from heaven that he might bring up them that were bound from the pit in which was no water. Now, would not that which was fitting for God to do become the servant of God ? My son is tormented in bonds, yet you go not down to him, nor send, nor are moved by the sorrow of Joseph. Christ sees this and is silent; yet at the last there shall be fearful retribution for those who do the work of God negligently. Ambassadors have been promised to us three times, but never sent; so that« to speak the truth, they are bound rather than sent. If my son were in prosperity, they would eagerly hasten at his lightest call, because they would expect rich handfuls for their embassy from his great munificence and the public profit of the kingdom. But what profit could be more glorious to them than to liberate a captive king, to restore peace to the people, quiet to the religious, and joy to all? Now, truly, the sons of Ephraim, who bent and sent forth the bow, have turned round in the day of battle; and in the time of distress when the wolf comes upon the prey, they are dumb dogs who either cannot or will not bark. Is this the promise you made me at the castle of Ralph with such protestations of favour and good faith ? What availed it to give words only to my simplicity, and to illude by a fond trust the wishes of the innocent ? So, in olden time, was King Ahab forbidden to make alliance with Ben-hadad, and we have heard the fatal issue of their mutual love.*^ A heavenly providence prospered the wars of Judas, John, and Simon, the Maccabsean brothers, under happy auspices; but when they sent an embassy to secure the friendship of the Romans, they lost the help of God, and, not once alone, but often was their venal intimacy cause of bitter regret.* You alone, who were my hope after God, and the trust of my people, force me to despair. Cursed be he who trusteth in man. Where is now my refuge?
Thou, O Lord my God. To thee, O Lord, who considerest my distress, are the eyes of thine handmaid lifted up. Thou, O King of kings and Lord of lords, look upon the face of thine Anointed, give empire to thy Son, and save the son of thine handmaid, nor visit upon him the crimes of his father or the wickedness of his mother!
We know by certain and public relation that the emperor, after the death of the Bishop of Liege (26) (whom he is said to have slain with a fiital sword, though wielded by a remote hand (42)), miserably imprisoned the Bishop of Ostia and four other provincials, the Bishop of Salerno, and the Archbishop of Treves; and the apostolic authority cannot deny that, to the perpetual prejudice of the Roman church, he has, in spite of embassies, supplications, and threats of the apostolic seat, taken possession of Sicily, which from the times of Constantine has been the patrimony of St. Peter. Yet with all this his fury is not yet turned away, but yet is his hand stretched forth. Fearful things he has already done, but worse are still certainly to be expected; for those who ought to be the Pillars of the church are swayed with reed-like lightness by every wind. Oh, would they but remember that it was through the negligence of Eli, the priest ministering in Shiloh, that the glory of the Lord passed away from Israel I. Nor is that a mere parable of the past, but of the present. For the Lord drove from Shiloh the tabernacle, his tabernacle, where he had dwelt amongst men, and gave their strength into captivity and , their beauty into the hands of the enemy.
It is imputed to your pusillanimity that the church is trampled upon, the faith perilled, liberty oppressed, deceit encouraged by patience, iniquity by impunity. Where is the promise of God when be said to his church, 'Thou shalt suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breasts of kings ? I will make thee the pride of ages, and a joy from generation to generation. Once the church, by its own strength, trod upon the necks of the proud and the lofty, and the laws of emperors obeyed the' sacred canons. But things are changed, and not only the canons, but the very formers of the canons, are restrained by base laws and execrable customs. The detestable crimes of the powerful are borne with. None dare murmur, and canonical rigour falls on the sins of the poor alone. Therefore, not without reason did Anachar^is the philosopher compare laws and canons to spiders' webs, which reti^in weaker animals but let the stronger go. ^* The kings of the earth have set themselves, and the rulers have taken counsel together/*^ against my son, the anointed of the Lord. One binds him in chains, another devastates his lands with cruel hostility, or, to use a vulgar phrase. One clips and another plunders; one holds the foot and another skins it. The highest pontiff sees these things, and yet bids the sword of Peter slumber in its scabbard; so he adds boldness to the sinner, his silence being presumed to indicate consent. He who corrects^ not when he can and ought seems even to consent, and his dissimulating patience shall not want the scruple of hidden companionship.'* The time of dissension predicted by the apostle draws on, when the son of perdition shall be revealed; dangerous times are at hand, when the seamless garment of Christ is cut, the net of Peter is broken, and the solidity of Catholic unity dissolved. These are the beginnings of sorrows. We feel bad things; we fear worse. I am no prophetess, nor the daughter of a prophet, but grief has suggested many things about future disturbances; yet it steals away the very words which it suggests. A sob intercepts my breath, and absorbing grief shutS' up by its anxieties the vocal passages of my soul. Farewell.
On 04 Feb 1194 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (36) was released from his captivity; his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (72) having brought the ransom of 100,000 pounds of silver. On release Philip V King France 1293-1322 is said to have sent a message to the future King John (27) "Look to yourself; the devil is loose".
On Oct 1196 Raymond Rouerge Marquess Provence 1156-1222 (39) and Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 (31) were married at Rouen.
In 1197 Alix Capet Count Blois 1150-1197 (46) died.
In 1197 Henry Blois II Count Champagne 1166-1197 (30) died.
In 1197 Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 (25) and Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 (18) were married (he was her First-Cousin Once-Removed). Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 (18) by marriage Queen Consort Leon.
On 11 Mar 1198 Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (53) died.
Before 06 Apr 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 had his marriage to Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 annulled due to consanuinity but more likely because John's new status mean't he had better prospects.
On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle, Domfront.During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was shot by a crossbow.The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (77). John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
On 04 Sep 1199 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 (33) died at Rouen. He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.
On 24 Aug 1200 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (33) and Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) were married at Angoulême.
On 24 May 1201 Theobald Blois 1179-1201 (22) died. His Son Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 succeeded IV Count Champagne.
On 01 Aug 1202 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (35) defeated the army of his nephew Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (15) and Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche 1183-1249 (19) which was besieging John's mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (80) at Mirebeau Castle, Mirebeau. John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (35) took Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (15) 's army by surprise capturing most. Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (15) and, probably, his sister Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (18), both of whom arguably had better claims to the throne than John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (35) were captured. .
In 1203 Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (16) was murdered at Rouen.
In 1204 Enguerrand Coucy III Lord Coucy 1182-1242 (22) and Matilda Welf Count Perche 1172-1204 (32) were married. Matilda Welf Count Perche 1172-1204 (32) by marriage Lord Coucy.
In 1204 Matilda Welf Count Perche 1172-1204 (32) died.
In 1204 Marie Blois Count Flanders -1204 died.
On 01 Apr 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (82) died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. .
In 1205 Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 (33) and Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 (14) were married.
On 14 Apr 1205 Louis Blois I Count Blois 1172-1205 (33) died. His Son Theobald Blois VI Count Blois -1218 succeeded VI Count Blois.
In 1206 Alfonso "Fat" II King Portugal 1185-1223 (20) and Urraca Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1187-1220 (18) were married (he was her Second-Cousin Once-Removed).
In 1208 Gwenwynwyn ap Owain Mathrafal Prince Powys Wenwynwyn 1176-1216 (31) arrested by John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (41).
27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 to her subjects in Brittany. 27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (24) to her subjects in Brittany.
Eleanora, duchess of Bretagne and countess of Richmond, to her dear and faithful lords the bishops of Nantes, Vannes, and Cornwall, and to Eudo de Poule, and Geoffry Espine, and Oliver de Rugy, and Pagan de Mal-Estrail, and all other her barons and faithful subjects of Bretagne, greeting.
We give you manifold thanks concerning the things of which you have informed us, and earnestly entreat you that you, the above-named, come to England to my lord and uncle the king of England (41); and know you, certainly, that your advent will, God willing, tend to your and our great honour and convenience, and, by God's grace, to our liberation.
We have spoken with our said uncle (41) about affording you a safe-conduct, and he is glad of your coming, and sends you his letters patent of safe-conduct; and you may all come safely by means of those letters — or as many of you as can, if all cannot come.
Witness myself, at Salisbury, the 27th day of May.
On 12 Dec 1212 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 (60) died at Normandy. He was buried at Notre Dame du Parc, Rouen.
On 13 Dec 1213 William of Winchester Welf 1184-1213 (29) died.
On 20 Jan 1214 Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex 1191-1216 (23) and Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (41) were married. Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (41) by marriage Countess Essex (2C 1199), Earl Gloucester (1C 1121).
On 31 Oct 1214 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 (53) died at Burgos. He was buried at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas.
In 1215 Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 was born to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (48) and Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (27) at Gloucester.
On 15 Jun 1215 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (48) met with his Baron's at Runnymede, Windsor where he agreed to the terms of the Magna Carta which attempted to reduce the King's authority through political reform. Those who signed as surety included:
Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk 1144-1221 (71),
his son Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk 1182-1225 (33),
Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford 1176-1220 (39),
Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford 1153-1217 (62),
his son Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford 1180-1230 (35),
William "The Younger" Marshal 2nd Earl Pembroke 1190-1231 (25),
William Mowbray 6th Baron Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray 1173-1224 (42),
Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester 1170-1219 (45),
Robert Ros 1172-1226 (43), Richard Percy 5th Baron Percy Topcliffe 1170-1244 (45),
Robert Vere 3rd Earl Oxford 1165-1221 (50),
Eustace Vesci 1169-1216 (46),
John Fitzrobert 3rd Baron Warkworth 1190-1241 (25),
John Lacy 2nd Earl Lincoln 1192-1240 (23),
William Dalbini -1236, Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex 1191-1216 (24),
Robert Clare-Fitzwalter -1235,
William Forz 3rd Earl Albermarle aka Aumale -1242,
William Hardell Lord Mayor,
William Huntingfield -1291,
William Llanvallei -1217,
William Malet 1st Baron Curry Mallet 1174-1215,
Roger Montbegon -1226, Richard Montfichet -1267,
Geoffrey Saye 1155-1230 (60) signed as surety the Magna Carta.
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (45) witnessed.
On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle. His Son Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.
On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).
King John’s will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it.Translation of the will taken from an article by ProFessor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:
I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and detErmine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.
In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté”.
The signatories were:
Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 – 1227) Papal Legate
Peter des Roches (? – 1238), Bishop of Winchester
Richard le Poer (? – 1237), Bishop of Chichester
Sylvester of Worcester (? ����� 1218), Bishop of Worcester
Aimery de St-Maur (? - ?1219), Master of the English Templars
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70)
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (46)
William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (48)
William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer
Walter de Lacy (ca 1172–1241) Lord of Meath
John: (1182 – 1248) Lord of Monmouth
Savaric de Mauléon (? – 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205
Falkes de Bréauté (? – 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.
After 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 was buried in the Chancel of Worcester Cathedral. His monument in the place of honour in the Choir in front of the High Altar. Sides decorated with the Three Lions of England. The Purbeck Marble effigy is the earliest of a King in England. Unusually carved to be life-like. Unsheathed sword at his side; his sword was found in the tomb when it was opened in 1529. His head supported by St Oswald and St Wulfstan, the two patron saints of Worcester. The base constructed in the 16th Century. The tomb was opened again on Monday 17 Jul 1797 at the instigation of Valentine Green (1739–1813). Inside the tomb chest, a stone coffin was discovered, containing the royal remains.
On 06 Jun 1217 Henry I King Castile 1204-1217 (13) was killed by a tile coming off a roof. He was buried at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas.
On 14 Oct 1217 Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (44) died.
In 1218 Otto Welf IV Holy Roman Emperor 1175-1218 (43) died.
In 1219 Scholastique Blois -1219 died.
1220. Letter IX. Berengaria of Navarre Queen Consort England 1165-1230 to Peter de Roches Bishop Winchester -1238. 1220. Letter IX. Berengaria of Navarre Queen Consort England 1165-1230 (55) to Peter de Roches Bishop Winchester -1238.
To her venerable father in Christ and most cordial friend Peter, by God's grace bishop of Winchester, Berengaria, by the same grace formerly the humble queen of England, wishes health and every good thing.
We send to you our well-beloved Friar Walter, of the Cistercian order, the bearer of these presents, beseeching you humbly and devotedly, with all the humility that we can, that, in reference as well to this present feast of All Saints as to other terms now past, you will cause us to be satisfied about the money due to us according to the composition of our dower, which, by your mediation, we made with our brother John of happy memory, formerly king of England. Fare you well.
1220. Letter VIII. Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 to her son Henry III King England 1207-1272. 1220. Letter VIII. Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (32) to her son Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12).
To her dearest son Henry, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, earl of Anjou, Isabella, by the same grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, countess of Anjou and Angoulême, sends health and her maternal benediction.
We hereby signify to you that when the Earls of March and Eu departed this life, the lord Hugh de Lusignan (37) remained alone and without heirs in Poitou, and his friends would not permit that our daughter should be united to him in marriage, because her age is so tender, but counselled him to take a wife from whom he might speedily hope for an heir; and it was proposed that he should take a wife in France, which if he had done, all your land in Poitou and Gascony would be lost. We, therefore, seeing the great peril that might accrue if that marriage should take place, when our counsellors could give us no advice, ourselves married the said Hugh earl of March (37); and God knows that we did this rather for your benefit than our own. Wherefore we entreat you, as our dear son, that this thing may be pleasing to you, seeing it conduces greatly to the profit of you and yours; and we earnestly pray you that you will restore to him his lawful right, that is Niort, the castles of Exeter Castle, Exeter and Rockingham Castle, Rockingham, Corby, and 3500 marks, which your father, our former husband, bequeathed to us; and so, if it please you, deal with him, who is so powerful, that he may not remain against you, since he can serve you well — for he is wdl-disposed to serve you faithfully with all his power; and we are certain and undertake that he shall serve you well if you will restore to him his rights, and, therefore, we advise that you take opportune counsel on these matters; and, when it shall please you, you may send for our daughter, your sister, by a trusty messenger and your letters patent, and we will send her to you.
On 03 Nov 1220 Urraca Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1187-1220 (33) died.
South Aisle, Salisbury Cathedral. On 07 Mar 1226 William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (50) was fatally poisoned by Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (56) at Salisbury Castle, Salisbury.
In 1227 Henry Welf V Count Palatine 1173-1227 (54) died.
In 1230 Margaret Blois -1230 died.
On 02 Feb 1237 Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 (46) died at Abergwyngregyn, Bangor, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.
On 01 Dec 1241 Isabella Plantagenet 1214-1241 (27) died at Foggia. She was buried at Andria Cathedral, Andria.
In 1243 Constance Ivrea 1202-1243 (41) died at the Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas.
In 1244 Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon -1244 died.
On Jun 1246 Richard Fitzroy 1190-1246 (56) died.
On 04 Jun 1246 Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (58) died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.
On 08 Nov 1246 Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 (67) died.
On 27 Sep 1249 Raymond Rouerge VII Count Toulose 1197-1249 (52) died.
On 06 Apr 1250 Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angoulême 1221-1250 (29) died. His Son Hugh Lusignan XII Count Lusignan, VII Count La Marche, III Count Angoulême 1235-1270 (15) succeeded XII Count Lusignan, VII Count La Marche, III Count Angoulême.
On 05 Dec 1250 Aymer Lusignan Bishop Winchester 1222-1250 (28) died at Paris.
On 27 Nov 1252 Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 (64) died.
On 09 Feb 1256 Alice Lusignan Countess Surrey 1224-1256 (32) died.
Annals Dunstable 1260. 1260. In the year of grace 1260.Henry King of England (52), son of King John, etc
Original Latin Text:
Anno gratiae MCCLX. Henricus rex Angliae (52), filius regis Johannis, pace firmata cum rege Franciae, ibidem per longum tempus moram traxit; nec in Angliam redire curavit, donec episcopi et magnates Angliae ei literatorie mandaverunt quod reverti in Angliam properaret; quod si non faceret, ad placitum suum in Anglia non rediret. Quo audito, rex in se reversus, in Angliam rediit; sed quidam malitiosi falsis rumoribus inter patrem et filium suum Edwardum discordiam seminavervmt, asserentes quod dictus Edwardus et consiliarii sui guerram domino regi movere procurarunt; propter quod dominus rex supra modum iratus, multos milites de partibus transmarinis usque Londoniam secum adduxit; et eis ultra pontem dimissis in partibus Sureiae, ipse civitatem Londonise ingressus est, et ibi aliquandiu moram fecit, portis civitatis firmatis et seratis, apposuit custodes, ut nullus nisi ab eo licentiatus ingrederetur.
Comes vero Gloverni, et Johannes Maunsel, et quidam alii qui de concilio regis fuerunt, ad placitum suum ingressum et egressum habuerunt.
Rex vero proliibuit, ne filius suus Edwardus, nec aliquis qui de consilio suo extiterat, coram ipso venirent, dicens, "Coram me non appareat filius mens Edwardus, quia si eum videro, quin ipsum osculer me non cohibebo."
Tandem, amore paterno commotus, et magnatum precibus devictus, ipsum ad osculum pacis recepit, et regina mater sua similiter, quae, ut dicebatur, causa totius malitis extiterat.
Dum ista aguntur, quantos honores et quantas expensas, omnibus qui interesse voluerint, dominus Edwardus fecerit, lingua vix potest explicare.
On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20), Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56), his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60), Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55), John "Red" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33), John Balliol 1207-1268 (56), Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49), Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.
In 1269 Ida Longespée 1207-1269 (62) died.
After 07 Apr 1269 Agatha Lusignan 1223-1269 died.
On 02 Apr 1272 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (63) died at Berkhamstead Castle, Berkhamstead. He was buried at Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe. His Son Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (22) succeeded 2nd Earl Cornwall (4C 1225). Margaret Clare Countess Cornwall by marriage Countess Cornwall (4C 1225).
On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster. His Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) by marriage Queen Consort England.
In 1274 Geoffrey Lusignan -1274 died.
On 13 Apr 1275 Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Pembroke, Countess Leicester 1215-1275 (60) died at Montargis Abbey.
In 1288 Margaret Lusignan Count Toulose 1226-1288 (62) died.
On 18 May 1296 William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 died.
In 1297 Nicholas Longespée Bishop Salisbury -1297 died.
On 14 Jan 1299 Isabella Lusignan 1224-1299 (75) died.
Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet
Maternal Family Tree: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault 1079-1151
Descendants Family Trees:
William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Kings Wessex: Great x 10 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings England: Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Kings Scotland: Great x 2 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840
Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031
Great GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143
Great x 2 GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109
Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais -1043
Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh de Perche Count Gâtinais 989-1046
Great x 4 GrandMother: Béatrice de Mâcon Countess Gâtinais -1040
Great x 3 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem 1018-1076
Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulk "Black" Ingelger III Count Anjou 970-1040
Great x 4 GrandMother: Hildegarde Sundgau Count Anjou
Great x 2 GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Queen Consort France
Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Montfort 1025-1087
Great x 4 GrandFather: Aumary Reginarids -1052
Great x 4 GrandMother: Bertrade Unknown
Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Normandy
Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Normandy 2nd Count Évreux 1015-1067
Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide or Godehildis Ramon
Great GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou
Great x 2 GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110
Great x 3 GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency
Great x 3 GrandMother: Paula Maine
Great x 4 GrandFather: Herbert "Wakedog" Maine I Count Maine 984-1035
Great x 2 GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir Count Maine
Great x 3 GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir
GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England
Great GrandFather: King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Son of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 -2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035
Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy 963-1026
Great x 4 GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre Duchess Normandy 982-1017
Great x 3 GrandMother: Herleva Falaise
Great x 4 GrandFather: Father of Beatrix and Herleva
Great x 2 GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083
Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067
Great x 4 GrandFather: Baldwin "Bearded" Flanders IV Count Flanders 980-1035
Great x 4 GrandMother: Ogive Luxembourg-Ardennes Count Flanders -1036
Great x 3 GrandMother: Adela Capet Duchess Normandy 1009-1079 Capet Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031 Capet Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Constance Arles Queen Consort France 986-1034
Great GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 Dunkeld Arms
Great x 2 GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093 Dunkeld Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040 Dunkeld Arms
Great x 3 GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown Queen Consort Scotland
Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093
Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057
Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund "Ironside" I King England 1015-1016
Great x 4 GrandMother: Ealdgyth Unknown
Great x 3 GrandMother: Agatha Unknown
Mother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204
GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137
Great GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127
Great x 2 GrandFather: Guy William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine 1025-1086
Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Great" Poitiers V Duke Aquitaine 969-1030
Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Proud Arm" Poitiers IV Duke Aquitaine 937-994
Great x 4 GrandMother: Emma Blois Duchess Aquitaine -1003 Blois Arms
Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Ivrea Duchess Aquitaine Ivrea Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Otto-William Ivrea I Count Burgundy 960-1026 Ivrea Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermentrude Unknown Count Burgundy
Great x 2 GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy Duchess Aquitaine 1056-1104
Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Burgundy I Duke Burgundy 1011-1076
Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031 Capet Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Constance Arles Queen Consort France 986-1034
Great x 3 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem 1018-1076
Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulk "Black" Ingelger III Count Anjou 970-1040
Great x 4 GrandMother: Hildegarde Sundgau Count Anjou
Great GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine
Great x 2 GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094
Great x 3 GrandFather: Pons Rouerge Margrave Provence 991-1061
Great x 3 GrandMother: Almodis La Marche Margrave Provence 1020-1071
Great x 4 GrandFather: Bernard La Marche Count La Marche
Great x 2 GrandMother: Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne
Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090
Great x 4 GrandFather: Herluin de Conteville Mortain 1001-1066
Great x 4 GrandMother: Herleva Falaise
Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda or Maud Montgomery -1085
Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094
Great x 4 GrandMother: Mabel Belleme -1079
GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130
Great GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault
Great GrandMother: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault 1079-1151
Great x 2 GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard