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Biography of John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487

CONTENT

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1483 Funeral of Edward IV

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1487 Battle of Stoke Field


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Around 1462 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (19) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (17) .

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) , his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467) .

Before 1480 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (17) and Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed).

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) , John Savage 1444-1492 , Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50) , Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38) , probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41) , Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18) , Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50) , John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35) , Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30) , John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15) , John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 .
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr KG 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494 (33)
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40)
James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43)
George Browne 1440-1483 (43)
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1390-1489 (93)
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63)
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop of Durham 1425-1483 (58)
John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Tuchet Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury 1443-1524 (40) (as Bishop of Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492 , and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36)
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) , then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52)
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28)
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48)
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68)
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82)
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43)
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57)
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51)
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (7)
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30)
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35)
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50)
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45)
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533 .

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire . Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1492 and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) were pall-bearers.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey . Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England .See Coronation of Richard III .
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward . William Brandon 1425-1491 (58) , Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50) , Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath .
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III . History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) . Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40) . Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets . On 29 Mar 2019 , St John's College, Cambridge , which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth . His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor .
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed . His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283) , Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 ,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44) , Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485 , Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed .

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey . Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37) , almoner Christopher Urswick (37) , the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms (-2) . Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) . Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) , created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43) .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field ; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19)
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45)
John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31)
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (19)
William Norreys 1441-1507 (46)
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded
John Paston 1444-1504 (43)
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27)
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8) , knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40) .
The Yorksists John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25) ,Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 (29) and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed . Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

Before 27 Oct 1492 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (50) died . He was buried at Wingfield, Suffolk . Before 27 Oct 1492 His son Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 (21) succeeded as 3rd Duke Suffolk (1C 1448) , 3rd Marquess Suffolk (1C) , 6th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385) .

After Jan 1503 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (58) died at Wingfield, Suffolk

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: De La Pole

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 Great x 5 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 Great x 4 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415


Great x 2 GrandFather: Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pole 1302-1366


Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Norwich 1306-1381


Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Wingfield Countess Suffolk


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wingfield 1320-1361


Great GrandMother: Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 Great x 7 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- Great x 5 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


GrandMother: Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 Great x 8 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great GrandFather: Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434


Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Roet 1346-1387


Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380


Great GrandMother: Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 Great x 7 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Burghesh 1343-1391 Great x 6 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Burghesh 1322-1349 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349


Great x 2 GrandMother: Ismania Hanham


Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Hanham


Mother: Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361


Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403


Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380