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Biography of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

1327 Coronation of Edward III

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1367 Battle of Nájera

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1377 Death of Edward III

1392 Death of Isabella of Castile

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1397 Lords Appellant

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1415 Southampton Plot

1485 Birth of Catherine of Aragon


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III England (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury. .

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

On 17 Mar 1337 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (6) was appointed Duke Cornwall.

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to King Edward III England (27) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (25) at Ghent.

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342).

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (12) was appointed Prince Wales.

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (13) was appointed 1st Knight Garter: Founder.

On 23 Apr 1344 King Edward III England (31) was appointed 0th Knight Garter: Founder.

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Reading Abbey, Reading. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) by marriage Countess Richmond (5C 1342). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) by marriage 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337).

On 19 May 1359 John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) by marriage Countess Pembroke (4C 1339).

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (15) at Leicester Castle, Leicester.

In 1361 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (19) was appointed 37th Knight Garter: Edward III.

In 1361 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (22) was appointed 35th Knight Garter: Edward III.

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III.

On Oct 1361 Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (15) died. She was buried at Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon/.

In 1362 John Lancaster 1362-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (21) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (16).

In 1362 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge (2C 1362).

On 10 Apr 1362 Maud Plantagenet Duchess Lower Bavaria 1339-1362 (23) died. Her Sister Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) succeeded 6th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) jure uxoris 6th Earl Leicester (2C 1265) adding a fourth Earldom to Earl Richmond (5C 1342), Earl Lancaster and Earl Derby (2C 1337).

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, the day after his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Before 21 Feb 1363 Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 at Burford.

In 1365 Edward Lancaster 1365-1365 died. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

In 1365 Edward Lancaster 1365-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (24) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (19).

In 1365 John Lancaster 1362-1365 (3) died. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

In 1366 John Lancaster 1366-1367 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (25) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (20).

In 1367 John Lancaster 1366-1367 (1) died. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27), William Scrope 1325-1367, Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21), John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (30) and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33). The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47). The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.
John Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-1367 (36) was killed. His Son Robert Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1358-1413 (9) succeeded 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley. Margaret Despencer Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1415 by marriage Baroness Ferrers Chartley.

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (22) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey.

In 1368 Isabel Lancaster 1368-1368 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (22).

In 1368 Isabel Lancaster 1368-1368 died. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (23) died at Tutbury Castle. Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar. She was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

On 07 Oct 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) died from poisoning at Alba. There was strong speculation he had been poisoned by his Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (14) Galeazzo II Visconti 1320-1378 (48). He was buried at Clare Priory, Clare. His Daughter Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Ulster.

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (55) died.

On 24 Aug 1369 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (14) were married at Reading Abbey, Reading. Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (14) by marriage Countess March (1C 1328). Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) by marriage 5th Earl Ulster.

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362). His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

After 21 Sep 1371 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 accompanied her sister Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 to England after her marriage to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.

On 09 Feb 1372 Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (18), the wife of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) made a ceremonial entry at City of London.

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) were married at Wallingford. Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) by marriage Countess Cambridge (2C 1362). She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

In 1373 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (22).

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (19) at Hertford Castle, Hertford.

In 1374 John Lancaster 1374-1375 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (20).

In 1375 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (34) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (24) at Château de Beaufort.

In 1375 John Lancaster 1374-1375 (1) died.

In 1376 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (20) was created 1st Earl Essex (4C 1376). Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (10) by marriage Countess Essex (4C 1376).

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral.

On 05 Oct 1376 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (14) and Philippa Guines Duchess Ireland 1367-1411 (9) were married. Philippa Guines Duchess Ireland 1367-1411 (9) by marriage Countess Oxford (2C 1141).

In 1377 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (21) was created 1st Earl Buckingham (3C 1377). Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (11) by marriage Countess Buckingham (3C 1377).

Around Jan 1377 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (36) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (26).

On 23 Apr 1377 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (10) was appointed 62nd Knight Garter: Edward III.

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III.

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond. He was buried at Chapel of St Edward the ConFessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. His Grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

In 1379 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (38) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (28) at Château de Beaufort.

Before 07 Nov 1379 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 were married. Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 by marriage Countess Gloucester (4C 1397).

Around 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (25) was knighted by John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (39).

In 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (25) joined John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (39) 's service as an Esquire.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Kenilworth Castle.

In 1381 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (25) was appointed 66th Knight Garter: Richard II.

On 05 Jan 1382 Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (26) died at Cork, County Cork. She was buried at Wigmore.

In 1385 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (29) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (1C 1385) and around the same time 1st Duke Gloucester (1C 1385). Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (19) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale (1C 1385) Duchess Gloucester (1C 1385).

On 06 Aug 1385 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (44) was created 1st Duke York (1C 1385). Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (30) by marriage Duchess York (1C 1385).

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Plymouth.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married.

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (14) was appointed 76th Knight Garter: Richard II.

In 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (8) and Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (14) were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 (14) by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

Around 1390 Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (22) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (7) were married. Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (7) by marriage Countess Stafford (1C 1351).

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (17) was created 1st Earl Rutland (1C 1390). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (17) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390).

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort-en-Vallée. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem.

Death of Isabella of Castile

On 23 Dec 1392 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (37) died. She the wife of Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (51). Isabella had travelled to England with her sister Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (38) who had married Edmund's elder brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (52). Isabella and Edmund's marriage was not, apparently, a happy one. She is known to have had an affair with John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (40) who may have been the father of Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (7) progenitor of the House of York.

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (21) was created 1st Earl Cork. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (21) by marriage Countess Cork.

On 24 Mar 1394 Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (40) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 by marriage Baroness Neville Raby (1C 1295).

In Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Irish Fleet, Constable Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.

On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset (2C 1397).

In May 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed Admiral of the Northern Fleet.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed Lieutenant Aquitaine.

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed 87th Knight Garter: Richard II.

Lords Appellant

Around 08 Sep 1397 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42) was murdered in Calais for his role as leader of the Lords Appellant. His Son Humphrey Plantagenet 2nd Earl Buckingham 1381-1399 (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Buckingham (3C 1377).

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

On 27 Feb 1398 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (23) was appointed Bishop Lincoln.

On 28 Jun 1398 Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (20) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (15) were married. Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (15) by marriage Countess Stafford (1C 1351).

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir, Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) inheritance from him giving Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Close Rolls Richard II 1396-1399 V6. 07 Jun 1399. Westminster Palace. To the keepers, occupiers, receivers or farmers of the lordship of Kyngeston in Dorsete for the time being. Order so long as the same shall remain in the king's hand to pay to John Swelle esquire 20 marks a year, which by a writing indented, confirmed by the king, John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 granted him for life, to be taken of the issues of the said lordship.

Southampton Plot

On 31 Jul 1415, when Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42), Thomas Grey 1384-1415 (30), and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were intending to replace Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 whereas Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.
Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30), Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) sat in judgement.

Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71).Arms from left to right ...
1 De La Pole Arms quarterd Chaucer Modern Arms impaled Unknown
2 De La Pole Arms. Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De La Pole Arms quarted Chaucer Modern Arms. Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer Arms. Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet Arms. Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet Arms impaling England Henry IV Arms probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet Arms impaling Chaucer Modern Arms. Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

Birth of Catherine of Aragon

On 16 Dec 1485 Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 was born to Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (33) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (34). She was possibly named after her Great Grandmother Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 daughter of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394.

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1490. Possibly Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (30). Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (38).

Around 1502. Possibly Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (42). Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (50).

John Evelyn's Diary 1641 Oct. 08 Oct 1641. Being the morning I came away, I went to see the Prince's Court, an ancient, confused building, not much unlike the Hofft, at the Hague: there is here likewise a very large Hall, where they vend all sorts of wares. Through this we passed by the chapel, which is indeed rarely arched, and in the middle of it was the hearse, or catafalco, of the late Archduchess, the wise and pious Clara Eugenia. Out of this we were conducted to the lodgings, tapestried with incomparable arras, and adorned with many excellent pieces of Rubens, old and young Breugel, Titian, and Stenwick, with stories of most of the late actions in the Netherlands.
By an accident, we could not see the library. There is a fair terrace which looks to the vineyard, in which, on Pedestals, are fixed the statues of all the Spanish kings of the house of Austria. The opposite walls are painted by Rubens, being an history of the late tumults in Belgia : in the last piece, the Archduchess shuts a great pair of gates upon Mars, who is coming out of hell, armed, and in a menacing posture; which, with that other of the Infanta taking leave of Don Philip the Fourth, is a most incomparable table.
From hence, we walked into the park, which for being entirely within the walls of the city is particularly remarkable; nor is it less pleasant than if in the most solitary Recesses; so naturally is it furnished with whatever may render it agreeable, melancholy, and country-like. Here is a stately heronry, divers springs of water, artificial cascades, rocks, grots, one whereof is composed of the extravagant roots of trees cunningly built and hung together with wires. In this park are both fallow and red deer.
From hence, we were led into the Menage, and out of that into a most sweet and dehcious garden, where was another grot of more neat and costly materials, full of noble statues, and entertaining us with artificial music; but the hedge of water, in form of lattice-work, which the fountaineer caused to ascend out of the earth by degrees, exceedingly pleased and surprised me; for thus with a pervious wall, or rather a palisade hedge of water, was the whole parterre environed.
There is likewise a fair aviary; and in the court next it are kept divers sorts of animals, rare and exotic fowl, as eagles, cranes, storks, bustards, pheasants of several kinds, and a duck having four wings. In another division of the same close are rabbits of an almost perfect yellow colour.
There was no Court now in the palace, the Ferdinand Habsburg-Spain 1609-1641 (32), who was the governor of Flanders, being dead but newly, and every one in deep mourning.
At near eleven o'clock, I repaired to his Majesty's agent. Henry de Vic 1599-1671 (42), who very courteously received me, and accommodated me with a coach and six horses, which carried me from Brussels to Ghent, where it was to meet my Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (55), Earl Marshal of England, who had requested me when I was at Antwerp to send it for him, if I went not thither myself.
Thus taking leave of Brussels and a sad Court, yet full of gallant persons, (for in this small city, the acquaintance being universal, ladies and gentlemen, I perceived, had great diversions and frequent meetings,) I hasted towards Ghent. On the way, 1 met with divers little waggons, prettily contrived and full of peddling merchandises, dravm by mastiff-dogs, harnessed completely like so many coachhorses; in some four, in others six, as in Brussels itself I had observed. In Antwerp I saw, as I remember, four dogs draw five lusty children in a chariot: the master commands them whither he pleases, crying his wares about the streets. After passing through Ouse, by six in the evening, I arrived at Ghent. This is a city of so great a circumference, that it is reported to be seven leagues round; but there is not half of it now built, much of it remaining in fields and desolate pastures even within the walls, which have strong gates towards the west, and two fair churches.
Here I beheld the Prinsenhof wherein John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 were born; whose statue stands in the market-place, upon a high pillar, with his sword drawn, to which (as I was told) the magistrates and burghers were wont to repair upon a certain day every year with ropes about their necks, in token of submission and penance for an old rebellion of theirs; but now the hemp is changed into a blue ribbon. Here is planted the basilisco, or great gun, so much talked of. The Lys and the Scheldt meeting in this vast city, divide it into twenty-six islands, which are united by many bridges, somewhat resembling Venice. This night I supped with the Abbot of Andoyne, a pleasant and courteous priest.

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (31).

In 1630 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (40). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (43) and wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640 (51). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (42).

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429 executor of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 's will.

Matthew Redman 1328-1389 served in France and Spain under John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.

Blanche Beaufort was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Marie St Hilaire Hainault.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 14 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202 Angoulême Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218 Courtenay Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Leon 1137-1188 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Urraca Burgundy Queen Consort Leon 1148-1211

Great x 3 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 Daughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin -1200

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont -1200

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Montgomery IV Count Ponthieu 1179-1221

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 Capet Arms

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 3 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon 1178-1213

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montpellier Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 4 GrandFather: Andrew II King Hungary 1177-1235

Great GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald Blois 1179-1201 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez -1229

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Mother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 4 GrandFather: James Avesnes 1152-1191

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adela Guise 1159-1207

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Countess Flanders 1202-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders VI Count Hainault, IX Count Flanders 1171-1205

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Blois Count Flanders -1204 2 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Gerulfing I Count Holland 1167-1222

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide Guelders Count Holland -1218

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 3 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1140-1221

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sophia Saarbrücken Duchess Limburg

Great x 3 GrandMother: Erminsende Namur Count Bar 1186-1247

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry "Blind" Namur IV Count Luxembourg, I Count Namur 1112-1196

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnes Guelders Count Namur, Count Luxembourg

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 4 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald Bar I Count Bar 1160-1214 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Erminsende Bar-Sur-Seine Count Bar

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Capet II Count Dreux 1154-1218 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Yolande Coucy Count Dreux 1164-1222

GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 3 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon 1178-1213

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montpellier Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 4 GrandFather: Andrew II King Hungary 1177-1235

Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen V of Hungary 1239-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cuman