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Biography of King Edward III England

1301 Edward II Created Prince of Wales

1308 Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

1308 Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1327 Coronation of Edward III

1327 Weardale Campaign and the Battle of Stanhope Park

1327 Death of Edward II

1328 Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton

1328 Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1330 Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer

1330 Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

1333 Battle of Halidon Hill

1335 Battle of Culblean

1340 Battle of Sluys

1345 Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

1346 Battle of Crecy

1350 Battle of Winchelsea

1356 Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland

1358 Death of Isabella of France Queen Consort

1359 London Tournament

1360 Treaty of Brétigny

1360 Black Monday Hailstorm

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1371 Battle of Baesweiler

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1377 Death of Edward III


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Edward II Created Prince of Wales

On 07 Feb 1301 King Edward II of England (16) was appointed Prince Wales by his father Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (61); the first English heir to receive the title. Created Earl Chester the same day.

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

On 25 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) were married (he was her Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Boulogne-sur-Mer.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the ConFessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

On 12 Nov 1312 King Edward III England was born to King Edward II of England (28) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (17) at Windsor Castle.

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. His Son King Edward III England (14) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III England (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury. .

Weardale Campaign and the Battle of Stanhope Park

On 04 Aug 1327 , during the night, James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (41) ambushed King Edward III England (14) camp at Stanhope Park, Weardale. Douglas reached King Edward III England (14) collapsed tent nearly capturing the English King.

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 King Edward II of England (43) was murdered at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley.There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all.Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) were married (he was her Second-Cousin) at York Minster, York. Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) by marriage as Queen Consort England.

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton

On 17 Mar 1328 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (53) signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,
Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (53), and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of King Edward III England (15) mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (40) rather than King Edward III England (15). Two years after King Edward III England (15) commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence in Aug 1332.

Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet 1320-1334 (8) and Beatrice Mortimer 1322-1383 (6) were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke 1319-1348 (9) and Agnes Mortimer 1317-1368 (11) were married. King Edward III England (15) and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (41).

On 17 Jul 1328 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (4) and Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (7) were married at Berwick on Tweed.

In 1330 John Plantagenet 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (13) was created 1st Earl Cornwall (6C 1330).

Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle, Winchester. His Son Edmund Plantagenet 2nd Earl Kent 1326-1331 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Kent (5C 1321). The executioner was a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. Edmund had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). King Edward III England (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was born to King Edward III England (17) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (15) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.

Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer

On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville 1299-1335 (30), William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (20), William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 (26) and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (29), friends of King Edward III England (17) secretly entered Nottingham Castle, Nottingham through tunnels, met with King Edward III England (17), and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) and his son Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 (21) in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (35).

On May 1332 Reginald "Black" Guelders II Duke Guelders 1295-1343 (37) and Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1355 (13) were married (he was her Second-Cousin Once-Removed) at Nijmegen.

On 16 Jun 1332 Isabella Plantagenet 1332-1382 was born to King Edward III England (19) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (17) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.

Battle of Halidon Hill

On 19 Jul 1333 King Edward III England (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed. John Plantagenet 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (16) commanded.
English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (33), who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (56), Robert Pierrepoint -1334, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (30), Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (53) and John Sully 1283-1388 (50). One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 (34) who was killed.
The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9). Alexander Bruce -1333, Alan Stewart -1333, James Stewart 1276-1333 (57), John Stewart -1333, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (35), Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333 and Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 (36) who were all killed.
Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 was killed. His Son William de Moravia Sutherland 5th Earl Sutherland -1370 succeeded 5th Earl Sutherland. Johanna Menteith Countess Sutherland by marriage Countess Sutherland.

On 19 Dec 1333 Joan Plantagenet 1333-1348 was born to King Edward III England (21) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (19) at Tower of London.

Battle of Culblean

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (26) was killed during the Battle of Culblean. His Son David IV Strathbogie 12th Earl Atholl 1327-1369 (8) succeeded 12th Earl Atholl (1C ). Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of King Edward III England (23) also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (52).

Before 06 Jul 1336 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 abducted Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349. She being the heir of the very wealthy Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347; considerably more wealthy than Ralph. King Edward III England was sympathetic despite the complaint of her father since Ralph had been one of King Edward III England 's key supporters during the plot to arrest Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330. Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 father was subsequently created Earl as a quid pro quo.

On 30 Sep 1336 John Plantagenet 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (20) died at Perth. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1337 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (46) was created 1st Earl Gloucester (3C 1337) by King Edward III England (24) as compensation for his daughter Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 (19) having been abducted by Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (35). Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 by marriage Countess Gloucester (3C 1337).

On 16 Feb 1337 William Plantagenet 1337-1337 was born to King Edward III England (24) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (22) at Hatfield.

Before 03 Mar 1337 William Plantagenet 1337-1337 died. He was buried at York Minster, York.

On 17 Mar 1337 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (6) was appointed Duke Cornwall.

On 29 Nov 1338 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was born to King Edward III England (26) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (24) at Antwerp.

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to King Edward III England (27) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (25) at Ghent.

Battle of Sluys

On 24 Jun 1340 King Edward III England (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French.The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (24), William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (30), Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (27), William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (10), John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (22), Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (38), Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (30), Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (30) and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (20).
Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 (38) died from wounds. His Daughter Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu, 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395 succeeded 3rd Baron Monthermer.

On 05 Jun 1341 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 was born to King Edward III England (28) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (26) at King's Langley.

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342).

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (12) was appointed Prince Wales.

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (13) was appointed 1st Knight Garter: Founder.

On 23 Apr 1344 King Edward III England (31) was appointed 0th Knight Garter: Founder.

On 10 Oct 1344 Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany 1344-1361 was born to King Edward III England (31) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (30) at Bishop Waltham's Palace.

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 was buried at Hospital Chapel, Leicester Castle, Leicester at a ceremony attended by King Edward III England and his wife Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369.

On 12 Jul 1346 King Edward III England (33) landed at La Hogue.

On 20 Jul 1346 Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 was born to King Edward III England (33) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (32).

Battle of Crecy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) defeated the French army at the Battle of Crecy.The English army was commanded by King Edward III England (33), his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16), Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (33), William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (30).
The English army was included: Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (16), James Audley 1318-1369 (28), Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (17), Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (51), John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347 (66), Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (37), Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton 1327-1403 (19), William Scrope 1325-1367 (21), Stephen Scrope 1325-, William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (16), John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28), Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (42), Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (58), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (27), Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings 1318-1369 (28), Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (48), John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (34), Thomas West 1312-1386 (34), John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349 (43), John Wingfield 1320-1361 (26), Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368 (25), Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376 (37), John Devereux 1302-1346 (44), Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369 (26), Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (26) and John Sully 1283-1388 (63).
The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (53) was wounded. William de Coucy 1286-1335 (60) and his son Enguerrand 6th Lord de Coucy 1313-1346 (33) and were killed.
Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (49) was killed. His Son Charles Valois Archbishop Lyons 1337-1375 (9) succeeded Count Alençon.
Louis Chatillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon -1346 was killed. His Son Louis Chatillon III Count Blois, Count Soissons -1372 succeeded III Count Blois.
Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders 1304-1346 (42) was killed. His Son Louis Dampierre III Count Nevers, II Count Flanders 1330-1384 (15) succeeded III Count Nevers, II Count Flanders
John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 (50) was killed. His Son Charles IV King Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperor Luxembourg 1316-1378 (30) succeeded IV King Bohemia.
Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 (26) was killed. His Son John Metz I Duke Lorraine 1346-1390 succeeded I Duke Lorraine.

On 01 Jul 1348 Joan Plantagenet 1333-1348 (14) died.

Battle of Winchelsea

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea during the Battle of Winchelsea.Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk.For the English King Edward III England (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (20), James Audley 1318-1369 (32), Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (37), Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (40) and John Sully 1283-1388 (67) fought.

In 1353 King Edward III England (40) granted the income from the rents and profits of the lands of the Forest of Dean to Flaxley Abbey, Forest of Dean.

In 1354 Henry Green -1369 was knighted by King Edward III England (41).

On 07 Jan 1355 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 was born to King Edward III England (42) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (40) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.

On 22 Apr 1355 Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1355 (36) died. He was buried at Deventer Abbey.

Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland

On 20 Jan 1356 Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (73) surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to King Edward III England (43) in the presence of William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (25). .

Death of Isabella of France Queen Consort

On 22 Aug 1358 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (63) died at Hertford Castle, Hertford. She was buried in Christ Church Greyfriars.
The funeral was performed by Simon Islip Archbishop Canterbury -1366.She was buried in the mantle she had worn at her wedding and at her request, King Edward II of England heart, placed into a casket thirty years before, was interred with her. .

1359 London Tournament

In May 1359 King Edward III England (46) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (28) took part in a tournament in London. For the amusement of the citizens both Edwards and their friends dressed as the mayor and aldermen of London.

On 19 May 1359 John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) by marriage Countess Pembroke (4C 1339).

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of King Edward III England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47), William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (50), Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (50), Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present.Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. King Edward III England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 24 Oct 1360 , three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, King Edward III England (47) and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41), and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (30) and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380 (22), ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (18) was ransomed.The treaty confirmed lands held by King Edward III England (47) including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III.

In 1361 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (22) was appointed 35th Knight Garter: Edward III.

In 1361 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (19) was appointed 37th Knight Garter: Edward III.

On Sep 1361 Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany 1344-1361 (16) died.

On Oct 1361 Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (15) died. She was buried at Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon/.

In 1362 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge (2C 1362).

On 07 Sep 1362 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (41) died of plague at Hertford Castle, Hertford. He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, the day after his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

In 1363 Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (7) became a ward of King Edward III England (50).

On 27 Jul 1365 Enguerrand de Coucy 1340-1397 (25) and Isabella Plantagenet 1332-1382 (33) were married at Windsor Castle.

On 07 Oct 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) died from poisoning at Alba. There was strong speculation he had been poisoned by his Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (14) Galeazzo II Visconti 1320-1378 (48). He was buried at Clare Priory, Clare. His Daughter Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Ulster.

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (55) died.

In 1371 Reginald Guelders III Duke Guelders 1333-1371 (38) died.

Battle of Baesweiler

On 22 Aug 1371 Edward Guelders Duke Guelders -1371 was killed.

In 1376 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (20) was created 1st Earl Essex (4C 1376). Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (10) by marriage Countess Essex (4C 1376).

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1377 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (21) was created 1st Earl Buckingham (3C 1377). Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (11) by marriage Countess Buckingham (3C 1377).

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond. He was buried at Chapel of St Edward the ConFessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. His Grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 14 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Son of King Edward II of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 6 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 4 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

Great x 4 GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202 Angoulême Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angoulême VI Count Angoulême -1179 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218 Courtenay Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183 Courtenay Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Courtenay 1140-1205

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1155-1208 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 4 GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Macon Count Savoy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Leon 1137-1188 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berenguela Barcelona Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1116-1149

Great x 3 GrandMother: Urraca Burgundy Queen Consort Leon 1148-1211

Great x 4 GrandFather: Afonso "Conqueror Founder Great" I King Portugal 1109-1185

Great x 4 GrandMother: Malfada Savoy Queen Consort Portugal 1125-1157

Great x 2 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile 1134-1158 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez Queen Consort Castile 1133-1156

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 Daughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 2 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin -1200

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont -1200

Great x 4 GrandFather: Renaud Clermont II Count Clermont 1075-1152

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide Vermandois I Count Vermandois -1120

Great x 2 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Montgomery IV Count Ponthieu 1179-1221

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Montgomery I Count Ponthieu 1140-1191

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice St Pol Count Ponthieu

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Constance of Castile 1140-1160 Ivrea Arms

Mother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France 1170-1190

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 Daughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

Great GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 2 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon 1178-1213

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1155-1208 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Montpellier Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 2 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 3 GrandFather: Andrew II King Hungary 1177-1235

GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald Blois 1179-1201 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Blois I Count Champagne 1127-1181 Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez -1229

Great x 4 GrandFather: Sancho "Wise" King Navarre 1132-1194

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Ivrea Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France 1170-1190

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 Daughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip Swabia