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Biography of Richard III King England 1452-1485

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1460 Act of Accord (39 Hen VI)

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1461 Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

1465 George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop York

1468 Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

1468 Meeting at Salisbury

1470 Angers Agreement

1470 Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury

1471 Battle of Barnet

1472 Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

1474 Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

1475 Treaty of Picquigny

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence

1482 Capture of Berwick

1483 Death of Edward IV

1483 Edward Woodville puts to Sea

1483 Richard III's Dinner with the Woodvilles

1483 Arrest of the Woodville Affinity

1483 Death of George Neville

1483 Richard III appointed Lord Protector

1483 Execution of Hastings

1483 Richard III elected King by the Three Estates

1483 Richard III Rewards his Supporters

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1483 Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

1483 Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

1483 Buckingham's Rebellion

1484 Opening Parliament

1484 Richard III Secures Elizabeth Woodville's Daughters

1484 Death of Richard's Heir

1484 Titulus Regius

1485 Queen Anne Dies

1485 Richard III publicly denies that he intended to marry his niece Elizabeth

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1487 Battle of Stoke Field

1499 Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

1503 Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1525 Battle of Pavia

1541 Exeter Conspiracy


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married (he was her Second-Cousin). Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Countess Cambridge (3C 1414) Countess Ulster. She was the youngest sister of Richard's brother-in-arms Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (29).

In 1433 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (21) was appointed 148th Knight Garter: Henry VI.

In 1446 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (2) was created 1st Earl Rutland (2C 1446).

Before 30 Jul 1447 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin).

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) was appointed Lieutenant Ireland.

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (41) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (37) at Fotheringay Castle.

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (42) was appointed Lord Protector.

After 25 May 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 was appointed Constable England.

On Nov 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (44) was appointed Lord Protector. He was buried at Pontefract Priory, Pontefract.

Before Feb 1458 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin). Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Act of Accord (39 Hen VI)

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward of Westminster (7) at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was appointed Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed. His Son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York (1C 1385), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414).
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was appointed 185th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

In 1461 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461).

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461).

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 (25) were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41).The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder. .

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

On 28 Feb 1463 John Lovell 8th Baron Lovel 5th Baron Holand 1433-1463 (30) died. On 28 Feb 1463 His Son Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (7) succeeded 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 6th Baron Holand at around eight years of age. He became a ward of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (20) who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) spending his childhood at Middleham Castle, Middleham with the young (future) Richard III King England 1452-1485 (10).

In 1464 Geoffrey Pole 1463-1464 died.

In 1465 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (12) was appointed 198th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop York

On 06 Sep 1465 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (33) was enthroned as Archbishop York at Cawood Castle, Cawood, North Yorkshire. Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (14), Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (9) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (12) were present. .

On Oct 1466 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (11) and Anne Holland 1461-1474 (5) were married at Greenwich.

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25), his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467).

Meeting at Salisbury

On 10 May 1468 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26), his brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 (15), John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (41) and John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (42) met in the Chapter House, Salisbury Cathedral. .

Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 and Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin) at Bruges. John Paston 1444-1504 travelled with Margaret.The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries.After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 rebelled against Edward IV King England 1442-1483 escaped to the Low Countries. .

Around 14 Apr 1470 Anne York 1470-1470 died.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47). Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 02 Nov 1470 Edward V King England 1470- was appointed Duke Cornwall.

Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) was appointed Princess Wales. .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485 (48), Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30), William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40), Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed.
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed. His Son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36), John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), John Savage 1444-1492, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46), George Browne 1440-1483 (31), Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38), James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 (30) were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed.

On 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 (37) was tried by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) (as Duke Gloucester) at Market Square, Tewkesbury.

Before 1472 Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 was born illegitimately to Richard III King England 1452-1485.

Before 1472 John York 1471-1499 was born illegitimately to Richard III King England 1452-1485.

In 1472 Dorothy Pole 1472-1472 died.

In 1472 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury (3C 1472).

Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) were married (he was her First-Cousin Once-Removed) at St Stephen's Chapel. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) by marriage Duchess Gloucester (3C 1461).

On 11 Dec 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke York (2C 1474).

On Dec 1473 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 was born to Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) at Middleham Castle, Middleham.

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56).

In 1474 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (34) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (34) were married.

Before 06 Jun 1474 Anne Holland 1461-1474 died.

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

Parliament Rolls.Edward IV Oct 1472.Second Roll. 06 Jun 1474. Westminster. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act..

In 1475 Edward V King England 1470- was appointed 214th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

In 1475 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was appointed 215th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV (33) signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possiblY, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 (33) was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

On 14 Jan 1476 Anne St Leger Baroness Ros Helmsley 1476-1526 was born to Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (36) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (36). Her mother (36) died in childbirth. She (36) was buried at St Leger Chantry, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Earl Nottingham (3C 1476).

On 01 Jan 1477 Richard York 1476-1477 died at Warwick Castle. He was buried at Warwick Castle.

Around 1748. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Warwick Castle.

Around 1752. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Warwick Castle East Front from the Courtyard.

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke Norfolk (2C 1481).

In 1478 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was created 1st Duke Bedford (4C 1478).

On 15 Feb 1478 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (4) was created 1st Earl Salisbury (4C 1478).

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower, Tower of London. William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

On Mar 1479 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 (2) died of plague at Windsor Castle.

On 23 May 1482 Mary York 1467-1482 (14) died at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich. She was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

Capture of Berwick

On 24 Aug 1482 Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (20) was knighted by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (29) at Berwick on Tweed during the Capture of Berwick.

Around 1483 John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (72) was appointed Knight of the Body to Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30).

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster. His Son Edward V King England 1470- succeeded V King England: Plantagenet York. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

Edward Woodville puts to Sea

On 29 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrived in Nottingham. .

Richard III's Dinner with the Woodvilles

On 30 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) met Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26) and Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) at Stony Stratford who were accompanying Edward V King England 1470- to from Ludlow to London.All three had dinner together. .

Arrest of the Woodville Affinity

On 01 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrested Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) and Thomas Vaughan Master 1410-1483 (73) at Stony Stratford. Edward V King England 1470- was taken under his uncle Richard's Protection to London. .

Death of George Neville

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30).The timing somewhat suspicious.The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance. .

Richard III appointed Lord Protector

Before 08 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was appointed Lord Protector.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 16 May 1483. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Grant for life to the king's servant Henry duke of Buckingham (28), of the offices of chief justice and chamberlain in South and North Wales, constable of the castles and counties of Kermerdyn and Cardigan, the castles of Abrustwith, co Cardigan, and Denevour in South Wales, the castle and town of Tonebigh , co.Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Kylgarvan in South Wales, the castle and town of Llan Stepham in South Wales, the lordship of Wallewynscastell in South Wales, the lordship of Westhaverford in South Wales , constable, steward, and receiver of the castle, lordshiop and manor of Uske , the castle and lordship of Carlion , the castle, lordship and manor of Dynas, the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewyas Lacy, the castles, lordships and manors of Belth,Clifford, Radnore, Melenyth, Montgomery, Dynbigh, Elvell and Narberth, the castle, lordship and manors of Wygmore and Holt in the marches of Wales, and the lordship and manor of Bromfield, Ludlow in the same marches, steward and receiver of the lordships and manors of Norton, Knyghton, Raydor, Guerthrenyon, Comotoyder, Glasbury, Weryfreton, Cherbury, Terthic, Halcetur, Kadewyn, Newton, Kyry in the marches.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 20 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Grant to the king's kinsman Henry duke of Buckingham (28), of the supervision and power of array of the king's subjects in the counties of Salop, Hereford_Somerset_Dorset and Wilts.By p.s.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 20 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Grant for life to the king's servant William Hastings (52), knight, of the office of master and worker of the king's moneys and keeper of the exchange within the Tower of London, the realm of England and the town of Calais according to the form of certain indentures, receiving the accustomed fees.By p.s.

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63), Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28). During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46).
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London. He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483. His Son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430). Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430).
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

Richard III elected King by the Three Estates

On 26 Jun 1483 Richard III (30) accepted the invitation of the citizens of London to become King. .

On 26 Jun 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created as Duke Cornwall.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance. .

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 30 Jun 1483 William Catesby 1450-1485 was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster Grant for life to William Catesby, esquire, of the office of Baron of the Exchequer, receiving the accustomed fees at the Exchequer or the receipt of the Exchequer, with all rights, profits and commodities.By p.s.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 30 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Commission to the king's kinsman John duke of Norfolk (58), to execute the office of steward of England at the king's coronation.By K.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 15 Jul 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was appointed Constable England. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry, duke of Buckingham (28), of divers specified offices and powers in North and South Wales and the marches.
The like to the same of the office of constable of England, with the accustomed fees.By p.s.

On 19 Jul 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was appointed Lord Lieutenant Ireland.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 25 Jul 1483. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry (58), duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine, with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees.By p.s.

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task. .

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 14 Aug 1483 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) was appointed Chief Butler of England. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell (27), knight, viscount Lovel, the king's chamberlain, of the office of Chief Butler of England, void by the death of Anthony, late earl Rivers, receiving fees of 100l yearly from the customs and prises of wines and other issues of his office, with all other profits.By p.s.

Before Sep 1483 Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 was appointed Knight of the Body to Richard III King England 1452-1485.

Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created Prince Wales, Earl Chester (6C 1483) at York Minster, York. His parents Richard III (30) and Anne Neville (27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13). Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (8) and John York 1471-1499 (11) were knighted.

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part.He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Marketplace, Salisbury for his part in the rebellion. His Son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded 8th Earl Stafford (1C 1351), 9th Baron Stafford (1C 1299).
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part.!The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (33) and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502 (31).
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement.Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. 23 Oct 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester.Precept to the sheriff of Devon to issue a proclamation (English) denouncing Thomas Dorset, late Marquess of Dorset (28), who holds unshameful and mischievous woman called Shore's wife in adultery, Sir William Noreys (42), Sir William Knevet (43), Sir Thomas Bourghchier of Barnes, Sir George Broun, knights, John Cheyne, John Noreis, Walter Hungerford, John Russh and John Harecourt of Staunton, who have assembled the Person by the comfort of the great rebel the late duke of Bukyngham and bishops of Ely and Salisbury, and offering rewards for their capture and pardon for all who withdraw from them.By K.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. On 28 Oct 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester.General commission of array to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell, viscount Lovel his chamberlain, for the resistance of the rebel Henry, duke of Buskingham.Mutilated.By K.by word of mouth.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. On 05 Nov 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Bridport.Commission of array in Wales to the king's kinsman William, earl of Huntingdon, and James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28), knight, for the resistance of the rebels.By K.by word of mouth.
The like to James Tyrell, knight.

Titulus Regius

In 1484 Titulus Regius was the Act of Parliament that justified Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) succession.

In 1484 William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) and Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 (12) were married. Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 (12) by marriage Countess Pembroke (8C 1468).

1484 Opening Parliament

Richard III Parliament Rolls 1484 The Opening of Parliament. Be it remembered that on Friday, 23 January in the first year of the reign of King Richard the third (31) since the conquest , that is, on the first day of parliament, with the lord king sitting on the royal throne in the Painted Chamber within his palace of Westminster, then being present many lords spiritual and temporal, and the commons of the realm of England, assembled at the aforesaid parliament at the king's command, the venerable father John, bishop of Lincoln, chancellor of England memorably declared and announced the reasons for summoning the aforesaid parliament, taking as his theme: 'In the body there are many limbs, but not all have the same function'. In which words he gravely and very astutely explained the fealty which subjects of the king (31) and the functions individual members owe to the principal member, asserting that there are three kinds of body, namely the natural, the aggregate and the politic, and going on to suggest that one coin, the tenth, had been lost from the most precious fabric of the body politic of England and that to hunt for it and find it would require the king and all the lords spiritual and temporal to be very assiduous and diligent during this parliament; concluding that after the finding of the tenth coin, which signifies perfection, our body politic of England would endure gloriously and for a long time, healthy, safe and free from all damage or injury; the king (31), the great men of the realm and the commons eternally cherishing peace outward and inward and the author of that peace. At the end of which declaration and announcement, the aforesaid chancellor in the king's (31) name firmly ordered the commons to assemble on the following day in their common house as usual and elect one of their number as their speaker, and to present the man thus elected to the same lord king. The same chancellor announced moreover that the said lord king, wishing justice to be done more swiftly both to denizens and aliens wishing to complain in the said parliament, had appointed and assigned certain receivers of the petitions to be presented in the same parliament in the following form ...
.

Richard III Secures Elizabeth Woodville's Daughters

In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (47) to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

After Mar 1484 Ralph Scrope 9th Baron Scrope Masham -1515 and Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 were married (he was her Half Second-Cousin Once-Removed).

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. On 09 Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Westminster.Grant for life to the king's servant Robert Brackenbury -1485 of the office of Constable Tower of London and 100l.yearly for his wages from the issues of the manors or lordships of Wrottell, Haveryng, Boyton, Hadlegh, Raylegh and Rocheford, co Essex, and Tunbrich, Penshurste, Middleton and Merdon and the hundred of Middleton, co Kent, with arrears from 17 July last, in lieu of a grant to him by letters patent of that date surrendered.By p.s.

Death of Richard's Heir

On 09 Apr 1484 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (10) died at Middleham Castle, Middleham leaving his father Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) without an heir.

In Jul 1484 William Collingbourne, a Tudor agent, tacked up a lampooning poem to Old St Paul's Cathedral, which mentions Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (28), whose family's heraldic symbol was a silver wolf, among the three aides to King Richard III (31), whose emblem was a white boar:
The Catte, the Ratte and Lovell our dogge
Rulyth all Englande under a hogge.

In 1485 Edward Pole Archdeacon Richmond 1466-1485 (19) died.

On 11 Mar 1485 John York 1471-1499 (13) was appointed Captain Calais.

Queen Anne Dies

On 16 Mar 1485 Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (28) died at Westminster Palace.Probably of tuberculosis. The day she died there was an eclipse; a bad omen to some.There were, of course, rumours of foul play.

Richard III publicly denies that he intended to marry his niece Elizabeth

On 30 Mar 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) publicly rebutted rumours in front of the Mayor and citizens of London that he intended to marry his niece Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19).

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His Second-Cousin Once-Removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England and Ireland: Tudor.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His Son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.

After 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was buried at Greyfriars Church, Leicester.

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19)
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45)
John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31)
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (19)
William Norreys 1441-1507 (46)
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded
John Paston 1444-1504 (43)
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27)
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8), knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40).
The Yorksists John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25),Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 (29) and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed. Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

Before Nov 1487 Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 died.

On 24 Dec 1489 Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal, Baroness Morley 1468-1489 (21) died in Hallingbury, Morley.

In 1495 Anne Pole 1476-1495 (19) died.

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay.

In 1499 John York 1471-1499 (27) died.

Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

On 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill.
Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (13) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's attempted escape with Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end. .

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1490. Possibly Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (30). Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (38).

Around 1502. Possibly Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (42). Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (50).

After Jan 1503 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 died at Wingfield.

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

On 02 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (46) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) at the Tower of London.
On 10 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 died.
On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) died from childbirth. She was buried on 24 Feb 1503 in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Around 1735. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The Interior of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Nov 1503 Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (57) died at Mechlin.

On 24 Aug 1507 Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (38) died.

On 23 Nov 1511 Anne York 1475-1511 (36) died.

In 1513 Humphrey Pole 1474-1513 (39) died.

In 1513 Catherine Pole 1477-1513 (36) died.

On 30 Apr 1513 Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 (42) was beheaded at Tower Hill.

In 1517 Bridget York 1480-1517 (36) died at Dartford Priory, Dartford.

Battle of Pavia

On 24 Feb 1525 Richard Pole "White Rose" 1480-1525 (45) was killed during the Battle of Pavia. Robert Stewart 4th Lord Aubigny 1470-1544 (55) fought.
Louis II de la Tremoille 1460-1525 (64) was killed.

After 24 Feb 1525. Unknown Artist. Battle of Pavia with the fallen Richard Pole "White Rose" 1480-1525 bottom left corner indicated by "Le Duc de Susfoc dit Blance Rose".

On 21 Apr 1526 Anne St Leger Baroness Ros Helmsley 1476-1526 (50) died. She was buried at St Leger Chantry, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

On 15 Nov 1527 Catherine York 1479-1527 (48) died at Tiverton Castle, Tiverton.

Around Oct 1539 William Pole 1478-1539 (61) died.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 27 May 1541, after some two and a half years of imprisonment, Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (67) was executed at Tower Green, Tower of London.

Around 1535 Unknown Artist. Portrait of unknown woman formerly thought to be Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 (61).

On 03 Mar 1542 Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle 1464-1542 (77) died at Tower of London.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 Aug. 09 Aug 1654. To the old and ragged city of Leicester, large and pleasantly seated, but despicably built, the chimney flues like so many smiths' forges; however, famous for the tomb of the tyrant, Richard III, which is now converted to a cistern, at which (I think) cattle drink. Also, here in one of the churches lies buried the magnificent Cardinal Wolsey. John of Gaunt has here also built a large but poor hospital, near which a wretch has made him a house out of the ruins of a stately church. Saw the ruins of an old Roman Temple, thought to be of Janus. Entertained at a very fine collection of fruits, such as I did not expect to meet with so far North, especially very good melons. We returned to my uncle's.

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Artist.French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

On 26 Mar 2015 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was reburied at Leicester Cathedral, Leicester.

The History of King Richard the Third. 4.1 So died (as I have said) this noble king in that time during which his life was most desired. The love of his people and their entire affection toward him would have been to his noble children a marvelous fortress and sure armor (having in themselves also as many gifts of nature, as many princely virtues, as much goodly ability as their age could receive), if division and dissention of their friends had not unarmed them and left them destitute, and the execrable desire of sovereignty provoked their uncle to their destruction, who, if either kind or kindness had held place, must needs have been their chief defense. For Richard, the Duke of Gloucester, by nature their uncle, by office their protector, to their father beholden, to themselves by oath and allegiance bound, all the bands broken that bind man and man together, without any respect of God or the world, unnaturally contrived to bereave them, not only their dignity, but also their lives. But because this Duke’s demeanor ministers in effect all the whole matter whereof this book shall treat, it is therefore appropriate to show you somewhat, before we further go, what manner of man this was who could find in his heart so much mischief to conceive.

The History of King Richard the Third. 4.2 Richard, Duke of York, a noble man and a mighty, had begun not by war but by law to challenge the crown, Putting his claim into the Parliament. There his cause was either for right or favor so far forth advanced that King Henry (although he had a goodly prince utterly rejected his own blood; the crown was by authority of Parliament entailed unto the Duke of York, and his male issue in remainder, immediately after the death of King Henry. But the Duke, not enduring so long to tarry, but intending under pretext of dissension and debate arising in the realm, to reign before his time and to take upon him the rule in King Henry’s life, was with many nobles of the realm at Wakefield slain, leaving three sons — Edward, George, and Richard.
All three, as they were great states of birth, so were they great and stately of stomach, greedy and ambitious of authority, and impatient of partners. Edward, revenging his father’s death, deprived King Henry and attained the crown.

The History of King Richard the Third. 5 Richard, the third son, of whom we now treat, was in wit and courage equal with either of them, in body and prowess far under them both: little of stature, ill featured of limbs, crooked-backed, his left shoulder much higher than his right, hard-favored in appearance, and such as is in the case of lords called warlike, in other men called otherwise. He was malicious, wrathful, envious, and from before his birth, ever perverse. It is for truth reported that the Duchess his mother had so much ado in her travail to birth him that she could not be delivered of him uncut, and he came into the world with the feet forward, as men be borne outward, and (as the story runs) also not untoothed. Either men of hatred reported the above for truth or else nature changed her course in his beginning—in the course of whose life many things were unnaturally committed. No unskilled captain was he in war, for which his disposition was more suited than for peace. Sundry victories had he, and sometimes overthrows, but never by fault of his own person, either of hardiness or political order. Free was he called when dispensing gifts, and somewhat above his power liberal; with large gifts he got for himself unsteadfast friendship, for which he was glad to pillage and spoil in other places, and get for himself steadfast hatred. He was close and secret, a deep dissembler, lowly of countenance, arrogant of heart, outwardly friendly where he inwardly hated, not omitting to kiss whom he thought to kill; pitiless and cruel, not for evil will always, but for ambition, and either for the surety or increase of his estate. Friend and foe was much the same; where his advantage grew, he spared no man death whose life withstood his purpose. He slew with his own hands King Henry the Sixth, being prisoner in the Tower of London, as men constantly say, and that without commandment or knowledge of the King, who would, undoubtedly, if he had intended such a thing, have appointed that butcherly office to some other than his own born brother.

The History of King Richard the Third. 6.1 Some wise men also think that his plan—covertly conveyed—lacked not in helping his brother Clarence to his death, which he resisted openly, although somewhat (as men judged) more faintly than one who was heartily concerned for his welfare. And they who thus judged, they think he for a long time during King Edward’s life forethought to be king in case the King his brother (whose life he looked to, so that evil diet should shorten it) should happen to die (as indeed he did) while his children were young. And they judged that for this reason: he was glad of his brother’s death, that Duke of Clarence, whose life must needs have hindered his plans, whether the same Duke of Clarence had kept himself true to his nephew the young King, or enterprised to be king himself. But of all this point, is there no certainty, and whosoever divines upon conjectures may as well shoot too far as too short. However, this have I by credible information learned, that the same night in which King Edward died, one Mistlebrook, long before morning, came in great haste to the house of one Potter, dwelling in Redcross Street, Cripplegate Ward, and when he was with hasty rapping quickly let in, he revealed unto Potter that King Edward was departed. “By my truth man,” said Potter, “then will my master the Duke of Gloucester be king.” What cause he had so to think it is hard to say: whether he, being well disposed toward him, knew anything about such a thing the Duke had purposed, or otherwise he had any inkling thereof, for he was not ever likely to speak of it.

The History of King Richard the Third. 7 But now to return to the course of this history, were it that the Duke of Gloucester had of old planned this conclusion, or was now at first thereunto moved and put in hope by the occasion of the tender age of the young princes his nephews (as opportunity and likelihood of success put a man in courage of what he never intended), certain is it that he contrived their destruction with the usurpation of the regal dignity upon himself. And forasmuch as he well.

Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. By reason whereof, the nobilite of Flaunders were to hym diligent, & with dewereuerence dyd him all the pleasure that laye in their powre or officies. And to be shorte, the more that, thys poeticall and feyned inuencion was shadowed with the pretence of sincere veritie, the more faythe and vndubitate credence was adhibited to it. In so muche that many one thought hym to be preserued, onely by the will and mightie powre of almightie God, and to to be conueyghed at the f'yrste daungier by some faythfull frende of kyng Edward his father into some straiige country, and so escaped the violet tyranny of his vncle kyng Rychard, whiche vndubitately, hereafter should recouer his fathers possessions & kingdome. The fame & bruyte of thys iuggled myracle was almoost in one momet blowe ouer all the coutrey of Flanders, & the territories therabouts. But in England it was biased in euery place soner then a man could thiivke or deuise it: In which coutrey more than in other places it was receaued for an infallible veritie & moost sure truthe, and that not onely of the comon people, but also of diuerse noble & worshipfull men of no small estimacio, w hichesw are affirmed it to be true, and no conaent or fable phantastically ymagened. After this deuulgacio y Rychard sonne to kyng Edward was yet liuyng, had in great honour emongest the Fleminges, there began sedicion to springe on euery syde, none otherwise tiien in y pleasant time of vere, trees are wote to budde or blossome. For not onely they y were in sanctuaryes, for great & hey nous offences by them committed, but also many other that were falle in debte, and doubtyng 10 be brought to captiuitie & bondage, assembled together in a copany, and were passed ouer the sea into Flaunders, to their coutrefeate Richard sonne to kynge Edwarde, otherwise named Perkyn Warbeke. After this many of the noble me conspired together some through rashnes & temerite induced therunto, some beyng so earnestly perswaded in their awn coceipt, as though they knew perfightly that this Perkyn was f vndubitate sonne of king Edward the. iiij. solicited, slurred & allured to their opinion all such as were fredes & fautoures of the house of Yorke. Other through indignacio, enuye & auarice, euer grudginge & thinkynge they were not condignly rewarded for their paynes and partes taken in the kyngc-s behalfe and quarell. Other whorne it greued and vexed to see the worlde stande still in one staye, and all men to lyue in peace and tranquilitie, desyrous of some chaunge, ranne hedlinge into that fury, madnes and sedicious coiuracion.

Battle of Bosworth

Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 was killed. His Son John Devereux 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1464-1501 succeeded 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.
John Iwardby 1449-1485 was killed.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

King Edward III England

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson of King Edward III England York Arms

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson of King Edward III England York Arms

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of King Edward III England York Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1285-1312 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

Great x 4 GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

Great x 4 GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Mortimer Arms

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson of King Edward III England Mortimer Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 6 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Mortimer Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Mortimer Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 1303-1331 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Mortimer Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Badlesmere Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381 Montagu Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 Montagu Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter of King Edward III England Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Son of King Edward III England Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Burgh Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster 1312-1333 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Burgh Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Holland Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Holland Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Holland Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328 Holland Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Zouche Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Wake Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel Warenne Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 Chaworth Arms

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Neville Arms

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Neville Arms

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Neville Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Neville Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331 Neville Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271 Neville Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Clavering Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 1251-1329 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Zouche Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Audley Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Audley Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1272 Audley Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ela Longespée 1217-1298 Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer 1269-1328 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Mortimer Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Mortimer Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Fiennes Arms

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Percy Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Percy Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 Percy Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272 Percy Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe Warenne Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel -1292 6 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Saluzzo Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Clifford Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Clifford Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282 Clifford Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Vipont 1254-1292 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Clare Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Clare Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 Roet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 Roet Arms