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Biography of Richard II King England 1367-1400

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1377 Death of Edward III

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1382 Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

1382 Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

1386 Wonderful Parliament

1388 Merciless Parliament

1389 Christmas Court

1394 Death of Anne of Bohemia

1394 Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

1394 Richard II Travels to Ireland

1396 Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1397 Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

1398 Thomas Mowbray Duel

1398 Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Richard II's Last Will

1399 Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

1399 Richard II Abdication

1399 Epiphany Rising

1400 Death of Richard II

1654 Battle of Marston Moor


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1340 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (11) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 [his mother] (11) were married. She was already married albeit secretly to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26). The subsequent investigation found her marriage to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) to be valid.

In 1340 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 [his mother] (11) were married in secret. It isn't clear whether the marriage was canonical given the secrecy; there were no witnesses. She twelve years old. A subsequent investigation by papal commissioners confirmed it as valid.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 [his father] (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 [his mother] (33) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed) at Windsor Castle. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) by marriage Prince Wales.
His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

On May 1366 John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (27) and Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 [his half-sister] (16) were married (he was her third-cousin). Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) by marriage Duchess Brittany (1221 Dreux).

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 [his father] (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 [his mother] (38) at Bordeaux.

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 [his father] (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1377 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (37) was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (9).

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III.

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. His Grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 [his mother] (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London.

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield, Farringdon Without.During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7).

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 [his wife] (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

On 22 Jan 1382 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 [his wife] (15) was crowned Queen Consort England.

In 1384 Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 [his half-sister] (34) died.

On 07 Aug 1385 Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 [his mother] (56) died at Wallingford Castle. She was buried at Stamford.

In 1386 Richard Adderbury of Donnington Casatle 1331-1399 (55) was given permission by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (18) to fortify Donnington Castle, Donnington.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 [his half-brother] (34) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second-cousin once-removed) at Plymouth.

Wonderful Parliament

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19). Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (56) was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner 1332-1387 (55) was knighted by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19).

In 1388 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 [his half-brother] (36) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (24) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (4C 1388).

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21) 's administration. Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried.

On 07 Oct 1388 Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 (14) and Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 [his niece] (17) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed). Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 (17) by marriage Countess March (1C 1328), Earl Ulster.

Christmas Court

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (22) held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.
John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17) was killed in a tournament. His Half First-Cousin Twice-Removed Hugh Hastings 6th Baron Hastings 1336-1369 succeeded 6th Baron Hastings (1C 1295). Margaret Everingham Baroness Hastings 1331-1375 by marriage Baroness Hastings (1C 1295).

On 04 Nov 1393 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (52) and Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 [his niece] (13) were married (he was her half second-cousin once-removed). Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (13) by marriage Duchess York (1C 1385).

Death of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 [his wife] (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond.

01 Aug 1394. Letter XXVI. Annabella Queen of Scotland to King Richard II. 01 Aug 1394. Letter XXVI. Annabella Queen of Scotland (44) to King Richard II (27).
To the most high and mighty prince Richard, by the grace of God king of England, our very dear cousin, Annabella, by the selfsame grace queen of Scotland sends health and greeting.
We give you hearty and entire thanks for your loving letters presented to as by oar well-beloved Donglas, herald-at-arms, from which we have learned to our great pleasure and comfort your good health and estate. And, dearest cousin, as touching the marriage-treaty to be made between some nearly allied to you by blood and some children of the king my lord and of us, be pleased to know that it is agreeable to the king (57) my said lord and to us, as he has signified to you by these letters. And in especial, that, although the said treaty could not be held on the third day of July last past for certain and reasonable causes contained in your letters sent to the king my aforesaid lord, you consented that the treaty should in like manner take place another day, namely, the first day of October next coming, which is agreeable to the king my aforesaid lord and to us; and we thank you heartily aud with good will, and affectionately pray you that you will continue the said treaty, and have the said day kept, for it is the will of my said lord the king and of us that as far as in us lies the said day should be kept without fail. And, dearest cousin, we affectionately require and entreat you that your highness will not be displeased that we have not sooner written to you; for we were lying in childbed of a male infant named James, of whom we are now well and graciously delivered, thanks to God and our Lady. And also, because, at the coming of your letters, the king my said lord was far away in the isles of his kingdom, we did not receive these letters sent to us on this matter till the last day of July last past. Most high and puissant prince, may the Holy Ghost ever keep you ! Given under our signet, at the abbey of Dumfermline, the first day of August.

Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 [his wife] was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1375-1400 (18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

Richard II Travels to Ireland

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423 (44).

After 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 was buried when Richard II King England 1367-1400 had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time.

Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 [his wife] (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin). The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France.He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to secure the Crown.

On 01 Nov 1396 Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 [his wife] (6) was crowned Queen Consort England.

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 served Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) as Ambassador to various German Princes.

In 1397 Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (47) campaigned with Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) at Ireland.

On 25 Apr 1397 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 [his half-brother] (47) died. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul, Bourne. His Son Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 [his nephew] (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Kent (6C 1360), 4th Baron Holland. Joan Stafford Countess Kent 1378-1442 (19) by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360).

Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30).

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 [his half-brother] (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also rewarded his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 [his niece] (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

On 27 Nov 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 [his niece] (12) were married (he was her half third-cousin). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Countess Somerset (2C 1397).

Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor.

Thomas Mowbray Duel

Before 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV reported to King Richard II that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 had made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule.Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Caludon, Coventry, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.

On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between the future Henry IV (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30). the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 [his nephew] (24) managed the proceedings.Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it.After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.

Before 1399 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 and Alice Holland Countess Oxford 1392-1406 [his niece] were married.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir, Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II. 15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre (29) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II (32).
My most dear and redoubted lord,
I desire every day to be certified of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your heart desires and as I should wish it for myself. If it would please you to let me know of it, you would give me great rejoicings in my heart, for every time that I hear good news of you I am most perfectly glad at heart. And if to know tidings from this side would give you pleasure, when this was written my lord (31), I, and our children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to our Lord, who by his grace ever grant you the same. I pray you, my dearest and most redoubted lord, that it would ever please you to have the affairs of my said lord well recommended, as well in reference to the deliverance of his lands as other things, which lands in your hands are the cause why he sends his people promptly towards you. So may it please you hereupon to provide him with your gracious remedy, in such manner that he may enjoy his said lands peaceably; even as he and I have our perfect surety and trust in you more than in any other. And let me know your good pleasure, and I will accomplish it willingly and with a good heart to my power.
My dearest and most redoubted lord, I pray the Holy Spirit that he will have you in his holy keeping.
Written at Vannes, the 15th day of March. The Duchess of Bretagne.

Richard II's Last Will

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 [his nephew] (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 [his half-brother] (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks ... we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25).
Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419 (55), Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Painter Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors ...
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49), William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) our cousin.

Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor.

Before 19 Jun 1399 Edward Charleton 5th Baron Cherleton 1370-1421 and Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 [his niece] were married.

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) landed in Wales.

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) at Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle.

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400 (40), William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409 (29), Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.

On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town.
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 [his nephew] (26) was beheaded. His Brother Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 [his nephew] (16) succeeded 4th Earl Kent (6C 1360), 5th Baron Holland.
John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) was captured, tried and beheaded.
Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured.

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 [his half-brother] (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey. His Son John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 [his nephew] (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388).

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400, nobody is sure exactly when King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at Old St Paul's Cathedral
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

In 1413 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was reburied at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

Battle of Marston Moor

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 Aug. 17 Aug 1654. Passed through Pontefract; therichard castle famous for many sieges both of late and ancient times, and the death of that unhappy King murdered in it, was now demolishing by the Rebels; it stands on a mount, and makes a goodly show at a distance. The Queen (44) has a house here, and there are many fair seats near it, especially Mr. Pierrepont's (48), built at the foot of a hill out of the castle ruins. We all alighted in the highway to drink at a crystal spring, which they call Robin Hood's Well; near it, is a stone chair, and an iron ladle to drink out of, chained to the seat. We rode to Tadcaster, at the side of which we have prospect of the Archbishop's Palace (which is a noble seat), and in sight of divers other gentlemen's fair houses. This tract is a goodly, fertile, well-watered, and wooded country, abounding with pasture and plenty of provisions.
To York, the second city of England, fairly walled, of a circular form, watered by the brave River Ouse, bearing vessels of considerable burden on it; over it is a stone bridge emulating that of London, and built on; the middle arch is larger than any I have seen in England, with a wharf of hewn stone, which makes the river appear very neat. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King's house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 6 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Ancestry

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 Son of King Edward III England Plantagenet Arms

GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 4 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Blois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Blois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Hainault Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Countess Flanders 1202-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 4 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 4 GrandMother: Erminsende Namur Count Bar 1186-1247

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 4 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242 Capet Arms

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen V of Hungary 1239-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cuman

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 Angoulême Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202 Angoulême Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218 Courtenay Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 Provence Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

Great GrandMother: Margaret of France Queen Consort England 1279-1318 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245 Provence Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Reginar Queen Consort France 1256-1321 3 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant 1230-1261 2 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy Duchess Brabant 1233-1273 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh Burgundy IV Duke Burgundy 1213-1272 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Yolande Capet Duchess Burgundy 1212-1248 Capet Arms

GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Wake Arms

Great GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Wake Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin Wake Wake Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Hawise Quincy Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Quincy -1257

Great x 4 GrandFather: Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester 1170-1219

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Beaumont Countess Winchester Beaumont Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw Countess Huntingdon, Countess Mar 1218-1253 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 Daughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Plantagenet Arms

Great GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Fiennes Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302 Fiennes Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes 1210-1265 Fiennes Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Fiennes 1160-1240 Fiennes Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Provence Provence Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Beaumont Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaumont 1232- 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Beaumont Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John de Brienne I King Jerusalem 1170-1237

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237 Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun 1227-1252

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun VI Viscount Châteaudun -1250

Great x 4 GrandMother: Clemence Roches Count Blois