Biography of Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400

CONTENT

1399 Epiphany Rising

1400 Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 22 Sep 1373 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 was born to Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 (38) and Elizabeth Burghesh Countess Kildare 1342-1402 (31).

On 11 Nov 1375 Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 (40) died at Llanblethian, Glamorganshire, South-East Wales. He was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. His son Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (2) succeeded as 2nd Baron Despencer (4C 1357).

Before 07 Nov 1379 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (6) and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (5) were married. Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (5) by marriage Countess Gloucester (4C 1397).

Around 1388 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (14) was appointed 80th Knight Garter: Richard II.

In 1396 Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (22) and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (22).

In 1397 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (23) was created 1st Earl Gloucester (4C 1397).

In 1398 Elizabeth Despencer 1398-1398 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (24) and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (24).

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 1400 Edward Despencer 1399-1399 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (25).

Around 1400 Hugh Despencer 1400-1401 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (26).

Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

After 07 Jan 1400. . Henry IV's (32) Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent, John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon (48), John Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury, Thomas, formerly Lord Despenser (26), and Ralph Lumley, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the king (32), contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

Epiphany Rising

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) was beheaded at Bristol, Gloucestershire. .

On 26 Jul 1400 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (26) some six months after her father had been beheaded during the Epiphany Rising.

In Aug 1402 Elizabeth Burghesh Countess Kildare 1342-1402 (60) died. Her grandson Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 (6) succeeded as 4th Baron Burghesh (2C 1330).

On 29 Nov 1416 Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (42) died at Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Despencer

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: Edward Despencer 1310-1342 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265


Great x 3 GrandMother: Aline Basset 1221-1281 3 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301


Great GrandMother: Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292- Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford 1222-1262 3 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 4 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1272-1307 Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


GrandMother: Anne Ferrers 1299- 6 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great GrandFather: William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 2 GrandFather: William Ferrers 1240-1287 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Ferrers 5th Earl Derby 1193-1254 3 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Quincy Countess Derby 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Despencer 1252- 4 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265


Great x 3 GrandMother: Aline Basset 1221-1281 3 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England


Great GrandMother: Ellen or Margaret Segrave Baroness Ferrers Groby 1282-1318


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325


Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland


Great x 2 GrandMother: Christiana Plessey Baroness Segrave


Mother: Elizabeth Burghesh Countess Kildare 1342-1402 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


GrandFather: Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great GrandFather: Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355


Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1254-1306


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Badlesmere Baroness Burghesh 1265-1306


Great x 3 GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard


Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1306-1360 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun 1278-1316


Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald Verdun 1st Lord Verdun 1248-1309


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margery Bohun Lady Verdun 1251-1309


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Mortimer Lady Verdun 1286-1312 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


GrandMother: Cecily Weyland Baroness Burghesh