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Biography of Thomas Tresham 1420-1471

CONTENT

1459 Parliament of the Devils

Battle of Northampton 1460

1461 Battle of Towton

1461 Second Battle of St Albans

1470 Re-adeption of Henry VI


Ancestry

Around 1420 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 was born to William Tresham -1450

In 1446 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (26) was appointed as Justice of the Peace: Huntingdonshire

In 1446 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (26) served as an esquire for Henry VI

In 1447 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (27) was appointed as MP Buckinghamshire

In 1449 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (29) was appointed as MP Huntingdonshire

On 23 Sep 1450 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (30) injured

On 23 Sep 1450 William Tresham -1450 was killed by a group of men as a result of a propery dispute

In 1451 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (31) was appointed as High Sheriff Huntingdonshire

In 1451 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (31) was appointed as High Sheriff Cambridgeshire

In 1453 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (33) was appointed as MP Northamptonshire

In 1455 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (35) was appointed as Usher of the King's Chamber

In 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (39) was appointed as MP Northamptonshire

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (39) was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry, Warwickshire . . The primary purpose of the Parliament was to attaint the Yorkist leaders:
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48) , his sons Edward Earl of March (17) , Edmund Earl of Rutland (16) were attainted, as were ...
Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and his sons Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) and John Neville 1431-1471 (28) .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Before 1460 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (39) and Margaret Zouche 1436-1484 (23) were married

In 1460 Isabella Tresham 1460- was born to Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) and Margaret Zouche 1436-1484 (24)

Battle of Northampton 1460

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton 1460 .
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed . His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded as 2nd Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) , 7th Earl Stafford (1C 1351) , 8th Baron Stafford (1C 1299) .
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed . His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded as 3rd Earl Shrewsbury (2C 1442) , 3rd Earl Waterford , 8th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 12th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 9th Baron Talbot (1C 1331)
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed .
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed . His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Beaumont .
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) .The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed .
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39) . After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 . Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded as 7th Baron Harington , 2nd Baron Bonville
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded .

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35) , Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50) , John Bigod -1461 , Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71) , Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49) , Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) , John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33) , Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61) , Everard Simon Digby -1461 , William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed .
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed . His son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded as 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed . His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded as 7th Baron Welles .
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60) , William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) , Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) , Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) . Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire . His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded as 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) . Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) .
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed .
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed .
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

In 1462 John Tresham 1462-1521 was born to Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (42) and Margaret Zouche 1436-1484 (26)

In 1464 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (44) was pardoned

In 1467 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (47) was appointed as MP Northamptonshire

In 1468 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (48) was imprisoned for having taken part in the plots of John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (25) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Re-adeption of Henry VI

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (48) was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster . Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (50) was released.

On 06 May 1471 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (51) was executed

Around 1484 Margaret Zouche 1436-1484 (48) died

Ancestry

Father: William Tresham -1450


GrandFather: Thomas Tresham