Biography of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707

CONTENT

1694 Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 25 Jan 1640 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 was born to William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (22) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire -1689.

Around 1655. Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (14).

Around 1660 John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (42). Portrait of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (19).

On 26 Oct 1662 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (22) and Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (16) were married.

In 1670 Elizabeth Cavendish Baronetess Wentworth North Emstal 1670-1741 was born to William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (29) and Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (24).

Around 1672 William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire 1672-1729 was born to William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (31) and Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (26).

In 1673 Henry Cavendish 1673-1700 was born to William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (32) and Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (27) at Nice.

On 23 Nov 1684 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (67) died at his house in Roehampton,Surrey. He was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey. His son William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (44) succeeded as 4th Earl Devonshire. Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (38) by marriage Countess Devonshire.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jul. 09 Jul 1685. Just as I was coming into the lodgings at Whitehall, a little before dinner, my Lord of Devonshire (45) standing very neere his Ma's (51) bed-chamber doore in the lobby, came Col. Culpeper (50), and in a rude manner looking my Lord in the face, asked whether this was a time and place for excluders to appeare; my Lord at first tooke little notice of what he said, knowing him to be a hot-headed fellow, but he reiterating it, my Lord ask'd Culpeper whether he meant him; he said, yes, he meant his Lordship. My Lord told him he was no excluder (as indeed he was not); the other affirming it againe, my Lord told him he lied, on which Culpeper struck him a box on the eare, which my Lord return'd and fell'd him. They were soone parted, Culpeper was seiz'd, and his Ma*, who was all the while in his bed-chamber, order'd him to be carried to the Green Cloth Officer, who sent him to the Marshalsea as he deserv'd. My Lord Devon had nothing said to him. I supp'd this night at Lambeth at my old friend's Mr. Elias Ashmole's (68), with my Lady Clarendon, ye Bishop of St. Asaph (57), and Dr. Tenison (48), when we were treated at a greate feast.

In 1687 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (46) commissioned the re-building of Chatsworth House, Chatsworth, Derbyshire. He initially planned to reconstruct only the south wing with the State Apartments, and so he decided to retain the Elizabethan courtyard plan, though this layout was becoming increasingly unfashionable. He enjoyed building and reconstructed the East Front, which included the Painted Hall and Long Gallery, followed by the West Front from 1699 to 1702. The North Front was completed in 1707 just before he died.

In 1689 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (48) was appointed 498th Knight Garter: William III and Mary II.

In 1689 Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire -1689 died.

Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven

In 1694 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (53) was created 1st Duke Devonshire by William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (43) in recognition of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (53) 's support of the Glorious Revolution he having been one of the signatories of the Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven. Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (48) by marriage Duchess Devonshire.

In 1697 John Closterman 1660-1711 (37). Portrait of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (56).

Before 1707 James Cavendish 1706-1751 was born to William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (66) and Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (60).

On 18 Aug 1707 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (67) died. His son William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire 1672-1729 (35) succeeded as 2nd Duke Devonshire, 5th Earl Devonshire. Rachel Russell Duchess Devonshire 1674-1725 (33) by marriage Duchess Devonshire.

Before 1708 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707.

In 1710 Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (64) died.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Cavendish

Maternal Family Tree: Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk 1536-1567

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 24 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 16 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 21 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 17 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 11 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 13 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214

Kings Franks: Great x 15 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 11 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684


GrandFather: William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628


Great GrandFather: William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626


Great x 2 GrandFather: William Cavendish 1505-1557


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Cavendish 1472-1524


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Smith 1478-1515


Great x 2 GrandMother: Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford 1527-1608


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hardwick -1528


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Leeke 1497-1556


Great GrandMother: Anne Keighley 1563-1625


Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Keighley 1543-1567


GrandMother: Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675


Great GrandFather: Edward Bruce 1st Lord Kinloss 1548-1611


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward Bruce 1505-1565


Mother: Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire -1689 10 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury 1591-1668 9 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612


Great x 2 GrandFather: William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Cecil 1495-1553


Great x 3 GrandMother: Jane Heckington -1587


Great x 2 GrandMother: Mildred Cooke 1526-1589


Great x 3 GrandFather: Anthony Cooke 1504-1576


Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Fitzwilliam 1504-1588


Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Brooke 1562-1597 8 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 7 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 6 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Braye Baroness Cobham 1501-


Great x 2 GrandMother: Frances Newton Baroness Cobham 1539-1592


GrandMother: Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury 9 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 8 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 7 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Howard 1516-1547 7 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Frances Vere 1517-1577 6 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 8 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley Waldon -1564 7 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandMother: Mary Dacre Baroness Audley Waldon 1563-1578 8 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Dacre 4th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1527-1566 7 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Dacre 3rd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1493-1563 6 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Talbot Baroness Dacre Gilsland 6 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk 1536-1567


Great x 3 GrandFather: James Leybourne 1490-1548