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Cambridgeshire

Barnwell Castle

In Aug 1144 Geoffrey Mandeville 1st Earl Essex -1144 was killed at Barnwell Castle. His Son William Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex -1166 succeeded 2nd Earl Essex (1C 1139).

On Aug 1144 William Saye 1106-1144 (38) was killed at Barnwell Castle.

Caldecote

On 22 Dec 1678 William North 6th Baron North 1678-1734 was born to Charles North 1st Baron Grey Rolleston, 5th Baron North 1636-1691 (42) and Catherine Grey Baroness North, Baroness Grey Rolleston 1631-1694 (47) in Caldecote.

Cambridge

On 16 Jun 1514 John Cheke 1514-1557 was born to Peter Cheke at Cambridge.

Cambridge University, Cambridge

Around 1536 Gregory Cromwell 1st Baron Cromwell Oakham 1520-1551 (16) educated at Cambridge University, Cambridge.

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (30) visited Cambridge University, Cambridge accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (54) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43). William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. John Astley Master of the Jewel House 1507-1595 (57) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. .

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1607 Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover 1580-1666 (27) educated at Cambridge University, Cambridge.

In 1652 John Temple 1632-1705 (19) was awarded as Master of Arts: Cambridge University at Cambridge University, Cambridge.

William "Belted" Howard 1563-1640 educated at Cambridge University, Cambridge.

See Caius College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Christ's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Clare College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Emmanuel College, Cambridge University

See Gonville College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Jesus College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See King's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Magdalene College aka Buckingham, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Pembroke College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Peterhouse College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Queen's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See St Catherine's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See St John's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge

See Trinity Hall, Cambridge University, Cambridge

Chesterton

Rampton, Chesterton

Before 1213 Robert Lisle 1212-1262 was born at Rampton, Chesterton.

Cheveley

On 08 Sep 1874 George John Manners 1820-1874 (54) died at Cheveley.

Chilford

Linton, Chilford

Horseheath, Linton, Chilford

On 03 Aug 1641 Hildebrand Alington 5th Baron Alington 1641-1723 was born to William Alington 1st Baron Alington 1611-1648 (30) and Elizabeth Tollemache Baroness Alington -1671 at Horseheath, Linton, Chilford.

Chippenham

Chippenham

In 1710. John James Baker -1725. Known as "Whig_Junto". From www.tate.org ... This is a portrait of a political group named the Whig Junto and a Black servant, whose identity is unknown. It is the only known portrait of the Junto, which was an ideologically close-knit group of political peers who formed the leadership of the Whig party in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The members of the group are shown gathered together on a grand terrace, while a vista onto a garden is revealed by the Black servant, who holds back a heavy velvet curtain. The grand architectural setting is imagined, and is deliberately evocative of power and status. The picture was commissioned by Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford (57), who stands on the right, as if welcoming the company. It is not known if Orford (57) had a Black servant in his household or whether the individual was included to emphasise Orford’s (57) wealth and social standing. At the time, Britain was profiting heavily from the trade of enslaved people from West Africa. The presence of Black servants, many of whom were enslaved, in both aristocratic and merchant households had come to symbolise property and wealth. This reflected the dehumanising view of enslaved Black people held by the British elite.
The scene conjures one of the Junto’s country house meetings where, in between parliamentary sessions, policy and party strategy were formulated. From left to right the sitters round the table can be identified as Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (34); Thomas Wharton, 1st Marquess of Wharton (61); John Somers, 1st Baron Somers; Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax (48); and William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire (38). The lavish surroundings probably represent Orford’s (57) house, Chippenham, where Junto meetings sometimes took place. It was also ideally located for the nearby Newmarket horse races, which the members of the Junto frequently attended when parliament was not sitting.
The portrait is dated 1710, before the crushing electoral defeat of the Whigs in October of that year. It shows the political allies while in power, when Sunderland (34) was Secretary of State, Wharton (61) Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Somers Lord President of the Privy Council, Devonshire (38) Lord Steward and a member of the Privy Council, and Orford (57) First Lord of the Admiralty. On the surface the portrait shows a relaxed gathering of fellow connoisseurs, seated round a table consulting antique medals and books of prints. Fittingly, Somers and Halifax (48) sit at the centre of the company, holding a book and handling a medal respectively. Both were known collectors and antiquarians – Somers was one of the founders of the Whig Kit-Cat Club, a convivial drinking and dining club, but which also had a political propagandist agenda; he had also purchased the Resta collection of drawings from Italy in 1709. Halifax (48) had a celebrated library and a collection of antique medals (sold in 1740), to which those being consulted presumably allude. Behind this exterior of cultural appreciation, however, the portrait advertises Whig policy in 1709–10, which supported the continuation of war against France in opposition to Tory calls for peace. The two visible prints are friezes from Trajan’s column showing episodes from the Dacian wars, with the Roman army crossing the Danube. The viewer is invited to make parallels between the valour and victories of the Roman emperors and the current military greatness achieved for Britain by the Duke of Marlborough’s campaigns. The globe, showing the Pacific, presumably alludes to Whig foreign policy ambitions beyond Europe. By defeating France in Europe, they aimed to gain commercial access to Spanish American trade routes. It reflects the competitive European colonial pursuit of new markets, including the selling of enslaved West African people to Spanish territories overseas.
John James Baker (or Backer, or Bakker) is thought to have been Flemish, from Antwerp. He was Godfrey Kneller’s (1646–1723) long-time studio assistant and drapery painter, and this is his largest, most ambitious and complex work. The symbolic programme was presumably devised by Orford in discussion with Baker. The Duke of Devonshire was not a regular member of the Junto, although an increasingly important Whig peer, but his inclusion here is presumably because of his kinship relationship with Orford. The picture is thus a demonstration of Orford’s private as well as proFessional networks, and also his pride and ambition. It would have been displayed at Chippenham in the newly appointed, fashionable interiors, alongside other works that Orford commissioned to advertise his public achievement and the private and proFessional networks that sustained his power and influence.

Around 1715 Thomas Gibson 1680-1751 (35). Portrait of Edward Russell 1st Earl Orford 1653-1727 (62).

Around 1682 Thomas Murray 1663-1735 (19). Portrait of Edward Russell 1st Earl Orford 1653-1727 (29) and Captain John Benbow (1653–1702), and Admiral Ralph Delavall (c.1645–1707).

In 1714. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (55). Portrait of Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1661-1715 (52).

Around 1715. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (56). Portrait of Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1661-1715 (53).

Before 04 Jun 1729 Charles Jervas 1675-1739. Portrait of William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire 1672-1729.

Cottenham

On 29 Sep 1636 Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 was born in Cottenham.

Ellington

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Wednesday 12 May 1669. Up, and to Westminster Hall, where the term is, and this the first day of my being there, and here by chance met Roger Pepys (52), come to town the last night: I was glad to see him. After some talk with him and others, and among others Sir Charles Harbord (29) and Sidney Montagu (18), the latter of whom is to set out tomorrow towards Flanders and Italy, I invited them to dine with me to-morrow, and so to Mrs. Martin’s lodging, who come to town last night, and there je did hazer her, she having been a month, I think, at Portsmouth with her husband, newly come home from the Streights. But, Lord! how silly the woman talks of her great entertainment there, and how all the gentry come to visit her, and that she believes her husband is worth 6 or 700l., which nevertheless I am glad of, but I doubt they will spend it a fast. Thence home, and after dinner my wife (28) and I to the Duke of York's Playhouse, Lincoln's Inn Fields, and there, in the side balcony, over against the musick, did hear, but not see, a new play, the first day acted, “The Roman Virgin,” an old play, and but ordinary, I thought; but the trouble of my eyes with the light of the candles did almost kill me. Thence to my Lord Sandwich’s (43), and there had a promise from Sidney (18) to come and dine with me to-morrow; and so my wife and I home in our coach, and there find my brother John, as I looked for, come to town from Ellington, where, among other things, he tell me the first news that my sister Jackson (28) is with child, and far gone, which I know not whether it did more trouble or please me, having no great care for my friends to have children; though I love other people’s. So, glad to see him, we to supper, and so to bed.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

Around 1650 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (31). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (24).

Around 1662 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (43). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (36) in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Eversden

On 08 May 1427 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 was born to John Tiptoft 1st Baron Tiptoft -1443 and Joyce Charleton Baroness Tiptoft 1404-1446 (23) at Eversden.

Exning

In 1075 Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (33) and Emma Fitzosbern Countess East Anglia were married at Exning.

Fen Ditton

Around 1340 John Henry Cheney 1340-1368 was born to Henry Cheney 1308- at Fen Ditton.

Around 1368 John Henry Cheney 1340-1368 (28) died at Fen Ditton.

Before 1422 John Cheney 1422-1489 was born to Lawrence Cheney 1396-1461 and Elizabeth Cockayne 1394-1422 at Fen Ditton. Date based on his mother's death.

On Apr 1422 Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 was born to Lawrence Cheney 1396-1461 (26) and Elizabeth Cockayne 1394-1422 at Fen Ditton.

Around 1448 Thomas Cheney 1448-1513 was born to John Cheney 1422-1489 (26) at Fen Ditton.

In 1455 Thomas Cheney 1455-1513 was born to John Cheney 1422-1489 (33) and Elizabeth Rempston 1418-1478 (37) at Fen Ditton.

On 14 Jul 1489 John Cheney 1422-1489 (67) died at Fen Ditton.

In 1513 Thomas Cheney 1455-1513 (58) died at Fen Ditton.

Grantchester

Great Shelford

Around 1615 Bridget Stanhope Countess Desmond 1615-1701 was born to Michael Stanhope 1549-1621 (66) and Elizabeth Read at Great Shelford.

Kennett

Around 1420 John Cheney 1420-1459 was born to Thomas Cheney 1394-1468 (26) at Kennett.

On 06 May 1459 John Cheney 1420-1459 (39) died at Kennett.

Kirtling

Around 1551 John North 1551-1597 was born to Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564 (55) in Kirtling.

Landwade

In 1389 Walter Cotton 1389-1445 was born at Landwade.

On 14 May 1445 Walter Cotton 1389-1445 (56) died at Landwade.

Little Abington

On 16 Apr 1981 George Cambridge 2nd Marquess Cambridge 1895-1981 (85) died at Little Abington. He was buried at Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore Estate, Home Park, Windsor.

Oundle

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Book 5 Chapter 19. In the fourth year of the reign of Osred (12), Coenred, who had for some time nobly governed the kingdom of the Mercians, much more nobly quitted the sceptre of his kingdom. For he went to Rome, and there receiving the tonsure and becoming a monk, when Constantine (45) was pope, he continued to his last hour in prayer and fasting and alms-deeds at the threshold of the Apostles. He was succeeded in the throne by Ceolred, the son of Ethelred, who had governed the kingdom before Coenred. With him went the son of Sighere, the king of the East Saxons whom we mentioned before, by name Offa, a youth of a most pleasing age and comeliness, and greatly desired by all his nation to have and to hold the sceptre of the kingdom. He, with like devotion, quitted wife, and lands, and kindred and country, for Christ and for the Gospel, that he might “receive an hundred-fold in this life, and in the world to come life everlasting.” He also, when they came to the holy places at Rome, received the tonsure, and ending his life in the monastic habit, attained to the vision of the blessed Apostles in Heaven, as he had long desired.

The same year that they departed from Britain, the great bishop, Wilfrid, ended his days in the province called Oundle, after he had been bishop forty-five years. His body, being laid in a coffin, was carried to his monastery, which is called Ripon Monastery, North Yorkshire, and buried in the church of the blessed Apostle Peter, with the honour due to so great a prelate. Concerning whose manner of life, let us now turn back, and briefly make mention of the things which were done. Being a boy of a good disposition, and virtuous beyond his years, he conducted himself so modestly and discreetly in all points, that he was deservedly beloved, respected, and cherished by his elders as one of themselves. At fourteen years of age he chose rather the monastic than the secular life; which, when he had signified to his father, for his mother was dead, he readily consented to his godly wishes and desires, and advised him to persist in that wholesome purpose. Wherefore he came to the isle of Lindisfarne, and there giving himself to the service of the monks, he strove diligently to learn and to practise those things which belong to monastic purity and piety; and being of a ready wit, he speedily learned the psalms and some other books, having not yet received the tonsure, but being in no small measure marked by those virtues of humility and obedience which are more important than the tonsure; for which reason he was justly loved by his elders and his equals. Having served God some years in that monastery, and being a youth of a good understanding, he perceived that the way of virtue delivered by the Scots was in no wise perfect, and he resolved to go to Rome, to see what ecclesiastical or monastic rites were in use at the Apostolic see. When he told the brethren, they commended his design, and advised him to carry out that which he purposed. He forthwith went to Queen Eanfled, for he was known to her, and it was by her counsel and support that he had been admitted into the aforesaid monastery, and he told her of his desire to visit the threshold of the blessed Apostles. She, being pleased with the youth's good purpose, sent him into Kent, to King Earconbert,8 who was her uncle's son, requesting that he would send him to Rome in an honourable manner. At that time, Honorius, one of the disciples of the blessed Pope Gregory, a man very highly instructed in ecclesiastical learning, was archbishop there. When he had tarried there for a space, and, being a youth of an active spirit, was diligently applying himself to learn those things which came under his notice, another youth, called Biscop, surnamed Benedict, of the English nobility, arrived there, being likewise desirous to go to Rome, of whom we have before made mention.

John Creed -1701 was born in Oundle.

Peterborough

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 Aug. 30 Aug 1654. Taking leave of my friends, who had now feasted me more than a month, I, with my wife, etc., set our faces toward home, and got this evening to Peterborough, passing by a stately palace (Thorpe) of St. John's (one deep in the blood of our good king), built out of the ruins of the Bishop's palace and cloister. The church is exceeding fair, full of monuments of great antiquity. Here lies Queen Catherine, the unhappy wife of Henry VIII, and the no less unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots. On the steeple, we viewed the fens of Lincolnshire, now much inclosed and drained with infinite expense, and by many sluices, cuts, mounds, and ingenious mills, and the like inventions; at which the city and country about it consisting of a poor and very lazy sort of people, were much displeased.
Peterborough is a handsome town, and hath another well-built church.

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43).Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1559 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (49). Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (16).

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (33).

Orton Longueville, Peterborough

On 04 Jan 1792 Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly 1792-1863 was born to George Gordon 9th Marquess Huntly 1761-1853 (30) and Charlotte Anne Cope Marchioness Huntly in Orton Longueville, Peterborough.

See Peterborough Cathedral

Sawston

In 1466 William Huddlestone 1466-1509 was born to John Huddlestone 7th Lord Millom 1425-1494 (41) and Mary Fenwick Lady Millom -1513 at Sawston.

In 1481 Richard Huddlestone 1481-1557 was born to William Huddlestone 1466-1509 (15) and Isabel Neville 1457-1516 (23) at Sawston.

In 1491 John Huddlestone 1491-1530 was born to William Huddlestone 1466-1509 (25) and Isabel Neville 1457-1516 (33) in Sawston.

In 1509 William Huddlestone 1466-1509 (43) died at Sawston.

Around 1510 Anne Huddlestone 1510-1562 was born to Richard Huddlestone 1481-1557 (29) and Margery Smythe at Sawston.

In Jul 1517 John Huddlestone 1517-1557 was born to John Huddlestone 1491-1530 (26) in Sawston.

Lucy Huddlestone was born to Richard Huddlestone 1481-1557 and Margery Smythe at Sawston.

Elizabeth Huddlestone was born to Richard Huddlestone 1481-1557 at Sawston.

Soham

In 1456 William Brandon 1456-1485 was born to William Brandon 1425-1491 (31) and Elizabeth Wingfield -1497 at Soham.

On 30 Jun 1577 Frances Vere 1517-1577 (60) died at Soham. He was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay.

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (36). Drawing of Frances Vere 1517-1577 (16).

Staine

Bottisham, Staine

In 1460 John Middleton Merchant of Calais 1460-1509 was born in Bottisham, Staine.

In 1501 Alice Middleton 1501-1563 was born to John Middleton Merchant of Calais 1460-1509 (41) in Bottisham, Staine.

Before 1509 John Middleton Merchant of Calais 1460-1509 died in Bottisham, Staine.

On 16 Sep 1635 Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge 1635-1691 was baptised at Bottisham, Staine.

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge 1635-1691 (28).

Stapleford

On 05 Feb 1808 Sidney Osborne 1808-1889 was born to Francis Osborne 1st Baron Godolphin 1777-1850 (30) and Elizabeth Charlotte Eden Baroness Godolphin 1780-1847 (28) at Stapleford.

Before 1839. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of Elizabeth Charlotte Eden Baroness Godolphin 1780-1847.

Stoneley

Stoneley Priory, Stoneley

Wicken

Wicken Church, Wicken

On 23 Mar 1674 Henry Cromwell 1628-1674 (46) died. He was buried at Wicken Church, Wicken.

Wimpole

St Andrew's Church, Wimpole

On 18 Nov 1834 Philip Yorke 3rd Earl Hardwicke 1757-1834 (77) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Wimpole. His Nephew Charles Yorke 4th Earl Hardwicke 1799-1873 (35) succeeded 4th Earl Hardwicke. Susan Liddell Countess Hardwicke 1810-1886 (24) by marriage Countess Hardwicke.

Wimpole Hall, Wimpole

Wisbech

Wisbech Castle, Wisbech