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City of London

CONTENT

851 Battle of Oakley

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1376 Good Parliament

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1397 Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1462 Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

1483 Buckingham's Rebellion

1485 Execution of Roger Clifford

1495 Perkin Warbreck Plot

1499 Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

1502 Trial of James Tyrrell

1521 Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1535 Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1536 Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1538 Exeter Conspiracy

1540 Execution of Thomas Cromwell

1549 Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

1552 Edward Seymour's Execution

1553 Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

1553 Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

1554 Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

1601 Essex Rebellion

1641 Execution of the Earl of Strafford

1644 Execution of Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet

1645 Parliament Executes the Hothams

1660 Coronation Charles II

1680 Execution of William Howard 1st Viscount Stafford

1683 Rye House Plot

1683 Frost Fair

1685 Argyll's Rising

1685 Battle of Sedgemoor

Battle of Oakley

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . In the year of our Lord's incarnation 851 , which was the third after the birth of king Alfred, Ceorl, earl of Devon , fought with the men of Devon against the pagans at a place called Wiegambeorg ; and the Christians gained the victory; and that same year the pagans first wintered in the island called Sheppey , which means the Sheep-isle, and is situated in the river Thames between Essex and Kent, but is nearer to Kent than to Essex; it has in it a fine monastery.
The same year also a great army of the pagans came with three hundred and fifty ships to the mouth of the river Thames, and sacked Dorobernia , which is the city of the Cantuarians, and also the city of London , which lies on the north bank of the river Thames , on the confines of Essex and Middlesex; but yet that city belongs in truth to Essex; and they put to flight Berthwulf, king of Mercia , with all the army, which he had led out to oppose them.
After these things, the aforesaid pagan host went into Surrey, which is a district situated on the south bank of the river Thames, and to the west of Kent. And Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons , and his son Ethelbald , with all their army, fought a long time against them at a place called Ac-lea , i.e. the Oak-plain, and there, after a lengthened battle , which was fought with much bravery on both sides, the greater part of the pagan multitude was destroyed and cut to pieces, so that we never heard of their being so defeated, either before or since, in any country, in one day; and the Christians gained an honourable victory, and were triumphant over their graves.
In the same year king Athelstan , son of king Ethelwulf , and earl Ealhere slew a large army of pagans in Kent, at a place called Sandwich , and took nine ships of their fleet; the others escaped by flight.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (37) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (22) at City of London .

On 24 Mar 1275 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 (32) died at City of London . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London .

On 07 Nov 1306 John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (40) was hanged on a scaffold thirty feet higher than the others to denote his status at City of London . His son David Strathbogie 10th Earl Atholl -1326 succeeded as 10th Earl Atholl (1C ) .

In 1352 William Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria 1330-1389 (21) and Maud Plantagenet Duchess Lower Bavaria 1339-1362 (12) were married at City of London . Maud Plantagenet Duchess Lower Bavaria 1339-1362 (12) by marriage Duchess Lower Bavaria . William Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria 1330-1389 (21) by marriage 5th Earl Leicester (2C 1265) .

In 1357 Thomas Manny 1357-1362 was born to Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (47) and Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk -1399 at City of London .

In 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) was imprisoned at City of London

On 09 Feb 1372 Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (18) made a ceremonial entry at City of London

Good Parliament

After 28 Apr 1376 William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (46) impeached (the earliest impeachment in England) at City of London during the Good Parliament

Before 30 Sep 1388 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (21) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (20) at City of London

On 27 Sep 1450 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (39) arrived at City of London .

Before Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 (23) was imprisoned at City of London

On Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 (23) was executed by Henry VIII (40) for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armour at City of London

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1643 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (24) arrived in City of London .

Around 1641 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (22) . Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (14) .

Around 1647 . Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680 (28) . Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (29) although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.

Around 1648 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (29) . Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (21) .

Around 1655 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (36) . Portrait of Frances Cromwell Baronetess Russell 1638-1720 (17) .

Around 1655 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (36) . Portrait of (probably) Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield 1635-1654 .A three quarter-length portrait of a young woman, seated, looking slightly to the left, her right hand on the head of a sculptured dolphin-fountain and wearing a grey dress, with an old-gold mantle against a foliage background.

Around 1661 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (42) . Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar .

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44) . Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24) . Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45) . Portrait of Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge 1635-1691 (28) .

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45) . Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45) . Portrait of Margaret Brooke -1667 .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Mary Bagot Countess Falmouth.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (38) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (19) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (48) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1668 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (49) . Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury.

Around 1670 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (51) . Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury.

Around 1672 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (53) . Postumous portrait of Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55) Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

Around 1673 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (54) . Portrait of Margaret "Peg" Hughes 1630-1719 (43) .

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56) . Portrait of Diana Kirke Countess Oxford 1673-1719 (1) .

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (48) .

Around 1678 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (59) . Portrait of Francis Beckford .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of Diana Kirke Countess Oxford 1673-1719 (7) .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (31) .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769 (-16) .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (64) wearing his Garter Robes .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of Elizabeth Malet Countess Rochester 1651-1681 (29) .

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680 . Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28) .

On Feb 1666 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) returned at City of London .

On 18 Apr 1895 William Grey 9th Earl Stamford, 5th Earl Warrington 1850-1910 (45) and Penelope Theobald Countess Stamford, Countess Warrington -1959 were married at City of London . Penelope Theobald Countess Stamford, Countess Warrington -1959 by marriage Countess Stamford , Earl Warrington (2C 1796) .

On 27 Oct 1896 Roger Grey 10th Earl Stamford, 6th Earl Warrington 1896-1976 was born to William Grey 9th Earl Stamford, 5th Earl Warrington 1850-1910 (46) and Penelope Theobald Countess Stamford, Countess Warrington -1959 at City of London

Aldgate, City of London

Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

On 03 Aug 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate , which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (19) , and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56) , and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80) , who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26) , son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70) , deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56) . They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Great Minories, Aldgate, City of London

Sphere & Sun Diall, Great Minories, Aldgate, City of London

Around 1654 John Brown Instrument Maker -1697 was working from the Sphere & Sun Diall, Great Minories, Aldgate, City of London

Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate, City of London

Aldersgate, City of London

Aldersgate Street, Aldersgate, City of London

Excise Office, Aldersgate Street, Aldersgate, City of London

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Tuesday 04 May 1669 . Up, and to the office , and then my wife (28) being gone to see her mother at Deptford , I before the office sat went to the Excise Office , and thence being alone stepped into Duck Lane , and thence tried to have sent a porter to Deb.’s (18) , but durst not trust him, and therefore having bought a book to satisfy the bookseller for my stay there, a 12d. book, Andronicus of Tom Fuller , I took coach, and at the end of Jewen Street next Red Cross Street I sent the coachman to her lodging, and understand she is gone for Greenwich to one Marys’s, a tanner’s, at which I, was glad, hoping to have opportunity to find her out; and so, in great fear of being seen, I to the office , and there all the morning, dined at home, and presently after dinner comes home my wife (28) , who I believe is jealous of my spending the day, and I had very good fortune in being at home, for if Deb. (18) had been to have been found it is forty to one but I had been abroad, God forgive me. So the afternoon at the office, and at night walked with my wife (28) in the garden, and my Lord Brouncker (49) with us, who is newly come to W. Pen’s (48) lodgings; and by and by comes Mr. Hooke (33) ; and my Lord (43) , and he, and I into my Lord’s lodgings, and there discoursed of many fine things in philosophy, to my great content, and so home to supper and to bed.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Friday 28 May 1669 . To St. James’s , where the King’s (38) being with the Duke of York (35) prevented a meeting of the Tangier Commission . But, Lord! what a deal of sorry discourse did I hear between the King (38) and several Lords about him here! but very mean methought. So with Creed to the Excise Office , and back to White Hall , where, in the Park, Sir G. Carteret (59) did give me an account of his discourse lately, with the Commissioners of Accounts, who except against many things, but none that I find considerable; among others, that of the Officers of the Navy selling of the King’s (38) goods, and particularly my providing him with calico flags, which having been by order, and but once, when necessity, and the King’s (38) apparent profit, justified it, as conformable to my particular duty, it will prove to my advantage that it be enquired into. Nevertheless, having this morning received from them a demand of an account of all monies within their cognizance, received and issued by me, I was willing, upon this hint, to give myself rest, by knowing whether their meaning therein might reach only to my Treasurership for Tangier, or the monies employed on this occasion. I went, therefore, to them this afternoon, to understand what monies they meant, where they answered me, by saying, “The eleven months’ tax, customs, and prizemoney,” without mentioning, any more than I demanding, the service they respected therein; and so, without further discourse, we parted, upon very good terms of respect, and with few words, but my mind not fully satisfied about the monies they mean. At noon Mr. Gibson and I dined at the Swan , and thence doing this at Brook house , and thence calling at the Excise Office for an account of payment of my tallies for Tangier, I home, and thence with my wife (28) and brother spent the evening on the water, carrying our supper with us, as high as Chelsea; so home, making sport with the Westerne bargees, and my wife (28) and I singing, to my great content.

Jewen Street, Aldersgate, City of London

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Tuesday 04 May 1669 . Up, and to the office , and then my wife (28) being gone to see her mother at Deptford , I before the office sat went to the Excise Office , and thence being alone stepped into Duck Lane , and thence tried to have sent a porter to Deb.’s (18) , but durst not trust him, and therefore having bought a book to satisfy the bookseller for my stay there, a 12d. book, Andronicus of Tom Fuller , I took coach, and at the end of Jewen Street next Red Cross Street I sent the coachman to her lodging, and understand she is gone for Greenwich to one Marys’s, a tanner’s, at which I, was glad, hoping to have opportunity to find her out; and so, in great fear of being seen, I to the office , and there all the morning, dined at home, and presently after dinner comes home my wife (28) , who I believe is jealous of my spending the day, and I had very good fortune in being at home, for if Deb. (18) had been to have been found it is forty to one but I had been abroad, God forgive me. So the afternoon at the office, and at night walked with my wife (28) in the garden, and my Lord Brouncker (49) with us, who is newly come to W. Pen’s (48) lodgings; and by and by comes Mr. Hooke (33) ; and my Lord (43) , and he, and I into my Lord’s lodgings, and there discoursed of many fine things in philosophy, to my great content, and so home to supper and to bed.

Austin Friars, City of London

In 1458 Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (56) was appointed as Treasurer of the Royal Household . He was buried at Austin Friars, City of London .

After 06 May 1502 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 was buried at Austin Friars, City of London

Bassishaw, City of London

St Alphege London Wall aka Cripplegate, Bassishaw, City of London

On 10 Oct 1560 William Drury 1527-1579 (33) and Margery Wentworth were married at St Alphege London Wall aka Cripplegate, Bassishaw, City of London .

St Michael Bassishaw, Bassishaw, City of London

On 23 Oct 1556 John Gresham Lord Mayor 1495-1556 (61) died . He was buried at St Michael Bassishaw, Bassishaw, City of London

Blackfriars, City of London

Bread Street, City of London

On 09 Dec 1608 John Milton Poet 1608-1674 was born to John Milton Composer 1562-1647 (46) and Sara Jeffrey 1572-1637 (36) in Bread Street, City of London .

Church of Augustin Friars, Bread Street, City of London

In 1388 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (42) was appointed as Governor Brest . He was buried at Church of Augustin Friars, Bread Street, City of London

St Mildred's Church, Bread Street, City of London

On 02 Aug 1669 Edward Worth Bishop Killaloe 1620-1669 (49) died at Hackney, Middlesex . He was buried at St Mildred's Church, Bread Street, City of London .

On 03 Oct 1791 Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter 1754-1804 (37) and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter 1774-1797 (17) were married at St Mildred's Church, Bread Street, City of London .

Bishopsgate, City of London

In 1660 Alderman Thomas Backwell 1618-1683 (42) was elected Alderman of Bishopsgate, City of London .

St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 27 Jan 1569 Aemilia Bassano 1569-1645 was baptised at St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London .

On 11 Mar 1603 John Savage 2nd Earl Rivers 1603-1654 was christened at St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 12 Jan 1667 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson 1667-1745 was born in St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London .

Around 1710 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson 1667-1745 (42) . Portrait of Elizabeth Banks Countess Aylesford .

Before 1724 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson 1667-1745 (56) . Portrait of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724 (62) .

Around 1730 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson 1667-1745 (62) . Portrait of Rich Ingram 5th Viscount Irvine 1688-1721 . Cromwell Museum .

Around 1739 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson 1667-1745 (71) . Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1699-1749 (40) . Cromwell Museum .

In Mar 1691 John Riley 1646-1691 (45) died of gout . He was buried in St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London .

On 29 Jan 1663 . John Riley 1646-1691 (17) . Portrait of Robert Sanderson Bishop Lincoln 1587-1663 (75) .

In 1682 . John Riley 1646-1691 (36) . Portrait of Mary Morice Baronetess Carew 1671-1698 (10) .

Around 1682 . John Riley 1646-1691 (36) . Portrait of Elias Ashmole 1617-1692 (64) .

Before 16 Apr 1685 . John Riley 1646-1691 (39) . Portrait of Thomas Otway 1652-1685 .

Around 1685 . John Riley 1646-1691 (39) . Portrait of Dorothy Mason Baronetess Brownlow 1667-1700 (18) .

Around 1685 . John Riley 1646-1691 (39) . Believed to be a portrait of Frances Windebank wife of Edward Hales 3rd Baronet Hales Woodchurch and Tunstall 1645-1695 (40) .

Around 1685 . John Riley 1646-1691 (39) . Portrait of Alice Sherard Baronetess Brownlow 1659-1721 (26) .

Around 1687 . John Riley 1646-1691 (41) . Portrait of Edmund Waller Poet 1606-1687 (80) .

In 1687 . John Riley 1646-1691 (41) . Portrait of Elias Ashmole 1617-1692 (69) .

In 1689 . John Riley 1646-1691 (43) . Portrait of Robert Boyle 1627-1691 (62) .

Before 16 May 1680 . John Riley 1646-1691 (34) and John Closterman 1660-1711 (20) . Portrait of William Blackett 1st Baronet 1621-1680 (59) .

Before 1685 . John Riley 1646-1691 (38) . Portrait of Harbottle Grimston 2nd Baronet of Bradfield 1603-1685 (81) .

Before 1690 . John Riley 1646-1691 (43) . Portrait of Mary Lake 1668-1712 (21) . Frequently described as 'Mary Lake Duchess of Chandos' Mary died two years before her husband James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos 1673-1744 (16) was created Duke on 19 Oct 1714 .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of Elizabeth Sherard 1679-1747 (11) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (57) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of Anne Weston 1640-1702 (50) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of John Sherard 1st Baronet Lobthorpe 1662-1724 (28) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of John Carew 3rd Baronet Carew 1635-1692 (55) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of Anne Morice Baronetess Pole 1653- .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of John Dryden Poet 1631-1700 (59) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of Frances Cromwell Baronetess Russell 1638-1720 (52) .

New Churchyard, St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 28 Oct 1656 Stephen Bachiler 1561-1656 (95) died . He was buried at New Churchyard, St Botolph's without Bishopgate, Bishopsgate, City of London

St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London

Around 1521 Robert Knollys -1521 died . He was buried at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London .

On 13 Oct 1542 William Holles Lord Mayor 1471-1542 (71) died . He was buried at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 13 Mar 1543 Elizabeth Scopham -1543 died . She was buried at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London .

On Jan 1565 William St Lo 1518-1565 (47) died suddenly in the company of his brother Edward St Lo 1519-1578 (46) . He was buried in St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 21 Nov 1579 Thomas Gresham 1519-1579 (60) died of apoplexy . He was buried in St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London .

On 22 Mar 1610 John Spencer Lord Mayor -1610 was buried at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 07 Feb 1677 Charles Edwin was baptised at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London

On 01 Oct 1678 Stephen Anderson 2nd Baronet Anderson 1678-1741 was born to Stephen Anderson 1st Baronet Anderson 1644-1707 (34) . He was baptised at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London on the same day.

Before 05 Jul 1703 John Eyles Lord Mayor -1703 died .On 05 Jul 1703 John Eyles Lord Mayor -1703 was buried in St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London .

On 05 Jun 1716 Francis Eyles 1st Baronet Eyles -1716 was buried at St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, City of London .

Bridewell Palace, City of London

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6) , Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset , 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33) .
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland , Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle .
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525) .
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525) .
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41) , Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47) ,
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52) , William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Bridewell Palace .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant .

Bridge, City of London

Tower Bridge, Bridge, City of London

St Magnus the Martyr Church, Bridge, City of London

London Bridge, Bridge, City of London

Execution of William Wallace

On 23 Aug 1305 William Wallace -1305 was hanged at Elms, Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London .His head being displayed on London Bridge, Bridge, City of London .

On 22 Sep 1471 Thomas "Bastard of Fauconberg" Neville 1429-1471 (42) was beheaded at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire . His head was displayed at London Bridge, Bridge, City of London

St George's Day Jousting

On 23 May 1390, St George's Day, a Jousting Tournament was held at London Bridge, Bridge, City of London . David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford 1360-1407 so easily unhorsed the King's Champion John Welles 5th Baron Welles 1352-1421 as to make the crowd suspect Lindsay of foul play by fastening himself to his saddle.To prove the crowd wrong David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford 1360-1407 leapt from his horse in full armour, then back again. Realising John Welles 5th Baron Welles 1352-1421 was injured he rushed to his aid. He visited Welles every day until he recovered. The two became firm friends.

Broad Street, City of London

St Peter le Poer, Broad Street, City of London

On 04 Nov 1566 Henry Killegrew 1528-1603 (38) and Katherine Cooke were married at St Peter le Poer, Broad Street, City of London

On 07 Nov 1590 Henry Killegrew 1528-1603 (62) and Jaél Peigne were married at St Peter le Poer, Broad Street, City of London

On 06 Jul 1630 Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover 1580-1666 (50) and Mary Morris Countess Dover -1648 were married at St Peter le Poer, Broad Street, City of London . Mary Morris Countess Dover -1648 by marriage Countess Dover .

See Camden, City of London

Candlewick Ward, City of London

Crooked Lane, Candlewick Ward, City of London

Church of St Michael, Crooked Lane, Candlewick Ward, City of London

In 1385 William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385 died . He was buried at Church of St Michael, Crooked Lane, Candlewick Ward, City of London .

See Castle Baynard, City of London

Cheap Ward, City of London

St Martin Pomeroy aka St Martin Ironmonger Lane, Cheap Ward, City of London

On 11 Jan 1478 Ralph Verney 1410-1478 (68) died . He was buried at St Martin Pomeroy aka St Martin Ironmonger Lane, Cheap Ward, City of London .

See Cheapside, City of London

Cordwainer Ward, City of London

St Benet Sherehog, Cordwainer Ward, City of London

Around May 1547 Edward Hall 1496-1548 (51) died . He was buried in St Benet Sherehog, Cordwainer Ward, City of London .

Cripplegate Ward, City of London

On 19 Oct 1624 Robert Howard 1624- was born illegitimately to Robert Howard 1584-1653 (40) and Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck 1602-1645 (22) in Cripplegate Ward, City of London .Illegitimate.His father probably Robert Howard 1584-1653 (40) with whom his mother was having a long term affair.

Milk Street, Cripplegate Ward, City of London

Church of St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, Cripplegate Ward, City of London

On 03 Jun 1514 William Browne Lord Mayor -1514 died . He was buried at Church of St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, Cripplegate Ward, City of London

Farringdon Within, City of London

Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

On 24 Mar 1275 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 (32) died at City of London . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London .

On 16 Feb 1303 Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (60) died at Alcester, Warwickshire . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

On 04 Jan 1344 Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 (55) died . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London . His son John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (26) succeeded as 2nd Baron Lisle of Rougemont (2C 1311) .

On 07 Sep 1362 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (41) died of plague at Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London .

On 22 Feb 1393 John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (56) died . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London . His son John Devereux 2nd Baron Devereux 1378-1396 (15) succeeded as 2nd Baron Devereux .

In 1414 John Norbury 1375-1414 (39) died at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

On 21 Jun 1488 Elizabeth Norbury 1438-1488 (50) died at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

On 28 Jan 1501 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (68) died at Lambeth, Surrey . He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

In 1503 Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (70) died at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

Around 1503 Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (70) was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

St Ann Blackfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

On 23 Oct 1615 Allen Apsley 1567-1630 (48) and Lucy St John 1593-1658 (22) were married at St Ann Blackfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London

Farringdon Without, City of London

In 1599 Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (41) was elected Alderman of Farringdon Without, City of London .

Fetter Lane, Farringdon Without, City of London

On 31 Jan 1603 the will of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (68) was proved.He asked to be buried in St George's Church, Esher, Surrey . He appointed his son Francis Drake -1634 as his executor.He left his widow Ursula Stafford 1553- the lease on the manor of Walton-on-Thames, Elmbridge, Surrey , as well as a house on Fetter Lane, Farringdon Without, City of London and his coach and horses.

Around 1577 George Gower 1540-1596 (37) . Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42) .
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable ; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven argent and sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant argent crowned gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London

Peasant's Revolt

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London .During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385 . Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7) .

Bigod's Rebellion

On 25 May 1537 Margaret Stafford 1511-1537 (26) burned at the stake at Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London .

10 May 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 May . Passing by Smithfield , I saw a miserable creature burning, who had murdered her husband. I went to see some workmanship of that admirable artist, Reeves, famous for perspective, and turning curiosities in ivory.

Duck Lane, Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Tuesday 04 May 1669 . Up, and to the office , and then my wife (28) being gone to see her mother at Deptford , I before the office sat went to the Excise Office , and thence being alone stepped into Duck Lane , and thence tried to have sent a porter to Deb.’s (18) , but durst not trust him, and therefore having bought a book to satisfy the bookseller for my stay there, a 12d. book, Andronicus of Tom Fuller , I took coach, and at the end of Jewen Street next Red Cross Street I sent the coachman to her lodging, and understand she is gone for Greenwich to one Marys’s, a tanner’s, at which I, was glad, hoping to have opportunity to find her out; and so, in great fear of being seen, I to the office , and there all the morning, dined at home, and presently after dinner comes home my wife (28) , who I believe is jealous of my spending the day, and I had very good fortune in being at home, for if Deb. (18) had been to have been found it is forty to one but I had been abroad, God forgive me. So the afternoon at the office, and at night walked with my wife (28) in the garden, and my Lord Brouncker (49) with us, who is newly come to W. Pen’s (48) lodgings; and by and by comes Mr. Hooke (33) ; and my Lord (43) , and he, and I into my Lord’s lodgings, and there discoursed of many fine things in philosophy, to my great content, and so home to supper and to bed.

Elms, Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London

Execution of William Wallace

On 23 Aug 1305 William Wallace -1305 was hanged at Elms, Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London .His head being displayed on London Bridge, Bridge, City of London .

St Bartholomew-the-Less, Farringdon Without, City of London

On 15 Jul 1650 Robert Kemp 2nd Baronet Kemp 1628-1710 (22) and Mary Kerridge Baronetess Kemp -1655 were married at St Bartholomew-the-Less, Farringdon Without, City of London . Mary Kerridge Baronetess Kemp -1655 by marriage Baronetess Kemp of Gissing in Norfolk .

On 12 Jan 1665 Fulke Greville 5th Baron Brooke 1643-1710 (21) and Sarah Dashwood Baroness Brooke 1646-1705 (19) were married at St Bartholomew-the-Less, Farringdon Without, City of London .

Whitefriars, Farringdon Without, City of London

On 10 Feb 1383 John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (17) died . He was buried at Whitefriars, Farringdon Without, City of London . His brother Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (14) succeeded as 6th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 7th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .

Dorset House, Fleet Street, City of London

George Croke's House, Fleet Street, City of London

Globe Tavern, Fleet Street, City of London

Before 20 Nov 1684 William Estcourt 3rd Baronet 1654-1684 served as foreman of the jury which acquitted Edward Nosworthy (46) . During the course of the celebrations that followed in the Globe Tavern, Fleet Street, City of London an altercation broke out between Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742 (32) and Francis Stonehouse 1654-1738 (31) . William Estcourt 3rd Baronet 1654-1684 was killed by either or both Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742 (32) and Francis Stonehouse 1654-1738 (31) . Both were fined and pardoned.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec . 20 Dec 1684 . A villainous murder was perpetrated by Mr. St. John (32) , eldest son to S' Walter St. John (62) , a worthy gentleman, on a knight of quality*, in a tavern . The offender was sentenc'd and repriev'd. So many horrid murders and duels were committed about this time as were never before heard of in England, which gave much cause of complaint and murmurings.

Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, City of London

St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street, City of London

On 28 May 1571 Edward Bulstrode of Hedgerley Bulstrode Buckinghamshire -1598 and Cecill Croke were married at St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street, City of London

On 09 Jun 1572 Thomas Wenman 1548-1577 (24) and Jane West 1558-1606 (14) were married at St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street, City of London .

On or before 13 Apr 1618 Henry Puckering 3rd Baronet 1618-1701 was born to Adam Newton -1630 . He was baptised on 13 Apr 1618 at St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street, City of London .

On 06 Apr 1678 Joshua Marshall 1628-1678 (49) was buried in St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street, City of London .

Fleet Street, City of London

Hart Street, City of London

St Olave's Church, Hart Street, City of London

On 17 Apr 1657 Daniel Milles Rector -1689 was appointed Rector of St Olave's Church, Hart Street, City of London .

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Sunday 09 May 1669 . Lord’s day. Up and, after dressing in my best suit with gold trimming, I to the Office , and there with Gibson and Tom finishing against to-morrow my notes upon Commanders’ Instructions; and, when church-time, to church with my wife (28) , leaving them at work. Dr. Mills preached a dull sermon, and so we home to dinner; and thence by coach to St. Andrew’s, Holborne , thinking to have heard Dr. Stillingfleete (34) preach, but we could not get a place, and so to St. Margaret’s, Westminster , and there heard a sermon, and did get a place, the first we have heard there these many years, and here at a distance I saw Betty Michell , but she is become much a plainer woman than she was a girl. Thence towards the Park , but too soon to go in, so went on to Knightsbridge, and there eat and drank at “ The World’s End ,” where we had good things, and then back to the Park, and there till night, being fine weather, and much company, and so home, and after supper to bed. This day I first left off both my waistcoats by day, and my waistcoat by night, it being very hot weather, so hot as to make me break out, here and there, in my hands, which vexes me to see, but is good for me.

Around 1680 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (46) . Portrait of her husband Edward Stillingfleet Bishop Worcester 1635-1699 (44) When Dean of St Pauls.

Around 1690 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (56) (attributed).Portrait of Edward Stillingfleet Bishop Worcester 1635-1699 (54) .

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Sunday 16 May 1669 . Lord’s Day. My wife (28) and I at church , our pew filled with Mary Leigh , and six more that she brought with her, which vexed me at her confidence. Dined at home and W. Batelier with us, and I all the afternoon drawing up a foul draught of my petition to the Duke of York (35) , about my eyes, for leave to spend three or four months out of the Office, drawing it so as to give occasion to a voyage abroad which I did, to my pretty good liking; and then with my wife (28) to Hyde Park , where a good deal of company, and good weather, and so home to supper and to bed.

In Oct 1689 Daniel Milles Rector -1689 died . He was buried at St Olave's Church, Hart Street, City of London .

Langbourn Ward, City of London

All Hallows Staining Church, Langbourn Ward, City of London

Leadenhall Street, City of London

Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

On 03 Aug 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate , which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (19) , and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56) , and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80) , who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26) , son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70) , deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56) . They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Coronation Charles II

On 22 Apr 1660 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) rode from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Whitehall Palace, Westminster .At the Lime Street end of Leadenhall he passed under a triumphal arch built after the Doric order, with Rebellion, her crimson robe alive with snakes, being crushed by Monarchy Restored, and a fine painting of his Majesty's landing at Dover, "with ships at sea, great guns going off, one kneeling and kissing the King's hand, soldiers, horse and foot and many people gazing".
Outside the East India House in Leadenhall Street, City of London , that loyal and honourable trading company expressed their dutiful affections to his Majesty by two Indian youths, one attended by two blackamoors and the other mounted upon a camel, which bore on its back two panniers filled with jewels, spices, and silks to be scattered among the spectators.
At the Conduit in Cornhill a special treat was prepared for the bachelor king in the shape of eight nymphs clad in white. A little further down the street, just opposite the Royal Exchange, was another arch, with stages against it depicting the River Thames and the upper deck of one of his Majesty's ships.
The procession included the Duke of York (26) , the Lord High Constable (57) and the Lord Great Chamberlain (52)
The Sword of State was carried by Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond, 5th Duke Lennox 1649-1660 (11)

On 10 Oct 1732 William Burrell 1732-1796 was born to Peter Burrell 1692-1756 (40) and Elizabeth Lewis in Leadenhall Street, City of London

Lothbury, City of London

In 1580 Robert Killigrew 1580-1633 was born to William Killigrew 1555-1622 (25) and Margery Saunders 1546- at Lothbury, City of London .

Mark Lane, City of London

On 29 Jul 1629 Paul Bayning 1st Viscount Bayning 1588-1629 (41) died at Mark Lane, City of London .

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Thursday 27 May 1669 . At the office all the morning, dined at home, Mr. Hollier (60) with me. Presented this day by Mr. Browne with a Ars Pictoria by him, lately printed, which cost me 20s. to him. In the afternoon to the Temple , to meet with Auditor Aldworth about my interest account, but failed meeting him. To visit my cozen Creed , and found her ill at home, being with child, and looks poorly. Thence to her husband , at Gresham College , upon some occasions of Tangier; and so home, with Sir John Bankes (42) with me, to Mark Lane .

Newgate Street, City of London

Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate Street, City of London

Death of Isabella of France Queen Consort

On 22 Aug 1358 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (63) died at Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire . She was buried in Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate Street, City of London .
The funeral was performed by Simon Islip Archbishop Canterbury -1366 .She was buried in the mantle she had worn at her wedding and at her request, Edward's heart, placed into a casket thirty years before, was interred with her.

On 25 Mar 1399 Nicholas Brembre -1399 was beheaded . He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate Street, City of London .

On 26 Jan 1698 Theodore Janssen 1658-1748 (40) and Williamsa Henley -1731 were married at Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate Street, City of London

Newgate Prison, Newgate Street, City of London

24 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313 . Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) . Canterbury, Kent To the Sheriffs of London.Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster , from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernors to have them before the King or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) .

After 31 Oct 1454 Richard Percy 1426-1461 (28) was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, Newgate Street, City of London

After 31 Oct 1454 Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (31) was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, Newgate Street, City of London

On 13 Nov 1456 Richard Percy 1426-1461 (30) escaped at Newgate Prison, Newgate Street, City of London

On 13 Nov 1456 Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (33) escaped at Newgate Prison, Newgate Street, City of London

Paul's Wharf, City of London

St Benet's Church, Paul's Wharf, City of London

On 02 Mar 1706 Charles Howard 9th Earl Suffolk 1685-1733 (21) and Henrietta Hobart Countess Suffolk 1689-1767 (17) were married at St Benet's Church, Paul's Wharf, City of London .

Before 1720 Thomas Gisbson 1680-1751 (39) . Portrait of Henrietta Hobart Countess Suffolk 1689-1767 (30) .

In 1732 Charles Jervas 1675-1739 (57) . Portrait of Henrietta Hobart Countess Suffolk 1689-1767 (43) .

Queenhithe, City of London

Seething Lane, City of London

Stepney, City of London

In 1508 Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (24) and Anne Browne Duchess Suffolk were married secretely at Stepney, City of London .

Stratford-le-Bow, Stepney, City of London

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Friday 07 May 1669 . Up, and by coach to W. Coventry’s (41) ; and there to talk with him a great deal with great content; and so to the Duke of York (35) , having a great mind to speak to him about Tangier; but, when I come to it, his interest for my Lord Middleton (61) Excise Office, having by private vows last night in prayer to God Almighty cleared my mind for the present of the thoughts of going to Deb. (18) at Greenwich , which I did long after. I passed by Guildhall , which is almost finished, and saw a poor labourer carried by, I think, dead with a fall, as many there are, I hear. So home to dinner, and then to the office a little, and so to see my Lord Brouncker (49) , who is a little ill of the gout; and there Madam Williams told me that she heard that my wife (28) was going into France this year, which I did not deny, if I can get time, and I pray God I may. But I wondering how she come to know it, she tells me a woman that my wife (28) spoke to for a maid, did tell her so, and that a lady that desires to go thither would be glad to go in her company. Thence with my wife (28) abroad, with our coach, most pleasant weather; and to Hackney , and into the marshes , where I never was before, and thence round about to Old Ford and Bow ; and coming through the latter home, there being some young gentlewomen at a door, and I seeming not to know who they were, my wife’s (28) jealousy told me presently that I knew well enough it was that damned place where Deb. (18) dwelt, which made me swear very angrily that it was false, as it was, and I carried [her] back again to see the place, and it proved not so, so I continued out of humour a good while at it, she being willing to be friends, so I was by and by, saying no more of it. So home, and there met with a letter from Captain Silas Taylor (44) , and, with it, his written copy of a play that he hath wrote, and intends to have acted. — It is called “The Serenade or Disappointment ,” which I will read, not believing he can make any good of that kind. He did once offer to show Harris (35) it, but Harris (35) told him that he would judge by one Act whether it were good or no, which is indeed a foolish saying, and we see them out themselves in the choice of a play after they have read the whole, it being sometimes found not fit to act above three times; nay, and some that have been refused at one house is found a good one at the other. This made Taylor (44) say he would not shew it him, but is angry, and hath carried it to the other house , and he thinks it will be acted there, though he tells me they are not yet agreed upon it. But I will find time to get it read to me, and I did get my wife (28) to begin a little to-night in the garden, but not so much as I could make any judgment of it. So home to supper and to bed.

St Dunstan's in the East Parish, City of London

On 22 May 1701 Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke 1678-1751 (22) and Frances Winchcombe Viscountess Bolingbroke 1680-1718 (20) were married at St Dunstan's in the East Parish, City of London

Mincing Lane, St Dunstan's in the East Parish, City of London

On 07 May 1622 James Boevey 1622-1696 was born to Andreas Boevey 1556-1625 (66) at Mincing Lane, St Dunstan's in the East Parish, City of London

St Lawrence Jewry, City of London

In 1463 Geoffrey Boleyn Lord Mayor 1406-1463 (57) died . He was buried at St Lawrence Jewry, City of London

Around 1470 Richard Rich 1470-1503 was born to Thomas Rich 1432-1475 (38) at St Lawrence Jewry, City of London

On 14 Feb 1624 William Holliday 1565-1624 (59) died . He was buried at St Lawrence Jewry, City of London .

In 1661 Seth Ward Bishop Exeter, Bishop Salisbury 1617-1689 (44) was appointed to the living of St Lawrence Jewry, City of London by Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) .

House of Thomas Cressy, St Lawrence Jewry, City of London

On 23 Jul 1409 Alice St Maur Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1409-1450 was born to Richard St Maur at House of Thomas Cressy, St Lawrence Jewry, City of London

St Lawrence Pountney, City of London

On Jan 1602 John Harrington and Mary Offley were married at St Lawrence Pountney, City of London .

Manor of the Rose, St Lawrence Pountney, City of London

Mechant Taylor's School, Manor of the Rose, St Lawrence Pountney, City of London

In 1618 Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (12) educated at Mechant Taylor's School, Manor of the Rose, St Lawrence Pountney, City of London .

In 1634 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (28) .

In 1650 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (44) .

St Martin's Le Grand, City of London

On 10 Jun 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Ratification for life of the estate of Master Robert Stillyngton (41) , king's clerk as deacon of the king's free chapel of St Martin le Grand , London, archdeacon of Colchester in the cathedral of London and of Taunton in the cathedral of Wells, prebendary of Wetewang in the cathedral of York, Marther (possibly typo since 'Martha' unknown) in the cathedral of St Davids and the prebend which John Luca lately had in the king's free chapel of St Stephen within his palace of Wesminster, and person of the church of Aysshebury, in the diocese of Salisbury.

Temple, City of London

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May . Thursday 27 May 1669 . At the office all the morning, dined at home, Mr. Hollier (60) with me. Presented this day by Mr. Browne with a Ars Pictoria by him, lately printed, which cost me 20s. to him. In the afternoon to the Temple , to meet with Auditor Aldworth about my interest account, but failed meeting him. To visit my cozen Creed , and found her ill at home, being with child, and looks poorly. Thence to her husband , at Gresham College , upon some occasions of Tangier; and so home, with Sir John Bankes (42) with me, to Mark Lane .

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Jan . 24 Jan 1683 . Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple , and from several other stairs too and fro, as in the streets; sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cooks, tipling and other lewd places, so that it seemed to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water.

After 1690 Paul Dudley 1675-1751 (14) studied law at Temple, City of London .

Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (20) educated at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1562 Nicholas Bacon 1st Baronet Bacon 1540-1624 (22) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

In 1562 Nathaniel Bacon 1546-1622 (16) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1568 Michael Stanhope 1549-1621 (19) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

In 1570 Walter Cope 1553-1614 (17) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

In 1571 Thomas Fitzherbert 1550- educated at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1575 Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1556-1625 (18) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

In 1575 Ralph Eure 3rd Baron Eure 1558-1617 (16) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1583 John Holles 1st Earl Clare 1564-1637 (18) educated at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

On 28 Feb 1584 Thomas Moryson -1592 was nominated a Bencher at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London by William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (63) .

In 1590 Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633 (15) educated at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

In 1600 Robert Pierrepoint 1st Earl Kingston 1584-1643 (15) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1605 George Chaworth 1st Viscount Chaworth 1554-1639 (51) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

On 02 Feb 1612 Vivian Molyneux 1596-1642 (16) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

On 12 Aug 1617 Hamon Strange 1605-1660 (12) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

On 08 Aug 1620 Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (27) entered at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

In 1626 Thomas Fairfax 3rd Lord Fairfax 1612-1671 (13) studied at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1636 John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (19) educated at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1641 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (17) studying at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London .

Around 1707 . Charles D'Agar 1669-1723 (38) . Portrait of Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 .

In 1651 Henry Pierrepoint 1st Marquess Dorchester 1606-1680 (44) admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

On 26 Apr 1656 Henry Mildmay admitted at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1480 Robert Brudenell 1461-1531 (19) entered at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1573 Baptist Hicks 1st Viscount Campden -1629 admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1577 Francis Newport 1555-1623 (22) educated at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1590 Thomas Monck 1570-1627 (19) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1594 Thomas Coventry 1st Baron Coventry 1578-1640 (16) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1596 John Vaughan 1st Earl Carbery 1575-1634 (21) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1597 Heneage Finch 1580-1631 (17) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1620 John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 (21) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

On Nov 1631 Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury Lleweni 1612-1643 (19) educated at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1638 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham 1621-1682 (16) educated at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1656 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (22) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

On 04 Nov 1661 Josceline Percy 11th Earl Northumberland 1644-1670 (17) was educated at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1669 Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet Bridgeman 1649-1701 (19) educated at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1673 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford 1649-1719 (24) was appointed as Barrister at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1680 Andrew Archer 1659-1741 (20) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1687 Thomas Newport 1st Baron Torrington 1655-1719 (32) called to the bar at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1716 Robert Grosvenor 6th Baronet Grosvenor 1695-1755 (20) admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1723 Henry Archer 1700-1768 (23) educated at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1725 Wriothesley Digby -1767 admitted at Inner Temple, Temple, City of London

Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1503 John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (23) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

On 22 May 1506 Edward Montagu 1485-1557 (21) admitted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

Around 1508 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (20) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1569 Unknown Artist . Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 .

On 02 Nov 1518 Richard Brydges 1500-1558 (18) admitted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1561 Thomas Paget 3rd Baron Paget Beaudasert 1544-1590 (17) admitted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

Around 1574 Richard Carew 1555-1620 (18) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1575 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (21) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37) .

In 1598 William Segar 1554-1663 . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (44) .

In 1585 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (31) .

In 1588 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (34) .

In 1576 Amyas Bampfylde of Poltimore and North Molton 1560-1626 (50) studied law at the Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1583 Thomas Culpepper 1561-1613 (22) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

In 1585 Richard Edgecumbe 1570-1639 (15) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

On Mar 1595 John Salusbury 1567-1612 (28) assisted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

Around 1596 Richard Carew 1st Baronet Carew 1580-1643 (16) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1607 John Bampylde 1586-1657 (21) studied law at the Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1616 Algernon Percy 10th Earl Northumberland 1602-1668 (13) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1619 Adrian Scrope 1601-1660 (17) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

Around 1623 Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (17) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1634 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (28) .

In 1650 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (44) .

Around 1628 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (18) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1629 Thomas Thynne 1610-1669 (19) entered at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

John Evelyn's Diary 1641 Oct . 11th . From Dover, I that night rode post to Canterbury . Here I visited the cathedral , then in great splendour, those famous windows being entire, since demolished by the fanatics. The next morning, by Sittingboume , I came to Rochester , and thence to Gravesend , where a light-horseman (as they call it) taking us in, we spent our tide as far as Greenwich . From hence, after we had a little refreshed ourselves at the College, (for by reason of the contagion then in London we balked the inns,) we came to London landing at Arundel-stairs . Here I took leave of his Lordship (55) , and retired to my lodgings in the Middle Temple , being about two in the morning, the 14th of October.

In 1652 William Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Parham 1616-1673 (36) studied at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

Around 1689 Spencer Compton 1st Earl Wilmington 1673-1743 (16) admitted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1708 Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone 1694-1761 (13) admitted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

In 1718 Henry Archer 1700-1768 (18) educated at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London

On 29 Oct 1723 Henry Streatfield 1706-1762 (17) admitted at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

New Temple Church, Temple, City of London

In Aug 1189 William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (43) and Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220 (17) were married at New Temple Church, Temple, City of London .The title Earl Pembroke (1C 1138) was not included in the settlement since it had been rescinded as a consequence of Isabel's (17) father having supported King Stephen.

Before 12 Dec 1226 Robert Ros 1172-1226 (54) died . He was buried at New Temple Church, Temple, City of London .

On 23 Feb 1681 Vere Bertie -1681 died . He was buried at New Temple Church, Temple, City of London

Temple Bar, Fleet Street, City of London

Argyll's Rising

On 30 Oct 1685 John Ayloffe 1645-1685 (40) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Temple Bar, Fleet Street, City of London for his part in the Argyll's Rising .

Threadneedle Street, City of London

Bartholomew Lane, Threadneedle Street, City of London

St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange, Bartholomew Lane, Threadneedle Street, City of London

On 18 Feb 1558 George Barne Lord Mayor -1558 died . He was buried at St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange, Bartholomew Lane, Threadneedle Street, City of London .

On or before 27 Feb 1631 Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 was born to Richard Child and Elizabeth Roycroft . On 27 Feb 1631 Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 was baptised at St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange, Bartholomew Lane, Threadneedle Street, City of London

Wakefield Tower, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Death of Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI (49) died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London . Death of Henry VI

Tower Hill, City of London

Peasant's Revolt

On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill, City of London capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52) , the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14) , Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) .
Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent .

On 17 Aug 1390 Robert Hales 1325-1390 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

On 21 Sep 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was tried at Westminster .
He (51) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London immediately thereafter. His son Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (15) succeeded as 10th Earl Surrey (1C 1088) , 12th Earl Arundel (Sussex)

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 (53) , his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were arrested for treason against King Edward IV (19) .They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (34) .
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill .
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54) , John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill .
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 (53) was hanged at Tower Hill . His son John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (19) succeeded as 13th Earl Oxford (2C 1141) .

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26) . Richard Haute -1487 took part.He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion. His son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded as 8th Earl Stafford (1C 1351) , 9th Baron Stafford (1C 1299) .
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon .
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany . Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part.!The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (33) and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502 (31) .
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill .
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement.Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40) :
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) . Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40) . Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets . On 29 Mar 2019 , St John's College, Cambridge , which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Execution of Roger Clifford

On 02 May 1485 Roger Clifford 1437-1485 (48) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for supporting Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) .

Perkin Warbreck Plot

On 16 Feb 1495 William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (60) and Simon Montfort -1495 were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for their part in the Perkin Warbeck Plot.

On 29 Jun 1497 James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 (34) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at Blackfriars Church, Holborn, Middlesex . His son John Tuchet 8th Baron Audley Heighley 1483-1557 (14) succeeded as 8th Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire . Mary Griffin Baroness Audley Heighley by marriage Baroness Audley Heighley in Staffordshire .

Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

On 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London .
Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (13) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's attempted escape with Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end.

Around 1492 . Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32) . Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6) .

Around 1520 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34) .

Around 1490 . Possibly Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (30) . Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (38) .

Around 1502 . Possibly Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (42) . Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (50) .

On 17 Aug 1510 Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 (48) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 17 Aug 1510 Richard Empson 1450-1510 (60) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29) . He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

On 22 Jun 1535 John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (65) was beheaded on Tower Hill .

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) . Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40) . Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets . On 29 Mar 2019 , St John's College, Cambridge , which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 06 Jul 1535 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) was beheaded on Tower Hill .

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant .

Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused

On 17 May 1536 George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (33) , Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (54) and Mark Smeaton 1512-1536 (24) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .
George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (33) was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Bigod's Rebellion

On 02 Jun 1537 George Lumley -1537 was beheaded at Tower Hill .

On 30 Jun 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 (70) was beheaded at Tower Hill .

Exeter Conspiracy

On 08 Dec 1538 Edward Neville 1471-1538 (67) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 09 Jan 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (47) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 03 Mar 1539 Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 10 Jul 1539 Adrian Fortescue 1476-1539 (63) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London for treason.

Execution of Thomas Cromwell

On 28 Jul 1540 Thomas Cromwell (55) was beheaded at Tower Hill .

On 28 Jul 1540 Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford Heytesbury 1503-1540 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill . He, together with his chaplain, a Wiltshire clergyman named William Bird, Rector of Fittleton and Vicar of Bradford, who was suspected of sympathising with the pilgrims of grace of the north of England, was attainted by act of parliament. Hungerford was charged with employing Bird in his house as chaplain, knowing him to be a traitor; with ordering another chaplain, Hugh Wood, and one Dr. Maudlin to practise conjuring to determine the king's length of life, and his chances of victory over the northern rebels; and finally with committing offences forbidden by the Buggery Act 1533.

On 19 Jan 1547 Henry Howard 1516-1547 (31) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk . He had follisshly added the arms of Edward the Confessor to his own arms. he was charged with treasonably quartering the royal arms. His father survived sentence since the King died the day before it was due to take place.

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 20 Mar 1549 Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (41) was beheaded at Tower Hill . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Edward Seymour's Execution

On 22 Jan 1552 Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (52) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . King Edward VI (14) noted in his diary ... "the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o'clock in the morning".
On 26 Feb 1552 Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) and Michael Stanhope 1507-1552 (44) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (48) .Both men protested their innocence to the end.
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

On 22 Aug 1553 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (49) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . His son John Dudley 2nd Earl Warwick 1527-1554 (26) succeeded as 2nd Earl Warwick (2C 1547) , 2nd Viscount Lisle (5C 1543) . Anne Seymour Viscountess Lisle 1538-1588 (15) by marriage Viscountess Lisle (5C 1543) .

In 1554 Thomas Grey -1554 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London .

Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

On 12 Feb 1554 Lady Jane Grey (18) was beheaded at Tower Green by order of Queen Elizabeth I (20) .She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
Guildford Dudley (19) was beheaded at Tower Hill .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 11 Apr 1554 Thomas Wyatt 1521-1554 (33) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .

Around 1550 based on a work of around 1540. Unknown Artist . Portrait of Thomas Wyatt 1521-1554 (29) .

On 28 May 1557 Thomas Stafford 1533-1557 (24) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 11 Aug 1564 Richard Blount 1510-1564 (54) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London

On 14 May 1631 Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 (38) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for the unnatural crime of sodomy, committed with his page Laurence (or Florence) FitzPatrick, who confessed to the crime and was executed; and assisting Giles Browning (alias Broadway), who was also executed, in the rape of his wife Anne, Countess of Castlehaven, in which Lord Castlehaven was found to have participated by restraining her. His son James Tuchet 3rd Earl Castlehaven 1617-1686 (14) succeeded as 3rd Earl Castlehaven , 3rd Baron Audley of Orier . Elizabeth Brydges Countess Castlehaven 1619-1678 (12) by marriage Countess Castlehaven . He didn't succeed to his father's English titles as a result of his father's attainder.

Execution of the Earl of Strafford

On 12 May 1641 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1593-1641 (48) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .
His execution was attended by an enormous crowd.

John Evelyn's Diary 1641 May . On the 12th of May , I beheld on Tower-hill the fatal stroke which severed the wisest head in England from the shoulders of the Earl of Strafford (48) , whose crime coming under the cognizance of no human law, or statute, a new one was made, not to be a precedent, but his destruction. With what reluctancy the King signed the execution, he has sufficiently expressed; to which he imputes his own unjust suffering — to such exorbitancy were things arrived.

Execution of Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet

On 23 Dec 1644 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (35) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . His son John Carew 3rd Baronet Carew 1635-1692 (9) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Carew of Antony in Cornwall .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of John Carew 3rd Baronet Carew 1635-1692 (55) .

Parliament Executes the Hothams

On 02 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1610-1645 (35) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians at Tower Hill, City of London .

On 10 Jan 1645 William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (71) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (41) . Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (57) .

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (36) . Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (62) .

On 08 Jun 1658 Henry Slingsby 1st Baronet Scriven 1602-1658 (56) was beheaded on Tower Hill, City of London for being a Royalist. His son Thomas Slingsby 2nd Baronet Scriven 1636-1688 (21) succeeded as 2nd Baronet Slingsby Scriven

On 14 Jun 1662 Henry "Younger" Vane 1613-1662 (49) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for treason against King Charles II (32) . He had been sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, however, King Charles II (32) commuted the sentence to beheading.

Execution of William Howard 1st Viscount Stafford

On 29 Dec 1680 William Howard 1st Viscount Stafford 1614-1680 (66) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was attainted; Viscount Stafford extinct. Henry Stafford Howard 1st Earl Stafford 1648-1719 (32) de jure 2nd Baron Stafford (5C 1640) .

Rye House Plot

On 07 Dec 1683 Algernon Sidney 1623-1683 (60) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London during the Rye House Plot .

On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong 1633-1684 (51) was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill, City of London where he was hanged, drawn and quartered for his involvement in the Rye House Plot .

Battle of Sedgemoor

On 15 Jul 1685 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (36) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) acted a Chaplain.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jul . 15 Jul 1685 . I went to see Dr. Tenison's (48) Library [in St. Martin's .].
Monmouth (36) was this day brought to London and examin'd before the King (51) , to whom he made greate submission, acknowledg'd his seduction by Ferguson the Scot (48) , whom he nam'd ye bloudy villain. He was sent to ye Tower , had an interview with his late Dutchesse (34) , whom he receiv'd coldly, having liv'd dishonestly with ye Lady Henrietta Wentworth (24) for two yeares. He obstinately asserted his conversation with that debauch'd woman to be no in, whereupon, seeing he could not be persuaded to his last breath, the divines who were sent to assist him thought not fit to administer the Holy Communion to him. For ye rest of his faults he profess'd greate sorrow, and so died without any apparent feare; he would not make use of a cap or other circumstance, but lying downe, bid the fellow do his office better than to the late Lord Russell , and gave him gold; but the wretch made five chopps before he had his head off; wch so incens'd the people, that had he not been guarded and got away, they would have torn him to pieces. The Duke (36) made no speech on the scaffold (wch was on Tower Hill ) but gave a paper containing not above 5 or 6 lines, for the King (51) , in which he disclaims all title to ye Crown, acknowledges that the late King , his father, had indeede told him he was but his base sonn, and so desir'd his Ma* to be kind to his wife and children. This relation I had from Dr. Tenison (Rector of St. Martin's) (48) , who, with the Bishops of Ely (47) and Bath and Wells (48) , were sent to him by his Ma*, and were at the execution.
Thus ended this quondam Duke, darling of his father and ye ladies, being extreamly handsome and adroit; an excellent souldier and dancer, a favourite of the people, of an easy nature, debauch'd by lust, seduc'd by crafty knaves who would have set him up only to make a property, and took the opportunity of the King being of another religion, to ga ther a party of discontented men. He fail'd, and perish'd. He was a lovely person, had a virtuous and excellent lady that brought him greate riches, and a second dukedom in Scotland. He was Master of the Horse , General of the King his father's Army, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Knight of the Garter, Chancellor of Cambridge, in a word had accumulations without end. See what ambition and want of principles brought him to! He was beheaded on Tuesday 14th July . His mother , whose name was Barlow, daughter of some very meane creatures, was a beautiful strumpet, whom I had often seene at Paris; she died miserably without any thing to bury her; yet this Perkin had ben made to believe that the King had married her; a monstrous and ridiculous forgerie; and to satisfy the world of the iniquity of the report, the King his father (If his father he really was, for he most resembl'd one Sidney , who was familiar with his mother) publickly and most solemnly renounc'd it, to be so enter'd in the Council Booke some yeares since, with all ye Privy Councellors at testation.
Ross, tutor to the Duke of Monmouth, proposed to Bishop Cozens to sign a certificate of the King's marriage to Mrs. Barlow, though her own name was Walters: this the Bishop refused. She was born of a gentleman's family in Wales, but having little means and less grace, came to London to make her fortune. Algernon Sidney , then a Colonel in Cromwell's army, had agreed to give her 50 broad pieces (as he told the Duke of York) but being ordered hastily away with his regiment, he missed his bargain. She went into Holland, where she fell into the hands of his brother Colonel Robert Sidney , who kept her for some time, till the King hearing of her, got her from him. On which the Colonel was heard to say, Let who will have her she is already sped and after being with the King she was so soon with child that the world had no cause to doubt whose child it was, and the rather that when he grew to be a man, he very much resembled the Colonel both in stature and countenance, even to a wort on his face. However the King owned the child. In the King's absence she behaved so loosely, that on his return from his escape at Worcester, he would have no further commerce with her, and she became a common prostitute at Paris. Life of King James II. Vol I.
Had it not pleas'd God to dissipate this attempt in ye beginning, there would in all appearance have gather'd an irresistable force which would have desperately proceeded to ye ruine of ye Church and Govern ment, so general was the discontent and expectation of the opportunity. For my owne part I look'd upon this deliverance as most signal. Such an Inundation of phanatics and men of impious principles must needs have caus'd universal disorder, cruelty, injustice, rapine, sacrilege, and confusion, an unavoidable civil war and misery without end. Blessed be God the knot was happily broken, and a faire prospect of tranquil lity for the future if we reforme, be thankful!, and make a right use of this mercy.

On 18 Aug 1746 William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (41) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London . He was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Vintry, City of London

St James Garlickhythe, Vintry, City of London

In 1471 Eleanor Neville Baroness Stanley 1447-1471 (24) died .She was buried at St James Garlickhythe, Vintry, City of London .

Walbrook, City of London

St Stephen's Church, Walbrook, City of London

In 1608 Stephen Slaney Lord Mayor -1608 died . He was buried at St Stephen's Church, Walbrook, City of London .