History of St James's

1558 Death of Mary I

1612 Funeral of Prince Frederick

1630 Baptism of future Charles II

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Four Days' Battle

1682 Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

1683 Marriage of Lady Anne and Prince George

1688 Glorious Revolution

1840 Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

1858 Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Great Plague of London

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 September. 07 Sep 1665. Came home, there perishing near 10,000 poor creatures weekly; however, I went all along the city and suburbs from Kent Street to St James's, a dismal passage, and dangerous to see so many coffins exposed in the streets, now thin of people; the shops shut up, and all in mournful silence, not knowing whose turn might be next. I went to the Duke of Albemarle (56) for a pest-ship, to wait on our infected men, who were not a few. See Great Plague of London.

On 22 May 1681 Robert Cholmondeley 1st Viscount Cholmondley 1651-1681 (35) died at St James's. His son Hugh Cholmondeley 1st Earl Cholmondeley 1662-1725 (19) succeeded 2nd Viscount Cholmondley of Kells in County Meath.

Cholmondeley Arms

On 20 Jul 1723 Robert Shirley 6th Earl Ferrers 1723-1787 was born to Laurence Shirley 1693-1743 (29) and Anne Clarges 1695-1782 (28) at St James's.

Shirley Arms

On 13 May 1737 William Wodehouse 1706-1737 (31) died of smallpox wihout issue. He was buried in St James's.

On 27 Dec 1741 Reginald Courtenay Bishop of Bristol, Bishop of Exeter 1741-1803 was born to Henry Reginald Courtenay 1714-1763 (27) and Catherine Bathurst -1783 at St James's.

Courtenay Arms

On 14 Aug 1769 George Chichester 2nd Marquess County Donegal 1769-1844 was born to Arthur Chichester 1st Marquess Donegal 1739-1799 (30) and Anne Hamilton 1738-1780 (31) at St James's.

On 21 Dec 1820 Thomas George Lyon-Bowes 1801-1834 (19) and Charlotte Grimstead 1797-1881 (23) were married at St James's.

Arlington Street

On 02 Jan 1763 John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville 1690-1763 (72) died at Arlington Street. His son Robert Carteret 3rd Earl Granville 1721-1776 (42) succeeded 3rd Earl Granville (1C 1715), 3rd Baron Carteret of Hawnes (1C 1681).

16 Arlington Street, Arlington Street

In 01 Feb 1911 Hugo Francis Charteris 1884-1916 (27) and Violet Catherine Manners 1888-1971 (23) were married at St Margaret's Church. The reception at 16 Arlington Street, Arlington Street.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Carlton Gardens

On 28 Mar 1842 John William Spencer Brownlow Egerton-Cust 2nd Earl Brownlow 1842-1867 was born to John Hume Egerton 1812-1851 (29) and Marianne Margaret Compton 1817-1888 (25) at Carlton Gardens.

Cartlon House

On 08 Feb 1772 Augusta Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1719-1772 (52) died at Cartlon House.

Around 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (49) (attributed). Portrait of Augusta Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1719-1772 (30).

On 07 Jan 1796 Princess Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817 was born to George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (33) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (27) at Cartlon House.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1798. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830 (28). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (29).

In 1823. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (30). The Trial of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821.

1819. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (41). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (50).

1820. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (42). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51).

Clarence House

On 21 Dec 1919 Alexander Ramsay 1919-2000 was born to Alexander Ramsay 1881-1972 (38) and Victoria Patricia "Patsy" Windsor 1886-1974 (33) at Clarence House.

Cleveland Court

3 Cleveland Court

On 16 Apr 1745 Noel Hill 1st Baron Berwick 1745-1789 was born to Thomas Hill at 3 Cleveland Court.

Cleveland Row

1 Cleveland Row

On 07 May 1878 Colonel William de Horsey 1826-1915 (52) was declared bankrupt whilst living at 1 Cleveland Row.

Clifford Street

On 03 Nov 1785 James Everard Arundell 10th Baron Arundel Wardour 1785-1834 was born to James Everard Arundell 9th Baron Arundel Wardour 1763-1817 (22) and Mary Christina Arundell Baroness Arundel Wardour at Clifford Street.

Duke Street

On 03 Jul 1750 Richard Griffin 2nd Baron Braybrook 1750-1825 was born to Richard Neville Aldworth Neville Griffin 1717-1793 (32) at Duke Street.

Before 15 Nov 1802 George Romney Painter 1734-1802. Portrait of Richard Griffin 2nd Baron Braybrook 1750-1825.

Haymarket

Oxendon Street, Haymarket

Survey London Volume 20 Part 3 Pages 101-103 Volume 20. In 1669 Shaver's Hall with all its appurtenances was bought by Thomas Panton, succinctly described by the Dictionary of National Biography as a "gambler," who in 1671 petitioned the Privy Council "that having been at great charge in purchasing a parcell of ground, lying at Pickadilly, part of it being the two bowling greens fronting the Haymarket, the other part lying on the north of Tennis Court," he might have leave to continue with his development of the property in spite of the king's "late proclamation" against building. Sir Christopher Wren (45) reported that "by opening a new street from the Hay-markett into Leicester-fields" Panton's scheme would "ease in some measure the great passage of the Strand, and will cure the noysomness of that part," and recommended that a licence to build be granted provided that the houses were built of brick "with sufficient scantlings, good paving in the streets, and sufficient sewers and conveighances for the water." Panton Street first appears in the ratebooks in 1674 and Oxendon Street, named after Baker's son-in-law, in 1675. Panton was also responsible for the erection of houses on the east side of the Haymarket at this time.

Panton Street, Haymarket

Survey London Volume 20 Part 3 Pages 101-103 Volume 20. Panton Street was described by Strype in 1720 as "a good open street, inhabited by tradesmen." On the south side lived in 1696–1730 Thomas Hickford, proprietor of "Hickford's Great Room" used for auction sales and entertainments.

Panton Street, Haymarket was built by Colonel Thomas Panton -1685 who had a large house nearby.

Shaver's Hall, Haymarket

Survey London Volume 20 Part 3 Pages 101-103 Volume 20. In 1669 Shaver's Hall with all its appurtenances was bought by Thomas Panton, succinctly described by the Dictionary of National Biography as a "gambler," who in 1671 petitioned the Privy Council "that having been at great charge in purchasing a parcell of ground, lying at Pickadilly, part of it being the two bowling greens fronting the Haymarket, the other part lying on the north of Tennis Court," he might have leave to continue with his development of the property in spite of the king's "late proclamation" against building. Sir Christopher Wren (45) reported that "by opening a new street from the Hay-markett into Leicester-fields" Panton's scheme would "ease in some measure the great passage of the Strand, and will cure the noysomness of that part," and recommended that a licence to build be granted provided that the houses were built of brick "with sufficient scantlings, good paving in the streets, and sufficient sewers and conveighances for the water." Panton Street first appears in the ratebooks in 1674 and Oxendon Street, named after Baker's son-in-law, in 1675. Panton was also responsible for the erection of houses on the east side of the Haymarket at this time.

Jermyn Street

On 02 Nov 1752 Philip Twysden Bishop Raphoe 1713-1752 (39) died at Jermyn Street. Possibly East Peckham. Somewhat curously his death was embroiled in a scandal that suggested he had, as a result of his impeecunious situation, been shot whilst attempting to rob a stagecoch.

King Street

On 19 Jul 1860 John Elphinstone 13th Lord Elphinstone 1807-1860 (53) died at King Street. His uncle Charles Elphinstone 14th Lord Elphinstone 1774-1840 succeeded 14th Lord Elphinstone.

Marlborough House

On 03 Jun 1865 George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 was born to Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (23) and Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925 (20) at Marlborough House.

1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927 (67). Coronation Portrait of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (45).

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (4).

10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith Painter 1819-1909 (44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (9) and Prince Arthur (12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927 (57). Coronation Portrait of Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (59).

1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927 (67). Drawing of Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 on his deathbed.

On 20 Feb 1867 Louise Windsor Duchess Fife 1867-1931 was born to Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (25) and Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925 (22) at Marlborough House.

On 06 Jul 1868 Princess Victoria Windsor 1868-1935 was born to Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (26) and Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925 (23) at Marlborough House.

On 26 Nov 1869 Maud Windsor Queen Consort Norway 1869-1938 was born to Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (28) and Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England 1844-1925 (24) at Marlborough House.

Pall Mall

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Saturday 01 May 1669. Up betimes. Called up by my tailor, and there first put on a summer suit this year; but it was not my fine one of flowered tabby vest, and coloured camelott tunique, because it was too fine with the gold lace at the hands, that I was afeard to be seen in it; but put on the stuff suit I made the last year, which is now repaired; and so did go to the Office in it, and sat all the morning, the day looking as if it would be fowle. At noon home to dinner, and there find my wife (28) extraordinary fine, with her flowered tabby gown that she made two years ago, now laced exceeding pretty; and, indeed, was fine all over; and mighty earnest to go, though the day was very lowering; and she would have me put on my fine suit, which I did. And so anon we went alone through the town with our new liveries of serge, and the horses’ manes and tails tied with red ribbons, and the standards there gilt with varnish, and all clean, and green refines, that people did mightily look upon us; and, the truth is, I did not see any coach more pretty, though more gay, than ours, all the day. But we set out, out of humour — I because Betty, whom I expected, was not come to go with us; and my wife (28) that I would sit on the same seat with her, which she likes not, being so fine: and she then expected to meet Sheres, which we did in the Pell Mell, and, against my will, I was forced to take him into the coach, but was sullen all day almost, and little complaisant: the day also being unpleasing, though the Park full of coaches, but dusty and windy, and cold, and now and then a little dribbling rain; and, what made it worst, there were so many hackney-coaches as spoiled the sight of the gentlemen’s; and so we had little pleasure. But here was W. Batelier and his sister in a borrowed coach by themselves, and I took them and we to the lodge; and at the door did give them a syllabub, and other things, cost me 12s., and pretty merry. And so back to the coaches, and there till the evening, and then home, leaving Mr. Sheres at St. James’s Gate, where he took leave of us for altogether, he being this night to set out for Portsmouth post, in his way to Tangier, which troubled my wife (28) mightily, who is mighty, though not, I think, too fond of him. But she was out of humour all the evening, and I vexed at her for it, and she did not rest almost all the night, so as in the night I was forced; to take her and hug her to put her to rest. So home, and after a little supper, to bed.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Monday 03 May 1669. Up, and by coach to my Lord Brouncker’s (49), where Sir G. Carteret (59) did meet Sir J. Minnes (70) and me, to discourse upon Mr. Deering’s (43) business, who was directed, in the time of the war, to provide provisions at Hamburgh, by Sir G. Carteret’s (59) direction; and now G. Carteret (59) is afeard to own it, it being done without written order. But by our meeting we do all begin to recollect enough to preserve Mr. Deering (43), I think, which, poor silly man! I shall be glad of, it being too much he should suffer for endeavouring to serve us. Thence to St. James’s, where the Duke of York (35) was playing in the Pell Mell; and so he called me to him most part of the time that he played, which was an hour, and talked alone to me; and, among other things, tells me how the King (38) will not yet be got to name anybody in the room of Pen (48), but puts it off for three or four days; from whence he do collect that they are brewing something for the Navy, but what he knows not; but I perceive is vexed that things should go so, and he hath reason; for he told me that it is likely they will do in this as in other things — resolve first, and consider it and the fitness of it afterward. Thence to White Hall, and met with Creed, and I took him to the Harp and Balls, and there drank a cup of ale, he and I alone, and discoursed of matters; and I perceive by him that he makes no doubt but that all will turn to the old religion, for these people cannot hold things in their hands, nor prevent its coming to that; and by his discourse fits himself for it, and would have my Lord Sandwich (43) do so, too, and me. After a little talk with him, and particularly about the ruinous condition of Tangier, which I have a great mind to lay before the Duke of York (35), before it be too late, but dare not, because of his great kindness to Lord Middleton (61), we parted, and I homeward; but called at Povy’s (55), and there he stopped me to dinner, there being Mr. Williamson (35), the Lieutenant of the Tower, Mr. Childe (38), and several others. And after dinner, Povy (55) and I together to talk of Tangier; and he would have me move the Duke of York (35) in it, for it concerns him particularly, more than any, as being the head of us; and I do think to do it. Thence home, and at the office busy all the afternoon, and so to supper and to bed.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.

John Evelyn's Diary 1672 May. 10 May 1672. I was ordered, by letter from the Council, to repair forthwith to his Majesty (41), whom I found in the Pall-Mall, in St. James's Park, where his Majesty (41) coming to me from the company, commanded me to go immediately to the seacoast, and to observe the motion of the Dutch fleet and ours, the Duke (38) and so many of the flower of our nation being now under sail, coming from Portsmouth, through the Downs, where it was believed there might be an encounter.

On 05 Sep 1677 Henry Oldenburg 1619-1677 (58) died at his home in Pall Mall. He was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin on 07 Sep 1677.

Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682 (34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall, by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 29 Dec 1689 Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689 (65) died at his house in Pall Mall. He was buried in St James' Church.

In 1688 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (54). Portrait of Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689 (63).

Before 29 Dec 1689 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689.

Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 died at her house in Pall Mall.

Around 1666 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (32). Portrait of her husband Charles Beale 1632-1705 (34).

In 1670 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (36). Portrait of Courtenay Pole 2nd Baronet Pole 1619-1695 (51).

Around 1675 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (41). Portrait of Margaret Twisden 1647-1718 (28).

Around 1675 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (41). Portrait of Lady Norwich. Probably Jane Bickerton Duchess Norfolk 1643-1693 (32) who married the Duke around 1675 being his mistress prior to their marriage.

Around 1675 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (41). Portrait of Lady Norwich. Probably Mary Maitland Marchioness Teviotdale.

Around 1675 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (41). Portrait of Jane Tomlinson Baronetess Twisden.

In 1680 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (46). Portrait of William Anson 1656-1720 (24). Shugborough Hall.

Around 1680 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (46). Portrait of her husband Charles Beale 1632-1705 (48).

In 1687 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (53). Portrait of Edwyn Sadleir 2nd Baronet Sadleir 1656-1719 (31).

Before 30 Aug 1689 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of John Lake Bishop Sodor and Man.

Around 05 Apr 1695 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (62). Portrait of Mary Morice Baronetess Carew 1671-1698 (23).

Before 05 Apr 1695 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Christian Hill -1709.

Before 05 Apr 1695 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Russell 7th Baronet Russell 1726-1758.

In 1766 William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (22) and Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1736-1807 (29) were married at Pall Mall. Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1736-1807 (29) by marriage Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh.

In 1775 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (47). Portrait of William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (31).

Around 1804. John Opie Painter 1761-1807 (42). Portrait of William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (60).

In 1780 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788 (56). Known as The Ladies Waldegrave. From left to right three sisters: Charlotte Maria Waldegrave Duchess Grafton 1761-1808 (18), Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave 1760-1816 (19) and Anne Horatia Waldegrave 1762-1801 (18). Believed to have been commissioned by their mother (43) in the hope of attracting suitors since at the time of the painting all three were unmarried. All three did subsequently marry.

On 04 Dec 1770 John Perceval 2nd Earl Egmont 1711-1770 (59) died at Pall Mall. His son John Perceval 3rd Earl Egmont 1738-1822 (32) succeeded 3rd Earl Egmont. Isabella Powlett Countess Egmont -1821 by marriage Countess Egmont.

102 Pall Mall

In 1792 Silvester Harding Painter of Pall Mall 1745-1809 (46) opened a Bookshop at 102 Pall Mall.

Before 12 Aug 1809. Silvester Harding Painter of Pall Mall 1745-1809. Portrait of Harbottle Grimston 2nd Baronet of Bradfield 1603-1685.

106 Pall Mall

Travellers Club

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter VI: The Count Montemolin. I made the acquaintance of the Count Montemolin (29) in 1848, when he was staying with the Due (33) and Duchesse de Nemours (25) at Orleans House, Twickenham. He was a very distinguished-looking man, but his good looks were marred by the hereditary defect of the Bourbon Eye, peculiar to the family.
The Count (29) was a beautiful dancer, and we danced together a great deal at the numerous balls where we met, and after Montemolin had made my father's acquaintance he used often to visit us at Upper Grosvenor Street.
We had many tastes in common ; the Count (29) was passionately fond of music, so we sang together in French and Spanish, and thus gradually friendship became love, at least on his part. I, myself, was dazzled by the romance of the affair, and by the rank of my would-be suitor, for I do not think any girl in my position could have been quite unmoved if a Prince of the Blood selected her for his wife instead of one of the Royalties he could have chosen.
The Count (31) proposed to me in February '49, but I quite appreciated the difficulties that beset such a marriage, and, after the Count's declaration, I hesitated to definitely consent to become his wife. He apparently was greatly distressed, and sent me the following letter :
Mademoiselle, — I am taking the liberty of writing to you to open my heart, but under the greatest secrecy, as without that I shall be completely lost. I was the most unhappy man in the world after what you said to me at the last ball. How could you believe me capable of deceiving you ! I should never have any peace of mind were I to do so. I did not dare to speak to you again, and nevertheless I sought by every means to meet you, because I could not live without at least seeing you, and also because I hoped for the chance of speaking to you and proving to you that I am a man of honour, and not such a one as people would have you believe. But your kind and gracious manner on Thursday last has dispelled all my fears.
Now, I am going to tell you what you must have felt for a long time ; it is that I love you. You alone can make my happiness ; any other marriage is impossible for me.
I hope you will grant me the happiness of marrying you one day, because I dare think you too love me. But above all things I desire your happiness, and if I thought you would ever become unhappy with me, I would rather suffer alone, although the greatest and most terrible sacrifice I could make would be to renounce your love. I should, however, wish before you decide definitely that you would grant me a secret interview in the presence of your father, in order that I can say certain things to you. I trust that you will grant me this interview, as it will decide my future happiness.
I beg you again to maintain the greatest reserve in the matter. It must be a secret from everybody, even from my own family, Nobody except your father must know anything about it ; for if they did, believe me, I should be completely lost.
I will call at your house at three o'clock in the afternoon, and if you cannot be alone then with your father, you can send me word by him to the following address when it will be convenient to you.
M. LE COMTE DE MoNTEMOLIN,
Travellers Club, Pall Mall.
I shall be there until two o'clock exactly. I am, with the deepest respect and attachment,
Your devoted,
Le Comte de Montemolin.
My father and I therefore saw the Count, who successfully overcame our doubts about the wisdom of his marriage to an Englishwoman in view of the political situation in Spain. Montemolin was so much in love that he easily waived every obstacle my father placed in the way, and at last it was settled that we were to be formally engaged, subject to certain conditions which my father insisted on the Count complying with.

1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Princess Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1822-1857 (17) around the time of her marriage to Prince Louis Duke Nemours 1814-1896 (25) on 26 Apr 1840.

127 Pall Mall

Before 1798 Silvester Harding Painter of Pall Mall 1745-1809 moved his Bookshop to 127 Pall Mall.

Before 12 Aug 1809. Silvester Harding Painter of Pall Mall 1745-1809. Portrait of Harbottle Grimston 2nd Baronet of Bradfield 1603-1685.

Park Place

Vernon House, Park Place

In Jul 1835 Edward Harbord 3rd Baron Suffield 1781-1835 (53) died at Vernon House, Park Place after a fall from his horse on Constitution Hill. His son Edward Harbord 4th Baron Suffield 1813-1853 (22) succeeded 4th Baron Suffield, 5th Baronet Harbord.

St James' Church

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 December. 07 Dec 1684. I went to see the new church at St. James's, elegantly built ; the altar was especialy adorn'd, the white marble inclosure curiously and richly carved, the flowers and garlands about the walls by Mr. Gibbons (36) in wood; a pelican with her young at her breast, just over the altar in the carv'd compartment and border, invironing the purple velvet fring'd with I. H. S. richly embroider'd, and most noble plate, were given by Sr R. Geere, to the value (as was said) of £200. There was no altar any where in England, nor has there ben any abroad, more handsomely adorn'd.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 April. 17 Apr 1685. Good Friday. Dr. Tenison (48) preached at the new church at St. James's, on 1 Cor. 16, 22, upon the infinite love of God to us, which he illustrated in many instances. The holy Sacrament followed, at which I participated. The Lord make me thankfull. In tbe after noone Dr. Sprat, Bp. of Rochester (50), preached in Whitehall Chapell, the auditory very full of Lords, the two Archbishops, and many others, now drawne to towne upon the occasion of the Coronation and ensuing Parliament. I supp'd with the Countesse of Sunderland (39) and Lord Godolphin (39), and return'd home.

On 29 Dec 1689 Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689 (65) died at his house in Pall Mall. He was buried in St James' Church.

In 1688 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (54). Portrait of Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689 (63).

Before 29 Dec 1689 Mary Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689.

In 1693 William Wake Archbishop of Canterbury 1657-1737 (35) was appointed Rector of St James' Church.

On 22 Jul 1713 Grace Carteret Countess Dysart 1713-1755 was baptised at St James' Church.

In 1737 John Vanderbank Painter 1694-1739 (42). Portrait of Grace Carteret Countess Dysart 1713-1755 (23). A full-length portrait of a woman, standing, turned slightly to the right, head inclined to the left, gazing at the spectator, wearing wearing robes worn at the coronation of George II. A Countess’s coronet is shown on the table, right. She wears an elaborate white silk gown with a red velvet bodice edged with white fur, and a long red cloak over which is a cape of Ermine. She holds a fold of her cloak in her right hand and gestures to the right with her left hand.

On 21 Sep 1718 Joseph Butler Bishop 1692-1792 (26) was ordained a priest by William Talbot Bishop 1658-1730 (60) in the St James' Church.

After 10 Oct 1730 William Talbot Bishop 1658-1730 was buried at St James' Church.

On Jul 1738 Mary-Anastasia Grace Mordaunt 1738-1819 was christened at St James' Church.

On 19 Jan 1740 Topham Beauclerk 1739-1780 was christened at St James' Church.

On 27 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 was buried in St James' Church.

Around 1695. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (36). Portrait of Anne Salvin. Sizergh Castle.

Around 1695. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (36). Portrait of Dorothy Yarde 1667-1723 (28).

Around 1695. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (36). Portrait of Margaret Sawyer Countess Pembroke. Petworth House.

Around 1695. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (36). Portrait of Juliana Alington Viscountess Howe 1649-1747 (46). Petworth House.

Before 1700. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Dorothy Mason Baronetess Brownlow 1667-1700.

Around 1704. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (45). Portrait of Mary Levinge Countess Ferrers -1740.

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724. Powis Castle.

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Mary Osbaldeston Baronetess Wroth 1678-1721 (27).

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724. Walmer Castle.

Around 1707. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (48). Portrait of William Stawell 3rd Baron Stawell 1682-1742 (25).

Before 1710. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Mary Morley Countess Derby 1667-1752.

Around 1710. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (51). Portrait of William Carew 5th Baronet Carew 1690-1744 (20).

Around 1712. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (53). Portrait of Mary Myddleton -1747. Chirk Castle.

Around 1715. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (56). Portrait of Edward Stawell 4th Baron Stawell -1755.

Before 1718. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Frances Winchcombe Viscountess Bolingbroke 1680-1718. Lydiard House.

Before 1720. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Henri de Massue Earl of Galway 1648-1720.

Around 1720. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (61). Portrait of Sarah Lascelles 1656-1743 (64).

Before 1726. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Thomas Cookes 2nd Baronet Courten Aldington 1648-1701.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

Around 1730. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (71). Portrait of Mary Booth Countess Stamford 1704-1772 (26) with her son Henry Robartes 3rd Earl Radnor 1695-1741 (35).

Around 1730. Style of Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (71). Portrait of Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (46).

Before 1733. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Watkin Williams-Wynn 3rd Baronet Williams-Wynn 1692-1749.

Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute 1746-1800.

Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Catherine Sambrooke Baronetess Strickland. Nostell Priory.

Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Mary Vere Robartes 1696-1758.

Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Elizabeth Wilmot Countess Sandwich 1674-1757.

Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Elizabeth Thelwall. Pollok House.

On 12 Dec 1754 Henry Nassau 1st Earl Grantham 1673-1754 was buried at St James' Church.

On 09 Sep 1790 John Eliot 1st Earl St Germans 1761-1823 (28) and Caroline Yorke Countess St Germans 1765-1818 (25) were married at St James' Church.

On 17 Jan 1800 Frances Vane-Tempest Marchioness Londonderry 1800-1865 was born to Henry Vane-Tempest 2nd Baronet 1771-1813 (28) at St James' Church.

On 24 Jun 1810 George Fitzroy 2nd Baron Southampton 1761-1810 (48) died. He was buried at St James' Church. His son Charles Fitzroy 3rd Baron Southampton 1804-1872 (5) succeeded 3rd Baron Southampton.

On 16 Oct 1811 Du Pre Alexander 2nd Earl Caledon 1777-1839 (33) and Catherine Yorke Countess Caledon were married at St James' Church.

On 03 Jul 1815 William Vane 3rd Duke Cleveland 1792-1864 (23) and Grace Caroline Lowther Duchess of Cleveland -1883 were married at St James' Church.

On 02 Sep 1824 Edward Granville Eliot 3rd Earl St Germans 1798-1877 (26) and Jemima Cornwallis 4th Countess St Germans 1803-1856 (20) were married at St James' Church.

On 23 Jul 1887 Charles Robert Spencer 6th Earl Spencer 1857-1922 (29) and Margaret Baring Countess Spencer were married at St James' Church.

St James' Gate

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Saturday 01 May 1669. Up betimes. Called up by my tailor, and there first put on a summer suit this year; but it was not my fine one of flowered tabby vest, and coloured camelott tunique, because it was too fine with the gold lace at the hands, that I was afeard to be seen in it; but put on the stuff suit I made the last year, which is now repaired; and so did go to the Office in it, and sat all the morning, the day looking as if it would be fowle. At noon home to dinner, and there find my wife (28) extraordinary fine, with her flowered tabby gown that she made two years ago, now laced exceeding pretty; and, indeed, was fine all over; and mighty earnest to go, though the day was very lowering; and she would have me put on my fine suit, which I did. And so anon we went alone through the town with our new liveries of serge, and the horses’ manes and tails tied with red ribbons, and the standards there gilt with varnish, and all clean, and green refines, that people did mightily look upon us; and, the truth is, I did not see any coach more pretty, though more gay, than ours, all the day. But we set out, out of humour — I because Betty, whom I expected, was not come to go with us; and my wife (28) that I would sit on the same seat with her, which she likes not, being so fine: and she then expected to meet Sheres, which we did in the Pell Mell, and, against my will, I was forced to take him into the coach, but was sullen all day almost, and little complaisant: the day also being unpleasing, though the Park full of coaches, but dusty and windy, and cold, and now and then a little dribbling rain; and, what made it worst, there were so many hackney-coaches as spoiled the sight of the gentlemen’s; and so we had little pleasure. But here was W. Batelier and his sister in a borrowed coach by themselves, and I took them and we to the lodge; and at the door did give them a syllabub, and other things, cost me 12s., and pretty merry. And so back to the coaches, and there till the evening, and then home, leaving Mr. Sheres at St. James’s Gate, where he took leave of us for altogether, he being this night to set out for Portsmouth post, in his way to Tangier, which troubled my wife (28) mightily, who is mighty, though not, I think, too fond of him. But she was out of humour all the evening, and I vexed at her for it, and she did not rest almost all the night, so as in the night I was forced; to take her and hug her to put her to rest. So home, and after a little supper, to bed.

St James's Palace

On 23 Jul 1536 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (17) died at St James's Palace. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham.

Death of Mary I

On 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (42) died at St James's Palace. Her sister Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (25) succeeded I King England and Ireland: Tudor. William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (31) was deputed with informing Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (31).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola 1532-1625 (41). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (45).

Around 1560 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577 (43). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (32).

Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (62). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (22).

Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (66). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (26).

Funeral of Prince Frederick

On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.
Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) carried the shield.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (20) at St James's Palace. He was created as Duke Cornwall and Duke Rothesay the same day.

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

On 14 Oct 1633 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (23) at St James's Palace.

On 30 Apr 1662 Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (28) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (25) at St James's Palace.

On 12 Jul 1663 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (29) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (26) at St James's Palace.

On 06 Feb 1665 Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27) at St James's Palace at 11:39pm being their fourth child and second daughter. She was baptised Anglican in the Chapel Royal with her elder sister Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (2) being Godparent as well as Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (13) and Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury 1598-1677 (66).

Four Days' Battle

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 July. 04 Jul 1666. The solemn Fast-day. Dr. Meggot preached an excellent discourse before the King (36) on the terrors of God's judgments. After sermon, I waited on my Lord Archbishop of Canterbury (49) and Bishop of Winchester (47), where the Dean of Westminster (31) spoke to me about putting into my hands the disposal of fifty pounds, which the charitable people of Oxford had sent to be distributed among the sick and wounded seamen since the battle. Hence, I went to the Lord Chancellor's (57) to joy him of his Royal Highness's (32) second son, now born at St. James's; and to desire the use of the Star-chamber for our Commissioners to meet in, Painters' Hall, Queenhithe not being so convenient.

On 04 Jul 1666 Charles Stewart 1st Duke Kendal 1666-1667 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (32) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (29) at St James's Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 February. 02 Feb 1683. I made my court at St. James's, when I saw the sea charts of Captain Collins (40), which that industrious man now brought to show the Duke (49), having taken all the coasting from the mouth of the Thames, as far as Wales, and exactly measuring every creek, island, rock, soundings, harbors, sands, and tides, intending next spring to proceed till he had finished the whole island, and that measured by chains and other instruments: a most exact and useful undertaking. He affirmed, that of all the maps put out since, there are none extant so true as those of Joseph Norden, who gave us the first in Queen Elizabeth's time; all since him are erroneous.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Bridge, with the Lord Mayor's Procession on the Thames.

Around 1754. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Eton College with the new Eton College Chapel, Eton College visible in white stone and the original Tudor buildings in red brick.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 August. 04 Aug 1686. I dined at Signor Verrio's (50), the famous Italian painter, now settled in his Majesty's garden at St. James's, which he had made a very delicious paradise.

Glorious Revolution

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 December. 13 Dec 1688. The King (55) flies to sea, puts in at Faversham for ballast; is rudely treated by the people; comes back to Whitehall.
The Prince of Orange (38) is advanced to Windsor, is invited by the King (55) to St. James's, the messenger sent was the Earl of Faversham (47), the General of the Forces, who going without trumpet, or passport, is detained prisoner by the Prince (38), who accepts the invitation, but requires his Majesty (38) to retire to some distant place, that his own guards may be quartered about the palace and city. This is taken heinously and the King (38) goes privately to Rochester; is persuaded to come back; comes on the Sunday; goes to mass, and dines in public, a Jesuit saying grace (I was present)..

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 December. 18 Dec 1688. I saw the King (55) take barge to Gravesend at twelve o'clock—a sad sight! The Prince (38) comes to St. James's, and fills Whitehall with Dutch guards. A Council of Peers meet about an expedient to call a Parliament; adjourn to the House of Lords. The Chancellor, Earl of Peterborough (67), and divers others taken. The Earl of Sunderland (47) flies; Sir Edward Hale (43), Walker, and others, taken and secured.
All the world go to see the Prince (38) at St. James's, where there is a great Court. There I saw him, and several of my acquaintance who came over with him. He is very stately, serious and reserved. The English soldiers sent out of town to disband them; not well pleased..

John Evelyn's Diary 1691 March. 13 Mar 1691. I went to visit Monsieur Justell and the Library at St. James's, in which that learned man had put the MSS. (which were in good number) into excellent order, they having lain neglected for many years. Divers medals had been stolen and embezzled.

On 02 Mar 1696 William Murray 3rd Earl Dunmore 1696-1756 was born to Charles Murray 1st Earl Dunmore 1661-1710 (35) at St James's Palace.

In 1734 Willam Karel Hendrik Friso Orange-Nassau 1711-1751 (22) and Anne Hanover 1709-1759 (24) were married at St James's Palace.

On 23 Dec 1734 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (51) died at St James's Palace. His brother Thomas Newport 4th Earl Bradford 1696-1762 (38) succeeded 4th Earl Bradford (1C 1694), 4th Viscount Newport of Bradford in Shropshire.

On 08 May 1737 Margaret Georgiana Poyntz Countess Spencer 1737-1814 was born to Stephen Poyntz 1685-1750 (51) and Anna-Maria Mordaunt -1771 at St James's Palace.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2B.

On 04 Mar 1799 William Anne Capell 4th Earl Essex 1732-1799 (66) died at St James's Palace. His son George Capell-Coningsbury 5th Earl Essex 1757-1839 (41) succeeded 5th Earl Essex (9C 1641). Sarah Bazett Countess Essex 1759-1838 (39) by marriage Countess Essex.

In 1816. Charles Turner Painter 1774-1857 (41). Mezzotint. Portrait of Sarah Bazett Countess Essex 1759-1838 (56).

On 27 Feb 1814 Margaret Smith Countess Lucan 1740-1814 (74) died at St James's Palace.

On 22 Jul 1816 William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1834 (40) and Mary Hanover Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1857 (40) were married (he was her first-cousin) at St James's Palace. Mary Hanover Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1857 (40) by marriage Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh.

On 03 Feb 1824 Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824 (68) died at St James's Palace.

Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

11 Feb 1840. Tuesday. Supplement to the London Gazette.
St James's Palace. February 10, 1840.
THIS day the Marriage of the QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY (20) with Field Marshal His ROYAL HIGHNESS FRANCIS ALBERT AUGUSTUS CHARLES EMANUEL, DUKE OF SAXE, PRINCE OF SAXE COBOURG AND GOTHA, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (20), was solemnized at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.
Field Marshal His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (20), attended by his Suite, proceeded from Buckingham-Palace this day, about half past eleven o'clock, to St. James's-Palace, in the following order:
The first Carriage,
Conveying General Sir George Anson, G.C.B. (43); George Edward Anson, Esq (28); and Francis Seymour, Esq (26); the Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour.
The second Carriage,
Conveying the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, the Earl of Uxbridge (42) (who afterwards returned to Buckingham-Palace, to attend in Her Majesty's Procession), and the Officers of the Suite of His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, viz. Count Kolowrath (62), Baron Alvensleben, and Baron De Lowenfels.
The third Carriage,
Conveying His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (20), His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Colourg and Gotha (56) (father), and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha (21) (elder brother).
Her Majesty (20), attended by Her Royal Household, accompanied by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (53), proceeded, at twelve o'clock, from Buckingham-Palace to St James's Palace, in the following order:
The first Carriage,
Conveying two Gentlemen Ushers, Charles Heneage, Esq (33) and the Honourable Heneage Legge (51); Yeoman of the Yeomen of the Guard, Charles Hancock, Esq,; and the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (51).
The second Carriage,
Conveying the Equerry in Waiting, Lord Alfred Paget (23); two Pages of Honour, Charles T. Wemyss, Esq and Henry William John Byng (8), Esq j and the Groom in Waiting, the Honourable George Keppel.
The third Carriage,
Conveying the Clerk Marshal, Colonel the Honourable H. E. G. Cavendish (50); the Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of Belfast, G. C. H. (43); and the Comptroller of the Household, the Right Honourable George Stevens Byng (33).
The fourth Carriage,
Conveying the Woman of the Bedchamber in Waiting, Mrs. Brand (60); the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, the Earl of Ilchester (52); the Master of the Buck Hounds, Lord Kinaird; and the Treasurer of the Household, the Earl of Surrey (48).
The fifth Carriage,
Conyeying the Maid of Honour in Waiting, the Honourable Caroline Cocks; the Duchess of Kent's Lady in Waiting, Lady K Howard ; the Gold Stick, General Lord Hill, G. C.B., G. C. H.; and the Lord in Waiting, Viscount Torrington (27).
The sixth Carriage,
Conveying the Lady of the Bedchamber in Waiting, the Countess of Sandwich (27); the Master of the Horse, the Earl of Albemarle, G. C.H. (67); the Lord Steward, the Earl of Erroll, K.T. G.C.H. (38); and the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Uxbridge (42).
The seventh Carriage,
Conveying Her Most Excellent Majesty the QUEEN (20); Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (53); and the Duchess of Sutherland, the Mistress of the Robes to Her Majesty (33).
The illustrious Personages, and others composing the Procession, then assembled in the Throneroom, and, having been called over by Garter Principal King of Arms, the Processions, moyed in the following order, to the Chapel Royal:
THE PROCESSION OF THE BRIDEGROOM
Drums and Trumpets.
Serjeant Trumpeter.
Master of the Ceremonies, Sir Robert Chester, Knt
Lancaster Herald, George Frederick Beltz, Esq K.H (65), York Herald, Charles George Young, Esq (44).
The Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour, viz. Francis Seymour, Esq (26) Gen. Sir George Anson, G.C B. (43) George Edward Anson, Esq (28)
Vice-Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Belfast, G.C.H. (43), Lord Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Uxbridge.
Continues ...
THE QUEEN. Wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter.
Her Majesty's Train borne by the following twelve unmarried Ladies, viz.
Lady Adelaide Paget (20), Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox (20), Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Villiers (18), Lady Elizabeth Anne Georgiana Dorothea Howard (23), Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper (20), Lady Ida Harriet Augusta Hay (18), Lady Elizabeth West (21), Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope, Lady Mary Augusta Frederica Grimston (20), Lady Jane Harriet Bouverie (20), Lady Eleanora Caroline Paget (12), Lady Mary Charlotte Howard (18).
Assisted by the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (51).
Master of the Horse, The Earl of Albemarle, G.C.H. (67), Mistress of the Robes, The Duchess of Sutherland (33).
Ladies of the Bedchamber, The Marchioness of Normanby (41), The Duchess of Bedford (56), The Countess of Burlington (28), The Countess of Sandwich (27), The Lady Portman (30), The Dowager Lady Lyttleton (52), The Lady Barham (25).
Maids of Honour, The Hon. Amelia Murray, The Hon. Harriet Pitt, The Hon. Caroline Cocks, The Hon. Henrietta Anson, The Hon. Matilda Paget, The Hon. Harriet Lister, The Hon. Sarah Mary Cavendish.

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith Painter 1819-1909 (44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (9) and Prince Arthur (12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26).

Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (53). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (39).

1835. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (42). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (48).

Around 1857. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (51). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (70).

Around 1832. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (31). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (45).

Before 1868. Reuben Thomas William Sayers Painter 1815-1888. Portrait of Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana Howard Duchess Sutherland 1806-1868. An inscription on the back of this picture states that it was painted after a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence. However, the only portrait of the Duchess that has been recorded is a double portrait with her daughter Elizabeth (in the collection of the Duke of Sutherland). The picture is currently at Hardwick Hall.

On 05 Jul 1840 Charles George Perceval 2nd Baron Arden, 1st Baron Arden Arden 1756-1840 (83) died at St James's Palace.

Times Newspaper Marriages. 21 Feb 1930. THE DUKE OF WESTMINSTER AND MISS PONSONBY. The marriage of the Duke of Westminster (50) and Miss Loelia Mary Ponsonby (28), daughter of Sir Frederick (62) and Lady Ponsonby, of Great Tangley Manor, Guildford, and St. James's Palace, took place at Prince's-row Register Office yesterday. Among those present were Mr. Winston Churchill (55), Lady Serena James (28), Mrs Walter Rubens, Colonel (65) and Mrs. Guy Wyndham, Captain and Mrs. Cowes, Mrs. Basil Kerr, 2ir. and Mrs. George Drunmaond, and AMr. and Mrs. Richard Guinness. The Duke and Duchess left for their honey- uoon in the Duke's steam yacht the Cutty i Sark, wlhich was moored at Deptford.

Lancaster House Location

York House

Stafford House, St James'

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter IV: Presented at Court. My mother presented me at Court in February 1842, and shortly afterwards I went with my parents to the first fancy dress ball given by Queen Victoria (22).
Our dresses were lovely. My father (52) wore the uniform of a Garde Francaise, and my mother was dressed as a Court lady of the same period. I went as a Louis XV. shepherdess. Mamma took endless pains in seeing that my costume was perfectly designed and carried out, and the result amply repaid her. I was very pleased with my own reflection when at last I was ready after what seemed hours of preparation. My hair was exquisitely poudre and my beautiful pink and white brocade gown, garlanded with roses, looked as though it had actually belonged to my prototype at Versailles. The Queen (22) and Prince Albert (22) complimented mamma on my appearance, and told her that my dress was one of the prettiest in the ballroom. I wore my " Shepherdess " costume at Stafford House, St James' in the following July when the Royal Ball was reproduced.

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith Painter 1819-1909 (44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (9) and Prince Arthur (12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26).

Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (53). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (39).

On 25 Nov 1888 Anne Hay-Mackenzie Duchess Sutherland 1829-1888 (59) died at Stafford House, St James'.

Lancaster House

Chapel Royal, St James's Palace

Baptism of future Charles II

On 27 Jun 1630 the future Charles II was baptised by William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645 (56) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. Louis XIII King France 1601-1643 (28) and Marie de Medici Queen Consort France 1575-1642 (55) were godparents.
Robert Kerr 1st Earl Ancram 1578-1654 (52) was created 1st Earl Ancram.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 January. 12th January, 1662. At St. James's chapel preached, or rather harangued, the famous orator, Monsieur Morus, in French. There were present the King (31), Duke (28), French Ambassador, Lord Aubigny (42), Earl of Bristol (49), and a world of Roman Catholics, drawn thither to hear this eloquent Protestant.

John Evelyn's Diary 1664 June. 9th June, 1664. Sir Samuel Tuke (49) being this morning married to a lady, kinswoman to my Lord Arundel of Wardour (57), by the Queen's Lord Almoner, L. Aubigny (44) in St. James's chapel, solemnized his wedding night at my house with much company.

On 06 Feb 1665 Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27) at St James's Palace at 11:39pm being their fourth child and second daughter. She was baptised Anglican in the Chapel Royal with her elder sister Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (2) being Godparent as well as Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (13) and Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury 1598-1677 (66).

John Evelyn's Diary 1676 August. 01 Aug 1676. In the afternoon, after prayers at St. James's Chapel, was christened a daughter of Dr. Leake's (34), the Duke's (42) Chaplain: godmothers were Lady Mary (14), daughter of the Duke of York (42), and the Duchess of Monmouth (25): godfather, the Earl of Bath (47).

Marriage of Lady Anne and Prince George

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 July. 28 Jul 1683. He (30) was married to the Lady Anne (18) at Whitehall. Her Court and household to be modeled as the Duke's, her father (49), had been, and they to continue in England. See Marriage of Lady Anne and Prince George.

On 28 Jul 1683 Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (30) and Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (18) were married (he was her half second-cousin once-removed) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 February. 21 Feb 1689. Dr. Burnet (45) preached at St. James's on the obligation to walk worthy of God's particular and signal deliverance of the nation and church.
I saw the new Queen (26) and King (38), with great acclamation and general good reception. Bonfires, bells, guns, etc. It was believed that both, especially the Princess (26), would have shown some (seeming) reluctance at least, of assuming her father's (55) crown, and made some apology, testifying by her regret that he should by his mismanagement necessitate the nation to so extraordinary a proceeding, which would have shown very handsomely to the world, and according to the character given of her piety; consonant also to her husband's (38) first declaration, that there was no intention of deposing the King (55), but of succoring the nation; but nothing of all this appeared; she (26) came into Whitehall laughing and jolly, as to a wedding, so as to seem quite transported. She (26) rose early the next morning, and in her undress, as it was reported, before her women were up, went about from room to room to see the convenience of Whitehall; lay in the same bed and apartment where the late Queen (30) lay, and within a night or two sat down to play at basset, as the Queen (30), her predecessor used to do. She smiled upon and talked to everybody, so that no change seemed to have taken place at Court since her last going away, save that infinite crowds of people thronged to see her, and that she went to our prayers. This carriage was censured by many. She seems to be of a good nature, and that she takes nothing to heart: while the Prince (38), her husband, has a thoughtful countenance, is wonderfully serious and silent, and seems to treat all persons alike gravely, and to be very intent on affairs: Holland, Ireland, and France calling for his care.
Divers Bishops and Noblemen are not at all satisfied with this so sudden assumption of the Crown, without any previous sending, and offering some conditions to the absent King; or on his not returning, or not assenting to those conditions, to have proclaimed him Regent; but the major part of both Houses prevailed to make them King and Queen immediately, and a crown was tempting. This was opposed and spoken against with such vehemence by Lord Clarendon (her own uncle), that it put him by all preferment, which must doubtless have been as great as could have been given him. My Lord of Rochester (46), his brother, overshot himself, by the same carriage and stiffness, which their friends thought they might have well spared when they saw how it was like to be overruled, and that it had been sufficient to have declared their dissent with less passion, acquiescing in due time.
The Archbishop of Canterbury (72) and some of the rest, on scruple of conscience and to salve the oaths they had taken, entered their protests and hung off, especially the Archbishop, who had not all this while so much as appeared out of Lambeth. This occasioned the wonder of many who observed with what zeal they contributed to the Prince's (38) expedition, and all the while also rejecting any proposals of sending again to the absent King (55); that they should now raise scruples, and such as created much division among the people, greatly rejoicing the old courtiers, and especially the Papists.
Another objection was, the invalidity of what was done by a convention only, and the as yet unabrogated laws; this drew them to make themselves on the 22d a Parliament, the new King (38) passing the act with the crown on his head. The lawyers disputed, but necessity prevailed, the government requiring a speedy settlement.
Innumerable were the crowds, who solicited for, and expected offices; most of the old ones were turned out. Two or three white staves were disposed of some days before, as Lord Steward, to the Earl of Devonshire (49); Treasurer of the household, to Lord Newport; Lord Chamberlain to the King, to my Lord of Dorset (46); but there were as yet none in offices of the civil government save the Marquis of Halifax (55) as Privy Seal. A council of thirty was chosen, Lord Derby (34) president, but neither Chancellor nor Judges were yet declared, the new Great Seal not yet finished.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. Francois de Troy 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

Around 1655. Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (14).

On 08 Sep 1761 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (23) and Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (17) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (17) by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

Around 1766 Johan Joseph Zoffany Painter 1733-1810 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (21).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (23).

1777. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (38). Portrait of the Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (32).

On 03 Feb 1765 William Petty 1st Marquess Lansdowne 1737-1805 (27) and Sophia Carteret Countess Shelburne 1745-1771 (19) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. Sophia Carteret Countess Shelburne 1745-1771 (19) by marriage Countess Shelburne in County Wexford (2C 1751).

On 08 Apr 1795 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1798. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830 (28). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (29).

In 1823. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (30). The Trial of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821.

1819. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (41). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (50).

1820. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (42). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51).

Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

On 10 Feb 1840 Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (20) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20) were married (he was her first-cousin) by Charles Longley Archbishop 1794-1868 (45) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861.

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26).

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (53). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (39).

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith Painter 1819-1909 (44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (9) and Prince Arthur (12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

11 Feb 1840. Tuesday. Supplement to the London Gazette.
St James's Palace. February 10, 1840.
THIS day the Marriage of the QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY (20) with Field Marshal His ROYAL HIGHNESS FRANCIS ALBERT AUGUSTUS CHARLES EMANUEL, DUKE OF SAXE, PRINCE OF SAXE COBOURG AND GOTHA, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (20), was solemnized at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.
Field Marshal His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (20), attended by his Suite, proceeded from Buckingham-Palace this day, about half past eleven o'clock, to St. James's-Palace, in the following order:
The first Carriage,
Conveying General Sir George Anson, G.C.B. (43); George Edward Anson, Esq (28); and Francis Seymour, Esq (26); the Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour.
The second Carriage,
Conveying the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, the Earl of Uxbridge (42) (who afterwards returned to Buckingham-Palace, to attend in Her Majesty's Procession), and the Officers of the Suite of His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, viz. Count Kolowrath (62), Baron Alvensleben, and Baron De Lowenfels.
The third Carriage,
Conveying His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (20), His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Colourg and Gotha (56) (father), and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha (21) (elder brother).
Her Majesty (20), attended by Her Royal Household, accompanied by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (53), proceeded, at twelve o'clock, from Buckingham-Palace to St James's Palace, in the following order:
The first Carriage,
Conveying two Gentlemen Ushers, Charles Heneage, Esq (33) and the Honourable Heneage Legge (51); Yeoman of the Yeomen of the Guard, Charles Hancock, Esq,; and the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (51).
The second Carriage,
Conveying the Equerry in Waiting, Lord Alfred Paget (23); two Pages of Honour, Charles T. Wemyss, Esq and Henry William John Byng (8), Esq j and the Groom in Waiting, the Honourable George Keppel.
The third Carriage,
Conveying the Clerk Marshal, Colonel the Honourable H. E. G. Cavendish (50); the Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of Belfast, G. C. H. (43); and the Comptroller of the Household, the Right Honourable George Stevens Byng (33).
The fourth Carriage,
Conveying the Woman of the Bedchamber in Waiting, Mrs. Brand (60); the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, the Earl of Ilchester (52); the Master of the Buck Hounds, Lord Kinaird; and the Treasurer of the Household, the Earl of Surrey (48).
The fifth Carriage,
Conyeying the Maid of Honour in Waiting, the Honourable Caroline Cocks; the Duchess of Kent's Lady in Waiting, Lady K Howard ; the Gold Stick, General Lord Hill, G. C.B., G. C. H.; and the Lord in Waiting, Viscount Torrington (27).
The sixth Carriage,
Conveying the Lady of the Bedchamber in Waiting, the Countess of Sandwich (27); the Master of the Horse, the Earl of Albemarle, G. C.H. (67); the Lord Steward, the Earl of Erroll, K.T. G.C.H. (38); and the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Uxbridge (42).
The seventh Carriage,
Conveying Her Most Excellent Majesty the QUEEN (20); Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (53); and the Duchess of Sutherland, the Mistress of the Robes to Her Majesty (33).
The illustrious Personages, and others composing the Procession, then assembled in the Throneroom, and, having been called over by Garter Principal King of Arms, the Processions, moyed in the following order, to the Chapel Royal:
THE PROCESSION OF THE BRIDEGROOM
Drums and Trumpets.
Serjeant Trumpeter.
Master of the Ceremonies, Sir Robert Chester, Knt
Lancaster Herald, George Frederick Beltz, Esq K.H (65), York Herald, Charles George Young, Esq (44).
The Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour, viz. Francis Seymour, Esq (26) Gen. Sir George Anson, G.C B. (43) George Edward Anson, Esq (28)
Vice-Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Belfast, G.C.H. (43), Lord Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Uxbridge.
Continues ...
THE QUEEN. Wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter.
Her Majesty's Train borne by the following twelve unmarried Ladies, viz.
Lady Adelaide Paget (20), Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox (20), Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Villiers (18), Lady Elizabeth Anne Georgiana Dorothea Howard (23), Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper (20), Lady Ida Harriet Augusta Hay (18), Lady Elizabeth West (21), Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope, Lady Mary Augusta Frederica Grimston (20), Lady Jane Harriet Bouverie (20), Lady Eleanora Caroline Paget (12), Lady Mary Charlotte Howard (18).
Assisted by the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (51).
Master of the Horse, The Earl of Albemarle, G.C.H. (67), Mistress of the Robes, The Duchess of Sutherland (33).
Ladies of the Bedchamber, The Marchioness of Normanby (41), The Duchess of Bedford (56), The Countess of Burlington (28), The Countess of Sandwich (27), The Lady Portman (30), The Dowager Lady Lyttleton (52), The Lady Barham (25).
Maids of Honour, The Hon. Amelia Murray, The Hon. Harriet Pitt, The Hon. Caroline Cocks, The Hon. Henrietta Anson, The Hon. Matilda Paget, The Hon. Harriet Lister, The Hon. Sarah Mary Cavendish.

1835. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (42). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (48).

Around 1857. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (51). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (70).

Around 1832. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (31). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (45).

Before 1868. Reuben Thomas William Sayers Painter 1815-1888. Portrait of Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana Howard Duchess Sutherland 1806-1868. An inscription on the back of this picture states that it was painted after a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence. However, the only portrait of the Duchess that has been recorded is a double portrait with her daughter Elizabeth (in the collection of the Duke of Sutherland). The picture is currently at Hardwick Hall.

Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

On 25 Jan 1858 Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (26) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (17) were married in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Around 1862. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (56). Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (21) and Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (30) and their chlidren.

Around 1842 . John Phillip Painter 1817-1867 (24). Victorias Wedding with Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (1) and Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (10)

Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (36). Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (1).

Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (36). Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (1).

Around 1865. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (59). Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (24).

On 06 Jul 1893 George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (28) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England 1867-1953 (26) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England 1867-1953 (26) by marriage Duchess York (6C 1892).

1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927 (67). Coronation Portrait of George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (45).

1923. William Bruce Ellis-Rankin Painter 1881-1941 (42). Portrait of Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England 1867-1953 (55).

On 15 Oct 1913 Prince Arthur of Connaught 1883-1938 (30) and Alexandra Duff 1891-1959 (22) were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Survey London Volume 4 Chelsea Part II. The Site of Beaufort House
In the whole history of Chelsea, a history which is indeed famous, so many notable men and women has this little village known—the chief interest has centred about Beaufort House. From those early days in the 16th century, when it was the well-loved home of Sir Thomas More, until the 18th, when it was the seat of the Duke of Beaufort, it yielded to no other house in importance, not to King Henry VIII's manor house in Cheyne Walk, nor to the Earl of Shrewsbury's mansion, nor to the old manor house with which it shared the dignity of a proprietary chapel in the old Church. It did not carry with it the lordship of the manor, but its property was extensive, including practically the frontage of the Thames between Milman Street and Church Street, and its gardens stretched northwards as far as the King's Road.
The house stood across the line of the present Beaufort Street and rather nearer King's Road than the river. Between it and the way along the waterside were two large courtyards, and opposite was a quay. The remainder of the estate, south of the present King's Road, was laid out in gardens and orchards, with the exception of the stable buildings, where now is the Moravian Burial Ground, and the farmhouse and barns on the site of Lindsey House. The situation, attractive as it is now, was far lovelier then, when across the Surrey bank was a view of undisturbed wood and pasture.
Sir Thomas More lived here for some fourteen years until his attainder in 1535. He loved to escape from London and from the Court, and to give himself up to his family and his own literary pursuits in his Chelsea home, and here he entertained many friends, among whom were Erasmus and Holbein. The latter may well have designed the beautiful capitals in the More chapel, in the old church (dated 1528), which show his hand as plainly as the ceiling of the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace, which was executed in 1540.
More's estate was granted to Sir William Paulet [See Patent Roll, I Edward VI., pt. 3.] (first Marquess of Winchester): it was inherited by his son the second Marquess, and in 1575 passed to Gregory Fiennes, Lord Dacre of the South, and his wife Anne — the foundress of those charming almshouses, Emmanuel Hospital, Westminster, now destroyed — who was a daughter of the Marchioness of Winchester by her former husband, Sir Robert Sackville. Lady Dacre, who died in 1595, left the house to Lord Burleigh, who is said to have lived here, and he was followed by his youngest son, Sir Robert Cecil, afterwards Earl of Salisbury, who took possession in 1597. It is to Cecil's passion for building, which was not exhausted until he had parted with his fortune in completing Hatfield, that we owe the earliest representations on paper of the house at Chelsea. In his Chelsea Old Church Mr. Randall Davies published a reproduction of a beautiful plan of the Chelsea Estate, preserved among the Hatfield papers, and the present writer in some further research among Lord Salisbury's MSS. found five plans to a larger scale, all of which have reference to Cecil's schemes for rebuilding Sir Thomas More's house. For a detailed examination of these plans, the reader is referred to the Architectural Review of March and May, 1911, but by the courtesy of the proprietors of the Review, the reproductions are included here.
Cecil does not seem to have carried out his larger schemes and he sold the house to Henry Clinton, second Earl of Lincoln, in 1599.
Lincoln settled the estate on Sir Arthur Gorges, who had married his daughter. He lived in the house just mentioned, adjoining the great house, built for him by his father-in-law, and some four years after the latter's death in 1615, he sold Sir Thomas More's house to Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex. [See Close Roll, 18 Jas. I., pt. 18.] The new owner purchased several additions to the property, including "Brick Barn Close" and "The Sandhills," both north of the King's Road. These he converted into the Park, which is shown in Kip's view and was not built upon until after 1717. Cranfield fell under the displeasure of the King, and in consequence forfeited his property, which Charles I. granted in 1627 to George Villiers, first Duke of Buckingham. After the Duke's assassination, the family continued to reside here until the outbreak of the Civil War, when the house was seized by the Parliament, and Mr. Randall Davies has referred to the record in the Perfect Occurrences of the petition in 1646 of the Duchess of Lennox, Buckingham's daughter, for leave to come to London, or to her house in Chelsea, to be under Dr. Mayerne's hands for her health. The great physician was then living at Lindsey House, the old farmhouse belonging to the estate.
In the account in the Architectural Review (May, 1911) I have summarised the later history of the house as follows:—"After the great house had been occupied during the Commonwealth by the Parliamentary Commissioners, Sir Bulstrode Whitlocke and John Lisle, the second Duke of Buckingham regained possession. Lost to him, through his debts, the house ultimately passed (1674) into the hands of the trustees for George Digby, Earl of Bristol, and his Countess sold it in 1682 to Henry, Marquess of Worcester, afterwards Duke of Beaufort, the house remaining in his family until 1720. It was during this period, about the year 1699, that Kip's beautiful view of the mansion - now called Beaufort House — was published, a priceless record of the property, so ruthlessly defaced and destroyed by Sir Hans Sloane after he purchased it in 1737. Mr. Randall Davies, whom I have followed in the account of the occupants of the house, has printed the interesting conveyance of the property to Sloane, and if its description is carefully collated with the information in Kip's view, one is struck by the wonderful accuracy of the latter. Here is the great house as shown by Thorpe, its lodges and its forecourts, the wharf, with its brick towers east and west, the orchard and 'one garden environed with brick walls … and a terrace on the north end, with a banqueting house on the east end of the terrace,' as well as 'one great garden … extending from the terrace and banqueting house into the highway on the north.' This banqueting house is alike in detail to the sketch of 'a summer house, Chelsea,' in the Smithson collection of seventeenth-century drawings, now in the possession of Colonel Coke. But valuable as is the representation of the great house, the print has much more information to give us. The great park is there shown in all its original beauty; the Duke of Beaufort's stables and yard, since converted into the historic chapel and burying ground of the Moravians is to the west; and nearer the river the beautiful Jacobean house of Sir Arthur Gorges (our sole evidence of its character and design) and the house and gardens of the Earls of Lindsey. And to the east, below the wide area of Dovecote Close, laid out as a huge kitchen garden, are the fine pleasure grounds of Danvers House, which had been destroyed but three years before the drawing was published.".

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Known as "Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling". The subject is believed to be Anne Ashby -1539 wife of Francis Lovell -1552 (18). The starling is probably intended as a rhyming pun of East Harling, where the family had recently inherited the estate of East Harling Hall, East Harling. Squirrels nibbling on nuts feature on the heraldry of the Lovell family: the windows of the Church of St Peter and St Paul, East Harling include two of the family’s arms in stained glass, each showing six red squirrels. The commission may commemorate the birth of a son to the couple in the spring of 1526, but it also showed off their new status as wealthy landowners.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter-twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Lady Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (36). Drawing of Thomas Elyot 1490-1546 (43).

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (36). Drawing of Margaret Barrow 1500-1560 (33).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (39). Drawing of Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542 (33).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (39). Drawing of Margaret More 1505-1544 (31) known by her married name of "Margaret Roper".

Around 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (40). Drawing of Elizabeth Jenks Baroness Rich Leez 1510-1558 (27).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

After 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley Waldon -1564 based on she having become Lady Audley on 29 Nov 1538. Coloured chalks, silverpoint, pen and ink on pink-primed paper, 29.2 × 20.7 cm, Royal Collection, Windsor Castle. The drawing is inscribed, by a later hand than Holbein's, "The Lady Audley".

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (23).

Around 1542 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (45). Drawing of William Sharington 1495-1553 (47).

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 wearing his Garter Collar and Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1634. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (28).

In 1650. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (44).

Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 was christened at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Great Council Chamber, St James's Palace

On 25 Feb 1773 Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex 1773-1843 was christened at Great Council Chamber, St James's Palace.

1817. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (39). Portrait of Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex 1773-1843 (43).

1837. Thomas Phillips Painter 1770-1845 (66). Portrait of Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex 1773-1843 (63) sat in the chair of the President of the Royal Society.

St. James's Park

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 November. 28th November, 1661. I dined at Chiffinch's house-warming, in St. James's Park; he was his Majesty's (31) closet-keeper, and had his new house full of good pictures, etc. There dined with us Russell, Popish Bishop of Cape Verd, who was sent out to negotiate his Majesty's (31) match with the Infanta of Portugal (23), after the Ambassador was returned.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 December. 1st December, 1662. Having seen the strange and wonderful dexterity of the sliders on the new canal in St. James's Park, performed before their Majesties [Note. Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32) and Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (24)] by divers gentlemen and others with skates, after the manner of the Hollanders, with what swiftness they pass, how suddenly they stop in full career upon the ice; I went home by water, but not without exceeding difficulty, the Thames being frozen, great flakes of ice encompassing our boat.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 February. 09 Feb 1665. Dined at my Lord Treasurer's, the Earl of Southampton (57), in Bloomsbury, where he was building a noble square or piazza, a little town; his own house stands too low, some noble rooms, a pretty cedar chapel, a naked garden to the north, but good air. I had much discourse with his Lordship (57), whom I found to be a person of extraordinary parts, but a valetudinarian.—I went to St. James's Park, where I saw various animals, and examined the throat of the Onocrotylus, or pelican, a fowl between a stork and a swan; a melancholy water-fowl, brought from Astrakhan by the Russian Ambassador; it was diverting to see how he would toss up and turn a flat fish, plaice, or flounder, to get it right into his gullet at its lower beak, which, being filmy, stretches to a prodigious wideness when it devours a great fish. Here was also a small water-fowl, not bigger than a moorhen, that went almost quite erect, like the penguin of America; it would eat as much fish as its whole body weighed; I never saw so unsatiable a devourer, yet the body did not appear to swell the bigger. The solan geese here are also great devourers, and are said soon to exhaust all the fish in a pond. Here was a curious sort of poultry not much exceeding the size of a tame pigeon, with legs so short as their crops seemed to touch the earth; a milk-white raven; a stork, which was a rarity at this season, seeing he was loose, and could fly loftily; two Balearian cranes, one of which having had one of his legs broken and cut off above the knee, had a wooden or boxen leg and thigh, with a joint so accurately made that the creature could walk and use it as well as if it had been natural; it was made by a soldier. The park was at this time stored with numerous flocks of several sorts of ordinary and extraordinary wild fowl, breeding about the Decoy, which for being near so great a city, and among such a concourse of soldiers and people, is a singular and diverting thing. There were also deer of several countries, white; spotted like leopards; antelopes, an elk, red deer, roebucks, stags, Guinea goats, Arabian sheep, etc. There were withy-pots, or nests, for the wild fowl to lay their eggs in, a little above the surface of the water.

Four Days' Battle

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 01 Jun 1666. Being in my garden at 6 o'clock in the evening, and hearing the great guns go thick off, I took horse and rode that night to Rochester; thence next day toward the Downs and seacoast, but meeting the Lieutenant of the Hampshire frigate, who told me what passed, or rather what had not passed, I returned to London, there being no noise, or appearance at Deal, or on that coast of any engagement. Recounting this to his Majesty (36), whom I found at St. James's Park, impatiently expecting, and knowing that Prince Rupert (46) was loose about three at St. Helen's Point at N. of the Isle of Wight, it greatly rejoiced him; but he was astonished when I assured him they heard nothing of the guns in the Downs, nor did the Lieutenant who landed there by five that morning.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Monday 24 May 1669. To White Hall, and there all the morning, and thence home, and giving order for some business and setting my brother to making a catalogue of my books, I back again to W. Hewer (27) to White Hall, where I attended the Duke of York (35) and was by him led to [the King (38)], who expressed great sense of my misfortune in my eyes, and concernment for their recovery; and accordingly signified, not only his assent to desire therein, but commanded me to give them rest summer, according to my late petition to the Duke of York (35). W. Hewer (27) and I dined alone at the Swan; and thence having thus waited on the King (38), spent till four o’clock in St. James’s Park, when I met my wife (28) at Unthanke’s, and so home.

John Evelyn's Diary 1671 March. 01 Mar 1671. I caused Mr. Gibbon (22) to bring to Whitehall his excellent piece of carving, where being come, I advertised his Majesty (40), who asked me where it was; I told him in Sir Richard Browne's (66) (my father-in-law) chamber, and that if it pleased his Majesty (40) to appoint whither it should be brought, being large and though of wood, heavy, I would take care for it. "No," says the King (40), "show me the way, I'll go to Sir Richard's (66) chamber," which he immediately did, walking along the entries after me; as far as the ewry, till he came up into the room, where I also lay. No sooner was he entered and cast his eyes on the work, but he was astonished at the curiosity of it; and having considered it a long time, and discoursed with Mr. Gibbon (22), whom I brought to kiss his hand, he commanded it should be immediately carried to the Queen's (32) side to show her. It was carried up into her bedchamber, where she (32) and the King (40) looked on and admired it again; the King (40), being called away, left us with the Queen (32), believing she would have bought it, it being a crucifix; but, when his Majesty (40) was gone, a French peddling woman, one Madame de Boord, who used to bring petticoats and fans, and baubles, out of France to the ladies, began to find fault with several things in the work, which she understood no more than an ass, or a monkey, so as in a kind of indignation, I caused the person who brought it to carry it back to the chamber, finding the Queen (32) so much governed by an ignorant Frenchwoman, and this incomparable artist had his labor only for his pains, which not a little displeased me; and he was fain to send it down to his cottage again; he not long after sold it for £80, though well worth £100, without the frame, to Sir George Viner (32).
His Majesty's (40) Surveyor, Mr. Wren (47), faithfully promised me to employ him (22). I having also bespoke his Majesty (40) for his work at Windsor Castle, which my friend, Mr. May (49), the architect there, was going to alter, and repair universally; for, on the next day, I had a fair opportunity of talking to his Majesty (40) about it, in the lobby next the Queen's (32) side, where I presented him with some sheets of my history. I thence walked with him through St. James's Park to the garden, where I both saw and heard a very familiar discourse between ... and Mrs. Nelly (21), as they called an impudent comedian, she looking out of her garden on a terrace at the top of the wall, and ... [Note. the elipsis here is John Evelyn being coy about the King (40)'s conversation with Nell Gwyn.] standing on the green walk under it. I was heartily sorry at this scene. Thence the King (40) walked to the Duchess of Cleveland (30), another lady of pleasure, and curse of our nation.

On 13 Mar 1679 Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 was born to Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield 1663-1716 (16) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (14) at St. James's Park.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 December. 17 Dec 1684. Early in the morning I went into St. James's Park to see three Turkish or Asian horses, newly brought over, and now first shewed to his Ma* (54). There were foure, but one of them died at sea, being three weekes coming from Hamborow. They were taken from a Bashaw at the siege of Vienna, at the late famous raising that leaguer. I never beheld so delicate a creature as one of them was, of somewhat a bright bay, two white feet, a blaze ; such a head, eyes, cares, neck, breast, belly, haunches, legs, pasterns, and feete, in all reguards beautifull and proportion'd to admiration ; spirited, proud, nimble, making halt, turning with that swiftnesse, and in so small a compasse, as was admirable. With all this so gentle and tractable as call'd to mind what I remember Busbequius speakes of them, to the reproch of our groomes in Europe, who bring up their horses so churlishly as makes most of them retain their 111 habits. They trotted like does, as if they did not feele the ground. 500 guinnies was demanded for the first ; 300 for the second; and 200 for the third, wch was browne. All of them were choicely shap'd, but the two last not altogether so perfect as the first. It was judg'd by the spectators, among whom was the King (54), Prince of Denmark (31), Duke of Yorke (51), and several of the Court, noble persons, skill'd In horses, especialy Mons. Faubert and his sonn, (provost masters of yc Academie, and esteem'd of the best in Europe,) that there were never seene any horses in these parts to be compar'd with them. Add to all this, the furniture, consisting of embroidery on the saddle, houseings, quiver, bow, arrows, scymeter, sword, mace, or battle-axe a la Turcisq; the Bashaw's velvet mantle furr'd with the most perfect Ermine I ever beheld ; all which, yron-worke in common furniture, being here of silver, curiously wrought and double gilt, to an incredible value. Such and so extraordinary was the embrodery, that I never saw any thing approching it. The reins and headstall were of crimson silk, cover'd with chaines of silver gilt. There was also a Turkish royal standard of an horse's taile, together with all sorts of other caparisons belonging to a general's horse, by which one may estimate how gallantly and magnificently those infidels appeare in the field, for nothing could be seene more glorious. The gentleman (a German) who rid the horse was in all this garb. They were shod with yron made round and closed at the heele, with a hole in the middle about as wide as a shilling. The hoofes most intire.

John Evelyn's Diary 1699. 15 Jun 1699. This week died Conyers Seymour, son of Sir Edward Seymour (66), killed in a duel caused by a slight affront in St. James's Park, given him by one who was envious of his gallantries; for he was a vain, foppish young man, who made a great éclât about town by his splendid equipage and boundless expense. He was about twenty-three years old; his brother (20), now at Oxford, inherited an estate of £7,000 a year, which had fallen to him not two years before.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of St. James's Park.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Cock-Pit, St. James's Park

Great Plague of London

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 August. 08 Aug 1665. I waited on the Duke of Albemarle (56), who was resolved to stay at the Cock-pit, in St. James's Park. Died this week in London, 4,000. See Great Plague of London.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 September. 25 Sep 1665. My Lord Admiral (40) being come from the fleet to Greenwich, I went thence with him to the Cock-pit, to consult with the Duke of Albemarle (56). I was peremptory that, unless we had £10,000 immediately, the prisoners would starve, and it was proposed it should be raised out of the East India prizes now taken by Lord Sandwich (40). They being but two of the commission, and so not empowered to determine, sent an express to his Majesty (35) and Council, to know what they should do. In the meantime, I had five vessels, with competent guards, to keep the prisoners in for the present, to be placed as I should think best. After dinner (which was at the General's) I went over to visit his Grace, the Archbishop of Canterbury (67), at Lambeth.

Decoy in the Park

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 February. 09 Feb 1665. Dined at my Lord Treasurer's, the Earl of Southampton (57), in Bloomsbury, where he was building a noble square or piazza, a little town; his own house stands too low, some noble rooms, a pretty cedar chapel, a naked garden to the north, but good air. I had much discourse with his Lordship (57), whom I found to be a person of extraordinary parts, but a valetudinarian.—I went to St. James's Park, where I saw various animals, and examined the throat of the Onocrotylus, or pelican, a fowl between a stork and a swan; a melancholy water-fowl, brought from Astrakhan by the Russian Ambassador; it was diverting to see how he would toss up and turn a flat fish, plaice, or flounder, to get it right into his gullet at its lower beak, which, being filmy, stretches to a prodigious wideness when it devours a great fish. Here was also a small water-fowl, not bigger than a moorhen, that went almost quite erect, like the penguin of America; it would eat as much fish as its whole body weighed; I never saw so unsatiable a devourer, yet the body did not appear to swell the bigger. The solan geese here are also great devourers, and are said soon to exhaust all the fish in a pond. Here was a curious sort of poultry not much exceeding the size of a tame pigeon, with legs so short as their crops seemed to touch the earth; a milk-white raven; a stork, which was a rarity at this season, seeing he was loose, and could fly loftily; two Balearian cranes, one of which having had one of his legs broken and cut off above the knee, had a wooden or boxen leg and thigh, with a joint so accurately made that the creature could walk and use it as well as if it had been natural; it was made by a soldier. The park was at this time stored with numerous flocks of several sorts of ordinary and extraordinary wild fowl, breeding about the Decoy, which for being near so great a city, and among such a concourse of soldiers and people, is a singular and diverting thing. There were also deer of several countries, white; spotted like leopards; antelopes, an elk, red deer, roebucks, stags, Guinea goats, Arabian sheep, etc. There were withy-pots, or nests, for the wild fowl to lay their eggs in, a little above the surface of the water.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 March. 29 Mar 1665. Went to Goring House, now Mr. Secretary Bennet's (47), ill-built, but the place capable of being made a pretty villa. His Majesty (34) was now finishing the Decoy in the Park.

St James' Square

On Aug 1673 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Albemarle 1673-1702 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (39) and Arabella Churchill 1648-1730 (25) at St James' Square.

On Jan 1684 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (78) died at St James' Square. His nephew Thomas Jermyn 2nd Baron Jermyn 1633-1703 (50) succeeded 2nd Baron Jermyn of St Edmundsbury in Suffolk. Mary Merry Baroness Jermyn by marriage Baroness Jermyn of St Edmundsbury in Suffolk. Thomas Jermyn 2nd Baron Jermyn 1633-1703 (50) succeeded as 2nd Baron Jermyn of St Edmundsbury in Suffolk.

John Evelyn's Diary 1695 November. 13 Nov 1695. Famous fireworks and very chargeable, the King (45) being returned from his progress. He stayed seven or eight days at Lord Sunderland's (54) at Althorpe, where he was mightily entertained. These fireworks were shown before Lord Romney (54), Master of the Ordnance, in St. James's great square, where the King (45) stood.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

On 12 Oct 1709 Anne Hamilton 1709-1748 was born to James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (51) and Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon 1680-1743 (29) in St James' Square. He was named after his godmother Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (44). His other godparents were John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (59) and Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland 1675-1722 (34).

In 1734 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764 (36). Titled "Edwards Hamilton family on a Terrace" the subjects are Anne Hamilton 1709-1748 (24) and Mary Edwards 1704-1743 (30) and their child Gerard Edwardes of Welham Grove 1734-1773. In her left hand she holds Addison’s Spectator No.580 that describes the need to fill the mind with an awareness of the Divine Being. The books on the table beside her include poetry or sermons of Edward Young, the works of Swift, Pope’s translation of the Iliad, and the devotional writings of Damuel Bowens and Archbishop Tillotson.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 known as The Triumph of the John, 1st Duke of Marlborough.

On 10 Jul 1722 Esther de la Tour du Pin Marquise de Gouvernet - 1722 died at her home in St James' Square.

On 03 Oct 1767 Alexander Hamilton 10th Duke Hamilton, 7th Duke Brandon 1767-1852 was born to Archibald Hamilton 9th Duke Hamilton, 6th Duke Brandon 1740-1819 (27) and Harriet Stewart Duchess Hamilton, Duchess Brandon -1788 at St James' Square.

On 23 Dec 1779 Augustus John Hervey 3rd Earl Bristol 1724-1779 (55) died due to a gout in the stomach in St James' Square. His brother Frederick Augustus Hervey 4th Earl Bristol 1730-1803 (49) succeeded 4th Earl Bristol (2C 1714). Elizabeth Davers Countess Bristol 1733-1800 (46) by marriage Countess Bristol (2C 1714).

On 05 May 1783 George Cadogan 3rd Earl Cadogan 1783-1864 was born to Charles Sloane Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan 1728-1807 (54) and Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan in St James' Square.

On 23 Mar 1789 Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (75) died at St James' Square. He was buried at Osbourne Family Chapel, All Hallows' Church, Harthill. His son Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds 1751-1799 (38) succeeded 5th Duke Leeds.

On 21 Oct 1816 William Lygon 1st Earl Beauchamp 1747-1816 (69) died at St James' Square. His son William Lygon 2nd Earl Beauchamp 1783-1823 (33) succeeded 2nd Earl Beauchamp.

On 28 Mar 1898 George Byng 3rd Earl Strafford 1830-1898 (68) died at St James' Square. His brother Henry Byng 4th Earl Strafford 1831-1899 (66) succeeded 4th Earl Strafford (3C 1847). Henrietta Louisa Elizabeth Danneskiold-Samsøe Countess Strafford 1836-1880 by marriage Countess Strafford (3C 1847).

10 St James' Square

On 02 Jul 1839 Ralph King-Milbanke 2nd Earl of Lovelace 1839-1906 was born to William King-Noel 1st Earl Lovelace 1805-1893 (34) and Augusta Ada Byron Countess Lovelace 1815-1852 (23) at 10 St James' Square.

Cleveland House (Number 16), St James' Square

John Evelyn's Diary 1679 December. 4th December, 1679. I dined, together with Lord Ossory (45) and the Earl of Chesterfield (45), at the Portugal Ambassador's (53), now newly come, at Cleveland House, a noble palace, too good for that infamous.... [Note. Probably a reference to Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (39)] The staircase is sumptuous, and the gallery and garden; but, above all, the costly furniture belonging to the Ambassador, especially the rich Japan cabinets, of which I think there were a dozen. There was a billiard table, with as many more hazards as ours commonly have; the game being only to prosecute the ball till hazarded, without passing the port, or touching the pin; if one miss hitting the ball every time, the game is lost, or if hazarded. It is more difficult to hazard a ball, though so many, than in our table, by reason the bound is made so exactly even, and the edges not stuffed; the balls are also bigger, and they for the most part use the sharp and small end of the billiard stick, which is shod with brass, or silver. The entertainment was exceedingly civil; but, besides a good olio, the dishes were trifling, hashed and condited after their way, not at all fit for an English stomach, which is for solid meat. There was yet good fowls, but roasted to coal, nor were the sweetmeats good.

On 21 Aug 1891 Harry George Powlett 4th Duke Cleveland 1803-1891 (88) died at Cleveland House (Number 16), St James' Square. His third-cousin once-removed Henry de Vere Vane 9th Baron Barnard 1854-1918 (37) succeeded 9th Baron Barnard. Catherine Sarah Cecil Baroness Barnard 1861-1918 (30) by marriage Baroness Barnard.

Norfolk House, St James' Square

On 04 Jun 1738 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 was born to Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (31) and Augusta Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1719-1772 (18) at Norfolk House, St James' Square.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (49). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (42).

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

Around 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (49) (attributed). Portrait of Augusta Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1719-1772 (30).

St James' Street

On 04 Jun 1732 Cornwall Fitzfrederick Vane 1732-1736 was born illegitimately to Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (25) and Anne Vane -1736 in St James' Street.

In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (49). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (42).

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

York Street

On 03 May 1775 George Boscawen 1712-1775 (62) died in York Street.