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Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

CONTENT

1321 Siege of Leeds Castle

1346 Battle of Neville's Cross

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1397 Lords Appellant

1399 Richard II Abdication

1400 Epiphany Rising

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

1470 Execution of John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence

1483 Execution of Hastings

1483 Richard of Shrewsbury removed from Sanctuary

1483 Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1521 Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

1536 Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused

1536 Execution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn

1536 Trial of Anne Boleyn

1541 Exeter Conspiracy

1542 Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

1549 Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

1552 Edward Seymour's Execution

1553 Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

1553 Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

1554 Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

1572 Ridolphi Plot

1601 Essex Rebellion

1603 Main and Bye Plot

1605 Gunpowder Plot

1651 Battle of Worcester

1660 Coronation Charles II

1685 Popish Plot

Around 1106 William Mortain Count Mortain, 2nd Earl Cornwall 1083-1140 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1241 Gruffydd ap Llewellyn Aberffraw 1198-1244 (43) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 01 Mar 1244 Gruffydd ap Llewellyn Aberffraw 1198-1244 (46) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After 27 Apr 1296 John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland 1249-1314 (47) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

After 27 Apr 1296 John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (30) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 12 Oct 1297 William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (57) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1298 William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (58) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1321 Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 (8) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1321 Margery Badlesmere Baroness Ros Helmsley 1308-1363 (13) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1321 Maud Badlesmere Countess Oxford 1310-1366 (11) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1321 Giles Badlesmere 2nd Baron Badlesmere 1314-1338 (6) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 05 Jul 1321 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 (37) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (26) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Siege of Leeds Castle

In Oct 1321 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (26) was returning from Canterbury, Kent to London.She sought accommodation at Leeds Castle, Kent which was under the protection of Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34) the wife of Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) . Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34) refused entry to the Queen killing around six of her retinue when they tried to force entry. Edward II King England 1284-1327 (37) commenced the Siege of Leeds Castle .Once Edward II King England 1284-1327 (37) gained possession of the castle, he had the garrison hanged from the battlements. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34) , her five children, and Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355 (34) , her nephew, were imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After Oct 1321 Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1322 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 03 Nov 1322 Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (35) was released at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On Aug 1323 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (36) escaped to France and to Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (28) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1326 Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Chirk 1256-1326 (70) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

After 19 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 19 Dec 1333 Joan Plantagenet 1333-1348 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (21) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (19) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Battle of Neville's Cross

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham, County Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England.
The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (45) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (34) , Ralph Hastings 1291-1346 (55) , Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (55) , William Zouche Archbishop York -1352 , Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (47) and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (35) .
Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22) , John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) were captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .
Neil Bruce -1346 , John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (40) , David Hay 6th Baron Erroll 1318-1346 (28) and Edward Keith of Sinton 1280-1346 (66) were killed .

After 17 Oct 1346 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After 17 Oct 1346 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52) , Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43) , William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52) , Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35) , Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Lords Appellant

In 1387 Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407 was arrested by Lords Appellant and imprisoned in Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire . He was then imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .Thereafter he was released without charge..

On 28 Jan 1388 Nicholas Brembre -1399 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Richard II Abdication

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . Thomas Grey 1359-1400 (40) , William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409 (29) , Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.

In 1400 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London and deprived of his Bishopric.

Epiphany Rising

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was tried by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . .

In 1402 Philip Courtenay 1355-1406 (47) was imprisoned for clerical abuses at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1409 Catrin Mathrafal was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After 24 Oct 1411 John Cockayne 1370-1438 (41) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Around 1412 Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 (37) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 14 May 1414 Roger Cheney 1362-1414 (51) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 (41) , wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester (50) , brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422 , uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (19) , was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke.All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but conFessd to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'.Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .
Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake.
Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.

On 28 Jan 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Around 1453 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (39) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On Oct 1453 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was imprisoned by Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (42) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 25 Jul 1460 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 (63) was murdered at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . On 25 Jul 1460 His daughter Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers -1473 succeeded as 8th Baron Scales .

On Nov 1461 Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1468 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (48) was imprisoned for having taken part in the plots of John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (25) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

After 14 Apr 1471 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (41) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1483 Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

20 May 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485 . Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . Westminster .Grant for life to the king's servant William Hastings (52) , knight, of the office of master and worker of the king's moneys and keeper of the exchange within the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London , the realm of England and the town of Calais according to the form of certain indentures, receiving the accustomed fees.By p.s.

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) , Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) , Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) . During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) , Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46) .
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 . His son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded as 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430) . Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430) .
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

Richard of Shrewsbury removed from Sanctuary

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation.. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant .

After 22 Aug 1485 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (10) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 16 Oct 1485 Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 was created 1st Earl Bath (1C 1486) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) for having supported Henry' claim to the throne.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey . Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37) , almoner Christopher Urswick (37) , the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms (-2) . Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) . Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) , created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43) .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

On 17 Jun 1497 James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 (34) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After 04 Oct 1497 Perkin Warbreck 1474-1499 (23) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Around Mar 1499 Perkin Warbreck 1474-1499 (25) escaped at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Around Mar 1499 Perkin Warbreck 1474-1499 (25) recaptured at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1502 William Pole 1478-1539 (24) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

After 26 Dec 1502 Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 (31) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London with his brother William Pole 1478-1539 (24) . he remained there for eleven years.

On 11 Feb 1503 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (37) died in childbirth at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey .

On Feb 1504 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (29) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 09 Nov 1506 Thomas Green 1461-1506 (45) died at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1516 Robert Sheffield 1461-1518 (54) was imprisoned after complaining against Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 (42) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520. Unknown Artist .French.Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 .

On 10 Aug 1518 Robert Sheffield 1461-1518 (56) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

In Apr 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was arrested and imprisoned at Tower of London . He was accused of listening to prophecies of the King's death and intending to kill the King. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (48) presided at his trial. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (43) and Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (32) acted as judges. Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 , Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533 (41) and Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (41) as jurors.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter-twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant .Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office .

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage.Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Lady Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

On 13 Apr 1534 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (56) was asked to appear before a commission and swear his allegiance Act of Succession. He refused to take the oath and was duly imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .Whilst there Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (49) made several visits in an attempt to persuade More to comply.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant .

On Oct 1535 Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl Kildare 1513-1537 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In May 1536 Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542 (33) was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London for allegedly committing adultery with Anne Boleyn 1475-1556 (60) .

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39) . Drawing of Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542 (33) .

Around 1550 based on a work of around 1540. Unknown Artist . Portrait of Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542 .

Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn

On 02 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (35) was charged with treason and accused of 'despising her marriage and entertaining malice against the King, and following daily her frail and carnal lust' !She was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . Five ladies were appointed to serve Anne whilst in prison including her aunt by marriage Elizabeth Wood , wife of her uncle James Boleyn -1561 and her aunt Anne Boleyn 1475-1556 (60) , and Elizabeth Chamber Baroness St John Bletso -1602 .

In 1538 Ingelram Percy 1506-1538 (32) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Exeter Conspiracy

In Nov 1538 Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (65) , her son Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (46) , his son Henry Pole 1520-1542 (18) , and other Pole family members, and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) , his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (34) , their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (11) and Edward Neville 1471-1538 (67) wre arrested and imprisoned on charges of treason. Cromwell had previously written that they had "little offended save that he [Reginald Pole] is of their kin". They were committed to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1540 Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle 1464-1542 (75) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 28 Jun 1541 Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 (62) was executed for having allowed Gerald "Wizard Earl" Fitzgerald 11th Earl Kildare 1525-1585 (16) , his sister's son, to escape capture at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 03 Mar 1542 Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle 1464-1542 (77) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 12 Dec 1546 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (73) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 16 Jan 1549 Thomas Seymour (41) , the King's uncle, was caught trying to break in to the King's apartments at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey . He entered the privy garden and awoke one of the King's pet spaniels.In response to the dog's barking, he shot and killed it.He was arrested and taken to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 13 Oct 1549 John Thynne 1515-1580 (34) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On Nov 1549 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (29) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1551 Edward Seymour 1529-1593 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On Sep 1551 Edward Waldegrave -1561 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 16 Oct 1551 John Thynne 1515-1580 (36) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 19 Dec 1552 John Seymour 1527-1552 (25) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

After 10 Jul 1553 Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1561 (39) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 25 Jul 1553 Andrew Dudley 1507-1559 (46) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 25 Jul 1553 Henry Dudley 1531-1557 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

On 03 Aug 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate , which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (19) , and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56) , and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80) , who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26) , son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70) , deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56) . They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 18 Mar 1554 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (20) was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1561 Thomas Wharton 2nd Baron Wharton 1520-1572 (41) was imprisoned for celebrating the Catholic mass at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1561 Edward Waldegrave -1561 died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 21 Sep 1561 Edward Seymour 1561-1612 was born to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621 (22) and Catherine Grey Countess Hertford 1540-1568 (21) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1562 Thomas Seymour 1562-1600 was born to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621 (22) and Catherine Grey Countess Hertford 1540-1568 (21) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Ridolphi Plot

On 07 Sep 1571 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (35) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot .

On Nov 1575 Egremont Radclyffe -1578 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 23 Mar 1581 Edward Vere 1581- was born illegitimately to Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (30) and Anne Vavasour 1560-1650 (21) .Both parents were imprisoned in Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London the by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (47) as a consequence. Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (30) was released several months later but banished from court until 1583.

Before 1619 Robert "The Elder" Peake 1551-1619 (67) . Portrait of Anne Vavasour 1560-1650 (58) .

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54) . Portrait of Anne Vavasour 1560-1650 (45) .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In Dec 1584 Henry Percy 8th Earl Northumberland 1532-1585 (52) was imrpisong in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London for a third time.

On 25 Apr 1585 Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (27) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 21 Jun 1585 Henry Percy 8th Earl Northumberland 1532-1585 (53) committed suicide at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was found dead in his bed in his cell, having been shot through the heart. A jury was at once summoned, and returned a verdict of suicide. He was buried in St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . His son Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl Northumberland 1564-1632 (21) succeeded as 9th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (21) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .

On 27 Feb 1587 Anthony Cope 1st Baronet Hanwell 1548-1614 (39) was imprisoned for presenting the Speaker of the House of Commons with a Puritan revision of the Book of Common Prayer and a bill abrogating existing ecclesiastical law at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 01 Mar 1587 John Puckering 1544-1596 (43) was asked by Peter Wentworth 1529-1596 (58) to answer some questions regarding the liberties of the House. Puckering refused, but showed one of the questions to Thomas Heneage 1532-1595 (55) . Wentworth (58) , and four other members of parliament who seconded his motion were imprisoned in the Tower of London .

In 1591 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37) and Elizabeth Throckmorton 1565-1647 (25) were married in secret she probably being pregnant with their first child.When Queen Eizabeth (57) found out they had married without permission she placed them underhouse arrest then sent them to Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37) .

In 1598 William Segar 1554-1663 . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (44) .

In 1585 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (31) .

In 1588 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (34) .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

On 02 Oct 1591 Thomas Fitzherbert 1514-1591 (77) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In Aug 1592 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (38) was released from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37) .

In 1598 William Segar 1554-1663 . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (44) .

In 1585 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (31) .

In 1588 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (34) .

On 03 Nov 1592 John Perrot 1528-1592 (63) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London whilst awaiting execution.

In 1593 Edward Seymour 1529-1593 (64) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1593 Peter Wentworth 1529-1596 (64) was imprisoned for presenting a petition on the subject of the royal succession at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 19 Oct 1595 Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (38) died of dysentery at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London , reburied at Arundel Cathedral, Arundel, Sussex and then reburied in the Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex . His son Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (9) succeeded as 21st Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 4th Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 11th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 11th Baron Arundel (1C 1377)

On 10 Nov 1596 Peter Wentworth 1529-1596 (67) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Essex Rebellion

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (43) was visited by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at his house Gracechurch Street, City of London . Smythe was later accused of complicity in the Essex Rebellion , he was examined before the Privy Council. He was fired from his office of sheriff and committed to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Main and Bye Plot

In Jul 1603 the Main and Bye Plot led by Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham 1564-1618 (38) and Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) sought to replace James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37) with Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28)
Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) was sentenced to death, attainted, and imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 15 Mar 1604 John Acland 1552-1620 (52) was knighted by James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37) at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1605 Carew Raleigh 1605-1666 was born to Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (51) and Elizabeth Throckmorton 1565-1647 (39) in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37) .

In 1598 William Segar 1554-1663 . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (44) .

In 1585 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (31) .

In 1588 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (34) .

In 1605 Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (30) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Gunpowder Plot

Around Oct 1605 Edward Stourton 10th Baron Stourton 1555-1633 (50) was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London for having received a letter from his cousin and brother-in-law Francis Tresham -1605 telling him not to attend Parliament.Nothing was proved against Edward and it emerged that several other Catholic peers had received similar warnings. He was released without charge.

On 22 Jun 1610 William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (22) and Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) were married in secret at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent .For having married without permission James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (44) had Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) imprisoned in Sir Thomas Perry's House, Lambeth, Surrey and he in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In May 1613 Thomas Killigrew 1612-1683 (1) was caught talking to Thomas Overbury, a prisoner in the Tower of London , and sent to the Fleet Prison for a short time. He was later accused of involvement in Overbury's murder, because he had supplied white powder to his patron, the Earl of Somerset (26) , but exonerated.

In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (38) . Portrait of Thomas Killigrew 1612-1683 (25) and (probably) William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts 1611-1677 (27) .

Around 1628 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (38) (copy from original).Portrait of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645 (41) .

On 09 Jul 1614 Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (38) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 25 Sep 1615 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (40) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London from illnesses exacerbated by her refusal to eat.

On 30 Dec 1617 Gervase Clifton 1st Baron Clifton 1570-1618 (47) was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London for having threatened Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 (56) when Francis ordered a survey of Gervase's lands.

On 02 Mar 1629 Miles Hobart 1595-1632 (33) locked the door of the House of Commons, against the King's Messenger and was accordingly imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After 18 Dec 1640 William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (67) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (41) . Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (57) .

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (36) . Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (62) .

On 05 Dec 1643 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (34) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1644 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 (36) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After Aug 1644 Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (29) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1645 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (59) was imprisoned although his son Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (29) remained as a hostage until his fine was paid at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1648 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (62) was released at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Battle of Worcester

On 03 Sep 1651 at the Battle of Worcester Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (52) commanded the Parliamentary army with Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle 1629-1685 (22) .In the Royalist army Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (28) , Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (38) and Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (22) fought. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (60) was captured. Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (36) provided 300 gold pieces to Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) following his defeat.
Henry Lyttelton 2nd Baronet 1624-1693 (27) fought for the Royalists, was captured and spent 17 months imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1656 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (65) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 06 Nov 1656 Robert Shirley 4th Baronet Staunton Harold 1623-1656 (33) died from poisoning , probably, in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1658 Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Chesterfield 1634-1714 (24) was imprisoned for wounding Captain John Whalley in a duel at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Coronation Charles II

On 22 Apr 1660 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) rode from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Whitehall Palace, Westminster .At the Lime Street end of Leadenhall he passed under a triumphal arch built after the Doric order, with Rebellion, her crimson robe alive with snakes, being crushed by Monarchy Restored, and a fine painting of his Majesty's landing at Dover, "with ships at sea, great guns going off, one kneeling and kissing the King's hand, soldiers, horse and foot and many people gazing".
Outside the East India House in Leadenhall Street, City of London , that loyal and honourable trading company expressed their dutiful affections to his Majesty by two Indian youths, one attended by two blackamoors and the other mounted upon a camel, which bore on its back two panniers filled with jewels, spices, and silks to be scattered among the spectators.
At the Conduit in Cornhill a special treat was prepared for the bachelor king in the shape of eight nymphs clad in white. A little further down the street, just opposite the Royal Exchange, was another arch, with stages against it depicting the River Thames and the upper deck of one of his Majesty's ships.
The procession included the Duke of York (26) , the Lord High Constable (57) and the Lord Great Chamberlain (52)
The Sword of State was carried by Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond, 5th Duke Lennox 1649-1660 (11)

On 01 Jul 1661 Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (68) was sentenced and degraded from his honours and titles and to be drawn every year on the anniversary of the king's sentence (27 Jan) upon a sledge through the streets to and under the gallows at Tyburn, Middlesex , with a rope about his neck, and so back to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London , there to remain a prisoner during his life.

In 1669 Henry Savile 1642-1687 (27) was sent to the Tower of London for a few days for having carried Thomas Coventry's (40) challenge to the Duke of Buckingham (40) .

On 02 Feb 1675 John Flamsteed Astronomer 1646-1719 (28) arrived in London. He stayed at the Tower of London with Jonas Moore. He was taken by Silius Titus to meet Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44) .

Around 1678 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (44) was imprisoned being under suspiscion of supporting a Popish Plot at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 28 Jan 1678 Philip "Infamous Earl" Herbert 7th Earl Pembroke, 4th Earl Montgomery 1652-1683 (26) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan . 28 Jan 1685 . I was invited to my Lord Arundel of Wardour (52) , (now newly released of his 6 yeares confinement in ye Tower on suspicion of the Plot call'd Oates's Plot ), where after dinner the same Mr. Pordage entertain'd us with his voice, that excellent and stupendous artist Sign' Jo. Baptist playing to it on the harpsichord. My daughter Mary (20) being with us, she also sung to the greate satisfaction of both the masters, and a world of people of quality present. She (20) did so also at my Lord Rochester's (42) the evening following, where we had the French Boy so fam'd for his singing, and indeede he had a delicate voice, and had ben well taught. I also heard Mrs. Packer (daughter to my old friend) sing before his Ma* and the Duke, privately, that stupendous basse Gosling accompanying her, but hers was so loud as tooke away much of the sweetnesse. Certainly never woman had a stronger or better eare, could she possibly have govern'd it. She would do rarely in a large church among the nunns.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jul . 15 Jul 1685 . I went to see Dr. Tenison's (48) Library [in St. Martin's .].
Monmouth (36) was this day brought to London and examin'd before the King (51) , to whom he made greate submission, acknowledg'd his seduction by Ferguson the Scot (48) , whom he nam'd ye bloudy villain. He was sent to ye Tower , had an interview with his late Dutchesse (34) , whom he receiv'd coldly, having liv'd dishonestly with ye Lady Henrietta Wentworth (24) for two yeares. He obstinately asserted his conversation with that debauch'd woman to be no in, whereupon, seeing he could not be persuaded to his last breath, the divines who were sent to assist him thought not fit to administer the Holy Communion to him. For ye rest of his faults he profess'd greate sorrow, and so died without any apparent feare; he would not make use of a cap or other circumstance, but lying downe, bid the fellow do his office better than to the late Lord Russell , and gave him gold; but the wretch made five chopps before he had his head off; wch so incens'd the people, that had he not been guarded and got away, they would have torn him to pieces. The Duke (36) made no speech on the scaffold (wch was on Tower Hill ) but gave a paper containing not above 5 or 6 lines, for the King (51) , in which he disclaims all title to ye Crown, acknowledges that the late King , his father, had indeede told him he was but his base sonn, and so desir'd his Ma* to be kind to his wife and children. This relation I had from Dr. Tenison (Rector of St. Martin's) (48) , who, with the Bishops of Ely (47) and Bath and Wells (48) , were sent to him by his Ma*, and were at the execution.
Thus ended this quondam Duke, darling of his father and ye ladies, being extreamly handsome and adroit; an excellent souldier and dancer, a favourite of the people, of an easy nature, debauch'd by lust, seduc'd by crafty knaves who would have set him up only to make a property, and took the opportunity of the King being of another religion, to ga ther a party of discontented men. He fail'd, and perish'd. He was a lovely person, had a virtuous and excellent lady that brought him greate riches, and a second dukedom in Scotland. He was Master of the Horse , General of the King his father's Army, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Knight of the Garter, Chancellor of Cambridge, in a word had accumulations without end. See what ambition and want of principles brought him to! He was beheaded on Tuesday 14th July . His mother , whose name was Barlow, daughter of some very meane creatures, was a beautiful strumpet, whom I had often seene at Paris; she died miserably without any thing to bury her; yet this Perkin had ben made to believe that the King had married her; a monstrous and ridiculous forgerie; and to satisfy the world of the iniquity of the report, the King his father (If his father he really was, for he most resembl'd one Sidney , who was familiar with his mother) publickly and most solemnly renounc'd it, to be so enter'd in the Council Booke some yeares since, with all ye Privy Councellors at testation.
Ross, tutor to the Duke of Monmouth, proposed to Bishop Cozens to sign a certificate of the King's marriage to Mrs. Barlow, though her own name was Walters: this the Bishop refused. She was born of a gentleman's family in Wales, but having little means and less grace, came to London to make her fortune. Algernon Sidney , then a Colonel in Cromwell's army, had agreed to give her 50 broad pieces (as he told the Duke of York) but being ordered hastily away with his regiment, he missed his bargain. She went into Holland, where she fell into the hands of his brother Colonel Robert Sidney , who kept her for some time, till the King hearing of her, got her from him. On which the Colonel was heard to say, Let who will have her she is already sped and after being with the King she was so soon with child that the world had no cause to doubt whose child it was, and the rather that when he grew to be a man, he very much resembled the Colonel both in stature and countenance, even to a wort on his face. However the King owned the child. In the King's absence she behaved so loosely, that on his return from his escape at Worcester, he would have no further commerce with her, and she became a common prostitute at Paris. Life of King James II. Vol I.
Had it not pleas'd God to dissipate this attempt in ye beginning, there would in all appearance have gather'd an irresistable force which would have desperately proceeded to ye ruine of ye Church and Govern ment, so general was the discontent and expectation of the opportunity. For my owne part I look'd upon this deliverance as most signal. Such an Inundation of phanatics and men of impious principles must needs have caus'd universal disorder, cruelty, injustice, rapine, sacrilege, and confusion, an unavoidable civil war and misery without end. Blessed be God the knot was happily broken, and a faire prospect of tranquil lity for the future if we reforme, be thankful!, and make a right use of this mercy.

On 09 Oct 1690 Richard Power 1st Earl Tyrone 1630-1690 (60) was sent to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London having accussed of treason.

On 14 Oct 1690 Richard Power 1st Earl Tyrone 1630-1690 (60) died in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . His son John Power 2nd Earl Tyrone 1665-1693 (25) succeeded as 2nd Earl Tyrone (2C 1673) .

On Jul 1691 George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (44) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 25 Oct 1691 George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (44) died at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at Holy Trinity, Minories, City of London

On Mar 1694 Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland 1656-1694 (38) was imprisoned on charges of peculation at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 10 Nov 1710 Edward Griffin 1st Baron Griffin 1650-1710 (59) died having been imprisoned for being a Jacobite at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .His son James Griffin 2nd Baron Griffin 1667-1715 (42) succeeded as 2nd Baron Griffin of Braybrooke .

Before 1710 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (15) . Portrait of Edward Griffin 1st Baron Griffin 1650-1710 (59) .

Before 31 Oct 1715 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (21) . Portrait of James Griffin 2nd Baron Griffin 1667-1715 (47) .

On 29 Oct 1722 Thomas Howard 8th Duke Norfolk 1683-1732 (38) was arrested under suspicion of involvement in a Jacobite plot, and was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

In 1725 Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (58) was imprisoned until payment of his £30,000 fine was received at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

John Seymour 1527-1552 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Chirk 1256-1326 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Thomas Stafford 1533-1557 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Ingelram Percy 1506-1538 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Bloody Tower, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Bowyer Tower, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London . William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

King's Hall, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Trial of Anne Boleyn

On 15 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (35) tried at the King's Hall in the Tower of London . .
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63) was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (44) was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 (34) was the principal witness.
The jurors were:
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52)
Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (24)
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 (21)
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (49)
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (44)
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (56)
Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38)
Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal, 10th Baron Morley 1481-1556 (55)
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (27)
Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (28)
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65)
Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551 (35)
Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (40)
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527
Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (48)
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40)
William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (60)
Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (24)
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48)
Edward Powers Lord Powers
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (66)
Thomas Ware
Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (69)
George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (39) .

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546. Unknown Artist . After William Scrots 1517-1553 . Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 . The Arms on his right . On the left .

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546. Unknown Artist . Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

In 1550 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (30) . Portrait Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (37) with the motto Invidia Torquet Autorem meaning Let envy torment its author.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist .Anglo-Netherlandish.Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (52) .

In 1569 Unknown Artist . Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 .

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (41) . Drawing of George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (41) .

Ordnance Office, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1664 Samuel Martin worded at the Ordnance Office, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused

On 17 May 1536 George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (33) , Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (54) and Mark Smeaton 1512-1536 (24) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London .
George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (33) was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52) , Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (12) and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16) .
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul.
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 28 Jul 1540 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (55) forfeit 1st Earl Essex (6C 1540) . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

On 13 Feb 1542 Catherine Howard (19) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (37) were beheaded at Tower Green . Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended. They were both buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 20 Mar 1549 Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (41) was beheaded at Tower Hill . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Edward Seymour's Execution

On 22 Jan 1552 Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (52) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . King Edward VI (14) noted in his diary ... "the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o'clock in the morning".
On 26 Feb 1552 Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) and Michael Stanhope 1507-1552 (44) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (48) .Both men protested their innocence to the end.
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

After 22 Aug 1553 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

On 12 Feb 1554 Lady Jane Grey (18) was beheaded at Tower Green by order of Queen Elizabeth I (20) .She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
Guildford Dudley (19) was beheaded at Tower Hill .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

After 12 Feb 1554 Guildford Dudley 1535-1554 was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Ridolphi Plot

On 02 Jun 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (36) was executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 21 Jun 1585 Henry Percy 8th Earl Northumberland 1532-1585 (53) committed suicide at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was found dead in his bed in his cell, having been shot through the heart. A jury was at once summoned, and returned a verdict of suicide. He was buried in St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . His son Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl Northumberland 1564-1632 (21) succeeded as 9th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (21) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .

On 19 Oct 1595 Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (38) died of dysentery at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London , reburied at Arundel Cathedral, Arundel, Sussex and then reburied in the Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex . His son Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (9) succeeded as 21st Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 4th Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 11th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 11th Baron Arundel (1C 1377)

On 10 Nov 1710 Edward Griffin 1st Baron Griffin 1650-1710 (59) died having been imprisoned for being a Jacobite at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .His son James Griffin 2nd Baron Griffin 1667-1715 (42) succeeded as 2nd Baron Griffin of Braybrooke .

Before 1710 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (15) . Portrait of Edward Griffin 1st Baron Griffin 1650-1710 (59) .

Before 31 Oct 1715 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (21) . Portrait of James Griffin 2nd Baron Griffin 1667-1715 (47) .

On 18 Aug 1746 William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (41) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London . He was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester

On 18 Oct 1470 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (43) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) , Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) , Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) . During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) , Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46) .
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 . His son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded as 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430) . Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430) .
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52) , Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (12) and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16) .
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul.
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Exeter Conspiracy

On 27 May 1541 , after some two and a half years of imprisonment, Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (67) was executed at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

On 13 Feb 1542 Catherine Howard (19) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (37) were beheaded at Tower Green . Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended. They were both buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

On 12 Feb 1554 Lady Jane Grey (18) was beheaded at Tower Green by order of Queen Elizabeth I (20) .She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
Guildford Dudley (19) was beheaded at Tower Hill .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Essex Rebellion

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Essex Rebellion .