History of Westminster Abbey Area

Canon Row

On 19 Mar 1553 Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (58) died at Canon Row. He was buried at St Margaret's Church. Monument to Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (58) and his wife Jane Heckington in St Martin's Church, Stamford. Kneeling figures under an elaborate cornice. Attributed to Cornelius Cure Sculptor -1607.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

In 1572 Thomas Wharton 2nd Baron Wharton 1520-1572 (52) died at Canon Row. His son Philip Wharton 3rd Baron Wharton 1555-1625 (17) succeeded 3rd Baron Wharton. Frances Clifford Baroness Wharton -1592 by marriage Baroness Wharton.

Gatehouse Prison, Westminster Abbey

After 15 Feb 1627 John Wray 2nd Baronet Glentworth 1586-1655 was imprisoned for declining to act under the commission, to contribute to the loan, or to give security for his appearance before the council at Gatehouse Prison, Westminster Abbey.

Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey

Welles' Rebellion & Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

In Feb 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470 attacked Gainsborough Old Hall home of Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (39), a senior Yorkist, Edward IV's (27) Master of the Horse. It isn't known whether this attack was a consequence of local or national issues. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) summoned Robert's father Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (42) and uncle-in-law Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 (42) (married to Margaret Welles sister of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470) to London. Both initially went into Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey but were pardoned on 03 Mar 1470.

Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey. His father was abroad in Flanders. His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494. .

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey with Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (9) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28). Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36) was with her. .

Richard of Shrewsbury Removed from Sanctuary

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) Removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (9) from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present. .

Richard III Secures Elizabeth Woodville's Daughters

In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (47) to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

The History of King Richard the Third. But as soon as the tidings of this matter came hastily to the Queen, a little before the midnight following, and that in the sorest way, that the King her son was taken; her brother, her son, and her other friends arrested, and sent to no man knew where, to be done with God knows what. With such tidings, the Queen, in great fright and heaviness, bewailing her child’s ruin, her friends’ mischance, and her own misfortune, damning the time that ever she spoke in opposition to the gathering of power about the King, got herself in all haste possible, with her younger son and her daughters, out of the Palace of Westminster in which she then lay, and into the Sanctuary, lodging herself and her company there in the Abbot’s place.

St Margaret's Church

After 22 May 1455 William Cotton 1410-1455 was buried at St Margaret's Church.

After 28 Nov 1489 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 was baptised at St Margaret's Church.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

On 31 Oct 1494 Thomas Hungerford 1444-1494 (50) died at St Margaret's Church.

After 14 Mar 1500 Mary Folville 1423-1500 was buried at St Margaret's Church.

In 1522 Anne Percy 1444-1522 (78) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church.

On 19 Mar 1553 Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (58) died at Canon Row. He was buried at St Margaret's Church. Monument to Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (58) and his wife Jane Heckington in St Martin's Church, Stamford. Kneeling figures under an elaborate cornice. Attributed to Cornelius Cure Sculptor -1607.

Before 03 Jul 1560 George Tuchet 9th Baron Audley Heighley -1560 died. He was buried on 03 Jul 1560 in St Margaret's Church. His son Henry Tuchet 10th Baron Audley Heighley, 7th Baron Tuchet -1563 succeeded 10th Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire, 7th Baron Tuchet. Elizabeth Sneyd Baroness Audley Heighley by marriage Baroness Audley Heighley in Staffordshire.

On 12 Jul 1586 Edward Dudley 4th Baron Dudley 1525-1586 (61) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church. His son Edward Dudley 5th Baron Dudley 1567-1643 (18) succeeded 5th Baron Dudley. Theodosia Harrington Baroness Dudley by marriage Baroness Dudley.

On 10 Nov 1599 Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond. She had never recovered from the news of her twin brother Alexander's death earlier in the year. Margaret was buried in St Margaret's Church with all the ceremonies of a great lady's obsequies. Elizabeth I (66) ordered the Court into mourning. A magnificent. Monument was erected over her grave at the Queen's expense, and Ben Jonson wrote the inscription for it:
Marble weep, for thou dost cover
A dead beauty underneath thee,
Rich as nature could bequeath thee:
Grant, then, no rude hand remove her.
All the gazers on the skies
Read not in fair heaven's story
Expresser truth or truer glory,
Than they might in her bright eyes.

Rare as wonder was her wit;
And like nectar ever flowing:
Till time, strong by her bestowing,
Conquered have both life and it.
Life whose grief was out of fashion
In these times. Few have so rued
Fate in a brother. To conclude,
For wit, feature, and true passion
Earth, thou hast not such another.
The. Monument is no longer extant.

On 08 Aug 1600 Thomas Seymour 1562-1600 (38) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church.

On 05 Feb 1605 Edward Stafford 1552-1605 (53) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church.

On 29 Oct 1618 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (64) was beheaded at Old Palace Yard. He was buried in St Margaret's Church.

On 19 May 1639 Charles Weston 3rd Earl of Portland 1639-1665 was christened at St Margaret's Church.

On 27 Nov 1640 Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 was born to William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (26) and Mary Bayning Countess Anglesey at St Margaret's Church.

On 01 Dec 1655 Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (22) and Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (15) were married at St Margaret's Church by Richard Sherwyn, Esq, a Westminster Justice of the Peace, an arrangement for civil marriages put in place by Cromwell’s government.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 January. 15th January, 1662. There was a general fast through the whole nation, and now celebrated in London, to avert God's heavy judgments on this land. Great rain had fallen without any frost, or seasonable cold, not only in England, but in Sweden, and the most northern parts, being here near as warm as at midsummer in some years.
This solemn fast was held for the House of Commons at St. Margaret's. Dr. Reeves, Dean of Windsor, preached on Joshua vii. 12, showing how the neglect of exacting justice on offenders (by which he insinuated such of the old King's murderers as were yet reprieved and in the Tower) was a main cause of God's punishing a land. He brought in that of the Gibeonites, as well as Achan and others, concluding with an eulogy of the Parliament for their loyalty in restoring the Bishops and Clergy, and vindicating the Church from sacrilege.

John Evelyn's Diary 1663 May. 29th May, 1663. Dr. Creighton (24) preached his extravagant sermon at St. Margaret's, before the House of Commons.

In 1666 Carew Raleigh 1605-1666 (61) died at his home in St. Martin's Lane. He was buried in St Margaret's Church.

On 15 Nov 1666 John Glynne Judge 1602-1666 (64) died. He was buried in his own vault under the alter at St Margaret's Church.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Sunday 09 May 1669. Lord’s day. Up and, after dressing in my best suit with gold trimming, I to the Office, and there with Gibson and Tom finishing against to-morrow my notes upon Commanders’ Instructions; and, when church-time, to church with my wife (28), leaving them at work. Dr. Mills preached a dull sermon, and so we home to dinner; and thence by coach to St. Andrew’s, Holborne, thinking to have heard Dr. Stillingfleete (34) preach, but we could not get a place, and so to St. Margaret’s, and there heard a sermon, and did get a place, the first we have heard there these many years, and here at a distance I saw Betty Michell, but she is become much a plainer woman than she was a girl. Thence towards the Park, but too soon to go in, so went on to Knightsbridge, and there eat and drank at "The World’s End," where we had good things, and then back to the Park, and there till night, being fine weather, and much company, and so home, and after supper to bed. This day I first left off both my waistcoats by day, and my waistcoat by night, it being very hot weather, so hot as to make me break out, here and there, in my hands, which vexes me to see, but is good for me.

Gunpowder Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1678 November. 5th November, 1678. Dr. Tillotson (48) preached before the Commons at St. Margaret's. He said the Papists were now arrived at that impudence, as to deny that there ever was any such as the gunpowder-conspiracy; but he affirmed that he himself had several letters written by Sir Everard Digby (one of the traitors), in which he gloried that he was to suffer for it; and that it was so contrived, that of the Papists not above two or three should have been blown up, and they, such as were not worth saving..

In 1734 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764 (36). Titled "Edwards Hamilton family on a Terrace" the subjects are Anne Hamilton 1709-1748 (24) and Mary Edwards 1704-1743 (30) and their child Gerard Edwardes of Welham Grove 1734-1773. In her left hand she holds Addison’s Spectator No.580 that describes the need to fill the mind with an awareness of the Divine Being. The books on the table beside her include poetry or sermons of Edward Young, the works of Swift, Pope’s translation of the Iliad, and the devotional writings of Damuel Bowens and Archbishop Tillotson.

In 1679 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (44) was appointed Lecturer at St Margaret's Church.

John Evelyn's Diary 1679 November. 23d November, 1679. Dr. Allestree (57) preached before the household on St. Luke xi. 2; Dr. Lloyd (42) on Matt. xxiii. 20, before the King (49), showing with how little reason the Papists applied those words of our blessed Savior to maintain the pretended infallibility they boast of. I never heard a more Christian and excellent discourse; yet were some offended that he seemed to say the Church of Rome was a true church; but it was a captious mistake; for he never affirmed anything that could be more to their reproach, and that such was the present Church of Rome, showing how much it had erred. There was not in this sermon so much as a shadow for censure, no person of all the clergy having testified greater zeal against the errors of the Papists than this pious and most learned person. I dined at the Bishop of Rochester's (54), and then went to St. Paul's to hear that great wit, Dr. Sprat (44), now newly succeeding Dr. Outram, in the cure of St. Margaret's. His talent was a great memory, never making use of notes, a readiness of expression in a most pure and plain style of words, full of matter, easily delivered.

On 20 Jan 1695 Francis Scott 2nd Duke Buccleuch 1695-1751 was baptised at St Margaret's Church.

On 17 Oct 1706 Charles Rich 3rd Baronet Rich 1680-1706 (26) died. He was buried in St Margaret's Church. His brother Robert Rich 4th Baronet Rich 1685-1768 (21) succeeded 4th Baronet Rich of London.

Before 28 Dec 1708 Thomas Culpepper 1637-1708 died at Tothill Street. On 28 Dec 1708 Thomas Culpepper 1637-1708 was buried at St Margaret's Church.

On 26 May 1723 John West 6th Baron De La Warr 1663-1723 (60) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church. His son John West 1st Earl De La Warr 1693-1766 (30) succeeded 7th Baron De La Warr (2C 1570). Charlotte Maccarthy Baroness De La Warr by marriage Baroness De La Warr (2C 1570).

On 14 Jul 1727 George Neville 1st Earl Abergavenny 1727-1785 was christened at St Margaret's Church.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

On 29 Jun 1770 Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool 1770-1828 was baptised at St Margaret's Church.

On 30 Nov 1777 John West 2nd Earl De La Warr 1729-1777 was buried at St Margaret's Church.

Times Newspaper Marriages. 01 Aug 1892. The marriage of Mr. Victor Cavendish (24), MP, eldest son of the late Lord Edward Cavendish, and nephew and heir presumptive of tho Duke of Devonshire (59), to Lady Evelyn Fitzmaurice (21), eldest daughter of the Marquis of Lansdowne (47), Viceroy of India, took place on Saturday afternoon in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster. The church was tastefully decorated with flowers. A large crowd assembled outside the church long before half-past 2, the hour fixed for the ceremony, but admittance could only be obtained by those favoured with invitations or tickets. Shortly before 2 o'clock, Mr. Victor Cavendish (24) entered by the east door, secompanied by his brother, Mr. Richard Cavendish (21), who dlscharged the duties of best man, and took up his position at the chancel steps. Meanwhile the bridesmaids, eight in number, assembled inside the entrance. They were Miss Blanche Egerton (21), eldest daughter of the Hon. Francis (67) and Lady Louisa Egerton (57), cousin of the bridegroom; Lady Francis Spencer Churchill (21) eldest daughter of the Marchioness of Blandford, Lady Maud Anson (23), daughter of the Earl of Lichfield, Lady Katherine Scott (17), daughter of the Duke of Buccleuch (60); Lady Gladys Hamilton (12), daughter of the Duke of Abercorn (53), Miss Muriel Herbert, second cousin of the bride; Lady Dorothy Osborne (3), daughter of the Marquis of Carmarthen (29); and Miss Margery Digby, daughter of Colonel and Lady Emily Digby, cousin of the bride.
They were attired alike in dresses of white satin veiled with lisse, the bodices being arranged with fichus having small frills at the edge, and tied in large bows in front, and wore Gainsborough hats trimmed with white feathers and pale pink roses. Each carried a shower bouquet of pink roses and wore a diamond snake brooch, the Cavendish crest, a present from the bridegroom. Master Harry Strettfeild, son of Colonel and Lady Florence Streatfeild (32), acted as psge, and wore a costume of white velvet, and a diamond scarf-pin, the bridegroom's gift.
The bride, who arrived punctually at half-past 2, was met at the entrance by the clergy and choir, and a procession being formed, advanced up the aisle, the choristers singing "The voice that breathed o'er Eden" to a setting by Barnby. The Bishop of London, uncle of the bride-groom, performed the nuptial rite, and was assisted in the service by the Rev. John Duncan, M.A., Vicar of CaIne, Wilts, and chaplain to the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Rev. C. Gore and the Rev. H. Rounsell. The music used throughout the service was by Barnby, and included " Jlesn, lover of my soul," from the Hymnary, and " For all the Saints who from their labours rest." The bride, who, in the absence of the Viceroy, was given away by her brother, the Earl of Kerry (47), wore a dress of rich white satin duchesse trimmed with beautiful Brussels point lace; the skirt being plainly made, and having a very narrow trimming round the hem. Her tulle veil fell from a wreath of orange flowers and her ornaments included a diamond necklace and a pearl necklace, the gift of her father, thee diamond stars, given by Lady Edward Cavendish, and a fine diamond bracelet, presented to her by the Viceregal Staff in India. At the conclusion of the ceremony the bridal party proceeded to the vestry and signed the registers, the attestors being the Marchioness of Lansdowne (42), the Duke of Devonshire (59), the Duke of Abercorn (53), Lady Edward Cavendish, and the Dowager Maarchioness of Lansdowne, during which the organist plaved the March from St. Polycarp.
As the bride, and bridegroom left the church Mendelssohn's Wedding March was played, acd the hells of St. Margaret's rang out a merry peal. The reception was held at ffampden-houlse, lent for the occasion by the Duke and Duchess of Abercorn. In the Lawrence Room was stationed Herr Wurms's White Vienna Band, and refreshments were served in the dining room, the long buffet being profusely decorated with choice white flowers admirably arranged in a number of large silver bowls. Among the company present were the Duke of Devonshire (59), the Duke (60) and Duchess (56) of Bucceuch, the Duke and Duchess of Abercorn, the Duchess Dowager of Abercorn, the Duchess of Leeds and the Ladies Godolphin Osborne, the Dowager Maarchioness of Lansdowne, Lady Edward Cavendish, Lady Frederick Cavendish, the Countess of Kerry, Lord Charles Fitzmaurice, Lord and Lady Edmond Fitzmaurice, the Marchioness of Salisbury and Lady Gwrendolen Cecil, the Marchioness of Blandford and the Ladies Spencer Churchill, the Marquis of Headtort, the Dowager Marchioness of Waterford, the Marchioness of Waterford, the Countess of Normanton and Lady Mary Agar, the Countess of Mayo and Lady Florence Bourke, the Earlof Ava. theEarl and Countess of Morley, and Lady Katherine Parker the Earl and Countess of Minto and the Ladies Elliot Countess Percy and the Ladies Percy, Earl Winterton Countess Spencer, the Earl and Countess of St Germans and Mliss Lascelles, the Earl of Camperdown, Viscount Cross, Viscountess Galway, Viscountess Hampden and the Hon. Miss Brand, Lord Robert Cecil, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Lady Gladys Hamilton, Lord John Hamnilton, Lord Henry Fitzgerald, LadyHelen Feruson,Lady Li ian Yorkeand Miss Pelly, Lady Rovelstokc and the HIon. M£i5S Baring, Lady George Hamlton, Lady lantage, Lord Frederick Hamilton, the Ladies Egerton, Lord and Lady Alexander Russcll, Lady Constance Scott, Lady Harris, Lady Louisa Blagelis, Lady Beatrix Herbert and Miss Uuriel Herbert, Lady Mauriel Boyle, Lady Lyttelton, Lady Fanny Marjoribanks, Lady Olliffe and Mlliss Olliffe, Lady Abercromby, Lady Claud Hamilton, Lady William Osborne Elphinstone, the Hon. Lady Yoley, the Hon. Charles Gore, Mr. and Mrs. Childers, 1r. Chaplin, the Hon. bliss Roberts and Miss Pryde, Hon. Percy Wyndham and Miss Pamela KWyndham and the .on. MIary lVyndham, the Hon. Thomas Egerton, thec Hon. C. Anson, the Hon. Mrs. Assheton 6?urzon, the Hon. Lionel Holland, the Hon. Alexander Hood, Mlajor the Hon Montagu and M1rs. COrzon, the Hon. Mrs. Agar Ellis, Mr. and Lady Louise Loder, Lady Sybil Beauclerk, Sir James Ramsden, Sir George Baden-Powell Sir Thomas and Lady Brooks, Sir Andrew Scobie, Sir. Henry and Miss James, General Sir Hugh and Lady Gough, Sir Donald Wallace, Colonel and Lady Emily Digby, MIr. and Lady Helena Heneasge, Sir George and Lady Young, General Arthur Ellis, Ilrs. Grenfell, BMrs. Temple, Mr. Hercert, MIrs. Reginald Brett, Miss Chandos Pole, Mr. IV. H. Grenfell, Mrs. Arthur Barclay, Admiral and Mrs. F. Robinson, Mr. Leveson-Gower, Mr. G. Leveson-Gower, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Grey, Mr. Reginald Loder, Mr. Leeson, Colonel Ian and MN rs. Haamilton, Mr. James Cavendish, Mr. and Mrs. Baillie Hamilton, Mr. and Mirs. P. Ponsonby, Mrs. Francis Gore, and many others. Later in the afternoon Mr. and Lady Evelyn Cavendish left for Bowood-park, Lord Lansdowne's seat in Wiltshire, for the honeymoon. Lady Evelyn Cavendish travelled in a dress of ptle blue radzimir, trimmed with white embroidered lisse, with lar-e revers of white moire antique, and wore a large black hat.
The Queen (73) presented the bride with an Indian shawl, and the bridegroom with a bronze statuette of herself, with the inscription, "Presented to Victor Cavendish by Victoria, R.I., 1892." The Empress Eugenie gave the bride a ruby and diamond watch bracelet, and Princess Christian presented the bridegroom with 12 volumes of Tennyson's poems, bound in white calf. The other presents to the bride included, from the bridegroom, a superb diamond tiara, an antique chatelaine watch set in diamonds, and a sapphire and diamond bracelet; from the Marchioness of Lansdowne, a diamond necklace and a pearl necklace; the Duke and Duchess of Buecleuch, a diamond and pearl necklace; the Duke of Devonshire, a three-stringed pearl necklace the Ducchess of 'Abercorm, pair of gold links with tucquoise in centre; the Duke of Abercorn, silver and tortoiseshell box; the Dowager Duchess of Abercorn, gold and enamel filagree tulip watch, gold bracelet with motto, and four silver-gilt shell dishes; the Duke of Westminster, a necklace of brilliantts, pink topazes, beryls, and white enamel olira leaves; the MIa-quis of Lansdowne's staff diamond heart bracelet; the Duke and Duchess of St. Albans, pair of amber heart-shaped links with diamond centres; the Duke and Duchess of Bedford, diamond and carbuncle horseshoe brooch: the Dowager M1archioness of Lansdowne, diamond and sapphire thistle brooch the Earl of Mlount Edgeumbe, diamond and sapphire bangle; the Earl of Durham, diamond and sapphire brooch, the Marquis de Lavalette, ring with large pearl in centre and iamonds; La Marquise de Lavalette, diamond flowver brooch; the Earl and Countess of Powis, silver ink-stand and candlesticks; the Earl of Kerry and Lord Charles Fitzmaurice, silver tea service in case; Earl and Countess Winterton, fluted silver bowl; Countess Russell, silver fan-shaped box; the Earl of Rosebery 2 pair of silver candlesticks; the MIarquis of Tullibardine, pair of tortoiseshell and silver opera-glasses the Countess of Lichfield, pair of carved rosewood book shelves; the Countess of Kerry, pair of silver candlesticks; the Marquis of Hamilton, two silver pepper-boxes in case; the Duke of Athole, silver and tortoiseshell inkstand and tray with letter clip; Countess Granville, fitted luncheon basket;fhe MIarquis of Bath, tortoiseshell and silver photo frame Earl and Countess Fitzwilliam, silver-gilt box; the Dowager Marchioness of Waterford, leather dressing-case with silver-gilt fittings; the Earl and Countess of Ilchester, painted lace fan; the Earl of Dalkeith. lace fanD; tnc Eiarl of Northbrook, act of enamelled trays; the Marchioness of Headfort, six fruit knives with malachite handles; the Earl of Ava, crystal seal with diamond-beaded snake entwined; Countess Spencer, pair of large Mintonvases; the MIarchioness ot Blandfora, a framed engraving; Louise, Duchess of Manchester, carriage-basket with clock, &c. the Countess of Minto, Louis XVI. clock; Earl and Coun tess of Wharneliffe, large copper jardiniere on iron stand; Earl and Countess Cowrper, Louis XV clock,; Lord Wolverton silver and copper card-case and memo-book; Lord and Lady Strathrnore. heart-shaped mirror in silver frame; Lord aBnd Lady P.oay, silver trinket tray on stand; Viscount Turnour, silver shell tray; Lady Claud AnSOn, silver tray; Lord and Lady Edmunud Fitzmaurice, pearl and diamond brooch; Viscountess Cranborne ann Lady Esther Gore, gold curb bracelet with crimson enamel heart; Lord and Lady Mount Stephen,. a Sable travelling rug; Lady Edward S*vs;di'eA4d tars viacoant Valetort, diamond bracelet: l; dy Robert Cecil and Lady Anne Lambton, pair of gold and malachite links; the Ladies Churchill, silver-mounted heart-shaped tortoise-shell tray; Lady Suffolk, diamond and pearl brooch; Lord Frederick Hamilton, enamel miniature locket set with pearls; Lord Henry Scott, silver tea-caddy the Earl of Caraperdown, silver box; Lord Alington, three-fold screen; Dowager Lady Ashburton and Mliss Digby, screen; Lord and Lady Roberts, Indian silver bowl; Lady Amnpthill, :gilt carriage clock; Lady Leconfield, rosewood specimen table; Lord and Lady Willoughby de Eresby, tortoiseshell and silver tea-caddy; Viscount and Viscountess Cross, hammered silver tray; Lady Abercromby, gold box with enamelled cross and pearl in centre; Lord Revelstoke Savres chin-: vase; Lady Revelstoke, gold-mounted torto.iseshell paper knife; Lord Rowton, silver-gilt vase; Lady Wantage, Louis XV. clock; Viscount and Viscountess Newport, pair of agate trays; Lord and Lady Ernest Hamilton,two Crorwn Derby ink-pots and tua7; Earl and Countes5 oEf Morley, pair of silver-gilt mounted claret jugs; Lady Beatrice Fitzmaurice, chased silver teapot; Lady Carrington, silver hot-milk jug-; archioness of Carmarthen, ostrich feather fan; Mrs. 3ontefiore, inlaid cabinet table vith marble top; Hon C Lambton, small silver dish; Mrs. Temple, sil-er bell; Mr Thomas Baring, gold necklace with onys Dendant set. in diamonds; 3r. John Baring, gold curb bracelet with moonstone heart surmonnted with rubies and diamonds; Hon. Miss Baring, diamond and enamel heart brooch; Mrs. Sackville West, gold ball hatpin set with diamonds . Mrs. Grace, silver inkstand and tray; Sir Tatton and Lady Sykes,massive silver-framed:mirror.; Sir Alerander Iackenzie, gold safety-pin brooch set with pearls and diamonds; Captain and Mrs. Cecil Cavendish, silver-mounted pin-cushion; Hon. Mrs Wyndharn, silver buckle Mrr and Lady Fanny hlarioribanks, piece of Indian plate; Mr. and hMrs. W. Grenfell, copper and brass standard lamp; General Brackenbury, large silver-mounted:scent bottle, Mr. and Lady Louise Loder, silver inkstand and tray; MIr. Cyril Flower, large Venetian glass bowl hlr. and Irs. Childers, Dresden china tdte-&-tetc tea service Lord Lansdowne's WViltshire tenants, diamond bracelet. The bridegroom's presents included --From the Duchess of Westminster, tortoiseshell blotting case inlaid with gold; the Marquis and Marchioness of Lansdowne, sl1ver salver; the Marquis of Blandford, silver-gilt card case; the Earl of Chesterfield, silver flask; Mr. R. Cavendish, Eervice of plate in walnut case; the Dowager Marchioness of Lansdowne, large diamond scarf-pin; the Dowrager Duchess of Abercorn, silver cofee pot; the Duke and Duchess of Leeds, gold and bloodstone seal,; the Marquis and Marchioness of Stafford, tortoiseshell and silver calendar frame Lady Frederick Cavendish, 24 volumes of George Eliot's works; the Countess of Bectivo, crystal and gold bos; the Marchioness of Salisbury, pair of tall silver salt cellars and spoons in case; Louise, Duchess of Manchester, silver milk jug; the Marquis of Granby, silver-mounted walking stick; Viscount 'Wolmer, silver-mounted hunting crop; Viscount and Viscountes6 Portman, half-a-dozen silver-gilt dessert spoons in a case; Earl of Arran, gold and nearl Albert chain; Lord and Lady Burton and Hon. ellie Bass, antique silver box; Lady Taunton, pair of silver candlesticks; Lord Ampthill, massive silver-mounted inkstand; Lord and Lady Henry Bentinek, silver hot milk jug; Sir Thomas asd Lady Brooke, pair of antique b-rass ornaments; Lord and Lady Herschell, silver-mounted blotter; Hon. W. and Mrs. Cavendish, silver-mounted hock jug; Sir H. and Lady Mleysey Thompson, silver-gilt match box and tray; Hon. A. Lyttelton, silver-mounted riding whip; Hon E. Cavendish, silver grenade cigar lighter; Lord Vernon, silver.tobacco box; Lord and Lady Chesham, gold and enamel pencil-case Lord and Lady Penrhyn, four silver salt cellars and spoons; Viscount and Viscountess Hampden, silver coffee-pot; the Earl and Countess of St. toermans, pair of vases; the Countess of Leicester, silver and tortoiseshell scimitar paper cutter; Sir George Baden Powell, silver-mounted ebony stick; Sir Henry James, set of pearl studs; Colonel J. C. Cavendish, silver inkstand; Viscount St. Cyres, silver-mounted walking-stick; Lord and Lady Belper, silver inkstand; Ron. J. Mansfield, silver match-box; Hon. F. Leveson-Gower, two engravings; Earl Spencer, silver sandwich box and flask in casel; Mr and Lady Harriet Cavendish, a silver-mounted driving whip.

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter Painting 1792-1871 (47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith Painter 1819-1909 (44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (9) and Prince Arthur (12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

In 01 Feb 1911 Hugo Francis Charteris 1884-1916 (27) and Violet Catherine Manners 1888-1971 (23) were married at St Margaret's Church. The reception at 16 Arlington Street, Arlington Street.

Times Newspaper Marriages. 02 Feb 1911. The Hon. Hugo Charteris, eldest son of Lord (53) and Lady Elcho (48) and grandson of the Earl of Wenyss (92), was married yesterday at St. Margaret's, Westmister, to Lady Violet Manners (23), second daughter of the Duke (58) and Duchess of Rutland (54). The wedding excited much interest, and by the time the bride arrived at the church there was a crowd which extended halfway across Parliament-square. The service was held at 2.15, and by 2 o'clock there was not a vacant seat in the church. The choir stalls and the chancel entrance wetre decorated with flowers, mainly arum lilies. While the guests were assembling the " March " from Trmihauser was played and a guard of honour, supplied by O 'quadron 'of the Gloucestershire Yeomanry, in which the bridegroom holds a commission, lined the. asle.
The bridesmaids, the Ladies Marjorie (27) and Diana (19),Manners (the bride's sisters), the Hon. Mary (16) and the Hon. Irene (9) Charteris (sisters of the bridegrom), the Hon. Irene Lawley, Miss Nancy, Lindsay, Miss Elizabeth Manners, and M1iss Felicity Tree awaited the bride by the west door. They were wearing frocks designed from a picture by Botticelli. The gowns of the elder bridesmaids were of champagne; coloured crepe-de-chine with a pink foundation. An embroidery of green leaves showed at the neok and waist. Small roses and daisies were embroidered over the whole frock, and touches ot red velvet appeared beneath the hem and at the elbow. They wore net caps trimmed with red rosebuds. The two younger bridesmaids, who walked immediately behind the bride, wore frocks of pink chiffon, and wreaths of red roses in their hair. The Duke of Rutland (58) accompanied his daughter (23) to the church. The Hon. Guy Charteris (25) was best man.
The bride's dress was of white charmeuse with a tunic of old English lace, held in at the waist by a band of gold tissue. The train was of gold brocade mounted on white velvet, at the hem of which were worked in gold the heraldic designs of the Rutland and Wemyss families. The Bishop of Derby officiated, assisted by Canon McCormick and the Rev. F. W. Knox (private chaplain to the Duke of Rutland). A wedding march composed for the occasion by Mr. Raymond Roze was played as the bride and bride-groom left the chut&b.
THE GUESTS
The Duchess of Wellington (62), wearing a dress of old rose velvet with furs and a hat with rose-coloured plumes, brought her daughter, Lady Eileen Wellesley (23), who was dressed in sapphire blue velvet, The Duchess of Rutland (54) wore a tunic of grey moire velours over grey chiffon velvet, caught at the shoulders by diamond ornaments, with long tasselled ende falling, in front of the skirt. Her hat was trimmed with flamingo plumes wirith touches of eau-de-nil. The Marchioness of Anglesey wore black satin, witb a hat crowned with many small white plumes. Theh Mfarchioness of Tweeddale wvore a coat and skirt of black braided velvet and a large hat adorned with a royal blue feather. The Prime Minister was present vwith his sister-in-law, Mrs. Oraham Smith. who wore a long black brocaded wrap over a dress of dark material. The Hon. Alfred Lyttelton was accompanied by Mxl. Lyttelton, who was dressed in black satin with touches of bright blue. The French, Germian, and Spanish Ambassadors were also present. Lady Tree wore a dress of Ermine fur, with a hat of green felt trimmed with everlasting flowers; and Lady Lytton wore an embroidered cloak over a dress of grey material, and a small toque with green feathers. Lady Beatrico Rawson, who was wearing pale mauve, brought her daughter, Miss Violet Rawson, who was dressed in navy blue. The Earl and Countess of Wemyss arrived a few minutes before the bride, the latter dressed in soft grey ehil!on voile with marten furs, and wearing a toque trimmed with smalU grey feathers, Lady Beat-rice Hlerbert, who cameo with Viscountess Ingestre, was dressed in black velvet, with a crimson cloak and a collar of old point lace.

On 26 Apr 1911 Algernon Strutt 3rd Baron Belper 1883-1956 (27) and Eva Isabel Countess Rosebery 1892-1987 (18) were married at St Margaret's Church.

Times Newspaper Marriages. 27 Jan 1916. MARRIAGE OF LORD GRANBY
The marriage of the Marquess of Granby (29), only son of the Duke (63) and Duchess of Rutland (59), to Miss Kathleen Tennant (21), youngest daughter of Mr. (55) and Mrs. (52) Frank Tennant, of Innes House, took place yesterday at St. Margaret's. There was a very large attendance, and a number of those present brought young children vith them.
The bride (21), who was given away by her father (55), wore a Venetian gown of white satin with a gold, brocade train four yards long and a short mantlet of old Venetian family lace; the sleeves were long and close-fitting, and she had a long white net veil with a wreath of orange blossoms. She carried a copy of the marriage service embroidered in seed pearl and coloured silks, worked by her mother after an old design in the British Museum.
Lady Diane Manners (24), who was one of the bridesmaids, designed the bridesmaids' gowns in the medieval manner; they were of white chiffon belted in silver worn with flowing veils of blue tulle held bv silver bands. Each of the bridesmaids carried a tail branch of almond blossom; the others were Miss Elizabeth Asquith, Miss Mary Lyttelton, and Miss Violet Warrenrder. The Hon. Stephen Tennant (9), wlho wore a Romeo suit with a jewelleed belt, was the page. Captain Charles-Lindsay, Grenadier Guards, was best man. Canon Sheppard (35), Sub-Dean of the Chapels Royal, and the Rev. F. W. Knox, the Duke of Rutland's (63) chaplain, performed the ceremony.
SOME OF THE GOWNS. The Duke of Rutland (63) was among the first to come to the church, and most of the guests were there early. Thre Prime Minister arrived with Mr. and Mrs. Bonhlam-Carter, anld Mr. Balfour with a party which included Mr. and Mrs. William Balfour. The Duchess on Rutland (59) wore gold charmeuse with gold tissue in her hat and a rose pink velvet cloak bordered with fur. The Marchioness of Anglesey (32), in white box-cloth, brought her little daughter, Lady Carolinie Paget (2), in a little Ermine coat and hat. Mrs. Asquith, who was with Mrs. Graham Smith, wore a black charmeuse gown made with a ruched cape and trimmed with chinchilla; her hat was black with emerald feathers.
Mrs. Tennant (52) wore black and white embroidered taffetas; Lady Robert Manners had a long muauve coat trimmed with skunk; and the Countess of Wemyss (53) was in black and white. Lady Tree had a pervenche panne long coat made tight-fitting and a plain black sailor hat. The Countess of Droghleda wore black and gold, Lady D'Abernon grey chinchilla furs with a black coat and skirt, and Lady Arthur Paget a musquash coat bordered with skunk. Mrs. Guy Charteris brought her baby, and the Hon. Mrs. George Keppel (45), in black and white, was accomapanied by her two daughters, and Mrs. McKenna by her two sons. Mrs. Hwfa Williams and Lady Randolph Churchill (who was with Mrs. Churchill) both were black velvet.
The Guests. Among those present were:
The Italian Ambassador, the Spanish Ambassador, the Duchess of Buccleuch (44), and Lady Margaret Scott, etc
A small reception was held after the ceremony at Lord and Lady Glenconner's house in Queen Anne's gate, and the bride (59) and bridegroom (29) subsequently left for Belvoir Castle, where the honeymoon vill be spent.

On 14 Nov 1933 Walter Francis David Long 1911- and Frances Laura Charteris Duchess Marlborough 1915-1990 (18) were married at St Margaret's Church.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 October. 24 Oct 1686. Dr. Warren preached before the Princess [NOTE. Not clear which Princess this is]; possibly at Whitehall, on 5th Matthew, of the blessedness of the pure in heart, most elegantly describing the bliss of the beatifical vision. In the afternoon, Sir George Wheeler, knight and baronet, preached on the 4th Matt. upon the necessity of repentance, at St. Margaret's, an honest and devout discourse, and pretty tolerably performed. This gentleman coming from his travels out of Greece, fell in love with the daughter of Sir Thomas Higgins, his Majesty's resident at Venice, niece to the Earl of Bath, and married her. When they returned into England, being honored with knighthood, he would needs turn preacher, and took orders. He published a learned and ingenious book of his travels, and is a very worthy person, a little formal and particular, but exceedingly devout.

Tothill Street

Before 28 Dec 1708 Thomas Culpepper 1637-1708 died at Tothill Street. On 28 Dec 1708 Thomas Culpepper 1637-1708 was buried at St Margaret's Church.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Westminster Abbey

Consecration of Westminster Abbey

On 28 Dec 1065 the Westminster Abbey that preceded the current building, known as St Peter's Abbey, was consecrated. Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (62) was too ill to attend (he died eight days later).

Death of Edward the Confessor

On 05 Jan 1066 Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (63) died. He was buried the same day at Westminster Abbey.

Harold Crowned King

On 06 Jan 1066 Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) was crowned II King England Wessex probably Westminster Abbey. Harold quick to be crowned the day after the death and burial of Edward the Confessor. He had chosen himself.

Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

On 25 Dec 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) was crowned I King England: Norman at Westminster Abbey by Ealdred Archbishop of York -1069.

Coronation of Queen Matilda

On 11 May 1068 Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (37) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Henry I

Around 25 Jul 1101 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (33) was crowned I King England: Norman by Maurice Unknown Bishop of London -1107 at Westminster Abbey. .

On 01 May 1118 Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (38) died at Westminster Palace. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of King Stephen

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41) was crowned I King England: Blois at Westminster Abbey by William de Corbeil Archbishop of Canterbury.

Coronation of Richard I

On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop of Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

Coronation of King John

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Oct 1200 Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury 1150-1228 (70) presided.

On 14 Oct 1222 Richard of Barking -1246 was elected Abbot Westminster.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Christening of Edward I

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey. Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066.

On 23 Nov 1243 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (34) and Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany 1228-1261 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany 1228-1261 (15) by marriage Countess Cornwall (4C 1225).

On 13 Oct 1272 Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (22) was knighted by King Henry III of England at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. .

On 19 Aug 1284 Alfonso Plantagenet 1273-1284 (10) died at Windsor. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Eleanor Crosses

After 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile's body was taken from Harby to Westminster Abbey. At each of the locations at which her body rested overnight Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 commissioned the building of an Eleanor Cross. Three remain. The best example being at Geddington.

On 05 Jun 1296 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (51) died at Bayonne. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl of Leicester (2C 1265), 2nd Earl Lancaster. Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (14) by marriage Countess of Leicester (2C 1265), Earl Lancaster.

On 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (26) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (20) were married (he was her third-cousin). Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (20) by marriage Countess Essex (3C 1239), Earl Hereford (6C 1199). Westminster Abbey.

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.

On 23 Jun 1324 Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III England (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop of Canterbury. .

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XIV - The coronation of king Edward the third. 01 Feb 1327. AFTER that the most part of the company of Hainault were departed and sir John Hainault (39) lord of Beaumont tarried, the queen (32) gave leave to her people to depart, saving a certain noble knights, the which she kept still about her and her son to counsel them, and commanded all then that departed to be at London the next Christmas, for as then she was determined to keep open court, and all they promised her so to do. And when Christmas was come, she held a great court. And thither came dukes,' earls, barons, knights, and all the nobles of the realm, with prelates and burgesses of good towns; and at this assembly it was advised that the realm could not long endure without a head and a chief lord. Then they put in writing all the deeds of the king (42) who was in prison, and all that he had done by evil counsel, and all his usages and evil behavings, and how evil he had governed his realm, the which was read openly in plain audience, to the intent that the noble sages of the realm might take thereof good advice, and to fall at accord how the realm should be governed from thenceforth. And when all the cases and deeds that the king had done and consented to, and all his behaving and usages were read and well understanded, the barons and knights and all the counsels of the realm drew them apart to counsel ; and the most part of them accorded, and namely the great lords and nobles with the burgesses of the good towns, according as they had heard say and knew themselves the most part of his deeds. Wherefore they concluded that such a man (42) was not worthy to be a king, nor to bear a crown royal, nor to have the name of a king. But they all accorded that Edward (14) his eldest son, who was there present and was rightful heir, should be crowned king instead of his father, so that he would take good counsel, sage and true, about him, so than it was before, and that the old king his father (42) should be well and honestly kept as long as he lived, according to his estate. And thus as it was agreed by all the nobles, so it was accomplished ; and then was crowned with a crown royal at the palace of Westminster beside London the young king Edward the third (14), who in his, days after was right fortunate and happy in arms. This coronation was in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Christmasday [Note. Other sources day 01 Feb 1327], and as then the young king was about the age of sixteen ; and they held the feast till the Conversion of Saint Paul following, and in the meantime greatly was feasted sir John of Hainault (39) and all the princes and nobles of his country, and was given to him and to his company many rich jewels. And so he and his company in great feast and solace both with lords and ladies tarried till the Twelfth day. And then sir John of Hainault (39) heard tidings how that the king of Bohemia (30) and the earl of Hainault (41) his brother and other great plenty of lords of France had ordained to be at Conde at a great feast and tourney that was there cried. Then would sir John of Hainault no longer abide for no prayer, so great desire he had to be at the said tourney, and to see the earl his brother and other lords of his country, and specially the right noble king in largess the gentle Charles king of Bohemia. When the young king Edward (14) and the queen (32) his mother and the barons saw that he would no longer tarry, and that their request could not avail, they gave him leave sore against their wills, and the king (14) by the counsel of the queen (32) his mother did give him four hundred marks sterlings of rent heritable to hold of him in fee, to be paid every year in the town of Bruges, and also did give to Philip of Chateaux, his chief esquire and his sovereign counsellor, a hundred mark of rent yearly, to be paid at the said place, and also delivered him much money to pay therewith the costs of him and of his company, till he come into his own country, and caused him to be conducted with many noble knights to Dover, and there delivered hint all his passage free. And to the ladies that were come into England with the queen (32), and namely to the countess of Garennes, who was sister to the earl of Bar, and to divers other ladies and damosels, there were given many fair and rich jewels at their departing. And when sir John of Hainault was departed from the young king Edward, and all his company, and were come to Dover, they entered incontinent into their ships to pass the sea, to the intent to come betimes to the said tourney; and there went with him fifteen young lusty knights of England, to go to this tourney with him and to acquaint them with the strange lords and knights that should be there, and they had great honour of all the company that tourneyed at that time at Conde.

After 19 Mar 1330 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 30 Sep 1336 John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (20) died at Perth. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

On 03 Oct 1399 Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (33) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop of York, Archbishop of Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop of York, Archbishop of Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable. .
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414). .

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.

Funeral of Henry V

On 07 Nov 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was buried at Westminster Abbey. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) attended as Chief Mourner and Standard Bearer .

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (36), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop of York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

On 11 Dec 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21), John Savage 1444-1492, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50), Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38), probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41), Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18), Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50), John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35), Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30), John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15), John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr KG 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494 (33)
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40)
James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43)
George Browne 1440-1483 (43)
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop of London 1390-1489 (93)
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63)
Edward Story Bishop of Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop of Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop of Durham 1425-1483 (58)
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop of Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop of Ely)
Edmund Tuchet Bishop Rochester, Bishop of Hereford, Bishop Salisbury 1443-1524 (40) (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop of Exeter, Bishop of Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36)
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65), then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52)
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28)
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48)
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68)
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82)
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43)
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57)
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51)
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (7)
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30)
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35)
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50)
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45)
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 29 Nov 1483 William Dudley Bishop of Durham 1425-1483 (58) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

On 18 Jan 1486 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19) was appointed Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey during the Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth Plantagenet 1516-1558.

Coronation of Elizabeth of York

On 25 Nov 1487 Elizabeth of York (21) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (17), Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (34), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (34), William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (36) and Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (37), who carried the Rod and Dove, attended as did Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (18).

On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) andn Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset (3C 1499) on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1509. The coronation of Kinge Henrie the Eight (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509. See Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on Newe Yeares daye, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Death of Prince Henry

On 22 Feb 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Wolsey receives his Cardinal's Hat

In 1515 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 (41) received his Cardinal's hat at a ceremony attended by Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (47) and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (32) at Westminster Abbey. .

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Artist. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) at Westminster Abbey. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) was appointed Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker 1513-1552 (19) and William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 (28) and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (26) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (44) attended.
Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (55) refused to attend. Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

Coronation Edward VI

On 20 Feb 1547 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) was crowned VI King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey.
John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (62) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (34) was appointed Lord High Constable.
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (18) and William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) were created Knight of the Bath.
Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1561 (33), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, William Sharington 1495-1553 (52),John Shelton 1503-1558 (44) and Walter Buckler -1556 were knighted.
Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (39) attended as the King's Champion.

Coronation of Mary I

On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) was crowned I Queen of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) carried the Sword of State.
John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582 (20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal, 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 (20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings 1515- and John Leigh 1502-1564 (51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (28) attended.

On 16 Jul 1557 Anne of Cleves (41) died at Chelsea Manor. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (23).

After 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 15 Jan 1559 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (25) was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor by Owen Oglethorpe Bishop Carlisle 1507-1559 (52) at Westminster Abbey.
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Nicholas Heath Archbishop of York 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (51) attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.

On 20 Apr 1578 Mary Grey 1545-1578 (33) died. Her funeral was held at Westminster Abbey.

On 01 Sep 1582 Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Ormonde, Countess Ossory 1534-1582 (47) died. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 11 Apr 1587 Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor 1530-1587 (57) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 12 Aug 1596 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).
George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.
Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.
William Segar Painter 1554-1663 carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.

Around 1615 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

James 1st Crowned

On 25 Jul 1603 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed Lord High Steward.
Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (23) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631 (29), Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15), Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

On 19 Apr 1608 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (72) died suddenly at the council table, having apparently suffered a stroke. His funeral was held at Westminster Abbey. He was buried in the Sackville Chapel, St Michael's Church, Withyham, East Sussex. His son Robert Sackville 2nd Earl Dorset 1561-1609 (47) succeeded 2nd Earl Dorset (4C 1604). Anne Spencer Countess Dorset -1618 by marriage Countess Dorset (4C 1604).

Between 1557 and 1587. Unknown Artist. The Almain Armourers' Album. Armour of Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (21).

On 28 Aug 1609 Francis Vere 1561-1609 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1612 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 was reburied at Westminster Abbey.

Funeral of Prince Frederick

On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.
Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) carried the shield.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

On 29 Sep 1615 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Feb 1617 Edward Talbot 8th Earl Shrewsbury, 8th Earl Waterford 1561-1617 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His fourth-cousin George Talbot 9th Earl Shrewsbury, 9th Earl Waterford 1566-1630 (50) succeeded 9th Earl Shrewsbury (2C 1442), 9th Earl Waterford.

On 02 Mar 1618 Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Hunsdon, Baroness Eure 1552-1618 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Sep 1619 Christopher Hatton 1581-1619 (38) died intestate. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 16 Feb 1624 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His brother Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox 1579-1624 (45) succeeded 3rd Duke Lennox. Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox 1592-1637 (32) by marriage Duchess Lennox.

On or before 11 Mar 1624 Katherine Packer of Shelingford Baronetess Gell 1624-1671 was born to John Packer Clerk to the Privy Seal 1572-1649 (51) in Groombridge. She was baptised on 11 Mar 1624 in Westminster Abbey.

Death of James I

On 07 May 1625 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey. His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service. She watched Charles at a discreet distance.
Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 (52) carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (3) bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.
William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (8),James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (19), Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666 (24), John Maynard 1592-1658 (34) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Around 1580 based on a work of 1565.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 (6) wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (28). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (29) although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (35). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (27) and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby 1599-1664 (35) and their daughter.

On 10 Mar 1627 Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (51) died at Richmond. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Aug 1628 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (35) was murdered at Greyhound Pub, Portsmouth by a disgruntled soldier John Felton. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham (2C 1623), 2nd Earl Buckingham (5C 1617), 19th Baron Ros Helmsley.

Around Jan 1631 Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 (66) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 19 Apr 1632 Mary Beaumont 1st Countess Buckingham 1570-1632 (62) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 09 Apr 1634 Thomas Carey 1616-1634 (18) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 May 1635 Horace Vere 1st Baron Vere Tilbury 1565-1635 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Oct 1639 Frances Howard Duchess Lennox, Duchess Richmond 1578-1639 (61) died at Exeter House. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1641 April. On the 27 Apr 1641, came over out of Holland the young Prince of Orange (14), with a splendid equipage, to make love to his Majesty's (10) eldest daughter, the now Princess Royal.
That evening, was celebrated the pompous funeral of the Duke of Richmond, who was carried in effigy, with all the ensigns of that illustrious family, in an open chariot, in great solemnity, through London to Westminster Abbey.

On 14 Sep 1646 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. The Earldom Earl Essex (8C 1572) extinct. His half first-cousin twice-removed Walter Devereux 5th Viscount Hereford 1575-1656 (71) succeeded 5th Viscount Hereford.

John Evelyn's Diary 1652 March. 06 Mar 1652. Saw the magnificent funeral of that arch-rebel, Ireton, carried in pomp from Somerset House to Westminster, accompanied with divers regiments of soldiers, horse and foot; then marched the mourners, General Cromwell (52) (his father-in-law), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and forty poor men in gowns, three led horses in housings of black cloth, two led in black velvet, and his charging horse, all covered over with embroidery and gold, on crimson velvet; then the guidons, ensigns, four heralds, carrying the arms of the State (as they called it), namely, the red cross and Ireland, with the casque, wreath, sword, spurs, etc.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet, and six horses, in which was the corpse; the pall held up by the mourners on foot; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of the plague), carried before in black scarfs. Thus, in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, soldiers reversing their arms, they proceeded through the streets in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebel, and had been very bloody to the King (21)'s party, witness his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle. My cousin, R. Fanshawe (43), came to visit me, and informed me of many considerable affairs. Sir Henry Herbert (57) presented me with his brother, my Lord Cherbury's book, "De Veritate.".

On 19 Jun 1652 Francis Cottington 1st Baron Cottington 1579-1652 (73) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 14 Nov 1660 Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (47) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 December. 25th December, 1660. Preached at the Abbey, Dr. Earle (59), Clerk of his Majesty's Closet, and my dear friend, now Dean of Westminster, on Luke ii. 13, 14, condoling the breach made in the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess.

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 January. 6th January, 1661. Dr. Allestree (39) preached at the Abbey, after which four Bishops were consecrated, Hereford (51), Norwich (61), ...
This night was suppressed a bloody insurrection of some Fifth-Monarchy enthusiasts. Some of them were examined at the Council the next day; but could say nothing to extenuate their madness and unwarrantable zeal.
I was now chosen (and nominated by his Majesty (30) for one of the Council), by suffrage of the rest of the members, a Fellow of the Philosophic Society now meeting at Gresham College, where was an assembly of divers learned gentlemen. This being the first meeting since the King (30)'s return; but it had been begun some years before at Oxford, and was continued with interruption here in London during the Rebellion.
There was another rising of the fanatics, in which some were slain.

Execution of Deceased Regicides

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 January. 30th January, 1661. Was the first solemn fast and day of humiliation to deplore the sins which had so long provoked God against this afflicted church and people, ordered by Parliament to be annually celebrated to expiate the guilt of the execrable murder of the late King.
This day (Oh, the stupendous and inscrutable judgments of God!) were the carcasses of those arch-rebels, Cromwell, Bradshawe (the judge who condemned his Majesty (30)), and Ireton (son-in-law to the Usurper), dragged out of their superb tombs in Westminster among the King (30)s, to Tyburn, and hanged on the gallows there from nine in the morning till six at night, and then buried under that fatal and ignominious. Monument in a deep pit; thousands of people who had seen them in all their pride being spectators. Look back at October 22, 1658, and be astonished! and fear God and honor the King (30); but meddle not with them who are given to change!.

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 March. 29th March, 1661. Dr. Heylin (author of the "Geography") preached at the Abbey, on Cant. v. 25, concerning friendship and charity; he was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some years.

Coronation of Charles II

On 20 Apr 1661 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (52) was created 1st Earl Clarendon (1C 1661) at Westminster Abbey on the occasion of the Coronation Charles II. Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (43) by marriage Countess Clarendon (1C 1661).

On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44),Francis Fane -1691 and Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) were appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 (55) was knighted.
Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670 (16) attended.

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 April. 23d April, 1661. Was the coronation of his Majesty (30) Charles II in the Abbey-Church of Westminster; at all which ceremony I was present. the King (30) and his Nobility went to the Tower, I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt (34) part of the way; this was on Sunday, the 22d; but indeed his Majesty (30) went not till early this morning, and proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order:
First went the Duke of York's Horse Guards. Messengers of the Chamber. 136 Esquires to the Knights of the Bath, each of whom had two, most richly habited. The Knight Harbinger. Sergeant Porter. Sewers of the Chamber. Quarter Waiters. Six Clerks of Chancery. Clerk of the Signet. Clerk of the Privy Seal. Clerks of the Council, of the Parliament, and of the Crown. Chaplains in ordinary having dignities, 10. King's Advocates and Remembrancer. Council at Law. Masters of the Chancery. Puisne Sergeants. King's Attorney and Solicitor. King's eldest Sergeant. Secretaries of the French and Latin tongue. Gentlemen Ushers. Daily Waiters, Sewers, Carvers, and Cupbearers in ordinary. Esquires of the body, 4. Masters of standing offices, being no Counsellors, viz, of the Tents, Revels, Ceremonies, Armory, Wardrobe, Ordnance, Requests. Chamberlain of the Exchequer. Barons of the Exchequer. Judges. Lord Chief-Baron. Lord Chief-Justice of the Common Pleas. Master of the Rolls. Lord Chief-Justice of England. Trumpets. Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Knights of the Bath, 68, in crimson robes, exceeding rich, and the noblest show of the whole cavalcade, his Majesty (30) excepted. Knight Marshal. Treasurer of the Chamber. Master of the Jewels. Lords of the Privy Council. Comptroller of the Household. Treasurer of the Household. Trumpets. Sergeant Trumpet. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Barons. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Viscounts. Two Heralds. Earls. Lord Chamberlain of the Household (59). Two Heralds. Marquises. Dukes. Heralds Clarencieux and Norroy. Lord Chancellor (52). Lord High Steward of England. Two persons representing the Dukes of Normandy and Acquitaine, viz, Sir Richard Fanshawe and Sir Herbert Price, in fantastic habits of the time. Gentlemen Ushers. Garter. Lord Mayor of London. The Duke of York alone (the rest by twos). Lord High Constable of England. Lord Great Chamberlain of England. The sword borne by the Earl Marshal of England. the King (30), in royal robes and equipage. Afterward, followed equerries, footmen, gentlemen pensioners. Master of the Horse, leading a horse richly caparisoned. Vice-Chamberlain. Captain of the Pensioners. Captain of the Guard. The Guard. The Horse Guard. The troop of Volunteers, with many other officers and gentlemen.
This magnificent train on horseback, as rich as embroidery, velvet, cloth of gold and silver, and jewels, could make them and their prancing horses, proceeded through the streets strewed with flowers, houses hung with rich tapestry, windows and balconies full of ladies; the London militia lining the ways, and the several companies, with their banners and loud music, ranked in their orders; the fountains running wine, bells ringing, with speeches made at the several triumphal arches; at that of the Temple Bar (near which I stood) the Lord Mayor was received by the Bailiff of Westminster, who, in a scarlet robe, made a speech. Thence, with joyful acclamations, his Majesty (30) passed to Whitehall. Bonfires at night.
The next day, being St. George's, he went by water to Westminster Abbey. When his Majesty (30) was entered, the Dean and Prebendaries brought all the regalia, and delivered them to several noblemen to bear before the King (30), who met them at the west door of the church, singing an anthem, to the choir. Then, came the Peers, in their robes, and coronets in their hands, till his Majesty (30) was placed on a throne elevated before the altar. Afterward, the Bishop of London (the Archbishop of Canterbury (79) being sick) went to every side of the throne to present the King (30) to the people, asking if they would have him for their King, and do him homage; at this, they shouted four times "God save King Charles II!" Then, an anthem was sung. His Majesty (30), attended by three Bishops, went up to the altar, and he offered a pall and a pound of gold. Afterward, he sat down in another chair during the sermon, which was preached by Dr. Morley (63), Bishop of Worcester.
After sermon, the King (30) took his oath before the altar to maintain the religion, Magna Charta, and laws of the land. The hymn Véni S. Sp. followed, and then the Litany by two Bishops. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury (79), present, but much indisposed and weak, said "Lift up your hearts"; at which, the King (30) rose up, and put off his robes and upper garments, and was in a waistcoat so opened in divers places, that the Archbishop (79) might commodiously anoint him, first in the palms of his hands, when an anthem was sung, and a prayer read; then, his breast and between the shoulders, bending of both arms; and, lastly, on the crown of the head, with apposite hymns and prayers at each anointing; this done, the Dean closed and buttoned up the waistcoat. After which, was a coif put on, and the cobbium, sindon or dalmatic, and over this a super-tunic of cloth of gold, with buskins and sandals of the same, spurs, and the sword; a prayer being first said over it by the Archbishop (79) on the altar, before it was girt on by the Lord Chamberlain (59). Then, the armill, mantle, etc. Then, the Archbishop placed the crown imperial on the altar, prayed over it, and set it on his Majesty's (30) head, at which all the Peers put on their coronets. Anthems, and rare music, with lutes, viols, trumpets, organs, and voices, were then heard, and the Archbishop put a ring on his Majesty's (30) finger. the King (30) next offered his sword on the altar, which being redeemed, was drawn, and borne before him. Then, the Archbishop delivered him the sceptre, with the dove in one hand, and, in the other, the sceptre with the globe. the King (30) kneeling, the Archbishop (79) pronounced the blessing. His Majesty (30) then ascending again his royal throne, while Te Deum was singing, all the Peers did their homage, by every one touching his crown. The Archbishop (79), and the rest of the Bishops, first kissing the King (30); who received the Holy Sacrament, and so disrobed, yet with the crown imperial on his head, and accompanied with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foot upon blue cloth, which was spread and reached from the west door of the Abbey to Westminster stairs, when he took water in a triumphal barge to Whitehall where was extraordinary feasting.

On 06 May 1661 Charles Stewart 1660-1661 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 November. 10th November, 1661. In the afternoon, preached at the Abbey Dr. Basire, that great traveler, or rather French Apostle, who had been planting the Church of England in divers parts of the Levant and Asia. He showed that the Church of England was, for purity of doctrine, substance, decency, and beauty, the most perfect under Heaven; that England was the very land of Goshen.

On 20 Dec 1661 Nicholas Monck Bishop of Hereford 1610-1661 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 December. 20th December, 1661. The Bishop of Gloucester (70) preached at the Abbey at the funeral of the Bishop of Hereford, brother to the Duke of Albemarle (53). It was a decent solemnity. There was a silver miter, with episcopal robes, borne by the herald before the hearse, which was followed by the Duke his brother (53), and all the bishops, with divers noblemen.

On 13 Feb 1662 Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (65) died of pneumonia shortly after midnight. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 February. 17th February, 1662. I went with my Lord of Bristol (49) to see his house at Wimbledon, newly bought of the Queen-Mother (52), to help contrive the garden after the modern. It is a delicious place for prospect and the thickets, but the soil cold and weeping clay. Returned that evening with Sir Henry Bennett (44).
This night was buried in Westminster Abbey the Queen of Bohemia, after all her sorrows and afflictions being come to die in the arms of her nephew, the King (31); also this night and the next day fell such a storm of hail, thunder, and lightning, as never was seen the like in any man's memory, especially the tempest of wind, being southwest, which subverted, besides huge trees, many houses, innumerable chimneys (among others that of my parlor at Sayes Court), and made such havoc at land and sea, that several perished on both. Divers lamentable fires were also kindled at this time; so exceedingly was God's hand against this ungrateful and vicious nation and Court.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 March. 24th March, 1662. I returned home with my whole family, which had been most part of the winter, since October, at London, in lodgings near the Abbey of Westminster.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 November. 30th November, 1662. St. Andrew's day. Invited by the Dean of Westminster (61) to his consecration dinner and ceremony, on his being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Bolton preached in the Abbey Church; then followed the consecration by the Bishops of London (64), Chichester (70), Winchester (64), Salisbury (70), etc. After this, was one of the most plentiful and magnificent dinners that in my life I ever saw; it cost near £600 as I was informed. Here were the judges, nobility, clergy, and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally beloved for his sweet and gentle disposition. He was author of those Characters which go under the name of Blount. He translated his late Majesty's (32) "Icon" into Latin, was Clerk of his Closet, Chaplain, Dean of Westminster (61), and yet a most humble, meek, and cheerful man, an excellent scholar, and rare preacher. I had the honor to be loved by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesty's (32) and the Church's exile. When I took leave of him, he brought me to the cloisters in his episcopal habit. I then went to prayers at Whitehall, where I passed that evening.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

On 30 Mar 1663 Robert South Churchman 1634-1716 (28) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1663 November. 5th November, 1663. Dr. South (29), my Lord Chancellor's (54) chaplain, preached at Westminster Abbey an excellent discourse concerning obedience to magistrates, against the pontificians and sectaries. I afterward dined at Sir Philip Warwick's (53), where was much company.

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 06 Jun 1666. Came Sir Daniel Harvey from the General and related the dreadful encounter, on which his Majesty (36) commanded me to dispatch an extraordinary physician and more chirurgeons. It was on the solemn Fast-day when the news came; his Majesty (36) being in the chapel made a sudden stop to hear the relation, which being with much advantage on our side, his Majesty (36) commanded that public thanks should immediately be given as for a victory. The Dean of the chapel going down to give notice of it to the other Dean officiating; and notice was likewise sent to St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey. But this was no sooner over, than news came that our loss was very great both in ships and men; that the Prince frigate was burnt, and as noble a vessel of ninety brass guns lost; and the taking of Sir George Ayscue (50), and exceeding shattering of both fleets; so as both being obstinate, both parted rather for want of ammunition and tackle than courage; our General retreating like a lion; which exceedingly abated of our former joy. There were, however, orders given for bonfires and bells; but, God knows, it was rather a deliverance than a triumph. So much it pleased God to humble our late overconfidence that nothing could withstand the Duke of Albemarle (57), who, in good truth, made too forward a reckoning of his success now, because he had once beaten the Dutch in another quarrel; and being ambitious to outdo the Earl of Sandwich (40), whom he had prejudicated as deficient in courage.

On 20 Jun 1667 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Jul 1667 Abraham Cowley Poet 1618-1667 (49) died in Porch House. He was buried in Westminster Abbey where John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721 (19) subsequently commissioned a. Monument.

John Evelyn's Diary 1667 August. 03 Aug 1667. Went to Mr. Cowley's funeral, whose corpse lay at Wallingford House, and was thence conveyed to Westminster Abbey in a hearse with six horses and all funeral decency, near a hundred coaches of noblemen and persons of quality following; among these, all the wits of the town, divers bishops and clergymen. He was interred next Geoffry Chaucer, and near Spenser. A goodly. Monument is since erected to his memory.
Now did his Majesty (37) again dine in the presence, in ancient state, with music and all the court ceremonies, which had been interrupted since the late war.

In 1669 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (34) was appointed Canon Westminster Abbey.

On 15 Jul 1669 Robert Staypylton -1669 was buried near the vestry door in Westminster Abbey.

On 01 Apr 1671 Mary Gardiner -1671 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Nov 1671 Henry de Vic 1599-1671 (72) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1672 February. 11 Feb 1672. In the afternoon, that famous proselyte, Monsieur Brevall, preached at the Abbey, in English, extremely well and with much eloquence. He had been a Capuchin, but much better learned than most of that order.

1672 Battle of Solebay

On 28 May 1672 Philip Carteret 1628-1672 (44) and Winston Churchill -1672 were killed at Solebay, Southwold.
Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (46) was killed. His son Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich 1648-1688 (24) succeeded 2nd Earl Sandwich. Mary Anne Boyle Countess Sandwich -1671 by marriage Countess Sandwich.
George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (25) fought.
Charles Harbord 1640-1672 (32) died. The inscription on his. Monument in Westminster Abbey reads ... Sr. Charles Harbord Knt. his Majesties Surveyor General, and First Lieutenant of the Royall James, under the most noble and illustrious captain Edward, Earle of Sandwich (46), Vice Admirall of England, which after a terrible fight maintained to admiration against a squadron of the Holland fleet for above six houres, neere the Suffolk coast, having put off two fireships, at last being utterly disSabled and few of her men remaining unhurt, was by a third unfortunately set on fire: but he (though he swam well) neglected to save himselfe as some did, and out of the perfect love to that worthy lord (whom for many yeares he had constantly accompanyed in all his honourable imployments, and in all the engagements of the former warr) dyed with him at the age of XXXIII, much bewailed of his father whom he never offended, and much beloved of all for his knowne piety, vertue, loyalty, fortitude and fidelity.
Captain John Cox -1672 was killed in action.
Admiral John Holmes 1640-1683 (32) fought as commander of HMS Rupert.

John Evelyn's Diary 1673 July. 06 Jul 1673. This evening I went to the funeral of my dear and excellent friend, that good man and accomplished gentleman, Sir Robert Murray, Secretary of Scotland. He was buried by order of his Majesty (43) in Westminster Abbey.

On 04 Jan 1675 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1675 August. 09 Aug 1675. Dr. Sprat (40), prebend of Westminster, and Chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham (47), preached on the 3d Epistle of Jude, showing what the primitive faith was, how near it and how excellent that of the Church of England, also the danger of departing from it.

On 27 Mar 1676 John Brownlow 3rd Baronet Brownlow 1659-1697 (16) and Alice Sherard Baronetess Brownlow 1659-1721 (17) were married at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1676 July. 19 Jul 1676. Went to the funeral of Sir William Sanderson, husband to the Mother of the Maids (72), and author of two large but mean histories of King James and King Charles I. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 25 Dec 1676 William Cavendish 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1592-1676 (84) died at Welbeck Abbey. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (46) succeeded 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne (1C 1665). Frances Pierrepoint Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1695 (46) by marriage Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne (1C 1665).

In 1677 John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (20) and Bridget Vaughan Baroness Ashburnham were married at Westminster Abbey.

In 1679 Richard Annesley 3rd Baron Altham 1655-1701 (24) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

On 21 Feb 1680 Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles 1599-1680 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On Jan 1681 Frances Seymour Countess Southampton 1618-1681 (63) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 18 Jan 1681 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682 (34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall, by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On Feb 1685 Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (64) and Martha Love were married at Westminster Abbey.

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 14 Feb 1685 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was buried without any manner of pomp at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation James II and Mary

On 23 Apr 1685 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart by William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) crowned Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) preached the sermon.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey.
Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (21) was appointed Lord High Constable.

Before 30 Mar 1686 John Strode 1627-1686 died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey on 30 Mar 1686.

In 1688 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (53) read the Declaration of Indulgence to empty benches in Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 May. 20 May 1688. I went to Whitehall Chapel, where, after the morning lessons, the Declaration was read by one of the choir who used to read the chapters. I hear it was in the Abbey Church, Westminster, but almost universally forborne throughout all London: the consequences of which a little time will show.

Coronation William III and Mary II

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 April. 11 Apr 1689. I saw the procession to and from the Abbey Church of Westminster, with the great feast in Westminster Hall, at the coronation of King William and Queen Mary. What was different from former coronations, was some alteration in the coronation oath. Dr. Burnet (45), now made Bishop of Sarum, preached with great applause. The Parliament men had scaffolds and places which took up the one whole side of the Hall. When the King (38) and Queen (26) had dined, the ceremony of the Champion, and other services by tenure were performed. The Parliament men were feasted in the Exchequer chamber, and had each of them a gold medal given them, worth five-and-forty shillings. On the one side were the effigies of the King and Queen inclining one to the other; on the reverse was Jupiter throwing a bolt at Phäeton the words, "Ne totus absumatur": which was but dull, seeing they might have had out of the poet something as apposite. The sculpture was very mean.
Much of the splendor of the proceeding was abated by the absence of divers who should have contributed to it, there being but five Bishops, four Judges (no more being yet sworn), and several noblemen and great ladies wanting; the feast, however, was magnificent. The next day the House of Commons went and kissed their new Majesties' hands in the Banqueting House.

On 11 Apr 1689 William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) and Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) were crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary at Westminster Abbey.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (33) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports.
George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton 1664-1727 (24) bore the King's sceptre and cross at Westminster Abbey. .

On 02 Jul 1689 Edward Villiers 1620-1689 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 04 Jul 1689 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle 1653-1688 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 24 May 1694 Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland 1656-1694 (38) died of smallpox. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His second-cousin Lucius Carey 6th Viscount Falkland 1687-1730 (6) succeeded 6th Viscount Falkland.

Death of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House.
On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey. Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) preached the sermon.
She had reigned for five years. Her husband William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (44) continued to reign for a further eight years.

On 03 Sep 1698 Robert Howard Playwright Politician 1626-1698 (72) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 03 Oct 1701 Joseph Williamson Secretary of State 1633-1701 (68) died in Cobham. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. He left £6,000 and his library to Queen's College, Oxford.

Queen Anne Accession

On 23 Apr 1702 Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (65).

On 11 Feb 1704 Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby -1704 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1708 Elizabeth Savile Countess Chesterfield 1677-1708 (31) died. She was buried with her parentrrs in Westminster Abbey.

On 13 Nov 1708 Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 09 Mar 1709 Ralph Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1638-1709 (70) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Montagu (1C 1705), 4th Baron Montagu of Boughton in Northamptonshire (1C 1621). Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751 (19) by marriage 2nd Duchess Montagu (1C 1705).

On 19 Dec 1712 John Berkeley 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge 1650-1712 (62) died at Windsor. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Coronation George I

On 20 Oct 1714 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) was crowned I King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (78).
Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (30) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 10 May 1726 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (56) died at Bath. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (30) succeeded 2nd Duke St Albans (1C 1684), 2nd Earl Burford, 2nd Baron Heddington. Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans 1699-1752 (27) by marriage Duchess St Albans (1C 1684).

Funeral of Isaac Newton

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by Samuel Bradford Bishop Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731[Bishop Rochester].
Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.
The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke, 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).
The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.
Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects."
.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734.

Coronation of George II

On 11 Oct 1727 John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire 1693-1756 (34) was created 1st Baron Hobart at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of George II. Judith Britiffe Countess Buckinghamshire by marriage Baroness Hobart.

On 22 Oct 1727 George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) was crowned II King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.

In 1724 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739 (49). Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (40).

Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

Before 1744 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

Before 25 Oct 1760 George Knapton Painter 1698-1778. Portrait.of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 wearing his Garter Robes.

Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

In 1744 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (43). Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (60).

On 09 Sep 1729 John Finch 6th Earl Winchilsea 1683-1729 (46) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His second-cousin Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham, 7th Earl Winchilsea 1647-1730 (82) succeeded 7th Earl Winchilsea. Anne Hatton 2nd Countess Nottingham, 7th Countess Winchelsea -1743 by marriage 7th Countess Winchilsea.

On 17 May 1731 Samuel Bradford Bishop Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731 (78) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Aug 1731 Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery 1674-1731 (57) died at Westminster. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son John Boyle 5th Earl Cork 1707-1762 (24) succeeded 5th Earl Cork. Henrietta Hamilton Countess Cork by marriage Countess Cork.

On 07 Sep 1731 Daniel Pulteney 1684-1731 (47) died in Harefield. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Jan 1734 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (51) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Before 11 Sep 1734 Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle, Duchess Montagu 1654-1734 died. On 11 Sep 1734 she was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1739 Charlotte Rowe 1716-1739 (23) was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

On 13 Apr 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (49). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (42).

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

On 27 Jul 1751 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son George Beauclerk 3rd Duke St Albans 1730-1786 (21) succeeded 3rd Duke St Albans (1C 1684), 3rd Earl Burford, 3rd Baron Heddington.

Coronation of George III

On 22 Sep 1761 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton 1737-1763 (24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.
William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot 1710-1782 (51) was appointed Lord High Steward.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

In Mar 1763 William Pulteney 1731-1763 was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

On 04 Oct 1806 Joseph Allen Bishop 1770-1845 (36) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

On 21 Jun 1814 Gilbert Elliot 1st Earl Minto 1751-1814 (63) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of George IV

On 19 Jul 1821 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (58) was crowned IV King United Kingdom: Hanover.
William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858 (31) carried the Orb at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshall as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 (54).
Edward Boscawen 1st Earl Falmouth 1787-1841 (34) was created 1st Earl Falmouth (2C 1821).

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

Around 19 Jul 1821 James Wandesford Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde 1777-1838 (44) was created 1st Baron Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of George IV. Grace Louisa Staples Marchioness Ormonde -1860 by marriage Baroness Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire.

Coronation of William IV

On 19 Jul 1821 Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshall as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 (54) being ill at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of William IV.

On 12 Feb 1824 Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Coronation of William IV

On 08 Sep 1831 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (66) was crowned IV King United Kingdom: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshall as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 being ill.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (76). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (52). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

In 1861 Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert 4th Earl Carnarvon 1831-1890 (29) and Evelyn Stanhope Countess Carnarvon 1834-1875 (26) were married at Westminster Abbey. Evelyn Stanhope Countess Carnarvon 1834-1875 (26) by marriage Countess Carnarvon (3C 1793).

On 27 Jul 1866 Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland 1787-1866 (78) died at Twickenham, Richmond. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 05 Nov 1874 Richard Grosvenor 1st Baron Stalbridge 1837-1912 (37) and Beatrice Charlotte Elizabeth Vesey Baroness Stalbridge -1876 were married at Westminster Abbey. Beatrice Charlotte Elizabeth Vesey Baroness Stalbridge -1876 by marriage Baroness Stalbridge.

In 1894 Charles Gore Bishop 1853-1932 (40) was appointed Canon Westminster Abbey.

Times Newspaper Marriages. 21 Apr 1899. Marriage of Lord Crewe and Lady Peggy Primrose.
The marriage of Lady Margaret (Peggy) Primrose (18), younger daughter of the Earl of Rosebery (51), with the Earl of Crews (41), which took place at Westminster Abbey yesterday, was remarkable, not only as a brilliant spectacle, bat also on account of the extraordinary degree of public interest which the event evoked, and the testimony thus afforded to the popularity of the late Prime Minister. It was an ideal day for a wedding, the sun shining brilliantly. Parliament Square and the approaches to the Abbey early in the day presented a gay and animated spectacle. An hour or more before the time announced for the opening of the Abbey doors, and a couple of hours before the bridal party were expected, people began to collect in the Abbey precincts, and in a short time great crowds were stretching right away to the railings of the Houses of Parliament. As time wore on and the vast concourse grew into extraordinary dimensions the police on duty had the utmost difficulty in regulating the living mass. Taffic became congested, and the constables in some cases were swept off their feet by the surging and panting multitude, but everywhere the best of good humour seemed to prevail in the streets.
Meanwhile the interior of the Abbey was also the centre of much life and movement. The wedding was fixed for 1:30, aud the doors, at each of which a long queue of ticket-holders and others had long been patiently waiting, were opened three-quarters of an hour earlier. Immediately the throngs, in which the bright costumes of the ladies were conspicuous, wwept into the Abbey. None-ticket holders were admitted by the north door only. This entrance was literally besieged, and a quarter of an hour after it was opened it had to be closed, for in that brief space the northern transept-the porLion of the Abbey allotted to the general public-had become so densely packed that it would not hold another spectator. Those privileged visitors who held permits either for tue nave or the south transept seemed none the less eager to secure advantageous places, for every one came early. Many of the ladies stood upon the seats in their eagerness to obtain a good view. As the guests arrived Sir Frederick Bridge played an appropriate selection of music upon the grand organ.
The rare spectacle of floral decorations in the Abbey attracted general attention. At each end of the alter rails there was a towering palm with a collection of Lilium Harrisii and marguerites grouped at the base, while blooms of Liliam Harrisii also adorned the altar itself. Specimen palms with foliage and flowering plants were placed against the organ screen facing the western entrance, by which the bridal party were shortly to enter.
The arrival of the specially invited guests also proved a source of much interest. These privileged persons, numbering some 500 or 600, friends of the contracting parties and including men distinguished in politics, diplomacy, literature, and art, were escorted to seats in the choir and under the lantern. The Earl of Crewe (41), with his best man, the Earl of Chesterfield (45), arrived about ten minutes past 1. Each of them wore a marguerite in his buttonhole. They joined the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire under the lantern. The Prince of Wales (4) arrived about 25 minutes past 1. His Royal Highness, attended by the Hon. Seymour Fortescue (43), was received by Lord Rosebery's sons, Lord Dalmeny (17) and the Hon. Neil Primrose (16), by whom he was conducted to the Jerusalem Chamber. The Duke of Cambridge (80), who quickly followed, attended by Colonel FitzgGeorge, was met at the same door by the Hon. Neil Primrose, under whose escort he joined the Prince of Wales, after which their Royal Highnesses went to the choir and took the seats which had been specially reserved for then.
Among the others present were: The Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos, the Marquis and Marchioness of Breadalbane, the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. Mr. Balfour M.P., the Duke (52) and Duchess (46) of Somerset, the Marquis of Lansdowne (54), Mr. Asquith, M.P., and Mrs. Asquith, the Austrian Ambassador, the Earl and Countess of Harewood, the Duchess of Cleveland. the Earl of Kirnberley and Lady Constance Wodehouse, Lady Jeune and Miles Stanley, the Marquis of Dufferin, Sir R. Campbell-Bannerman, M.P., and Lady Campbell-Bauneiman, Mr. Bryce, M.P., and Mrs. Biyce, Mr. J. B Balfour, H.P., and Mrs. Balfour, Mir. H Gladstone, the Earl aud Countess of Corck, the Lord Chief Justice (Lord Russell of Killoren) and the Hon. Mliss Russell, Sir H. Fowler, f.P., and Lady Fowler, Earl and Courntess Dc Grey, Mr. Munro-Fergrsca, M.P., and Lady Helen Munro-Ferguison, Sir Henry Irving, ir. Morley, M.P., S,r John and lady Puleston, the Marquig and Marehioness of Ripon, Lord and Lady Recay, Lord and Lady Rothschild, and all the Londoa representatives of the Rothschild family, Sir Charles aild Lady Tennant, Lord Wandsworth. Lord and Lady Wenlock, Lord Leconfdeld, the Earl of Verulamn, Mr. aud Mrs. George Alexander idiss Mundella, Sir E. Sassoon, H.P., General and Mrs. Wauchope, Sir E. Lawson, Mr. Harmswortl, Sir Lewis Morris. Lord James of Hereford and Miss James the Hon. P. Stanhope, H.P., and Countess Tolstoy, the Earl and Countess of Aberdeen, Mr. Shaw Lefevre, Sir Charles Dalry,uiple MP. Mr. Sydney Buxton, M.P. ,hr. George Russell, Tr. G. E. Buckle, Georgina, Countess A! Dudley, Sir Humphrey and Lady De Trafford, Sir Edgar and Lady Helen Vincent, Sir John Lubbock, hLP., and Lady Lubbock, Lord Hamilton of Dalzell' Sir Henry Primrose, Lord and Lady St. Oswald, Eara and Countess Stanbope, Mr. Rochfort Maguire. M.P., and Mrs. Maguire, Lady Emily Peel, Loid E. Pitzmaurice. HI.P., Earl and Countess Carrington, Lord and Lady Bnrgheiere, Loud and Lady Battersea, Lord and Lady Henry Bentnek, Lord and Lady Poltimure, the Earl of Essex, and Viscount Curzon, .p., and Viscountess Ctu-zon.
By the time that the whole of the company bad assembled the transepts and choir were densely packed. The attendants had the greatest difficulty in keeping many of the spectators within the specified bounds, and owing to the crushing and crowding several ladies fainted. At half-past 1 Lord Rosebery arrived with the bride at the western entrance, having had a very heartv reception as they passed through the streets. This cordial greeting was repeated again and again as Lord wRosebery handed his daughter out of the carriage. She appeared relf-possessed and smiled upon those around her. Lady Peggy Primirose was attired in a dress of white satin of the new shape, with a very long train (not separate from the dress as in the old style). It was profusely embroidered with clusters of diamonds designed as primroses. The front of the skirt opened over a petticoat of exquisite point d'Alengon laco, which was formerly tn the possession of Marie Antoinette, and was a present from the bride's aunt, Miss Lucy Cohen. The bodice was embroidered and trimmed with similar lace aud its sleeves were of transparent mausselijt I soic. The veil was of tulle, and in nlace of the nsual coronet of orange blossom the bride wore a smart Louis XVI bow of real orange flowers. Jewelry was scarcely at all employed. Lady Peggy carried a magnificent bouquet composed mainly of orchids, white roses, lilies, and marguerites.
The bride (18) was received at the door of the Abbey by her ten bridesmaids. They were Lady Sybil Primrose (20), elder sister of the bride; the Ladies Annabel (18), Celia (15), and Cynthia (14) (Crewe-Milnes, daughters of the bridegroom; the Hon. Maud and the Hon. Margaret Wyndham, daughters of Lord Leaconfield; the Hon. Evelina Rothschild, daughter of Lord Rothschild; Miss Louise Wirsch; Lady Juliet Lowther (18), daughter of the late Earl of Lonsdale and Countess de Grey; and Miss Muriel White, daughter of Mr. Blenry White, of the United States Embassy. They were all dressed alike, in white embroidered moseline de rois over white silk. The skirts were made with shaped flounces with cream lace insertion, and upon the bodices were fichns edged with lace. The sashes were of primrose chiffon, and the hats of primrose tulle with white ostrich feathers, one side being turned up with Baroness de Rothschild roses. The bouquets were of the same roses, tied with long tLreamers of the primrose chiffon. Each of the bridesmaids wore a gold curb bracelet with the initials of the bride and bridegroom in enamel, the gifts of the bridegroom.
The formation of the bridal proession was a very picturesque feature of the ceremonial. Schubert's " Grand March " was played, and the ,vast congregation rose to their feet as the choir advanced, followed along the nave by the clergy, after whom caine the bride leaning upon the arm of her father, who wore a bunch of primroses in his coat, and attended by her bridesmaids. All eyes were naturally turned to the bride, but she did not lose her composare during the long and trying walk up the nave to the choir.
As the procession approached the choir, Lord Crewe who with his best man had been standing a few yards from the Prince of Wales advanced to meet the bride, and the party ha1ted at a point between the choir and the lantern, where the first part of the wedding service was taken, in full view of the choir stalls, where the principal guests were seated. The hymn " O perfect Love" having been sung, the marriage service began. The officiating clergy were the Rev. Dr. Butler (Master of Tririty), the Dean of Westminster, Canon Blackburne, vicar of Crewe-green, Crewe, Canon Armitage Robinson, and the Precentor of Westminster. Dr. Butler, who took the principal part of the service, read the words in a very impressive manner. The bride made the responses in a perfectly audible voice. Upon the conclusion of the first part of the ceremony the procession of the clergy and the bride and bridegroom, followed by the bridesmaids, moved towards the east. They passed, while the psalm was sung to a chant by Beethoven, through the sacrarrum to the altar, where the concluding portion of the service was said by the Dean and other clergy. Next came the hymn " Now thank we all otr God," after which the blessing was pronounced and the service was brought to a close, to the actompaniment of a merry peal from the bells of St. Margaret's Church. As the procession moved down the Abbey to the Jerusalem Chamber to sign the register Mendelssohn's " Wedding March " was played, and the great majority of the congreation prepared to take their departure. 'ihs Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge were among those who accompanied the bridal party and their relatives to the Jerusalem Chamber and appended their names to the register. Lord and Lady Crewe, with their friends, left the Abbey amid a renewal of those enthusiastic demonstrations which had marked Lady Peggy Primrose's arrival as a bride. A reception and luncheon was given at Lord Rosebery's town house attended by the Prince of Wales; the Duke of Cambridge, and about 600 other guests, most of whom had attended the ceremony in theAbbey. Later in the day the Earl and Countess of Crewe left town for Welbeek Abbey,'placed at their disposal by the Duke and Duchess of Portland for the early part of the honeymoon. The bride wore a travelling dress of green cloth, the skirt being stitched with gold, the bodice and sleeves being embroidered in natural colour silk and gold with primroses She vwore a large wzhite hat w,ith feathers to match. THE WEDDING PRES IU& After the departure of the bride and bride-groom the numerous wedding presents displayed at Lord Rosebery's house were inspected with much interest by those of the guests who had not previously seen them.
Soon after 7 o'clock last evening the train conveying Lord and Lady Crewe arrived at Worksop Station. The platform was thronged with people, who gave a most cordial, though quiet, reception to the newly-married pair. On their arrival at Welbeck Abbey the visitors were received with every honour, and a bouquet was presented to Lady Crewe. The employes on the estate of Dalmeny dined together last night in celebration of the marriage of Lady Peggy Primrose. Mr. Drysdale, the chamberlain, presided over a company of about 300. After dinner there was a dance, and a display of fireworks was given in the grounds. The burgh of Queensferry, which adjoins Lord Rosebery's Dalmeny estate, was decorated yesterday in honour of the wedding. A banquet was held in the council chambers, at which the health of the bride and bridegroom was honoured, and a congratulatory telegram forwarded to Lady Crewe.

Coronation of Edward VII

On 09 Aug 1902 Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (60) was crowned VII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (4).

10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith Painter 1819-1909 (44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (9) and Prince Arthur (12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

1901. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927 (57). Coronation Portrait of Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (59).

1911. Luke Fildes Painter 1843-1927 (67). Drawing of Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 on his deathbed.

On 27 Feb 1919 Alexander Ramsay 1881-1972 (37) and Victoria Patricia "Patsy" Windsor 1886-1974 (32) were married at Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Feb 1922 Henry Lascelles 6th Earl Harewood 1882-1947 (39) and Mary Windsor Countess Harewood 1897-1965 (24) were married at Westminster Abbey.

Wedding of George V and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

On 26 Apr 1923 Mary Elphinstone 1911-1980 (12) attended as a Bridesmaid at Westminster Abbey during the Wedding of George V and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.

On 26 Apr 1923 Cecilia Bowes-Lyon 1912-1947 (11) attended as a Bridesmaid at Westminster Abbey during the Wedding of George V and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.

On 26 Apr 1923 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (27) and Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon 1900-2002 (22) were married at Westminster Abbey.

On 12 Oct 1934 George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1897-1942 (37) and Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) were married (he was her second-cousin) at Westminster Abbey. Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) by marriage Duchess Kent (2C 1934).

On 12 May 1937 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (41) was crowned VI King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor at Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Nov 1947 Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh 1921-2021 (26) and Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926- were married (he was her third-cousin) at Westminster Abbey.

On 01 Jun 1954 John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer 1924-1992 (30) and Frances Ruth Roche Countess Spencer 1936-2004 (18) were married at Westminster Abbey.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. One of my friends has often said that to visit Deene is to step back into the past, for the place bears upon it no impression of modernity, and even the additions made to the house are thoroughly in character with the older parts.
Deene is first mentioned in the Domesday-Book, when the surveyors noted the wood of a mile long belonging to it which joined Rocking- ham Forest. It was the property of the Abbey of Westminster, and was used as a hunting-box by the Abbots. It was called the Grange, and "the monks' well" is still to be seen in the park. A most interesting feature of the house is the Great Hall, 50 feet long and 50 feet high, which is a duplicate in miniature of Westminster Hall, and the carved chestnut roof, the wood of which is impervious to the ravages of insects, has never had an accident since it was first erected in 1086.

Eleanor Plantagenet 1269- was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Gervaise Blois Abbot Westminster was appointed Abbot Westminster.

Chancel, Westminster Abbey

Ambulatory, Chancel, Westminster Abbey

On 03 May 1257 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 (3) died at Swallowfield. She buried in the Ambulatory, Chancel, Westminster Abbey.

Chapels, Westminster Abbey

Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1503. This yeare, in Februarie, died Queene Elizabeth (36) at the Towre of London, lyeinge in childebedd of a daughter named Katherine (the 8th day after her birth), and was buried at Westminster; and on Passion Sundaye a peace made betwene the Emperoure (43) and the Kinge (45) duringe their lyves, solemnized upon a great oathe at the highe aulter in Paules queere. See Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort.

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1503 Hugh Oldham Bishop of Exeter 1452-1519 (51) was present at the placing of the foundation stone of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

On 02 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (46) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) at the Tower of London.
On 10 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 died.
On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) died from childbirth. She was buried on 24 Feb 1503 in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

Funeral of Henry VII

On 11 May 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (58) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (21) attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:
Household of Mary Tudor:
Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (13)
Catherine York 1479-1527 (29)
Elizabeth Stafford Viscountess Fitzwalter 1479-1532 (30). Possibly Margaret Whetehill.
Anne Percy 1444-1522 (65) or Anne Percy Countess Arundel 1485-1552 (23)
Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent -1516
Eleanor Pole 1462-
Mary Brandon
Elizabeth Empson
Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (33)
Jane Popincourt -1516
Alice Vaux -1543
Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:
Catherine of Aragon (23)
Agnes or Inez Vanegas
Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby
Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:
Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (65)
Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" 1463-1538 (46)
Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1484-.

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale[Heraldic Badge], her heraldic badge, at her feet.

After 06 Jul 1553 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Sep 1607 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey opposite her sister Sophia's tomb in a private ceremony. Her effigy, created by Maximillian Colt Sculptor -1641, represented a young girl, clad in a mature dress, with the traditional ruff, carved in ivory.

Funeral of Anne of Denmark

On 13 May 1619 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.
Anne Carey 1592-1627 (27) and Mary Woodhouse -1756 walked in the procession.
As Keeper of the Wardrobe Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645 (44) supervised the spending of £20,000 on the funeral.

In 1628 Edward Boscawen 1628-1685 was born to Hugh Boscawen 1578-1641 (50) and Margaret Rolle 1600-1635 (28) in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Aug 1658 Elizabeth Cromwell 1629-1658 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

In 1658 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (40). Portrait of Elizabeth Cromwell 1629-1658 (28).

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 September. 4th September, 1660. I was invited to an ordination by the Bishop of Bangor (75), in Henry VII.'s chapel, Westminster, and afterward saw the audience of an Envoyée from the Duke of Anjou, sent to compliment his Majesty's (30) return.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 November. 11th November, 1677. I was all this week composing matters between old Mrs. Howard and Sir Gabriel Sylvius, upon his long and earnest addresses to Mrs. Anne (24), her second daughter, maid of honor to the Queen (38). My friend, Mrs. Godolphin (25) (who exceedingly loved the young lady) was most industrious in it, out of pity to the languishing knight; so as though there were great differences in their years, it was at last effected, and they were married the 13th, in Henry VII.'s Chapel, by the Bishop of Rochester (52), there being besides my wife (42) and Mrs. Graham (26), her sister, Mrs. Godolphin (25), and very few more. We dined at the old lady's, and supped at Mr. Graham's (28) at St. James's.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

In 1673. Unknown Artist, possibly Matthew Dixon. Portrait of Margaret Blagge Maid of Honour 1652-1678 (20).

Around 1822. George Perfect Harding Painter 1781-1853 (41). Portrait of John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686. Cleary not contemporary the source of the image unknown.

On 13 Nov 1677 Gabriel Sylvius and Ann Howard Maid of Honour 1653-1720 (24) were married in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1681 February. 10 Feb 1681. I was at the wedding of my nephew, John Evelyn of Wotton (28), married by the Bishop of Rochester (56) at Westminster, in Henry VII's chapel, to the daughter and heir of Mr. Eversfield, of Sussex, her portion £8,000. The solemnity was kept with a few friends only at Lady Beckford's, the lady's mother.

On 10 Feb 1681 John Evelyn of Wotton 1652-1691 (28) and Catherine Eversfield were married at Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey by the Bishop of Rochester John Dolben (56). She being the heir of her father bought £8000 to the marriage.

On 23 Nov 1684 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (67) died at his house in Roehampton. He was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey. His son William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (44) succeeded 4th Earl Devonshire. Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (38) by marriage Countess Devonshire.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 February. 14 Feb 1685. The King was this, night very obscurely buried in a vault under Hen. 7th's Chapell at Westminster, without any manner of pomp, and soone forgotten after all this vanity, and the face of the whole Court was exceedingly chang'd into a more solemn and moral behaviour; the new King (51) affecting neither prophanenesse nor buffoonery. All the greate Officers broke their staves over the grave, according to form..

On 16 Apr 1687 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (59) died. On 02 Jun 1687 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (59) was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 05 Apr 1695 George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax 1633-1695 (61) died apparently as a consequence of eating undercooked chicken. He was buried in the north aisle of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His son William Savile 2nd Marquess Halifax 1665-1700 (30) succeeded 2nd Marquess Halifax. Mary Finch Duchess Roxburghe 1677- by marriage Marchioness Halifax.

On 01 Oct 1727 Gertrude Pierrepoint Marchioness Halifax -1727 died. She was buried with her husband George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax 1633-1695 in the North Aisle of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Around 1735. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The Interior of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 31 Oct 1765 William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (44) died. He was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Around 1730 William Aikman 1682-1731 (47). Portrait of Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington 1699-1758 (31) and her son William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (8).

Around 1755 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764 (57). Portrait of William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (33).

Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey

On 30 Jul 1680 Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory 1634-1680 (46) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey the next day.

On 21 Jul 1684 Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde 1615-1684 (68) died. On 24 Jul 1684 she was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Before 12 Dec 1688 Emilia Nassau-Beverweert 1635-1688 died. She was buried 12 Dec 1688 in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

In 1709 Henry Fitzroy 1701-1709 (7) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

In 1710 Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (64) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey with her parents.

In 1717 Elizabeth Butler Countess Derby 1660-1717 (57) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 31 Jul 1723 Charles Fitzroy 1698-1723 (25) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 09 Sep 1730 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton, 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (68) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His son William Fitzroy 3rd Duke Cleveland, 2nd Duke Southampton 1698-1774 (32) succeeded 3rd Duke Cleveland (1C 1670) 2nd Duke Southampton, 2nd Earl Chichester (2C 1675), 2nd Baron Newbury.

On 19 Nov 1733 Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde 1664-1733 (69) died. On 25 Nov 1733 she was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 16 Nov 1745 James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde 1665-1745 (80) died. His coffin-plate says 05 Nov 1645. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Feb 1746 Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton, Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (82) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Richmond Vault, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey

Vault of the Dukes of Ormonde, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey

On 04 Jul 1726 Henry Bentinck 1st Duke Portland 1682-1726 (44) died in Spanish Town, Jamaica. His body was returned to England. On 03 Nov 1726 he was buried in the Vault of the Dukes of Ormonde, Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His son William Bentinck 2nd Duke Portland 1709-1762 (17) succeeded 2nd Duke Portland.

Islip Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

In 1715 William Pulteney -1715 died. He was buried in the Islip Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey with. Monument by Joseph Wilton.

Chapel of St Edmund, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

After 14 Apr 1471 Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

Funeral of Frances Brandon

On 05 Dec 1559 Frances Brandon Marchioness Dorset 1517-1559 was buried in St Edmund's Chapel in Westminster Abbey at a ceremony conducted by John Jewel Bishop Salisbury 1522-1571 (37). Her daughter Catherine Grey Countess Hertford 1540-1568 (19) was Chief Mourner. Mary Grey 1545-1578 (14) was present. Her effigy was paid for by Adrian Stokes: recumbent effigy is dressed in the Ermine robes signifying she was a duchess with a pendant around her neck possibly designed by Cornelius Cure. .

In Apr 1570 Catherine Carey 1524-1569 was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

On 09 Dec 1678 Edward Herbert 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury 1633-1678 (45) died. He was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. His brother Henry Herbert 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury 1640-1691 (38) succeeded 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury (1C 1629). Catherine Newport Baroness Herbert Chirbury by marriage Baroness Herbert Chirbury (1C 1629).

Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

On 19 Nov 1481 Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (8) died at Greenwich. He was buried at Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. Her first-cousin twice-removed John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (56) succeeded 12th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 13th Baron Segrave (2C 1295). Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 (45) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (2C 1295).

Chapel of St John the Baptist's, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

Chapel of St Micheal, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

In 1347 William Trussell -1347 died. He was buried in the Chapel of St Micheal, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

Chapel of St Paul, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

On 09 Mar 1589 Frances Sidney Countess Sussex 1531-1589 (58) died. On 15 Apr 1589 she was buried in Chapel of St Paul, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

On 17 May 1808 John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval 1728-1808 (80) died. He was buried at Chapel of St Paul, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

In 1751. Arthur Pond Painter 1705-1758 (46). Portrait of Rhoda Delaval 1725-1757 (25) and her siblings Francis Blake Delaval 1727-1771 (23), Edward Hussey Delaval 1729-1814 (22), John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval 1728-1808 (22), Anne Hussey Delaval 1743- and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821 (9).

Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey

Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Funeral of Isaac Newton

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by Samuel Bradford Bishop Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731[Bishop Rochester].
Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.
The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke, 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).
The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.
Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects."
.

Crypt, Westminster Abbey

On 29 Nov 1682 Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (62) died at Westminster. He was buried in the Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

Deanery, Westminster Abbey

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale[Heraldic Badge], her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 17 May 1731 Samuel Bradford Bishop Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731 (78) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Hyde Vault, Westminster Abbey

On 08 Aug 1667 Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (50) died. She was buried in the Hyde Vault, Westminster Abbey.

North Transept, Westminster Abbey

On 14 Jul 1809 Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton 1736-1809 (72) died. He was buried at North Transept, Westminster Abbey. His son Welbore Ellis Agar 2nd Earl Normanton 1778-1868 (31) succeeded 2nd Earl Normanton.

Around 1787 George Romney Painter 1734-1802 (52). Portrait of Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton 1736-1809 (50).

Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey

On 07 Feb 1750 Algernon Seymour 7th Duke Somerset 1684-1750 (65) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey. His half fifth-cousin once-removed Edward Seymour 8th Duke Somerset 1695-1757 (55) succeeded 8th Duke Somerset (4C 1547). Mary Webb Duchess Somerset 1697-1768 (53) by marriage Duchess Somerset (4C 1547). His daughter Elizabeth Seymour Duchess Northumberland 1716-1776 (33) succeeded 2nd Baron Percy. His nephew Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl Egremont 1710-1763 (39) succeeded 2nd Earl Egremont.

In 1779 Elizabeth Percy 1777-1779 (2) died. She was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

In 1796 Louisa Margaret Percy 1796-1796 died. She was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

In 1805 Algernon James Percy 1803-1805 (2) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

In 1809 Henry Algernon Pitt Percy 1806-1809 (3) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

In 1810 Margaret Percy 1805-1810 (5) died. She was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 24 Jan 1812 Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley 1750-1812 (61) died. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Apr 1820 Frances Julia Burrell Duchess Northumberland 1752-1820 (67) died at Syon House, Syon Park, Isleworth. He buried in the Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 17 Jan 1837 Elizabeth Anne Burrell Duchess Hamilton, Duchess Brandon 1757-1837 (79) died. He was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Feb 1847 Hugh Percy 3rd Duke Northumberland 1785-1847 was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 02 Jan 1899 Algernon George Percy 6th Duke Northumberland 1810-1899 (88) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey. His son Henry George Percy 7th Duke Northumberland 1846-1918 (52) succeeded 7th Duke Northumberland (3C 1766). Edith Campbell Duchess Northumberland 1849-1913 (49) by marriage Duchess Northumberland (3C 1766).

Poets Corner, Westminster Abbey

On 25 Oct 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 (57) died. He was buried at Poets Corner, Westminster Abbey.

Triforium, Westminster Abbey

In 1694 Esther de la Tour de Gouvernet 1666-1694 (28) died. She was buried with her mother and grandmother, all three Esther, in the Triforium, Westminster Abbey.

On or before 07 Dec 1697 Esther Hervart -1697 died. On 07 Dec 1697 she was buried in the Triforium, Westminster Abbey.

Westminster School

Around 1612 John Glynne Judge 1602-1666 (10) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1625 Henry "Younger" Vane 1613-1662 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1628 Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 (10) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1661 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford 1649-1719 (12) educated at Westminster School.

After 1661 Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet Bridgeman 1649-1701 educated at Westminster School.

John Evelyn's Diary 1661 May. 13th May, 1661. I heard and saw such exercises at the election of scholars at Westminster School to be sent to the University in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic, in themes and extemporary verses, as wonderfully astonished me in such youths, with such readiness and wit, some of them not above twelve or thirteen years of age. Pity it is, that what they attain here so ripely, they either do not retain, or do not improve more considerably when they come to be men, though many of them do; and no less is to be blamed their odd pronouncing of Latin, so that out of England none were able to understand, or endure it. The examinants, or posers, were, Dr. Duport, Greek Professor at Cambridge; Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; Dr. Pierson; Dr. Allestree (39), Dean of Westminster, and any that would.

Around 1671 John Brownlow 3rd Baronet Brownlow 1659-1697 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1677 James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos 1673-1744 (3) educated at Westminster School.

Before 1690. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Mary Lake 1668-1712. Frequently described as 'Mary Lake Duchess of Chandos' Mary died two years before her husband James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos 1673-1744 was created Duke on 19 Oct 1714.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 September. 10th September, 1677. To divert me, my Lord (59) would needs carry me to see Ipswich, when we dined with one Mr. Mann by the way, who was Recorder of the town. There were in our company my Lord Huntingtower (28), son to the Duchess of Lauderdale (50), Sir Edward Bacon, a learned gentleman of the family of the great Chancellor Verulam, and Sir John Felton, with some other knights and gentlemen. After dinner came the bailiff and magistrates in their formalities with their maces to compliment my Lord (59), and invite him to the town-house, where they presented us a collation of dried sweetmeats and wine, the bells ringing, etc. Then, we went to see the town, and first, the Lord Viscount Hereford's (3) house, which stands in a park near the town, like that at Brussels, in Flanders; the house not great, yet pretty, especially the hall. The stews for fish succeeded one another, and feed one the other, all paved at bottom. There is a good picture of the blessed virgin in one of the parlors, seeming to be of Holbein, or some good master. Then we saw the Haven, seven miles from Harwich. The tide runs out every day, but the bedding being soft mud, it is safe for shipping and a station. The trade of Ipswich is for the most part Newcastle on Tyne coals, with which they supply London; but it was formerly a clothing town. There is not any beggar asks alms in the whole place, a thing very extraordinary, so ordered by the prudence of the magistrates. It has in it fourteen or fifteen beautiful churches: in a word, it is for building, cleanness, and good order, one of the best towns in England. Cardinal Wolsey was a butcher's son of Ipswich, but there is little of that magnificent Prelate's foundation here, besides a school and I think a library, which I did not see. His intentions were to build some great thing. We returned late to Euston, having traveled about fifty miles this day.
Since first I was at this place, I found things exceedingly improved. It is seated in a bottom between two graceful swellings, the main building being now in the figure of a Greek II with four pavilions, two at each corner, and a break in the front, railed and balustered at the top, where I caused huge jars to be placed full of earth to keep them steady upon their pedestals between the statues, which make as good a show as if they were of stone, and, though the building be of brick, and but two stories besides cellars and garrets covered with blue slate, yet there is room enough for a full court, the offices and outhouses being so ample and well disposed. the King (47)'s apartment is painted à fresco, and magnificently furnished. There are many excellent pictures of the great masters. The gallery is a pleasant, noble room; in the break, or middle, is a billiard table, but the wainscot, being of fir, and painted, does not please me so well as Spanish oak without paint. The chapel is pretty, the porch descending to the gardens. The orange garden is very fine, and leads into the greenhouse, at the end of which is a hall to eat in, and the conservatory some hundred feet long, adorned with maps, as the other side is with the heads of the Cæsars, ill cut in alabaster; above are several apartments for my Lord, Lady, and Duchess, with kitchens and other offices below, in a lesser form; lodgings for servants, all distinct for them to retire to when they please and would be in private, and have no communication with the palace, which he tells me he will wholly resign to his son-in-law and daughter, that charming young creature.
The canal running under my Lady's (43) dressing room chamber window, is full of carps and fowl, which come and are fed there. The cascade at the end of the canal turns a cornmill that provides the family, and raises water for the fountains and offices. To pass this canal into the opposite meadows, Sir Samuel Morland (52) has invented a screw bridge, which, being turned with a key, lands you fifty feet distant at the entrance of an ascending walk of trees, a mile in length,—as it is also on the front into the park,—of four rows of ash trees, and reaches to the park pale, which is nine miles in compass, and the best for riding and meeting the game that I ever saw. There were now of red and fallow deer almost a thousand, with good covert, but the soil barren and flying sand, in which nothing will grow kindly. The tufts of fir, and much of the other wood, were planted by my direction some years before. This seat is admirably placed for field sports, hawking, hunting, or racing. The mutton is small, but sweet. The stables hold thirty horses and four coaches. The out-offices make two large quadrangles, so as servants never lived with more ease and convenience; never master more civil. Strangers are attended and accommodated as at their home, in pretty apartments furnished with all manner of conveniences and privacy.
There is a library full of excellent books; bathing rooms, elaboratory, dispensary, a decoy, and places to keep and fat fowl in. He had now in his new church (near the garden) built a dormitory, or vault, with several repositories, in which to bury his family.
In the expense of this pious structure, the church is most laudable, most of the houses of God in this country resembling rather stables and thatched cottages than temples in which to serve the Most High. He has built a lodge in the park for the keeper, which is a neat dwelling, and might become any gentleman. The same has he done for the parson, little deserving it for murmuring that my Lord put him some time out of his wretched hovel, while it was building. He has also erected a fair inn at some distance from his palace, with a bridge of stone over a river near it, and repaired all the tenants' houses, so as there is nothing but neatness and accommodations about his estate, which I yet think is not above £1,500 a year. I believe he had now in his family one hundred domestic servants.
His lady (43) (being one of the Brederode's daughters, grandchild to a natural son of Henry Frederick, Prince of Orange) [Note. Evelyn confused here. Elisabeth Nassau-Beverweert Countess Arlington 1633-1718 (43) was the daughter of Louis Nassau-Beverweert 1602-1665 who was the illegitimate son of Maurice Orange-Nassau I Prince Orange 1567-1625. Frederick Henry Orange-Nassau II Prince Orange 1584-1647 was the younger brother of Maurice Orange-Nassau I Prince Orange 1567-1625.] is a good-natured and obliging woman. They love fine things, and to live easily, pompously, and hospitably; but, with so vast expense, as plunges my Lord (59) into debts exceedingly. My Lord (59) himself is given into no expensive vice but building, and to have all things rich, polite, and princely. He never plays, but reads much, having the Latin, French, and Spanish tongues in perfection. He has traveled much, and is the best bred and courtly person his Majesty (47) has about him, so as the public Ministers more frequent him than any of the rest of the nobility. While he was Secretary of State and Prime Minister, he had gotten vastly, but spent it as hastily, even before he had established a fund to maintain his greatness; and now beginning to decline in favor (the Duke being no great friend of his), he knows not how to retrench. He was son of a Doctor of Laws, whom I have seen, and, being sent from Westminster School to Oxford, with intention to be a divine, and parson of Arlington, a village near Brentford, when Master of Arts the Rebellion falling out, he followed the King (47)'s Army, and receiving an HONORABLE WOUND IN THE FACE, grew into favor, and was advanced from a mean fortune, at his Majesty's (47) Restoration, to be an Earl and Knight of the Garter, Lord Chamberlain of the Household, and first favorite for a long time, during which the King (47) married his natural son, the Duke of Grafton (13), to his only daughter (22) and heiress, as before mentioned, worthy for her beauty and virtue of the greatest prince in Christendom. My Lord is, besides this, a prudent and understanding person in business, and speaks well; unfortunate yet in those he has advanced, most of them proving ungrateful. The many obligations and civilities I have received from this noble gentleman, extracts from me this character, and I am sorry he is in no better circumstances.
Having now passed near three weeks at Euston, to my great satisfaction, with much difficulty he suffered me to look homeward, being very earnest with me to stay longer; and, to engage me, would himself have carried me to Lynn-Regis, a town of important traffic, about twenty miles beyond, which I had never seen; as also the Traveling Sands, about ten miles wide of Euston, that have so damaged the country, rolling from place to place, and, like the Sands in the Deserts of Lybia, quite overwhelmed some gentlemen's whole estates, as the relation extant in print, and brought to our Society, describes at large.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Known as "Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling". The subject is believed to be Anne Ashby -1539 wife of Francis Lovell -1552 (18). The starling is probably intended as a rhyming pun of East Harling, where the family had recently inherited the estate of East Harling Hall, East Harling. Squirrels nibbling on nuts feature on the heraldry of the Lovell family: the windows of the Church of St Peter and St Paul, East Harling include two of the family’s arms in stained glass, each showing six red squirrels. The commission may commemorate the birth of a son to the couple in the spring of 1526, but it also showed off their new status as wealthy landowners.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter-twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Lady Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (36). Drawing of Thomas Elyot 1490-1546 (43).

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (36). Drawing of Margaret Barrow 1500-1560 (33).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (39). Drawing of Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542 (33).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (39). Drawing of Margaret More 1505-1544 (31) known by her married name of "Margaret Roper".

Around 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (40). Drawing of Elizabeth Jenks Baroness Rich Leez 1510-1558 (27).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

After 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley Waldon -1564 based on she having become Lady Audley on 29 Nov 1538. Coloured chalks, silverpoint, pen and ink on pink-primed paper, 29.2 × 20.7 cm, Royal Collection, Windsor Castle. The drawing is inscribed, by a later hand than Holbein's, "The Lady Audley".

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (23).

Around 1542 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (45). Drawing of William Sharington 1495-1553 (47).

In 1623 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641 (56). Portrait of Frederick Henry Orange-Nassau II Prince Orange 1584-1647 (38).

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Frederick Henry Orange-Nassau II Prince Orange 1584-1647 (49).

Before 27 Jun 1641 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of Maurice Orange-Nassau I Prince Orange 1567-1625.

Around 1682 William Legge 1st Earl Dartmouth 1672-1750 (9) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1695 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (12) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1721 John Mordaunt 1709-1767 (12) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1721 William Courtenay 6th Earl Devon 1709-1762 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1723 James Waldegrave 2nd Earl Waldegrave 1715-1763 (7) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1725 Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1725 James "Wicked Earl" Cecil 1713-1780 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1726 John Tylney 2nd Earl Tylney 1712-1784 (13) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1726 Henry Reginald Courtenay 1714-1763 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1735 John Hobart 2nd Earl Buckinghamshire 1723-1793 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1737 William Keppel 1727-1782 (9) educated at Westminster School.

In 1743 Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter 1728-1777 (14) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1747 Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton 1735-1811 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1748 Edward Southwell 20th Baron Clifford 1738-1777 (9) educated at Westminster School.

In 1755 Reginald Courtenay Bishop of Bristol, Bishop of Exeter 1741-1803 (13) admitted at Westminster School.

Around 1763 Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds 1751-1799 (11) educated at Westminster School.

In 1764 Thomas Egerton 1st Earl Wilton 1749-1814 (14) educated at Westminster School.

In 1765 Percy Charles Wyndham 1757-1833 (7) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1767 William Lowther 1st Earl Lonsdale 1757-1844 (9) educated at Westminster School.

In 1767 Charles William Wyndham 1760-1828 (6) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1768 Thomas Pelham 2nd Earl Chichester 1756-1826 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1774 Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort 1766-1835 (7) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1775 George Talbot-Rice 3rd Baron Dynevor 1765-1852 (9) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1777 Robert Grosvenor 1st Marquess Westminster 1767-1845 (9) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1777 Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford 1765-1802 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1789 William Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1777-1859 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1797 Spencer Rodney 5th Baron Rodney 1785-1846 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1800 Francis Russell 7th Duke Bedford 1788-1861 (11) educated at Westminster School.

Around 1828 Henry Lowther 3rd Earl Lonsdale 1818-1876 (9) educated at Westminster School.

Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham 1621-1682 educated at Westminster School.

Harry Grey 4th Earl Stamford 1715-1768 educated at Westminster School.