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Whitehall Palace

Triple Wedding

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1536 Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

1547 Death of Henry VIII

1603 Pre-Coronation Knights

1603 James 1st Crowned

1605 Masque of Blackness

1608 Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid

1608 Masque of Beauty

1610 Tethy's Festival Masque

1613 Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

1649 Execution of Charles I

1660 Coronation Charles II

1661 Investiture of new Peers

1683 Rye House Plot

1685 Popish Plot

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1694 Death of Queen Mary II

1698 Whitehall Palace Fire

1876 New Years Appointments

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 08 Jun 1467 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) went to Whitehall Palace to retrieve the Great Seal from George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (35).Considered as a slight against the Neville family to whom Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) was increasingly distant. .

On 11 Nov 1530 Giles Alington 1499-1586 (31) was knighted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (39) at Whitehall Palace.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43).Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1487-1543 (46) at Whitehall Palace. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1496-1546 (37), Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (51) witnessed.

Around 1534 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (37).Drawing of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (33).The attribution is contentious.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester 1483-1555 (53). Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27) was appointed Queen Consort England.

1537 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (40). Portrait of Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28).

Death of Henry VIII

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (55) died at Whitehall Palace. His Son Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) succeeded VI King England and Ireland: Tudor.

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (2)

Around 1546 Unknown Artist. After William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (8).

Around 1547 Master John PainterWorkshop. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

On 09 Apr 1553 James Dyer Speaker 1510-1582 (43) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 25 Feb 1560 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (32) and Frances Newton Baroness Cobham 1539-1592 (21) were married at Whitehall Palace. Frances Newton Baroness Cobham 1539-1592 (21) by marriage Baroness Cobham.

In 1576 Richard Bulkeley 1533-1621 (43) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 23 Jul 1603 George Carew -1612 was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

James 1st Crowned

On 27 Jul 1603 William Wrey 1st Baronet Wrey -1636 was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 30 Jul 1603 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 02 Feb 1608 John St John 1st Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1585-1648 (22) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

In 1631 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (37). Portrait of John St John 1st Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1585-1648 (45). Lydiard House.

Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid

On 09 Feb 1608 John Ramsay 1st Earl Holderness 1580-1626 (28) and Elizabeth Radclyffe -1618 were married at Whitehall Palace. James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (41) gave the bride away and sent the bride a gold cup containing a grant of lands worth an income of £600 per year, also paid off Ramsay's debts of £10,000.
The marriage was celebrated with the Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid in the evening of 09 Feb 1608 at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace written by Ben Johnson 1572-1637
The principal masquers, nobles and gentlemen of the Court, appeared in the guise of the twelve signs of the Zodiac; the men, five English and seven Scottish courtiers, were:
Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (33)
Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (21)
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (23)
William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 (27)
Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox 1579-1624 (29)
Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 (25)
James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (28)
Robert Crichton 8th Lord Sanquhar -1612
John Kennedy, Master of Mar
Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (20)
Mr Erskine.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, Old Horseguards, Whitehall Palace and Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

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Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (45).

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (31).

In 1630 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (40). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (43) and wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640 (51). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (42).

In 1634 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (44). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49) wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49).

Around 1615 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Before 1630 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648. Portrait of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630.

1624. Unknown Artist. Portrait of James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (44).

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (41). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (43).

Around 1632 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (42). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (44).

In 1633 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (43). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (45).

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (45).

On 29 Apr 1609 Henry Berkeley 1579-1667 (30) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

Tethy's Festival Masque

On 05 Jun 1610 the Tethy's Festival Masque was performed at Whitehall Palace to celebrate the the investiture of Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 (16) as Prince of Wales.The script was written by Samuel Daniel at the request of the Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (35), who appeared in person as Tethys a goddess of the sea. Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (36) designed the staging and scenery.
Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (9) took the part of Zephyrus,
Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (13) appeared as the companion or daughter of Tethys, the "Nymph of Thames",
Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) took the part of the "Nymph of Trent",
Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel (25) as "Nymph of Arun"
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (34) as "Nymph of Derwent",
Frances Howard Countess Essex, Countess Somerset 1590-1632 (20) as "Nymph of Lee",
Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (20) as "Nymph of Air",
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (23) as "Nymph of Severn",
Elizabeth Radclyffe -1618 as "Nymph of Rother",
Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent 1582-1651 (28) as "Nymph of Medway",
Four sisters, daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (60) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester 1546-, danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire:
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (35) the "Nymph of Usk"
Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 (35) the "Nymph of Olwy"
Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (20) the "Nymph of Dulesse" (Dulas), and
Mary Wintour the "Nymph of Wye".

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30).

Around 1644. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (32). Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (70).

Around 1757 William Hogarth 1697-1764 (59). Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652. The portrait was commissioned by Edward Littleton MP 4th Baronet 1727-1812 (30) when he was refurbishing his house Teddesley Hall, Penkridge.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (45).

Around 1616 William Larkin 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (25).

In 1621 Gilbert Jackson 1595-1648 (26). Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (71).

In 1611 John Eyre 1580-1639 (31) and Dorothy Bulstrode 1592-1590 (19) attempted to murder Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury 1582-1648 (28) who he suspected of having an affair with his wife. John Eyre 1580-1639 (31) and four accomplices caught up with Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury 1582-1648 (28) and his two footmen at Scotland Yard, Whitehall Palace as he was leaving Whitehall Palace, and wounded his horse several times. Eyre broke Herbert's sword. Twenty more men appeared, Herbert thought them Eyre's supporters and attendants of the Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (49). Two other men helped Herbert, and after a prolonged struggle he wounded Eyre, who was carried to the Thames vomiting. A few days later Eyre sent a message that he would kill Herbert with "a musket out of a window". Meanwhile, because Eyre claimed Dorothy had conFessd to being unfaithful, she sent a letter to her aunt Lady Croke denying this, and Herbert was able to give this letter to the Privy Council. The Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (36) said that John Eyre was "the most miserable man living" because of the shame of Dorothy's letter, and because his father had disinherited him on hearing of the assault.

In 1598 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (36).

On 20 Jan 1611 George Home 1st Earl Dunbar 1556-1611 (55) died at Whitehall Palace. He was buried at Dunbar Church, Dunbar.

On 08 Feb 1611 Richard Worsley 1st Baronet 1589-1621 (22) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 24 May 1612 Lionel Tollemache 1st Baronet Talmash 1562-1621 (49) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 07 Jun 1612 John Wray 2nd Baronet Glentworth 1586-1655 (25) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 15 Nov 1612 Lionel Tollemache 2nd Baronet Talmash 1591-1640 (21) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

In 1617 Roland Egerton 1st Baronet Egerton and Oulton -1646 was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On May 1622 James Home 2nd Earl Home 1607-1633 (15) and Catherine Carey Countess Home 1609-1625 (13) were married at Whitehall Palace with James I King Scotland 1394-1437 present. Catherine Carey Countess Home 1609-1625 (13) by marriage Countess Home.

On 02 Mar 1625 James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 (36) died at Whitehall Palace.

In 1623 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (33). Portrait of James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 (34) with his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1623 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (33). Portrait of James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 (34).

On 26 Jun 1627 Simon Harcourt 1603-1643 (24) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 24 Jun 1630 Thomas Gower 2nd Baronet Gower 1605-1672 (25) was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

In 1632 Anne Hamilton 3rd Duchess Hamilton 1632-1716 was born to James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton 1606-1649 and Mary Feilding Duchess Hamilton 1613-1638 (19) in Whitehall Palace.

1815. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (37). Portrait of Anne Hamilton 3rd Duchess Hamilton 1632-1716.

On 23 Jan 1650 Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (65) died at Whitehall Palace. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral. His Son Philip Herbert 5th Earl Pembroke 1621-1669 (29) succeeded 5th Earl Pembroke (10C 1551).

On 03 Sep 1658 Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (59) died at Whitehall Palace. His Son Richard Cromwell Lord Protector 1626-1712 (31) succeeded Lord Protector.

Around 1649. Robert Walker 1599-1658 (50). Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (49).

Coronation Charles II

On 22 Apr 1660 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) rode from the Tower of London to Whitehall Palace.At the Lime Street end of Leadenhall he passed under a triumphal arch built after the Doric order, with Rebellion, her crimson robe alive with snakes, being crushed by Monarchy Restored, and a fine painting of his Majesty's landing at Dover, "with ships at sea, great guns going off, one kneeling and kissing the King's hand, soldiers, horse and foot and many people gazing".
Outside the East India House in Leadenhall Street, that loyal and honourable trading company expressed their dutiful affections to his Majesty by two Indian youths, one attended by two blackamoors and the other mounted upon a camel, which bore on its back two panniers filled with jewels, spices, and silks to be scattered among the spectators.
At the Conduit in Cornhill a special treat was prepared for the bachelor king in the shape of eight nymphs clad in white. A little further down the street, just opposite the Royal Exchange, was another arch, with stages against it depicting the River Thames and the upper deck of one of his Majesty's ships.
The procession included the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (26), the Algernon Percy 10th Earl Northumberland 1602-1668 (57) and the Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey 1608-1666 (52)
The Sword of State was carried by Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond, 5th Duke Lennox 1649-1660 (11).

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Algernon Percy 10th Earl Northumberland 1602-1668 (31) and Anne Cecil -1637.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Algernon Percy 10th Earl Northumberland 1602-1668.

On 06 Jun 1660 John Talbot 1630-1714 (29) was knighted by Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) at Whitehall Palace.

On 15 Jun 1660 Thomas Tipping 1615-1693 (44) was knighted by Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) at Whitehall Palace.

Around 1660 Gilbert Soest 1605-1681 (55). Portrait of a Gentleman with a Dog, probably Thomas Tipping 1615-1693 (44).

On 05 May 1661 Charles Stewart 1660-1661 died of smallpox at Whitehall Palace.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Sunday 02 May 1669. Lord’s Day. Up, and by water to Whitehall Palace, and there visit my Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (43), who, after about two months’ absence at Hinchingbrooke House, Huntingdon, come to town last night. I saw him, and very kind; and I am glad he is so, I having not wrote to him all the time, my eyes indeed not letting me. Here with Charles Harbord 1640-1670 (29), and my Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich 1648-1688 (21), and Sidney, we looked upon the picture of Tangier, designed by Charles Harbord 1640-1670 (29), and drawn by Dancre, which my Lord Sandwich admires, as being the truest picture that ever he’s saw in his life: and it is indeed very pretty, and I will be at the cost of having one of them. Thence with them to Whitehall Palace, and there walked out the sermon, with one or other; and then saw the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) after sermon, and he talked to me a little; and so away back by water Navy Office, Seething Lane, and after dinner got my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) to read, and then by coach, she and I, to the Hyde Park, and there spent the evening with much pleasure, it proving clear after a little shower, and we mighty fine as yesterday, and people mightily pleased with our coach, as I perceived; but I had not on my fine suit, being really afeard to wear it, it being so fine with the gold lace, though not gay. So home and to supper, and my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) to read, and Tom, my Nepotisme, and then to bed.

Around 1650 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (31). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (24).

Around 1662 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (43). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (36) in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Monday 03 May 1669. Up, and by coach to my William Brouncker 2nd Viscount Brounckner 1620-1684 (49), where George Carteret 1st Baronet Metesches 1610-1680 (59) did meet John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671 (70) and me, to discourse upon Edward Dering 2nd Baronet Dering 1625-1684 (43) business, who was directed, in the time of the war, to provide provisions at Hamburgh, by George Carteret 1st Baronet Metesches 1610-1680 (59) direction; and now George Carteret 1st Baronet Metesches 1610-1680 (59) is afeard to own it, it being done without written order. But by our meeting we do all begin to recollect enough to preserve Edward Dering 2nd Baronet Dering 1625-1684 (43), I think, which, poor silly man! I shall be glad of, it being too much he should suffer for endeavouring to serve us. Thence to St. James’s, where the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) was playing in the Pall Mall, St James'; and so he called me to him most part of the time that he played, which was an hour, and talked alone to me; and, among other things, tells me how the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) will not yet be got to name anybody in the room of Admiral William Penn 1621-1670 (48), but puts it off for three or four days; from whence he do collect that they are brewing something for the Navy, but what he knows not; but I perceive is vexed that things should go so, and he hath reason; for he told me that it is likely they will do in this as in other things — resolve first, and consider it and the fitness of it afterward. Thence to Whitehall Palace, and met with John Creed -1701, and I took him to the Harp and Ball's, Charing Cross, and there drank a cup of ale, he and I alone, and discoursed of matters; and I perceive by him that he makes no doubt but that all will turn to the old religion, for these people cannot hold things in their hands, nor prevent its coming to that; and by his discourse fits himself for it, and would have my Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (43) do so, too, and me. After a little talk with him, and particularly about the ruinous condition of Tangier, which I have a great mind to lay before the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), before it be too late, but dare not, because of his great kindness to John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton 1608-1674 (61), we parted, and I homeward; but called at Thomas Povey 1614-1705 (55), and there he stopped me to dinner, there being Joseph Williamson 1633-1701 (35), the Lieutenant Tower of London, Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (38), and several others. And after dinner, Thomas Povey 1614-1705 (55) and I together to talk of Tangier; and he would have me move the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) in it, for it concerns him particularly, more than any, as being the head of us; and I do think to do it. Thence Navy Office, Seething Lane, and at the office busy all the afternoon, and so to supper and to bed.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671.

Before 12 Dec 1676 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton 1608-1674.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey 1614-1705.

Before 1691. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Wednesday 05 May 1669. Up, and thought to have gone with William Brouncker 2nd Viscount Brounckner 1620-1684 (49) to Robert Hooke Scientist 1635-1703 (33) this morning betimes; but my Lord is taken ill of the gout, and says his new lodgings have infected him, he never having had any symptoms of it till now. So walked to Gresham College, to tell Robert Hooke Scientist 1635-1703 (33) that my Lord could not come; and so left word, he being abroad, and I to St. James’s, and thence, with the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), to Whitehall Palace, where the Navy Board waited on him all the morning: and so at noon with Thomas Allin 1st Baronet 1612-1685 (57), and Edward Scott -1688, and Theobald Taffe 1st Earl Carlingford 1603-1677 (66), to the Antonio Francesca Ambassador Mesia Conde de Molina 1620-1674 (49), where I dined the first time. The Olla Podrida not so good as Henry Sheers -1710. There was at the table Antonio Francesca Ambassador Mesia Conde de Molina 1620-1674 (49) and a Spanish Countess, a good, comely, and witty lady — three Fathers and us. Discourse good and pleasant. And here was an Oxford scholar in a Doctor of Law’s gowne, sent from the College where the Embassador lay, when the Court was there, to salute him before his return to Spain: This man, though a gentle sort of scholar, yet sat like a fool for want of French or Spanish, but [knew] only Latin, which he spoke like an Englishman to one of the Fathers. And by and by he and I to talk, and the company very merry at my defending Cambridge against Oxford: and I made much use of my French and Spanish here, to my great content. But the dinner not extraordinary at all, either for quantity or quality. Thence Navy Office, Seething Lane, where my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) ill of those upon the maid’s bed, and troubled at my being abroad. So I to the office, and there till night, and then to Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28), and she read to me the Epistle of Cassandra, which is very good indeed; and the better to her, because recommended by Sheres. So to supper, and to bed.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Monday 10 May 1669. Troubled, about three in the morning, with my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) calling her maid up, and rising herself, to go with her coach abroad, to gather May-dew, which she did, and I troubled for it, for fear of any hurt, going abroad so betimes, happening to her; but I to sleep again, and she come home about six, and to bed again all well, and I up and with Richard Gibson by coach to St. James’s, and thence to Whitehall Palace, where the Duke of York met the Office, and there discoursed of several things, particularly the Instructions of Commanders of ships. But here happened by chance a discourse of the Council of Trade, against which the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) is mightily displeased, and particularly Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (38), against whom he speaking hardly, Captain John Cox did second the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), by saying that he was talked of for an unfayre dealer with masters of ships, about freight: to which Thomas Littleton 2nd Baronet 1621-1681 (48) very hotly and foolishly replied presently, that he never heard any honest man speak ill of Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (38); to which the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) did make a smart reply, and was angry; so as I was sorry to hear it come so far, and that I, by seeming to assent to Captain John Cox, might be observed too much by Thomas Littleton 2nd Baronet 1621-1681 (48), though I said nothing aloud, for this must breed great heart-burnings. After this meeting done, the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) took the Treasurers into his closet to chide them, as Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723 (45) tells me; for that my Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet Bridgeman 1606-1674 (63) did last night at the Council say, when nobody was ready to say any thing against the constitution of the Navy, that he did believe the Treasurers of the Navy had something to say, which was very foul on their part, to be parties against us.
They being gone, Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723 (45) [and I] took boat, thinking to dine with my Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop Canterbury 1598-1677 (70); but, when we come to Lambeth, the gate was shut, which is strictly done at twelve o’clock, and nobody comes in afterwards: so we lost our labour, and therefore back to Whitehall Palace, and thence walked my boy Jacke with me, to my John Crew 1st Baron Crew 1598-1679 (71), whom I have not seen since he was sick, which is eight months ago, I think and there dined with him: he is mightily broke. A stranger a country gentleman, was with him: and he pleased with my discourse accidentally about the decay of gentlemen’s families in the country, telling us that the old rule was, that a family might remain fifty miles from London one hundred years, one hundred miles from London two hundred years, and so farther, or nearer London more or less years. He also told us that he hath heard his father say, that in his time it was so rare for a country gentleman to come to London, that, when he did come, he used to make his will before he set out.
Thence: to St. James’s, and there met the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), who told me, with great content, that he did now think he should master our adversaries, for that the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) did tell him that he was; satisfied in the constitution of the Navy, but that it was well to give these people leave to object against it, which they having not done, he did give order to give warrant to the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) to direct Admiral Jeremy Smith -1675 to be a Commissioner of the Royal Navy in the room of Admiral William Penn 1621-1670 (48); which, though he be an impertinent fellow, yet I am glad of it, it showing that the other side is not so strong as it was: and so, in plain terms, the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) did tell me, that they were every day losing ground; and particularly that he would take care to keep out Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (38): at all which I am glad, though yet I dare not think myself secure, as the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) may yet be wrought upon by these people to bring changes in our Office, and remove us, ere it be long. Thence I to Whitehall Palace, and there took boat to Westminster, and to Betty Powell Draper, who is not come to town from her Samuel Martin at Portsmouth. So drank only at Cragg’s with Doll Powell, and so to the Swan Inn, New Palace Yard, and there baiser a new maid that is there, and so to Whitehall Palace again, to a Committee of Tangier, where I see all things going to rack in the business of the Corporation, and consequently in the place, by John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton 1608-1674 (61) going. Thence walked a little with John Creed -1701, who tells me he hears how fine my horses and coach are, and advises me to avoid being noted for it, which I was vexed to hear taken notice of, it being what I feared and Thomas Povey 1614-1705 (55) told me of my gold-lace sleeves in the Park yesterday, which vexed me also, so as to resolve never to appear in Court with them, but presently to have them taken off, as it is fit I should, and so to my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) at John Unthank, and coach, and so called at my tailor’s to that purpose, and so home, and after a little walk in the garden, home to supper and to bed.

In 1711 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723 (87).

Before 1691. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet Bridgeman 1606-1674.

Around 1670 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687 (36). Portrait of Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet Bridgeman 1606-1674 (63). Chirk Castle.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Friday 14 May 1669. Up, and to St. James’s to the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), and thence to Whitehall Palace, where we met about office business, and then at noon with Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723 (45) to Lambeth, to dinner with the Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop Canterbury 1598-1677 (70); the first time I was ever there and I have long longed for it; where a noble house, and well furnished with good pictures and furniture, and noble attendance in good order, and great deal of company, though an ordinary day; and exceeding great cheer, no where better, or so much, that ever I think I saw, for an ordinary table: and the Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop Canterbury 1598-1677 (70) mighty kind to me, particularly desiring my company another time, when less company there. Most of the company gone, and I going, I heard by a gentleman of a sermon that was to be there; and so I staid to hear it, thinking it serious, till by and by the gentleman told me it was a mockery, by one Cornet Bolton, a very gentleman-like man, that behind a chair did pray and preach like a Presbyter Scot that ever I heard in my life, with all the possible imitation in grimaces and voice. And his text about the hanging up their harps upon the willows: and a serious good sermon too, exclaiming against Bishops, and crying up of my good Alexander Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton 1588-1661, a till it made us all burst; but I did wonder to have the Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop Canterbury 1598-1677 (70) at this time to make himself sport with things of this kind, but I perceive it was shewn him as a rarity; and he took care to have the room-door shut, but there were about twenty gentlemen there, and myself, infinitely pleased with the novelty. So over to Whitehall Palace, to a little Committee of Tangier; and thence walking in the Gallery, I met Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (37), who, to my great content, did of his own accord fall into discourse with me, with so much proFessions of value and respect, placing the whole virtue of the Office of the Navy upon me, and that for the Comptroller of the Navy place, no man in England was fit for it but me, when John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671 (70), as he says it is necessary, is Removed: but then he knows not what to do for a man in my place; and in discourse, though I have no mind to the other, I did bring in Thomas Hayter Comptroller to be the fittest man in the world for it, which he took good notice of. But in the whole I was mightily pleased, reckoning myself now fifty per cent. securer in my place than I did before think myself to be. Thence to John Unthank, and there find my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28), but not dressed, which vexed me, because going to the Hyde Park, it being a most pleasant day after yesterday’s rain, which lays all the dust, and most people going out thither, which vexed me. So home, sullen; but then my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) and I by water, with my John Pepys, as high as Fulham, talking and singing, and playing the rogue with the Western barge-men, about the women of Woolwich, which mads them, an so back home to supper and to bed.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Wednesday 19 May 1669. With my coach to St. James’s; and there finding the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) gone to muster his men, in Hyde Park, I alone with my boy thither, and there saw more, walking out of my coach as other gentlemen did, of a soldier’s trade, than ever I did in my life: the men being mighty fine, and their Commanders, particularly the James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (20); but me-thought their trade but very easy as to the mustering of their men, and the men but indifferently ready to perform what was commanded, in the handling of their arms. Here the news was first talked of Henry Killigrew 1637-1705 being wounded in nine places last night, by footmen, in the highway, going from the Hyde Park in a hackney-coach towards Hammersmith, to his house at Turham Green: they being supposed to be my Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford 1642-1702 (27) men, she being by, in Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford 1642-1702 (27) coach with six horses; upon an old grudge of his saying openly that Henry Killigrew 1637-1705 had lain with her. Thence by and by to Whitehall Palace, and there I waited upon the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (59) all dinner-time, in the Queen’s lodgings, she being in her white pinner and apron, like a woman with child; and she seemed handsomer plain so, than dressed. And by and by, dinner done, I out, and to walk in the Gallery, for the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) coming out; and there, meeting Hugh May Architect 1621-1684 (47), he took me down about four o’clock to William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (67) lodgings, and all alone did get me a dish of cold chickens, and good wine; and I dined like a prince, being before very hungry and empty. By and by the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) comes, and readily took me to his closet, and received my petition, and discoursed about my eyes, and pitied me, and with much kindness did give me his consent to be absent, and approved of my proposition to go into Holland to observe things there, of the Navy; but would first ask the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) leave, which he anon did, and did tell me that the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) would be a good master to me, these were his words, about my eyes, and do like of my going into Holland, but do advise that nobody should know of my going thither, but pretend that I did go into the country somewhere, which I liked well. Glad of this, I home, and thence took out my wife, and to Thomas Hollier Doctor 1609-1690 (60) about a swelling in her cheek, but he not at home, and so round by Islington and eat and drink, and so home, and after supper to bed. In discourse this afternoon, the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) did tell me that he was the most amazed at one thing just now, that ever he was in his life, which was, that the George Villiers 2nd Duke Buckingham 1628-1687 (41) did just now come into the Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (59) bed-chamber, where the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) was, and much mixed company, and among others, Thomas Killigrew 1612-1683 (57), the father of Henry Killigrew 1637-1705, who was last night wounded so as to be in danger of death, and his man is quite dead; and [George Villiers 2nd Duke Buckingham 1628-1687 (41)] there in discourse did say that he had spoke with some one that was by (which all the world must know that it must be his whore, my Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford 1642-1702 (27)), who says that they did not mean to hurt, but beat him, and that Henry Killigrew 1637-1705 did run first at them with his sword; so that he do hereby clearly discover that he knows who did it, and is of conspiracy with them, being of known conspiracy with her, which the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) did seem to be pleased with, and said it might, perhaps, cost him his life in the House of Lords; and I find was mightily pleased with it, saying it was the most impudent thing, as well as the most foolish, that ever he knew man do in all his life.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56). Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke Buckingham 1628-1687 (46) wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35). Portrait of Thomas Killigrew 1612-1683 (22).

In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (38). Portrait of Thomas Killigrew 1612-1683 (25) and (probably) William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts 1611-1677 (27).

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Monday 24 May 1669. To Whitehall Palace, and there all the morning, and thence home, and giving order for some business and setting my John Pepys to making a catalogue of my books, I back again to William Hewer 1642-1715 (27) to Whitehall Palace, where I attended the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) and was by him led to [the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38)], who expressed great sense of my misfortune in my eyes, and concernment for their recovery; and accordingly signified, not only his assent to desire therein, but commanded me to give them rest summer, according to my late petition to the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35). William Hewer 1642-1715 (27) and I dined alone at the Swan Inn; and thence having thus waited on the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38), spent till four o’clock in St James' Park, St James', when I met my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) at John Unthank, and so home.

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715 (47).

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of St James' Park, St James'.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Wednesday 26 May 1669. To Whitehall Palace, where all the morning. Dined with William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (67), with Alderman Thomas Backwell 1618-1683 (51), and Admiral Edward Spragg 1620-1673 (49). The Court full of the news from Captain John Hubbard -1668, of “The Milford,” touching his being affronted in the Streights, shot at, and having eight men killed him by a French man-of-war, calling him “English dog,” and commanding him to strike, which he refused, and, as knowing himself much too weak for him, made away from him. The Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (59), as being supposed with child, fell ill, so as to call for Elizabeth Chiffinch, William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (67) sister, and one of her women, from dinner from us; this being the last day of their doubtfulness touching her being with child; and they were therein well confirmed by her Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (59) being well again before night. One Edmund Berry Godfrey 1621-1678 (47), a woodmonger and justice of Peace in Westminster, having two days since arrested Alexander Fraser Physician 1610-1681 (59) for about 30l. in firing, the bailiffs were apprehended, committed to the porter’s lodge, and there, by the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) command, the last night severely whipped; from which the justice himself very hardly escaped, to such an unusual degree was the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) moved therein. But he lies now in the lodge, justifying his act, as grounded upon the opinion of several of the judges, and, among others, my John Kelynge Chief Justice 1607-1671 (62); which makes the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) very angry with the John Kelynge Chief Justice 1607-1671 (62), as they say; and the justice do lie and justify his act, and says he will suffer in the cause for the people, and do refuse to receive almost any nutriment. The effects of it may be bad to the Court. Expected a meeting of Tangier this afternoon, but failed. So home, met by my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) at John Unthank.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Friday 28 May 1669. To St. James’s, where the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) being with the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35) prevented a meeting of the Committee of Tangier. But, Lord! what a deal of sorry discourse did I hear between the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) and several Lords about him here! but very mean methought. So with John Creed -1701 to the Excise Office, Aldersgate Street, Aldersgate, and back to Whitehall Palace, where, in the Park, George Carteret 1st Baronet Metesches 1610-1680 (59) did give me an account of his discourse lately, with the Commissioners of Accounts, who except against many things, but none that I find considerable; among others, that of the Officers of the Navy selling of the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) goods, and particularly my providing him with calico flags, which having been by order, and but once, when necessity, and the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (38) apparent profit, justified it, as conformable to my particular duty, it will prove to my advantage that it be enquired into. Nevertheless, having this morning received from them a demand of an account of all monies within their cognizance, received and issued by me, I was willing, upon this hint, to give myself rest, by knowing whether their meaning therein might reach only to my Treasurership for Tangier, or the monies employed on this occasion. I went, therefore, to them this afternoon, to understand what monies they meant, where they answered me, by saying, “The eleven months’ tax, customs, and prizemoney,” without mentioning, any more than I demanding, the service they respected therein; and so, without further discourse, we parted, upon very good terms of respect, and with few words, but my mind not fully satisfied about the monies they mean. At noon Richard Gibson and I dined at the Swan Inn, and thence doing this at Brooke House, Holborn, and thence calling at the Excise Office, Aldersgate Street, Aldersgate for an account of payment of my tallies for Tangier, I home, and thence with my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) and John Pepys spent the evening on the water, carrying our supper with us, as high as Chelsea; so home, making sport with the Westerne bargees, and my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) and I singing, to my great content.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Saturday 29 May 1669. The Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (39) birth-day. To Whitehall Palace, where all very gay; and particularly the Cosimo III de Medici Prince Tuscany 1642-1723 (26) very fine, and is the first day of his appearing out of mourning, since he come. I heard the Bishop of Peterborough preach but dully; but a good anthem of Pelham Humfrey Composer 1647-1674 (22). Home to dinner, and then with my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28) to Hyde Park, where all the evening; great store of company, and great preparations by the Cosimo III de Medici Prince Tuscany 1642-1723 (26) to celebrate the night with fire-works, for the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (39) birth-day. And so home.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Sunday 30 May 1669. Whitsunday. By water to Whitehall Palace, and thence to William Coventry 1628-1686 (41), where all the morning by his bed-side, he being indisposed. Our discourse was upon the notes I have lately prepared for Commanders’ Instructions; but concluded that nothing will render them effectual, without an amendment in the choice of them, that they be seamen, and not gentleman above the command of the Admiral, by the greatness of their relations at Court. Thence to Whitehall Palace, and dined alone with William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (67) Elizabeth Chiffinch: whither by and by come in Edward Proger 1621-1713 (47) and Thomas Allin 1st Baronet 1612-1685 (57), and by and by fine Winifred Wells 1642-, who is a great beauty; and there I had my full gaze upon her, to my great content, she being a woman of pretty conversation. Thence to the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), who, with the officers of the Navy, made a good entrance on my draught of my new Instructions to Commanders, as well expressing general of a reformation among them, as liking of my humble offers towards it. Thence being called by my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28), Richard Gibson and I, we to the Hyde Park, whence the rain suddenly home.

Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Cradock 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Monday 31 May 1669. Up very betimes, and so continued all the morning with Will Hewer 1642-1715 (27), upon examining and stating my accounts, in order to the fitting myself to go abroad beyond sea, which the ill condition of my eyes, and my neglect for a year or two, hath kept me behindhand in, and so as to render it very difficult now, and troublesome to my mind to do it; but I this day made a satisfactory entrance therein. Dined at home, and in the afternoon by water to Whitehall Palace, calling by the way at Betty Howlett, where I have not been many a day till just the other day, and now I met her mother there and knew her Michael Mitchell to be out of town. And here je did baiser elle, but had not opportunity para hazer some with her as I would have offered if je had had it. And thence had another meeting with the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (35), at Whitehall Palace, on yesterday’s work, and made a good advance: and so, being called by my Elizabeth de St Michel 1640-1669 (28), we to the Hyde Park, Mary Batalier, and a Dutch gentleman, a friend of hers, being with us. Thence to “World's End, Knightsbridge,” a drinking-house by the Park; and there merry, and so home late.
And thus ends all that I doubt I shall ever be able to do with my own eyes in the keeping of my journal, I being not able to do it any longer, having done now so long as to undo my eyes almost every time that I take a pen in my hand; and, therefore, whatever comes of it, I must forbear: and, therefore, resolve, from this time forward, to have it kept by my people in long-hand, and must therefore be contented to set down no more than is fit for them and all the world to know; or, if there be any thing, which cannot be much, now my amours to Deborah Willet 1650-1678 (18). are past, and my eyes hindering me in almost all other pleasures, I must endeavour to keep a margin in my book open, to add, here and there, a note in short-hand with my own hand.
And so I betake myself to that course, which is almost as much as to see myself go into my grave: for which, and all the discomforts that will accompany my being blind, the good God prepare me!.

On 30 Dec 1669 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albermarle 1653-1688 (16) and Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle, Duchess Montagu 1654-1734 (15) were married at Whitehall Palace.

Around 1693 Thomas Murray 1663-1735 (30). Portrait of Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albermarle 1653-1688.

On 03 Sep 1678 Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin 1678-1766 was born to Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (33) and Margaret Blagge 1652-1678 (26) at Whitehall Palace.

Around 1725 Johnathan "The Elder" Richardson 1667-1745 (57). Portrait of Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin 1678-1766 (46).

On 09 Sep 1678 Margaret Blagge 1652-1678 (26) died in childbirth at Whitehall Palace. He was buried at St Breage's Church, Breage.

On 17 Nov 1681 Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (38) was knighted at Whitehall Palace by Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51). The same day Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (38) and Esther Lardinière Peigné were married.

John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 24 Jan 1682. To the Royal Society, where at the Council we passed a new law for the more accurate consideration of candidates, as whether they would really be useful; also concerning the honorary members, that none should be admitted but by diploma.
This evening I was at the entertainment of the Morocco Ambassador at the Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (32) glorious apartments at Whitehall Palace, where was a great banquet of sweetmeats and music; but at which both the Ambassador and his retinue behaved themselves with extraordinary moderation and modesty, though placed about a long table, a lady between two Moors, and among these were the King's natural children, namely, Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (17) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (20), the Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (32), Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (31), etc., concubines, and cattle of that sort, as splendid as jewels and excess of bravery could make them; the Moors neither admiring nor seeming to regard anything, furniture or the like, with any earnestness, and but decently tasting of the banquet. They drank a little milk and water, but not a drop of wine; they also drank of a sorbet and jacolatt; did not look about, or stare on the ladies, or express the least surprise, but with a courtly negligence in pace, countenance, and whole behavior, answering only to such questions as were asked with a great deal of wit and gallantry, and so gravely took leave with this compliment, that God would bless the Duchess of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (32) and the Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (9), her son meaning the little Duke of Richmond. The Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51) came in at the latter end, just as the Ambassador was going away. In this manner was this slave (for he was no more at home) entertained by most of the nobility in town, and went often to Hyde Park on horseback, where he and his retinue showed their extraordinary activity in horsemanship, and flinging and catching their lances at full speed; they rode very short, and could stand upright at full speed, managing their spears with incredible agility. He went sometimes to the theaters, where, upon any foolish or fantastical action, he could not forbear laughing, but he endeavored to hide it with extraordinary modesty and gravity. In a word, the Russian Ambassador, still at Court behaved himself like a clown compared to this civil heathen.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

In 1670 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (35). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (20).

In 1673 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (38). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23).

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687.

Around1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (29).

Before 14 Nov 1687 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687.

On 19 Mar 1683 Thomas Killigrew 1612-1683 (71) died at Whitehall Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Mar. 21 Mar 1683. Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (46) preached at Whitehall Palace on First Letter to the Corinthians Chapter 6 Verse 12; I esteem him to be one of the most profitable preachers in the Church of England, being also of a most holy conversation, very learned and ingenious. The pains he takes and care of his parish will, I fear, wear him out, which would be an inexpressible loss.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Apr. 06 Apr 1683. Good Friday. There was in the afternoon, according to custom, a sermon before the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52), at Whitehall Palace; Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (48) preached for the John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686 (58).

Around 1822. George Perfect Harding Painter 1781-1853 (41). Portrait of John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686. Cleary not contemporary the source of the image unknown.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Jul. 19 Jul 1683. Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (30), who had landed this day, came to marry the Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (18), daughter to the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (49); so I returned home, having seen the young gallant at dinner at Whitehall Palace.

Before 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman 1660-1711. Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708.

Around 1705. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (51). Walmer Castle, Walmer.

In 1703 John Closterman 1660-1711 (43). Portrait of Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37).

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

In 1686 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (20).

Around 1705. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (39).

Rye House Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Nov. 23 Nov 1683. The James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (34), till now proclaimed traitor on the pretended Rye House Plot for which William Russell 1639-1683 was lately beheaded, came this evening to Whitehall Palace and rendered himself, on which were various discourses.

Before 21 Jul 1683. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of William Russell 1639-1683.

Before 1681 Gilbert Soest 1605-1681. Portrait of William Russell 1639-1683.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Dec. 30 Dec 1683. Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (48), now made Dean Westminster Abbey, preached to the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53) at Whitehall Palace, on Gospel of Matthew Chapter 6 Verse 24. Recollecting the passages of the past yeare, I gave God thanks for his mercies, praying his blessing for the future.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar. 15 Mar 1684. At Whitehall Palace preached Henry Godolphin 1648-1733 (35), a Prebend St Paul's Cathedral, and brother to my deare friend Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (38), on Isaiah Chapter 55 Verse 7. I dined at the Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685 (46), and brought to him Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (40), who shewed him his accurate draughts of his travells in Persia.

Before 1685. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov. 15 Nov 1684. Being the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (45) birth-day, there were fire-works on the Thames before Whitehall Palace, with pageants of castles, forts, and other devices of gyrondolas, serpents, the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) and Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (45) armes and mottos, all represented in fire, such as had not ben seen here. But the most remarkable was the severall fires and skirmishes in the very water, which actually mov'd a long way, burning under the water, now and then appearing above it, giving reports like muskets and cannon, with granados and innumerable other devices. It is said it cost £.1500. It was concluded with a ball, where all the young ladys and gallants daunced in the greate hall. The Court had not ben seene so brave and rich in apparell since his Ma*'s Restauration.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace. His Brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) by marriage Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
His brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (83), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. François de Troy 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

Around 1688 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (55). Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Mar. 05 Mar 1685. To my griefe I saw the new pulpit set up in the Popish Oratorie at Whitehall Palace for the Lent preaching, masse being publicly said, and the Romanists swarming at Court with greater confidence than had ever ben seene in England since the Reformation, so as every body grew jealous to what this would tend.
A Parliament was now summon'd, and greate industry us'd to obtaine elections which might promote the Court interest, most of the Corporations being now by their new Charters impower'd to make what returnes of members they pleas'd.
There came over divers envoyes and greate persons to condole the death of the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685, who were receiv'd by the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (46) on a bed of mourning, the whole chamber, cieling and floore hung with black, and tapers were lighted, so as nothing could be more lugubrous and solemne. The Queene Consort sat out under a state on a black foot-cloth, to entertaine the circle (as the Queene us'd to do), and hat very decently.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Apr. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall Palace. I observ'd that tho' the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Wilhelmina Ernestina Oldenburg 1650-1706 (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset House, Strand. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Henry Howard 7th Duke Norfolk 1655-1701 (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Around 1745. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Old Somerset House, Strand.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The City from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand with St Paul's Cathedral.

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Apr. 10 Apr 1685. I went early to Whitehall Palace to heare John Tillotson Archbishop Canterbury 1630-1694 (54), preaching on Ecclesiastes Chapter 9 Verse 18. I returned in the evening, and visited Mary Sheldon -1705, and found with her Sr Geo Wakeman, the physician, whom I had seene tried and acquitted J, amongst the plotters for poisoning the late King, on the accusation of the famous Popish Plot; and surely I believ'd him guiltlesse.

In 1734 William Hogarth 1697-1764 (36).Titled "Edwards Hamilton family on a Terrace" the subjects are Anne Hamilton 1709-1748 (24) and Mary Edwards 1704-1743 (30) and their child Gerard Edwardes of Welham Grove 1734-1773.In her left hand she holds Addison’s Spectator No.580 that describes the need to fill the mind with an awareness of the Divine Being.The books on the table beside her include poetry or sermons of Edward Young, the works of Swift, Pope’s translation of the Iliad, and the devotional writings of Damuel Bowens and John Tillotson Archbishop Canterbury 1630-1694.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jul. 09 Jul 1685. Just as I was coming into the lodgings at Whitehall Palace, a little before dinner, my William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (45) standing very neere his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) bed-chamber doore in the lobby, came Thomas Colepeper 2nd Baron Colepeper 1635-1689 (50), and in a rude manner looking my Lord in the face, asked whether this was a time and place for excluders to appeare; my Lord at first tooke little notice of what he said, knowing him to be a hot-headed fellow, but he reiterating it, my Lord ask'd Culpeper whether he meant him; he said, yes, he meant his Lordship. My Lord told him he was no excluder (as indeed he was not); the other affirming it againe, my Lord told him he lied, on which Culpeper struck him a box on the eare, which my Lord return'd and fell'd him. They were soone parted, Culpeper was seiz'd, and his Ma*, who was all the while in his bed-chamber, order'd him to be carried to the Green Cloth Officer, who sent him to the Marshalsea Prison, Southwark as he deserv'd. My Lord Devon had nothing said to him. I supp'd this night at Lambeth at my old friend's Elias Ashmole 1617-1692 (68), with my Flower Backhouse Countess Clarendon -1700, ye William Lloyd Bishop 1617-1717 (57), and Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (48), when we were treated at a greate feast.

After 09 Jul 1685 Thomas Culpepper 1637-1708 was imprisoned in Marshalsea Prison, Southwark for having insulted his litagee by striking him within the precincts of the court at Whitehall Palace on 9 Jul 1685, and was sentenced to losing a hand; his wife's intervention saved him.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Oct. 14 Oct 1685. I went to London about finishing my lodgings at Whitehall Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Dec. 13 Dec 1685. Simon Patrick Bishop 1626-1707 (59), preach'd at Whitehall Palace before ye Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (20); who since his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) came to the Crown, allways sate in the King's closet, and had the same bowings and ceremonies applied to the place where she was, as his Ma* had when there in person.
Dining at Mr. Pepys's, Dr. Slayer shewed us an experiment of a wonderful nature, pouring first a very cold liquor into a glass, and super-fusing on it another, to appearance cold and cleare liquor also; it first produced a white cloud, then boiling, divers cormscations and actual flames of fire mingled with the liquor, which being a little shaken together, fixed divers sunns and starrs of real fire, perfectly globular, on the sides of the glasse, and which there stuck like so many constellations, burning most vehemently, and resembling starrs and heavenly bodies, and that for a long space. It seemed to exhiblte a theorie of the eduction of light out of the chaos, and the fixing or gathering of the universal light into luminous bodys. This matter or phosphorus was made out of human blood and urine, elucidating the vital flame or heate in animal bodys. A very noble experiment.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Dec. 20 Dec 1685. Dr Turner, brother to yc Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (48), and sometime Tutor to my son, preach'd at Whitehall Palace on Gospel of Mark Chapter 8 Verse 38, concerning ye submission of Christians to their persecutors, in were some passages indiscreete enough, considering yc time, and the rage of the inhumane French tyrant against the poore Protestants.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb. 06 Feb 1686. Being the day on wcb his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) began his reign, by order of Council it was to be solemniz'd with a particular Office and Sermon, which the Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (48) preach'd at Whitehall Palace on Book of Numbers Chapter 11 Verse 12; a Court oration upon the Regal office. It was much wonder'd at that this day, weh was that of his Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 death, should be kept as a festival, and not [instead of] the day of the present King's coronation. It is said to have ben formerly ye costom, tho' not till now since ye reigne of James I King Scotland 1394-1437.
The Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth, Duchess Buccleuch 1651-1732 (34) being in ye same seate with me at church, appear'd with a very sad and afflicted countenance.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb. 08 Feb 1686. I tooke the Test in Westminster Hall, before the Edward Herbert Attorney General 1591-1658. I now came to lodge at Whitehall Palace in the Lord Privy Seal's lodgings.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 17 Mar 1686. I went to my house in the country, refusing to be present at what was to passe at the Privy Seale the next day. In the morning Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (49) preached an incomparable discourse at Whitehall Palace, on 2 Timothy First Letter to Timothy Chapter 2 Verse 3, First Letter to Timothy Chapter 2 Verse 4.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 Jan. 24 Jan 1687. I saw the Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28) new apartment at Whitehall Palace, with her new bed, the embroidery of which cost £3,000. The carving about the chimney piece, by Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721 (38), is incomparable.

Whitehall Palace Fire

On 04 Jan 1698 Whitehall Palace was burned to the ground. The only remaining building was the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

On 05 Jun 1702 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 was born to Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle 1670-1718 (32) and Geertruid Johanna Quirina Van Der Duyn Countess Albermarle at Whitehall Palace.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson 1701-1779 (44). Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (42).

On 06 Dec 1726 Thomas Thynne 2nd Viscount Weymouth 1710-1751 (16) and Elizabeth Sackville Viscountess Weymouth 1711-1729 (15) were married at Whitehall Palace. Elizabeth Sackville Viscountess Weymouth 1711-1729 (15) by marriage Viscountess Weymouth.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

On 14 Jul 1776 George Greville 2nd Earl Warwick, 2nd Earl Brooke Warwick Castle 1746-1816 (29) and Henrietta Vernon Countess Warwick, Countess Brooke Warwick Castle 1760-1838 (15) were married at Whitehall Palace. Henrietta Vernon Countess Warwick, Countess Brooke Warwick Castle 1760-1838 (15) by marriage Countess Warwick (4C 1759), Earl Brooke Warwick Castle.

On 16 May 1843 Charles Robert Wynn-Carington 1st Marquess 1843-1928 was born at Whitehall Palace.

On 16 May 1843 Charles Robert Carrington 3rd Baron Carrington 1843-1928 was born to Robert John Carrington 2nd Baron Carrington 1796-1868 (47) and Charlotte Augusta Annabella Drummond-Willoughby Baroness Carrington 1815-1879 (28) at Whitehall Palace.

New Years Appointments

Edinburgh Gazette 14 Jan 1876. 14 Jan 1876. Whitehall Palace.
The Queen has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, granting the dignities of an Earl and Duke of the said United Kingdom to Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond 1845-1928 (30), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Earl of Kinrara, in the County of Inverness, and Duke of Gordon, of Gordon Castle, in that part of the said United Kingdom called Scotland.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignities of an Earl and Marquess of the said United Kingdom to William Neville 1st Marquess Abergavenny 1826-1915 (49), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Earl of Lewes, in the County of Sussex, and Marquess of Abergavenny, in the County of Monmonth.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignities of a Viscount and Earl of the said United Kingdom to Edward Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Earl Wharncliffe 1827-1899 (48), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Viscount Carlton, of Carlton, and Earl of Wharncliffe, bdth in the West Riding of the County of York; with remainder, in default of such issue male, to the Honourable Francis Dudley Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1829-1893 (46) (brother of the said Edward Montagu Stuart Granville, Lord Wharncliffe), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to John Creighton 3rd Earl Erne 1802-1885 (73), in that part of the said United Kingdom called Ireland, K.P., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Fermanagh, of Lisnaskea, in the County of Fermanagh.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to John Ormsby-Gore 1st Baron Harlech 1816-1876 (59), Esq., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Harlech, of Harlech, in the County of Merioneth; with remainder, in default of snch issue male, to William Richard Ormsby-Gore 2nd Baron Harlech 1819-1904 (56). (brother of the said John Ralph Ormsby-Gore), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to Henry Gerard Sturt 1st Baron Alington 1825-1904 (50), Esq., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Alington, of Crichel, in the County of Dorset.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to John Tollemache, Esq., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Tollemache, of Helmingham Hall, in the County of Suffolk.
The Queen has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to Sir Robert Tolver Gerard, Bart., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Gerard, of Bryn, in the County Palatine of Lancaster
New Years Appointments.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Dec. 29 Dec 1686. I went to hear the music of the Italians in the new chapel, now first opened publicly at Whitehall Palace for the Popish Service. Nothing can be finer than the magnificent marble work and architecture at the end, where are four statues, representing St. John, St. Peter, St. Paul, and the Church, in white marble, the work of Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721, with all the carving and Pillars of exquisite art and great cost. The altar piece is the Salutation; the volto in fresco, the Assumption of the blessed Virgin, according to their tradition, with our blessed Savior, and a world of figures painted by Verrio. The throne where the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 sit is very glorious, in a closet above, just opposite to the altar. Here we saw the Bishop in his mitre and rich copes, with six or seven Jesuit and others in rich copes, sumptuously habited, often taking off and Putting on the Bishop's mitre, who sat in a chair with arms pontifically, was adored and censed by three Jesuit in their copes; then he went to the altar and made divers cringes, then censing the images and glorious tabernacle placed on the altar, and now and then changing place: the crosier, which was of silver, was put into his hand with a world of mysterious ceremony, the music playing, with singing. I could not have believed I should ever have seen such things in the King of England's palace, after it had pleased God to enlighten this nation; but our great sin has, for the present, eclipsed the blessing, which I hope he will in mercy and his good time restore to its purity.
Little appearance of any winter as yet.

Triple Wedding

Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 and Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 were married at Whitehall Palace. Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 by marriage Countess Oxford (2C 1141).

Around 1650 based on a work of 1575.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604.

Admiralty House, Whitehall Palace

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 Jan. 27 Jan 1689. I dined at the Admiralty House, Whitehall Palace, where was brought in a child not twelve years old, the son of one Andrew Clench -1692, of the most prodigious maturity of knowledge, for I cannot call it altogether memory, but something more extraordinary. Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (55) and myself examined him, not in any method, but with promiscuous questions, which required judgment and discernment to answer so readily and pertinently. There was not anything in chronology, history, geography, the several systems of astronomy, courses of the stars, longitude, latitude, doctrine of the spheres, courses and sources of rivers, creeks, harbors, eminent cities, boundaries and bearings of countries, not only in Europe, but in any other part of the earth, which he did not readily resolve and demonstrate his knowledge of, readily drawing out with a pen anything he would describe. He was able not only to repeat the most famous things which are left us in any of the Greek or Roman histories, monarchies, republics, wars, colonies, exploits by sea and land, but all the sacred stories of the Old and New Testament; the succession of all the monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Greek, Roman, with all the lower Emperors, Popes, Heresiarchs, and Councils, what they were called about, what they determined, or in the controversy about Easter, the tenets of the Gnostics, Sabellians, Arians, Nestorians; the difference between St. Cyprian and Stephen about re-baptism, the schisms. We leaped from that to other things totally different, to Olympic years, and synchronisms; we asked him questions which could not be resolved without considerable meditation and judgment, nay of some particulars of the Civil Laws, of the Digest and Code. He gave a stupendous account of both natural and moral philosophy, and even in metaphysics.
Having thus exhausted ourselves rather than this wonderful child, or angel rather, for he was as beautiful and lovely in countenance as in knowledge, we concluded with asking him if, in all he had read or heard of, he had ever met with anything which was like this expedition of the William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38), with so small a force to obtain three great kingdoms without any contest. After a little thought, he told us that he knew of nothing which did more resemble it than the coming of Constantine the Great out of Britain, through France and Italy, so tedious a march, to meet Maxentius, whom he overthrew at Pons Milvius with very little conflict, and at the very gates of Rome, which he entered and was received with triumph, and obtained the empire, not of three kingdoms only, but of all the then known world. He was perfect in the Latin authors, spoke French naturally, and gave us a description of France, Italy, Savoy, Spain, ancient and modernly divided; as also of ancient Greece, Scythia, and northern countries and tracts: we left questioning further. He did this without any set or formal repetitions, as one who had learned things without book, but as if he minded other things, going about the room, and toying with a parrot there, and as he was at dinner (tanquam aliua agens, as it were) seeming to be full of play, of a lively, sprightly temper, always smiling, and exceedingly pleasant, without the least levity, rudeness, or childishness.
His Andrew Clench -1692 assured us he never imposed anything to charge his memory by causing him to get things by heart, not even the rules of grammar; but his tutor (who was a Frenchman) read to him, first in French, then in Latin; that he usually played among other boys four or five hours every day, and that he was as earnest at his play as at his study. He was perfect in arithmetic, and now newly entered into Greek. In sum (horresco referens), I had read of divers forward and precocious youths, and some I have known, but I never did either hear or read of anything like to this sweet child, if it be right to call him child who has more knowledge than most men in the world. I counseled his father not to set his heart too much on this jewel, "Immodicis brevis est ætas, et rara senectus," as I myself learned by sad experience in my most dear child Richard, many years since, who, dying before he was six years old, was both in shape and countenance and pregnancy of learning, next to a prodigy.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

On 20 Oct 1789 Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (86) died in Admiralty House, Whitehall Palace.

Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace

Masque of Blackness

On 06 Jan 1605, Twelfth Night, the Ben Johnson 1572-1637 Masque of Blackness was performed at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace. The performers included:
Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30)
Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (25)
Lady Herbert
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (29)
Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (42)
Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (41)
Frances Knyvet 1566-1605 (39)
Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603
Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22)
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (17)
Mary Sidney 1587-1653 (18)
Audrey Shelton 1568-1624.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30).

Around 1606 John Critz 1551-1642 (55). Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (26).

Around 1615 William Larkin 1582-1619 (33). Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (35).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627.

Around 1616 William Larkin 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (52).

In 1590 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (39). Portrait of Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (40).

In 1619 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (29). Portrait of Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (36).

Masque of Beauty

On 10 Jan 1608 the Ben Johnson 1572-1637 Masque of Beauty was performed at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace to celebrate the completion of its refurburbishment. James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (41) attended.
The performers included:
Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (33)
Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel (23)
Catherine Brydges Countess Bedford 1580-1657 (28)
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (32)
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (20)
Lettice Perrot Baroness Chichester 1560-1620 (48)
Audrey Shelton 1568-1624
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33)
Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (17)
Elizabeth Barkham Baronetess Garrard 1593-1632 (15)
Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (18)
Elizabeth Cecil 1578-1646 (30)
Mary Neville 7th Baroness Bergavenny, 3rd Baroness Despencer 1554-1626 (54)
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33)
Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (33).

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

Around 1616 William Larkin 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (25).

Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid

On 09 Feb 1608 John Ramsay 1st Earl Holderness 1580-1626 (28) and Elizabeth Radclyffe -1618 were married at Whitehall Palace. James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (41) gave the bride away and sent the bride a gold cup containing a grant of lands worth an income of £600 per year, also paid off Ramsay's debts of £10,000.
The marriage was celebrated with the Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid in the evening of 09 Feb 1608 at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace written by Ben Johnson 1572-1637
The principal masquers, nobles and gentlemen of the Court, appeared in the guise of the twelve signs of the Zodiac; the men, five English and seven Scottish courtiers, were:
Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (33)
Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (21)
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (23)
William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 (27)
Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox 1579-1624 (29)
Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 (25)
James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (28)
Robert Crichton 8th Lord Sanquhar -1612
John Kennedy, Master of Mar
Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (20)
Mr Erskine.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (45).

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (31).

In 1630 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (40). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (43) and wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640 (51). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (42).

In 1634 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (44). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49) wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49).

Around 1615 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Before 1630 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648. Portrait of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630.

1624. Unknown Artist. Portrait of James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (44).

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (41). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (43).

Around 1632 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (42). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (44).

In 1633 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (43). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (45).

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (45).

Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Investiture of new Peers

On 20 Apr 1661 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 personally a couple of days before Charles's coronation on the 23rd, with Charles investing the newly created earl with a mantle, a sword and belt, and a cap and coronet at Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace during the Investiture of new Peers. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan -1664 by marriage Countess Cardigan.

John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 11 Jan 1682. I saw the audience of the Morocco Ambassador, his retinue not numerous. He was received in the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, both their Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51) being present. He came up to the throne without making any sort of reverence, not bowing his head, or body. He spoke by a renegado Englishman, for whose safe return there was a promise. They were all clad in the Moorish habit, cassocks of colored cloth, or silk, with buttons and loops, over this an alhaga, or white woolen mantle, so large as to wrap both head and body, a sash, or small turban, naked-legged and armed, but with leather socks like the Turks, rich scymetar, and large calico sleeved shirts. The Ambassador had a string of pearls oddly woven in his turban. I fancy the old Roman habit was little different as to the mantle and naked limbs. He was a handsome person, well featured, of a wise look, subtle, and extremely civil. Their presents were lions and ostriches; their errand about a peace at Tangier. But the concourse and tumult of the people was intolerable, so as the officers could keep no order, which these strangers were astonished at first, there being nothing so regular, exact, and performed with such silence, as is on all these public occasions of their country, and indeed over all the Turkish dominions.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Oct. 18 Oct 1685. The James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) was now building all that range from East to West by ye Court and Garden to the streete, and making a new Chapel for ye Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (27), whose lodgings were to be in this new building, as also a new Council chamber and offices next ye South end of yc Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace. I returned home next morning to London.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. François de Troy 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Dec. 18 Dec 1685. I din'd at the greate entertainment his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) gave ye Venetian Ambassadors, Sign. Zenno and Justiniani, accompanied with 10 more noble Venetians of their most illustrious families, Cornaro, Maccenigo, &c. who came to congratulate their Maties coming to ye Crowne. The dinner was most magnificent and plentifull, at four tables, with music, kettle drums, and trumpets, wcb sounded upon a whistle at every health. The banquet [desert] was 12 vast chargers pil'd up so high that those who sat one against another could hardly see each other. Of these sweetemeates, weh doubtless were some days piling up in that exquisite manner, the Ambassadors touch'd not, but leaving them to ye spectators who came out of curiosity to see the dinner, were exceedingly pleas'd to see in what a moment of time all that curious work was demolished, the comfitures voided, and the tables clear'd. Thus his Ma* entertain'd them three days, which (for the table only) cost him £600, as the Clerk of the Green Cloth cloth (William Boreman 1612-1686 (73)) assur'd me. Dinner ended, I saw their procession or cavalcade to Whitehall, innumerable coaches attending. The two Ambass. had 4 coaches of their owne and 50 footemen (as I remember), besides other equipage as splendid as ye occasion would permitt, the Court being still in mourning. Thence I went to the audience wch they had in the Queene's presence chamber, the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace being full of goods and furniture till the galleries on the garden side, Council chamber, and new Chapell now in building, were finish'd. They went to their audience in those plain black gownes and caps which they constantly weare in the Citty of Venice. I was invited to have accompanied the 2 Ambassadors in their coach to supper that night, returning now to their own lodgings, as no longer at the King's expence; but being weary I excus'd myself.

Coronation William III and Mary II

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 Apr. 11 Apr 1689. I saw the procession to and from the Westminster Abbey, with the great feast in Westminster Hall, at the Coronation William III and Mary II. What was different from former coronations, was some alteration in the coronation oath. Gilbert Burnet Bishop Salisbury 1643-1715 (45), now made Bishop of Sarum, preached with great applause. The Parliament men had scaffolds and places which took up the one whole side of the Westminster Hall. When the William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) and Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) had dined, the ceremony of the Champion, and other services by tenure were performed. The Parliament men were feasted in the Exchequer chamber, and had each of them a gold medal given them, worth five-and-forty shillings. On the one side were the effigies of the King and Queen inclining one to the other; on the reverse was Jupiter throwing a bolt at Phäeton the words, "Ne totus absumatur": which was but dull, seeing they might have had out of the poet something as apposite. The sculpture was very mean.
Much of the splendor of the proceeding was abated by the absence of divers who should have contributed to it, there being but five Bishops, four Judges (no more being yet sworn), and several noblemen and great ladies wanting; the feast, however, was magnificent. The next day the House of Commons went and kissed their new Majesties' hands in the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Around 1675 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (41). Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop Salisbury 1643-1715 (31).

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687. Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop Salisbury 1643-1715.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1676 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (57). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (13).

Around 1686 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (23).

Death of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.
On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey. Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) preached the sermon.
She had reigned for five years. Her husband William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (44) continued to reign for a further eight years.

Whitehall Palace Fire

On 04 Jan 1698 Whitehall Palace was burned to the ground. The only remaining building was the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, Old Horseguards, Whitehall Palace and Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, Old Horseguards, Whitehall Palace and Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Chapel Royal, Whitehall Palace

Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

On 14 Feb 1613 Frederick Palatinate-Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632 (16) and Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (16) were married at Chapel Royal, Whitehall Palace.
A grand occasion that saw more royalty than ever visit the court of England. The marriage was an enormously popular match and was the occasion for an outpouring of public affection with the ceremony described as "a wonder of ceremonial and magnificence even for that extravagant age".
It was celebrated with lavish and sophisticated festivities both in London and Heidelberg, including mass feasts and lavish furnishings that cost nearly £50,000, and nearly bankrupted King James. Among many celebratory writings of the events was John Donne's "Epithalamion, Or Marriage Song on the Lady Elizabeth, and Count Palatine being married on St Valentine's Day". .

In 1635 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (42). Portrait of Frederick Palatinate-Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632.

In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (45).

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 who died on 07 Feb 1612.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Apr. 17 Apr 1685. Good Friday. Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (48) preached at the new church at St James' Church, St James', on 1 Cor. 16, 22, upon the infinite love of God to us, which he illustrated in many instances. The holy Sacrament followed, at which I participated. The Lord make me thankfull. In tbe after noone Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (50), preached in Chapel Royal, Whitehall Palace, the auditory very full of Lords, the two Archbishops, and many others, now drawne to towne upon the occasion of the Coronation and ensuing Parliament. I supp'd with the Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715 (39) and Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (39), and return'd home.

Before 1666 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715. One of the Windsor Beauties.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 May. 20 May 1688. I went to Chapel Royal, Whitehall Palace, where, after the morning lessons, the Declaration was read by one of the choir who used to read the chapters. I hear it was in the Westminster Abbey, but almost universally forborne throughout all London: the consequences of which a little time will show.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Fife House, Whitehall Palace

In 1809 James Duff 2nd Earl Fife 1729-1809 (79) died without issue at Fife House, Whitehall Palace. His Brother Alexander Duff 3rd Earl Fife 1731-1811 (77) succeeded 3rd Earl Fife.

Harper's, Whitehall Palace

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1660 Jan. 31 Jan 1660.
In the morning I fell to my lute till 9 o’clock. Then to my Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (34) lodgings and set out a barrel of soap to be carried to Mrs. Ann. Here I met with Nick Bartlet, one that had been a servant of my Lord’s at sea and at Harper's, Whitehall Palace gave him his morning draft. So to my office where I paid; 1200l. to Mr. Frost and at noon went to Will’s to give one of the Excise office a pot of ale that came to-day to tell over a bag of his that wanted; 7l. in it, which he found over in another bag. Then home and dined with my wife when in came Mr. Hawly newly come from shipboard from his master, and brought me a letter of direction what to do in his lawsuit with Squib about his house and office. After dinner to Westminster Hall, where all we clerks had orders to wait upon the Committee, at the Star Chamber that is to try Colonel Jones, and were to give an account what money we had paid him; but the Committee did not sit to-day. Hence to Will’s, where I sat an hour or two with Mr. Godfrey Austin, a scrivener in King Street.

Here I met and afterwards bought the answer to George Monck 1st Duke Albermarle 1608-1670 (51) letter, which is a very good one, and I keep it by me.

Thence to Mrs. Jem, where I found her maid in bed in a fit of the ague, and Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich 1625-1674 (35) among the people below at work and by and by she came up hot and merry, as if they had given her wine, at which I was troubled, but said nothing.

After a game at cards, I went home and wrote by the post and coming back called in at Harper’s and drank with Mr. Pulford, servant to Mr. Waterhouse, who tells me, that whereas my Lord Fleetwood should have answered to the Parliament to-day, he wrote a letter and desired a little more time, he being a great way out of town. And how that he is quite ashamed of himself, and conFesses how he had deserved this, for his baseness to his brother. And that he is like to pay part of the money, paid out of the Exchequer during the Committee of Safety, out of his own purse again, which I am glad of. Home and to bed, leaving my wife reading in Polixandre. I could find nothing in George Downing 1st Baronet Downing 1625-1684 (35) letter, which Hawly brought me, concerning my office; but I could discern that Hawly had a mind that I would get to be Clerk of the Council, I suppose that he might have the greater salary; but I think it not safe yet to change this for a public employment.

Around 1650 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (31). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (24).

Around 1662 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (43). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (36) in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albermarle 1608-1670.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albermarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.

Horseguards, Whitehall Palace

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, New Horseguards, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, New Horseguards, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, Old Horseguards, Whitehall Palace and Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, Old Horseguards, Whitehall Palace and Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Montagu House, Whitehall Palace

On 02 May 1767 Henry Scott 3rd Duke Buccleuch 1746-1812 (20) and Elizabeth Montagu Duchess Buccleuch 1743-1827 (23) were married at Montagu House, Whitehall Palace. Elizabeth Montagu Duchess Buccleuch 1743-1827 (23) by marriage 3rd Duchess Buccleuch.

Privy Gardens, Whitehall Palace

Earl of Rochester's House, Privy Gardens, Whitehall Palace

On 05 Apr 1720 Francis Scott 2nd Duke Buccleuch 1695-1751 (25) and Jane Douglas Duchess Buccleuch -1729 were married (he was her Second-Cousin) at Earl of Rochester's House, Privy Gardens, Whitehall Palace. Jane Douglas Duchess Buccleuch -1729 by marriage Countess Dalkeith.

Royal Gardens, Whitehall Palace

Pre-Coronation Knights

On 23 Jul 1603 James Calthorpe 1558-1615 (44), Thomas Gresham 1547-1630 (56) and George Fane of Burston 1581-1640 (22) were knighted at Royal Gardens, Whitehall Palace.

Scotland Yard, Whitehall Palace

In 1611 John Eyre 1580-1639 (31) and Dorothy Bulstrode 1592-1590 (19) attempted to murder Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury 1582-1648 (28) who he suspected of having an affair with his wife. John Eyre 1580-1639 (31) and four accomplices caught up with Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury 1582-1648 (28) and his two footmen at Scotland Yard, Whitehall Palace as he was leaving Whitehall Palace, and wounded his horse several times. Eyre broke Herbert's sword. Twenty more men appeared, Herbert thought them Eyre's supporters and attendants of the Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (49). Two other men helped Herbert, and after a prolonged struggle he wounded Eyre, who was carried to the Thames vomiting. A few days later Eyre sent a message that he would kill Herbert with "a musket out of a window". Meanwhile, because Eyre claimed Dorothy had conFessd to being unfaithful, she sent a letter to her aunt Lady Croke denying this, and Herbert was able to give this letter to the Privy Council. The Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (36) said that John Eyre was "the most miserable man living" because of the shame of Dorothy's letter, and because his father had disinherited him on hearing of the assault.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

In 1598 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (36).

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (45).

Whitehall Chapel