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Duke Exeter to Leeds

Duke Exeter

Duke Exeter (1C 1397)

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 .
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397) . Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) .
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey . .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 . Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397) .
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397) , 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397) . Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397) .
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397) . Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397) . Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397) .

In 1416 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (20) was restored 2nd Duke Exeter (1C 1397)

On 06 Mar 1427 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (31) and Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 were married (he was her second-cousin). Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) .

On 20 Jan 1433 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (37) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Exeter 1382-1439 (51) were married . Beatrice Aviz Duchess Exeter 1382-1439 (51) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) .

After 25 Oct 1439 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (44) and Anne Montagu Duchess Exeter -1457 were married . Anne Montagu Duchess Exeter -1457 by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) .

On 05 Aug 1447 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (52) died at Stepney, Middlesex . He was buried at the Church of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill, City of London . His son Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (17) succeeded as 3rd Duke Exeter (1C 1397) , 3rd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388) . Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (7) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) .

Duke Gloucester

Duke Gloucester (5C 1928)

On 31 Mar 1928 Henry Windsor 1st Duke Gloucester 1900-1974 (28) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (5C 1928) .

On 06 Nov 1935 Henry Windsor 1st Duke Gloucester 1900-1974 (35) and Alice Christabel Montagu-Douglas-Scott Duchess Gloucester 1901-2004 (33) were married at Buckingham Palace, Westminster . Alice Christabel Montagu-Douglas-Scott Duchess Gloucester 1901-2004 (33) by marriage Duchess Gloucester (5C 1928) .

On 10 Jun 1974 Henry Windsor 1st Duke Gloucester 1900-1974 (74) died . His son Richard Alexander Walter Windsor 2nd Duke Gloucester 1944- succeeded as 2nd Duke Gloucester (5C 1928) .

Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh

On 19 Nov 1764 William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (20) was created 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh and 1st Earl Connaught .

In 1766 William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (22) and Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1736-1807 (29) were married at Pall Mall, St James', Westminster . Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1736-1807 (29) by marriage Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh .

On 25 Aug 1805 William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (61) died . His son William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1834 (29) succeeded as 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh , 2nd Earl Connaught

On 22 Jul 1816 William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1834 (40) and Mary Hanover Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1857 (40) were married (he was her first-cousin) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster . Mary Hanover Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1857 (40) by marriage Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh .

Duke Grafton

1936 Limerick Grand Prix

On 04 Aug 1936 John Charles William Fitzroy 9th Duke Grafton 1914-1936 (22) was killed racing his Bugatti at Limerick, County Limerick during the Limerick Grand Prix. His first-cousin once-removed Charles Alfred Euston Fitzroy 10th Duke Grafton 1892-1970 (44) succeeded as 10th Duke Grafton

Duke Grafton (1C 1675)

In 1675 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (11) was created 1st Duke Grafton (1C 1675) . Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (19) by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

Storming of Cork

On 09 Oct 1690 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (27) was killed at Cork, County Cork during the Storming of Cork . His son Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (6) succeeded as 2nd Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 2nd Earl Euston , 2nd Viscount Ipswich , 2nd Baron Sudbury

On 30 Apr 1713 Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (29) and Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton 1690-1726 (22) were married . Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton 1690-1726 (22) by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 06 May 1757 Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (73) died . His grandson Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton 1735-1811 (21) succeeded as 3rd Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 3rd Earl Euston , 3rd Viscount Ipswich , 3rd Baron Sudbury . Anne Liddell Duchess Grafton 1737-1804 (20) by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 24 Jun 1769 Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton 1735-1811 (33) and Elizabeth Wrottesley Duchess Grafton 1745-1822 (23) were married . Elizabeth Wrottesley Duchess Grafton 1745-1822 (23) by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 14 Mar 1811 Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton 1735-1811 (75) died . His son George Henry Fitzroy 4th Duke Grafton 1760-1844 (51) succeeded as 4th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 4th Earl Euston , 4th Viscount Ipswich , 4th Baron Sudbury . Charlotte Maria Waldegrave Duchess Grafton 1761-1808 by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

In 1780 Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788 (56) .Known as The Ladies Waldegrave.From left to right three sisters: Charlotte Maria Waldegrave Duchess Grafton 1761-1808 (18) , Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave 1760-1816 (19) and Anne Horatia Waldegrave 1762-1801 (18) .Believed to have been commissioned by their mother in the hope of atracyting suitors since at the time of the painting all three were unmarried.All three did subsequently marry.

On 20 Jun 1812 Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton 1790-1863 (22) and Mary Caroline Berkeley Duchess Grafton 1795-1873 (17) were married at Portugal . Mary Caroline Berkeley Duchess Grafton 1795-1873 (17) by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 28 Sep 1844 George Henry Fitzroy 4th Duke Grafton 1760-1844 (84) died . His son Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton 1790-1863 (54) succeeded as 5th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 5th Earl Euston , 5th Viscount Ipswich , 5th Baron Sudbury .

On 26 Mar 1863 Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton 1790-1863 (73) died . On 26 Mar 1863 His son William Henry Fitzroy 6th Duke Grafton 1819-1882 (43) succeeded as 6th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 6th Earl Euston , 6th Viscount Ipswich , 6th Baron Sudbury . Marie Anne Louise Baring Duchess Grafton by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 21 May 1882 William Henry Fitzroy 6th Duke Grafton 1819-1882 (62) died . His brother Augustus Charles Lennox Fitzroy 7th Duke Grafton 1821-1918 (60) succeeded as 7th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 7th Earl Euston , 7th Viscount Ipswich , 7th Baron Sudbury . Anne Balfour Duchess Grafton 1825-1857 by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 04 Dec 1918 Augustus Charles Lennox Fitzroy 7th Duke Grafton 1821-1918 (97) died in Wakefield Lodge, Pottersbury, Northamptonshire . His son Alfred Fitzroy 8th Duke Grafton 1850-1930 (68) succeeded as 8th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 8th Earl Euston , 8th Viscount Ipswich , 8th Baron Sudbury . Susanna Mary Mctaggart-Stewart Duchess Grafton by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 10 Jan 1930 Alfred Fitzroy 8th Duke Grafton 1850-1930 (79) died . His grandson John Charles William Fitzroy 9th Duke Grafton 1914-1936 (15) succeeded as 9th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 9th Earl Euston , 9th Viscount Ipswich , 9th Baron Sudbury .

On 11 Nov 1970 Charles Alfred Euston Fitzroy 10th Duke Grafton 1892-1970 (78) died . His son Hugh Denis Charles Fitzroy 11th Duke Grafton 1919-2011 (51) succeeded as 11th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 11th Earl Euston , 11th Viscount Ipswich , 11th Baron Sudbury . Ann Fortune Smith Duchess Grafton 1920- by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

On 07 Apr 2011 Hugh Denis Charles Fitzroy 11th Duke Grafton 1919-2011 (92) died at Euston Hall, Euston, Suffolk . His grandson Henry Fitzroy 12th Duke Grafton 1978- succeeded as 12th Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 12th Earl Euston , 12th Viscount Ipswich , 12th Baron Sudbury . Olivia Staden Duchess Grafton by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

Rita Emily Carr-Elison Duchess Grafton by marriage Duchess Grafton (1C 1675) .

Duke Kendal

Duke Kendal (2C 1719)

On 19 Mar 1719 Melusine Schulenburg 1st Duchess Munster, 1st Duchess Kendal 1667-1743 (51) was created 1st Duke Kendal (2C 1719) , 1st Earl Feversham (2C 1719) , 1st Baron Glastonbury

Duke Kent

Duke Kent (1C 1710)

In 1710 Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent 1671-1740 (39) was created 1st Duke Kent (1C 1710) , 1st Marquess Kent , 1st Viscount Gooderich . Jemima Crew Marchioness Kent 1675-1728 (35) by marriage Marchioness Kent .

Before 1723 . Charles D'Agar 1669-1723 (53) . Portrait of Jemima Crew Marchioness Kent 1675-1728 (47) .

On 24 Mar 1729 Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent 1671-1740 (58) and Sophia Bentinck Duchess Kent 1701-1741 (27) were married . Sophia Bentinck Duchess Kent 1701-1741 (27) by marriage Duchess Kent (1C 1710) .

On 05 Jun 1740 Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent 1671-1740 (69) died without surviving male issue. Duke Kent (1C 1710) became extinct. On 05 Jun 1740 His granddaughter Jemima Campbell 2nd Marchioness Kent 1723-1797 (16) succeeded as 2nd Marquess Kent .

Duke Kent (2C 1934)

On 09 Oct 1934 George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1897-1942 (37) was created 1st Duke Kent (2C 1934) .

On 12 Oct 1934 George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1897-1942 (37) and Marina Gl├╝cksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) were married (he was her second-cousin) at Westminster Abbey . Marina Gl├╝cksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) by marriage Duchess Kent (2C 1934) .

Dunbeath Air Crash

On 25 Aug 1942 George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1897-1942 (45) and Michael Strutt 1914-1942 (28) died in a plane crash at Dunbeath . Edward Windsor 2nd Duke Kent 1935- succeeded as 2nd Duke Kent (2C 1934) .

Duke Lancaster

Duke Lancaster (2C 1362)

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362 , the day after his fiftieth birthday, Edward III King England 1312-1377 (50) created two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362) . John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362) .

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362) .His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral . Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362) .

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire . Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London . His grandson Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) succeeded as 3rd Earl Derby (2C 1337) .
His son Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded as 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362) , 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265) . Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362) .
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Duke Leeds

On 25 Apr 1682 Peregrine Osborne 2nd Duke Leeds 1659-1729 (23) and Bridget Hyde Duchess Leeds 1662-1734 (20) were married . Bridget Hyde Duchess Leeds 1662-1734 (20) by marriage Duchess Leeds .

Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven

In 1694 Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (61) was created 1st Duke Leeds by William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (43) in recognition of Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (61) 's support of the Glorious Revolution he having been one of the signatories of the Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven . Bridget Bertie Duchess Leeds 1629-1704 (65) by marriage Duchess Leeds .

On 26 Jul 1712 Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (80) died . His son Peregrine Osborne 2nd Duke Leeds 1659-1729 (53) succeeded as 2nd Duke Leeds .

On 25 Jun 1729 Peregrine Osborne 2nd Duke Leeds 1659-1729 (70) died . His son Peregrine Osborne 3rd Duke Leeds 1691-1731 (37) succeeded as 3rd Duke Leeds . Anne Seymour Duchess Leeds 1709-1722 by marriage Duchess Leeds .

On 09 May 1731 Peregrine Osborne 3rd Duke Leeds 1691-1731 (39) died . His son Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (17) succeeded as 4th Duke Leeds .

On 26 Jun 1740 Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (26) and Mary Godolphin Duchess Leeds -1764 were married . Mary Godolphin Duchess Leeds -1764 by marriage Duchess Leeds .

On 23 Mar 1789 Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (75) died at St James' Square, St James', Westminster . He was buried at Osbourne Family Chapel, All Hallows' Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire . His son Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds 1751-1799 (38) succeeded as 5th Duke Leeds .

On 31 Jan 1799 Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds 1751-1799 (48) died . His son George William Frederick Osborne 6th Duke Leeds 1775-1838 (23) succeeded as 6th Duke Leeds . Charlotte Townshend Duchess Leeds 1776-1856 (22) by marriage Duchess Leeds .

On 10 Jul 1838 George William Frederick Osborne 6th Duke Leeds 1775-1838 (62) died . His son Francis Godolphin Osborne 7th Duke Leeds 1798-1859 (40) succeeded as 7th Duke Leeds , 14th Baron Darcy Knayth , 11th Baron Conyers .

On 04 May 1859 Francis Godolphin Osborne 7th Duke Leeds 1798-1859 (60) died . He was buried at Osbourne Family Chapel, All Hallows' Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire . His first-cousin George Godolphin Osborne 8th Duke Leeds 1802-1872 (56) succeeded as 8th Duke Leeds , 15th Baron Darcy Knayth , 12th Baron Conyers . Harriet Emma Leveson-Gower Duchess Leeds 1800-1852 by marriage Duchess Leeds . His nephew Sackville George Lane-Fox 15th Baron Darcy Knayth, 12th Baron Conyers 1827-1888 (31) succeeded as 15th Baron Darcy Knayth , 12th Baron Conyers .

On 08 Aug 1872 George Godolphin Osborne 8th Duke Leeds 1802-1872 (70) died . His son George Godolphin Osborne 9th Duke Leeds 1828-1895 (43) succeeded as 9th Duke Leeds , 16th Baron Darcy Knayth , 13th Baron Conyers , 3rd Baron Godolphin (3C 1832) . Fanny Georgiana Pitt-rivers Duchess Leeds 1836-1896 (35) by marriage Duchess Leeds .

On 23 Dec 1895 George Godolphin Osborne 9th Duke Leeds 1828-1895 (67) died at Hornby Castle, Hornby, Yorkshire . His son George Godolphin Osborne 10th Duke Leeds 1862-1927 (33) succeeded as 10th Duke Leeds , 17th Baron Darcy Knayth , 14th Baron Conyers , 4th Baron Godolphin (3C 1832) . Katherine Frances Lambton Duchess Leeds 1862-1952 (33) by marriage Duchess Leeds .