Kings, Queens, Queen Consorts and Princes of England, Great Britain and United Kingdom

King England

King England: Norman

Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

On 25 Dec 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) was crowned I King England: Norman at Westminster Abbey by Ealdred Unknown Archbishop York -1069.

King William "The Conqueror" Dies King William II Succeeds

On 09 Sep 1087 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (59) died at the Priory of St Gervaise, Rouen. He was buried at Abbaye-aux-Hommes, Caen, Calvados, Basse Normandie at a ceremony presided over by Gilbert Arques Bishop Evreux. King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (19) attended. His son William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 (31) succeeded as II King England: Norman. His son Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 (36) succeeded as III Duke Normandy. Marguerite Maine Countess Essex 1045-1063 by marriage Countess Essex (1C 1139).

On 26 Sep 1087 William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 (31) was crowned II King England: Norman.

Death of William Rufus

On 02 Aug 1100 William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 (44) was killed whilst hunting, not known whether accidentally or otherwise, in the New Forest, Hampshire. His brother King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (32) succeeded as I King England: Norman. The brothers Robert Beaumont 1st Earl Leicester, Count Meulan 1040-1118 (60) and Henry Beaumont 1st Earl Warwick 1050-1119 (50), and Roger Clare 1066-1131 (34) and Gilbert Clare 1066-1117 (34) were present.
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Coronation of Henry I

Around 25 Jul 1101 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (33) was crowned I King England: Norman by Maurice Unknown Bishop London -1107 at Westminster Abbey. .

King England: Blois

Coronation of King Stephen

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41) was crowned I King England: Blois at Westminster Abbey by William de Corbeil Archbishop of Canterbury.

King England: Plantagenet

King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Death of King Stephen

On 25 Oct 1154 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (60) died at Priory of St Martin, Dover, Kent. His first-cousin once-removed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) succeeded as II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. His son Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne 1130-1153 succeeded as IV Count Boulogne.

Coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.

Death of Henry II

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present. He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. His heart was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen. His son Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) succeeded as I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard I

On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown.The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population.Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend.When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle, Domfront.During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was shot by a crossbow.The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (77). John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) succeeded as I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of King John

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey. .

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle, Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire. His son Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded as III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.
On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).
King John’s will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it.Translation of the will taken from an article by Professor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:
I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and determine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.
In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté”.
The signatories were:
Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 – 1227) Papal Legate
Peter des Roches (? – 1238), Bishop of Winchester
Richard le Poer (? – 1237), Bishop of Chichester
Sylvester of Worcester (? ����� 1218), Bishop of Worcester
Aimery de St-Maur (? - ?1219), Master of the English Templars
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70)
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (46)
William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (48)
William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer
Walter de Lacy (ca 1172–1241) Lord of Meath
John: (1182 – 1248) Lord of Monmouth
Savaric de Mauléon (? – 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205
Falkes de Bréauté (? – 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri 1150-1227 (66) presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester -1218 and Simon Apulia Bishop Exeter -1223 anointed the King.The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury 1150-1228 (70) presided.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster. His son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded as I King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England. .

Siege of Conwy Castle

In Dec 1294 Madog ap Llywelyn besieged King England: Plantagenet Angevin in Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales for three months.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. His son King Edward II of England (23) succeeded as II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
Edward (68) had gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned as Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. His son King Edward III England (14) succeeded as III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III England (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury..

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey. He was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.His grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded as II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Richard II Abdication

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400 (40), William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409 (29), Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.

King England: Plantagenet Lancaster

Richard II Abdication

On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded as V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable. .
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (23) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414). .

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body of Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) back to England. His son His only child Henry succeeded as VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. .

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted..

Re-adeption of Henry VI

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (48) was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (50) was released..

King England: Plantagenet York

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) usurped IV King England: Plantagenet York.

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster. His son Edward V King England 1470- succeeded as V King England: Plantagenet York. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

King England: Tudor

King England and Ireland: Tudor

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey. His son Henry VIII (17) succeeded as VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Death of Henry VIII

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace. His son Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) succeeded as VI King England and Ireland: Tudor.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Coronation Edward VI

On 20 Feb 1547 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) was crowned VI King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey.
John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (62) was appointed as Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (34) was appointed as Lord High Constable.
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (18) and William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) were created Knight of the Bath.
Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1561 (33), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, William Sharington 1495-1553 (52),John Shelton 1503-1558 (44) and Walter Buckler -1556 were knighted.
Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (39) attended as the King's Champion.

King England and Ireland: Tudor

On 19 Jul 1553 Lady Jane Grey (17) abdicated I King England and Ireland: Grey (Disputed). Her first-cousin once-removed Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) succeeded as I King England and Ireland: Tudor.

Coronation of Mary I

On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) carried the Sword of State.
John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582 (20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal, 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 (20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings 1515- and John Leigh 1502-1564 (51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (28) attended.

Death of Mary I

On 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (42) died of smallpox at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster. Her sister Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (25) succeeded as I King England and Ireland: Tudor. William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (31) was deputed with informing Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (31).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola 1532-1625 (41). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (45).

Around 1560 Antonis Mor 1517-1577 (43). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (32).

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 15 Jan 1559 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (25) was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor by Owen Oglethorpe Bishop Carlisle 1507-1559 (52) at Westminster Abbey.
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Nicholas Heath Archbishop York 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (51) attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1562 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (42). Portrait of Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (22). The Arms top left not Audley. Neither is the motto partially showing.

In 1550 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (30). Portrait Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (37) with the motto Invidia Torquet Autorem meaning Let envy torment its author.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist.Anglo-Netherlandish.Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (52).

King England Scotland and Ireland

King England Scotland and Ireland Stuart

King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart

Death of Queen Elizabeth

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey around three in the morning.
Her first-cousin twice-removed James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded as I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1571 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (61). Portrait known as "Lady in her Bath" believed to depict Diane de Poitiers or Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.French.Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

James 1st Crowned

On 25 Jul 1603 James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed as Lord High Steward.
Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (23) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631 (29), Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15), Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

Death of James I

On 27 Mar 1625 James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (58) died at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire. His son Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) succeeded as I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service.She watched Charles at a discreet distance.
Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (52) carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (3) bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.
William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (8),James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (19), Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666 (24), John Maynard 1592-1658 (34) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32) and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32) and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32).

Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680 (28). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (29) although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (27) and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby 1599-1664 (35) and their daughter.

On 29 May 1660 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was restored as II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

Coronation Charles II

On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44),Francis Fane -1691 and Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) were appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 (55) was knighted.
Josceline Percy 11th Earl Northumberland 1644-1670 (16) attended.

Death of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace, Westminster. His brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) succeeded as II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) by marriages Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
His brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (83), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. François de Troy 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (52). Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52).

Around 1688 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (55). Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

Coronation James II and Mary

On 23 Apr 1685 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart by William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) crowned Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) preached the sermon.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey.
Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (21) was appointed as Lord High Constable.

Abdication of James II

On 23 Dec 1688 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55) abdicated II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. His daughter Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) succeeded as II King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary. His nephew William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) succeeded as IIi King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary.

On 08 Mar 1702 William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (51) died. His first-cousin Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) succeeded as I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

Queen Anne Accession

On 23 Apr 1702 Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (65).

King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary

Abdication of James II

On 23 Dec 1688 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55) abdicated II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. His daughter Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) succeeded as II King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary. His nephew William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) succeeded as IIi King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary.

Coronation William III and Mary II

On 11 Apr 1689 William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) and Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) were crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: William and Mary at Westminster Abbey.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (33) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports.
George Compton 4th Earl Northampton 1664-1727 (24) bore the King's sceptre and cross at Westminster Abbey. .

King Great Britain and Ireland

King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover

Death of Queen Anne

On 01 Aug 1714 Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (49) died at Kensington Palace, Kensington, Kensington. Her second-cousin George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) succeeded as I King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover. Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 1666-1726 (47) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Coronation George I

On 20 Oct 1714 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) was crowned I King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (78).
Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (30) was appointed as Lord High Steward.

On 11 Jun 1727 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (67) died. His son George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) succeeded as II King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover. Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (44) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Coronation of George II

On 22 Oct 1727 George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) was crowned II King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.

On 25 Oct 1760 George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (76) died at Kensington Palace, Kensington, Kensington. His grandson George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (22) succeeded as III King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover.

Coronation of George III

On 22 Sep 1761 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Compton 7th Earl Northampton 1737-1763 (24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.
William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot 1710-1782 (51) was appointed as Lord High Steward.

King United Kingdom: Hanover

On 29 Jan 1820 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (81) died at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. His son George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (57) succeeded as IV King United Kingdom: Hanover. Caroline Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51) by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1798. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830 (28). Portrait of Caroline Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (29).

Coronation of George IV

On 19 Jul 1821 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (58) was crowned IV King United Kingdom: Hanover.
William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858 (31) carried the Orb at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshall as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 (54).
Edward Boscawen 1st Earl Falmouth 1787-1841 (34) was created 1st Earl Falmouth (2C 1821).

Death of King George IV

On 26 Jun 1830 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (67) died. His brother William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64) succeeded as IV King United Kingdom: Hanover. Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England.

Coronation of William IV

On 08 Sep 1831 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (66) was crowned IV King United Kingdom: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshall as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 being ill.

On 20 Jun 1837 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (71) died at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. His niece Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901 (18) succeeded as I King United Kingdom: Hanover. His brother Ernest Augustus King Hanover 1771-1851 (66) succeeded as King Hanover. Frederica Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover (59) by marriage Queen Consort Hanover.

Coronation of Queen Victoria

On 28 Jun 1838 Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19) was crowned I King United Kingdom: Hanover.

King United Kingdom

King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor

Death of Queen Victoria

On 22 Jan 1901 Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901 (81) died at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, Hampshire. Her son Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (59) succeeded as VII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor.

Coronation of Edward VII

On 09 Aug 1902 Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (60) was crowned VII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor at Westminster Abbey.

On 06 May 1910 Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (68) died. His son George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (44) succeeded as V King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor. Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England 1867-1953 (42) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 22 Jun 1911 George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (46) was crowned V King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor.

On 20 Jan 1936 George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (70) died. His son Edward VIII King United Kingdom 1894-1972 (41) succeeded as VIII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor.

Abdication of Edward VIII

On 11 Dec 1936 Edward VIII King United Kingdom 1894-1972 (42) abdicated VIII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor. His brother George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (40) succeeded as VI King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor at York Cottage, Sandringham Estate, Sandringham, Norfolk.

On 12 May 1937 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (41) was crowned VI King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor at Westminster Abbey.

On 06 Feb 1952 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (56) died at Sandringham Estate, Sandringham, Norfolk. He was buried at King George VI Memorial Chapel, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. On 06 Feb 1952 His daughter Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926- succeeded as II King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor.

On 02 Jun 1953 Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926- was crowned II King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor.

King United Kingdom: Mountbatten

Queen Consort

Queen Consort England

Before 26 May 946 Edmund I King England 921-946 (25) and Aelfgifu Shaftesbury Queen Consort England were married. Aelfgifu Shaftesbury Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England.

Around 962 Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (19) and Aelfthryth Queen Consort England 945-1000 (17) were married. Aelfthryth Queen Consort England 945-1000 (17) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Around 985 Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (19) and Aelfgifu Northumbria Queen Consort England were married. Aelfgifu Northumbria Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1002 Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (36) and Emma Normandy Queen Consort England 985-1052 (17) were married. Emma Normandy Queen Consort England 985-1052 (17) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Marriage of Edward "The Confessor" and Edith of Wessex

On 23 Jan 1043 Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (40) and Edith of Wessex Queen Consort England 1026-1075 (17) were married. Edith of Wessex Queen Consort England 1026-1075 (17) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 11 May 1068 Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (37) was crowned as Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Marriage of Henry I and Matilda

On 11 Nov 1100 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (32) and Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (20) were married. Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (20) was crowned Queen Consort England at which time Edith was renamed Matilda..

Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

On 24 Jan 1121, three months after the disaster that was the Sinking of The White Ship in which Henry's only legitimate son was drowned, Henry needed an heir quickly. He (53) and Adeliza of Louvain Queen Consort England (18) were married at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. She (18) by marriage Queen Consort England. Despite fourteen years of marriage they didn't have any children. Following Henry's death she married William Daubigny 1st Earl Lincoln, 1st Earl Arundel 1109-1176 (12) with whom she had seven children.

Coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.

On 12 May 1191 Berengaria of Navarre Queen Consort England 1165-1230 (26) was crowned as Queen Consort England.

On 08 Oct 1200 Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) was crowned as Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) was crowned as Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster. His son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded as I King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England. .

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned as Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault (13) were married (he was her second-cousin) at York Minster, York, Yorkshire. She (13) by marriage as Queen Consort England.

Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

On 22 Jan 1382 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) was crowned Queen Consort England.

On 01 Nov 1396 Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) was crowned as Queen Consort England.

On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Winchester, Hampshire. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed as Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet..

On 30 May 1445 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (15) was crowned as Queen Consort England.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 18 Jan 1486 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19) was appointed as Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey during the Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth Plantagenet 1516-1558.

Coronation of Elizabeth of York

On 25 Nov 1487 Elizabeth of York (21) was crowned as Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (17), Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (34), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (34), William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (36) and Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (37), who carried the Rod and Dove, attended as did Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (18).

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) at Westminster Abbey.See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) was appointed as Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker 1513-1552 (19) and William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 (28) and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (26) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (44) attended.
Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (55) refused to attend.Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (36). Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43).

In 1544 Gerlach Flicke 1520-1558 (24). Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (54).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and Jane Seymour (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester (53). Jane (27) was appointed as Queen Consort England.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Anne of Cleves Marriage

On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Anne of Cleves (24) were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (50) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. Anne of Cleves (24) was crowned Queen Consort England.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (23).

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (36). Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43).

In 1544 Gerlach Flicke 1520-1558 (24). Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (54).

Marriage of Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Catherine Howard (17) were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard (17) was appointed as Queen Consort England.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII (52) and Catherine Parr (30) were married at Hampton Court Palace. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (30) was crowned Queen Consort England. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 (27) attended.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) by marriage Queen Consort England. .

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32) and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32) and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32).

On 21 May 1662 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) and Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (23) were married at Portsmouth, Hampshire. Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (23) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687 (52). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (48).

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (62). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (57).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (62). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (57).

Death of Queen Anne

On 01 Aug 1714 Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (49) died at Kensington Palace, Kensington, Kensington. Her second-cousin George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) succeeded as I King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover. Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 1666-1726 (47) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 11 Jun 1727 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (67) died. His son George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) succeeded as II King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover. Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (44) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 08 Sep 1761 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (23) and Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (17) were married at Chapel Royal, St James' Palace, St James', Westminster. Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (17) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 29 Jan 1820 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (81) died at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. His son George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (57) succeeded as IV King United Kingdom: Hanover. Caroline Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51) by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1798. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830 (28). Portrait of Caroline Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (29).

Death of King George IV

On 26 Jun 1830 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (67) died. His brother William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64) succeeded as IV King United Kingdom: Hanover. Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 06 May 1910 Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (68) died. His son George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (44) succeeded as V King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor. Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England 1867-1953 (42) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 was buried at Wimborne Minster, Dorset. Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 succeeded as King England Wessex. Ealhswith Mercia Queen Consort England -902 by marriage Queen Consort England.

Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland

Death of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace, Westminster. His brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) succeeded as II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) by marriages Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
His brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (83), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. François de Troy 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (52). Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52).

Around 1688 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (55). Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

Coronation James II and Mary

On 23 Apr 1685 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart by William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) crowned Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) preached the sermon.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey.
Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (21) was appointed as Lord High Constable.

Princes