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Biography of Edward IV King England 1442-1483

CONTENT

1459 Battle of Ludford Bridge

1459 Parliament of the Devils

Battle of Northampton 1460

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1460 Yorkist Landing at Sandwich

1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross

1461 Second Battle of St Albans

1461 Proclamation of Edward IV as King

1461 Battle of Towton

1461 Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1461 Edward IV Rewards his Followers

1462 Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

1464 Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

1464 Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

1465 Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1468 Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

1468 Meeting at Salisbury

1469 Execution of Warwick's Supporters

1469 Capture of Edward IV

1469 Execution of the Neville Brothers

1470 Edward IV escapes to Flanders

1470 Edward V born in Sanctuary

1470 Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

1471 Battle of Barnet

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury

1471 Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

1474 Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

1475 Treaty of Picquigny

1476 Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

1476 Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

1483 Mowbray Succession Changed

1483 Death of Edward IV

1483 Funeral of Edward IV

1483 Robert Stillington Claims Edward IV's Marriage to Elizabeth Woodville to be Bigamous

1483 Execution of Hastings

1483 Richard of Shrewsbury removed from Sanctuary

1483 The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

1483 Richard III Rewards his Supporters

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 28 Apr 1442 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (30) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (26) at Rouen

In Jun 1449 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (7) travelled to Ireland

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (39) was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry, Warwickshire . . The primary purpose of the Parliament was to attaint the Yorkist leaders:
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48) , his sons Edward Earl of March (17) , Edmund Earl of Rutland (16) were attainted, as were ...
Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and his sons Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) and John Neville 1431-1471 (28) .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire .In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present.
The Yorkist Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) left overnight.
John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) and Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) were present.
The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

Around Nov 1459 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) fled to Calais

On Dec 1459 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) was attainted

Yorkist Landing at Sandwich

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) landed at Sandwich, Kent .

Battle of Northampton 1460

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton 1460 .
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed . His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded as 2nd Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) , 7th Earl Stafford (1C 1351) , 8th Baron Stafford (1C 1299) .
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed . His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded as 3rd Earl Shrewsbury (2C 1442) , 3rd Earl Waterford , 8th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 12th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 9th Baron Talbot (1C 1331)
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed .
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed . His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Beaumont .
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire . The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30) , both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50) , Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20) .
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed . His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded as 4th Duke York (1C 1385) , 9th Earl Ulster , 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414) .
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed .Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 . William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35) , John Savage 1444-1492 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) .In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) . Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed .
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire . He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford, Herefordshire in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2)

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) .The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed .
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39) . After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 . Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded as 7th Baron Harington , 2nd Baron Bonville
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded .

Around Mar 1461 Thomas Billing -1481 was knighted on the accession of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) usurped IV King England: Plantagenet York

Proclamation of Edward IV as King

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) declared himself King of England. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was present.

12 Mar 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Commission to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , to receive deserters from the party of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By K (18) by word of mouth.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35) , Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50) , John Bigod -1461 , Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71) , Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49) , Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) , John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33) , Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61) , Everard Simon Digby -1461 , William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed .
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed . His son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded as 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed . His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded as 7th Baron Welles .
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60) , William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) , Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) , Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) . Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire . His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded as 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) . Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) .
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed .
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed .
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

02 May 1461 . Westminster .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like (Grant for life) to the king's (19) kinsman John Neville of Montagu (30) , knight, from Easter last, of the king's mines in Decon and Cornwall in which gold and silver can be found or worked for, at a rent of 110l yearly, as the king's father used to pay, with power of demise the same for 10, 15 or 20 years, provided that after his death the holders pay a tithe of the pure silver or lead to the king or his farmer.By p.s.

04 May 1461 . Westminster .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to the king's (19) kinsman George (29) , bishop of Exeter, from Easter last of the custody of the king's manor manor or lordship of Chiltern Langley, Hertfordshire , with mills, rents, vert and other profits, excepting 250 rabbits yearly for the king's hosehold, at a yearly rent of 50 marks 20d as formerly and 6s 8d besides; with acquittance of repairs and alloanc for any annuity granted out of the manor.By K (19) .

07 May 1461 . Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant to the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , of the custody of all lordships, manors and lands with knight's fees and advowsons held by the king's uncle George Neville (54) , knight, lord Latymer, within the county of York or elsewhere, during the idiotcy of the latter, even though no inquisition has been taken.By other letters patent.

08 May 1461 . York, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Commission to John Haryngton (47) , esquire, John Kyrton, Thomas Banke and William Boleyn to arrest Thomas CLaymond, esquire, Robert Heryng, 'sowter' and John Hedale, carpenter, and bring them before the king (19) in Chancery.

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 (25) were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) .The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

On 05 Jun 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury (43) , of the custody of the lordship, manor and park of Langle by Maydeston, co Kent , rendering 5 marks yearly.By K (19) .

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV

Edward IV Rewards his Followers

On 26 Jul 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was created 1st Baron Hastings (2C 1430) for supporting Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) in his claim to the throne.
Robert Ogle 1st Baron Ogle 1406-1469 (55) was created 1st Baron Ogle by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) for having been the principal Northumbrian gentleman to support the Yorkist cause.

26 Nov 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like (Grant for life) to Margaret, duchess of Somerset (51) , of 166l 13s 4d yearly from Michaelmas, 39 Henry VI, from the king's petty custom in the port of London and the same at the same at the receipt of the Exchequer, in lieu of a grant and confirmation to her of the same sums in pdwer by latters atent dated 9 July, surrendered. By K (19) .

02 Dec 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to the king's (19) kinsman John, earl of Worcester (34) , of the office of the constable of the Tower of London , with the accustomed fees.

03 Dec 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Appointment of the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , to execute the office of steward of England at the trial of Henry VI and other rebels who murdered the King's father Richard, duke of York, at Wakefield.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 (53) , his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were arrested for treason against King Edward IV (19) .They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (34) .
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill .
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54) , John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill .
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 (53) was hanged at Tower Hill . His son John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (19) succeeded as 13th Earl Oxford (2C 1141) .

Before Dec 1462 Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (31) was appointed as Esquire to the Body to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (20) , and to the Privy Council .

On 28 Feb 1463 John Lovell 8th Baron Lovel 5th Baron Holand 1433-1463 (30) died . On 28 Feb 1463 His son Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (7) succeeded as 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh , 6th Baron Holand at around eight years of age. He became a ward of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (20) who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) spending his childhood at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire with the young (future) Richard III King England 1452-1485 (10) .

On 21 Aug 1463 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (35) arrived at Dover, Kent with Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (21) .

In 1464 Henry Pierrepoint -1463 rewarded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (21) for his good and laudable services at his great cost and charges, and with manifold bodily dangers against the king's rebels levying war against him.

Around 1464 Elizabeth York 1464- was born illegitimately to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (21) and Elizabeth Waite

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire . Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49) , Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness.

On 01 May 1464 Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle 1464-1542 was born illegitimately to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) and Elizabeth Waite

Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

On Sep 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (36) who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey . Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) were appointed Knight of the Bath . .

On 11 Feb 1466 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (29) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

In 1467 John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494 sent by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (24) on a diplomatic mission to Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (33) at Bruges

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) , his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467) .

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 29 May 1467 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504 (46) met at Chelsea. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (36) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (63) , Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (12) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (27) , James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas, 3rd Earl Avondale 1426-1488 (41) and Thomas Montgomery -1495 accompanied Edward.

On 08 Jun 1467 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) went to Whitehall Palace, Westminster to retrieve the Great Seal from George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (35) .Considered as a slight against the Neville family to whom Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) was increasingly distant.

On 11 Jun 1467 the fighting on horseback took place witnessed by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) . John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) was Master of Ceremonies accompanied by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (42) .The day ended with the Bastard's (46) horse having being accidentally fatally injured by Lord Scales' saddle.

On 14 Jun 1467 the Tournament ended with a great banquet attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) at the Grocer's Hall. John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (49) were present.

On 16 Jun 1467 a great banquet was hosted by the King's older sister Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (27) and, in the absence of her husband Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (36) who remained, her future husband Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (27) . Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) attended as did Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504 (46) .

On 11 Aug 1467 Mary York 1467-1482 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Meeting at Salisbury

On 10 May 1468 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) , his brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 (15) , John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (41) and John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (42) met in the Chapter House, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire .

On 24 May 1468 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) was admitted to the confraternity of the Chapter of Salisbury in the Chapter House, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire .

Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (34) and Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (22) were married (he was her half second-cousin) at Bruges . John Paston 1444-1504 (24) travelled with Margaret.The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Base_Countries.After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40) rebelled against Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) escaped to the Low Base_Countries.

In 1469 William Norreys 1441-1507 (28) was appointed Esquire to the Body to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) .

Execution of Warwick's Supporters

On 17 Jan 1469 Warwick's supporters were executed in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) :
Thomas Hungerford -1469 was beheaded . His daughter Mary Hungerford 4th Baroness Hungerford 1468-1533 (1) succeeded as 4th Baron Hungerford .
Henry Courtenay -1469 was beheaded .

On 20 Mar 1469 Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (32) at Westminster Palace, Westminster .Named after her father's mother Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (53) .

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was captured by his brother George (19) at Olney, Buckinghamshire after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Around 05 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was imprisoned at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire

Around 15 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was imprisoned at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Around Oct 1469 Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (38) rescued Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) from Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .

In 1470 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (70) was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was restored in 1471.

Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) fought at Empingham, Rutlandshire during the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham) . Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was captured.

On 01 May 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) fled at Flanders

Edward IV escapes to Flanders

In Sep 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) fled from King's Lynn, Norfolk to the court of Charles the Bold (36) who was married to his sister Margaret two years earlier.

Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey .His father was abroad in Flanders .His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494 .

In 1471 the wardship of Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (15) was awarded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) to his sister Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (26) .

Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

On 14 Mar 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18) , John Babington 1423-1485 (48) , Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495 , William Norreys 1441-1507 (30) , William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494 .
The Yorkists William Blount -1471 , Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed . Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed .
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed . His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Saye and Sele . Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele .
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought..
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed .
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed .

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) . Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40) . Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets . On 29 Mar 2019 , St John's College, Cambridge , which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury .
His brother Richard (18) , Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) , George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , John Savage 1444-1492 , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46) , George Browne 1440-1483 (31) , Ralph Hastings -1495 , Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38) , James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16) , Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed . He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 (30) were killed . Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed

On 09 May 1471 George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31) was knighted by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) .

On 10 Apr 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (35)

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 , younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker , had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .

Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) . From left to right ...
1 impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents
2 impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 quartered
5 impaled
6
7
8 impaled England Henry IV Arms_Henry_IV signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32) .

Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) . From left to right ...
1 impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents
2 impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 quartered
5 impaled
6
7
8 impaled England Henry IV Arms_Henry_IV signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32) .

Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) . From left to right ...
1 impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents
2 impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 quartered
5 impaled
6
7
8 impaled England Henry IV Arms_Henry_IV signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32) .

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV (33) signed the Treaty of Picquigny ; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possiblY, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard (50) and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 (33) was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

In Sep 1475 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (45) drowned on his return from France having probably been thrown over-board on the orders of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) .

On 02 Nov 1475 Anne York 1475-1511 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (38) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York , his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36) .

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth . George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477 . Her son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (1) succeeded as 17th Earl Warwick (1C 1088) .
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset .
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire .
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire . John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire .
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) .

On Mar 1477 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (40) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (58) was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (35) 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

On 14 Aug 1479 Catherine York 1479-1527 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (37) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (42)

On 10 Nov 1480 Bridget York 1480-1517 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (38) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (43) at Eltham Palace, Eltham, Greenwich, Kent

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- , who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Death of Edward IV

On 25 Mar 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) returned to Westminster from Windsor, Berkshire .A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) ; it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster . His son Edward V King England 1470- succeeded as V King England: Plantagenet York . Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) .

After 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 lay in state at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) , John Savage 1444-1492 , Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50) , Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38) , probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41) , Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18) , Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50) , John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35) , Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30) , John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15) , John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 .
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr KG 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494 (33)
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40)
James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43)
George Browne 1440-1483 (43)
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1390-1489 (93)
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63)
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop of Durham 1425-1483 (58)
John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Tuchet Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury 1443-1524 (40) (as Bishop of Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492 , and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36)
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) , then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52)
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28)
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48)
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68)
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82)
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43)
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57)
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51)
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (7)
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30)
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35)
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50)
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45)
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533 .

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire . Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1492 and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) were pall-bearers.

Robert Stillington Claims Edward IV's Marriage to Elizabeth Woodville to be Bigamous

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) .

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) , Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) , Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) . During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) , Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46) .
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 . His son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded as 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430) . Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430) .
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

Richard of Shrewsbury removed from Sanctuary

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation.. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa -1484 preached the bastardy of Edward IV's children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483) .Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- . Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

Vatican Regesta Vol. DCLXXXV Secretarum Tomus IV 2 Innocent VIII . 10 Kal. Aug . Decree, at the petition of king Henry (29) and queen Elizabeth (20) , that a notarial copy of the process before James, bishop of Imola (7) , apostolic nuncio with the power of a legate de latere , in regard to the dispensation granted by him to them to contract marriage, notwithstanding the impediment arising from their being related in the double fourth degree of kindred, shall have the same credence as the original letters of the said bishop (7) . The Pope (54) exemplifies the said letters and process as follows:
Public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation 1486 , after the computation of the English church, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII [ 16 Jan 1486 ], in the chapel of St. Mary [the Virgin] on the east side of the cathedral church of St. Paul, London , before James, bishop of Imola (7) , apostolic legate to England and Scotland, in presence of the below-written notaries public, appointed by the said bishop as scribes in the below-written matter of dispensation, and witnesses below-named, there appeared in person Master Robert Morton (51) , Archdeacon of Winchester, and John de Giglis , I.U.D., as proctors of king Henry (29) , and Richard Hill , dean of the chapel of the household of the said king, and David William , doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, as proctors of the lady Elizabeth (20) , eldest daughter of the late king Edward IV , who produced their mandates of procuration and presented to the said legate a schedule of petition on behalf of the said king and lady, praying him to dispense them to marry, notwithstanding the impediment of their relationship in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, as was specified by the said Master Robert Morton (51) .
The said instrument exemplifies the said procurations and schedule, as follows:
(i) A public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation, etc., 1486, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII, January 14 , in a certain great chamber within the palace royal at Westminster, before Thomas, archbishop of York (62) and legate of the apostolic see, John, bishop of Worcester (56) , chancellor of England, and Jasper duke of Bedford (54) , and many other nobles and magnates, in the presence of me, Richard Spencer , notary public below-written, the said king (29) , present in person, appointed Masters John de Giglis , I.U.D., and Robert Morton (51) , master or keeper of the rolls of the chancery of the said king, as his proctors to appear before the said bishop and legate (who, as is said, has faculty from the apostolic see to dispense a certain number of persons related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred and affinity to contract marriage), and to request him to exhibit, etc., the said letters, and execute them in accordance with the desire of the said king, etc. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the above-named witnesses and of Richard Spencer , clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, notary public by apostolic and imperial authorities, registrar-principal of the court of Canterbury, and keeper of the registers of the same court, the said notary has made the present public instrument, and, being otherwise engaged, has caused it to be written by another, and has published and drawn it up in this public form, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;

(ii) A like public instrument, setting forth that on the same date as in the preceding, and in a certain chamber within the royal palace of Westminster, before John, bishop of Worcester, chancellor of England (56) , John lord de Wellys (36) , Master William Smyth, dean of the chapel royal of Wymbourn in the diocese of Salisbury, and other witnesses, in the presence of the above notary, Richard Spencer , the above lady Elizabeth (20) , present in person, appointed Masters Richard Hill , dean of the chapel of the king's household, and David William , doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, and commissary-general of the official of the court of Canterbury and president of the said court, in the absence of the said official, as her proctors to appear, etc., as in the preceding. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the abovenamed witnesses and of … Richard Spencer, clerk, etc., as above, the said notary has made, written, subscribed, published, and drawn up in this public form the present public instrument, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;

(iii) The petition to James, bishop of Imola (7) , apostolic legate to England and Scotland, on behalf of the most serene prince and lord, the lord Henry (29) , by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the one part, and of the most illustrious (clarissime) lady, the lady Elizabeth (20) , eldest legitimate and natural daughter of the late Edward, sometime king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the other part, setting forth that whereas the said king Henry has by God's providence won his realm of England, and is in peaceful possession thereof, and has been asked by all the lords of his realm, both spiritual and temporal, and also by the general council of the said realm, called Parliament, to take the said lady Elizabeth to wife, he, wishing to accede to the just petitions of his subjects, desires to take the said lady to wife, but cannot do so without dispensation, inasmuch as they are related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, wherefore petition is made on their behalf to the said legate to grant them dispensation by his apostolic authority to contract marriage and remain therein, notwithstanding the said impediment of kindred, and to decree the offspring to be born thereof legitimate.

In 1491 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . This yere was borne at Grenewiche lord Henry , seconde sonne to y kyng (33) , whiche was created duke of Yorke , and after prynce of Wales, and in conclusion succeded his father in eroune and dignitee. Nowe let vs returne to the newe founde sonne of kynge Edwarde, coniured by mennespollicies from death to lyfe.
And first to declare hys lignage and beginning, yon must vnderstad that the duches of Burgoyne (44) so norished and brought vp in the sedicious andscelerate faccions of false contryuers & founders of discorde coulde never cease nor be in quyet (lyke a vyper that is ready to burste with superfluyte of poyson) except he should infest and vnguyet y king of England, for no desert or displeasure by hym to her committed, but onely because he was propagate ant! deseeded of the house of Lacastre, euer beyng aduerse & enemy to her lyne & lynage. For which only cause she compassed, ymagenedand inuented how to cast a scorpio in his bosome, and to infect his whole reahne with, a pestiferous discorde. To thentent that he beyng vanquyshed and brought to confusion, both the boylynge heate of her malicious harte mighte be fully saciated with hys innocent bloude, and also auauce and preferre some darlyng of her faccion to his Empire rule and dignitee. And principally remembring that the erie of Lyncoln, which was by her set foorth and al his copany had small fortune & worsse successe in their progression and enterprice, contrary to her hope and expectacion, she lyke a dogge reuertynge to her olde vomyte, beganne to deuyse & spynne a new w ebbe, lyke a spyder that dayly weaueth when hys calle is torne. And as the deuell prouydeth venemous sauce to corrupt banckettes, so for her purpose she espyed a certayne younge man of visage beutiful, of countenaunce demure, of wit subtile crafty and pregnant, called Peter Watbecke. And for his dastard cowardnes of the Englishmen, in derision called Perkyn Warbeck (17) , accordyng to the duche phrase, whiche chauge the name of Peter to Perfcyn, to yogelinges of no strength nor courage for their timerous hartes and pusillanimitee : Whiehe yonge man traueyiyng many coun treys, coulde speake English and many other languages, & for his basenes of stocke and birthe was knowen of none almoost, and only for the gayne of hys liuyng from his childehoode was of necessitee, compelled to seke and frequet dyuerse realmes and regions. Therfore the duches (44) thinkyng to haue gotten God by the foote, whe she had the deuell by the tayle, & adjudging this youg man to be a mete organe to conuey her purpose, and one not vnlike to be'f duke of Yorke , sonne to her brother kyng Edward , whiche was called Richard , kept hym a certayne space with her preuely, and hym with such diligece instructed, bothe of the secretes and common affaires of the realrne of England, & of the lignage, dissent and ordre of the house of Yorke, that he like a good scholer not forgettyng his lesson coulde tell all that was taught him promptly without any difficultie or signe of any subornacion: and besides, he kept suche a princely countenaunce, and so countrefeate a maiestie royall, that all men in maner did fermely beleue that he was extracted of the noble house and familie of the dukes of Yorke. For surely it was a gift geuen to that noble progeny as of nature in the rootc plated that all the sequele of that lyne and stock did study and deuyse how to be equyualent in honoure and fame with their forefathers and noble predecessors.

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey .She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel .

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died .She was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire .

Ralph Hastings -1495 was appointed as Knight of the Body to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 .

Funeral of Edward IV

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was moved to St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster . Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503 sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 , Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 , offered on the Queen's behalf.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361


Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350


Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356


GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331


Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 Great x 2 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer 1269-1328 Great x 3 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403


Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380