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Biography of Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-

CONTENT

1476 Death of the Duke of Norfolk

1478 Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

1483 Mowbray Succession Changed

1483 Death of Edward IV

1483 Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

1483 Richard of Shrewsbury removed from Sanctuary

1483 Richard III Rewards his Supporters

1483 Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

1483 Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke York (2C 1474)

In 1475 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was appointed 215th Knight Garter: Edward IV

Death of the Duke of Norfolk

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (31) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk . Suspicious since he was only 32. His daughter Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) succeeded as 8th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312) , 11th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 12th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- two years later.

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Earl Nottingham (3C 1476)

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke Norfolk (2C 1481)

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray (5) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster .She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11) , Mary (10) and Cecily (8) .The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 19 Nov 1481 Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (8) died at Greenwich, Kent . He was buried at Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae, Chapels, Westminster Abbey . Her first-cousin twice-removed John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (56) succeeded as 12th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 13th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 (45) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283) , Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- , who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster . His son Edward V King England 1470- succeeded as V King England: Plantagenet York . Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) .

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) . Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36) was with her.

Richard of Shrewsbury removed from Sanctuary

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation.. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483) .Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- . Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury -1485 was appointed Constable Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- .

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30) . Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant .

In 1491 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . This yere was borne at Grenewiche lord Henry , seconde sonne to y kyng (33) , whiche was created duke of Yorke , and after prynce of Wales, and in conclusion succeded his father in eroune and dignitee. Nowe let vs returne to the newe founde sonne of kynge Edwarde, coniured by mennespollicies from death to lyfe.
And first to declare hys lignage and beginning, yon must vnderstad that the duches of Burgoyne (44) so norished and brought vp in the sedicious andscelerate faccions of false contryuers & founders of discorde coulde never cease nor be in quyet (lyke a vyper that is ready to burste with superfluyte of poyson) except he should infest and vnguyet y king of England, for no desert or displeasure by hym to her committed, but onely because he was propagate ant! deseeded of the house of Lacastre, euer beyng aduerse & enemy to her lyne & lynage. For which only cause she compassed, ymagenedand inuented how to cast a scorpio in his bosome, and to infect his whole reahne with, a pestiferous discorde. To thentent that he beyng vanquyshed and brought to confusion, both the boylynge heate of her malicious harte mighte be fully saciated with hys innocent bloude, and also auauce and preferre some darlyng of her faccion to his Empire rule and dignitee. And principally remembring that the erie of Lyncoln, which was by her set foorth and al his copany had small fortune & worsse successe in their progression and enterprice, contrary to her hope and expectacion, she lyke a dogge reuertynge to her olde vomyte, beganne to deuyse & spynne a new w ebbe, lyke a spyder that dayly weaueth when hys calle is torne. And as the deuell prouydeth venemous sauce to corrupt banckettes, so for her purpose she espyed a certayne younge man of visage beutiful, of countenaunce demure, of wit subtile crafty and pregnant, called Peter Watbecke. And for his dastard cowardnes of the Englishmen, in derision called Perkyn Warbeck (17) , accordyng to the duche phrase, whiche chauge the name of Peter to Perfcyn, to yogelinges of no strength nor courage for their timerous hartes and pusillanimitee : Whiehe yonge man traueyiyng many coun treys, coulde speake English and many other languages, & for his basenes of stocke and birthe was knowen of none almoost, and only for the gayne of hys liuyng from his childehoode was of necessitee, compelled to seke and frequet dyuerse realmes and regions. Therfore the duches (44) thinkyng to haue gotten God by the foote, whe she had the deuell by the tayle, & adjudging this youg man to be a mete organe to conuey her purpose, and one not vnlike to be'f duke of Yorke , sonne to her brother kyng Edward , whiche was called Richard , kept hym a certayne space with her preuely, and hym with such diligece instructed, bothe of the secretes and common affaires of the realrne of England, & of the lignage, dissent and ordre of the house of Yorke, that he like a good scholer not forgettyng his lesson coulde tell all that was taught him promptly without any difficultie or signe of any subornacion: and besides, he kept suche a princely countenaunce, and so countrefeate a maiestie royall, that all men in maner did fermely beleue that he was extracted of the noble house and familie of the dukes of Yorke. For surely it was a gift geuen to that noble progeny as of nature in the rootc plated that all the sequele of that lyne and stock did study and deuyse how to be equyualent in honoure and fame with their forefathers and noble predecessors.

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey .She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel .

After 06 Oct 1492 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . When he had thus prudently cosolate and appeased the myndes of hys me of warrre, he (35) returned backe agayn vf his whole army, to y toun of Caieys , where he beganne to smell certayn secret smoke, whiche was lyke to turn to a great flame, without it were well watched and polletiquely sene to. For by the crai'tie inuencion and deuelishe ymaginacid of that pesteferns serpent Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (46) lady Margaret, duches of Burgoyne, a new ydoll was sett vp in Flaunders, and called Richard Plantagenet , secod sonne to kvng Edward the. iiii. as though he had bene resuscitate from death to lyfe, whiche sodeyne newes more stacke and fretted in his stomack, then the battaile which now was set late foiward & more payne he had (not without great jeopardie of him selte) toappeache & qutche this newe spronge conspiracy, then in makynge peace with the Frenche kyng his enemy. And so he was content to accept and reccaue (and not to offre and geue) the honest condicions of peace of his enemy proffred and oblated, except he woulde at one tyme make warre, be the at home in his owne countrey, and also inforeyne and externe nacions. Wherfore kynge Henry forseynge all these thinges before (and not without great counsayll) concluded with the French kyng, to thentet that he beyng deliuered of al outward enuytie mighte the more quickly prouide for the ciuyle and domestical comocions, which he perceaued well to be budding out. The conclusion of the peace was thus, y the peace should continue bothe their lyues, and that the Frenche kynge should pay to kynge Henry a certayne sumine of money in hand, accordyng as the commissioners shoulde appoynt for his charges susteyned in his iourney:

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361


Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403


Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380


Mother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469


Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403


Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396


GrandMother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 Great x 8 Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-


Great GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422


Great x 2 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count 1331-1399 Great x 3 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran