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Events in ... 1455 ...

In 1436 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (47) died . He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Greystoke, Cumberland . His son Ralph Greystoke 5th Baron Greystoke 1414-1487 (22) succeeded as 5th Baron Greystoke . Monument in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke, Cumberland . Fluted Period . His pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat After John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar . John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

In 1436 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (47) died . He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Greystoke, Cumberland . His son Ralph Greystoke 5th Baron Greystoke 1414-1487 (22) succeeded as 5th Baron Greystoke . Monument in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke, Cumberland . Fluted Period . His pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat After John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar . John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

Before 1455 Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (27) and Philippa Tiptoft Baroness Ros Helmsley 1423-1487 (31) were married (he was her third-cousin). Philippa Tiptoft Baroness Ros Helmsley 1423-1487 (31) by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley .

Before 1455 James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas, 3rd Earl Avondale 1426-1488 (28) and Margaret "Fair Lady of Galloway" Douglas Countess Atholl, Countess Douglas, Countess Avondale 1435-1475 (19) were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed). Margaret "Fair Lady of Galloway" Douglas Countess Atholl, Countess Douglas, Countess Avondale 1435-1475 (19) by marriage Countess Douglas , Earl Avondale .

Before 1455 Margaret Neville Baroness Cobham 1454-1506 was born to Edward Neville 3rd Baron Bergavenny 1413-1476 (41) and Katherine Howard Baroness Bergavenny 1414-1478 (40)

In 1455 John Bourchier 1st Baron Berners 1416-1474 (39) was created 1st Baron Berners

Around 1455 Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (53) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

In 1455 Thomas Carey 1455-1500 was born to William Carey 1437-1471 (18) and Anna Fulford

In 1455 Simon Cheney 1392-1455 (63) died

Around 1455 Amy Cheney 1455- was born to Robert Cheney 1421-1488 (34) at Higham, Milstead, Kent

In 1455 Thomas Cheney 1455-1513 was born to John Cheney 1422-1489 (33) and Elizabeth Rempston 1418-1478 (37) at Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire

Around 1455 Joan Cheney 1455- was born to John Cheney 1422-1489 (33) and Elizabeth Rempston 1418-1478 (37)

In 1455 Margaret Clifford 1367-1455 (88) died at Melton Hall, Melton, Derbyshire

Around 1455 Agnes Cockayne 1455-1479 was born to Robert Cockayne 1429-1530 (26) at Barlow, Derbyshire

Around 1455 Elizabeth Fiennes Baroness Clinton 1455- was born to Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (40) and Joan Dacre 7th Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1433-1486 (22)

In 1455 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 was born to John Grey 1432-1461 (23) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (18)

In 1455 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (24) was appointed as High Sheriff Leicestershire and High Sheriff Warwickshire

In 1455 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (24) was imprisoned at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire

In 1455 Richard Lee 1455-1500 was born

Around 1455 William Ladde Montagu 1425-1455 (36) died .

In 1455 Robert Montagu 1455-1520 was born to Edward Montagu 1429-1529 (26) at Boveney, Berkshire .

In 1455 Thomas Blount 1455-1524 was born to Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 (34) and Elizabeth Winnington at Kinlet, Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire

Around 1455 Francis Pierrepoint 1455-1495 was born to Henry Pierrepoint 1408-1457 (47) and Thomasine Melton 1424-1458 (31) at Holme Pierrepoint, Nottinghamshire

Around 1455 Elizabeth Poyntz 1455- was born to John Poyntz -1466 and Alice Cox -1507

In 1455 Margaret Babington 1455-1502 was born to John Babington 1423-1485 (32) and Isabel Bradbourne 1427-1486 (28) at Etwall, Derbyshire

Around 1455 Anne Babington 1455-1507 was born to John Babington 1423-1485 (32) and Isabel Bradbourne 1427-1486 (28) at Dethick Manor, Dethick, Derbyshire

Around 1455 Edmund Ros 10th Baron Ros Helmsley 1455-1508 was born to Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (27) and Philippa Tiptoft Baroness Ros Helmsley 1423-1487 (32) .

Around 1455 James Russell 1455-1505 was born to John Russell 1432-1505 (22) .

In 1455 John Spencer 1455-1522 was born to William Spencer 1440-1485 (15) and Elizabeth Empson 1435-1532 (20) at Southam, Warwickshire

In 1455 Thomas Stanley 1st Baron Stanley 1405-1459 (50) was appointed as Lord Chamberlain

In 1455 Thomas Stanley 1st Baron Stanley 1405-1459 (50) was elected as MP Lancashire

Around 1455 James Strangeways 1455-1521 was born to Richard Strangeways 1433-1488 (22) and Elizabeth Neville 1435-1490 (20)

In 1455 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (35) was appointed as Usher of the King's Chamber

Around 1455 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 was born to William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (47) and Margaret Darcy 1425-1525 (30)

Around 1455 Ralph Verney 1455-1528 was born to Ralph Verney 1410-1478 (45) in Fleet Marston, Buckinghamshire

Around 1455 Robert Devereux 1455- was born to Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 and Anne Ferrers 8th Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1469 .

In 1455 Anne Butler 1455-1533 was born to Thomas Butler 7th Earl Ormonde 1426-1515 (29) and Anne Hankford Countess Ormonde 1431-1485 (24)

Around 1455 David Stewart 1455-1487 was born to James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (24) and Mary Egmont Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (21)

Around 1455 Margaret n William 03 Lord Crichton Stewart 1455- was born to James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (24) and Mary Egmont Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (21)

In 1455 William Herbert 1455- was born to Richard Herbert 1423-1469 (32) and Margaret Jones 1444-1499 (11) at Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales .

Around 1455 Agnes Barrow 1455-1479 was born .

Around 1455 Duncan Campbell 2nd of Glenorchy 1455- was born to Colin Campbell 1st of Glenorchy 1428-1475 (27)

In 1455 Louis Valois-Orleans 1455-1458 was born to John Valois-Orleans 1399-1467 (55) and Marguerite Rohan

In 1455 Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Portugal 1432-1455 (23) died .

Around 1455 Alice Carew 1455-1528 was born to Thomas Carew 1425-1461 (30) .

Around 1455 Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe 1455-1524 was born to Nicholas Wotton 1425-1481 (30)

In 1455 Edward Redman Lord Harewood 1455-1510 was born to Richard Redman 1417-1476 (38) and Margaret Middleton 1447-

In 1455 John Melton 1422-1458 (57) died at Melton Hall, Melton, Derbyshire .

In 1455 Gaston Grailly -1455 died

Around 1455 Eve Gwilym 1455- was born to Henry Gwilym 1425-1492 (29)

In 1455 Christoph Habsburg 1455-1456 was born to Frederick "Peaceful or Fat" Habsburg III Holy Roman Emperor 1415-1493 (39) and Eleanor Aviz Holy Roman Empress 1434-1467 (20) .

In 1455 Elizabeth Hilton 1402-1455 (53) died at Melton Hall, Melton, Derbyshire

In 1455 Thomas Hoo 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings 1396-1455 (59) died

In 1455 Henry IV King Castile 1425-1474 (29) and Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1439-1475 (15) were married (he was her first-cousin). Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1439-1475 (15) by marriage Queen Consort Castile .

In 1455 Richard Knightley 1455-1534 was born in Fawsley, Northamptonshire .

Around 1455 Peter Legh 1455-1527 was born to Piers Legh 1433-1468 (22)

In 1455 William Marrow Lord Mayor 1410-1464 (45) was appointed as Lord Mayor of London

Around 1455 Ferry Metz -1455 died

In 1455 Canute Oldenburg 1451-1455 (4) died .

In 1455 William Sinclair 3rd Earl Orkney, 1st Earl Caithness 1410-1484 (45) was created 1st Earl Caithness . Elizabeth Douglas Countess Buchan, Countess Orkney, Countess Caithness -1451 by marriage Countess Caithness .

Around 1455 Elizabeth Sinclair 1455-1498 was born to William Sinclair 3rd Earl Orkney, 1st Earl Caithness 1410-1484 (45) and Marjory Sutherland Countess Orkney, Countess Caithness

Around 1455 Marjory Sinclair 1455-1480 was born to William Sinclair 3rd Earl Orkney, 1st Earl Caithness 1410-1484 (45) and Marjory Sutherland Countess Orkney, Countess Caithness .

Around 1455 Mariota Sinclair 1455- was born to William Sinclair 3rd Earl Orkney, 1st Earl Caithness 1410-1484 (45) and Marjory Sutherland Countess Orkney, Countess Caithness .

In 1455 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) returned as MP Bedfordshire .

In 1455 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons .

In 1455 Richard Cotton 1455-1497 was born to John Cotton 1434-1456 (21) and Mary Pole 1438-1469 (17)

Around 1455 Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 probably in Englefield, Reading, Berkshire

In 1455 John Fisher 1455-1556 was born

In 1455 William Purefoy IV 1400-1455 (55) died .

In 1455 Thomas Ratclyffe 1391-1455 (64) died at Barton Alkrington, Lancashire .

In 1455 Richard Radclyffe 1455-1500 was born

Around 1455 Henry Saunders 1455-1518 was born

In 1455 Adam Troutbeck 1455-1510 was born to William Troutbeck 1436-1459 (18) and Margaret Stanley Baroness Grey Codnor

Around 1455 Arnold Babington 1363-1455 (92) died at Beeston, Cheshire

Around 1455 Richard Luttrell 1455-1540 was born to Thomas Luttrell 1435-1486 (20) .

Around 1455 Katherine Stourton Baroness Grey Codnor 1455-1521 was born to William Stourton 2nd Baron Stourton 1426-1478 (29) and Margaret Chideock 1432-1503 (23)

In 1455 John Melton 1398-1455 (57) died at Melton Hall, Melton, Derbyshire

Around 1455 Janet Mathew 1455-1535 was born to Thomas Mathew of Radyr 1438-1470 (17)

After 1455 Richard Darell 1429-1489 (26) and Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 (18) were married .

After 1455 Gaston Foix -1455 died .

Feb 1455

02 Feb 1455

On 02 Feb 1455 John Melton 9th Baron Lucy 1455-1510 was born to John Melton 1422-1458 in Aston, West Riding, Yorkshire .

On 02 Feb 1455 John King Denmark, King Norway, King Sweden 1455-1513 was born to Christian I King Denmark 1426-1481 (29) .

Mar 1455

On Mar 1455 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (37) was appointed Lord Chancellor .

03 Mar 1455

On 03 Mar 1455 John II King Portugal 1455-1495 was born to Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 (23) and Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Portugal 1432-1455

04 Mar 1455

06 Mar 1455

Around 06 Mar 1455 William Mainwaring 1396-1455 (59) died

Apr 1455

In Apr 1455 Christopher Luttrell 1400-1455 (55) died .

22 Apr 1455

On 22 Apr 1455 John Marck I Duke Cleves 1419-1481 (36) and Elizabeth Valois-Burgundy Duchess Cleves 1439-1483 (16) were married (he was her second-cousin). Elizabeth Valois-Burgundy Duchess Cleves 1439-1483 (16) by marriage Duchess Cleves .

May 1455

01 May 1455

Battle of Arkinholm

On 01 May 1455 the Douglas rebellion was brought to an end at the Battle of Arkinholm near Langholm . Archibald Douglas 8th Earl Moray 1426-1455 (29) was killed . Hugh Douglas 1st Earl Ormonde -1455 was executed . John Douglas 1433-1463 (22) escaped.

20 May 1455

Before 20 May 1455 George Gordon 2nd Earl Huntley 1455-1501 was born to Alexander Gordon 1st Earl Huntley -1470 and Elizabeth Crichton Countess Huntley .

On 20 May 1455 George Gordon 2nd Earl Huntley 1455-1501 and Elizabeth Dunbar were married .

22 May 1455

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans . Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44) .
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed . His son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded as 3rd Duke Somerset (2C 1448) ,
Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed . His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded as 3rd Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed . His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded as 9th Baron Clifford , 9th Lord Skipton . Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford .
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed .
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

After 22 May 1455 Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 was buried at St Albans Cathedral, St Albans, Hertfordshire .

After 22 May 1455 William Cotton 1410-1455 was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster .

After 22 May 1455 Thomas Lacy -1479 and Mary Folville 1423-1500 (32) were married

After 22 May 1455 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 was buried at St Albans Cathedral, St Albans, Hertfordshire

24 May 1455

On 24 May 1455 John Melton 1367-1455 (88) died at Melton Hall, Melton, Derbyshire

Aug 1455

02 Aug 1455

On 02 Aug 1455 John "Cicero" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg 1455-1499 was born to Albert "Achilles" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg 1414-1486 (40) .

22 Aug 1455

On 22 Aug 1455 Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Desmond -1468 and Ellice Barry Countess Desmond were married . Ellice Barry Countess Desmond by marriage Countess Desmond (1C 1329) .

Dec 1455

15 Dec 1455

Battle of Clyst Heath

On 15 Dec 1455 the Courtenay family, Earls of Devon since 1355, and Bonville family resolved their differences at the Battle of Clyst Heath . Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (41) defeated William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 . Battle something of an over-statement; the number of dead reported by one chronicler as being twelve. Following the battle the victorious Courtenay's attacked Bonville's Shute Manor, Shute, Devon .