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Events in ... 1461 ...

Before 1461 William Marrow Lord Mayor 1410-1464 (50) and Katherine Rich were married

Before 1461 Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 (32) and Margaret Welles were married

In 1461 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) was created 1st Earl Essex (5C 1461) . Isabel York Count Eu, Countess Essex 1409-1484 (52) by marriage Countess Essex (5C 1461) .

In 1461 John Bourchier 1st Baron Berners 1416-1474 (45) was appointed as Constable Windsor Castle

In 1461 Robert Brudenell 1461-1531 was born at Deene, Northamptonshire .

Around 1461 Rowland Bulkeley 1461-1537 was born to William Bulkeley 1418-1488 (43) and Ellen Griffith

Around 1461 William Blount 1461- was born to Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 (40) and Elizabeth Winnington

Around 1461 Elizabeth Clifford 1461-1531 was born to John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (25) at Skipton, West Riding, Yorkshire

In 1461 John Clifford 1425-1461 (36) died .

In 1461 Margaret Constable 1461- was born to Robert Constable 1423-1488 (37) and Agnes Wentworth -1496

In 1461 Margery Constable 1461-1510 was born to Robert Constable 1423-1488 (37) and Agnes Wentworth -1496 at Flamborough, Bridlington, East Riding, Yorkshire

Around 1461 John Cromwell 1364-1461 (97) died at Carleton on Trent, Nottinghamshire .

In 1461 Lawrence Cheney 1396-1461 (65) died .

In 1461 Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 was born to Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 (33) and Margaret Welles at Scrivelsby Manor, Scrivelsby, Lincolnshire

In 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was appointed as Master of the Mint

In 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was appointed as Lord Chamberlain

In 1461 Anne Holland 1461-1474 was born to Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (21) .

In 1461 Thomas Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1408-1485 (52) was created 1st Baron Lumley (2C 1461) . Jane Knightley Baroness Lumley by marriage Baroness Lumley (2C 1461) .

In 1461 Catherine Lumley 1396-1461 (65) died .

Around 1461 William Mordaunt 1461-1516 was born to William Mordaunt 1432-1481 (29) and Margaret Peake 1434-1496 (26)

In 1461 Edward Musgrave 1461-1542 was born to Richard Musgrave 1431-1491 (30) and Joan Clifford at Edenhall Castle, Edenhall, Cumberland .

Around 1461 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (20)

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

In 1461 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (29) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

Around 1461 Robert Noel 1461- was born to Thomas Noel 1440- at Hilcote Newbold, Staffordshire

Around 1461 Maurice Poyntz 1461- was born to John Poyntz -1466 and Alice Cox -1507

In 1461 John Rodney 1461-1528 was born to Thomas Rodney 1437-1471 (24)

Around 1461 Ralph Shirley 1461-1516 was born to John Shirley 1429-1485 (32) and Eleanor Willoughby 1433-1487 (28) at Staunton Harold, Leicestershire

In 1461 John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (33) was appointed as Knight of the Bath .

Around 1461 Humphrey Stafford 1461-1545 was born to Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (35) and Catherine Fray

In 1461 John Dudley 1461-1541 was born to Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (36) and Joyce Tiptoft 1425-1470 (35) at Dudley Castle, Dudley, Staffordshire .

In 1461 Robert Vere 1410-1461 (51) died .

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461) .

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was appointed 185th Knight Garter: Edward IV .

In 1461 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461)

In 1461 William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (38) was created 1st Baron Herbert Raglan , 1st Baron Herbert Powis .

In 1461 William Chamberlaine -1462 was appointed 186th Knight Garter: Edward IV .

In 1461 William Cotton 1426-1461 (35) died .

Around 1461 Thomas Green 1461-1506 was born to Thomas Green 1421-1462 (40) and Maud Throckmorton -1496

In 1461 Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (28) was appointed as High Sheriff Shropshire .

In 1461 Adolf Marck 1461-1525 was born to John Marck I Duke Cleves 1419-1481 (41) and Elizabeth Valois-Burgundy Duchess Cleves 1439-1483 (22)

In 1461 Gerhard Marck -1461 died

1461 . Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1 . Letter XXXVII. Margaret of Anjou (30) Queen of Henry IV to the Citizens of London.
Right trusty and well-beloved, we greet you heartily well.
And whereas the late Duke of N. of extreme malice, long hid under colours, imagined by divers and many ways and means the destruction of my lord's (39) good grace, whom God of his mercy ever preserve, hath now late, upon an untrue pretence, feigned a title to my lord's crown, and royal estate, and pre-eminence, contrary to his allegiance and divers solemn oaths of his own offer made, uncompelled or constrained, and fully proposed to have deposed him of his regality, he had been (had it not been for) the sad (firm) unchangeable and true dispositions of you and others, his true liegemen, for the which your worshipful dispositions we thank you as heartily as we can. And howbeit, that the same untrue, unsad, and unadvised person, of very pure malice, disposed to continue in his cruelness, to the utterest undoing, if he might, of us, and of my lord's son and ours the prince, which, with God's mercy, he shall not be of power to perform, by the help of you and all other my lord's faithful disposed subjects, hath thrown among you, as we be certainly informed, divers untrue and feigned matters and surmises; and in especial, that we and my lord's said son and ours should newly draw toward you with an unseen power of strangers, disposed to rob and to despoil you of your goods and havings (property); we will that you know for certain that, at such time as we or our said son shall be disposed to see my lord, as our duty is and so binds us to do, you, nor none of you, shall be robbed, despoiled, nor wronged by any person that at that time we or our said son shall be accompanied with, or any other sent in our or his name, praying you, in our most hearty and desirous wise, that [above] all earthly things you will diligently intend (attend) to the surety of my lord's royal person in the mean time; so that through malice of his said enemy he be no more troubled, vexed, nor jeoparded. And, so doing, we shall be unto you such lady as of reason you shall be largely content. Given under our signet, &c.

Around 1461 Thomas Marrow 1461-1505 was born to William Marrow Lord Mayor 1410-1464 (51) and Katherine Rich

In 1461 Nicholas West Bishop Ely 1461-1533 was born

Around 1461 Henry Bellingham was attainted for his being a Lancastrian. His estates were passed into the temporary keeping of William Parr KG 1434-1483 (27) and John Parr 1435-1473 (26) of Kendal.

Around 1461 Thomas Blennerhasset 1461-1531 was born

Around 1461 Thomas Fettiplace 1461-1523 was born to John Fettiplace of Childrey 1427-1464 (34) .

Around 1461 George Hopton 1461-1489 was born to William Hopton 1425-1484 (36) in Swillington, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire .

In 1461 Walter Hopton 1428-1461 (33) died

In 1461 Robert Tanfield 1461-1505 was born to Robert Tanfield 1441-1484 (20) and Elizabeth Brooke 1433-

Around 1461 Edmund Knyvet 1461-1504 was born to William Knyvet 1440-1515 (21) and Alice Grey at Buckenham Castle, Buckenham, Norfolk

Around 1461 Richard Echingham 1426-1461 (35) died

In 1461 Alice Skipwith 1461-1552 was born to William Skipwith of Ormsby 1417-1482 (44) at South Ormsby, Lincolnshire

After 1461 . Memorial to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire .

Jan 1461

On Jan 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was created 1st Baron Montagu (4C 1461)

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

08 Jan 1461

On 08 Jan 1461 George Seton 1415-1478 (46) and Christian Murray were married .

Feb 1461

08 Feb 1461

On 08 Feb 1461 William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 was appointed 182nd Knight Garter: Henry VI

On 08 Feb 1461 Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was appointed 183rd Knight Garter: Henry VI

17 Feb 1461

After 17 Feb 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was imprisoned at York Castle, York, Yorkshire

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

18 Feb 1461

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) .The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed .
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39) . After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 . Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded as 7th Baron Harington , 2nd Baron Bonville
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Mar 1461

Around Mar 1461 Thomas Billing -1481 was knighted on the accession of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .

In Mar 1641 James Dillon 1st Earl Roscommon 1550-1641 (91) died . In Mar 1461 His son Robert Dillon 2nd Earl Roscommon -1642 succeeded as 2nd Earl Roscommon .

07 Mar 1461

On 07 Mar 1461 Gaston Grailly V Count Foix 1443-1470 (18) and Magdalena Valois Count Foix 1443-1495 (17) were married . Magdalena Valois Count Foix 1443-1495 (17) by marriage Count Foix .

12 Mar 1461

12 Mar 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Commission to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , to receive deserters from the party of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By K (18) by word of mouth.

18 Mar 1461

18 Mar 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant, during the King's pleasure, to the King's kinsman Henry, viscount Bourchier (57) , of the office of treasurer of the Exchequer in the same manner as Walter Hungerford , knight, late treasurer.

20 Mar 1461

On 20 Mar 1461 Bertrand Auvergne VI Count Auvergne 1390-1461 (71) died

21 Mar 1461

21 Mar 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Protection for two years for Edmund Grey of Ruthyn (44) , knight, going beyond the seas, and his men, and possessions.

29 Mar 1461

Before 29 Mar 1461 Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was created 1st Baron Grey Richemont

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35) , Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50) , John Bigod -1461 , Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71) , Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49) , Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) , John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33) , Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61) , Everard Simon Digby -1461 , William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed .
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed . His son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded as 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed . His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded as 7th Baron Welles .
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60) , William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) , Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) , Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) . Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire . His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded as 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) . Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) .
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed .
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed .
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

After 29 Mar 1461 Henry Rochford -1470 and Elizabeth Scrope 1439-1503 (22) were married

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) was appointed 184th Knight Garter: Henry VI .

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) was created 1st Baron Wenlock (1C 1461) .

After 29 Mar 1461 Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) escaped to Queen Margaret at France

After 29 Mar 1461 William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) and Jane Vere were married .

After 29 Mar 1461 Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 was buried at St Deny's Church, York, Yorkshire .

30 Mar 1461

After 30 Mar 1461 Richard Hamerton and Elizabeth Clifford were married

Apr 1461

03 Apr 1461

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35) , Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50) , John Bigod -1461 , Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71) , Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49) , Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) , John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33) , Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61) , Everard Simon Digby -1461 , William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed .
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed . His son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded as 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed . His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded as 7th Baron Welles .
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60) , William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) , Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) , Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) . Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire . His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded as 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) . Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) .
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed .
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed .
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

On 03 Apr 1461 Anne Valois Duchess Bourbon 1461-1522 was born to Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (37) and Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France 1441-1483 (19)

29 Apr 1461

29 Apr 1461 . Durham, County Durham . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant to Cecilia , late wife of Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 , knight, and executrix of his will, during the minority of Giles the son and heir of William Daubeney 1424-1460 late of Southpederton , co Somerset, esquire, deceased, of all the possessions of the latter, with the custody and marriage of the heir, saving to Alice the late wife of the said William her reaonsable dower. If the heir dire during the minority she hsall have the same during the minority of the next heir, and so on. By p.s.

May 1461

02 May 1461

02 May 1461 . Westminster .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like (Grant for life) to the king's (19) kinsman John Neville of Montagu (30) , knight, from Easter last, of the king's mines in Decon and Cornwall in which gold and silver can be found or worked for, at a rent of 110l yearly, as the king's father used to pay, with power of demise the same for 10, 15 or 20 years, provided that after his death the holders pay a tithe of the pure silver or lead to the king or his farmer.By p.s.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

04 May 1461

04 May 1461 . Westminster .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to the king's (19) kinsman George (29) , bishop of Exeter, from Easter last of the custody of the king's manor manor or lordship of Chiltern Langley, Hertfordshire , with mills, rents, vert and other profits, excepting 250 rabbits yearly for the king's hosehold, at a yearly rent of 50 marks 20d as formerly and 6s 8d besides; with acquittance of repairs and alloanc for any annuity granted out of the manor.By K (19) .

07 May 1461

07 May 1461 . Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like (Grant for life) to the said earl (33) of the offices of steward of the manor or lordship of Fekenham , co Worcester, and master forester and rider of the kings forst of Fekenham with the custody of the king's park of Fekenham and the stank there, with the accustomed fees. By other latters patent.

07 May 1461 . Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like (Grant for life) to the said earl (33) of the office of master of the king's mews and falcons and a messuage called 'le Mewehous' at Charryng by Westminster, co Middlesex, with all houses and other profits pertaining to the same, in the same manner as John, duke of Bedford , deceased; and appointment of him to take th eking's right prises of falcons, goshawks, sakers, sakrets, lanners, lannerets and ger-falcons sold within the realm, paying the accustomed price viz 20s for each tercel of goshawk , saker , lanner or lanneret . By other latters patent.

07 May 1461 . Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Appointment for life of the said earl (33) as great chamberlain of England , with the accustomed fees. By other latters patent.

07 May 1461 . Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant to the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , of the custody of all lordships, manors and lands with knight's fees and advowsons held by the king's uncle George Neville (54) , knight, lord Latymer, within the county of York or elsewhere, during the idiotcy of the latter, even though no inquisition has been taken.By other letters patent.

07 May 1461 . Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to the king's kinsman Richard (33) , earl of Warwick, of the office of constable of the king's castle of Dover , and al rents and services called 'castelwarde', and herbage and advowsons pertaining to the same, and the wardenship of the Cinque Ports and all forfeitures, 'shares', wreck of sea and other profits; and also 300l yearly for the sustenances of himself and priests, servants, watchmen, and other officers there, in the same manner as Humphey , late Duke of Gloucester, viz 146l frin the wards pertaining to the castle and 154l from the fee farm of the town of Southampton. By other latters patent.

08 May 1461

08 May 1461 . York, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Commission to John Haryngton (47) , esquire, John Kyrton, Thomas Banke and William Boleyn to arrest Thomas CLaymond, esquire, Robert Heryng, 'sowter' and John Hedale, carpenter, and bring them before the king (19) in Chancery.

08 May 1461 . York, Yorkshire .Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to William Herbert (38) , knight, of the offices of office of chief justice and chamberlain of South Wales, steward of the commontes in the counties of Caermarthen and Cardigan , and chief forester in those counties (Carmarthenshire ,Cardignshire).

10 May 1461

After 10 May 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) raised the siege at Carlisle, Cumberland

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Jun 1461

On Jun 1461 Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 (22) was captured at Brancepeth, County Durham

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 (25) were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) .The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

05 Jun 1461

On 05 Jun 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury (43) , of the custody of the lordship, manor and park of Langle by Maydeston, co Kent , rendering 5 marks yearly.By K (19) .

10 Jun 1461

On 10 Jun 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Ratification for life of the estate of Master Robert Stillyngton (41) , king's clerk as deacon of the king's free chapel of St Martin le Grand , London, archdeacon of Colchester in the cathedral of London and of Taunton in the cathedral of Wells, prebendary of Wetewang in the cathedral of York, Marther (possibly typo since 'Martha' unknown) in the cathedral of St Davids and the prebend which John Luca lately had in the king's free chapel of St Stephen within his palace of Wesminster, and person of the church of Aysshebury, in the diocese of Salisbury.

27 Jun 1461

On 27 Jun 1461 Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (11) was appointed as Knight of the Bath .

Jul 1461

05 Jul 1461

On 05 Jul 1461 Otto I Wittelsbach I Count Palatine 1390-1461 (70) died

21 Jul 1461

21 Jul 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like to John Howard (36) , king's knight, the office of the constableship and custody of Norwich Castle from Exeter lats, with the fees as in the times of Edward III and Richard II from the issues of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk.

22 Jul 1461

On 22 Jul 1461 Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (58) died . His son Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (38) succeeded as XI King France: Capet Valois . Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France 1441-1483 (19) by marriage Queen Consort France .

25 Jul 1461

25 Jul 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Exemption for life of Geoffrey Boleyne (55) , alderman of London, for his good service to the king's father, from being put on assizes, juries, inquisitions, attaints or recognisances and dfrom being made trier of them, taxer, collector, or assesor of customs, taxes, tallages, fifteenths, tenths or other subsidies, knight, major, sheriff, escheator, commissioner, constable, sheriff, bailiff or other officer or minister of the king against his will.By p.s.

28 Jul 1461

Edward IV Rewards his Followers

On 28 Jul 1461 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) was appointed as Keeper of the Privy Seal .

28 Jul 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Appointment, during good behaviour, of John Howard (36) , knight, as one of the king's carvers , receiving 40lyearly, viz 20l from the far of the town of Ipswich, co Suffolk, ad 20l from the issues of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk.By p.s.

Aug 1461

On Aug 1461 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) arrested by the French at France . He was buried at Hungerford Chapel, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire .

15 Aug 1461

On 15 Aug 1461 Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (38) was crowned XI King France: Capet Valois

Sep 1461

01 Sep 1461

On 01 Sep 1461 William Norreys 1385-1461 (76) died .

23 Sep 1461

On 23 Sep 1461 Charles "Viana" IV King Navarre 1421-1461 (40) died . His sister Blanche Trastámara II Queen Navarre 1424-1464 (37) succeeded as II King Navarre

Oct 1461

01 Oct 1461

On 01 Oct 1461 Thomas Carew 1425-1461 (36) died .

07 Oct 1461

On 07 Oct 1461 Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (71) died

Nov 1461

On Nov 1461 Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 (22) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

01 Nov 1461

On 01 Nov 1461 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) was appointed as Keeper of the Privy Seal

On 01 Nov 1461 William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) was created 1st Earl Kent (7C 1461)

06 Nov 1461

On 06 Nov 1461 John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (46) died . He was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk . His son John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (17) succeeded as 4th Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) 7th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312) , 5th Earl Nottingham (2C 1383) , 10th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 11th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) and Earl Marshal .

15 Nov 1461

On 15 Nov 1461 Nicholas Hay 2nd Earl Erroll 1436-1470 (25) and Elizabeth Gordon Countess Erroll -1500 were married . Elizabeth Gordon Countess Erroll -1500 by marriage as Earl Erroll .

26 Nov 1461

26 Nov 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .The like (Grant for life) to Margaret, duchess of Somerset (51) , of 166l 13s 4d yearly from Michaelmas, 39 Henry VI, from the king's petty custom in the port of London and the same at the same at the receipt of the Exchequer, in lieu of a grant and confirmation to her of the same sums in pdwer by latters atent dated 9 July, surrendered. By K (19) .

Dec 1461

02 Dec 1461

02 Dec 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to the king's (19) kinsman John, earl of Worcester (34) , of the office of the constable of the Tower of London , with the accustomed fees.

03 Dec 1461

03 Dec 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Appointment of the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , to execute the office of steward of England at the trial of Henry VI and other rebels who murdered the King's father Richard, duke of York, at Wakefield.

12 Dec 1461

12 Dec 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant for life to Richard Wydevill (56) , lord of Ryvers, of the office of chief rider of the king's forest of Saucy . co Northampton, with all trees and profits, viz dry trees, dead trees, blown down, old hedges or copice-hedges, boughs fallen without date, cahettels, waifs, strays, pannage of swine, 'derefall wode', 'draenes' brushwood and brambles, [erquisites of courts, swainmote and other issues within the forest, from the time when he had he same by letters patent of Henry VI.

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

15 Dec 1461

On 15 Dec 1461 Afonso Aviz I Duke Braganza 1377-1461 (84) died .