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Events in ... 1491 ...

Before 1491 Ralph Ogle 3rd Baron Ogle 1468-1512 (22) and Margaret Gascoigne Baroness Ogle were married . Margaret Gascoigne Baroness Ogle by marriage Baroness Ogle .

Before 1491 Dorothy Giffard 1490-1571 was born to John Giffard 1466-1556 (24) at Chillington, Staffordshire .

Before 1491 Thomas Carey 1455-1500 (35) and Margaret Spencer 1472-1536 (18) were married

Around 1491 William Boleyn 1491-1571 was born to William Boleyn 1451-1505 (40) and Margaret Butler 1465-1537 (26) .

In 1491 Hugh Willoughby -1491 died

In 1491 Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (40) fought at Brittany

In 1491 Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (40) and Elizabeth Burgh Baroness Fitzhugh -1507 were married

In 1491 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . In the meane ceason these newes were related to Charles the Freeh kyng (20) , then beyng in displeasure with kyng Henry, which without delay sent for Perkyn (17) into Irelande to the entent to sende hytn agaynste the kynge of England, whiche was inuadyng France (as you before haue heard). This Flemyng Perkyn (17) was not a litle joyfull of thys message, thinkinge by this onely request to be exalted into heauen, when he was called to the familiarite and acquayntaunce of kynges and prynces: & so with all diligence sayled into Fraunce, with a very small nauy, not so small as smally furnished. And commynge to the kynges presence was of hyin royally accepted, and after a princely fassion entreteyned, & had a garde to hym assigned, wherof was gouernour y lord Cogreshal. And to hym at Parys resorted syr George Neuell bastard, Syr IhonTayler, Rouland Robynson and an hundred Englishe rebelles. But after that a peace, as before is sayde was appoynted and concluded betwixt him and the kynge of England, the ayde kynge Charles dismissed the younge man, and woulde no lenger kepe hym. But some men saye whiche were there attendynge on hym, that he fearynge that kyng Charles, woulde deliuer hym to the kynge of Englande, beguyled the lord Congreshall, andi fledde awaye from Parys by nyght. But whether he departed without the Frenche kynges consent or disassent, he deceaned in his expectation, and in maner in despayre, returned agayn to the lady Margaret (44) his first foolishe foundacion.

In 1491 John Carey 1491-1552 was born to Thomas Carey 1455-1500 (36) and Margaret Spencer 1472-1536 (19)

In 1491 John Knyvet 1416-1491 died

Around 1491 John Constable 1491-1555 was born to Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (34) and Margery Fitzhugh

Around 1491 Katherine Conyers 1491-1566 was born to William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (22) and Anne Neville Baroness Conyers .

Around 1491 Christopher Conyers 2nd Baron Conyers 1491-1538 was born to William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (22) and Anne Neville Baroness Conyers .

In 1491 Elizabeth Denny 1491-1516 was born to Edmund Denny Chief Baron 1457-1520 (34) and Mary Troutbeck 1488-1507 (3)

In 1491 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . When this diabolicall duches (44) had framed her cloth mete for y market, and ymagened that all thinges was ready and prepared for the confusion of kyng Henry, sodeynly she was enformed that the sayde kynge of England prepared a puissant army agaynste Charles the Frenche kyng (20) . Then she considering the oportunitie of the tyme, as who would saye, a tyme wished and a daye desyred to achcue and brynge too passe her olde malicious and cantarde inuencions, which alwayes nothinge lesse mynded then peace and tranquilite, and nothing more desired then dissencion, ciuile warre and destruccion of kyng Henry. Wherefore she sent Perkyn Werbeck (17) , her new inuented Mawmet first into Portyngall, and so craftely into the realm of Ireland, to thentent that he beynge bothe witty and wilye might moue, inuegle and prouoke the rude and rusticall Irishenacion (beyng more of nature euclyived to rebellion then to reasonable ordre) to a new conflict and a sedicious commocion. This worshipfull Perkyn (17) , arriuyng in Ireland, whether it were more by hys crafty witte, or by the malicious and beastly exhortacion of the saltiage Irish gouernours, within short space entred so farre into their fauoures, and so seriously perswaded and allured them to his purpose, that the greatest lordes and princes of the coutry, adhibited such faith and credite to his woordes, as that thing had bene true in dede, whiche he vntruly with false demonstracions setfoorth and diuulged. And as though he had bene the very sonne of kynge Edwarde, they honoured, exalted and applauded hym with all reuerence and dewe honoure, promising to hym aide, comforte and assistence of all thinges to the feat of warre, necessary and apperteynyng.

Around 1491 John Foljambe 1491-1499 was born to Godfrey Foljambe 1472- and Catherine Leeke 1476-1529 (15)

In 1491 Mary Grey Baroness Ferrers Chartley 1491-1538 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (36) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (30)

Around 1491 Edmund Grey 9th Baron Grey Wilton 1469-1511 (22) and Florence Hastings Baroness Grey Wilton 1473-1536 (18) were married

In 1491 John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (35) was elected as MP Grantham

In 1491 Edward Willoughby 1491-1517 was born to Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer 1472-1521 (19) and Elizabeth Beauchamp Baroness Willoughby Broke at Broke, Westbury, Wiltshire .

Around 1491 George Campbell of Loudon 1436-1491 (55) died

In 1491 Anne Orléans Valois-Orleans Abbess Fontevraud 1464-1491 (27) died

In 1491 François Valois Duke Longueville 1447-1491 (44) died .

In 1491 John Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1414-1491 (76) died .

In 1491 Jacques Bourbon 1490-1491 (1) died .

In 1491 Richard Empson 1450-1510 (41) was appointed as Knight of the Shire: Northamptonshire

In 1491 Thomas Foderingay 1446-1491 (45) died

In 1491 Ralph Gell 1491-1564 was born .

In 1491 Dorothy Scrope -1491 died

In 1491 David Home 1491-1513 was born to George Home 1432- (59) in Wedderburn Castle .

In 1491 John Huddlestone 1491-1530 was born to William Huddlestone 1466-1509 (25) and Isabel Neville 1457-1516 (33) in Sawston, Cambridgeshire .

In 1491 Anne Lorraine 1490-1491 died at Bar-le-Duc .

In 1491 John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513 and Agnes Traquair Countess Bothwell were married . Agnes Traquair Countess Bothwell by marriage Lord Maxwell .

In 1491 John Crofts 1491-1558 weas born to John Crofts 1467-1519 (24)

In 1491 Margaret Griffith -1491 died

Around 1491 Anne Hart 1491-1566 was born to John Harte -1543

In 1491 John Thorton 1491-1561 was born to Robert Thornton 1454-1514 (37)

In 1491 Humphrey Babington 1491-1544 was born to Thomas Babington 1449-1518 (42) and Editha Fitzherbert 1457-1511 (34)

In 1491 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . This yere was borne at Grenewiche lord Henry , seconde sonne to y kyng (33) , whiche was created duke of Yorke , and after prynce of Wales, and in conclusion succeded his father in eroune and dignitee. Nowe let vs returne to the newe founde sonne of kynge Edwarde, coniured by mennespollicies from death to lyfe.
And first to declare hys lignage and beginning, yon must vnderstad that the duches of Burgoyne (44) so norished and brought vp in the sedicious andscelerate faccions of false contryuers & founders of discorde coulde never cease nor be in quyet (lyke a vyper that is ready to burste with superfluyte of poyson) except he should infest and vnguyet y king of England, for no desert or displeasure by hym to her committed, but onely because he was propagate ant! deseeded of the house of Lacastre, euer beyng aduerse & enemy to her lyne & lynage. For which only cause she compassed, ymagenedand inuented how to cast a scorpio in his bosome, and to infect his whole reahne with, a pestiferous discorde. To thentent that he beyng vanquyshed and brought to confusion, both the boylynge heate of her malicious harte mighte be fully saciated with hys innocent bloude, and also auauce and preferre some darlyng of her faccion to his Empire rule and dignitee. And principally remembring that the erie of Lyncoln, which was by her set foorth and al his copany had small fortune & worsse successe in their progression and enterprice, contrary to her hope and expectacion, she lyke a dogge reuertynge to her olde vomyte, beganne to deuyse & spynne a new w ebbe, lyke a spyder that dayly weaueth when hys calle is torne. And as the deuell prouydeth venemous sauce to corrupt banckettes, so for her purpose she espyed a certayne younge man of visage beutiful, of countenaunce demure, of wit subtile crafty and pregnant, called Peter Watbecke. And for his dastard cowardnes of the Englishmen, in derision called Perkyn Warbeck (17) , accordyng to the duche phrase, whiche chauge the name of Peter to Perfcyn, to yogelinges of no strength nor courage for their timerous hartes and pusillanimitee : Whiehe yonge man traueyiyng many coun treys, coulde speake English and many other languages, & for his basenes of stocke and birthe was knowen of none almoost, and only for the gayne of hys liuyng from his childehoode was of necessitee, compelled to seke and frequet dyuerse realmes and regions. Therfore the duches (44) thinkyng to haue gotten God by the foote, whe she had the deuell by the tayle, & adjudging this youg man to be a mete organe to conuey her purpose, and one not vnlike to be'f duke of Yorke , sonne to her brother kyng Edward , whiche was called Richard , kept hym a certayne space with her preuely, and hym with such diligece instructed, bothe of the secretes and common affaires of the realrne of England, & of the lignage, dissent and ordre of the house of Yorke, that he like a good scholer not forgettyng his lesson coulde tell all that was taught him promptly without any difficultie or signe of any subornacion: and besides, he kept suche a princely countenaunce, and so countrefeate a maiestie royall, that all men in maner did fermely beleue that he was extracted of the noble house and familie of the dukes of Yorke. For surely it was a gift geuen to that noble progeny as of nature in the rootc plated that all the sequele of that lyne and stock did study and deuyse how to be equyualent in honoure and fame with their forefathers and noble predecessors.

In 1491 George Booth 1491-1531 was born to William Booth 1473-1519 (17) at Dunham Massey, Cheshire

In 1491 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (3) accompanied Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (33) to Brittany .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

After 1491 Maud Clifford 1442-1491 (49) died

Jan 1491

12 Jan 1491

Este and Visconti Double Wedding

On 12 Jan 1491 Alfonso Este I Duke Modena 1476-1534 (14) and Anne Sforza 1476-1497 (14) were married fourteen years after their bethrothal. The marriage was unhappy: blonde and without femininity, Anna, all her time dressed like a man, refused to consummate her union, preferred the company of women and spent every night with a small black slave.

On 12 Jan 1491 Ludovico Sforza Duke Milan 1452-1508 (38) and Beatrice Este 1475-1497 (15) were married .

On 12 Jan 1491 a double wedding ceremony was held between the Este and Visconti families of Milan. Leonardo da Vinci orchestrated the celebrations.

Feb 1491

09 Feb 1491

After 09 Feb 1491 John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (53) and Anne Harling Baroness Scrope Bolton 1433-1498 (58) were married . Anne Harling Baroness Scrope Bolton 1433-1498 (58) by marriage Baroness Scrope Bolton .

14 Feb 1491

On 14 Feb 1491 Elizabeth Bonville Baroness Kyme -1491 died

17 Feb 1491

On 17 Feb 1491 Piero Trastámara 1472-1491 (18) died

21 Feb 1491

On 21 Feb 1491 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell 1452-1508 (39) and Margaret Gordon Countess Bothwell were married . Margaret Gordon Countess Bothwell by marriage as Earl Bothwell .

May 1491

On May 1491 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (71) died . He was buried at Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset

10 May 1491

On 10 May 1491 Suzanne Bourbon Duchess Bourbon 1491-1521 was born to Peter Bourbon II Duke Bourbon 1438-1503 (52) and Anne Valois Duchess Bourbon 1461-1522 (30)

Jun 1491

28 Jun 1491

In 1491 . Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year . This yere was borne at Grenewiche lord Henry , seconde sonne to y kyng (33) , whiche was created duke of Yorke , and after prynce of Wales, and in conclusion succeded his father in eroune and dignitee. Nowe let vs returne to the newe founde sonne of kynge Edwarde, coniured by mennespollicies from death to lyfe.
And first to declare hys lignage and beginning, yon must vnderstad that the duches of Burgoyne (44) so norished and brought vp in the sedicious andscelerate faccions of false contryuers & founders of discorde coulde never cease nor be in quyet (lyke a vyper that is ready to burste with superfluyte of poyson) except he should infest and vnguyet y king of England, for no desert or displeasure by hym to her committed, but onely because he was propagate ant! deseeded of the house of Lacastre, euer beyng aduerse & enemy to her lyne & lynage. For which only cause she compassed, ymagenedand inuented how to cast a scorpio in his bosome, and to infect his whole reahne with, a pestiferous discorde. To thentent that he beyng vanquyshed and brought to confusion, both the boylynge heate of her malicious harte mighte be fully saciated with hys innocent bloude, and also auauce and preferre some darlyng of her faccion to his Empire rule and dignitee. And principally remembring that the erie of Lyncoln, which was by her set foorth and al his copany had small fortune & worsse successe in their progression and enterprice, contrary to her hope and expectacion, she lyke a dogge reuertynge to her olde vomyte, beganne to deuyse & spynne a new w ebbe, lyke a spyder that dayly weaueth when hys calle is torne. And as the deuell prouydeth venemous sauce to corrupt banckettes, so for her purpose she espyed a certayne younge man of visage beutiful, of countenaunce demure, of wit subtile crafty and pregnant, called Peter Watbecke. And for his dastard cowardnes of the Englishmen, in derision called Perkyn Warbeck (17) , accordyng to the duche phrase, whiche chauge the name of Peter to Perfcyn, to yogelinges of no strength nor courage for their timerous hartes and pusillanimitee : Whiehe yonge man traueyiyng many coun treys, coulde speake English and many other languages, & for his basenes of stocke and birthe was knowen of none almoost, and only for the gayne of hys liuyng from his childehoode was of necessitee, compelled to seke and frequet dyuerse realmes and regions. Therfore the duches (44) thinkyng to haue gotten God by the foote, whe she had the deuell by the tayle, & adjudging this youg man to be a mete organe to conuey her purpose, and one not vnlike to be'f duke of Yorke , sonne to her brother kyng Edward , whiche was called Richard , kept hym a certayne space with her preuely, and hym with such diligece instructed, bothe of the secretes and common affaires of the realrne of England, & of the lignage, dissent and ordre of the house of Yorke, that he like a good scholer not forgettyng his lesson coulde tell all that was taught him promptly without any difficultie or signe of any subornacion: and besides, he kept suche a princely countenaunce, and so countrefeate a maiestie royall, that all men in maner did fermely beleue that he was extracted of the noble house and familie of the dukes of Yorke. For surely it was a gift geuen to that noble progeny as of nature in the rootc plated that all the sequele of that lyne and stock did study and deuyse how to be equyualent in honoure and fame with their forefathers and noble predecessors.

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent . He was created as Duke Cornwall .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Christening of Henry VIII

After 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 was baptised by Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (43) at the Church of the Observant Friars, Greenwich, Kent .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Jul 1491

13 Jul 1491

On 13 Jul 1491 Afonso Aviz 1475-1491 (16) died .

Oct 1491

06 Oct 1491

On 06 Oct 1491 Francis Bourbon Duke Estouteville 1491-1545 was born to Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495 (21) and Marie Luxembourg Count Vendôme

18 Oct 1491

On 18 Oct 1491 Richard Empson 1450-1510 (41) was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons

Nov 1491

14 Nov 1491

On 14 Nov 1491 John Sothill 1450-1491 (41) died .

Dec 1491

22 Dec 1491

On 22 Dec 1491 Janus Savoy 1440-1491 (51) died .