Events in ... 1652 ...

From 1644 to 1652 Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles 1599-1680 (44) lived at 13-14 Great Piazza, Covent Garden, Westminster .

Before 1652 John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (34) . Portrait of Anne Somerset Countess Norfolk 1631-1662 (20) .

Before 1652 John Weesop -1652 . Portrait of James Cranfield 2nd Earl Middlesex 1621-1651 .

Before 1652 John Weesop -1652 . Portrait of Frances Cranfield 5th Countess Dorset 1622-1687 (29) .

Before 1652 John Weesop -1652 (attributed). Portrait of Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond.

Before 1652 John Weesop -1652 (attributed). Portrait of Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond.

Before 1652 John Weesop -1652 . Portrait of Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Craven (33) .

Before 1652 John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (31) and Mary Browne 1635-1708 (16) were married .

Around 1644 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (45) . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (23) .

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (68) .

Around 1650 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (47) . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (29) .

Before 1652 George Evelyn 1617-1699 (34) and Mary Offley -1664 were married .

Before 1652 George Speke 1623-1689 (28) and Mary Pye 1640-1697 (11)

Before 1652 Simon Harcourt 1603-1643 and Anne Paget 1605-1661 (46) were married

Before 1652 Edward Clinton 1624-1657 (27) and Anne Holles -1707 were married .

Before 1652 . William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 . Portrait of John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (52) .

Before 1652 Philip Herbert 5th Earl Pembroke 1621-1669 (30) and Catherine Villers Countess Pembroke 1621-1678 (30) were married . Catherine Villers Countess Pembroke 1621-1678 (30) by marriage Countess Pembroke (10C 1551) .

Before 1652 Henry Pierrepoint 1st Marquess Dorchester 1606-1680 (45) and Cecilia Bayning were married

In 1652 Frances Manners -1652 died .

Around 1652 Susan Montagu Baroness Chandos -1652 died

In 1652 John Howard 1652-1711 was born to Henry Howard 22nd Earl Arundel, 5th Earl Surrey, 2nd Earl Norfolk 1608-1652 (43) and Elizabeth Stewart Countess Arundel, Countess Norfolk 1610-1674 (42)

In 1652 Henry Pierrepoint 1st Marquess Dorchester 1606-1680 (45) and Catherine Stanley Marchioness Dorchester were married

Around 1652 Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham 1652-1684 was born to Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick 1611-1659 (40) and Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick .

In 1652 George Russell 1652-1692 was born to William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (35) and Anne Carr Countess Bedford 1615-1684 (36)

Around 1672 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (53) . Postumous portrait of Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55) Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35) . Portrait of Anne Carr Countess Bedford 1615-1684 (19) .

In 1652 Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Chesterfield 1634-1714 (18) and Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield 1635-1654 (16) were married . Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield 1635-1654 (16) by marriage 2nd Countess Chesterfield .

Around 1655 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (36) . Portrait of (probably) Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield 1635-1654 .A three quarter-length portrait of a young woman, seated, looking slightly to the left, her right hand on the head of a sculptured dolphin-fountain and wearing a grey dress, with an old-gold mantle against a foliage background.

In 1652 Thomas Stanley 3rd Baronet Stanley 1652-1721 was born to Peter Stanley 2nd Baronet Stanley 1626-1683 (26) .

In 1652 Eleanor Tuchet 1590-1652 (62) died .

In 1652 Susan Villiers Countess Denbigh 1583-1652 (69) died .

In 1652 William Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Parham 1616-1673 (36) studied at Middle Temple, Temple, City of London .

Around 1652 Christopher Wray 2nd Baronet Ashby, 6th Baronet Glentworth 1652-1679 was born to William Wray 1st Baronet Ashby 1625-1669 (27) and Olympia Tufton Baronetess Ashby .

In 1652 Dorothy Cecil 1603-1652 (49) died .

In 1652 Catherine Cecil Countess Leicester -1652 died .

Around 1652 Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684 (23) and Anne Somerset Countess Norfolk 1631-1662 (21) were married .

In 1652 Jane Curzon -1652 died .

Around 1652 Robert Bacon 5th Baronet Bacon 1652-1704 was born to Butts Bacon -1662 .

In 1652 Annabel Campbell Countess Lothian -1652 died

Around 1652 Nathaniel Dummer 1652-1658 was born to Richard Dummer 1589-1679 (63) and Frances Burr

In 1652 Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (21) and Frances Pierrepoint Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1695 (21) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed).

In 1652 Thomas Robinson 1652-1719 was born to William Robinson 1625- .

In 1652 Anne Smithson 1652- was born to Hugh Smithson 1632-

In 1652 Grace Trenchard -1652 died

In 1652 William Waller 1597-1668 (55) and Anne Paget 1605-1661 (47) were married

In 1652 Ferdinand Maria Wittelsbach 1636-1679 (16) and Henriette Adelaide Savoy were married .

In 1652 William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts 1611-1677 (41) was appointed Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to the exiled Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) .

In 1652 Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (34) and Bridget Cromwell 1624-1662 (28) were married .

Around 1654 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (55) . Portrait of Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (36) .

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (67) . Portrait of Bridget Cromwell 1624-1662 (37) .

In 1652 Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (34) was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland .

Around 1654 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (55) . Portrait of Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (36) .

In 1652 Thomas Gardiner 1591-1652 (61) died

In 1652 John Lindsay 1st Earl Lindsay, 17th Earl Crawford 1596-1678 (56) succeeded as 17th Earl Crawford . Margaret Hamilton Countess Lindsay, Countess Crawford 1612-1666 (40) by marriage Countess Crawford .

In 1652 James Long 1652-1690 was born to Walter Long 2nd Baronet Long 1627-1710 (25) in Athelhampton, Dorset .

In 1652 Nicholas Lawes 1652-1731 was born

In 1652 Anne Ogle 1652-1682 was born to Thomas Ogle 1590-1659 (61)

In 1652 Justinian Povey -1652 died .

In 1652 Florence Rolle Baronetess Wrey 1652-1694 was born to John Rolle 1626-1706 (26)

In 1652 Charles Thynne 1568-1652 (84) died

Around 1652 John Speke 1652-1728 was born to George Speke 1623-1689 (28) and Mary Pye 1640-1697 (11)

In 1652 William Uvedale 1581-1652 (71) died .

In 1652 John Temple 1632-1705 (19) was awarded as Master of Arts: Cambridge University at Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

Around 1652 John Bassett 1652-1686 was born to John Bassett 1630-1660 (22) .

In 1652 John Weesop -1652 died

Around 1652 Henry Killigrew 1652-1712 was born to Henry Killigrew 1613-1700 (38) .

In 1652 Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester 1612-1658 (39) was created 1st Earl Rochester (1C 1652) . Anne St John Countess Rochester 1614-1696 (37) by marriage Countess Rochester (1C 1652) .

In 1652 Philip "Infamous Earl" Herbert 7th Earl Pembroke, 4th Earl Montgomery 1652-1683 was born to Philip Herbert 5th Earl Pembroke 1621-1669 (31) and Catherine Villers Countess Pembroke 1621-1678 (31) .

In 1652 Luise Sophie Hohenzollern 1652-1668 was born to Albert Hohenzollern 1620-1667 (31)

Jan 1652

02 Jan 1652

On 02 Jan 1652 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet Heathcote 1652-1733 was born to Gilbert Heathcote and Ann Dickens 1630-1705 (22) at Chesterfield, Derbyshire

02 Jan 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jan . News of my sister Glanville's death in childbed, which exceedingly affected me.
I went to one Mark Antonio, an incomparable artist in enameling. He wrought by the lamp figures in boss, of a large size, even to the life, so that nothing could be better molded. He told us stories of a Genoese jeweler, who had the great ARCANUM, and had made projection before him several times. He met him at Cyprus traveling into Egypt; in his return from whence, he died at sea, and the secret with him, that else he had promised to have left it to him; that all his effects were seized on, and dissipated by the Greeks in the vessel, to an immense value. He also affirmed, that being in a goldsmith's shop at Amsterdam, a person of very low stature came in, and desired the goldsmith to melt him a pound of lead; which done, he unscrewed the pommel of his sword, and taking out of a little box a small quantity of powder, casting it into the crucible, poured an ingot out, which when cold he took up, saying, "Sir, you will be paid for your lead in the crucible," and so went out immediately. When he was gone the goldsmith found four ounces of good gold in it; but could never set eye again on the little man, though he sought all the city for him. Antonio asserted this with great obtestation; nor know I what to think of it, there are so many impostors and people who love to tell strange stories, as this artist did, who had been a great rover, and spoke ten different languages.

29 Jan 1652

29 Jan 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jan . Abundance of my French and English friends and some Germans came to take leave of me, and I set out in a coach for Calais , in an exceedingly hard frost which had continued for some time. We got that night to Beaumont; 30th, to Beauvais; 31st, we found the ways very deep with snow, and it was exceedingly cold; dined at Pois; lay at Pernèe, a miserable cottage of miserable people in a wood, wholly unfurnished, but in a little time we had sorry beds and some provision, which they told me they hid in the wood for fear of the frontier enemy, the garrisons near them continually plundering what they had. They were often infested with wolves. I cannot remember that I ever saw more miserable creatures.

Feb 1652

On Feb 1652 Henry Poole 1592-1652 (60) died

01 Feb 1652

01 Feb 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jan . I dined at Abbeville ; 2nd, dined at Montreuil , lay at Boulogne ; 3rd, came to Calais , by eleven in the morning; I thought to have embarked in the evening, but, for fear of pirates plying near the coast, I dared not trust our small vessel, and stayed till Monday following, when two or three lusty vessels were to depart.
I brought with me from Paris Mr. Christopher Wase (25) , sometime before made to resign his Fellowship in King's College, Cambridge, because he would not take the Covenant. He had been a soldier in Flanders, and came miserable to Paris. From his excellent learning, and some relation he had to Sir R. Browne , I bore his charges into England, and clad and provided for him, till he should find some better condition; and he was worthy of it. There came with us also Captain Griffith, Mr. Tyrell, brother to Sir Timothy Tyrell, of Shotover (near Oxford).
At Calais , I dined with my Lord Wentworth (39) , and met with Mr. Heath, Sir Richard Lloyd, Captain Paine, and divers of our banished friends, of whom understanding that the Count de la Strade, Governor of Dunkirk, was in the town, who had bought my wife's (17) picture, taken by pirates at sea the year before (my wife having sent it for me in England), as my Lord of Norwich had informed me at Paris, I made my address to him, who frankly told me that he had such a picture in his own bedchamber among other ladies, and how he came by it; seeming well pleased that it was his fortune to preserve it for me, and he generously promised to send it to any friend I had at Dover; I mentioned a French merchant there and so took my leave.

06 Feb 1652

06 Feb 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Feb . I embarked early in the packet boat, but put my goods in a stouter vessel. It was calm, so that we got not to Dover till eight at night. I took horse for Canterbury , and lay at Rochester ; next day, to Gravesend , took a pair of oars, and landed at Sayes Court , where I stayed three days to refresh, and look after my packet and goods, sent by a stouter vessel. I went to visit my cousin, Richard Fanshawe (43) , and divers other friends.

13 Feb 1652

On 13 Feb 1652 August Oldenburg 1652-1689 was born to August Philipp Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1612-1675 (39) and Marie Sibylle Nassau-Saarbrücken Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck

28 Feb 1652

On 28 Feb 1652 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (22) and Christian Freschville 1633-1653 (18) were married .

In or before 1653 . Circle of Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (50) . Entitled "Wife of the First Duke of Bolton (23) " ie Christian Freschville 1633-1653 (19) .

Mar 1652

03 Mar 1652

On 03 Mar 1652 Thomas Otway 1652-1685 was born in Trotton, Sussex .

Before 16 Apr 1685 . John Riley 1646-1691 (39) . Portrait of Thomas Otway 1652-1685 .

06 Mar 1652

06 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . Saw the magnificent funeral of that arch-rebel, Ireton , carried in pomp from Somerset House to Westminster , accompanied with divers regiments of soldiers, horse and foot; then marched the mourners, General Cromwell (52) (his father-in-law), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and forty poor men in gowns, three led horses in housings of black cloth, two led in black velvet, and his charging horse, all covered over with embroidery and gold, on crimson velvet; then the guidons, ensigns, four heralds, carrying the arms of the State (as they called it), namely, the red cross and Ireland, with the casque, wreath, sword, spurs, etc.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet, and six horses, in which was the corpse; the pall held up by the mourners on foot; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of the plague), carried before in black scarfs. Thus, in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, soldiers reversing their arms, they proceeded through the streets in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebel, and had been very bloody to the King's party, witness his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle. My cousin, R. Fanshawe (43) , came to visit me, and informed me of many considerable affairs. Sir Henry Herbert (57) presented me with his brother, my Lord Cherbury's book, "De Veritate."

08 Mar 1652

On 08 Mar 1652 Charles Beale 1632-1705 (20) and Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (18) were married

Around 1666 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (32) . Portrait of her husband Charles Beale 1632-1705 (34) .

Around 1680 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (46) . Portrait of her husband Charles Beale 1632-1705 (48) .

In 1659 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (25) (attributed).Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury.

In 1670 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (36) . Portrait of Courtenay Pole 2nd Baronet Pole 1619-1695 (51) .

Around 1675 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (41) . Portrait of Margaret Twisden 1647-1718 (28) .

Around 1675 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (41) . Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop Salisbury 1643-1715 (31) .

Around 1675 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (41) . Portrait of Lady Norwich.Probably Jane Bickerton Duchess Norfolk 1643-1693 (32) who married the Duke around 1675 being his mistress prior to their marriage.

Around 1675 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (41) . Portrait of Lady Norwich.Probably Mary Maitland Marchioness Teviotdale .

Around 1675 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (41) . Portrait of Jane Tomlinson Baronetess Twisden .

In 1680 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (46) . Portrait of William Anson 1656-1720 (24) . Shugborough Hall.

Around 1680 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (46) . Portrait of her husband Edward Stillingfleet Bishop Worcester 1635-1699 (44) When Dean of St Pauls.

In 1687 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (53) . Portrait of Edwyn Sadleir 2nd Baronet Sadleir 1656-1719 (31) .

In 1688 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (54) . Portrait of Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689 (63) .

Before 30 Aug 1689 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (56) . Portrait of John Lake Bishop Sodor and Man.

Before 29 Dec 1689 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (56) . Portrait of Thomas Sydenham Father of English Medicine 1624-1689 (65) .

Around 1690 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (56) (attributed).Portrait of Edward Stillingfleet Bishop Worcester 1635-1699 (54) .

Around 05 Apr 1695 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (62) . Portrait of Mary Morice Baronetess Carew 1671-1698 (23) .

Before 05 Apr 1695 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (62) . Portrait of Christian Hill -1709 .

Before 05 Apr 1695 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (62) . Portrait of William Russell 7th Baronet Russell 1726-1758 (-30) .

Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (66) (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 .

09 Mar 1652

09 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . I went to Deptford , where I made preparation for my settlement, no more intending to go out of England, but endeavor a settled life, either in this or some other place, there being now so little appearance of any change for the better, all being entirely in the rebels' hands; and this particular habitation and the estate contiguous to it (belonging to my father-in-law, actually in his Majesty's service) very much suffering for want of some friend to rescue it out of the power of the usurpers, so as to preserve our interest, and take some care of my other concerns, by the advice and endeavor of my friends I was advised to reside in it, and compound with the soldiers. This I was besides authorized by his Majesty to do, and encouraged with a promise that what was in lease from the Crown, if ever it pleased God to restore him, he would secure to us in fee farm. I had also addresses and cyphers, to correspond with his Majesty and Ministers abroad: upon all which inducements, I was persuaded to settle henceforth in England, having now run about the world, most part out of my own country, near ten years. I therefore now likewise meditated sending over for my wife (17) , whom as yet I had left at Paris.

10 Mar 1652

On 10 Mar 1652 Mary Langham Countess Warrington 1652-1691 was born to James Langham 1620-1671 (32)

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37) . Portrait of Mary Langham Countess Warrington 1652-1691 (17) .

Before 23 Mar 1691 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (58) . Portrait of Mary Langham Countess Warrington 1652-1691 (39) .

14 Mar 1652

On 14 Mar 1652 Frederick Oldenburg 1651-1652 died .

On 14 Mar 1652 Benedicta Henrietta Palatinate-Simmern 1652-1730 was born to Edward Palatinate-Simmern 1625-1663 (26) .

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (63) . Portrait of Edward Palatinate-Simmern 1625-1663 (30) .

14 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . I went to Lewisham , where I heard an honest sermon on 1 Cor. ii. 5-7, being the first Sunday I had been at church since my return, it being now a rare thing to find a priest of the Church of England in a parish pulpit, most of which were filled with Independents and Fanatics.

15 Mar 1652

15 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . I saw the "Diamond " and "Ruby " launched in the Dock at Deptford , carrying forty-eight brass cannon each; Cromwell (52) and his grandees present, with great acclamations.

18 Mar 1652

18 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . That worthy divine, Mr. Owen, of Eltham, a sequestered person, came to visit me.

19 Mar 1652

19 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . Invited by Lady Gerrard , I went to London, where we had a great supper; all the vessels, which were innumerable, were of porcelain, she having the most ample and richest collection of that curiosity in England.

21 Mar 1652

On 21 Mar 1652 Piers Butler 1st Earl Newcastle 1652-1740 was born to Edward Butler 2nd Viscount Galmoye 1627-1667 (25) .

22 Mar 1652

22 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . I went with my brother Evelyn (34) to Wotton, to give him what directions I was able about his garden, which he was now desirous to put into some form; but for which he was to remove a mountain overgrown with huge trees and thicket, with a moat within ten yards of the house. This my brother immediately attempted, and that without great cost, for more than a hundred yards south, by digging down the mountain,and flinging it into a rapid stream; it not only carried away the sand, etc., but filled up the moat, and leveled that noble area, where now the garden and fountain is. The first occasion of my brother making this alteration was my building the little retiring place between the great wood eastward next the meadow, where, some time after my father's death, I made a triangular pond, or little stew, with an artificial rock after my coming out of Flanders.

27 Mar 1652

On 27 Mar 1652 Theresia Maria Josefa Habsburg-Spain Archduchess Austria 1652-1653 was born to Ferdinand King Bohemia, III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 (43) and Eleonora Gonzaga Queen Consort Bohemia 1630-1686 (22)

29 Mar 1652

29 Mar 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Mar . I heard that excellent prelate, the primate of Ireland (Jacobus Usher (71) ) preach in Lincoln's Inn , on Heb. iv. 16, encouraging of penitent sinners.

30 Mar 1652

Apr 1652

05 Apr 1652

Indemnity and Oblivion Act

05 Apr 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Apr . My brother George (34) brought to Sayes Court Cromwell's (52) Act of Oblivion to all that would submit to the Government.

09 Apr 1652

On 09 Apr 1652 Diana Russell Baroness Latimer, Baroness Willoughby Broke, Baroness Alington 1652-1701 was born to William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (35) and Anne Carr Countess Bedford 1615-1684 (36)

Around 1672 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (53) . Postumous portrait of Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55) Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35) . Portrait of Anne Carr Countess Bedford 1615-1684 (19) .

12 Apr 1652

On 12 Apr 1652 Maurita Febronia de La Tour d Auvergne 1652-1706 was born

13 Apr 1652

Before 13 Apr 1652 John Evelyn 1652-1691 was born to George Evelyn 1617-1699 (34) and Mary Offley -1664 .

13 Apr 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Apr . News was brought me that Lady Cotton, my brother George's (34) wife was delivered of a son .
I was moved by a letter out of France to publish the letter which some time since I sent to Dean Cosin's (57) proselyted son; but I did not conceive it convenient, for fear of displeasing her Majesty, the Queen.

15 Apr 1652

15 Apr 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Apr . I wrote to the Dean, touching my buying his library, which was one of the choicest collections of any private person in England.
The Count de Strade most generously and handsomely sent me the picture of my wife (17) from Dunkirk, in a large tin case without any charge. It is of Mr. Bourdon, and is that which has the dog in it, and is to the knees, but it has been somewhat spoiled by washing it ignorantly with soapsuds.

25 Apr 1652

25 Apr 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Apr .I went to visit Alderman Kendrick , a fanatic Lord Mayor, who had married a relation of ours, where I met with a Captain who had been thirteen times to the East Indies.

29 Apr 1652

29 Apr 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Apr . Was that celebrated eclipse of the sun, so much threatened by the astrologers, and which had so exceedingly alarmed the whole nation that hardly any one would work, nor stir out of their houses. So ridiculously were they abused by knavish and ignorant star-gazers.
We went this afternoon to see the Queen's house at Greenwich , now given by the rebels to Bulstrode Whitelockee (46) , one of their unhappy counselors, and keeper of pretended liberties.

In 1634 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (28) .

In 1650 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (44) .

May 1652

10 May 1652

10 May 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 May . Passing by Smithfield , I saw a miserable creature burning, who had murdered her husband. I went to see some workmanship of that admirable artist, Reeves, famous for perspective, and turning curiosities in ivory.

27 May 1652

On 27 May 1652 Elizabeth Charlotte Palatinate-Simmern Duchess Orléans 1652-1722 was born to Charles Louis Palatinate-Simmern 1617-1680 (34) and Charlotte Hesse-Kassel 1627-1686 (24) at Heidelburg

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (63) . Portrait of Charles Louis Palatinate-Simmern 1617-1680 (38) .

29 May 1652

29 May 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 May . I went to give order about a coach to be made against my wife's (17) coming, being my first coach, the pattern whereof I brought out of Paris.

30 May 1652

30 May 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 May . I went to obtain of my Lord Devonshire (34) that my nephew, George, might be brought up with my young Lord, his son, to whom I was recommending Mr. Wase (25) . I also inspected the manner of camleting silk and grograms at one Monsieur La Dorées in Moor-fields, and thence to Colonel Morley (36) , one of their Council of State, as then called, who had been my schoolfellow, to request a pass for my wife's (17) safe landing, and the goods she was to bring with her out of France; which he courteously granted, and did me many other kindnesses, that was a great matter in those days.
In the afternoon, at Charlton church, where I heard a Rabinical sermon. Here is a fair monument in black marble of Sir Adam Newton, who built that fair house near it for Prince Henry, and where my noble friend, Sir Henry Newton, succeeded him.

Jun 1652

03 Jun 1652

03 Jun 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jun . I received a letter from Colonel Morley (36) to the Magistrates and Searchers at Rye , to assist my wife (17) at her landing, and show her all civility.

04 Jun 1652

04 Jun 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jun . I set out to meet her (17) now on her journey from Paris, after she (17) had obtained leave to come out of that city, which had now been besieged some time by the Prince of Condé's army in the time of the rebellion, and after she had been now near twelve years from her own country, that is, since five years of age, at which time she went over. I went to Rye to meet her, where was an embargo on occasion of the late conflict with the Holland fleet, the two nations being now in war, and which made sailing very unsafe.
On Whit Sunday, I went to the church (which is a very fair one), and heard one of the canters, who dismissed the assembly rudely, and without any blessing. Here I stayed till the 10th with no small impatience, when I walked over to survey the ruins of Winchelsea , that ancient cinq-port, which by the remains and ruins of ancient streets and public structures, discovers it to have been formerly a considerable and large city. There are to be seen vast caves and vaults, walls and towers, ruins of monasteries and of a sumptuous church, in which are some handsome monuments, especially of the Templars, buried just in the manner of those in the Temple at London. This place being now all in rubbish, and a few despicable hovels and cottages only standing, hath yet a Mayor. The sea, which formerly rendered it a rich and commodious port, has now forsaken it.

11 Jun 1652

11 Jun 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jun . About four in the afternoon, being at bowls on the green, we discovered a vessel which proved to be that in which my wife (17) was, and which got into the harbor about eight that evening, to my no small joy. They had been three days at sea, and escaped the Dutch fleet, through which they passed, taken for fishers, which was great good fortune, there being seventeen bales of furniture and other rich plunder, which I bless God came all safe to land, together with my wife (17) , and my Lady Browne (42) , her mother, who accompanied her. My wife (17) being discomposed by having been so long at sea, we set not forth toward home till the 14th, when, hearing the smallpox was very rife in and about London, and Lady Browne (42) having a desire to drink Tunbridge waters, I carried them thither, and stayed in a very sweet place, private and refreshing, and took the waters myself till the 23d, when I went to prepare for their reception, leaving them for the present in their little cottage by the Wells.
The weather being hot, and having sent my man on before, I rode negligently under favor of the shade, till, within three miles of Bromley, at a place called the Procession Oak, two cutthroats started out, and striking with long staves at the horse, and taking hold of the reins, threw me down, took my sword, and hauled me into a deep thicket, some quarter of a mile from the highway, where they might securely rob me, as they soon did. What they got of money, was not considerable, but they took two rings, the one an emerald with diamonds, the other an onyx, and a pair of buckles set with rubies and diamonds, which were of value, and[Pg 277] after all bound my hands behind me, and my feet, having before pulled off my boots; they then set me up against an oak, with most bloody threats to cut my throat if I offered to cry out, or make any noise; for they should be within hearing, I not being the person they looked for. I told them that if they had not basely surprised me they should not have had so easy a prize, and that it would teach me never to ride near a hedge, since, had I been in the midway, they dared not have adventured on me; at which they cocked their pistols, and told me they had long guns, too, and were fourteen companions. I begged for my onyx, and told them it being engraved with my arms would betray them; but nothing prevailed. My horse's bridle they slipped, and searched the saddle, which they pulled off, but let the horse graze, and then turning again bridled him and tied him to a tree, yet so as he might graze, and thus left me bound. My horse was perhaps not taken, because he was marked and cropped on both ears, and well known on that road. Left in this manner, grievously was I tormented with flies, ants, and the sun, nor was my anxiety little how I should get loose in that solitary place, where I could neither hear nor see any creature but my poor horse and a few sheep straggling in the copse.
After near two hours attempting, I got my hands to turn palm to palm, having been tied back to back, and then it was long before I could slip the cord over my wrists to my thumb, which at last I did, and then soon unbound my feet, and saddling my horse and roaming a while about, I at last perceived dust to rise, and soon after heard the rattling of a cart, toward which I made, and, by the help of two countrymen, I got back into the highway. I rode to Colonel Blount's, a great justiciary of the times, who sent out hue and cry immediately. The next morning, sore as my wrists and arms were, I went to London, and got 500 tickets printed and dispersed by an officer of Goldsmiths' Hall, and within two days had tidings of all I had lost, except my sword, which had a silver hilt, and some trifles. The rogues had pawned one of my rings for a trifle to a goldsmith's servant, before the tickets came to the shop, by which means they escaped; the other ring was bought by a victualer, who brought it to a goldsmith, but he having seen the ticket seized the man. I afterward discharged him on his protestation of innocence. Thus did God deliver me from these villains, and not only so, but restored what they took, as twice before he had graciously done, both at sea and land, I mean when I had been robbed by pirates, and was in danger of a considerable loss at Amsterdam; for which, and many, many signal preservations, I am extremely obliged to give thanks to God my Savior.

21 Jun 1652

On 21 Jun 1652 Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (78) died

Around 1644 . William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (32) . Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (70) .

Around 1757 William Hogarth 1697-1764 (59) . Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 . The portrait was commissioned by Edward Littleton MP 4th Baronet 1727-1812 (30) when he was refurbishing his house Teddesley Hall, Penkridge, Staffordshire .

25 Jun 1652

Before 25 Jun 1652 Charles Dormer 2nd Earl Carnarvon 1632-1709 (19) and Elizabeth Capell Countess Carnarvon 1633-1678 (19) were married . Elizabeth Capell Countess Carnarvon 1633-1678 (19) by marriage Countess Carnarvon (1C 1628) , Baron Dormer .

On 25 Jun 1652 Robert Bruce -1652 died

On 25 Jun 1652 Charles Dormer 1652-1672 was born to Charles Dormer 2nd Earl Carnarvon 1632-1709 (19) and Elizabeth Capell Countess Carnarvon 1633-1678 (19) .

25 Jun 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jun . After a drought of near four months, there fell so violent a tempest of hail, rain, wind, thunder, and lightning, as no man had seen the like in his age; the hail being in some places four or five inches about, broke all glass about London, especially at Deptford, and more at Greenwich.

29 Jun 1652

29 Jun 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jun . I returned to Tunbridge , and again drank the water, till 10th of July.
We went to see the house of my Lord Clanrickarde (48) at Summer hill , near Tunbridge (now given to that villain, Bradshawe (50) , who condemned the King). 'Tis situated on an eminent hill, with a park; but has nothing else extraordinary.

Jul 1652

03 Jul 1652

On 03 Jul 1652 Mary Whitmore 1575-1652 (77) died .

04 Jul 1652

04 Jul 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jul . I heard a sermon at Mr. Packer's chapel at Groomsbridge, a pretty melancholy seat, well wooded and watered. In this house was one of the French kings kept prisoner. The chapel was built by Mr. Packer's father, in remembrance of King Charles the First's safe return out of Spain.

09 Jul 1652

09 Jul 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jul . We went to see Penshurst , the Earl of Leicester's, famous once for its gardens and excellent fruit, and for the noble conversation which was wont to meet there, celebrated by that illustrious person, Sir Philip Sidney (33) , who there composed divers of his pieces. It stands in a park, is finely watered, and was now full of company, on the marriage of my old fellow-collegiate, Mr. Robert Smith, who married my Lady Dorothy Sidney (35) , widow of the Earl of Sunderland.
One of the men who robbed me was taken; I was accordingly summoned to appear against him; and, on the 12th, was in Westminster Hall , but not being bound over, nor willing to hang the fellow, I did not appear, coming only to save a friend's bail; but the bill being found, he was turned over to the Old Bailey. In the meantime, I received a petition from the prisoner, whose father I understood was an honest old farmer in Kent. He was charged, with other crimes, and condemned, but reprieved. I heard afterward that, had it not been for his companion, a younger man, he would probably have killed me. He was afterward charged with some other crime, but, refusing to plead, was pressed to death.

23 Jul 1652

23 Jul 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jul . Came my old friend, Mr. Spencer, to visit me.

30 Jul 1652

30 Jul 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jul . I took advice about purchasing Sir Richard's interest of those who had bought Sayes Court .

Aug 1652

01 Aug 1652

01 Aug 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Aug . Came old Jerome Lennier , of Greenwich, a man skilled in painting and music, and another rare musician, called Mell. I went to see his collection of pictures, especially those of Julio Romano, which surely had been the King's (22) , and an Egyptian figure, etc. There were also excellent things of Polydore, Guido, Raphael, and Tintoretto. Lennier had been a domestic of Queen Elizabeth , and showed me her head, an intaglio in a rare sardonyx, cut by a famous Italian, which he assured me was exceedingly like her.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

02 Aug 1652

On 02 Aug 1652 Margaret Blagge 1652-1678 was born to Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (39) .

03 Aug 1652

Before 03 Aug 1652 Richard Anderson 1585-1652 (67) and Mary Spencer 1588-1658 (63) were married .

On 03 Aug 1652 Richard Anderson 1585-1652 (67) died .

24 Aug 1652

On 24 Aug 1652 Richard Evelyn 1652-1658 was born to John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (31) and Mary Browne 1635-1708 (17)

Around 1644 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (45) . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (23) .

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (68) .

Around 1650 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (47) . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (29) .

24 Aug 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Aug . My first child, a son , was born precisely at one o'clock.

Sep 1652

Sinking of HMS Defiance

On Sep 1652 Peyton Carteret -1652 and Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (31) drowned in the Virgin Islands, Caribbean when HMS Defiance sank.

02 Sep 1652

02 Sep 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Sep son by the name of Richard.

03 Sep 1652

Before 03 Sep 1652 John Bowes 1583-1652 (69) died

09 Sep 1652

11 Sep 1652

On 11 Sep 1652 Luise Hesse-Kassel 1652-1652 was born to Wilhelm "The Just" Hesse-Kassel 1629-1663 (23) and Hedwig Sophia Hohenzollern 1623-1683 (29) .

20 Sep 1652

On 20 Sep 1652 Louis Bourbon-Condé 1652-1653 was born to Louis "Le Grand Condé" Bourbon-Condé II Prince Condé 1621-1686 (31) and Claire-Clémence Maillé-Brézé Princess Condé .

21 Sep 1652

On 21 Sep 1652 Jenico Preston 8th Viscount Gormanston 1502-1560 de jure 3rd Viscount Gormanston , 6th Baron Gormaston .

22 Sep 1652

On 22 Sep 1652 Elizabeth Prettyman 1610-1652 (42) died .

22 Sep 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Sep . I went to Woodcott, where Lady Browne (42) was taken with scarlet fever, and died. She was carried to Deptford, and interred in the church near Sir Richard's relations with all decent ceremonies, and according to the church-office, for which I obtained permission, after it had not been used in that church for seven years. Thus ended an excellent and virtuous lady, universally lamented, having been so obliging on all occasions to those who continually frequented her house in Paris, which was not only an hospital, but an asylum to all our persecuted and afflicted countrymen, during eleven years' residence there in that honorable situation.

25 Sep 1652

25 Sep 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Sep . I went to see Dr. Mason's house, so famous for the prospect (for the house is a wretched one) and description of Barclay's "Icon Animarum."

27 Sep 1652

On 27 Sep 1652 Sophie Hedwig Oldenburg 1630-1652 (21) died

Nov 1652

05 Nov 1652

05 Nov 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Nov . To London, to visit some friends, but the insolences were so great in the streets that I could not return till the next day.
Dr. Scarborough was instant with me to give the Tables of Veins and Arteries to the College of Physicians, pretending he would not only read upon them, but celebrate my curiosity as being the first who caused them to be completed in that manner, and with that cost; but I was not so willing yet to part with them, as to lend them to the College during their anatomical lectures; which I did accordingly.

22 Nov 1652

22 Nov 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Nov . I went to London, where was proposed to me the promoting that great work (since accomplished by Dr. Walton, Bishop of Chester), "Biblia Polyglotta," by Mr. Pierson, that most learned divine.

Dec 1652

20 Dec 1652

On 20 Dec 1652 Samuel Bradford Bishop Carlisle and Rochester 1652-1731 was born

25 Dec 1652

25 Dec 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Dec . Christmas day, no sermon anywhere, no church being permitted to be open, so observed it at home. The next day, we went to Lewisham, where an honest divine preached.

31 Dec 1652

On 31 Dec 1652 Frances Cecil 1633-1652 (19) died .

31 Dec 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Dec . I adjusted all accompts, and rendered thanks to Almighty God for his mercies to me the year past.