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Events in ... 1665 ...

CONTENT

1665 Great Plague of London

1665 Five Mile Act

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1665 Cavalier Parliament (2C2)

From 1662 to 1665 Kenelm Digby 1603-1665 (59) lived at 43 King Street, King Street, Covent Garden, Westminster .

Before 1665 Anne Talbot 1664- was born to John Talbot 1630-1714 (34) and Barbara Slingsby 1633- .

Before 1665 William Petre 4th Baron Petre 1626-1684 (38) and Elizabeth Savage -1665 were married .

Around 1665 John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (47) . Portrait of Johanna St John Baronetess St John Lydiard Tregoze 1631-1705 (33) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) (circle of). Portrait of Thomas Fanshawe 1st Viscount Fanshawe 1596-1665 (69) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Mary Bagot Countess Falmouth.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Mary Bagot Countess Falmouth.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Mary Fane Countess Exeter 1639-1681 (26) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Gainsborough 1646-1690 (19) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (38) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (38) .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (19) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (19) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (48) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (48) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Cavalier Parliament (2C2)

In 1665 Joseph Maynard 1639-1689 (25) was elected as MP Bere Alston during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)

Five Mile Act

In 1665 the Five Mile Act sought to place further constraints on non-conformists by forbidding clergymen to live within five miles of a parish from which they had been expelled unless they swore an oath never to resist the king, or attempt to alter the government of Church or State. The latter involved swearing to obey the 1662 prayer book. Thousands of ministers were deprived of a living under this act.

Great Plague of London

In 1665 the last great bubonic plague occurred in England killing a quarter of London's population, between 60000 and 120000 people died, in around eighteen months.

In 1665 Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 (47) was created 1st Baron Arlington Harlington in Middlesex . Elisabeth Nassau-Beverweert Countess Arlington 1633-1718 (31) by marriage Baroness Arlington Harlington in Middlesex .

In 1665 Frances Willoughby 1572-1665 (93) died

In 1665 Philip Carteret 1639-1682 (26) was appointed as Governor New Jersey

In 1665 William Cavendish 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1592-1676 (72) was created 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne (1C 1665) . Margaret Lucas Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1623-1673 (42) by marriage Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne (1C 1665) .

In 1665 Hugh Cholmondeley 1591-1665 (74) died .

In 1665 Robert Dashwood 1665-1759 was born to Robert Dashwood 1602-1690 (63)

In 1665 Robert Dashwood 1659-1665 (6) died

Around 1665 Charles Berkeley 2nd Earl Berkeley 1649-1710 (15) educated at Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire .

Around 1665 Henrietta Berkeley 1665- was born to George Berkeley 1st Earl Berkeley 1628-1698 (37) and Elizabeth Massingberd Marchioness Berkeley -1708

In 1665 William Godolphin 1st Baronet Godolphin 1640-1710 (25) was elected as MP Helston

In 1665 Charles Howard 1583-1665 (82) died .

In 1665 Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (22) and Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (19) were married

In 1665 Warwick Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Okehampton 1620-1665 (44) died . In 1665 His son Charles Mohun 3rd Baron Mohun Okehampton 1645-1677 (20) succeeded as 3rd Baron Mohun Okehampton (1C 1628) .

In 1665 Charles Mohun 3rd Baron Mohun Okehampton 1645-1677 (20) and Philippa Annesley Baroness Mohun Okehampton -1745 were married . Philippa Annesley Baroness Mohun Okehampton -1745 by marriage Baroness Mohun Okehampton (1C 1628) .

In 1665 James Montagu 1602-1665 (63) died

In 1665 George Neville -1665 died

In 1665 John Talbot 1665-1686 was born to Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (42) and Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford 1642-1702 (22) .

Around 1665 John Greenhill 1644-1676 (21) . Portrait of Charles II King Scotland in his Garter Robes .

Around 1665 John Greenhill 1644-1676 (21) . Portrait of Charles II King Scotland in his Garter Robes .

In 1665 Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (78) died

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

In 1665 Christian Ludwig Hanover Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg 1622-1665 (43) died . His brother George Wilhelm Hanover Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg 1624-1705 (40) succeeded as Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg .

In 1665 George Devereux -1665 died .

Around 1665 Arabella Churchill 1648-1730 (16) became the mistress of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) .

In 1665 Ludovic Stewart 1619-1665 (46) died .

In 1665 Ralph Assheton 1st Baronet Assheton -1665 died . His son Ralph Assheton 2nd Baronet Assheton 1651-1716 (13) succeeded as 2nd Baronet Assheton of Middleton in Lancashire .

Around 1665 William Clavering-Cowper 1st Earl Cowper 1665-1723 was born .

In 1665 Thomas Frankland 2nd Baronet Thirkleby 1665-1726 was born to William Frankland 1st Baronet Thirkleby 1640-1697 (25) and Arabella Belasyse Baronetess Thirkleby

In 1665 Charles II Gonzaga 1629-1665 (36) died

In 1665 Charles II Gonzaga 1629-1665 (36) died

In 1665 John Gordon 2nd Baronet Gordon 1632-1665 (33) died

In 1665 Sigismund Francis Habsburg-Spain 1630-1665 (35) died

In 1665 Thomas Hyde 2nd Baronet Hyde -1665 died .

Around 1665 Jane Leigh Viscountess Tracy 1665-1708 was born to Thomas Leigh 1615-

In 1665 Elizabeth Bourchier 1598-1665 (67) died .

In 1653 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (54) . Portrait of Elizabeth Bourchier 1598-1665 (55) .

Battle of Lowestoft

In 1665 Henry Brouncker 3nd Viscount Brounckner 1627-1688 (38) was elected MP New Romney which seat he held until 21 Apr 1668 when he was expelled from the House of Commons when charges were brought against him, for allowing the Dutch fleet to escape during the Battle of Lowestoft , and for ordering the sails of the English fleet to be slackened in the name of the Duke of York (31) . This was essentially an act of treason. Such a military decision, taken without the Duke's (31) authority, was an incident seemingly without parallel, especially as his apparent motive was simply that he was fatigued with the stress and noise of the battle.

In 1665 Captain John Cox was appointed Captain of HMS Mary .

In 1665 John Denham 1615-1669 (50) and Margaret Brooke -1667 were married . She, thereafter, conducted a very public affair with the future King James II (31) . To her husband's mortification, she insisted on being acknowledged publicly as a Royal mistress, saying that she would not, unlike her predecessor Goditha Price "go up and down the back stairs".

In 1665 Guy Aldonce Marquis of Duras and Count of Rozan 1605–1665 (60) died .

In 1665 Stephen Fox 1627-1716 (37) was knighted.

In 1665 John Grenville 1665-1707 was born to John Grenville 1st Earl Bath 1628-1701 (36) .

In 1665 Elizabeth Jones Countess Kildare 1665-1758 was born to Richard Jones 1st Earl Ranelagh 1641-1712 (23)

In 1665 Charles Maccarthy -1665 died .

Around 1665 John Power 2nd Earl Tyrone 1665-1693 was born to Richard Power 1st Earl Tyrone 1630-1690 (35) and Dorothy Annesley Countess Tyrone .

In 1665 John Purcell -1665 died .

Around 1665 William Stafford of Blatherwyke 1627-1665 (38) died

In 1665 William Savile 2nd Marquess Halifax 1665-1700 was born to George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax 1633-1695 (31) and Dorothy Spencer 1640-1670 (25) .

In 1665 Henry Savile 1642-1687 (23) was appointed Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke of York (31) .

In 1665 William Strickland 3rd Baronet Strickland 1665-1724 was born to Thomas Strickland 2nd Baronet Strickland 1639-1684 (26) .

Around 1665 John Greenhill 1644-1676 (21) .Self-portrait.

In 1665 Barbara Talbot Viscountess Longueville 1665-1763 was born to John Talbot 1630-1714 (34) and Barbara Slingsby 1633- .

Around 1665 Joseph 3rd Baronet Alston 1665-1716 was born to Joseph 2nd Baronet Alston 1640-1688 (25)

In 1665 Mary Evelyn 1665-1685 was born to John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (44) and Mary Browne 1635-1708 (30) .

Around 1644 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (45) . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (23) .

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (68) .

Around 1650 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (47) . Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (29) .

In 1665 Francis Willoughby 1588-1665 (77) died .

In 1665 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (31) . Portrait of Thomas Fanshawe 1st Viscount Fanshawe 1596-1665 (69) .

In 1665 Stephen Glynne 4th Baronet Bicester aka Bisseter 1665-1729 was born to William Glynne 1st Baronet Bicester aka Bisseter 1638-1690 (26) and Penelope Anderson Baronetess Bicester aka Bisseter -1691 .

In 1665 Grizel Lyon 1665-1721 was born to Patrick Lyon 3rd Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1643-1695 (21) and Helen Middleton

In 1665 Amalie Hohenzollern 1664-1665 (1) died

In 1665 Antonio Francesca Ambassador Mesia Conde de Molina 1620-1674 (45) was appointed Spanish Ambassador to England .

Feb 1665

In Feb 1665 Colonel Thomas Blount 1604- was elected Fellow of the Royal Society . He resigned in 1668.

08 Feb 1665

On 08 Feb 1665 Thomas Povey 1614-1705 (51) proposed Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (31) as a Fellow of the Royal Society .

On 08 Feb 1665 Hugh Montgomerie 1665-1735 was born to James Montgomerie 1625-1674 (40) .

28 Feb 1665

On 28 Feb 1665 Louis Nassau-Beverweert 1602-1665 (63) died at The Hague .

Apr 1665

06 Apr 1665

On 06 Apr 1665 Ludwig Amadeus Victor Wittelsbach 1665-1665 was born to Ferdinand Maria Wittelsbach 1636-1679 (29) and Henriette Adelaide Savoy .

On 06 Apr 1665 Lucy Dutton Countess Downe 1638-1665 (26) died .

21 Apr 1665

Before 21 Apr 1665 George Neville 11th Baron Bergavenny 1615-1666 (50) and Mary Gifford Baroness Bergavenny were married . Mary Gifford Baroness Bergavenny by marriage Baroness Bergavenny (1C 1392) .

On 21 Apr 1665 George Neville 12th Baron Bergavenny 1665-1695 was born to George Neville 11th Baron Bergavenny 1615-1666 (50) and Mary Gifford Baroness Bergavenny .

29 Apr 1665

On 29 Apr 1665 James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde 1665-1745 was born to Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory 1634-1680 (30) and Emilia Nassau-Beverweert 1635-1688 (30) .

May 1665

25 May 1665

Jun 1665

In Jun 1665 Admiral Jeremy Smith -1675 was knighted.

03 Jun 1665

13 Jun 1665

Battle of Lowestoft

On 13 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) , Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (45) and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (39) defeated a Dutch Fleet.
Richard Boyle -1665 was killed .
Charles Maccarthy 2nd Earl Clancarty -1666 was killed . His son Callaghan Maccarthy 3rd Earl Clancarty -1676 succeeded as 3rd Earl Clancarty (1C 1658) .
Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth 1630-1665 (35) was killed by a cannonball aboard the Royal Charles . His father Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (65) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry . Penelope Godolphin Viscountess Fitzhardinge by marriage Viscountess Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry . Possibly the only occasion when a father has succeeded his son.
Charles Weston 3rd Earl Portland 1639-1665 (26) was killed . On 13 Jun 1665 His uncle Thomas Weston 4th Earl Portland 1609-1688 (55) succeeded as 4th Earl Portland (1C 1633) .
Thomas Allin 1st Baronet 1612-1685 (53) was present.
Admiral Jeremy Smith -1675 commanded the HMS Mary .

17 Jun 1665

On 17 Jun 1665 Thomas Watson 1665-1723 was born to Edward Watson 2nd Baron Rockingham 1630-1689 (34) and Anne Wentworth Baroness Rockingham 1629-1696 (35) .

Jul 1665

Great Plague of London

On Jul 1665 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) travelled to Salisbury, Wiltshire during the Great Plague of London .

On Jul 1665 Elizabeth Butler 2nd Countess Chesterfield 1640-1665 (25) died

In Jul 1665 Elizabeth Savage -1665 died .

After Jul 1665 Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Chesterfield 1634-1714 (31) and Elizabeth Dormer 2nd Countess Chesterfield were married . Elizabeth Dormer 2nd Countess Chesterfield by marriage 2nd Countess Chesterfield .

09 Jul 1665

On 09 Jul 1665 Stillborn Bourbon 1665- was born to Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans 1640-1701 (24) and Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 (21) .

Around 1672 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (53) . Postumous portrait of Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55) Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

13 Jul 1665

On 13 Jul 1665 Thomas Myddleton 1st Baronet Myddleton 1624-1665 (40) died . His son Thomas Myddleton 2nd Baronet Myddleton 1651-1684 (14) succeeded as 2nd Baronet Myddleton of Chirk Castle .

Aug 1665

In Aug 1665 John Flamsteed Astronomer 1646-1719 (18) wrote his first paper on astronomy, entitled Mathematical Essays, concerning the design, use and construction of an astronomer's quadrant, including tables for the latitude of Derby.

On Aug 1665 Donough Maccarthy 1st Earl Clancarty 1594-1665 (71) died . His grandson Charles Maccarthy 2nd Earl Clancarty -1666 succeeded as 2nd Earl Clancarty (1C 1658) . Margaret Burke Countess Clancarty -1698 by marriage Countess Clancarty (1C 1658) .

28 Aug 1665

On 28 Aug 1665 Charles Gordon 1st Earl Aboyne 1638-1681 (27) and Elizabeth Lyon Countess Aboyne -1681 (40) were married . Elizabeth Lyon Countess Aboyne -1681 (40) by marriage Countess Aboyne .

Sep 1665

In Sep 1665 John Clotworthy 1st Viscount Massereene -1665 died . John Skeffington 2nd Viscount Massereene -1695 jure uxoris 2nd Viscount Massereene .

Around 1648 . Unknown Artist . Portrait of John Clotworthy 1st Viscount Massereene -1665 .

08 Sep 1665

On 08 Sep 1665 Charles Dormer 1652-1672 (13) graduated as Master of Arts at Merton College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .

On 08 Sep 1665 Scrope Howe 1st Viscount Howe 1648-1713 (16) was awarded Master Arts at Christ Church College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .

17 Sep 1665

On 17 Sep 1665 Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (60) died . His son Charles "Bewitched" II King Spain 1661-1700 (3) succeeded as II King Spain .

25 Sep 1665

On 25 Sep 1665 Maria Anna Habsburg-Spain Duchess Bavaria 1610-1665 (55) died

Oct 1665

22 Oct 1665

On 22 Oct 1665 César Bourbon-Vendôme 1st Duke Vendôme 1594-1665 (71) died . His son Louis Bourbon-Vendôme 2nd Duke Vendôme 1612-1669 (53) succeeded as 2nd Duke Vendôme .

Nov 1665

10 Nov 1665

On 10 Nov 1665 Luise Margarete Antonie Wittelsbach 1663-1665 (2) died .

21 Nov 1665

On 21 Nov 1665 John Kelynge Chief Justice 1607-1671 (58) was appointed Chief Justice of the King's Bench .

Dec 1665

11 Dec 1665

On 11 Dec 1665 Ludwig Amadeus Victor Wittelsbach 1665-1665 died .

18 Dec 1665

On 18 Dec 1665 Unamed Oldenburg 1665-1665 died .

On 18 Dec 1665 Unamed Oldenburg 1665-1665 was born to Ernest Günther Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1609-1689 (56) and Auguste Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1633-1701 (32) .

28 Dec 1665

On 28 Dec 1665 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 was born illegitimately to Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (25) at Merton College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .