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Events in ... 1684 ...

From 1682 to 1684 Henry Savile 1642-1687 (40) was appointed Lord of the Admiralty .

Before 1684 John Wrey -1683 was killed at Tangier .

Before 1684 Hugh Williams 5th Baronet Penrhyn Caernarfonshire 1684-1686 was born to Griffith Williams 4th Baronet Penrhyn Caernarfonshire 1666-1684 (18) .

Before 1684 Robert Davers 2nd Baronet Davers 1653-1722 (30) and Mary Jermyn Baronetess Davers were married

Before 1684 Francis Forester of Dothill 1623-1684 and Mary Newport were married

Before 1684 Baptist Noel 1658-1690 (25) and Susannah Fanshawe were married .

In 1684 Frances Noel Baroness Digby -1684 died

Around 1684 George Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1684-1739 was born to Edward Montagu 1649-1715 (35) and Elizabeth Pelham 1650-1723 (34)

In 1684 Baptist Noel 3rd Earl Gainsborough 1684-1714 was born to Baptist Noel 1658-1690 (25) and Susannah Fanshawe .

In 1684 Thomas Savage 3rd Earl Rivers 1628-1694 (56) and Arabella Bertie Countess Rivers -1718 were married . Arabella Bertie Countess Rivers -1718 by marriage Countess Rivers (2C 1626) .

In 1684 Charles Seymour 6th Duke Somerset 1662-1748 (21) was appointed 488th Knight Garter: Charles II .

In 1684 Isabella Spencer 1668-1684 (16) died .

In 1684 William Spring 2nd Baronet Spring 1642-1684 (42) died . In 1684 His son Thomas Spring 3rd Baronet Spring 1672-1704 (12) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Spring of Pakenham in Suffolk .

In 1684 William Stafford 1593-1684 (91) died

In 1684 Thomas Vernon -1684 died

Around 1684 John Villiers 1st Earl Grandison 1684-1766 was born to Edward Fitzgerald-Villiers 1654-1693 (30)

In 1684 Charles West 5th Baron De La Warr 1626-1684 (58) died . His son John West 6th Baron De La Warr 1663-1723 (21) succeeded as 6th Baron De La Warr (2C 1570) .

In 1684 Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth 1650-1684 (34) died .

In 1684 James Darnley 1684-1685 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (50) and Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester 1657-1717 (26)

In 1684 Penelope Holles -1684 died .

In 1684 Alicia Brownlow Baroness Guildford 1684-1727 was born to John Brownlow 3rd Baronet Brownlow 1659-1697 (24) and Alice Sherard Baronetess Brownlow 1659-1721 (25) .

In 1684 William Egerton 1684-1732 was born to John Egerton 3rd Earl Bridgewater 1646-1701 (37) and Jane Paulet Countess Bridgewater 1656-1716 (28) .

In 1684 Robert Davers 3rd Baronet Davers 1684-1723 was born to Robert Davers 2nd Baronet Davers 1653-1722 (31) and Mary Jermyn Baronetess Davers

In 1684 Henry Clinton 7th Earl Lincoln 1684-1728 was born to Francis Clinton 6th Earl Lincoln -1693 and Susan Penniston Countess Lincoln

In 1684 Anna Dummer 1684-1764 was born to Jeremiah Dummer 1645-1718 (38) and Anna Atwater

In 1684 Leopold Joseph Habsburg-Spain 1682-1684 (2) died

In 1684 Maria Theresa Habsburg-Spain 1684-1696 was born to Leopold Habsburg-Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1640-1705 (43)

In 1684 Thomas Hunt 1684-1739 was born .

In 1684 Lucius Knightley 1684-1738 was born to Richard Knightley 1658-1728 (25) in Fawsley, Northamptonshire .

In 1684 Francis Leicester 3rd Baronet Leicester 1664-1742 (20) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire .

In 1663 Thomas Murray 1663-1735 . Portrait of Francis Leicester 3rd Baronet Leicester 1664-1742 (-1) .

In 1684 Robert Leke 3rd Earl Scarsdale 1654-1707 (29) was appointed as Lord Lieutenant Derbyshire

In 1684 Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet Smithson 1632-1684 (52) died . His son Hugh Smithson 3rd Baronet Smithson 1657-1729 (27) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire .

Around 1684 Charles Waldegrave 3rd Baronet Waldegrave -1684 died . Around 1684 His son Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (23) succeeded as 4th Baronet Waldegrave . Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (17) by marriage Baronetess Waldegrave .

In 1684 James Waldegrave 1st Earl Waldegrave 1684-1741 was born to Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (23) and Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (17) .

In 1684 Ursula Woodcock 1659-1684 (25) died

Around 1679 Gilbert Soest 1605-1681 (74) (style of).Portrait of Ursula Woodcock 1659-1684 (20) . Belton House.

In 1684 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (28) . Portrait of Anne I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (18) .

In 1684 Jane Grey Benson 1684-1731 was born to Henry Benson of Dodford and Elizabeth Grey

In 1684 Jane Grey Benson 1684-1731 died

In 1684 Frances Cecil -1684 died .

In 1684 Francis Forester of Dothill 1623-1684 died

In 1684 William Forester 1655-1718 (28) and Mary Cecil -1740 were married .

In 1684 Griffith Williams 4th Baronet Penrhyn Caernarfonshire 1666-1684 (18) died . His son Hugh Williams 5th Baronet Penrhyn Caernarfonshire 1684-1686 succeeded as 5th Baronet Williams of Penrhyn .

In 1684 Other Windsor 1659-1684 (25) died

In 1684 Donough Maccarthy 4th Earl Clancarty 1668-1734 (16) and Elizabeth Spencer Countess Clancarty 1671-1704 (13) were married . Elizabeth Spencer Countess Clancarty 1671-1704 (13) by marriage Countess Clancarty (1C 1658) .

Around 1684 Daniel Pulteney 1684-1731 was born to John Pulteney 1668-1726 (16)

In 1684 William Soame 1st Baronet 1645-1686 (39) was appointed Ambassador to Constantinople .

In 1684 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (49) was appointed Bishop of Rochester .

In 1684 Anne Stafford Baroness Carbery 1684-1757 was born to William Stafford 1650-1700 (34)

In 1684 George Vertue 1684-1756 was born .

In 1684 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester 1657-1717 (26) .

In 1684 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester 1657-1717 (26) .

In 1684 James Bedingfield 1684- was born to Philip Bedingfield 1655-1696 (28)

In 1684 Thomas Jermyn 2nd Baron Jermyn 1633-1703 (50) was appointed as Lieutenant Governor of Jersey .

In 1684 Francis Boothby 1654-1684 (30) died .

Around 1684 William Brabazon 3rd Earl Meath 1635-1684 (49) died . His son William Brabazon 4th Earl Meath 1638-1707 (46) succeeded as 4th Earl Meath .

After 1684 George Douglas 1639- and Elizabeth Livingstone were married .

After 1684 Mary Forester Baronetess Downing 1684-1734 was born to William Forester 1655-1718 (28) and Mary Cecil -1740 .

Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (84) . Portrait of Mary Forester Baronetess Downing 1684-1734 .

Jan 1684

In Jan 1684 James Hamilton 6th Earl Abercorn 1661-1734 (23) and Elizabeth Reading were married .

On Jan 1684 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (78) died at St James' Square, St James', Westminster . His nephew Thomas Jermyn 2nd Baron Jermyn 1633-1703 (50) succeeded as 2nd Baron Jermyn of St Edmundsbury in Suffolk . Mary Merry Baroness Jermyn by marriage Baroness Jermyn of St Edmundsbury in Suffolk .

On Jan 1684 Thomas Bulkeley 1684-1684 was born to Richard Bulkeley 3rd Viscount Bulkeley -1704 and Mary Egerton .

01 Jan 1684

On 01 Jan 1684 George Oldenburg 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (30) was appointed 487th Knight Garter: Charles II .

Before 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman 1660-1711 (48) . Portrait of George Oldenburg 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (55) .

Around 1705 . Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (46) . Portrait of George Oldenburg 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (51) . Walmer Castle, Walmer, Kent .

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 01 Jan 1684 . The weather continuing intolerably severe, streetes of booths were set upon the Thames; the aire was so very cold and thick, as of many yeares there had not ben the like. The small pox was very mortal.

02 Jan 1684

Before 02 Jan 1684 John Dutton 2nd Baronet Dutton 1684-1743 was born to Ralph Dutton 1st Baronet Dutton 1645-1721 (39) and Mary Barwick Baronetess Dutton .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 02 Jan 1684 . I din'd at Sr Ste. Fox's (56) : after dinner came a fellow who eate live charcoal, glowingly ignited, quenching them in his mouth, and then champing and swallowing them down. There was a dog also which seem'd to do many rational actions.

06 Jan 1684

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 06 Jan 1684 . The river quite frozen.

09 Jan 1684

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 09 Jan 1684 . I went crosse the Thames on the ice, now become so thick as to beare not onely streetes of boothes, in which they roasted meate, and had divers shops of wares, quite acrosse as in a towne, but coaches, carts, and horses, passed over. So I went from Westminster Stayres to Lambeth , and din'd with the Archbishop (66) : where I met my Lord Bruce, Sir Geo. Wheeler (32) , Coll. Cooke, and severall divines. After dinner and discourse with his Grace till evening prayers, Sir Geo. Wheeler (32) and I walked over the ice from Lambeth Stayres to the horse ferry.

10 Jan 1684

On 10 Jan 1684 Edward Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu 1616-1684 (67) died

On 10 Jan 1684 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (18) was appointed 489th Knight Garter: Charles II .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 10 Jan 1684 . I visited Sir Robert Reading (44) , where after supper we had musiq, but not comparable to that which Mrs. Bridgeman made us on the guittar with such extraordinary skill and dexterity.

15 Jan 1684

On 15 Jan 1684 Ralph Stawell 1st Baron Stawell 1641-1689 (43) was created 1st Baron Stawell of Somerton in Somerset (1C 1683) . Abigail Pitt Baroness Stawell -1692 by marriage Baroness Stawell of Somerton in Somerset (1C 1683) .

16 Jan 1684

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 16 Jan 1684 . The Thames was fill'd with people and tents, selling all sorts of wares as in the Citty.

24 Jan 1684

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan . 24 Jan 1684 . The frost continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still planted with boothes in formal streetes, all sorts of trades and shops furnish'd and full of commodities, even to a printing presse, where the peopje and ladyes tooke a fancy to have their names printed, and the day and yeare set down when printed on the Thames; this humour tooke so universally, that 'twas estimated the printer gain'd £5. a day, for printing a line onely, at sixpence a name, be sides what he got by ballads, &c. Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other staires to and fro, as in the streetes, sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cookes, tlpling, and other lewd places, so that it seem'd to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water, whilst it was a severe judgment on the land, the trees not onely splitting as if lightning-struck, but men and cattle perishing in divers places, and the very seas so lock'd up with ice, that no vessells could stir out or come in. The fowles, fish, and birds, and all our exotiq plants and greenes universally perishing. Many parkes of deer were destroied, and all sorts of fuell so deare that there were greate con tributions to preserve the poore alive. Nor was this severe weather much lesse intense in most parts of Europe, even as far as Spaine and the most Southern tracts. London, by reason of the excessive coldnesse of the aire hindering the ascent of the smoke, was so fill'd with the fuliginous steame of the sea-coale, that hardly could one see crosse the streetes, and this filling the lungs with its grosse particles, exceedingly obstructed the breast, so as one could scarcely breath. Here was no water to be had from the pipes and engines, nor could the brewers and divers other tradesmen worke, and every moment was full of dis astrous accidents.

Feb 1684

On Feb 1684 Thomas Bulkeley 1684-1684 died .

04 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 04 Feb 1684 . I went to Says Court to see how the frost had dealt with my garden, where I found many of the greenes and rare plantes utterly destroied. The oranges and mirtills very sick, the rosemary and laurells dead to all appearance, but ye cypress likely to indure It.

05 Feb 1684

On 05 Feb 1684 Thomas Myddleton 2nd Baronet Myddleton 1651-1684 (33) and Charlotte Bridgeman Baronetess Myddleton 1631-1694 (52) were married . Charlotte Bridgeman Baronetess Myddleton 1631-1694 (52) by marriage Baronetess Myddleton of Chirk Castle .

On 05 Feb 1684 Thomas Myddleton 2nd Baronet Myddleton 1651-1684 (33) died . His brother Richard Myddleton 3rd Baronet Myddleton 1655-1716 (28) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Myddleton of Chirk Castle .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 05 Feb 1684 . It began to thaw, but froze againe. My coach crossed from Lambeth to the Horseferry at Millbank, Westminster. The booths were almost all taken downe, but there was first a Map or Landskip cut in copper representing all the manner of the camp, and the several actions, sports, and pastimes thereon, in memory of so signal a frost.

07 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 07 Feb 1684 . I dined with my Lord Keeper (46) , and walking alone with him some time In his gallery, we had discourse of musiq. He told me he had ben brought up to it from a child, so as to sing his part at first sight. Then speaking of Painting, of which he was also a greate lover, and other ingenious matters, he desir'd me to come oftener to him.

08 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 08 Feb 1684 . I went this evening to visite that greate and knowing virtuoso Monsr Justell. The weather was set in to an absolute thaw and rairie, but ye Thames still frozen.

10 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 10 Feb 1684 . After eight weekes missing the foraine posts, there came aboundance of Intelligence from abroad.

12 Feb 1684

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 12 Feb 1684 . The Earle of Danby (51) , late Lord Treasurer, together with the Roman Catholic Lords impeach'd of High Treason in the Popish Plot , had now their Habeas Corpus, and came out upon baile, after five yeares imprisonment in the Tower. Then were also tried and deeply fin'd Mr. Hampden and others for being suppos'd of the late Plot, for which Lord Russell and Col. Sidney suffer'd; as also the person who went about to prove that the Earle of Essex had his throat cut in the Tower by others; likewise Mr. Johnson, the author of that famous piece called Julian.

15 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 15 Feb 1684 . Newes of the Prince of Orange (33) having accus'd the Deputies of Amsterdam of Crimen lesse Majestatis, and being Pensioners to France. Dr. Tenison (47) communicated to me his intention of erecting a Library in St. Martin's parish, for the publiq use, and desir'd my assistance with Sr Chris Wren about the placeing and structure thereof. A worthy and laudable designe. He told me there were 30 or 40 young men in Orders in his parish, either Governors to young gentlemen or Chaplains to noblemen, who being reprov'd by him on occasion for frequenting taverns or coffee-houses, told him they would study or employ their time better, if they had books. This put the pious Doctor on this designe ; and indeede a greate reproch it is that so greate a Citty as London should not have a publiq Library becoming it. There ought to be one at St. Paules ; the West end of that church (If ever finish'd) would be a convenient place.

21 Feb 1684

On 21 Feb 1684 Hugh May Architect 1621-1684 (62) died .

On 21 Feb 1684 Mary Tudor Countess Derwentwater 1673-1726 (10) was granted the precedence of the daughter of a Duke.

23 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 23 Feb 1684 . I went to Sir John Chardine (40) , who desired my assistance for the engraving the plates, the translation, and printing his History of that wonderfull Persian Monument neere Persepolis, and other rare antiquities, which he had caus'd to be drawne from the originals in his second journey into Persia, which we now concluded upon. Afterwards I went with Sr Christ' Wren to Dr Tenison (47) , where we made the drawing and estimate of the expence of the Library, to be begun this next Spring neere the Mewes. Greate expectation of the Prince of Orange's (33) attempts in Holland to bring those of Amsterdam to consent to the new levies, to which we were no friends, by a pseudo-politic adherence to the French interest.

26 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 26 Feb 1684 . Came to visite me Dr. Turner (46) , our new Bishop of Rochester .

27 Feb 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb . 27 Feb 1684 . I din'd at Lady Tuke's, where I heard Dr Walgrave (Physitian to ye Duke and Dutchesse) play excellently on the lute.

Mar 1684

02 Mar 1684

On 02 Mar 1684 Christopher Wandesford 2nd Viscount Castlecomer 1684-1707 was born .

07 Mar 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar . 07 Mar 1684 . Dr. Meggot , Deane of Winchester , preached an incomparable sermon, (the King (53) being now gone to Newmarket ,) on 12 Heb. 15 . shewing and pathetically pressing the care we ought to have least we come short of the grace of God. Afterwards I went to visite Dr. Tenison (47) at Kensington, whither he was retired to refresh after he had ben sick of the small pox.

15 Mar 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar . 15 Mar 1684 . At Whitehall preached Mr. Henry Godolphin (35) , a prebend of St. Paules , and brother to my deare friend Sydnie (38) , on 55 Isaiah 7 . I dined at the Lord Keeper's (46) , and brought to him Sir John Chardin (40) , who shewed him his accurate draughts of his travells in Persia.

22 Mar 1684

On 22 Mar 1684 William Pulteney 1st Earl Bath 1684-1764 was born to William Pulteney -1715 .

28 Mar 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar . 28 Mar 1684 . There was so greate a concourse of people with their children to be touch'd for the Evil, that 6 or 7 were crush'd to death by pressing 4 at the Chirurgeon's doore for tickets. The weather began to be more mild and tolerable, but there was not the least appearance of any Spring.

30 Mar 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar . 30 Mar 1684 . Easter day. The Bp. of Rochester [Dr. Turner] (46) preach'd before, the King (53) after which his Ma*, accompanied with three of his natural sonns, the Dukes of Northumberland (18) , Richmond, and St. Alban's (13) (sons of Portsmouth (34) , Cleaveland (43) , and Nelly (34) ), went up to the Altar ; ye three boyes entering before the King within the railes, at the right hand, and three Bishops on the left, viz. London (52) (who officiated), Durham (51) , and Rochester (46) , with the Sub-dean Dr. Holder. The King kneeling before the Altar, zaking his offering, the Bishop first receiv'd, and then his Ma* after which he retir'd to a canopied seate on the right hand. Note, there was perfume burnt before the Office began. I had receiv'd ye Sacrament at Whitehall early with the Lords and Household, ye Bp. of London officiating. Then went to St. Martin's , where Dr. Tenison (47) preach'd (recover'd from yc small-pox); then went againe to Whitehall as above. In the afternoone went to St. Martin's againe.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (73) .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (31) .

In 1670 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (35) . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (20) .

In 1673 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (38) . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23) .

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (66) . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (51) .

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (66) . Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (51) .

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45) . Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (66) (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 .

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710 . Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (29) .

Before 14 Nov 1687 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710 . Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (37) .

Before 1691 . John Riley 1646-1691 (44) . Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (57) .

In 1698 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 . Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (64) .

Around 1675 John Greenhill 1644-1676 (31) (attributed).Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (41) .

Apr 1684

After Apr 1684 Thomas Ken Bishop 1637-1711 (46) was appointed Bishop Bath and Wells .

04 Apr 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Apr . 04 Apr 1684 . I return'd home with my family to my house at Says Court , after five months residence in London ; hardly the least appearance of any Spring.

05 Apr 1684

On 05 Apr 1684 William Brouncker 2nd Viscount Brounckner 1620-1684 (64) died . His brother Henry Brouncker 3nd Viscount Brounckner 1627-1688 (57) succeeded as 3rd Viscount Brouckner of Lyons in Leinster .

10 Apr 1684

On 10 Apr 1684 Victor Amadeus King Sardinia 1666-1732 (17) and Anne Marie Bourbon Queen Consort Sardinia 1669-1728 (14) were married . Anne Marie Bourbon Queen Consort Sardinia 1669-1728 (14) by marriage Duchess Savoy .

25 Apr 1684

On 25 Apr 1684 James Graham 3rd Marquess Montrose 1657-1684 (26) died . His son James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (4) succeeded as 4th Marquess Montrose .

30 Apr 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Apr . 30 Apr 1684 . A Letter of mine to the Royal Society concerning the terrible effects of the past winter being read, they desired it might be printed in the next Part of their Transactions .

May 1684

06 May 1684

Before 06 May 1684 John Murray 1st Duke Atholl 1660-1724 (24) and Catherine Hamilton Duchess Atholl 1662-1707 (22) were married . Catherine Hamilton Duchess Atholl 1662-1707 (22) by marriage Duchess Atholl .

On 06 May 1684 John Murray 1684-1709 was born to John Murray 1st Duke Atholl 1660-1724 (24) and Catherine Hamilton Duchess Atholl 1662-1707 (22) .

10 May 1684

On 10 May 1684 Anne Carr Countess Bedford 1615-1684 (68) died

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35) . Portrait of Anne Carr Countess Bedford 1615-1684 (19) .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May . 10 May 1684 . I went to visite my brother in Surrey. Call'd by the way at Ashted , where Sr Rob Howard (58) (Auditor of the Exchequer) entertain'd me very civilly at his new built house, which stands in a Park on the Downe, the avenue South ; tho' downe hill to the house, which is not greate, but with the outhouses very convenient. The stairecase is painted by Verrio (48) with the storie of Astrea; amongst other figures is the Picture of the Painter himselfe, and not unlike him ; the rest is well done, onely the columns did not at all please me ; there is also Sir Robert's own Picture in an oval ; the whole in fresca. The place has this greate defect, that there is no water but what is drawn up by horses from a very deepe well.

11 May 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May . 11 May 1684 . Visited Mr. Higham, who was ill, and died 3 days after. His grandfather and father (who christen'd me), with himselfe, had now ben Rectors of this parish 101 yeares, viz. from May 1583.

12 May 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May . 12 May 1684 . I return'd to London, where I found the Commissioners of the Admiralty abolish'd, and the office of Admiral restor'd to ye Duke (50) , as to the disposal and ordering all Sea businesse ; but his King}{Ma* (53) sign'd all Petitions, Papers, Warrants, and Commissions, that the Duke, not acting as Admiral by commission or office, might not incur the penalty of the late Act against Papists and Dissenters holding offices, and refusing the Oath and Test. Every one was glad of this change, those in the late Commission being utterly ignorant in their duty, to the greate damage of the Navy.
The utter mine of the Low Country was threaten'd by the siege of Luxembergh, if not timely reliev'd, and by the obstinacy of the Hollanders, who refus'd to assist the Prince of Orange (33) , being corrupted by the French.

16 May 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May . 16 May 1684 . I received £600 of Sr Charles Bickerstaff for the fee-farm of Pilton in Devon.

26 May 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May . 26 May 1684 . Lord Dartmouth (37) was chosen Master of the Trinity Company , newly return'd with the fleete from blowing up and demolishing Tangier. In the sermon preach'd on this occasion, Dr. Can observ'd that, in the 27th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, the casting anchor out of the fore-ship had been cavill'd at as betraying total Ignorance : that it is very true our seamen do not do so, but in the Mediterranean their ships were built differently from ours, and to this day it was the practice to do so there.
Luxembergh was surrender'd to the French, which makes them master of all the Netherlands, gives them entrance into Germany, and a fair game for universal monarchy; which that we should suffer, who only and easily might have hinder'd, astonish'd all the world. Thus is the poor Prince of Orange (33) ruin'd, and this nation and all the Protestant interest in Europe following, unlesse God in his infinite mercy, as by a miracle, interpose, and our greate ones alter their counsels. The French fleete were now besieging Genoa, but after burning much of that beautifull citty with their bombs, went off with disgrace.

Jun 1684

12 Jun 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun . 12 Jun 1684 . [Note. This may be 11 Jun]. My cousin Verney, to whom a very greate fortune was fallen, came to take leave of us, going into the country ; a very worthy and virtuous young gentleman.

On 12 Jun 1684 John Fitzgerald 18th Earl Kildare 1661-1707 (23) and Elizabeth Jones Countess Kildare 1665-1758 (19) were married . Elizabeth Jones Countess Kildare 1665-1758 (19) by marriage Countess Kildare .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun . 12 Jun 1684 . I went to advise and give directions about the building two streetes in Berkeley Gardens , reserving the house and as much of the garden as the breadth of the house. In the meanetime I could not but deplore that sweete place (by far the most noble gardens, courts, and accommodations, stately porticos, &c. any where about the towne) should be so much straighten'd and turn'd Into tenements. But that magnificent pile and gardens contiguous to it, built by the late Lord Chancellor Clarendon , being all demolish'd, and design'd for Piazzas and buildings, was some excuse for my Lady Berkeley's (30) resolution of letting out her ground also for so excessive a price as as offer'd, advancing neere £1000 per in mere ground-rents ; to such a mad intemperance was the age of building about a citty, by far too disproportionate already to the nation I having in my time seene it almost as large again as it was within my memory.

20 Jun 1684

Rye House Plot

On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong 1633-1684 (51) was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill, City of London where he was hanged, drawn and quartered for his involvement in the Rye House Plot .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun . 22 Jun 1684 . Last Friday Sir Tho. Armstrong was executed at Tyburn for treason, without tryal, having ben outlaw'd and apprehended in Hol land, on the conspiracy of the Duke of Monmouth (35) , Lord Russell , &c. which gave occasion of discourse to people and lawyers, in reguard it was on an outlawry that judgment was given and execution.

22 Jun 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun . 22 Jun 1684 . Last Friday Sir Tho. Armstrong was executed at Tyburn for treason, without tryal, having ben outlaw'd and apprehended in Hol land, on the conspiracy of the Duke of Monmouth (35) , Lord Russell , &c. which gave occasion of discourse to people and lawyers, in reguard it was on an outlawry that judgment was given and execution.

24 Jun 1684

On 24 Jun 1684 Edward Dering 2nd Baronet Dering 1625-1684 (58) died . His son Edward Dering 3rd Baronet Dering 1650-1689 (34) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Dering of Pluckley in Kent . Elizabeth Cholmeley Baronetess Dering -1704 by marriage Baronetess Dering of Pluckley in Kent .

Jul 1684

02 Jul 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul . 02 Jul 1684 . I went to the Observatory at Greenewich, where Mr. Flamsted tooke his observations of the eclipse of the sun, now almost three parts obscured. There had been an excessive hot and dry Spring, and such a drought still continu'd as never was in my memorie.

06 Jul 1684

On 06 Jul 1684 Anne Marie Gonzaga 1616-1684 (68) died

09 Jul 1684

On 09 Jul 1684 Henry Hobart 4th Baronet Hobart 1657-1698 (27) and Elizabeth Maynard Baronetess Hobart were married . Elizabeth Maynard Baronetess Hobart by marriage Baronetess Hobart .

13 Jul 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul . 13 Jul 1684 . Some small sprinkling of raine ; the leaves dropping from the trees as in Autumn.

16 Jul 1684

On 16 Jul 1684 Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46) was translated Bishop Ely .

On 16 Jul 1684 Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46) was translated to Bishop Ely .

19 Jul 1684

Around 19 Jul 1684 George Downing 1st Baronet Downing 1625-1684 (59) died . His son George Downing 2nd Baronet Downing 1656-1711 (28) succeeded as 2nd Baronet Downing of East Hatley in Cambridgeshire . Catherine Cecil Baronetess Downing -1688 by marriage Baronetess Downing of East Hatley in Cambridgeshire .

25 Jul 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul . 25 Jul 1684 . I din'd at Lord Falkland's (28) , Treasurer of the Navy, where after dinner we had rare musiq, there being, amongst others, Sign Pietro Reggio, and Sigr John Battist, both famous, one for his voice, the other for playing on ye harpsicord, few if any in Europe exceeding him. There was also a Frenchman who sung an admirable basse.

26 Jul 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul . 26 Jul 1684 . I return'd home where I found my Lord Cheife Justice [Jefferies] (39) , the Countesse of Clarendon , and Lady Cath. Fitz-Gerald, who dined with me.

30 Jul 1684

Aug 1684

10 Aug 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Aug . 10 Aug 1684 . We had now rain after such a drowth as no man in England had known.

12 Aug 1684

On 12 Aug 1684 John Lake Bishop Sodor and Man, Bishop Bristol, Bishop Chichester 1624-1689 (60) was translated Bishop Bristol

24 Aug 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Aug . 24 Aug 1684 . Excessive hot. We had not had above one or two considerable showers, and those storms, these 8 or 9 months. Many trees died for the want of refreshment.

Sep 1684

On Sep 1684 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (39) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer .

26 Sep 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Sep . 26 Sep 1684 . The King (54) being return'd from Winchester , there was a numerous Court at White-hall. At this time the Earle of Rochester (42) was remov'd from the Treasury to the Presidentship of the Council ; Lord Godolphin (39) was made first Commissr of the Treasury in his place; Lord Middleton (34) (a Scot) made Secretary of State, in ye room of Lord Godolphin (39) . These alterations being very unexpected and mysterious, gave greate occasion of discourse. There was now an Ambassador from ye King of Siam in ye East Indies to his Majesty.

Oct 1684

09 Oct 1684

On 09 Oct 1684 Simon Harcourt 1684-1720 was born to Simon Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt 1661-1727 (22)

22 Oct 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct . 22 Oct 1684 . I went with Sr William Godolphin (44) to see the Rhinoceros , or Unicorn, being the first that I suppose was ever brought into England. She belong'd to some East India merchants, and was sold (as I remember) for above £2000.
At the same time I went to see a Crocodile, brought from some of the West India islands, resembling the Egyptian Crocodile.

24 Oct 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct . 24 Oct 1684 . I din'd at Sir Stephen Fox's (57) with the Duke of Northumberland (18) . He seem'd to be a young gentleman of good capacity, well bred, civil, and modest: newly come from travell, and had made his campaigne at the siege of Luxemburg. Of all his Ma*s (54) children (of which he had now six Dukes) this seem'd the most accomplish'd and worth the owning. He is extraordinary handsome and well shap'd. What ye Dukes of Richmond (12) and St. Alban's (14) will prove, their youth does not yet discover ; they are very pretty boys.

28 Oct 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct . 28 Oct 1684 . I carried Lord Clarendon thro' the Citty, amidst all the squibbs and Bacchanalia of the Lord Maior's shew, to ye Royal Society [at Gresham Coll.] where he was propos'd a member; and then treated him at dinner.
I went to St. Clement's , that pretty built and contriv'd church, where a young divine gave us an eloquent Sermon on 1 Cor. 6. 20 inciting to gratitude and glorifying God for the fabriq of our bodys & the dignitie of our nature.

Nov 1684

In Nov 1684 Henry Furnese 1st Baronet Waldershare 1658-1712 (26) and Anne Brough were married

01 Nov 1684

On 01 Nov 1684 George Gordon 1st Duke Gordon 1643-1716 (41) was created 1st Duke Gordon . Elizabeth Howard Duchess Gordon by marriage Duchess Gordon .

02 Nov 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov . 02 Nov 1684 . A suddaine change from temperate warme weather to an excessive cold raine, frost, snow, and storm, such as had seldome ben known. This Winter weather began as early and fierce as the past did late; till about Christmas there then had ben hardly any Winter.

03 Nov 1684

On 03 Nov 1684 William Douglas 1st Duke Queensberry 1637-1695 (47) was created 1st Duke Queensberry . Isabel Douglas Countess Queensberry by marriage Countess Queensberry .

04 Nov 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov . 04 Nov 1684 . Dr. Turner (47) , now translated from Rochester to Ely upon the death of Dr. Peter Gunning, preached before the King at White-hall on 3 Romans 8, a very excellent sermon, indicating the Church of England against the pernicious doctrines of the Church of Rome. He challenged the producing but of five Cleargymen who forsooke our Church and went over to that of Rome, during all the troubles & rebellion In England, which lasted neere twenty yeares; and this was to my certaine observation a greate truth.

08 Nov 1684

On 08 Nov 1684 Thomas Wharton 1615-1684 (69) died .

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32) . Portrait of Thomas Wharton 1615-1684 (16) .

15 Nov 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov . 15 Nov 1684 . Being the Queene's (45) birth-day, there were fire-works on the Thames before Whitehall , with pageants of castles, forts, and other devices of gyrondolas, serpents, the King (54) and Queene's (45) armes and mottos, all represented in fire, such as had not ben seen here. But the most remarkable was the severall fires and skirmishes in the very water, which actually mov'd a long way, burning under the water, now and then appearing above it, giving reports like muskets and cannon, with granados and innumerable other devices. It is said it cost £.1500. It was concluded with a ball, where all the young ladys and gallants daunced in the greate hall. The Court had not ben seene so brave and rich in apparell since his Ma*'s Restauration.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687 (52) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (48) .

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44) . Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24) . Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26) .

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31) .

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (62) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (57) .

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (62) . Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (57) .

20 Nov 1684

Before 20 Nov 1684 William Estcourt 3rd Baronet 1654-1684 served as foreman of the jury which acquitted Edward Nosworthy (46) . During the course of the celebrations that followed in the Globe Tavern, Fleet Street, City of London an altercation broke out between Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742 (32) and Francis Stonehouse 1654-1738 (31) . William Estcourt 3rd Baronet 1654-1684 was killed by either or both Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742 (32) and Francis Stonehouse 1654-1738 (31) . Both were fined and pardoned.

26 Nov 1684

Dec 1684

03 Dec 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec . 03 Dec 1684 . I carried Mr. Justell and Mr. Slingsby (63) (Master of the Mint), to see Mr. Sheldon's collection of Medaills. The series of Popes was rare, and so were several amongst the modernes, especialy that of John Husse's martyrdome at Constance ; of the Roman Emp: Consulars; some Greeke, &c. In copper, gold, and silver; not many truly antique ; a medallion of Otho, P. JEmil. &c. hardly antient. They were held at a price of , £.1000. but not worth, I judge, above £200.

07 Dec 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec . 07 Dec 1684 . I went to see the new church at St. James's , elegantly built ; the altar was especialy adorn'd, the white marble inclosure curiously and richly carved, the flowers and garlands about the walls by Mr. Gibbons (36) in wood; a pelican with her young at her breast, just over the altar in the carv'd compartment and border, invironing the purple velvet fring'd with I. H. S. richly embroider'd, and most noble plate, were given by Sr R. Geere, to the value (as was said) of £200. There was no altar any where in England, nor has there ben any abroad, more handsomely adorn'd.

17 Dec 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec . 17 Dec 1684 . Early in the morning I went into St. James's Park to see three Turkish or Asian horses, newly brought over, and now first shewed to his Ma* (54) . There were foure, but one of them died at sea, being three weekes coming from Hamborow. They were taken from a Bashaw at the siege of Vienna, at the late famous raising that leaguer. I never beheld so delicate a creature as one of them was, of somewhat a bright bay, two white feet, a blaze ; such a head, eyes, cares, neck, breast, belly, haunches, legs, pasterns, and feete, in all reguards beautifull and proportion'd to admiration ; spirited, proud, nimble, making halt, turning with that swiftnesse, and in so small a compasse, as was admirable. With all this so gentle and tractable as call'd to mind what I remember Busbequius speakes of them, to the reproch of our groomes in Europe, who bring up their horses so churlishly as makes most of them retain their 111 habits. They trotted like does, as if they did not feele the ground. 500 guinnies was demanded for the first ; 300 for the second; and 200 for the third, wch was browne. All of them were choicely shap'd, but the two last not altogether so perfect as the first. It was judg'd by the spectators, among whom was the King (54) , Prince of Denmark, Duke of Yorke (51) , and several of the Court, noble persons, skill'd In horses, especialy Mons. Faubert and his sonn, (provost masters of yc Academie, and esteem'd of the best in Europe,) that there were never seene any horses in these parts to be compar'd with them. Add to all this, the furniture, consisting of embroidery on the saddle, houseings, quiver, bow, arrows, scymeter, sword, mace, or battle-axe a la Turcisq; the Bashaw's velvet mantle furr'd with the most perfect ermine I ever beheld ; all which, yron-worke in common furniture, being here of silver, curiously wrought and double gilt, to an incredible value. Such and so extraordinary was the embrodery, that I never saw any thing approching it. The reins and headstall were of crimson silk, cover'd with chaines of silver gilt. There was also a Turkish royal standard of an horse's taile, together with all sorts of other caparisons belonging to a general's horse, by which one may estimate how gallantly and magnificently those infidels appeare in the field, for nothing could be seene more glorious. The gentleman (a German) who rid the horse was in all this garb. They were shod with yron made round and closed at the heele, with a hole in the middle about as wide as a shilling. The hoofes most intire.

18 Dec 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec . 18 Dec 1684 . I went with Lord Cornwallis (28) to see the young gallants do their exercise, Mr. Faubert having newly rail'd in a manage, and fitted it for the academy. There were the Dukes of Norfolk (29) and Northumberland (18) , Lord Newburgh (20) , and a nephew of (Duras) Earle of Feversham (43) . The exercises were, 1. running at the ring ; 2. flinging a javelin at a Moor's head ; 3. discharging a pistol at a mark ; lastly, taking up a gauntlet with the point of a sword ; all these perform'd in full speede. The D. of Northumberland (18) hardly miss'd of succeeding in every one, a dozen times, as I think. The D. of Norfolk (29) did exceeding bravely. Lords Newburgh (20) and Duras seem'd nothing so dextrous. Here I saw the difference of what ye French call "belle homme a cheval," and " bon homme a cheval;" the Duke of Norfolk being the first, that is, rather a fine person on a horse, the Duke of Northumberland being both in perfection, namely, a graceful person and excellent rider. But the Duke of Norfolk told me he had not ben at this exercise these 12 yeares before. There were in the field ye Prince of Denmark, and the Lord Landsdown (23) , sonn of ye Earle of Bath (56) , who had ben made a Count of ye Empire last Summer for his service before Vienna.

20 Dec 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec . 20 Dec 1684 . A villainous murder was perpetrated by Mr. St. John (32) , eldest son to S' Walter St. John (62) , a worthy gentleman, on a knight of quality*, in a tavern . The offender was sentenc'd and repriev'd. So many horrid murders and duels were committed about this time as were never before heard of in England, which gave much cause of complaint and murmurings.

30 Dec 1684

On 30 Dec 1684 Leopold Hesse-Kassel 1684-1704 was born to Charles Hesse-Kassel 1654-1730 (30)

31 Dec 1684

On 31 Dec 1684 William Grimston 1st Viscount Grimston 1684-1756 was born to William Luckyn 3rd Baronet 1663-1708 (21) .