Hover the mouse over the coloured text for more information, click to go to the Pages. Hover over paintings for larger versions. Click on the Arms to go to the Heraldry pages. Click on Home in the Menu above to go to today's On This Day in History page.
On this Day in History ... 02 March
On 02 Mar 968 William Saxon-Ottonian Archbishop Mainz 929-968 (39) died.
On 02 Mar 986 Lothair III King West Francia 941-986 (45) died.
On 02 Mar 1121 Floris II Gerulfing II Count Holland 1085-1121 (36) died. His Son Dirk Gerulfing VI Count Holland 1114-1157 (7) succeeded VI Count Holland.
On 02 Mar 1127 William Clito Normandy Count Flanders 1102-1128 (24) was appointed Count Flanders. Sibylla Anjou Countess Essex, Count Flanders 1112-1165 (15) by marriage Countess Essex (1C 1139).
On 02 Mar 1127 Charles Estrigen I Count Flanders 1084-1127 (43) was murdered at Church of St Donatian.
On 02 Mar 1316 Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 was born to Walter Stewart 6th High Steward 1296-1327 (20) and Marjory Bruce 1296-1316 (20) at Paisley Abbey. His mother Marjory Bruce 1296-1316 (20) died in childbirth.
On 02 Mar 1378 Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 was born to Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (42) and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334-. He a 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.
In Mar 1401. . Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (33) Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request "... the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church ...".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others."
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.
On 02 Mar 1409 Jean Valois-Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 was born to John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 and Marie Montfort Duchess Alençon 1391-1446 (18). He a 4 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 and 2 x Great Grandson of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.
On 02 Mar 1475 Constance Green Countess Wiltshire 1427-1475 (48) died.
On 02 Mar 1484 Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 (56) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury.
On 20 Oct 1490 Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490 (53) died. She was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury.
Monument to Ralph and Elizabeyth. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the Yorkist Boar Pendant[boar of Richard III] on his Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Tudor Livery Collar. Fine Sabbatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Butterfly Headress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.
On 02 Mar 1486 John Stewart 1st Earl Mar 1479-1503 (6) was created 1st Earl Mar (1C 1404).
On 02 Mar 1561 James Pilkington Bishop of Durham 1520-1576 (41) was consecrated Bishop of Durham.
On 02 Mar 1573 Johann Wilhelm Wettin Duke Saxe-Weimar 1530-1573 (42) died. His Son Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin I Duke Saxe-Weimar 1562-1602 (10) succeeded I Duke Saxe-Weimar.
On 02 Mar 1619 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (44) died.
On 02 Mar 1625 James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton 1606-1649 succeeded 3rd Marquess Hamilton. Mary Feilding Duchess Hamilton 1613-1638 (12) by marriage as Marquess Hamilton.
On 02 Mar 1625 James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton 1589-1625 (36) died at Whitehall Palace.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Mar. 02 Mar 1682. Ash Wednesday. I went to church: our vicar preached on Proverbs, showing what care and vigilance was required for the keeping of the heart upright. The Holy Communion followed, on which I gave God thanks for his gracious dealing with me in my late sickness, and affording me this blessed opportunity of praising him in the congregation, and receiving the cup of salvation with new and serious resolutions.
Came to see and congratulate my recovery, John Lowther 1st Baronet Lowther 1605-1675, Mr. Herbert, Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (49), Anthony Deane Shipbuilder 1633-1721 (48), and Mr. Hill.
John Evelyn's Diary 1687 Mar. 02 Mar 1687. Came out a proclamation for universal liberty of conscience in Scotland, and depensation from all tests and laws to the contrary, as also capacitating Papists to be chosen into all offices of trust. The mystery operates.
On 02 Mar 1696 William Murray 3rd Earl Dunmore 1696-1756 was born to Charles Murray 1st Earl Dunmore 1661-1710 (35) at St James's Palace.
On 02 Mar 1707 Louis-Michel van Loo 1707-1771 was born.
On 02 Mar 1714 John Hamilton 1714-1755 was born to James Hamilton 7th Earl Abercorn 1686-1744 (27) and Anne Plumer Countess Abercorn 1690-1776 (24).
On 02 Mar 1743 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (40) died. His Son James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton, 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (18) succeeded 6th Duke Hamilton, 3rd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 3rd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.
St John's Church, Shobdon. Monument to various of the Bateman Family including: William Bateman 1st Viscount Culmore 1694-1744 (49) (died 12 Nov 1744), John Bateman 2nd Viscount Culmore 1721-1802 (80) (died 02 Mar 1802), Elizabeth Sambroke Viscountess Bateman -1802 (died 20 Dec 1802, and Captain William Bateman -1783 (died 19 Jun 1783).
On 02 Mar 1797 Horace Walpole 4th Earl Orford 1717-1797 (79) died.
On 02 Mar 1802 Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford 1765-1802 (36) died at Woburn. He was buried at Bedford Chapel, St Michael's Church, Chenies. His Brother John Russell 6th Duke Bedford 1766-1839 (35) succeeded 6th Duke Bedford (6C 1694), 6th Marquess Tavistock. Georgiana Gordon Duchess Bedford 1781-1853 (20) by marriage Duchess Bedford (6C 1694).
On 02 Mar 1805 Bridget Heathcote Countess Morton -1805 died.
On 02 Mar 1807 Mary Grey Viscountess Halifax 1807- was born to Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey 1764-1845 (42) and Mary Ponsonby Countess Grey 1776-1861 (30).
On 02 Mar 1812 John Grey 1812-1895 was born to Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey 1764-1845 (47) and Mary Ponsonby Countess Grey 1776-1861 (35).
On 02 Mar 1814 Georgiana Sarah Elizabeth Lambton 1814-1833 was born to John "Radical Jack" Lambton 1st Earl Durham 1792-1840 (21) and Harriet Cholmondeley 1790-1815 (24).
On 02 Mar 1834 Walter Charles Montagu-Douglas-Scott 1834-1895 was born to Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas-Scott 5th Duke Buccleuch, 7th Duke Queensberry -1884 and Charlotte Anne Thynne Duchess Buccleuch, Duchess Queensbury 1811-1895 (22).
On 02 Mar 1835 Francis Lorraine II Holy Roman Emperor 1768- was appointed 643rd Knight Garter: Regency at Vienna.
On 02 Mar 1845 Augusta Sophia Greville Countess Aylesford -1845 died.
On 02 Mar 1855 Philip Henry Stanhope 4th Earl Stanhope 1781-1855 (73) died. His Son Philip Stanhope 5th Earl Stanhope 1805-1875 (50) succeeded 5th Earl Stanhope.
On 02 Mar 1865 Alice Josephine Bertie 1865-1950 was born to Montagu Arthur Bertie 7th Earl Abingdon 1836-1928 (28) and Caroline Theresa Towneley 1838-1873 (27).
On 02 Mar 1867 John William Spencer Brownlow Egerton-Cust 2nd Earl Brownlow 1842-1867 was buried in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton House, Belton, Grantham.
On 02 Mar 1873 Eric James Lascelles 1873-1901 was born to Henry Thynne Lascelles 4th Earl Harewood 1824-1892 (48) and Diana Smyth Countess Harewood 1838-1904 (35).
On 02 Mar 1877 Consuelo Vanderbilt Duchess Marlborough 1877-1964 was born at New York, New York State.
On 02 Mar 1885 Gwendolen Fanny Godolphin Osborne 1885-1933 was born to George Godolphin Osborne 10th Duke Leeds 1862-1927 (22) and Katherine Frances Lambton Duchess Leeds 1862-1952 (22).
On 02 Mar 1918 Moyra Ponsonby 1918- was born to Vere Brabazon Ponsonby 9th Earl Bessborough 1880-1956 (38).
On 02 Mar 1964 Osborne De Vere Beauclerk 12th Duke St Albans 1874-1964 (89) died. His Second-Cousin Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans 1915-1988 (48) succeeded 13th Duke St Albans (1C 1684). Suzanne Marie Fesq Duchess St Albans 1921-2010 (42) by marriage Duchess St Albans (1C 1684).
On 02 Mar 1965 Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden 1889-1965 (75) died.