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On this Day in History ... 03 March

1323 Battle of Boroughbridge

1539 Exeter Conspiracy

On 03 Mar 1040 Cunigunda Luxembourg-Ardennes Holy Roman Empress 975-1040 (65) died.

On 03 Mar 1311 Antony Bek Bishop of Durham 1245-1311 (66) died.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 03 Mar 1323 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (53) was hanged at Carlisle for having negotiated a truce with the Scots despite having successfuly defeated the rebels at the Battle of Boroughbridge a year before for which he was enobled by King Edward II of England (38).

On 03 Mar 1455 John II King Portugal 1455-1495 was born to Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 (23) and Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Portugal 1432-1455.

On 03 Mar 1506 Louis Aviz 1506-1555 was born to Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 (36) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal 1482-1517 (24). He a 4 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England.

On 03 Mar 1511 Louis Amboise Bishop Albi 1479-1511 (32) died.

On 03 Mar 1528 Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 (33) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (38) were married.. She a Daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a 2 x Great Granddaughter of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

Exeter Conspiracy

On 03 Mar 1539 Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.

Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30). Drawing of Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539 (31).

On 03 Mar 1564 Elizabeth Howard Countess Carrick 1564-1646 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (28) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (14) at Effingham. Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (30) was her Godmother.

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (84).

In 1590 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (39). Portrait of Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (40).

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

On 03 Mar 1583 Elizabeth Southwell 1583-1631 was born to Robert Southwell 1569-1598 (14) and Elizabeth Howard Countess Carrick 1564-1646 (19).

On 03 Mar 1605 George Manners 7th Earl Rutland 1580-1641 (25) and Frances Carey Countess Rutland were married.

On 03 Mar 1611 William Douglas 10th Earl Angus 1552-1611 (59) died. His Son William Douglas 1st Marquess Douglas 1589-1660 (22) succeeded 11th Earl Angus. Margaret Hamilton Countess Angus by marriage Countess Angus.

On 03 Mar 1617 William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (29) and Frances Devereux Duchess Somerset were married at Drayton Bassett, Lichfield. He a 3 x Great Grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Frances Devereux Duchess Somerset.

On 03 Mar 1621 John King Bishop Norwich 1559-1621 (62) died.

In 1622 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (32). Portrait of John King Bishop Norwich 1559-1621.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

On 03 Mar 1626 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire 1552-1626 (73) died. His Son William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Devonshire. Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675 by marriage Countess Devonshire. On 12 Oct 1616 Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (65) died. Both were buried at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. Monument formed two bodies under a low four-poster with black Ionic Capitals and black covering slab. Henry appears as a skeleton on a straw mat, William in his shroud with his face exposed. Extremely grand architecture above the two martial flanking figures, then arches with, on the left armour, and on the right purple, coronet, and sword hung up, and in the middle an angel holding the black inscription tablet and blowing a trumpet. The whole is surmounted by a big broken Pediment. The monument has been attributed to Maximillian Colt -1641.

Before 20 Jun 1628 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648. Portrait (attributed) of William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire 1590-1628.

In 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35). Portrait of Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire -1675.

On 03 Mar 1628 Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (78) died. He was buried at Church of St Cadoc, Raglan, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales. His Son Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester 1577-1646 (51) succeeded 5th Earl Worcester (5C 1514).

In 1621 Gilbert Jackson 1595-1648 (26). Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (71).

On 03 Mar 1631 Nicholas Monck Bishop Hereford 1610-1661 (21) graduated Bachelor of Arts at Wadham College, Oxford University, Oxford.

On 03 Mar 1671 Charles Goring 2nd Earl Norwich 1615-1671 (56) died without issue. Earl Norwich (2C 1644) and Baron Goring extinct.

On 03 Mar 1674 Elizabeth Bagot Countess Uxbridge 1674- was born to Walter Bagot 3rd Baronet Bagot 1644-1704 (29) and Jane Salusbury Baronetess Bagot -1695. The date improbable since her elder brother was apparently born two months before.

On 03 Mar 1695 Barbara Lee Baronetess Browne 1695-1729 was born to Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield 1663-1716 (32) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (30). She a Granddaughter of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 and 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

On 03 Mar 1712 Diana Egerton Baroness Baltimore 1712-1758 was born to Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater 1681-1744 (30) and Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater 1707-1777 (5).

Around 1722 Charles Jervas 1675-1739 (47). Portrait of Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater 1707-1777 (15).

On 03 Mar 1720 George Edgecumbe 1st Earl Mount Edgcumbe 1720-1795 was born to Richard Edgecumbe 1st Baron Edgcumbe 1680-1758 (39) and Matilda Furnese Baroness Edgcumbe -1721.

On 03 Mar 1720 Mary Murray 1720-1795 was born to John Murray 1st Duke Atholl 1660-1724 (60) and Mary Ross Duchess Atholl 1687-.

On 03 Mar 1744 Edward Charles Cavendish-Bentinck 1744-1819 was born to William Bentinck 2nd Duke Portland 1709-1762 (35) and Margaret Cavendish Harley 2nd Duchess Portland 1715-1785 (29) at Welbeck Abbey.

On 03 Mar 1753 Arthur Hill 2nd Marquess Downshire 1753-1801 was born to Wills Hill 1st Marquess Downshire 1718-1793 (34) and Margaretta Fitzgerald -1766.

On 03 Mar 1778 Frederica Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover was born to Charles II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1741-1816 (36).

On 03 Mar 1786 Cecilia Olivia Geraldine Fitzgerald Baroness Foley 1786-1863 was born to William Robert Fitzgerald 2nd Duke Leinster -1804. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 03 Mar 1794 John Harley Bishop Hereford 1728-1788 and Jane Elizabeth Scott 1774-1824 (20) were married. The children of the marriage were known as the 'Harleian Miscellany' due to the uncertainty as to who their father, or fathers, might be.

In 1798 John Hoppner 1758-1810 (39). Portrait of Jane Elizabeth Scott 1774-1824 (24).

In 1799 John Hoppner 1758-1810 (40). Portrait of Jane Elizabeth Scott 1774-1824 (25).

On 03 Mar 1800 Emily Frances Smith 7th Duchess Beaufort 1800-1889 was born to Charles Culling Smith 1775-1853 (25) and Anne Wellesley 1768-1844 (31).

On 03 Mar 1840 Sophia Georgiana Robertina Wellesley Countess Hardwicke 1840-1923 was born to Henry Richard Charles Wellesley 1st Earl Cowley 1804-1884 (35).

On 03 Mar 1850 Alfred Fitzroy 8th Duke Grafton 1850-1930 was born to Augustus Charles Lennox Fitzroy 7th Duke Grafton 1821-1918 (28) and Anne Balfour Duchess Grafton 1825-1857 (25).

On 03 Mar 1851 Charles Stanhope 4th Earl Harrington 1780-1851 (70) died.

On 03 Mar 1877 William Montagu 9th Duke Manchester 1877-1947 was born to George Victor Drogo Montagu 8th Duke Manchester 1853-1892 (23) and Consuelo Yznaga Duchess Manchester.

On 03 Mar 1884 John William Montagu 7th Earl Sandwich 1811-1884 (72) died.

1832. George Hayter 1792-1871 (39). Portrait of John William Montagu 7th Earl Sandwich 1811-1884 (20).

On 03 Mar 1888 Charles Manners 6th Duke Rutland 1815-1888 (72) died unmarried at Belvoir Castle, Belvoir. His Brother John James Robert Manners 7th Duke Rutland 1818-1906 (69) succeeded 7th Duke Rutland, 7th Marquess Grandby, 15th Earl Rutland (3C 1525). Janetta Hughan Duchess Rutland by marriage Duchess Rutland.

On 03 Mar 1944 Louisa Augusta Beatrice Montagu Countess Gosford 1856-1944 (88) died.

On 03 Mar 1982 Ivy Gordon-Lennox 7th Duchess Portland 1887-1982 (94) died.