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On this Day in History ... 04 March

1194 Richard Returns to England

1461 Proclamation of Edward IV as King

On 04 Mar 1188 Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188 (54) died. His Son Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233 (10) succeeded I Count Savoy.

On 04 Mar 1188 Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 was born to Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 (32) and Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 (26). She a Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

Richard Returns to England

On 04 Mar 1194 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (36) and his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (72) sailed from Antwerp on board the Trenchemer. The royal admiral, Stephen of Turnham, who was commanding in person, had to employ experienced pilots to take her through the coastal islets and out into the estuary of the Scheldt. It was a long crossing, perhaps deliberately so, to avoid ambush. The Trenchemer was escorted by a large cog from the Cinque port of Rye. .

On 04 Mar 1371 Joan Évreux Queen Consort France 1310-1371 (61) died.

On 04 Mar 1439 Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419 was appointed Keeper of the Privy Seal.

Proclamation of Edward IV as King

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) declared himself King of England. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was present. .

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) usurped IV King England: Plantagenet York.

On 04 Mar 1468 Archibald "Bell the Cat" Douglas 5th Earl Angus 1449-1513 (19) and Elizabeth Boyd Countess Angus were married. Elizabeth Boyd Countess Angus by marriage Countess Angus.

On 04 Mar 1496 Sigismund Habsburg 4th Duke Austria 1427-1496 (68) died at Innsbruck.

On 04 Mar 1526 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 was born to William Carey 1500-1528 (26) and Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (27). There is speculation among historians that his father may actually have been Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (34) who was known to have had an affair with Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (27) although the precise dates are unknown.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy Argent & Gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was the childhood companion of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.
Physician holding urine bottle

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43).Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

On 04 Mar 1605 Alexander Home 1st Earl Home 1566-1619 (39) was created 1st Earl Home. Mary Dudley Countess Home 1586-1645 (19) by marriage Countess Home.

On or before 04 Mar 1611 William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 was born. He was baptised 04 Mar 1611.

On 04 Mar 1639 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (21) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire -1689 were married. Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire -1689 by marriage Countess Devonshire.

In 1631 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (37). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (13).

Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680 (28). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (29) although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.

On 04 Mar 1653 James Stewart 4th Earl Moray 1611-1653 (42) died. His Son Alexander Stuart 5th Earl Moray 1634-1701 (18) succeeded 5th Earl Moray (5C 1562).

On 04 Mar 1675 John Flamsteed Astronomer 1646-1719 (28) was appointed The King's Astronomical Observator with an allowance of £100 a year.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Mar. 04 Mar 1685. Ash Wednesday; after evening prayers I went to London.

On 04 Mar 1698 Lee Warner -1698 died. Monument in Rochester Cathedral.

On 04 Mar 1703 George Gordon 15th Earl Sutherland 1633-1703 (69) died. His Son John Sutherland 16th Earl Sutherland 1661-1733 (42) succeeded 16th Earl Sutherland.

On 04 Mar 1715 James Waldegrave 2nd Earl Waldegrave 1715-1763 was born to James Waldegrave 1st Earl Waldegrave 1684-1741 (31) and Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave 1695-1719 (20). He a Great Grandson of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and 3 x Great Grandson of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

On 04 Mar 1750 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 was born to William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor 1725-1776 (25) and Harriet Pleydell at Westminster.

In 1806. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830 (36). Portrait of Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 (55).

Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner 1758-1810. Portrait of Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828.

Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner 1758-1810. Portrait of Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828.

On 04 Mar 1758 Frederick Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1758-1758 was born to Ernest Frederick Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Duke Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1724-1800 (33) and Sophia Antonia Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld at Coburg.

On 04 Mar 1776 Mary Ponsonby Countess Grey 1776-1861 was born to William Ponsonby 1st Baron Ponsonby 1744-1806 (31) and Louisa Molesworth Countess Fitzwilliam 1749-1824 (27).

On 04 Mar 1785 Sarah Sophia Fane Countess Jersey 1785-1867 was born to John Fane 10th Earl Westmoreland 1759-1841 (25) and Sarah Anne Child 4th Countess Westmoreland 1764-1793 (20).

Around 1789 George Romney 1734-1802 (54). Portrait of John Fane 10th Earl Westmoreland 1759-1841 (29).

On 04 Mar 1799 William Anne Capell 4th Earl Essex 1732-1799 (66) died at St James's Palace. His Son George Capell-Coningsbury 5th Earl Essex 1757-1839 (41) succeeded 5th Earl Essex (9C 1641). Sarah Bazett Countess Essex 1759-1838 (39) by marriage Countess Essex.

In 1816. Charles Turner 1774-1857 (41). Mezzotint. Portrait of Sarah Bazett Countess Essex 1759-1838 (56).

On 04 Mar 1799 William Beauclerk 8th Duke St Albans 1766-1825 (32) and Maria Janetta Nelthorpe Duchess St Albans -1822 were married. He a 2 x Great Grandson of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 and 4 x Great Grandson of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

On 04 Mar 1810 Emily Paget Countess Sydney Scadbury Kent 1810-1893 was born to Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (41) and Charlotte Cadogan Marchioness Anglesey 1781-1853 (29).

In 1818. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830 (48). Portrait of Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (49).

Around 1800 John Hoppner 1758-1810 (41). Portrait of Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (31).

On 04 Mar 1812 Frances Ward Countess Ferrers -1812 died.

On 04 Mar 1866 Henry Lygon 5th Earl Beauchamp 1829-1866 (37) died of tuberculosis. His Brother Frederick Lygon 6th Earl Beauchamp 1830-1891 (35) succeeded 6th Earl Beauchamp.

On 04 Mar 1868 Archibald Primrose 4th Earl Rosebery 1783-1868 (84) died. His Grandson Archibald Philip Primrose 5th Earl Rosebery 1847-1929 (20) succeeded 5th Earl Rosebery.

On 04 Mar 1872 William Lowther 2nd Earl Lonsdale 1787-1872 (84) died. His Nephew Henry Lowther 3rd Earl Lonsdale 1818-1876 (53) succeeded 3rd Earl Lonsdale (2C 1807), 4th Viscount Lowther, 4th Baron Lowther.

On 04 Mar 1880 Thyra Glücksburg 1880-1945 was born to Frederick VIII King Denmark 1843-1912 (36) and Louise of Sweden Queen Consort Denmark 1851-1926 (28). She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 04 Mar 1887 Gustav Glücksburg 1887-1944 was born to Frederick VIII King Denmark 1843-1912 (43) and Louise of Sweden Queen Consort Denmark 1851-1926 (35). He a 4 x Great Grandson of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 04 Mar 1904 Mary Theresa Montagu-Douglas-Scott 1904-1984 was born to John Charles Montagu-Douglas-Scott 7th Duke Buccleuch, 9th Duke Queensberry 1864-1935 (39) and Margaret Alice "Molly" Bridgeman Duchess Buccleuch, Duchess Queensbury 1872-1954 (32).

On 04 Mar 1904 Diana Smyth Countess Harewood 1838-1904 (66) died.

On 04 Mar 1933 Katherine Georgina Louisa Thynne Countess Cromer Norfolk 1865-1933 (67) died.

On 04 Mar 1945 Aldred Frederick George Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough 1857-1945 (87) died.