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On this Day in History ... 05 March

1295 Battle of Maes Moydog

1601 Essex Rebellion

1694 Death of Queen Mary II

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (19) and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (31) at Le Mans.

On 05 Mar 1147 Henry Burgundy 1147-1155 was born to Afonso "Conqueror Founder Great" I King Portugal 1109-1185 (37) and Malfada Savoy Queen Consort Portugal 1125-1157 (22). He a 3 x Great Grandson of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031.

Battle of Maes Moydog

On 05 Mar 1295 William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298 (58) defeated the army of Madog ap Llywelyn during the Battle of Maes Moydog at Llanfair Caereinion, Radnorshire, Welsh March.English losses were around 100 dead, Welsh around 700.

On 05 Mar 1324 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (49) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327 (40) at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

On 05 Mar 1324 John Bruce 1324-1326 was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (49) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327 (40) at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

On 05 Mar 1326 Louis I King Hungary, King Poland 1326-1382 was born to Charles I King Hungary 1288-1342 (38) and Elisabeth Unknown Queen Consort Hungary.

On 05 Mar 1329 Philip "Noble" III King Navarre 1306-1343 (22) succeeded III King Navarre. Joan Capet Queen Consort Navarre 1312-1349 (17) by marriage as Queen Consort Navarre.

On 05 Mar 1350 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (48) was created 1st Earl Stafford (1C 1351). Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 by marriage Countess Stafford (1C 1351).

On 05 Mar 1364 William Jülich 3rd Duke Guelders, 3rd Duke Jülich 1364-1402 was born to William Jülich I Duke Jülich 1327-1393 (37) and Marie Guelders Duchess Jülich -1405.

On 05 Mar 1451 William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 was born to William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (28) and Anne Devereux 1430-1486 (21).

On 05 Mar 1473 Jean Armagnac V Count Armagnac 1420-1473 (53) died. His Sister Charles Armagnac I Count Armagnac 1425-1497 (48) succeeded I Count Armagnac.

On 05 Mar 1574 Frederick Palatinate-Simmern IV Elector Palatine Rhine 1574-1610 was born to Louis Palatinate-Simmern VI Elector Palatine Rhine 1539-1583 (34).

On 05 Mar 1581 Esmé Stewart 1st Duke Lennox 1542-1583 (39) was created 1st Earl Lennox (6C 1581). Catherine Balsac Duchess Lennox by marriage Lord Aubigny.

On 05 Mar 1581 Robert Stewart 6th Earl Lennox, 1st Earl March 1517-1586 (64) was created 1st Earl March (3C 1581). Elizabeth Stewart Countess Arran, Countess Lennox, Countess March 1549-1595 (32) by marriage Countess March (3C 1581).

On 05 Mar 1599 Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (22) and Elizabeth Sidney 1585-1612 (14) were married. Childless, unhappy and possibly not consummated.

Essex Rebellion

On 05 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) stood trial for high treason for their part in the Essex Rebellion ; both were found guilty.

On 05 Mar 1607 Robert Brudenell 2nd Earl Cardigan 1607-1703 was born to Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (24) and Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan -1664.

On 05 Mar 1621 Thomas Street 1621-1689 was born in Castlelyons.

On 05 Mar 1629 Philip Howard 1629-1717 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 (41) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire.

On 05 Mar 1646 Robert Cholmondeley 1st Earl Leinster 1584-1659 (61) was created 1st Earl Leinster. Catherine Stanhope Countess Leinster by marriage Countess Leinster. Catherine Stanhope Countess Leinster by marriage Countess Leinster.

On 05 Mar 1664 Wentworth Fitzgerald 17th Earl Kildare 1634-1664 (30) died. His Son John Fitzgerald 18th Earl Kildare 1661-1707 (3) succeeded 18th Earl Kildare.

On 05 Mar 1675 John Paulet 5th Marquess Winchester 1598-1675 (77) died. His Son Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (45) succeeded 6th Marquess Winchester. Mary Scrope 6th Marchioness Winchester -1680 by marriage Marchioness Winchester.

In or before 1653. Circle of Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (50). Entitled "Wife of the Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (23)" ie Christian Freschville 1633-1653 (19).

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Mar. 05 Mar 1685. To my griefe I saw the new pulpit set up in the Popish Oratorie at Whitehall Palace for the Lent preaching, masse being publicly said, and the Romanists swarming at Court with greater confidence than had ever ben seene in England since the Reformation, so as every body grew jealous to what this would tend.
A Parliament was now summon'd, and greate industry us'd to obtaine elections which might promote the Court interest, most of the Corporations being now by their new Charters impower'd to make what returnes of members they pleas'd.
There came over divers envoyes and greate persons to condole the death of the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685, who were receiv'd by the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (46) on a bed of mourning, the whole chamber, cieling and floore hung with black, and tapers were lighted, so as nothing could be more lugubrous and solemne. The Queene Consort sat out under a state on a black foot-cloth, to entertaine the circle (as the Queene us'd to do), and hat very decently.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Death of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.
On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey. Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) preached the sermon.
She had reigned for five years. Her husband William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (44) continued to reign for a further eight years.

Around 1676 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (57). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (13).

Around 1686 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (23).

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of Whitehall, Old Horseguards, Whitehall Palace and Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

On 05 Mar 1701 Richard Coote 1st Earl Bellomont 1636-1701 (65) died. His Son Nanfan Coote 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1681-1708 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Castlehaven.

On 27 Feb 1705 Christian Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1705-1705 was born to Frederick Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg II Duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1676-1732 (28) and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt-Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg at Gotha. Christian Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1705-1705 died of smallpox on 05 Mar 1705 at Gotha.

On 05 Mar 1706 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (23) was elected MP Bishop's Castle.

On 05 Mar 1713 Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop Canterbury 1713-1783 was born to Charles Cornwallis 4th Baron Cornwallis 1675-1722 (38) and Charlotte Butler Baroness Cornwallis 1679-1725 (34).

Around 1760. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (24). Portrait of Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop Canterbury 1713-1783 (46).

On 05 Mar 1713 James Hervey 1713-1714 was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751 (47) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol 1676-1741 (36).

1738 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (44). Portrait of John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751 (72).

Before 1712. Charles D'Agar 1669-1723. Portrait of Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol 1676-1741 and twins Henrietta Hervey 1703-1712 and Charles Hervey 1703-1783.

1738 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (44). Portrait of Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol 1676-1741 (61).

On 05 Mar 1723 Mary Hanover 1723-1772 was born to George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (39) and Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (40).

In 1724 Charles Jervas 1675-1739 (49). Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (40).

Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas 1675-1739. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

Before 1744 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

Before 25 Oct 1760 George Knapton 1698-1778. Portrait.of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 wearing his Garter Robes.

Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson 1701-1779. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson 1701-1779. Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

In 1744 Thomas Hudson 1701-1779 (43). Portrait of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (60).

Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas 1675-1739. Portrait of Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737.

Around 1730. Style of Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (71). Portrait of Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (46).

Before 1737 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744. Portrait of Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737.

On 05 Mar 1726 Evelyn Pierrepoint 1655-1726 (71) died. His Grandson Evelyn Pierrepoint 1711-1773 (15) succeeded 2nd Duke Kingston upon Hull, 2nd Marquess Dorchester, 2nd Marquess Dorchester, 6th Earl Kingston upon Hull, 6th Viscount Newark (1C 1627), 6th Baron Pierrepoint Holme Pierrepoint.

Before 1726. Michael Dahl 1659-1743. Portrait of Evelyn Pierrepoint 1655-1726.

Before 1726. Michael Dahl 1659-1743. Portrait of Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704, Evelyn Pierrepoint 1655-1726 and John Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1663-1697.

On 05 Mar 1737 Charles Emmanuel III King Sardinia 1701-1773 (35) and Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia 1711-1741 (25) were married (he was her Half First-Cousin). Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia 1711-1741 (25) by marriage Queen Consort Sardinia. He a Great Grandson of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 and Great Grandson of Louis XIII King France 1601-1643. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625. She a Great Granddaughter of Louis XIII King France 1601-1643.

On 05 Mar 1740 Thomas Pakenham 1st Baron Longford 1713-1766 (26) and Elizabeth Cuffe 1st Countess Longford 1719-1794 (20) were married.

On 05 Mar 1787 Mary Montgomerie 1787-1848 was born to Archibald Montgomerie 11th Earl Eglinton 1726-1796 (60).

On 05 Mar 1813 Elizabeth Kitty Acland Countess Carnarvon 1772-1813 (40) died at Shooter's Hill, Greenwich.

On 05 Mar 1814 James Kenneth Howard 1814-1882 was born to Thomas Howard 16th Earl Suffolk, 9th Earl Berkshire 1776-1851 (37) and Elizabeth Jane Dutton Countess Suffolk, Countess Berkshire 1775-1836 (39).

On 05 Mar 1818 George Bridgeman 2nd Earl Bradford 1789-1865 (28) and Georgina Elizabeth Moncrieffe Countess Bradford 1790-1842 (27) were married.

Before 1861 . George Hayter 1792-1871. Portrait of George Bridgeman 2nd Earl Bradford 1789-1865.

On 05 Mar 1825 Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoyne-Cecil 1825-1872 was born to James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury 1791-1868 (33) and Frances Mary Gascoyne Marchioness Salisbury 1806-1839 (19).

On 05 Mar 1830 Augusta Murray Duchess Sussex 1768-1830 (62) died at Ramsgate.

On 05 Mar 1835 Captain Augustus Henry Archibald Anson VC 1835-1877 was born to Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield 1795-1854 (39) and Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield 1800-1879 (35).

1832. George Hayter 1792-1871 (39). Portrait of Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield 1800-1879 (32) with two of her children Thomas George Anson 2nd Earl Lichfield 1825-1892 (6) and Harriet Frances Maria Anson 1827-1898 (4).

On 05 Mar 1840 George Spencer-Churchill 5th Duke Marlborough 1766-1840 (73) died. His Son George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke Marlborough 1793-1857 (46) succeeded 6th Duke Marlborough, 8th Earl Sunderland (2C 1643), 10th Baron Spencer Wormleighton. Jane Stewart Duchess Marlborough 1798-1844 (42) by marriage Duchess Marlborough.

On 05 Mar 1844 Berkeley Charles Sydney Paget 1844-1913 was born to Henry Paget 2nd Marquess Anglesey 1797-1869 (46) and Henrietta Bagot Marchioness Anglesey.

On 05 Mar 1847 Charles Gordon 11th Marquess Huntly 1847-1937 was born to Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly 1792-1863 (55).

On 05 Mar 1878 Constance Henrietta Paget Countess Nottingham 1823-1878 (55) died.