On this Day in History ... 08 April
On 08 Apr 1349 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham 1308-1349 (41) died at Headington.
On 08 Apr 1350 Charles V King France 1338-1380 (11) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (12) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed). Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (12) by marriage Queen Consort France.
On 01 July 1363 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.
On 08 Apr 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) died at Savoy Palace, Strand. His son Charles V King France 1338-1380 (24) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.
On 08 Apr 1401 Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (63) died. His son Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (19) succeeded 13th Earl Warwick (1C 1088). Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 (15) by marriage Countess Warwick (1C 1088).
On 08 Apr 1419 Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (43) died.
On 08 Apr 1473 (some sources state 1482) Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (49) was created 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (3C 1473) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (30). By letters patent he created Dacre Baron Dacre of Gilsland, declaring "that the said Humfrey Dacre, Knight, and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, late Lord Dacre, comyng, bee reputed, had, named and called the Lord Dacre of Gillesland". Mabel Parr Baroness Dacre Gilsland -1508 by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland (3C 1473).
On 08 Apr 1521 Charles 3rd Duke Savoy 1486–1553 (34) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy 1504-1538 (16) were married. She the daughter of richest monarch in Europe at the time Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 (51). They had nine children together but only one Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy 1528-1580 would reach adulthood.
On 08 Apr 1526 Elisabeth Guelph 1526-1566 was born to Eric "The Elder" Guelph I Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg 1470-1540 (56).
On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. His grandson Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with Obelisks at the corners.
On 08 Apr 1569 Margaret Stewart Countess Erroll 1569-1586 was born to James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 (38) and Agnes Keith Countess Moray Countess Argyll 1530-1588 (38).
On 08 Apr 1605 Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 was born to Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (27) and Margaret Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 (20).
On 08 Apr 1605 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was born to James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30) at the Palace of Placentia. Alice Dennis was chosen as midwife for which she received a reward of £100.
On 08 Apr 1609 Mark Kerr 1st Earl Lothian 1553-1609 (56) died. His son Robert Kerr 2nd Earl Lothian 1574-1624 (35) succeeded 2nd Earl Lothian. Annabel Campbell Countess Lothian -1652 by marriage Countess Lothian.
On 08 Apr 1641 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704 was born to Robert Sidney 2nd Earl of Leicester 1595-1677 (45) and Dorothy Percy Countess Leicester 1598-1659 (43) at Paris.
John Evelyn's Diary 1649 April. 2d April 1649. To London, and inventoried my movables that had hitherto been dispersed for fear of plundering: wrote into France, touching my sudden resolutions of coming over to them. On the 8th, again heard an excellent discourse from Archbishop Usher (68), on Ephes. 4, v. 26-27.
My Italian collection being now arrived, came Moulins, the great chirurgeon, to see and admire the Tables of Veins and Arteries, which I purchased and caused to be drawn out of several human bodies at Padua.
11th April 1649. Received news out of France that peace was concluded; dined with Sir Joseph Evelyn, at Westminster; and on the 13th I saw a private dissection at Moulins's house.
John Evelyn's Diary 1660 February. From 17th February 1660 to 5th April 1660, I was detained in bed with a kind of double tertian, the cruel effects of the spleen and other distempers, in that extremity that my physicians, Drs. Wetherborn, Needham, and Claude, were in great doubt of my recovery; but it pleased God to deliver me out of this affliction, for which I render him hearty thanks: going to church the 8th, and receiving the blessed eucharist.
During this sickness came divers of my relations and friends to visit me, and it retarded my going into the country longer than I intended; however, I wrote and printed a letter in defense of his Majesty (29), against a wicked forged paper, pretended to be sent from Brussels to defame his Majesty's (29) person and virtues and render him odious, now when everybody was in hope and expectation of the General (51) and Parliament recalling him, and establishing the Government on its ancient and right basis. The doing this toward the decline of my sickness, and sitting up long in my bed, had caused a small relapse, out of which it yet pleased God also to free me, so as by the 14th I was able to go into the country, which I did to my sweet and native air at Wotton.
John Evelyn's Diary 1685 April. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall. I observ'd that tho' the King (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.
John Evelyn's Diary 1687 April. 08 Apr 1687. I had a rehearing of my great cause at the Chancery in Westminster Hall, having seven of the most learned Counsel, my adversary five, among which were the Attorney General and late Solicitor Finch, son to the Lord Chancellor Nottingham. The account was at last brought to one article of the surcharge, and referred to a Master. The cause lasted two hours and more.
On 08 Apr 1687 Eleonora Bentinck 1687- was born to William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland 1649-1709 (37) and Anne Villiers Countess Portland 1651-1688 (36).
On 08 Apr 1689 Diana Grey Countess Elgin, Countess Ailesbury 1630-1689 (58) died.
On 08 Apr 1697 Grace Fitzroy Countess Darlington 1697-1763 was christened St James' Church.
On 08 Apr 1702 Thomas Gale Scholar 1635-1702 (67) died.
On 08 Apr 1704 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704 (63) died.
On 08 Apr 1719 Orlando Bridgeman 4th Baronet Bridgeman 1695-1764 (23) and Anne Newport Lady Bridgeman were married.
On 08 Apr 1724 George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle 1724-1772 was born to William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (21) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (20).
On 08 Apr 1752 Francis North 1st Earl Guildford 1704-1790 (47) was created 1st Earl Guildford (3C 1752). Catherine Furnese Countess Guilford, Countess Rockingham -1776 by marriage Countess Guildford (3C 1752).
On 08 Apr 1756 Spencer Madan Bishop 1729-1813 (27) and Charlotte Cornwallis -1794 were married.
On 08 Apr 1788 Horace Pitt-Rivers 3rd Baron Rivers 1777-1831 (10) and Frances Rigby -1860 were married at her father's house in Upper Grosvenor Street, Grosvenor Street.
On 08 Apr 1791 Paulet St John-Mildmay 1791-1845 was born to Henry Paulet St John-Mildmay 3rd Baronet of Farley 1764-1808 (26) and Jane Mildmay. She was a twin with Judith St John-Mildmay Countess Radnor 1790-1851 (1).
On 08 Apr 1794 Martha Harcourt Baroness Vernon Kinderton Chester 1715-1794 (78) died at Lower Grosvenor Street, Belgravia.
On 08 Apr 1795 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.
On 08 Apr 1797 George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke, 8th Earl Montgomery 1759-1827 (37) and Elisabeth Beauclerk Countess Pembroke and Montgomery 1766-1793 were married (he was her first-cousin). Elisabeth Beauclerk Countess Pembroke and Montgomery 1766-1793 by marriage Countess Pembroke (10C 1551), Earl Montgomery.
On 08 Apr 1799 Elizabeth Berkeley 4th Duchess Beaufort 1719-1799 (80) died.
On 08 Apr 1812 John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburham 1724-1812 (87) died. His son George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburham 1760-1830 (51) succeeded 3rd Earl Ashburham. Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham 1776-1862 (36) by marriage Countess Ashburham.
On 08 Apr 1817 Octavius Duncombe 1817-1879 was born to Charles Duncombe 1st Baron Feversham Duncombe Park 1764-1841 (52) and Charlotte Legge Baroness Feversham Duncombe Park 1774-1848 (42).
On 08 Apr 1818 Christian IX King Denmark 1818-1906 was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1785-1831 (33) and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1789-1867 (28).
On 08 Apr 1839 Du Pre Alexander 2nd Earl Caledon 1777-1839 (61) died. His son James Alexander 3rd Earl Caledon 1812-1855 (26) succeeded 3rd Earl Caledon in County Tyrone.
On 08 Apr 1851 George Frederick Samuel Robinson 1st Marquess Ripon 1827-1909 (23) and Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner -1907 were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed).
On 08 Apr 1857 Ethel Jemima Ponsonby Baroness Raglan 1857-1940 was born to Walter William Brabazon Ponsonby 7th Earl Bessborough 1821-1906 (35) and Louisa Susan Cornwallis Eliot Countess Bessborough 1825-1911 (31).
On 08 Apr 1866 Feodora Louise Oldenburg 1866-1952 was born to Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1829-1880 (36) and Adelheid Hohenlohe-Langenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
On 08 Apr 1899 Aldred Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough 1857-1945 (41) and Lucy Cecilia Margetts Countess Scarborough -1931 were married at Christ Church. Lucy Cecilia Margetts Countess Scarborough -1931 by marriage Countess Scarborough.
On 08 Apr 1938 George Mountbatten 2nd Marquess Milford Haven 1892-1938 (45) died. His son David Mountbatten 3rd Marquess Milford Haven 1919-1970 (18) succeeded 3rd Marquess Milford Haven.