On this Day in History ... 08 April

1363 Death of John II King France

On 08 Apr 1250 John Tristan Capet Count Valois 1250-1270 was born to Louis IX King France 1214-1270 (35) and Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 (29) at Damietta. He a 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 08 Apr 1320 Peter I King Portugal 1320-1367 was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal 1291-1357 (29) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1293-1359 (27). He a 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 08 Apr 1349 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham 1308-1349 (41) died at Headington.

On 08 Apr 1350 Charles V King France 1338-1380 (11) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (12) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed). Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (12) by marriage Queen Consort France. He a Son of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a Great Granddaughter of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285.

Death of John II King France

On 01 July 1363 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.
On 08 Apr 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) died at Savoy Palace, Strand. His son Charles V King France 1338-1380 (24) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

On 08 Apr 1401 Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (63) died. His son Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (19) succeeded 13th Earl Warwick (1C 1088). Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 (15) by marriage Countess Warwick (1C 1088).

On 08 Apr 1419 Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (43) died.

On 08 Apr 1435 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 was born to Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (21) and Joan Dacre Baroness Clifford at Conisburgh Castle, Conisburgh. He a 4 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England.

On 08 Apr 1473 Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (49) was created 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (3C 1482).

On 08 Apr 1526 Elisabeth Guelph 1526-1566 was born to Eric "The Elder" Guelph I Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg 1470-1540 (56).

On 08 Apr 1531 Lucia Dorothea Hohenzollern 1531-1532 was born to Albert "The Elder" Hohenzollern I Duke Prussia 1490-1568 (40) and Dorothea Oldenburg 1504-1547 (26).

1528. Lucas Cranach "The Elder" Painter 1472-1553 (56). Portrait of Albert "The Elder" Hohenzollern I Duke Prussia 1490-1568 (37).

On 08 Apr 1548 Henry Daubeney 1st Earl Bridgewater 1493-1548 (54) died.

On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. His grandson Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague. Jane Sackville Viscountess Montague 1573-1652 by marriage Viscountess Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with Obelisks at the corners.

On 08 Apr 1554 John Brydges 1st Baron Chandos 1492-1557 (62) was created 1st Baron Chandos of Sudeley. Elizabeth Grey Baroness Chandos 1492-1559 (62) by marriage Baroness Chandos of Sudeley.

On 08 Apr 1569 Margaret Stewart Countess Erroll 1569-1586 was born to James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 (38) and Agnes Keith Countess Moray Countess Argyll 1530-1588 (38). She a 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1568. Unknown Artist. Portrait of James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 (37).

On 08 Apr 1580 William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 was born to Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (42) and Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke 1561-1621 (18).

On 08 Apr 1595 Henri Valois I Duke Longueville 1568-1595 (27) died. His son Henri Valois II Duke Longueville 1595-1663 succeeded II Duke Longueville being some two days old.

On 08 Apr 1602 William Cope 2nd Baronet Hanwell -1637 and Elizabeth Chaworth Baronetess Hanwell were married at Hanwell.

On 08 Apr 1605 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was born to James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30) at the Palace of Placentia. Alice Dennis was chosen as midwife for which she received a reward of £100.

On 08 Apr 1605 Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 was born to Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (27) and Margaret Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 (20).

Around 1580 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (1).

On 08 Apr 1609 Mark Kerr 1st Earl Lothian 1553-1609 (56) died. His son Robert Kerr 2nd Earl Lothian 1574-1624 (35) succeeded 2nd Earl Lothian. Annabel Campbell Countess Lothian -1652 by marriage Countess Lothian.

On 08 Apr 1641 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704 was born to Robert Sidney 2nd Earl of Leicester 1595-1677 (45) and Dorothy Percy Countess Leicester 1598-1659 (43) at Paris.

On 08 Apr 1643 William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (56) died at Monks Kikby. His son Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (35) succeeded 2nd Earl Denbigh.

John Evelyn's Diary 1649 April. 2d April 1649. To London, and inventoried my movables that had hitherto been dispersed for fear of plundering: wrote into France, touching my sudden resolutions of coming over to them. On the 8th, again heard an excellent discourse from Archbishop Usher (68), on Ephes. 4, v. 26-27.
My Italian collection being now arrived, came Moulins, the great chirurgeon, to see and admire the Tables of Veins and Arteries, which I purchased and caused to be drawn out of several human bodies at Padua.
11th April 1649. Received news out of France that peace was concluded; dined with Sir Joseph Evelyn, at Westminster; and on the 13th I saw a private dissection at Moulins's house.

On 08 Apr 1649 Charles Berkeley 2nd Earl Berkeley 1649-1710 was born to George Berkeley 1st Earl Berkeley 1628-1698 (21) and Elizabeth Massingberd Couness Berkeley -1708.

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 February. From 17th February 1660 to 5th April 1660, I was detained in bed with a kind of double tertian, the cruel effects of the spleen and other distempers, in that extremity that my physicians, Drs. Wetherborn, Needham, and Claude, were in great doubt of my recovery; but it pleased God to deliver me out of this affliction, for which I render him hearty thanks: going to church the 8th, and receiving the blessed eucharist.
During this sickness came divers of my relations and friends to visit me, and it retarded my going into the country longer than I intended; however, I wrote and printed a letter in defense of his Majesty (29), against a wicked forged paper, pretended to be sent from Brussels to defame his Majesty's (29) person and virtues and render him odious, now when everybody was in hope and expectation of the General (51) and Parliament recalling him, and establishing the Government on its ancient and right basis. The doing this toward the decline of my sickness, and sitting up long in my bed, had caused a small relapse, out of which it yet pleased God also to free me, so as by the 14th I was able to go into the country, which I did to my sweet and native air at Wotton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 April. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall. I observ'd that tho' the King (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 April. 08 Apr 1687. I had a rehearing of my great cause at the Chancery in Westminster Hall, having seven of the most learned Counsel, my adversary five, among which were the Attorney General and late Solicitor Finch, son to the Lord Chancellor Nottingham. The account was at last brought to one article of the surcharge, and referred to a Master. The cause lasted two hours and more.

On 08 Apr 1687 Eleonora Bentinck 1687- was born to William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland 1649-1709 (37) and Anne Villiers Countess Portland 1651-1688 (36).

On 08 Apr 1689 Diana Grey Countess Elgin, Countess Ailesbury 1630-1689 (58) died.

On 08 Apr 1697 Grace Fitzroy Countess Darlington 1697-1763 was christened St James' Church.

On 08 Apr 1702 Thomas Gale Scholar 1635-1702 (67) died.

On 08 Apr 1704 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704 (63) died.

On 08 Apr 1719 Orlando Bridgeman 4th Baronet Bridgeman 1695-1764 (23) and Anne Newport Baronetess Bridgeman were married.

On 08 Apr 1722 Caroline Fitzroy Countess Harrington 1722-1784 was born to Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (38) and Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton 1690-1726 (31). She a Great Granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 and 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

On 08 Apr 1724 George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle 1724-1772 was born to William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (21) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (20). He a Great Grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 and 3 x Great Grandson of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (44). Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (42).

On 08 Apr 1742 Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742 (89) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Battersea.

On 08 Apr 1747 Mary Myddleton -1747 died. Monument in St Giles' Church, Wrexham sculpted by Louis-Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762 (44).

Around 1712. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (53). Portrait of Mary Myddleton -1747. Chirk Castle.

In 1762 Adrien Carpentiers 1713-1778 (49). Portrait of Louis-Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762 (59).

On 08 Apr 1752 Francis North 1st Earl Guildford 1704-1790 (47) was created 1st Earl Guildford (3C 1752). Catherine Furnese Countess Guilford, Countess Rockingham -1776 by marriage Countess Guildford (3C 1752).

On 08 Apr 1756 Spencer Madan Bishop 1729-1813 (27) and Charlotte Cornwallis -1794 were married.

On 08 Apr 1761 John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough 1761-1830 was born to John Savile 1st Earl Mexborough 1719-1778 (41) and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821 (19).

In 1751. Arthur Pond Painter 1705-1758 (46). Portrait of Rhoda Delaval 1725-1757 (25) and her siblings Francis Blake Delaval 1727-1771 (23), Edward Hussey Delaval 1729-1814 (22), John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval 1728-1808 (22), Anne Hussey Delaval 1743- and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821 (9).

On 08 Apr 1779 Richard FitzGerald King 1779-1856 was born to Robert King 2nd Earl Kingston 1754-1799 (25) and Caroline Fitzgerald.

On 08 Apr 1780 Charles Stanhope 4th Earl Harrington 1780-1851 was born to Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl Harrington 1753-1829 (27) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824 (24). He a 3 x Great Grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 08 Apr 1788 Horace Pitt-Rivers 3rd Baron Rivers 1777-1831 (10) and Frances Rigby -1860 were married at her father's house in Upper Grosvenor Street, Grosvenor Street.

On 08 Apr 1794 Martha Harcourt Baroness Vernon Kinderton Chester 1715-1794 (78) died at Lower Grosvenor Street, Belgravia.

On 08 Apr 1795 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He a Son of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1798. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830 (28). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (29).

1819. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (41). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (50).

1820. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (42). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51).

On 08 Apr 1797 George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke, 8th Earl Montgomery 1759-1827 (37) and Elisabeth Beauclerk Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery 1766-1793 were married (he was her first-cousin). Elisabeth Beauclerk Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery 1766-1793 by marriage Countess Pembroke (10C 1551), Earl Montgomery.. She a 2 x Great Granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

On 08 Apr 1798 Henry Noel 6th Earl Gainsborough 1743-1798 (55) died without issue. He was buried in St Luke's Church, Kinoulton. The title Earl Gainsborough (1C 1682) extinct.

On 08 Apr 1799 Elizabeth Berkeley 4th Duchess Beaufort 1719-1799 (80) died.

On 08 Apr 1812 John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburham 1724-1812 (87) died. His son George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburham 1760-1830 (51) succeeded 3rd Earl Ashburham. Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham 1776-1862 (36) by marriage Countess Ashburham.

On 08 Apr 1817 Octavius Duncombe 1817-1879 was born to Charles Duncombe 1st Baron Feversham Duncombe Park 1764-1841 (52) and Charlotte Legge Baroness Feversham Duncombe Park 1774-1848 (42).

On 08 Apr 1818 Christian IX King Denmark 1818-1906 was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1785-1831 (33) and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1789-1867 (28). He a 2 x Great Grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 08 Apr 1821 Henry Edwyn Chandos Scudamore-Stanhope 9th Earl of Chesterfield 1821-1887 was born to Edwyn Francis Scudamore-Stanhope 2nd Baronet 1793-1874 (27).

On 08 Apr 1822 Stillborn twins Fitzclarence 1822- was born to William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (56) and Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England (29) at Bushy Park, Richmond.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (76). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (52). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

On 08 Apr 1839 Du Pre Alexander 2nd Earl Caledon 1777-1839 (61) died. His son James Alexander 3rd Earl Caledon 1812-1855 (26) succeeded 3rd Earl Caledon in County Tyrone.

On 08 Apr 1840 William Stephen Poyntz 1770-1840 (70) died. Monument sculpted by Rafaelle Monti 1818-1881 (22) in 1848 in St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst.

On 08 Apr 1851 George Frederick Samuel Robinson 1st Marquess Ripon 1827-1909 (23) and Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner -1907 were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed).

On 08 Apr 1857 Ethel Jemima Ponsonby Baroness Raglan 1857-1940 was born to Walter William Brabazon Ponsonby 7th Earl Bessborough 1821-1906 (35) and Louisa Susan Cornwallis Eliot Countess Bessborough 1825-1911 (31).

On 08 Apr 1866 Feodora Louise Oldenburg 1866-1952 was born to Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1829-1880 (36) and Adelheid Hohenlohe-Langenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 08 Apr 1899 Aldred Frederick George Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough 1857-1945 (41) and Lucy Cecilia Margetts Countess Scarborough -1931 were married at Christ Church. Lucy Cecilia Margetts Countess Scarborough -1931 by marriage Countess Scarborough.

On 08 Apr 1902 John Wodehouse 1st Earl Kimberley 1826-1902 (76) died at 35 Lowndes Square, Belgravia.

On 08 Apr 1938 George Mountbatten 2nd Marquess Milford Haven 1892-1938 (45) died. His son David Mountbatten 3rd Marquess Milford Haven 1919-1970 (18) succeeded 3rd Marquess Milford Haven.