On this Day in History ... 13 January
On 13 Jan 731 Berhtwald Archbishop -731 died .
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1
. Now king
lived two years after his return from Rome; during which, among many other good deeds of this present life, reflecting on his departure according to the way of all flesh, that his sons might not quarrel unreasonably after their father's death, he ordered a will or letter of instructions to be written, in which he ordered that his kingdom should be divided between his two eldest sons, his private inheritance between his sons, his daughters, and his relations, and the money which he left behind him between his sons and nobles, and for the good of his soul. Of this prudent policy we have thought fit to record a few instances out of many for posterity to imitate; namely, such as are understood to belong principally to the needs of the soul; for the others, which relate only to human dispensation, it is not necessary to insert in this work, lest prolixity should create disgust in those who read or wish to hear my work. For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, either native or foreigner, should be supplied with meat, drink, and clothing, by his successors, until the day of judgment; supposing, however, that the country should still be inhabited both by men and cattle, and should not become deserted. He commanded also a large sum of money, namely, three hundred mancuses, to be carried to Rome for the good of his soul, to be distributed in the following manner: namely, a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Peter, specially to buy oil for the lights of the church of that apostle on Easter eve, and also at the cock-crow: a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Paul, for the same purpose of buying oil for the church of St. Paul the apostle, to light the lamps on Easter eve and at the cock-crow; and a hundred mancuses for the universal apostolic pontiff.
On 13 Jan 888 Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine 839-888 (48) died .
On 13 Jan 1330 Frederick "Fair" Habsburg I Duke Austria 1289-1330 (41) died . His brother Leopold Habsburg I Duke Austria 1290-1326 succeeded as I Duke Austria .
On 13 Jan 1332 John Strange 4th Baron Strange Blackmere 1332-1361 was born to John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere 1306-1349 (25) and Ankaret Boteler Baroness Strange Blackmere 1309-1361 (22) at Whitchurch, Shropshire .
On 13 Jan 1334 Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 was born illegitimately to Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 (22) and Eleanor Guzman . He was one of twins.
On 13 Jan 1334 Fadrique Alfonso Ivrea 1334-1358 was born illegitimately to Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 (22) and Eleanor Guzman at Seville
On 13 Jan 1393 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire .
On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral . Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362) .
On 13 Jan 1400 Prince John Aviz Constable Portugal 1400-1442 was born to John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (42) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (39) . He was a Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377.
On 13 Jan 1434 Joan Pole 4th Baroness Cobham -1434 died . She was buried at Cobham Church, Cobham, Kent . Her daughter Joan Braybrooke 5th Baroness Cobham 1403-1442 (30) succeeded as 5th Baron Cobham .
On 13 Jan 1505 Joachim Hector Hohenzollern 1505-1571 was born to Joachim "Nestor" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg 1484-1535 (20)
13 Jan 1559
Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (32) was created 1st Baron Hunsdon . Anne Morgan Baroness Hunsdon 1529-1607 (30) by marriage Baroness Hunsdon .
Oliver St John 1st Baron St John Bletso 1522-1582 (37) was created 1st Baron St John Bletso (1C 1559) . Agnes Fisher Baroness St John Bletso 1526-1572 (33) by marriage Baroness St John Bletso (1C 1559) .
On 13 Jan 1584 Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584 (59) died . His son Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Wentworth .
On 13 Jan 1610 Maria Anna Habsburg-Spain Duchess Bavaria 1610-1665 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1578-1637 (31) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress 1574-1616 (35)
On 13 Jan 1628 Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (67) died . He was buried at Wimborne St Giles Church, Wimborne St Giles, Dorset
On 13 Jan 1646 John Claypole 1625-1688 (20) and Elizabeth Cromwell 1629-1658 (16) were married
On 13 Jan 1653 David Wemyss 2nd Earl Wemyss 1610-1679 (42) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch, Countess Wemyss -1688 were married .
On 13 Jan 1684 Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684 (55) died . His son Henry Howard 7th Duke Norfolk 1655-1701 (29) succeeded as 7th Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 25th Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 8th Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 5th Earl Norfolk (5C 1644) , 2nd Earl Norwich (3C 1672) , 18th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 22nd Baron Segrave (1C 1295) , 16th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 20th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 15th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 17th Baron Talbot (1C 1331) , 15th Baron Arundel (1C 1377) , 2nd Baron Howard of Castle Rising , Earl Marshal . Mary Mordaunt Duchess Norfolk 1659-1705 (25) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .
On 13 Jan 1697 Elizabeth Cutler Countess Radnor -1697 died .
On 13 Jan 1735 Polyxena Hesse-Rotenburg Queen Consort Sardinia 1706-1735 (28) died .
On 13 Jan 1801 Sophia Laura Wodehouse 1801-1869 was born to John Wodehouse 2nd Baron Wodehouse 1771-1846 (30) and Charlotte Norris Baronetess Woodhouse -1845 .
On 13 Jan 1805 Maria wife of Robert Henson died. Monument in Church of St John the Baptist, Barnack, Cambridgeshire . Sculpted by Richard Westmacott 1775-1856 (29) .
On 13 Jan 1808 George Strickland 5th Baronet Strickland 1729-1808 (78) died . His son William Strickland 6th Baronet Strickland 1753-1834 (54) succeeded as 6th Baronet Strickland of Boynton .
On 13 Jan 1819 George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke Marlborough 1793-1857 (25) and Jane Stewart Duchess Marlborough 1798-1844 (21) were married (he was her first-cousin).
On 13 Jan 1838 John Scott 1st Earl Eldon 1751-1838 (86) died . His son John Scott 2nd Earl Eldon 1805-1854 (32) succeeded as 2nd Earl Eldon . Louisa Duncombe Countess Eldon 1807-1852 (30) by marriage Countess Eldon .
On 13 Jan 1843 Louise Auguste possible father Johann Friedrich Struensee Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1771-1843 (71) died
On 13 Jan 1844 George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings 1808-1844 (35) died . His son Paulyn Reginald Serlo Rawdon-Hastings 3rd Marquess Hastings 1832-1851 (12) succeeded as 3rd Marquess Hastings .
On 13 Jan 1883 Arthur Windsor 1883-1938 was born to Arthur William Patrick Albert Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (32) and Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria Agnes Hohenzollern Duchess Connaught and Strathearn 1860-1917 (22) . He was a Grandson of Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901.
On 13 Jan 1888 Lilah Katherine Julia Wingfield 1888-1981 was born to Mervyn Wingfield 7th Viscount Powerscourt 1836-1904 (51) and Julia Coke Viscountess Powerscourt 1844-1931 (44) .
On 13 Jan 1915 William Duncombe 1st Earl Feversham 1829-1915 (85) died . His grandson Charles William Reginald Duncombe 2nd Earl Feversham 1879-1916 (35) succeeded as 2nd Earl Feversham (3C 1868) . Marjorie Blanche Eva Greville Countess Feversham 1884-1964 (30) by marriage Countess Feversham (3C 1868) .
On 13 Jan 1948 Peter Charles Beauclerk 1948- was born to Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans 1915-1988 (32) and Suzanne Marie Fesq Duchess St Albans 1921-2010 (26) .