On this Day in History ... 13 January

CONTENT

858 Death of King Aethelwulf

888 Death of Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine

1312 Gaveston Returns from Exile

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1400 Epiphany Rising

1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 13 Jan 731 Berhtwald Archbishop -731 died .

Death of King Aethelwulf

On 13 Jan 858 Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 died . His son Aethelbald King Wessex -860 succeeded as King Wessex

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1 . Now king Ethelwulf lived two years after his return from Rome; during which, among many other good deeds of this present life, reflecting on his departure according to the way of all flesh, that his sons might not quarrel unreasonably after their father's death, he ordered a will or letter of instructions to be written, in which he ordered that his kingdom should be divided between his two eldest sons, his private inheritance between his sons, his daughters, and his relations, and the money which he left behind him between his sons and nobles, and for the good of his soul. Of this prudent policy we have thought fit to record a few instances out of many for posterity to imitate; namely, such as are understood to belong principally to the needs of the soul; for the others, which relate only to human dispensation, it is not necessary to insert in this work, lest prolixity should create disgust in those who read or wish to hear my work. For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, either native or foreigner, should be supplied with meat, drink, and clothing, by his successors, until the day of judgment; supposing, however, that the country should still be inhabited both by men and cattle, and should not become deserted. He commanded also a large sum of money, namely, three hundred mancuses, to be carried to Rome for the good of his soul, to be distributed in the following manner: namely, a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Peter, specially to buy oil for the lights of the church of that apostle on Easter eve, and also at the cock-crow: a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Paul, for the same purpose of buying oil for the church of St. Paul the apostle, to light the lamps on Easter eve and at the cock-crow; and a hundred mancuses for the universal apostolic pontiff.

Death of Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine

On 13 Jan 888 Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine 839-888 (48) died .

On 13 Jan 1049 Dirk Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1025-1049 (24) was murdered . His brother Floris Gerulfing I Count Holland 1025-1061 (24) succeeded as I Count Holland .

On 13 Jan 1151 Hawise Salisbury Count Dreux 1118-1151 (33) died

On 13 Jan 1200 Otto Hohenstaufen I Count Burgundy 1170-1200 (29) was murdered .

Gaveston Returns from Exile

On 13 Jan 1312 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (27) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were reunited at Knaresborough Castle (probably).

On 13 Jan 1314 John Bardolf 3rd Baron Bardolf 1314-1363 was born to Thomas Bardolf 2nd Baron Bardolf 1282-1357 (31) and Agnes Grandison Baroness Bardolf 1289-1349 (25)

On 13 Jan 1330 Frederick "Fair" Habsburg I Duke Austria 1289-1330 (41) died . His brother Leopold Habsburg I Duke Austria 1290-1326 succeeded as I Duke Austria .

On 13 Jan 1332 John Strange 4th Baron Strange Blackmere 1332-1361 was born to John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere 1306-1349 (25) and Ankaret Boteler Baroness Strange Blackmere 1309-1361 (22) at Whitchurch, Shropshire .

On 13 Jan 1334 Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 was born illegitimately to Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 (22) and Eleanor Guzman . He was one of twins.

On 13 Jan 1334 Fadrique Alfonso Ivrea 1334-1358 was born illegitimately to Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 (22) and Eleanor Guzman at Seville

On 13 Jan 1335 Thomas Ros 4th Baron Ros Helmsley 1335-1384 was born to William Ros 2nd Baron Ros Helmsley 1285-1343 (50) and Margery Badlesmere Baroness Ros Helmsley 1308-1363 (27) .

On 13 Jan 1393 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire .

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral . Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362) .

On 13 Jan 1400 Prince John Aviz Constable Portugal 1400-1442 was born to John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (42) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (39) . He was a Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377.

Epiphany Rising

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) was beheaded at Bristol, Gloucestershire . .

On 13 Jan 1434 Joan Pole 4th Baroness Cobham -1434 died . She was buried at Cobham Church, Cobham, Kent . Her daughter Joan Braybrooke 5th Baroness Cobham 1403-1442 (30) succeeded as 5th Baron Cobham .

On 13 Jan 1450 Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (32) died . His son Richard Grey 3rd Earl Tankerville 1436-1466 (13) succeeded as 3rd Earl Tankerville (1C 1418) .

On 13 Jan 1505 Joachim Hector Hohenzollern 1505-1571 was born to Joachim "Nestor" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg 1484-1535 (20)

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 13 Jan 1559 ...
Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (32) was created 1st Baron Hunsdon . Anne Morgan Baroness Hunsdon 1529-1607 (30) by marriage Baroness Hunsdon .
Oliver St John 1st Baron St John Bletso 1522-1582 (37) was created 1st Baron St John Bletso (1C 1559) . Agnes Fisher Baroness St John Bletso 1526-1572 (33) by marriage Baroness St John Bletso (1C 1559) .

On 13 Jan 1584 Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584 (59) died . His son Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Wentworth .

On 13 Jan 1601 Bridget Hussey Countess Bedford 1526-1601 (75) died

On 13 Jan 1610 Maria Anna Habsburg-Spain Duchess Bavaria 1610-1665 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1578-1637 (31) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress 1574-1616 (35)

On 13 Jan 1612 Jane Dormer Duchess Feria 1538-1612 (74) died .

On 13 Jan 1628 Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (67) died . He was buried at Wimborne St Giles Church, Wimborne St Giles, Dorset

On 13 Jan 1646 John Claypole 1625-1688 (20) and Elizabeth Cromwell 1629-1658 (16) were married

In 1658 John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (40) . Portrait of Elizabeth Cromwell 1629-1658 (28) .

On 13 Jan 1652 Henry Booth 1st Earl Warrington 1652-1694 was born to George Booth 1st Baron Delamer 1622-1684 (29) and Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer 1622-

13 Jan 1652 . John Evelyn's Diary 1652 Jan . I took leave of Mr. Waller (45) , who, having been proscribed by the rebels, had obtained of them permission to return, was going to England.

Around 1687 . John Riley 1646-1691 (41) . Portrait of Edmund Waller Poet 1606-1687 (80) .

On 13 Jan 1653 David Wemyss 2nd Earl Wemyss 1610-1679 (42) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch, Countess Wemyss -1688 were married .

On 13 Jan 1663 Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge 1663-1743 was born to William Paget 6th Baron Paget Beaudasert 1637-1713 (25) and Frances Pierrepoint Baroness Paget Beaudasert -1734 .

On 13 Jan 1684 Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684 (55) died . His son Henry Howard 7th Duke Norfolk 1655-1701 (29) succeeded as 7th Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 25th Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 8th Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 5th Earl Norfolk (5C 1644) , 2nd Earl Norwich (3C 1672) , 18th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 22nd Baron Segrave (1C 1295) , 16th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 20th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 15th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 17th Baron Talbot (1C 1331) , 15th Baron Arundel (1C 1377) , 2nd Baron Howard of Castle Rising , Earl Marshal . Mary Mordaunt Duchess Norfolk 1659-1705 (25) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .

On 13 Jan 1696 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Albermarle 1673-1702 (22) was created 1st Duke Albermarle (Jacobite 1C 1696)

On 13 Jan 1697 Elizabeth Cutler Countess Radnor -1697 died .

On 13 Jan 1707 John Boyle 5th Earl Cork 1707-1762 was born to Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery 1674-1731 (32) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Cork 1691-1708 (15)

On 13 Jan 1735 Polyxena Hesse-Rotenburg Queen Consort Sardinia 1706-1735 (28) died .

On 13 Jan 1746 Thomas Howard 3rd Earl Effingham 1746-1791 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Earl Effingham 1714-1763 (32) and Elizabeth Beckford Countess Effingham -1791 .

On 13 Jan 1779 Sophia Curzon 1779-1849 was born to Nathaniel Curzon 2nd Baron Scarsdale 1752-1837 (26) and Sophia-Susanna Noel -1782 .

On 13 Jan 1781 Margaret Rolle Countess Orford 1709-1781 (71) died . Her son George Walpole 3rd Earl Orford 1730-1791 (50) succeeded as 16th Baron Clinton .

On 13 Jan 1801 Sophia Laura Wodehouse 1801-1869 was born to John Wodehouse 2nd Baron Wodehouse 1771-1846 (30) and Charlotte Norris Baronetess Woodhouse -1845 .

On 13 Jan 1803 John Ponsonby 1st Viscount Ponsonby 1770-1855 (33) and Frances Elizabeth Villiers Viscountess Ponsonby 1786-1866 (17) were married .

On 13 Jan 1805 Maria wife of Robert Henson died. Monument in Church of St John the Baptist, Barnack, Cambridgeshire . Sculpted by Richard Westmacott 1775-1856 (29) .

On 13 Jan 1808 George Strickland 5th Baronet Strickland 1729-1808 (78) died . His son William Strickland 6th Baronet Strickland 1753-1834 (54) succeeded as 6th Baronet Strickland of Boynton .

On 13 Jan 1819 George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke Marlborough 1793-1857 (25) and Jane Stewart Duchess Marlborough 1798-1844 (21) were married (he was her first-cousin).

On 13 Jan 1828 Elizabeth Berkeley Margrave Brandenburg-Ansbach 1750-1828 (77) died

On 13 Jan 1838 John Scott 1st Earl Eldon 1751-1838 (86) died . His son John Scott 2nd Earl Eldon 1805-1854 (32) succeeded as 2nd Earl Eldon . Louisa Duncombe Countess Eldon 1807-1852 (30) by marriage Countess Eldon .

On 13 Jan 1843 Louise Auguste possible father Johann Friedrich Struensee Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1771-1843 (71) died

On 13 Jan 1844 George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings 1808-1844 (35) died . His son Paulyn Reginald Serlo Rawdon-Hastings 3rd Marquess Hastings 1832-1851 (12) succeeded as 3rd Marquess Hastings .

On 13 Jan 1883 Arthur Windsor 1883-1938 was born to Arthur William Patrick Albert Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (32) and Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria Agnes Hohenzollern Duchess Connaught and Strathearn 1860-1917 (22) . He was a Grandson of Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901.

In 1908 John Singer-Sargent Painter 1856-1925 (51) . Portrait of Arthur William Patrick Albert Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (57) .

On 13 Jan 1888 Lilah Katherine Julia Wingfield 1888-1981 was born to Mervyn Wingfield 7th Viscount Powerscourt 1836-1904 (51) and Julia Coke Viscountess Powerscourt 1844-1931 (44) .

On 13 Jan 1915 William Duncombe 1st Earl Feversham 1829-1915 (85) died . His grandson Charles William Reginald Duncombe 2nd Earl Feversham 1879-1916 (35) succeeded as 2nd Earl Feversham (3C 1868) . Marjorie Blanche Eva Greville Countess Feversham 1884-1964 (30) by marriage Countess Feversham (3C 1868) .

On 13 Jan 1948 Peter Charles Beauclerk 1948- was born to Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans 1915-1988 (32) and Suzanne Marie Fesq Duchess St Albans 1921-2010 (26) .

On 13 Jan 1960 Reginald Herbert 15th Earl Pembroke, 12th Earl Montgomery 1880-1960 (79) died .