Twenty Trees

On this Day in History ... 13 June

1483 Execution of Hastings

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1596 Sack of Cadiz

1625 Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

1625 Charles I and Henrietta Maria's First Meeting

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1688 Seven Bishops Imprisoned

On 13 Jun 823 Charles "Bald" I King West Francia 823-877 was born to Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840 (45) and Judith Welf Queen Consort Aquitaine, Queen Consort Franks 797-843 (26).

On 13 Jun 839 Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine 839-888 was born to Louis "German" II King East Francia 804-876 (35) and Hemma Welf Queen Consort East Francia 803-876 (36).

On 13 Jun 1142 Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine 1107-1142 (35) died. His son Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine 1142-1190 succeeded III Count Louvain, VIII Duke Lower Lorraine.

On 13 Jun 1308 Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (32) and Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (21) were married.. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 13 Jun 1349 John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349 (46) died. His son John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1323-1372 (26) succeeded 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby. Cecily Ufford Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1327-1372 (22) by marriage Baroness Willoughby Eresby.
He was buried at St James' Church, Spilsby. His wife Joan Roscelyn Baroness Willoughby Eresby, Baroness Latimer (41) subsequently buried with him. She wears a skirt and mantle.

On 13 Jun 1363 Adolph Marck Archbishop Cologne 1334-1394 (29) was appointed Archbishop Cologne.

On 13 Jun 1385 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (17) as appointed Earl Marshal.

On 13 Jun 1388 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 was born to John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (38) and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (28). He a 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 13 Jun 1394 Wartislaw Griffins VI Duke Pomerania 1345-1394 (49) died. His son Barnim Griffins 6th Duke Pomerania 1365-1405 (29) succeeded 6th Duke Pomerania. Veronica Hohenzollern Duchess Pomerania by marriage Duchess Pomerania.

On 13 Jun 1401 Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop -1401 died.

On 13 Jun 1455 William Lovell 7th Baron Lovel 4th Baron Holand 1397-1455 (58) died at Minster Lovell, Witney. He was buried at Greyfriars, Oxford. On 13 Jun 1455 His son John Lovell 8th Baron Lovel 5th Baron Holand 1433-1463 (22) succeeded 8th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 5th Baron Holand.

On 13 Jun 1475 Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1439-1475 (36) died.

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63), Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28). During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46).
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London. He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483. His son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430). Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430).
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

On 13 Jun 1490 Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 and Margaret Lyle Countess Lennox were married. Margaret Lyle Countess Lennox by marriage Countess Lennox (2C 1488).

On 13 Jun 1500 Ernest Wittelsbach 1500-1560 was born to Albert Wittelsbach IV Duke Bavaria 1447-1508 (52) and Kunigunde Habsburg Duchess Bavaria 1465-1520 (35). He a 4 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England.

On 13 Jun 1557 John Conyers 3rd Baron Conyers 1524-1557 (33) died. Baron Conyers abeyant.

On 13 Jun 1573 Archibald Douglas 8th Earl Angus, 5th Earl Morton 1555-1558 and Mary Erskine Countess Angus, Countess Morton were married. Mary Erskine Countess Angus, Countess Morton by marriage Countess Angus, Earl Morton.

On 13 Jun 1578 Thomas Finch 2nd Earl Winchilsea 1578-1639 was born to Moyle Finch 1st Baronet Eastwell 1550-1614 (28) and Elizabeth Heneage 1st Countess Winchelsea 1556-1634 (21).

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

The Letter Books of Amias Paulet Keeper of Mary queen of Scots Published 1874 Marys Execution. Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.The inventory of the property of the Queen of Scots (44), alluded to in the foregoing letter, is printed in Prince Labanoff's collection, in which it occupies more than twenty pages. Poulet (54) compiled it by summoning Mary's servants before him, and requesting each of them to give him a written note of all that the Queen (44) had given them. A comparison of this inventory, made after Mary's death, with a former one, dated June 13, 1586, which Prince Labanoff found amongst M. de Chateauneuf's papers enables us to see that Mr. Froude has been led into a curious error respecting Mary Stuart's dress at the scaffold by the anonymous writer whose account he follows in preference to the narratives drawn up by responsible witnesses. It may seem to be of little importance, but as Mr. Froude has chosen to represent the last moments of Mary's life as "brilliant acting throughout," he should at least have been accurate in his details. He even goes so far as to say that she was deprived of the assistance of her chaplain for "fear of some religious melodrame." As to her dress, he says, "She (44) stood on the black scaffold with the black figures all around her, blood-red from head to foot. Her reasons for adopting so extraordinary a costume must be left to conjecture. It is only certain that it must have been carefully studied, and that the pictorial effect must have been appalling." And he quotes from the Vray Rapport the words, "Ainsy fut executee toute en rouge. [Translation: So was executed all in red.]"
The rouge was not " blood-red," but a dark red brown. Blackwood says that she wore, with a pourpoint or bodice of black satin, "une Juppe de vellours cramoisi brun," and the narrative called La Mort de la Royne d'Escosse says the same. There it is in the June inventory, "Une juppe de velloux cramoisy brun, bandee de passement noir, doublee de taffetas de couleur brune." In the inventory taken after her death it is wanting. As it happens, if she had wished to be "blood-red," she might have been so, for in the wardrobe there was "satin figure incarnat," " escarlate," and " satin incarnate." These figure both in the June and February inventories. When she was dressed "le plus proprement qu'elle put et mieux que de coutume," she said to her maids of honour, "Mes amies, je vous eusse laisse plustost cet accoustrement que celui d'hier, sinon qu'il faut que j'aille a la mort un peu honnorablement, et que j'aye quelque chose plus que le commun." "La tragedie finie," continues Blackwood, " les pauvres damoiselles, soigneuses de rhonneur de leur maistresse s'adresserent a Paulet son gardien, et le prierent que le bourreau ne touchast plus au corps de sa Majeste, et qu'il leur fust permis de la despouiller, apres que le monde seroit retire, afin qu'aucune indignite ne fust faitte au corps, promettant de luy rendre la despouille, et tout ce qu'il pourroit demander. Mais ce maudict et espou- ventable Cerbere les renvoya fort lourdement, leur commandant de sortir de la salle. Cependant le bourreau la dechausse, et la manie a sa discretion. Apres qu'il eust fait tout ce qu'il voulust, le corps fut porte en une chambre joignante celle de ces serviteurs, bien fermee de peur qu'ils n'y entrassent pour luy rendre leurs debvoirs. Ce qui augmenta grandement leur ennuy, ils la voyoient par le trou de la serrure demy couverte d'un morceau de drop de bure qu'on avoit arrache de la table du billard, dont nous avous parle cy dessus, et prioyent Dieu a la porte, dont Paulet (54) s'appercevant fist boucher le trou."
The executioner snatched from her hand the little gold cross that she took from her neck. "Sa Majeste osta hors de son col line croix d'or, qu'elle vouloit bailler a mie de ses filles, disant au maistre d'oeuvres, Mon amy, cecy n'est pas k vostre usage, laissez la a cette damoiselle elle vous baillera en Argent plus qu'elle ne vaut; il luy arracha d'entre les mains fort rudement, disant, C'est mon droit. C'eust este merveille qu'elle eust trouve courtoisie en un bourreau Anglois, qui ne I'avoit jamais sceu trouver entre les plus honestes du pais, sinon tant qu'ils en pouvoient tirer de profit." It was worthy of Poulet (54) to insist that, even though everything Mary wore was to be burnt and the headsman was to lose his perquisites lest he should sell them for relics, it was to be by his hands that they should be taken from the person of his victim.
Several narratives of the execution exist. The most complete, attributed to Bourgoin, is printed in Jebb. Sir H. Ellis and Robertson print the official report of the Commissioners. Then there is Chateauneuf's Report to Henry III., February 27, 1587, N.S., in Teulet, and a narrative drawn up for Burghley by R. W. (Richard Wigmore). Blackwood also furnishes an interesting and trustworthy description. The anonymous Vray Rapport will be found in Teulet. Mr. Froude appears to have selected it, partly because it was possible to expand the Realistic description of the dissevered head, and in particular the inevitable contraction of the features, into the gross and pitiless caricature which he permits himself of the poor wreck of humanity; partly too, because the Vray Rapport, in direct contradiction to the other accounts, supports his assertion that Mary was "dreadfully agitated" on receiving the message of death from the two Earls. To convey the impression that the writer was bodily present on that occasion, Mr. Froude introduces him as "evidently an eye-witness, one of the Queen of Scots' (44) own attendants, probably her surgeon." But the narrative shows us that the writer, whoever he was, could not have been one of Mary's attendants, nor even acquainted with them, for he designates the two ladies who assisted their mistress at the scaffold as "deux damoiselles, I'une Francoise nommee damoiselle Ramete, et l'autre Escossoise, qui avait nom Ersex." There were no such names in Mary's household. The two ladies were both Scottish, Jane Kennedy and Elspeth Curie, Gilbert Curle's sister. Mr. Froude says, "Barbara Mowbray bound her eyes with a handkerchief." It was Jane Kennedy who performed for her this last service.
Poulet's (54) inventory, amongst other things, contains the following entry : "Memorandum that the Priest claimeth as of the said late Queen's gift, a silver chalice with a cover, two silver cruets, four images, the one of our Lady in red coral, with divers other vestments and necessaries belonging to a Massing Priest." When the scaffold had been taken away, the Priest was allowed to leave his room and join the rest of the household. On the morning after the execution he said Mass for Mary's soul; but on the afternoon of that day Melville and Bourgoin were sent for by Poulet, who gave orders that the altar should be taken down, and demanded an oath that Mass should not be said again. Melville excused himself as he was a Protestant and not concerned; the physician stoutly refused. Poulet (54) sent for the Priest, and required the coffer in which the vestments were kept to be brought to him. Du Preau, who was evidently a timid man, took the oath that Poulet (54) insisted on, little thinking that he was pledging himself for six months. "II jura sur la bible de ne faire aucune office de religion, craignant d'estre resserre en prison."
The household of the late Queen (44) were not allowed to depart as soon as Poulet (54) expected. They were detained at Fotheringay, from motives of policy, till the 3rd of August, when the funeral of their mistress having been at last performed, they were set free. Some of them were taken to Peterborough to accompany the corpse and to be present at the funeral ceremonies on the 1st of August. Amongst them, in the order of the procession, it is surprising to find Mary's chaplain, "Monsieur du Preau, aumosnier, en long manteau, portant une croix d'Argent en main." The account of the funeral from which this is taken, written by one of the late Queen's (44) household, takes care to mention that when they reached the choir of Peterborough Minster, and the choristers began "a chanter a leur fagon en langage Anglois," they all, with the exception of Andrew Melville and Barbara Mowbray, left the church and walked in the cloisters till the service was finished. "Si les Anglois," he says, "et principalement le Roy des heraux . . . estoit en extreme cholere, d'autant estoient joieux et contents les Catholiques."
Poulet left for London, and as long as Mary's servants were detained at Fotheringay, he seems to have retained jurisdiction over them. It was to him, therefore, that Melville and Bourgoin applied in March for leave to sell their horses and to write into France respecting the bequests made to them by the Queen of Scots ; and to him that Darrell forwarded in June "the petition of the whole household and servants of the late Queen of Scotland remaining at Fotheringay," begging to be released from their prison and to be allowed to leave the country.
Poulet (54), as has already been said, was made Chancellor of the Garter in April, 1587, but he did not retain this preferment for a whole year. He continued in the Captaincy of Jersey up to his death, but he appears to have resided in and near London. In the British Museum are two letters from him of small importance. One, addressed to the Lord High Admiral, is dated, "From my poor lodging in Fleet Street, the 14th of January, 1587," about "right of tenths in Jersey, belonging to the Government." The other, "From my little lodge at Twickenham, the 24th of April, 1588," "on behalf of Berry," whose divorce was referred by the Justices of the Common Pleas to four Doctors of the Civil Law, of whom Mr. Doctor Caesar, Judge of the Admiralty, to whom the letter was written, was one.
His name also occurs in a letter, from Walsingham to Burghley, dated May 23, 1587, while Elizabeth still kept up the farce of Burghley's disgrace for despatching Mary Stuart's death-warrant. "Touching the Chancellorship of the Duchy, she told Sir Amias Poulet that in respect of her promise made unto me, she would not dispose of it otherwise. But yet hath he no power to deliver the seals unto me, though for that purpose the Attorney is commanded to attend him, who I suppose will be dismissed hence this day with- out any resolution." And on the 4th of January following, together with the other lords of the Council, he signed a letter addressed by the Privy Council to the Lord Admiral and to Lord Buckhurst, the Lieutenants of Sussex, against such Catholics as "most obstinately have refused to come to the church to prayers and divine service," requiring them to " cause the most obstinate and noted persons to be committed to such prisons as are fittest for their safe keeping : the rest that are of value, and not so obstinate, are to be referred to the custody of some -ecclesiastical persons and other gentlemen well affected, to remain at the charges of the recusant, to be restrained in such sort as they may be forthcoming, and kept from intelligence with one another." On the 26th of September, in the year in which this letter was written, 1588, Sir Amias Poulet died.
Poulet was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London.When that church was pulled down to be rebuilt, his remains, with the handsome. Monument erected over them, were removed to the parish church of Hinton St. George. After various panegyrics in Latin, French, and English inscribed on his. Monument, a quatrain, expressive apparently of royal favour, pays the following tribute to the service rendered by him to the State as Keeper of the Queen of Scots: Never shall cease to spread wise Poulet's fame; These will speak, and men shall blush for shame: Without offence to speak what I do know, Great is the debt England to him doth owe.

On 13 Jun 1592 Henry Scrope 9th Baron Scrope Bolton 1534-1592 (58) died at Carlisle. His son Thomas Scrope 10th Baron Scrope Bolton 1567-1609 (25) succeeded 10th Baron Scrope Bolton. Philadelphia Carey Baroness Scrope Bolton by marriage Baroness Scrope Bolton.

On 13 Jun 1595 John Holles 2nd Earl Clare 1595-1666 was born to John Holles 1st Earl Clare 1564-1637 (31) and Anne Stanhope Countess Clare 1576-1651 (19) at Haughton.

Sack of Cadiz

On 13 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) departed from Plymouth with a fleet of 150 English and Dutch ships divided into four squads with 6,360 private soldiers, 1,000 English volunteers, and 6,772 sailors.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (60) was admiral in command. Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) commanded the land forces. Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway 1564-1631 (32) commanded a foot Regiment.
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (34),Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (42),Francis Vere 1561-1609 (36) each commanded a squadron.
Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (35) represented Queen Elizabeth (62).

Charles I and Henrietta Maria's First Meeting

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) met for the first time at St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury. .

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) by marriage Queen Consort England. .

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

On 13 Jun 1631 Gilbert Hay 11th Earl Erroll 1631-1674 was born to William Hay 10th Earl Erroll 1596-1636 (34) and Anne Lyon Countess Erroll.

On 13 Jun 1633 William Douglas 1st Earl Queensberry 1582-1640 (51) was created 1st Earl Queensberry. Isabel Kerr Countess Queensberry by marriage Countess Queensberry.

On 13 Jun 1636 George Gordon 1st Marquess Huntly 1562-1636 (74) died. His son George Gordon 2nd Marquess Huntly 1592-1649 (44) succeeded 2nd Marquess Huntly, 7th Earl Huntley.

John Evelyn's Diary 1649 June. 13th June 1649. I dined with my worthy friend, Sir John Owen (49), newly freed from sentence of death among the lords that suffered. With him was one Carew, who played incomparably on the Welsh harp; afterward I treated divers ladies of my relations, in Spring Garden.
This night was buried with great pomp, Dorislaus, slain at the Hague, the villain who managed the trial against his sacred Majesty.

John Evelyn's Diary 1650 June. 13th June 1650. I sate to the famous sculptor, Nanteuil, who was afterward made a knight by the French King for his art. He engraved my picture in copper. At a future time he presented me with my own picture, done all with his pen; an extraordinary curiosity.

John Evelyn's Diary 1651 June. 13th June 1651. I went to see the collection of one Monsieur Poignant, which for variety of agates, crystals, onyxes, porcelain, medals, statues, relievos, paintings, taille-douces, and antiquities, might compare with the Italian virtuosos.

Battle of Lowestoft

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 June. 08 Jun 1665. I went again to his Grace, thence to the Council, and moved for another privy seal for £20,000, and that I might have the disposal of the Savoy Hospital for the sick and wounded; all which was granted. Hence to the Royal Society, to refresh among the philosophers.
Came news of his highness's (35) victory, which indeed might have been a complete one, and at once ended the war, had it been pursued, but the cowardice of some, or treachery, or both, frustrated that. We had, however, bonfires, bells, and rejoicing in the city. Next day, the 9th, I had instant orders to repair to the Downs, so as I got to Rochester this evening. Next day I lay at Deal, where I found all in readiness: but, the fleet being hindered by contrary winds, I came away on the 12th, and went to Dover, and returned to Deal; and on the 13th, hearing the fleet was at Solbay, I went homeward, and lay at Chatham, and on the 14th, I got home. On the 15th, came the eldest son of the present Secretary of State to the French King, with much other company, to dine with me. After dinner, I went with him to London, to speak to my Lord General for more guards, and gave his Majesty (35) an account of my journey to the coasts under my inspection. I also waited on his Royal Highness (31), now come triumphant from the fleet, gotten into repair. See the whole history of this conflict in my "History of the Dutch War.".

On 13 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31), Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (45) and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (39) defeated a Dutch Fleet.
Richard Boyle -1665 was killed.
Charles Maccarthy 2nd Earl Clancarty -1665 was killed. His son Callaghan Maccarthy 3rd Earl Clancarty -1676 succeeded 3rd Earl Clancarty (1C 1658).
Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth 1630-1665 (35) was killed by a cannonball aboard the HMS Royal Charles. His father Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (65) succeeded 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Penelope Godolphin Viscountess Fitzhardinge by marriage Viscountess Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Possibly the only occasion when a father has succeeded his son.
Charles Weston 3rd Earl of Portland 1639-1665 (26) was killed by a cannon shot. On 13 Jun 1665 His uncle Thomas Weston 4th Earl of Portland 1609-1688 (55) succeeded 4th Earl of Portland (1C 1633).
Thomas Allin 1st Baronet 1612-1685 (53) was present.
Admiral Jeremy Smith -1675 commanded the HMS Mary.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

On 13 Jun 1668 Frederick William "Great Elector" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg 1620-1688 (48) and Sophia Dorothea Oldenburg 1636-1691 (31) were married.

John Evelyn's Diary 1673 June. 13 Jun 1673. Came to visit us, with other ladies of rank, Mrs. Sedley (15), daughter to Sir Charles (34), who was none of the most virtuous, but a wit.

On 13 Jun 1682 Robert Davers 2nd Baronet Davers 1653-1722 (29) returned and took a seat on the Council at Barbados.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 June. 13 Jun 1683. To our Society, where we received the Count de Zinzendorp, Ambassador from the Duke of Saxony, a fine young man; we showed him divers experiments on the magnet, on which subject the Society were upon.

Seven Bishops Imprisoned

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 June. 13 Jun 1688. I went to the Tower to see the Bishops, visited the Archbishop (71) and the Bishops of Ely (50), St. Asaph (60), and Bath and Wells (50)..

On 13 Jun 1690 Maurice Berkeley 3rd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1628-1690 (61) died. His brother John Berkeley 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge 1650-1712 (40) succeeded 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Barbara Villiers Viscountess Fitzhardinge 1654-1708 (36) by marriage Viscountess Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry.

On 13 Jun 1695 William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (78) was created 1st Baron Howland of Streatham.

John Evelyn's Diary 1703. 13 Jun 1703. Rains have been great and continual, and now, near midsummer, cold and wet.

On 13 Jun 1720 Cecil Mathew Baroness Talbot -1720 died.

On 13 Jun 1723 Richard Newport 2nd Earl Bradford 1644-1723 (78) died at Soho Square, Soho. He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wroxeter. His son Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (40) succeeded 3rd Earl Bradford (1C 1694), 3rd Viscount Newport of Bradford in Shropshire.

On 13 Jun 1739 Arthur Chichester 1st Marquess Donegal 1739-1799 was born to John Chichester 1706-.

On 13 Jun 1751 Francis North 1st Earl Guildford 1704-1790 (47) and Catherine Furnese Countess Guilford, Countess Rockingham -1776 were married. Catherine Furnese Countess Guilford, Countess Rockingham -1776 by marriage Baroness North, Baron Guildford.

On 13 Jun 1753 Bridget Bertie Viscountess Bulkeley 1682-1753 (70) died.

On 13 Jun 1764 John Stewart 7th Earl Galloway 1736-1806 (28) and Anne Dashwood Countess Galloway 1743-1830 (21) were married.

On 13 Jun 1767 Henry Murray 1767-1805 was born to John Murray 3rd Duke Atholl 1729-1774 (38) and Charlotte Murray Duchess Atholl 1731-1805 (35).

On 13 Jun 1770 Lucy Courtenay 1770-1822 was born to William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon 1742-1788 (27) and Frances Clack Countess Devon -1782.

On 13 Jun 1777 Francis Saxe-Coburg-Gotha I Duke Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1750-1806 (26) and Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1757-1831 (20) were married. Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1757-1831 (20) by marriage Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

Around 1787. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1757-1831 (29).

1775. Johann Heinrich Tischbein Painter 1722-1789 (52). Portrait of Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1757-1831 (17) as Artemisia.

On 13 Jun 1786 Philip Sydney Pierrepoint 1786-1864 was born to Charles Pierrepoint 1st Earl Manvers 1737-1816 (48).

On 13 Jun 1793 Henrietta FitzHardinge Berkeley 1793-1819 was born illegitimately to Frederick Augustus Berkeley 5th Earl Berkeley 1745-1810 (48) at Mount Street, Grosvenor Square and Mary Cole. She an illegitimate 3 x Great Granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 13 Jun 1799 George Thomas Keppel 6th Earl Albermarle 1799-1891 was born to William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle 1772-1849 (27) and Elizabeth Southwell Countess Albermarle. He a 3 x Great Grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 13 Jun 1809 Caroline Jane Stuart-Wortley 1809-1876 was born to James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Baron Wharncliffe 1776-1845 (32) and Elizabeth Caroline Mary Creighton Baroness Wharncliffe.

On 13 Jun 1823 James Cecil 1st Marquess Salisbury 1748-1823 (74) died. His son James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury 1791-1868 (32) succeeded 2nd Marquess Salisbury in Wiltshire. Frances Mary Gascoyne Marchioness Salisbury 1806-1839 (17) by marriage Marchioness Salisbury in Wiltshire.

On 13 Jun 1836 Elizabeth Charlotte Louisa Craven Countess Wilton 1836-1919 was born to William Craven 2nd Earl Craven 1809-1866 (26) and Emily Mary Grimston Countess Craven 1816-1901 (20).

On 13 Jun 1868 Henry Arthur Cadogan 1868-1908 was born to George Cadogan 5th Earl Cadogan 1840-1915 (28) and Beatrix Jane Craven Countess Cadogan 1844-1907 (23).

On 13 Jun 1877 Louis Hesse-Darmstadt III Grand Duke 1806-1877 (71) died.

On 13 Jun 1877 Prince Louis Hesse-Darmstadt IV Grand Duke 1837-1892 (39) was appointed IV Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.

On 13 Jun 1928 Charles Robert Wynn-Carington 1st Marquess 1843-1928 (85) died.

On 13 Jun 1928 Charles Robert Carrington 3rd Baron Carrington 1843-1928 (85) died.

On 13 Jun 1933 Grace Adelaide Fane Countess Londesborough 1860-1933 (72) died.

On 13 Jun 1965 Helen Gordon-Lennox Duchess Northumberland 1886-1965 (78) died.

On 13 Jun 2003 Henry Robin Ian Russell 14th Duke Bedford 1940-2003 (63) died. His son Andrew Ian Henry Russell 15th Duke Bedford 1962- succeeded 15th Duke Bedford (6C 1694), 15th Marquess Tavistock.