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On this Day in History ... 18 January

CONTENT

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1549 Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 18 Jan 1234 Philip Capet Count Boulogne 1200-1234 (33) died .

On 18 Jan 1256 Maria Reginar Duchess Bavaria 1226-1256 (30) was beheaded having been accused of adultery by her husband Louis "Strict" Wittelsbach II Duke Upper Bavaria 1229-1294 (26) although there was no proof.

On 18 Jan 1326 Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (79) died . His son Robert Fitzwalter 2nd Baron Fitzwalter 1300-1328 (26) succeeded as 2nd Baron Fitzwalter

On 18 Jan 1355 Piers Mauley 5th Baron Mauley 1300-1355 (55) died at Mulgrave Castle, Whitby, Yorkshire . His son Piers Mauley 6th Baron Mauley 1331-1383 (24) succeeded as 6th Baron Mauley (1C) . Constance Sutton Baroness Haversham 1356-1401 (-1) by marriage Baroness Haversham .

On 18 Jan 1357 Maria Burgundy Queen Consort Castile 1313-1357 (44) died .

On 18 Jan 1367 Peter I King Portugal 1320-1367 (46) died . His son Ferdinand I King Portugal 1345-1383 (21) succeeded as I King Portugal .

On 18 Jan 1425 Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (33) died at Trim Castle, Trim, County Meath. He was buried at Clare Priory, Clare, Suffolk .

On 18 Jan 1460 John Foix Earl Kendal 1410-1485 (50) was released after promising to pay 23,850 écus.

On 18 Jan 1486 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19) was appointed as Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey during the Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth Plantagenet 1516-1558

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Westminster Abbey . He was a Great x 3 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377.

On 18 Jan 1501 Thomas Savage Archbishop York 1449-1507 (52) was appointed as Archbishop York

Bigod's Rebellion

On 18 Jan 1537 Francis Bigod 1507-1537 (29) ... "Though the commons at first had me in suspicion for my learning and conversation with such a lewd one as they judged were enemies both to Christ's Church and the commonwealth, and I was even in danger of my life at Pountefrett , they have now the greatest confidence in me. Now messengers come from Bishopric, Richmondshire, and the West, for me to go forward with the commons, especially to bring John Halom, whom the mayor of Hull has imprisoned, to their great offence. I have sworn to go with the commons having good reason to doubt the Duke of Norfolk is coming rather to bring them to captivity like those of Lincolnshire than to fulfil our petitions. There is no man they trust so much as Constable whom Bygott would gladly join and follow his advice, if he will be true to them." He begs an answer and sends a copy of their oath.

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 18 Jan 1549 agents were sent to interrogate co-conspirators including Elizabeth Tudor 1492-1495 .The regency council was sure of her complicity with Thomas, and sought to bully an easy confession from her.She was interrogated for weeks.

On 18 Jan 1586 Margaret Habsburg-Spain 1522-1586 (63) died .

Around 1562 Antonis Mor 1517-1577 (45) . Portrait of Margaret Habsburg-Spain 1522-1586 (39) .

On 18 Jan 1602 Robert Stewart 1602-1602 was born to James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (35) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (27)

On 18 Jan 1608 Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon 1608-1656 was born to Henry Hastings 5th Earl Huntingdon 1586-1643 (21) and Elizabeth Stanley Countess Huntingdon 1588-1633 (20) .

On 18 Jan 1645 John Maitland 1st Earl Lauderdale -1645 died . His son John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (28) succeeded as 2nd Earl Lauderdale

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (67) . Portrait of Thomas Hales 1695-1762 (-33) and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (45) . Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey .

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (48) .One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (48) .

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (62) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (64) wearing his Garter Robes .

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37) . Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (53) .

Memoirs of Jean Francois Paul de Gondi Cardinal de Retz Book 1 . Before 18 Jan 1649 . To return to the war. A cornet of my regiment being taken prisoner and carried to Saint Germain, the Queen immediately ordered his head to be cut off, but I sent a trumpeter to acquaint the Court that I would make reprisals upon my prisoners, so that my cornet was exchanged and a cartel settled.

Memoirs of Jean Francois Paul de Gondi Cardinal de Retz Book 1 . On the 18th of January, 1649 , I was admitted to a seat and vote in Parliament, and signed an alliance with the chief leaders of the party: M. de Beaufort (33) , de Bouillon, de La Mothe, de Noirmoutier, de Vitri, de Brissac, de Maure, de Matha, de Cugnac, de Barnire, de Sillery, de La Rochefoucault, de Laigues, de Sevigny, de Bethune, de Luynes, de Chaumont, de Saint-Germain, d’Action, and de Fiesque.

On 18 Jan 1650 Robert Ker 1st Earl Roxburghe 1570-1650 (80) died at Floors Castle, Floors, Kelso.

On 18 Jan 1657 Simon Digby 4th Baron Digby 1657-1685 was born to Kildare Digby 2nd Baron Digby 1631-1661 (26) .

On 18 Jan 1676 John Annesley 4th Earl Anglesey 1676-1710 was born to James Annesley 2nd Earl Anglesey 1645-1690 (31) and Elizabeth Manners Countess Anglesey 1654-1700 (22)

On 18 Jan 1679 Christiane Charlotte Oldenburg 1679-1689 was born to Christian V King Denmark and Norway 1646-1699 (32) and Charlotte Amalie Hesse-Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1650-1714 (28)

On 18 Jan 1680 George Carteret 1610-1680 (70) died .

On 18 Jan 1681 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 was buried at Westminster Abbey .

On 18 Jan 1688 Lionel Cranfield Sackville 1st Duke Dorset 1688-1765 was born to Charles Sackville 6th Earl Dorset 1643-1706 (44) and Mary Compton Countess Dorset 1669-1691 (19)

On 18 Jan 1689 Ernest Günther Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1609-1689 (79) died . His son Frederick William Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1668-1714 (20) succeeded as William I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg

On 18 Jan 1691 William Finch 1691-1766 was born to Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham, 7th Earl Winchelsea 1647-1730 (43) and Anne Hatton 2nd Countess Nottingham, 7th Countess Winchelsea -1743 .

Before 18 Jan 1697 Erasmus Philipps 3rd Baronet Philips 1623-1697 (74) and Cecily Finch were married .

Before 18 Jan 1697 Erasmus Philipps 3rd Baronet Philips 1623-1697 (74) and Catherine Darcy Baronetess Philips 1641-1713 (56) were married .

On 18 Jan 1697 Erasmus Philipps 3rd Baronet Philips 1623-1697 (74) died . His son John Philipps 4th Baronet Philips 1666-1737 (31) succeeded as 4th Baronet Philips of Picton Castle .

On 18 Jan 1701 Frederick I King Prussia 1657-1713 (43) was created I King Prussia . Sophia Charlotte Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1668-1705 (32) by marriage Queen Consort Prussia .

On 18 Jan 1718 Elisabeth Nassau-Beverweert Countess Arlington 1633-1718 (84) died .

On 18 Jan 1725 Hugh Cholmondeley 1st Earl Cholmondeley 1662-1725 (63) died . His brother George Cholmondeley 2nd Earl Cholmondeley 1666-1733 (59) succeeded as 2nd Earl Cholmondeley in Cheshire , 2nd Viscount Malpas in Cheshire , 3rd Viscount Cholmondley of Kells in County Meath , 2nd Baron Cholmondeley Nampwich in Cheshire .

On 18 Jan 1726 Frederick Henry Louis Hohenzollern 1726-1802 was born to Frederick William "Solider King" I King Prussia 1688-1740 (37) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1687-1757 (38) . He was a Grandson of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 18 Jan 1734 Edward Bouverie 1734- was born to Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone 1694-1761 (39) and Mary Clarke -1739 .

On 18 Jan 1753 Thomas Lyon 8th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1704-1753 (49) died . His son John Lyon 9th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1737-1776 (15) succeeded as 9th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne .

On 18 Jan 1760 Laurence Shirley 4th Earl Ferrers 1720-1760 (39) shot his old family steward Johnson at Staunton Harold Hall, Staunton Harold, Leicestershire

On 18 Jan 1772 William Maynard 4th Baronet Maynard 1676-1772 (96) died . His son Charles Maynard 2nd Viscount Maynard 1752-1824 (19) succeeded as 5th Baronet Maynard of Walthamstow in Essex .

On 18 Jan 1772 Charlotte Digby 1772-1807 was born to Henry Digby 1st Earl Digby 1731-1793 (40) .

On 18 Jan 1777 Henry Baring 1777-1848 was born to Francis Baring 1st Baronet Baring 1740-1810 (36) and Harriet Herring Baronetess Baring 1750-1804 (27)

On 18 Jan 1803 Francis Grant 1803-1878 was born .

1839 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (35) . Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848 (53) .

1844 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (40) . Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848 (58) .

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41) . Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848 (59) .

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41) . Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848 (59) .

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41) . Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1818-1891 (26) .

1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41) . Portrait of Jane Lawley 1820-1900 (24) .

1863 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (59) . Portrait of Percy Egerton Herbert 1822-1876 (40) .

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (75) . Portrait of Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle-under-Lyne 1814-1889 (64) .

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (75) . Portrait of Lucy Graham Countess Powis 1793-1875 .

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (75) . Portrait of James Bruce 12th Earl Kincardine.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (75) . Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 .

On 18 Jan 1812 William Charles Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 1812-1835 was born to Charles Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 5th Earl Fitzwilliam 1786-1857 (25) and Mary Dundas 1787-1830 (24) .

On 18 Jan 1815 Richard Wingfield 6th Viscount Powerscourt 1815-1844 was born .

On 18 Jan 1817 Jane Austen 1775-1817 (41) died . Memorial in Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire .

On 18 Jan 1817 Jane Austen 1775-1817 (41) died . Memorial in Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire .

On 18 Jan 1817 Jane Austen 1775-1817 (41) died . Memorial in Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire .

Before 18 Jan 1832 George Augustus Frederick Charles Holroyd 2nd Earl Sheffield 1802-1876 (29) and Harriett Lascelles Countess Sheffield 1802-1889 (30) were married . Harriett Lascelles Countess Sheffield 1802-1889 (30) by marriage Countess Sheffield of Dunamore in Meath .

On 18 Jan 1832 Henry Holroyd 3rd Earl Sheffield 1832-1909 was born to George Augustus Frederick Charles Holroyd 2nd Earl Sheffield 1802-1876 (29) and Harriett Lascelles Countess Sheffield 1802-1889 (30) at Marylebone, Westminster

On 18 Jan 1832 Anne North Countess Sheffield 1782-1832 (49) died .

On 18 Jan 1835 Thomas Colyear 4th Earl Portmore 1772-1835 (62) died .

On 18 Jan 1844 Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford 1819-1891 (24) and Elizabeth Sackville-West Duchess Bedford 1818-1897 (25) were married . Elizabeth Sackville-West Duchess Bedford 1818-1897 (25) by marriage Duchess Bedford (6C 1694) .

On 18 Jan 1857 Frederick Fitzgerald 1857-1924 was born to Charles William Fitzgerald Fitzgerald 4th Duke Leinster 1819-1887 (37) and Caroline Leveson-Gower Duchess Leinster 1827-1887 (29) .

On 18 Jan 1858 William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858 (67) died at Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire . He was buried in the Cavendish Plot, St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth, Derbyshire . His first-cousin once-removed William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire 1808-1891 (49) succeeded as 7th Duke Devonshire , 10th Earl Devonshire .

On 18 Jan 1863 Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 21st Baron Clinton 1863-1957 was born to Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 20th Baron Clinton 1834-1904 (28) and Harriet Williamina Hepburn Forbes Baroness Clinton 1835-1869 (28) .

On 18 Jan 1864 Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland 1788-1864 (76) died at St George's Church, Hanover Square, Parish of St George's Church, Mayfair, Westminster . His brother William Vane 3rd Duke Cleveland 1792-1864 (71) succeeded as 3rd Duke Cleveland (2C 1833) , 4th Earl Darlington , 4th Viscount Barnard , 7th Baron Barnard . Grace Caroline Lowther Duchess Cleveland -1883 by marriage Duchess Cleveland (2C 1833) .

On 18 Jan 1871 Francis Lambton 1871-1914 was born to George Frederick D'Arcy Lambton 2nd Earl Durham 1828-1879 (42) and Beatrix Frances Hamilton Countess Durham 1835-1871

On 18 Jan 1871 George Hayter 1792-1871 (78) died .

1819 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (26) . Portrait of Charles Cockerell 1st Baronet 1755-1837 (63) .

1819 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (26) . Portrait of Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool 1770-1828 (48) .

In 1825 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (32) . Portrait of George James Welbore Agar 1st Baron Dover 1797-1833 (27) .

1832 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (39) . Portrait of Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield 1800-1879 (32) with two of her children Thomas George Anson 2nd Earl Lichfield 1825-1892 (6) and Harriet Frances Maria Anson 1827-1898 (4) .

1833 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (40) . Portrait of Henry Cecil Lowther 1790-1867 (42) .

Before 1840 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (47) . Portrait of John Russell 1st Earl Russell 1792-1878 (47) and Henry Vassall-Fox 3rd Baron Holland 1773-1840 (66) .

Around 1844 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (51) . Portrait of Charles Shaw-Lefevre 1st Viscount Eversley 1794-1888 (49) .

Before 1861 . George Hayter 1792-1871 (68) . Portrait of John Campbell 1st Baron Campbell 1779-1861 (81) .

On 18 Jan 1871 William I King Prussia 1797-1888 (73) was created I Emperor aka Kaiser .

On 18 Jan 1897 Leonard Jauncey White-Thompson Bishop Ely 1863-1933 (33) and Margaret Adela Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis -1939 were married .

On 18 Jan 1899 Marie Melita Hohenlohe-Langenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1899-1967 was born to Ernst Hohenlohe-Langenburg II Prince 1863-1950 (35) and Alexandra Windsor Princess 1878-1942 (20) at Langenburg . She was a Great Granddaughter of Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901.

On 18 Jan 1917 Victor Bruce 13th Earl Kincardine, 9th Earl Elgin 1849-1917 (67) died

On 18 Jan 1918 Francis Edmund Cecil Byng 5th Earl Strafford 1835-1918 (83) died . His son Edmund Byng 6th Earl Strafford 1862-1951 (55) succeeded as 6th Earl Strafford (3C 1847) . Mary Elizabeth Colebrooke Countess Strafford 1863-1951 (54) by marriage Countess Strafford (3C 1847) .

On 18 Jan 1919 Henry Arthur Mornington Wellesley 3rd Earl Cowley 1866-1919 was buried at Chippenham, Wiltshire .

On 18 Jan 1923 Henry Berkeley Fitzharding 3rd Viscount Portman 1860-1923 (62) died . His brother Claud Berkeley Fitzharding 4th Viscount Portman 1864-1929 (58) succeeded as 4th Viscount Portman .

On 18 Jan 1928 Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond 1845-1928 (82) died . His son Charles Gordon-Lennox 8th Duke Richmond 1870-1935 (57) succeeded as 8th Duke Richmond (3C 1675) , 8th Earl March (4C 1675) , 8th Baron Settrington .