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On this Day in History ... 20 January

CONTENT

1356 Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland

1382 Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 640 Eorcenberht King Kent -644 succeeded as King Kent . Seaxburh Wuffingas Queen Consort Kent -699 by marriage Queen Consort Kent .

On 20 Jan 640 Eadbald King Kent -640 died . His son Eormenred King Kent -663 succeeded as King Kent . Oslava Unknown Queen Consort Kent by marriage Queen Consort Kent .

On 20 Jan 1191 Theobald "Good" Blois V Count Blois 1130-1191 (61) died . His son Louis Blois I Count Blois 1172-1205 (19) succeeded as I Count Blois .

On 20 Jan 1214 Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex 1191-1216 (23) and Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (41) were married . Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (41) by marriage Countess Essex (2C 1199) , Earl Gloucester (1C 1121) . She was a Great Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135.

Before 20 Jan 1288 Warin Lisle 1263-1296 (25) and Alice Montfort Baroness Fitzwalter were married .

On 20 Jan 1288 Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 was born to Warin Lisle 1263-1296 (25) and Alice Montfort Baroness Fitzwalter at Campton, Bedfordshire .

On 20 Jan 1325 John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325 (38) died . His son Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke 1319-1348 (5) succeeded as 3rd Baron Hastings (1C 1295) , 14th Baron Bergavenny (Feudal Creation) .

After 20 Jan 1325 William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 (21) and Juliane Leybourne Countess Huntingdon were married .

On 20 Jan 1327 Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (23) was appointed as Knight Banneret .

On 20 Jan 1336 John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex 1307-1336 (29) died . His brother Humphrey Bohun 6th Earl Hereford, 5th Earl Essex 1309-1361 (27) succeeded as 6th Earl Hereford (6C 1199) , 5th Earl Essex (3C 1239)

Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland

On 20 Jan 1356 Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (73) surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (43) in the presence of William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (25) . .

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey .Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner. He was a Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377.

On 20 Jan 1433 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (37) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Exeter 1382-1439 (51) were married . Beatrice Aviz Duchess Exeter 1382-1439 (51) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) . He was a Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377.

On 20 Jan 1479 John II King Aragon 1398-1479 (80) died . His son Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (26) succeeded as II King Aragon

On 20 Jan 1526 Isabella Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort Denmark, Queen Consort Norway 1501-1526 (24) died at Ghent .

On 20 Jan 1550 Ferdinand Wittelsbach 1550-1608 was born to Albert V Wittelsbach V Duke Bavaria 1528-1579 (21) and Anna Habsburg-Spain Duchess Bavaria 1528-1590 (21) .

On 20 Jan 1554 Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 was born to John Manuel Aviz Prince Portugal 1537-1554 and Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573 (18) . He was named after Saint Sebastian on whose Feast Day he was born. At birth he was heir apparent to the throne of Portugal since his father had died two weeks before his birth. Soon after his birth his mother Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573 (18) left Portugal to become Regent of Spain for her father serving in the same capacity for her brother after her father's abdication. She never saw him.

Around 1552 Antonis Mor 1517-1577 (35) . Portrait of John Manuel Aviz Prince Portugal 1537-1554 (14) .

Around 1557 Alonso Sánchez Coello 1531-1588 (26) . Portrait of Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573 (21) .

Around 1567 Alonso Sánchez Coello 1531-1588 (36) . Portrait of Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal 1535-1573 (31) .

Before 20 Jan 1558 Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593 was born to Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584 (33) .

Before 20 Jan 1564 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564 died . His will was proved 20 Jan 1564 .

On 20 Jan 1573 Alexander Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1573-1627 was born to John "Younger" Oldenburg 1545-1622 (27) at Sønderborg .

On 20 Jan 1611 George Home 1st Earl Dunbar 1556-1611 (55) died at Whitehall Palace, Westminster . He was buried at Dunbar Church, Dunbar.

On 20 Jan 1612 Rudolf Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1552-1612 (59) died .

Around 1567 Alonso Sánchez Coello 1531-1588 (36) . Portrait of Rudolf Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1552-1612 (14) .

Before 20 Jan 1626 Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (38) and Susan Rowe Countess Warwick 1582-1645 (44) were married . Susan Rowe Countess Warwick 1582-1645 (44) by marriage Countess Warwick (3C 1618) .

On 20 Jan 1628 Henry Cromwell 1628-1674 was born to Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (28) and Elizabeth Bourchier 1598-1665 (30) at Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire

In 1653 . Robert Walker 1599-1658 (54) . Portrait of Elizabeth Bourchier 1598-1665 (55) .

On 20 Jan 1638 William Glynne 1st Baronet Bicester aka Bisseter 1638-1690 was born to John Glynne 1602-1666 (36) and Frances Squib

On 20 Jan 1644 Henry Danvers 1st Earl Danby 1573-1644 (70) died at Earl of Danby's House, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire . After 20 Jan 1644 Henry Danvers 1st Earl Danby 1573-1644 (70) was reburied at St James' the Great Church, Dauntsey, Wiltshire .

On 20 Jan 1647 John Pelham 3rd Baronet Pelham Laughton 1623-1703 (24) and Lucy Sidney Baronetess Pelham Laughton 1627-1685 (20) were married

On 20 Jan 1651 George Wheeler Traveller 1651-1724 was born to Charles Wheeler of Charing .

20 Jan 1654 . John Evelyn's Diary 1654 Jan . Come to see my old acquaintance and the most incomparable player on the Irish harp, Mr. Clark,48 after his travels. He was an excellent musician, a discreet gentleman, born in Devonshire (as I remember). Such music before or since did I never hear, that instrument being neglected for its extraordinary difficulty; but, in my judgment, far superior to the lute itself, or whatever speaks with strings.

Around 20 Jan 1661 William Digby 5th Baron Digby 1661-1752 was born to Kildare Digby 2nd Baron Digby 1631-1661 (30) .

On 20 Jan 1666 Anne Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort France 1601-1666 (64) died .

On 20 Jan 1667 Eleanor Wortley Countess Sussex, Countess Warwick -1667 died

On 20 Jan 1680 Anne Harrison Baronetess Fanshawe 1625-1680 (54) died .

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (67) . Portrait of Anne Harrison Baronetess Fanshawe 1625-1680 (36) . Valence House Museum.

On 20 Jan 1690 Francis Howard 5th Baron Howard 1643-1695 (46) and Susan Felton Baroness Howard were married . Susan Felton Baroness Howard by marriage Baroness Howard of Effingham (1C 1554) .

On 20 Jan 1695 Francis Scott 2nd Duke Buccleuch 1695-1751 was baptised at St Margaret's Church, Westminster

On 20 Jan 1699 Thomas Hervey 1699-1775 was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751 (33) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol 1676-1741 (22) .

On 20 Jan 1716 Charles III King Spain 1716-1788 was born to Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (32) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain 1692-1766 (23) .

1765 . Anton Raphael Mengs 1728-1779 (36) . Portrait of Charles III King Spain 1716-1788 (48) .

1723 . Jean Ranc 1674-1735 (48) . Portrait of Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (39) .

1723 . Jean Ranc 1674-1735 (48) . Portrait of Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (39) .

In 1739 Louis-Michel van Loo 1707-1771 (31) . Portrait of Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain 1692-1766 (46) .

On 20 Jan 1721 Robert Darcy 3rd Earl Holderness 1681-1721 (39) died . His son Robert Darcy 4th Earl Holderness 1718-1778 (2) succeeded as 4th Earl Holderness (3C 1682) , 11th Baron Darcy Knayth , 8th Baron Conyers , 5nd Baron Darcy Meinhill .

On 20 Jan 1722 Charles Cornwallis 4th Baron Cornwallis 1675-1722 (47) died .

On 20 Jan 1724 Elizabeth Leveson-Gower Countess Waldegrave 1724-1784 was born to John Leveson-Gower 1st Earl Gower 1694-1754 (29) and Evelyn Pierrepoint Baroness Gower 1691-1727 (33)

On 20 Jan 1734 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (51) was buried at Westminster Abbey

On 20 Jan 1735 Frederick Louis Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1735-1756 was born to Frederick Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg III Duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1699-1772 (35) and Luise Dorothea Saxe-Meiningen Duchess Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg at Gotha .

On 20 Jan 1741 Philip Parker-A-Morley-Long 3rd Baronet Parker 1682-1741 (59) died

On 20 Jan 1748 Robert Seymour 1748-1831 was born to Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford 1718-1794 (29) and Isabella Fitzroy Countess Hertford 1726-1782 (22) . He was a Great x 2 Grandson of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 20 Jan 1749 Charles Tyrrell 7th Baronet Tyrrell 1708-1749 (41) died .

On 20 Jan 1750 Louise Oldenburg 1750-1831 was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway 1723-1766 (26) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1724-1751 (25) at Christiansborg Castle . She was a Granddaughter of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 20 Jan 1751 John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol 1665-1751 (85) died . His son John Hervey 2nd Baron Hervey 1696-1743 succeeded as 2nd Baron Hervey of Ickworth in Suffolk . Mary Lepell Baroness Hervey 1700-1768 (51) by marriage Baroness Hervey of Ickworth in Suffolk . His grandson George William Hervey 2nd Earl Bristol 1721-1775 (30) succeeded as 2nd Earl Bristol (2C 1714) .

On 20 Jan 1754 Christian August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1696-1754 (57) died . His son Frederick Christian Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1721-1794 (32) succeeded as Christian I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg .

On 20 Jan 1760 Caroline Cavendish Countess Bessborough 1719-1760 (40) died .

On 20 Jan 1768 Walter Wagstaffe Bagot 5th Baronet Bagot 1702-1768 (65) died .

On 20 Jan 1770 Charles Yorke 1722-1770 (47) died

On 20 Jan 1773 Henry Wellesley 1st Baron Cowley 1773-1847 was born to Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington 1735-1781 (37) and Anne Hill Countess Mornington 1742-1831 (30) .

On 20 Jan 1774 Charles George Beauclerk 1774-1846 was born to Topham Beauclerk 1739-1780 (34) and Diana Spencer Viscountess St John, Viscountess Bolingbroke 1734-1808 (39) . He was a Great x 2 Grandson of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 20 Jan 1798 John Baker Holroyd 1st Earl Sheffield 1735-1821 (62) and Anne North Countess Sheffield 1782-1832 (15) were married . Anne North Countess Sheffield 1782-1832 (15) by marriage Countess Sheffield of Dunamore in Meath .

On 20 Jan 1805 Francis Thynne 1805-1821 was born to Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquess Bath 1765-1837 (39) and Isabella Elizabeth Byng Marchioness Bath 1773-1830 (31)

On 20 Jan 1819 Charles IV King Spain 1748-1819 (70) died

1765 . Anton Raphael Mengs 1728-1779 (36) . Portrait of Charles IV King Spain 1748-1819 (16) .

On 20 Jan 1824 James Cornwallis 4th Earl Cornwallis 1743-1824 (80) died . His son James Mann 5th Earl Cornwallis 1778-1852 (45) succeeded as 5th Earl Cornwallis .

On 20 Jan 1831 John Townshend 2nd Viscount Sydney 1764-1831 (66) died .

On 20 Jan 1836 Henrietta Louisa Elizabeth Danneskiold-Samsøe Countess Strafford 1836-1880 was born to Christian Danneskiold-Samsøe and Elizabeth Brudenell 1807-1847 (29) in Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire

On 20 Jan 1837 Arthur Saunders Gore 3rd Earl Arran 1761-1837 (75) died without issue. His nephew Philip Gore 4th Earl Arran 1801-1884 (35) succeeded as 4th Earl Arran (3C 1762) . Elizabeth Marianne Napier 4th Countess Arran by marriage 4th Countess Arran (3C 1762) .

On 20 Jan 1841 Georgiana Lennox Countess Bathurst Sussex 1765-1841 (75) died

On 20 Jan 1844 Edith Georgiana Turnor Countess Cawdor 1844-1926 was born to Christopher Turnor 1809-1886 (34) and Caroline Finch-Hatton 1817-1888 (27)

On 20 Jan 1848 Christian I King Norway, VIII King Denmark 1786-1848 (61) died .

On 20 Jan 1857 John Henry Manners 5th Duke Rutland 1778-1857 (79) died . His son Charles Manners 6th Duke Rutland 1815-1888 (41) succeeded as 6th Duke Rutland , 6th Marquess Grandby , 14th Earl Rutland (3C 1525)

On 20 Jan 1861 Assheton Edward Harbord 1861-1929 was born to Charles Harbord 5th Baron Suffield 1830-1914 (31) and Cecilia Annetta Baring Baroness Suffield at Harleston, Northamptonshire .

On 20 Jan 1865 Frances Vane-Tempest Marchioness Londonderry 1800-1865 (65) died .

On 20 Jan 1872 Margaret Alice "Molly" Bridgeman Duchess Buccleuch, Duchess Queensbury 1872-1954 was born to George Cecil Orlando Bridgeman 4th Earl Bradford 1845-1915 (27) and Ida Frances Annabella Lumley Countess Bradford 1848-1936 (23)

On 20 Jan 1876 Moyra De Vere Beauclerk 1876-1942 was born to William Amelius Aubrey Beauclerk 10th Duke St Albans 1840-1898 (35) and Grace Bernal Duchess St Albans 1848-1926 (28) .

On 20 Jan 1877 Henry Hall Gage 4th Viscount Gage 1791-1877 (85) died .

On 20 Jan 1889 Edward Chichester 4th Marquess County Donegal 1799-1889 (89) died at St Leonards On Sea, East Sussex, Sussex . He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, Kensington . His son George Augustus Hamilton Chichester 5th Marquess County Donegal 1822-1904 (66) succeeded as 5th Marquess County Donegal

On 20 Jan 1896 Mary Irene Curzon 2nd Baroness Ravensdale Kedleston 1896-1966 was born to George Nathaniel Curzon 1st Marquess Curzon Kedleston 1859-1925 (37) and Mary Victoria Leiter Baroness Curzon Kedleston -1906 .

On 20 Jan 1897 Constance Howard 1897- was born to Charles James Stanley Howard 10th Earl Carlisle 1867-1912 (29) and Rhona Ankaret Countess Carlisle

On 20 Jan 1909 Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice 1874-1914 (34) and Violet Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound Baroness Astor 1889-1965 (19) were married

On 20 Jan 1912 Charles James Stanley Howard 10th Earl Carlisle 1867-1912 (44) died . His son George Josslyn L'Estrange Howard 11th Earl Carlisle 1895-1963 (17) succeeded as 11th Earl Carlisle (3C 1661) .

On 20 Jan 1912 Cecilia Howard 1912- was born to George Howard 9th Earl Carlisle 1843-1911 and Rosalind Frances Stanley Countess Carlisle 1845-1921 (66)

On 20 Jan 1922 Elizabeth Diana Montagu-Douglas-Scott Duchess Northumberland 1922-2012 was born to Walter John Montagu-Douglas-Scott 8th Duke Buccleuch, 10th Duke Queensberry 1894-1973 (27) and Vreda Esther Mary Lascelles Duchess Buccleuch, Duchess Queensbury 1900-1993 (21) .

On 20 Jan 1936 George V King United Kingdom 1865-1936 (70) died . His son Edward VIII King United Kingdom 1894-1972 (41) succeeded as VIII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor .

On 20 Jan 1936 Frances Roth Roche Countess Spencer 1936-2004 was born to Maurice Roche 4th Baron Fermoy 1885-1955 (50)

On 20 Jan 1954 James Graham 6th Duke Montrose 1878-1954 (75) died