On this Day in History ... 22 January

CONTENT

871 Battle of Basing

1382 Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

1552 Edward Seymour's Execution

1715 General Election

1901 Death of Queen Victoria

Battle of Basing

On 22 Jan 871 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) was defeated by the Viking army at the Battle of Basing at Old Basing, Hampshire .

On 22 Jan 1188 Ferdinand II King Leon 1137-1188 (51) died . On 22 Jan 1188 His son Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 (16) succeeded as IX King Leon .

On 22 Jan 1260 John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (21) and Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 (17) were married

On 22 Jan 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) travelled at France

22 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313 . Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) . Dover, Kent To the Sheriff of Kent.Order to provide 75 thousands of wood and 200 quarters of charcoal for the expenses of the King's household on his return from parts beyond the sea, so that he have at Dover, Kent against the King's return 25 thousands of wood and 30 quarters of coal, and at Canterbury, Kent 30 thousands of wood and 100 quarters of coal, and at Rochester, Kent (Rofham) 20 thousands of wood and 70 quarters of coal; to be delivered by indenture to John de Sumery, scullion (scutell') of the king's household, or such as supply his place.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) .

22 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313 . Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) . Dover, Kent .Robert Terry, of Whytefield, imprisoned at Northampton for the death of Galianus de Bek, has letters to the Sheriff of Nottingham to bail him until the first assize.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) .

On 22 Jan 1341 Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341 (62) died . His son Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 (30) succeeded as Duke Bourbon .

On 22 Jan 1355 William Dampierre 1355-1418 was born to William "Rich" Dampierre I Marquis Namur 1324-1391 (31) and Jeanne Hainault Marquis Namur . He was a Great x 3 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

On 22 Jan 1382 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) was crowned Queen Consort England .

On 22 Jan 1397 Louis Valois 1397-1415 was born to Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (28) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 (27)

Before 22 Jan 1467 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (42) and Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 (31) were married .

Before 22 Jan 1467 John Norreys 1400-1466 and Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 (31) were married .

On 22 Jan 1519 John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518 died .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

On 22 Jan 1522 Charles Valois-Angoulême 1522-1545 was born to Francis I King France 1494-1547 (27) and Claude Valois-Orleans Queen Consort France 1499-1524 (22) .

On 22 Jan 1525 Elizabeth Grey Viscountess Lisle 1480-1525 (45) died .

On 22 Jan 1533 Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (61) died . His son Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 (28) succeeded as 6th Baron Berkeley (2C 1421) . Mary Hastings Baroness Berkeley 1514-1532 by marriage Baroness Berkeley (2C 1421) .

Edward Seymour's Execution

On 22 Jan 1552 Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (52) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London . King Edward VI (14) noted in his diary ... "the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o'clock in the morning".
On 26 Feb 1552 Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) and Michael Stanhope 1507-1552 (44) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (48) .Both men protested their innocence to the end.
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 22 Jan 1557 Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (68) died at Tantallon Castle . His nephew David Douglas 7th Earl Angus 1515-1558 (42) succeeded as 7th Earl Angus .

On 22 Jan 1561 Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 was born to Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 (50) and Anne Cooke

On 22 Jan 1571 Robert Bruce Cotton 1st Baronet Cotton 1571-1631 was born to Thomas Cotton 1544-1592 (27) and Elizabeth Shirley 1540-1578 (31) in Denton, Huntingdonshire .

In 1629 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (35) . Portrait of Robert Bruce Cotton 1st Baronet Cotton 1571-1631 (57) .

On 22 Jan 1575 James Hamilton 1st Duke Châtellerault 1516-1575 (59) died

On 22 Jan 1575 James Hamilton 3rd Earl Arran 1532-1609 (43) succeeded as 3rd Earl Arran

On 22 Jan 1592 Elisabeth Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort France 1554-1592 (37) died .

In 1571 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (61) . Portrait of Elisabeth Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort France 1554-1592 (16) .

On 22 Jan 1599 Robert Petre 3rd Baron Petre 1599-1638 was born to William Petre 2nd Baron Petre 1575-1637 (23) and Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 (24)

On 22 Jan 1621 John Ramsay 1st Earl Holderness 1580-1626 (41) was created 1st Earl Holderness (1C 1621) by King James I (54) .

Before 22 Jan 1663 Mary Obrien Countess Kildare 1663-1683 was born to Henry Obrien 1642-1678 (21) .

On 22 Jan 1663 Katherine Obrien Countess Clarendon 1663-1706 was born to Henry Obrien 1642-1678 (21) .

On 22 Jan 1669 Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) died at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, City of London . She was buried at The Church of the Virgin Mary, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire .
Monument to Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) and her daughter. A large elaborate memorial in black and white marble erected in 1668. Has two recumbent female figures under a canopy supported on eight Ionic columns and on either side an angel with trumpet holding back curtains.

On 22 Jan 1669 Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) died at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, City of London . She was buried at The Church of the Virgin Mary, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire .
Monument to Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) and her daughter. A large elaborate memorial in black and white marble erected in 1668. Has two recumbent female figures under a canopy supported on eight Ionic columns and on either side an angel with trumpet holding back curtains.

On 22 Jan 1669 Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) died at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, City of London . She was buried at The Church of the Virgin Mary, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire .
Monument to Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) and her daughter. A large elaborate memorial in black and white marble erected in 1668. Has two recumbent female figures under a canopy supported on eight Ionic columns and on either side an angel with trumpet holding back curtains.

On 22 Jan 1669 Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) died at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, City of London . She was buried at The Church of the Virgin Mary, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire .
Monument to Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) and her daughter. A large elaborate memorial in black and white marble erected in 1668. Has two recumbent female figures under a canopy supported on eight Ionic columns and on either side an angel with trumpet holding back curtains.

On 22 Jan 1669 Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) died at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, City of London . She was buried at The Church of the Virgin Mary, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire .
Monument to Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) and her daughter. A large elaborate memorial in black and white marble erected in 1668. Has two recumbent female figures under a canopy supported on eight Ionic columns and on either side an angel with trumpet holding back curtains.

On 22 Jan 1669 Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) died at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, City of London . She was buried at The Church of the Virgin Mary, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire .
Monument to Alice Leigh 1st Duchess Dudley 1578-1669 (91) and her daughter. A large elaborate memorial in black and white marble erected in 1668. Has two recumbent female figures under a canopy supported on eight Ionic columns and on either side an angel with trumpet holding back curtains.

Around 22 Jan 1671 Katherine Packer of Shelingford Baronetess Gell 1624-1671 (46) died .

On 22 Jan 1674 Dorothea Marie Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1674-1713 was born to Frederick Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg I Duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1646-1691 (27) and Magdalena Sibylle Saxe-Weissenfels Duchess Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg at Gotha .

On 22 Jan 1685 William Blackett 1st Baronet Newcastle-upon Tyne1657-1705 (27) and Julia Conyers 1669-1722 (16) were married at St Nicholas' Church, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland .

Around 1715 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (21) (attributed).Portrait of William Blackett 1st Baronet Newcastle-upon Tyne1657-1705 .

Around 1715 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744 (21) . Portrait of Julia Conyers 1669-1722 (46) .

On 22 Jan 1692 James Long 2nd Baronet Long 1617-1692 (75) died . His half third-cousin three-times-removed Robert Long 3rd Baronet Long 1673-1692 (19) succeeded as 3rd Baronet Long of Westminster in London .

After 22 Jan 1692 Robert Long 3rd Baronet Long 1673-1692 (19) died . His brother Giles Long 4th Baronet Long 1675-1698 (17) succeeded as 4th Baronet Long of Westminster in London .

On 22 Jan 1709 Henry Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury 1654-1709 (54) died .

1715 General Election

On 22 Jan 1715 Leonard Smelt 1683-1740 (32) was elected as MP Northallerton during the 1715 General Election

On 22 Jan 1715 Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet Thirkleby 1685-1747 (30) was elected as MP Thirsk during the 1715 General Election

On 22 Jan 1719 Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave 1695-1719 (24) died .

On 22 Jan 1719 Henry Paget 2nd Earl Uxbridge 1719-1769 was born to Thomas Catesby Paget 1689-1742 (30) and Elizabeth Egerton .

On 22 Jan 1719 Mary Thompson Countess Anglesey -1719 died

On 22 Jan 1721 Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 (41) died at Woodford Hall, Woodford, Essex .

On 22 Jan 1730 Robert Douglas 12th Earl Morton 1660-1730 (69) died . His brother George Douglas 13th Earl Morton 1662-1738 (68) succeeded as 13th Earl Morton .

On 22 Jan 1733 Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke, 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (77) died . His son Henry Herbert 6th Earl Montgomery, 9th Earl Pembroke 1693-1749 (39) succeeded as 6th Earl Montgomery , 9th Earl Pembroke (10C 1551) .

On 22 Jan 1733 Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley 1673-1733 (59) died .

On 22 Jan 1736 Mary Kerr Marchioness Douglas 1674-1736 (62) died

On 22 Jan 1752 Robert Smith 1st Baron Carrington 1752-1838 was born to Abel Smith 1717-1768 (34)

On 22 Jan 1761 Edward Wortley-Montagu 1678-1761 (82) died

On 22 Jan 1761 Henry Agar 2nd Viscount Clifden 1761-1836 was born in Gowran Castle, Gowran, County Kilkenny.

On 22 Jan 1788 George "Lord Byron" 6th Baron Byron 1788-1824 was born to John "Mad Jack" Byron 1756-1791 (31) .

On 22 Jan 1795 Isabella Byron Countess Carlisle 1721-1795 (73) died .

On 22 Jan 1816 Richard White 1st Earl Bantry 1767-1851 (48) was created 1st Earl Bantry . Margaret Anne Hare Countess Bantry -1835 by marriage Countess Bantry .

On 22 Jan 1816 Richard Butler 1st Earl Glengall 1775-1819 (40) was created 1st Earl Glengall

On 22 Jan 1823 Constance Henrietta Paget Countess Nottingham 1823-1878 was born to Henry Paget 2nd Marquess Anglesey 1797-1869 (25) and Eleanora Campbell -1828 .

On 22 Jan 1826 Thomas Baring 1st Earl Northbrook 1826-1904 was born to Francis Baring 1st Baron Northbrook 1796-1866 (29) and Jane Grey 1804-1838 (21)

On 22 Jan 1831 Frederick Christian Oldenburg 1831-1917 was born to Christian August Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1798-1869 (32) and Louise Sophie Danneskiold-Samsøe Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg at Augustenborg, Als Island. He was a Great x 3 Grandson of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 22 Jan 1853 Charles Gore Bishop 1853-1932 was born to Charles Alexander Gore 1811-1897 (41) and Augusta Lavinia Priscilla Ponsonby 1814-1904 (38)

On 22 Jan 1858 Walter Fitzgerald 1858-1923 was born to Charles William Fitzgerald Fitzgerald 4th Duke Leinster 1819-1887 (38) and Caroline Leveson-Gower Duchess Leinster 1827-1887 (30) .

On 22 Jan 1872 Nicholas Glücksburg 1872-1938 was born to George I King Greece 1845-1913 (26) and Olga Constantinovna Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov Queen Consort Greece 1851-1926 (20)

On 22 Jan 1899 William Henry Poulett 6th Earl Poulett 1827-1899 (71) died

Death of Queen Victoria

On 22 Jan 1901 Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901 (81) died at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, Hampshire . Her son Edward VII King United Kingdom 1841-1910 (59) succeeded as VII King United Kingdom: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha aka Windsor .

On 22 Jan 1902 Rachel Cavendish 1902-1977 was born to Victor Christian William Cavendish 9th Duke Devonshire 1868-1938 (33) and Evelyn Emily Mary Petty-Fitzmaurice Duchess Devonshire 1870-1960 (31) .