On this Day in History ... 24 January

CONTENT

1121 Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1336 Alfonso IV King Aragon Dies Peter IV King Aragon Succeeds

1445 Battle of Arbroath

1536 Henry VIII Tournament

1683 Frost Fair

1692 Candlemas Massacre aka Raid on York

Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

On 24 Jan 1121, three months after the disaster that was the Sinking of The White Ship in which Henry's only legitimate son was drowned, Henry needed an heir quickly. He (53) and Adeliza of Louvain Queen Consort England (18) were married at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. She (18) by marriage Queen Consort England. Despite fourteen years of marriage they didn't have any children. Following Henry's death she married William Daubigny 1st Earl Lincoln, 1st Earl Arundel 1109-1176 (12) with whom she had seven children.

On 24 Jan 1165 William Ypres 1st Earl Kent 1090-1165 (75) died.

24 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. King Edward II of England (23). Westminster. To John Sampson (61), constable of the king's castle of Scardeburgh. Order to permit Henry Percy (34) and his consort and their household to dwell in the houses within the said castle, provided that the castle be safely guarded.

24 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. King Edward II of England (23). Canterbury, Kent. To the Sheriffs of London. Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster, from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernors to have them before the King (23) or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault (13) were married (he was her second-cousin) at York Minster, York, Yorkshire. She (13) by marriage as Queen Consort England. He a Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Alfonso IV King Aragon Dies Peter IV King Aragon Succeeds

On 24 Jan 1336 Alfonso IV King Aragon 1299-1336 (36) died. His son Peter IV King Aragon 1319-1387 (16) succeeded as IV King Aragon.

On 24 Jan 1360 John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (47) died. He was buried at Colne Priory, Essex. His son Thomas Vere 8th Earl Oxford 1336-1371 (24) succeeded as 8th Earl Oxford (2C 1141).

On 24 Jan 1376 Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (70) died. He was buried at Lewes Priory, Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. His son Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (30) succeeded as 9th Earl Surrey (1C 1088), 11th Earl Arundel (Sussex). Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385 (26) by marriage Countess Arundel (Sussex), Earl Surrey (1C 1088).

On 24 Jan 1391 Joan Valois Duchess Brittany 1391-1433 was born to Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (22) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 (21).

On 24 Jan 1406 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (22) and Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (26) were married at Southwark Cathedral, Southwark, Surrey. Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (26) by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360). He a 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 24 Jan 1425 Catherine Valois-Burgundy Duchess Austria 1378-1425 (46) died.

Battle of Arbroath

On 24 Jan 1445 the Battle of Arbroath was fought between Clan Lindsay and Clans Ogilvy, Gordon, Oliphant, Seton and Forbes. David Lindsay 3rd Earl Crawford 1405-1445 (40) was killed when attempting to prevent the battle by riding between the two armies in an attempt to call a truce.Unfortunately a member of the Clan Ogilvy, thinking the Earl was attacked threw his spear at the Earl, hitting him in the mouth, killing him instantly. Clan Lindsay victorious.

On 24 Jan 1445 Tiger Earl 4th Earl Crawford 1423-1453 (22) succeeded as 4th Earl Crawford. Margaret Dunbar Countess Crawford by marriage Countess Crawford.

On 24 Jan 1449 Henry Bromflete 1st Baron Vesci 1407-1469 (42) was created 1st Baron Vesci (2C 1449). Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (69) by marriage Baroness Vesci (2C 1449).

On 24 Jan 1496 Richard Wingfield 1469-1525 (27) and Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (38) were married.

Henry VIII Tournament

On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII (44) held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon's death. Henry VIII (44) was badly injured causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter.It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic..

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

On 24 Jan 1547 Joanna of Austria Grand Duchess Tuscany 1547-1578 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg-Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1503-1564 (43) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress.

Around 1555 Sofonisba Anguissola 1532-1625 (23). Portrait of Joanna of Austria Grand Duchess Tuscany 1547-1578 (7).

On 24 Jan 1550 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (43) was appointed as Privy Council.

On 24 Jan 1575 Edward Windsor 3rd Baron Windsor 1532-1575 (43) died in Venice. His son Frederick Windsor 4th Baron Windsor 1559-1585 (15) succeeded as 4th Baron Windsor.

On 24 Jan 1580 John Stewart 5th Earl Atholl 1563-1595 (16) and Mary Ruthven Countess Atholl were married. Mary Ruthven Countess Atholl by marriage Countess Atholl (8C 1457).

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Mary Ruthven Countess Atholl.

On 24 Jan 1592 James Harrington 1511-1592 (81) died. He was buried in the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire. Monument to James Harrington 1511-1592 (81) and Lucy Sidney 1520-1591.

On 24 Jan 1599 Conyers Darcy 1st Earl Holderness 1599-1689 was born to Conyers Darcy 7th Baron Darcy Knayth, 1st Baron Darcy Meinhill, 4th Baron Conyers 1570-1653 (28) and Dorothy Belasyse Baroness Darcy Knayth, Baroness Darcy Meinhill, Baroness Conyers 1572-1653 (27). He was baptised at Kirkby Fleetham, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire on the same day.

On 24 Jan 1600 Christopher Preston 4th Viscount Gormaston 1546-1600 (54) died. His son Jenico Preston 5th Viscount Gormanston 1584-1630 (16) succeeded as 5th Viscount Gormanston.

On 24 Jan 1602 Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666 was born to Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (21) and Mary Mildmay Countess Westmoreland 1582-1640 (20).

On 24 Jan 1618 Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham 1564-1618 (53) died.

On 24 Jan 1619 James Dillon 1st Earl Roscommon 1550-1641 (69) was created 1st Baron Dillon.

On 24 Jan 1639 Robert Greville 4th Baron Brooke 1639-1677 was baptised at Warwick, Warwickshire.

On 24 Jan 1643 Charles Sackville 6th Earl Dorset 1643-1706 was born to Richard Sackville 5th Earl Dorset 1622-1677 (20) and Frances Cranfield 5th Countess Dorset 1622-1687 (21).

On 24 Jan 1644 William Savile 3rd Baronet Savile 1612-1644 (32) died.

On 24 Jan 1644 James Hamilton 1st Viscount Clandeboye 1560-1644 (84) died.

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Jan. 24 Jan 1683. Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other stairs too and fro, as in the streets; sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cooks, tipling and other lewd places, so that it seemed to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water..

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 24 Jan 1684. The frost continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still planted with boothes in formal streetes, all sorts of trades and shops furnish'd and full of commodities, even to a printing presse, where the peopje and ladyes tooke a fancy to have their names printed, and the day and yeare set down when printed on the Thames; this humour tooke so universally, that 'twas estimated the printer gain'd £5. a day, for printing a line onely, at sixpence a name, be sides what he got by ballads, &c. Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other staires to and fro, as in the streetes, sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cookes, tlpling, and other lewd places, so that it seem'd to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water, whilst it was a severe judgment on the land, the trees not onely splitting as if lightning-struck, but men and cattle perishing in divers places, and the very seas so lock'd up with ice, that no vessells could stir out or come in. The fowles, fish, and birds, and all our exotiq plants and greenes universally perishing. Many parkes of deer were destroied, and all sorts of fuell so deare that there were greate con tributions to preserve the poore alive. Nor was this severe weather much lesse intense in most parts of Europe, even as far as Spaine and the most Southern tracts. London, by reason of the excessive coldnesse of the aire hindering the ascent of the smoke, was so fill'd with the fuliginous steame of the sea-coale, that hardly could one see crosse the streetes, and this filling the lungs with its grosse particles, exceedingly obstructed the breast, so as one could scarcely breath. Here was no water to be had from the pipes and engines, nor could the brewers and divers other tradesmen worke, and every moment was full of dis astrous accidents. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan. 24 Jan 1685. I din'd at Lord Newport's (64), who has some excellent pictures, especialy that of Sr Tho. Hanmer, by Van Dyke, one of the best he ever painted; another of our English Dobson's painting; but above all, Christ in the Virgin's lap by Poussin, an admirable piece, with some thing of most other famous hands.

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (38). Portrait of Thomas Hanmer 2nd Baronet Hamner 1612-1678 (26).

24 Jan 1686. John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan. Unheard of cruelties to ye persecuted Protestants of France, such as hardly any age has seene the like, even among the Pagans.

On 24 Jan 1689 Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (28) died.

Candlemas Massacre aka Raid on York

On 24 Jan 1692 Shubael Dummer 1636-1692 (56) was killed at York, York County, Maine during the Candlemas Massacre aka Raid on York.

On 24 Jan 1698 Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey 1620-1698 (78) died.

On 24 Jan 1709 George Rooke 1650-1709 (59) died.

Around 1707. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (48). Portrait of George Rooke 1650-1709 (57) (copied from an original).

On 24 Jan 1712 Frederick "The Great" I King Prussia 1712-1786 was born to Frederick William "Solider King" I King Prussia 1688-1740 (23) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1687-1757 (24). He a Grandson of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 24 Jan 1736 Francis North 1st Earl Guilford 1704-1790 (31) and Elizabeth Kaye Baroness North, Baroness Guildford 1707-1745 (29) were married. Elizabeth Kaye Baroness North, Baroness Guildford 1707-1745 (29) by marriage Baroness North, Baron Guildford.

On 24 Jan 1737 William Wake Archbishop Canterbury 1657-1737 (79) died in Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

Before 1737 Thomas Gibson 1680-1751 (56). Portrait of William Wake Archbishop Canterbury 1657-1737 (79).

On 24 Jan 1743 Anne Luttrell Duchess Cumberland and Strathearn 1743-1808 was born to Simon Luttrell 1st Earl Carhampton 1713-1787 (30) and Judith Maria Lawes Countess Carhampton 1720- in in Marylebone, Westminster.

On 24 Jan 1746 Gustav III King Sweden 1746-1792 was born to Adolph Frederick King Sweden 1710-1771 (35).

1771. Alexander Roslin Painter 1718-1793 (52). Portrait of Gustav III King Sweden 1746-1792 and his brothers Charles XIII King Sweden 1748-1818 (22) and Frederick Adolph Duke of Östergötland 1750-1803 (20).

On 24 Jan 1748 Richard Fitzpatrick 1748-1813 was born to John Fitzpatrick 1st Earl Upper Ossory 1719-1758 (29) and Evelyn Leveson-Gower Countess Upper Ossory 1725-1763 (22).

On 24 Jan 1758 Frederick Ponsonby 3rd Earl Bessborough 1758-1844 was born to William Ponsonby 2nd Earl Bessborough 1704-1793 (54) and Caroline Cavendish Countess Bessborough 1719-1760 (38).

On 24 Jan 1770 John Cust 3rd Baronet Cust 1718-1770 (51) died. His son Brownlow Cust 1st Baron Brownlow 1744-1807 (25) succeeded as 4th Baronet Cust of Stamford in Lincolnshire.

On 24 Jan 1773 Robert Grosvenor 6th Baronet Grosvenor 1695-1755 was elected as MP Chester.

On 24 Jan 1777 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 (26) and Anne Duncombe Countess Radnor 1758-1829 (19) were married. Anne Duncombe Countess Radnor 1758-1829 (19) by marriage Countess Radnor (2C 1765).

On 24 Jan 1784 Henry Gough-Calthorpe 1784-1790 was born to Henry Gough-Calthorpe 1st Baron Calthorpe 1749-1798 (35) and Frances Carpenter Baroness Calthorpe 1761-1827 (22).

On 24 Jan 1790 Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua, 5th Duke Berwick 1773-1794 (16) and María Teresa Fernández Silva Duchess Veragua, Duchess Berwick 1772-1818 (17) were married. María Teresa Fernández Silva Duchess Veragua, Duchess Berwick 1772-1818 (17) by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duke of Liria, Duke of Jérica, Duke Berwick. He a 3 x Great Grandson of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

On 24 Jan 1801 Frederick Lennox 1801-1829 was born to Charles Lennox 4th Duke Richmond 1764-1819 (36) and Charlotte Gordon Duchess Richmond 1768-1842 (32). He a 3 x Great Grandson of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 24 Jan 1812 Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley 1750-1812 (61) died. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 24 Jan 1825 Robert Montagu 1825-1902 was born to George Montagu 6th Duke Manchester 1799-1855 (25) and Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester 1798-1848 (26).

On 24 Jan 1831 Agnes Grosvenor 1831-1909 was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster 1795-1869 (35) and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster 1797-1891 (34).

On 24 Jan 1844 Harold Arthur Lee-Dillon 17th Viscount Dillon 1844-1932 was born to Arthur Edmund Denis Dillon 16th Viscount Dillon 1812-1892 (32) at Victoria Square, Westminster.

On 24 Jan 1847 Sewallis Edward Shirley 10th Earl Ferrers 1847-1912 was born to Washington Sewallis Shirley 9th Earl Ferrers 1822-1859 (25) and Annabella Augusta Chichester Countess Ferrers.

On 24 Jan 1875 Charles Henry Wellesley Wilson 2nd Baron Nunburnholme 1875-1924 was born to Charles Henry Wilson 1st Baron Nunburnholme 1833-1907 (41) and Florence Jane Helen Wellesley Baroness Nunburnholme 1853-1932 (22).

On 24 Jan 1909 Thomas Coke 2nd Earl Leicester 1822-1909 (86) died. His son Thomas William Coke 3rd Earl Leicester 1848-1941 (60) succeeded as 3rd Earl Leicester (7C 1837).

On 24 Jan 1924 John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer 1924-1992 was born to Edward John Spencer 7th Earl Spencer 1892-1975 (31) and Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton Countess Spencer 1897-1972 (27).

On 24 Jan 1933 Edwyn Scudamore-Stanhope 10th Earl of Chesterfield 1854-1933 (78) died.

On 24 Jan 1935 Ann Juliet Dorothea Maud Wentworth-Fitzwiliam Marchioness Bristol 1935- was born to William Henry Lawrence Peter Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 8th Earl Fitzwilliam 1910-1948 (24).