On this Day in History ... 24 January
On 24 Jan 1121, three months after the disaster that was the Sinking of The White Ship in which Henry's only legitimate son was drowned, Henry needed an heir quickly. He (53) and Adeliza of Louvain Queen Consort England (18) were married at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. She (18) by marriage Queen Consort England. Despite fourteen years of marriage they didn't have any children. Following Henry's death she married William Daubigny 1st Earl Lincoln, 1st Earl Arundel 1109-1176 (12) with whom she had seven children.
On 24 Jan 1165 William Ypres 1st Earl Kent 1090-1165 (75) died.
24 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. King Edward II of England (23). Westminster. To John Sampson (61), constable of the king's castle of Scardeburgh. Order to permit Henry Percy (34) and his consort and their household to dwell in the houses within the said castle, provided that the castle be safely guarded.
24 Jan 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. King Edward II of England (23). Canterbury, Kent. To the Sheriffs of London. Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster, from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernors to have them before the King (23) or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).
On 24 Jan 1328 King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault (13) were married (he was her second-cousin) at York Minster, York, Yorkshire. She (13) by marriage as Queen Consort England. He a Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.
On 24 Jan 1376 Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (70) died. He was buried at Lewes Priory, Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. His son Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (30) succeeded as 9th Earl Surrey (1C 1088), 11th Earl Arundel (Sussex). Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385 (26) by marriage Countess Arundel (Sussex), Earl Surrey (1C 1088).
On 24 Jan 1391 Joan Valois Duchess Brittany 1391-1433 was born to Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (22) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 (21).
On 24 Jan 1406 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (22) and Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (26) were married at Southwark Cathedral, Southwark, Surrey. Lucia Visconti Countess Kent 1380-1424 (26) by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360). He a 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.
On 24 Jan 1425 Catherine Valois-Burgundy Duchess Austria 1378-1425 (46) died.
On 24 Jan 1445 the Battle of Arbroath was fought between Clan Lindsay and Clans Ogilvy, Gordon, Oliphant, Seton and Forbes. David Lindsay 3rd Earl Crawford 1405-1445 (40) was killed when attempting to prevent the battle by riding between the two armies in an attempt to call a truce.Unfortunately a member of the Clan Ogilvy, thinking the Earl was attacked threw his spear at the Earl, hitting him in the mouth, killing him instantly. Clan Lindsay victorious.
On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII (44) held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon's death. Henry VIII (44) was badly injured causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter.It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic..
On 24 Jan 1547 Joanna of Austria Grand Duchess Tuscany 1547-1578 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg-Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1503-1564 (43) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress.
On 24 Jan 1550 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (43) was appointed as Privy Council.
On 24 Jan 1592 James Harrington 1511-1592 (81) died. He was buried in the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire. Monument to James Harrington 1511-1592 (81) and Lucy Sidney 1520-1591.
On 24 Jan 1599 Conyers Darcy 1st Earl Holderness 1599-1689 was born to Conyers Darcy 7th Baron Darcy Knayth, 1st Baron Darcy Meinhill, 4th Baron Conyers 1570-1653 (28) and Dorothy Belasyse Baroness Darcy Knayth, Baroness Darcy Meinhill, Baroness Conyers 1572-1653 (27). He was baptised at Kirkby Fleetham, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire on the same day.
On 24 Jan 1618 Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham 1564-1618 (53) died.
On 24 Jan 1644 James Hamilton 1st Viscount Clandeboye 1560-1644 (84) died.
John Evelyn's Diary 1683 Jan. 24 Jan 1683. Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other stairs too and fro, as in the streets; sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cooks, tipling and other lewd places, so that it seemed to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water..
John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 24 Jan 1684. The frost continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still planted with boothes in formal streetes, all sorts of trades and shops furnish'd and full of commodities, even to a printing presse, where the peopje and ladyes tooke a fancy to have their names printed, and the day and yeare set down when printed on the Thames; this humour tooke so universally, that 'twas estimated the printer gain'd £5. a day, for printing a line onely, at sixpence a name, be sides what he got by ballads, &c. Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other staires to and fro, as in the streetes, sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cookes, tlpling, and other lewd places, so that it seem'd to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water, whilst it was a severe judgment on the land, the trees not onely splitting as if lightning-struck, but men and cattle perishing in divers places, and the very seas so lock'd up with ice, that no vessells could stir out or come in. The fowles, fish, and birds, and all our exotiq plants and greenes universally perishing. Many parkes of deer were destroied, and all sorts of fuell so deare that there were greate con tributions to preserve the poore alive. Nor was this severe weather much lesse intense in most parts of Europe, even as far as Spaine and the most Southern tracts. London, by reason of the excessive coldnesse of the aire hindering the ascent of the smoke, was so fill'd with the fuliginous steame of the sea-coale, that hardly could one see crosse the streetes, and this filling the lungs with its grosse particles, exceedingly obstructed the breast, so as one could scarcely breath. Here was no water to be had from the pipes and engines, nor could the brewers and divers other tradesmen worke, and every moment was full of dis astrous accidents. .
John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan. 24 Jan 1685. I din'd at Lord Newport's (64), who has some excellent pictures, especialy that of Sr Tho. Hanmer, by Van Dyke, one of the best he ever painted; another of our English Dobson's painting; but above all, Christ in the Virgin's lap by Poussin, an admirable piece, with some thing of most other famous hands.
On 24 Jan 1689 Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (28) died.
On 24 Jan 1698 Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey 1620-1698 (78) died.
On 24 Jan 1709 George Rooke 1650-1709 (59) died.
On 24 Jan 1712 Frederick "The Great" I King Prussia 1712-1786 was born to Frederick William "Solider King" I King Prussia 1688-1740 (23) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1687-1757 (24). He a Grandson of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.
On 24 Jan 1736 Francis North 1st Earl Guilford 1704-1790 (31) and Elizabeth Kaye Baroness North, Baroness Guildford 1707-1745 (29) were married. Elizabeth Kaye Baroness North, Baroness Guildford 1707-1745 (29) by marriage Baroness North, Baron Guildford.
On 24 Jan 1743 Anne Luttrell Duchess Cumberland and Strathearn 1743-1808 was born to Simon Luttrell 1st Earl Carhampton 1713-1787 (30) and Judith Maria Lawes Countess Carhampton 1720- in in Marylebone, Westminster.
On 24 Jan 1746 Gustav III King Sweden 1746-1792 was born to Adolph Frederick King Sweden 1710-1771 (35).
On 24 Jan 1748 Richard Fitzpatrick 1748-1813 was born to John Fitzpatrick 1st Earl Upper Ossory 1719-1758 (29) and Evelyn Leveson-Gower Countess Upper Ossory 1725-1763 (22).
On 24 Jan 1777 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 (26) and Anne Duncombe Countess Radnor 1758-1829 (19) were married. Anne Duncombe Countess Radnor 1758-1829 (19) by marriage Countess Radnor (2C 1765).
On 24 Jan 1784 Henry Gough-Calthorpe 1784-1790 was born to Henry Gough-Calthorpe 1st Baron Calthorpe 1749-1798 (35) and Frances Carpenter Baroness Calthorpe 1761-1827 (22).
On 24 Jan 1790 Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua, 5th Duke Berwick 1773-1794 (16) and María Teresa Fernández Silva Duchess Veragua, Duchess Berwick 1772-1818 (17) were married. María Teresa Fernández Silva Duchess Veragua, Duchess Berwick 1772-1818 (17) by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duke of Liria, Duke of Jérica, Duke Berwick. He a 3 x Great Grandson of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.
On 24 Jan 1801 Frederick Lennox 1801-1829 was born to Charles Lennox 4th Duke Richmond 1764-1819 (36) and Charlotte Gordon Duchess Richmond 1768-1842 (32). He a 3 x Great Grandson of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.
On 24 Jan 1812 Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley 1750-1812 (61) died. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.
On 24 Jan 1875 Charles Henry Wellesley Wilson 2nd Baron Nunburnholme 1875-1924 was born to Charles Henry Wilson 1st Baron Nunburnholme 1833-1907 (41) and Florence Jane Helen Wellesley Baroness Nunburnholme 1853-1932 (22).
On 24 Jan 1909 Thomas Coke 2nd Earl Leicester 1822-1909 (86) died. His son Thomas William Coke 3rd Earl Leicester 1848-1941 (60) succeeded as 3rd Earl Leicester (7C 1837).
On 24 Jan 1924 John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer 1924-1992 was born to Edward John Spencer 7th Earl Spencer 1892-1975 (31) and Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton Countess Spencer 1897-1972 (27).