On this Day in History ... 25 January

CONTENT

1164 Constitutions of Clarendon

1308 Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1494 Ferdinand I King Naples Dies Alfonso II King Naples Succeeds

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1559 Death of King Christian II of Denmark

1858 Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

On 25 Jan 1139 Godfrey Reginar I Count Louvain 1060-1139 (79) died. His son Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine 1107-1142 (32) succeeded as II Count Louvain.

Constitutions of Clarendon

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) rejected the articles.

On 25 Jan 1279 Robert Peckham Archbishop Canterbury 1230-1292 (49) was appointed Archbishop Canterbury.

Around 25 Jan 1305 John Strange 3rd Baron Strange Knockin 1305-1349 was born to John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Knockin 1282-1312 (22) and Isolde Chaworth Baroness Strange Knockin at Knockyn, Shropshire.

On 25 Jan 1306 John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere 1306-1349 was born to Fulk Strange 1st Baron Strange Blackmere 1267-1324 (39) and Eleanor Giffard Baroness Strange Blackmere at Longnor, Shropshire. He a 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216.

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

On 25 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at Boulogne-sur-Mer.

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. His son King Edward III England (14) succeeded as III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

On 25 Jan 1330 Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355 (43) was created 1st Baron Burghesh (2C 1330). Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1306-1360 (24) by marriage Baroness Burghesh (2C 1330).

On 25 Jan 1356 Maurice Fitzgerald 1st Earl Desmond -1356 died at Dublin Castle, Dublin, County Dublin. His son Maurice Fitzgerald 2nd Earl Desmond -1358 succeeded as 2nd Earl Desmond (1C 1329).

On 25 Jan 1406 Stephen Scrope 2nd Baron Scrope Masham 1345-1406 (61) died. His son Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (33) succeeded as 3rd Baron Scrope Masham.

On 25 Jan 1412 Ernest "The Iron" Habsburg I Duke Austria 1377-1424 (35) and Cymburgis Masovia Duchess Austria were married. Cymburgis Masovia Duchess Austria by marriage Duchess Austria.

On 25 Jan 1431 Charles Metz II Duke Lorraine 1364-1431 (66) died at Nancy. His daughter Isabella Metz Duchess Anjou, I Duchess Lorraine 1400-1453 (31) succeeded as I Duke Lorraine.

On 25 Jan 1477 (possibly 26th) Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France 1477-1514 was born to Francis Montfort II Duke Brittany 1433-1488 (43) and Marguerite Grailly Duchess Brittany 1449-1486 (28).

On 25 Jan 1480 Joan Lorraine Duchess Anjou 1458-1480 (22) died.

Ferdinand I King Naples Dies Alfonso II King Naples Succeeds

On 25 Jan 1494 Ferdinand I King Naples 1423-1494 (70) died. His son Alfonso II King Naples 1448-1495 (45) succeeded as II King Naples. Ippolita Maria Sforza Queen Consort Naples 1446-1484 by marriage Queen Consort Naples.

On 25 Jan 1502 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell 1452-1508 (50) stood proxy for James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (28) at the betrothal with Margaret Tudor.

On 25 Jan 1526 Adolph Oldenburg 1526-1586 was born to Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533 (54).

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (46) at Whitehall Palace. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1496-1546 (37), Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (51) witnessed.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Death of King Christian II of Denmark

On 25 Jan 1559 Christian II King Denmark, II King Norway 1481-1559 (77) died. Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533 succeeded as I King Denmark.

On 25 Jan 1567 Margaret Habsburg-Spain 1567-1633 was born to Maximilian Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (39) and Maria Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (38).

Around 1544. William Scrots 1517-1553 (27). Portrait of Maximilian Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (16).

Around 1566. Nicolas Neufchâtel 1527-1590 (39). Portrait of Maximilian Habsburg-Spain II Holy Roman Emperor 1527-1576 (38).

On 25 Jan 1597 Johann Philipp Wettin Duke Saxe-Altenburg 1597-1639 was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin I Duke Saxe-Weimar 1562-1602 (34).

On 25 Jan 1628 Robert Pierrepoint 1st Earl Kingston 1584-1643 (43) was created 1st Earl Kingston upon Hull, 1st Viscount Newark (1C 1627). Gertrude Talbot Baroness Pierrepoint Holme Pierrepoint by marriage Powys Wenwynwyn.

On 25 Jan 1640 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 was born to William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (22) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire -1689.

25 Jan 1654. John Evelyn's Diary 1654 Jan. Died my son, J. Stansfield, of convulsion fits; buried at Deptford on the east corner of the church, near his mother's great-grandfather, and other relatives.

On 25 Jan 1664 Thomas Wenman 2nd Viscount Wenman 1596-1664 (68) died.

On 25 Jan 1664 Penelope Wenman 1596-1664 (68) died.

Before 1710 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710 (attributed). Portrait of Penelope Wenman 1596-1664.

On 25 Jan 1666 Arthur Ingram 3rd Viscount Irvine 1666-1702 was born to Henry Ingram 1st Viscount Irvine 1640-1666 and Essex Montagu Viscountess Irvine -1677.

On 25 Jan 1670 John Cecil 4th Earl Exeter 1628-1678 (42) and Mary Fane Countess Exeter 1639-1681 (31) were married. Mary Fane Countess Exeter 1639-1681 (31) by marriage Countess Exeter.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan. 25 Jan 1685. Dr. Dove preach'd before ye King (54). I saw this evening such a scene of profuse gaming, and the King (54) in the midst of his three concubines, as I had never before seen. Luxurious dallying and prophanenesse.

On 25 Jan 1685 Richard Butler 1st Earl Arran 1639-1685 (45) died.

On 25 Jan 1708 Jane Leigh Viscountess Tracy 1665-1708 (43) died. She was buried at Toddington, Gloucestershire.

On 25 Jan 1719 Sophia Dorothea Hohenzollern 1719-1765 was born to Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia 1688-1740 (30) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia 1687-1757 (31). She a Granddaughter of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 25 Jan 1726 Francis Willoughby 3rd Baron Middleton 1726-1774 was born to Francis Willoughby 2nd Baron Middleton 1692-1758 (33) and Mary Edwards Baroness Middleton -1782.

On 25 Jan 1730 Christian Franz Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1730-1797 was born to Francis Josias Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Duke Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1697-1754 (32) and Anna Sophie Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Duchess Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld at Coburg.

On 25 Jan 1733 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet Heathcote 1652-1733 (81) died. His son John Heathcote 2nd Baronet Heathcote 1689-1759 (44) succeeded as 2nd Baronet Heathcote.

On 25 Jan 1758 Herbert Windsor 2nd Viscount Windsor -1758 died.

On 25 Jan 1771 Henry Vane-Tempest 2nd Baronet 1771-1813 was born to Henry Vane 1st Baronet 1728-1794 and Frances Tempest.

On 25 Jan 1779 Anne Margaret Coke Viscountess Anson 1779-1843 was born to Thomas Coke 1st Earl Leicester 1754-1842 (24) and Jane Dutton 1753-1800 (25) at Holkham Hall, Holkham, Norfolk.

On 25 Jan 1780 Sophia Courtenay 1780- was born to William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon 1742-1788 (37) and Frances Clack Countess Devon -1782.

On 25 Jan 1783 John Evans 6th Baron Carbery 1765-1845 (17) and Charlotte Gore Baroness Carbery 1766-1852 (16) were married (he was her half first-cousin).

On 25 Jan 1795 Edwin Lascelles 1st Baron Harewood 1713-1795 (82) died.

On 25 Jan 1797 John Stuart 12th Earl Moray 1797-1867 was born to Francis Stuart 10th Earl Moray 1771-1848 (25) and Lucy Scott 1775-.

On 25 Jan 1798 Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester 1798-1848 was born to Robert Bernard Sparrow -1805 and Olivia Acheson 1778-1863 (20).

On 25 Jan 1803 George Hervey 1803-1838 was born to Frederick William Hervey 1st Marquess Bristol 1769-1859 (33).

On 25 Jan 1807 Arthur Lascelles 1807-1880 was born to Henry Lascelles 2nd Earl Harewood 1767-1841 (39).

On 25 Jan 1807 William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl Enniskillen 1807-1886 was born to John Cole 2nd Earl Enniskillen 1768-1840 (38) and Charlotte Paget Countess Enniskillen 1781-1817 (25).

Around 1830. Charles Turner 1774-1857 (55). Portrait of William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl Enniskillen 1807-1886 (22).

Before 1839. Charles Turner 1774-1857 (64). Portrait of John Cole 2nd Earl Enniskillen 1768-1840 (70).

On 25 Jan 1807 Mary Meredith Countess Ferrers -1807 burned to death at Coombe Bank, Sunridge, Sevenoaks, Kent.

On 25 Jan 1808 George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke, 8th Earl Montgomery 1759-1827 (48) and Yekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsova Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery 1784-1856 (23) were married. Yekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsova Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery 1784-1856 (23) by marriage Countess Pembroke (10C 1551), Earl Montgomery.

On 25 Jan 1809 Arabella Georgina Howard Baroness Northbrook 1809-1884 was born to Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (41) and Charlotte Primrose Countess Effingham 1776-1864 (33).

On 25 Jan 1828 Caroline Ponsonby Viscountess Melbourne 1785-1828 (42) died.

On 25 Jan 1834 Robert Grosvenor 2nd Baron Ebury 1834-1918 was born to Robert Grosvenor 1st Baron Ebury 1801-1893 (32) and Charlotte Arbuthnot Wellesley Baroness Ebury 1808-1891 (26).

On 25 Jan 1834 Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton 6th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyne 1834-1879 was born to Henry Pelham-Clinton 5th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyne 1811-1864 (22) and Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle-under-Lyne 1814-1889 (19).

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (75). Portrait of Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle-under-Lyne 1814-1889 (64).

On 25 Jan 1857 Hugh Cecil Lowther 5th Earl Lonsdale 1857-1944 was born to Henry Lowther 3rd Earl Lonsdale 1818-1876 (38).

Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

On 25 Jan 1858 Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (26) and Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1840-1901 (17) were married in the Chapel Royal, St James' Palace, St James', Westminster.

On 25 Jan 1860 Victoria Friederike Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1860-1932 was born to Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1829-1880 (30) and Adelheid Hohenlohe-Langenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg at Augustenborg.

25 Jan 1865. Times Newspaper Marriages. MARRIAGE IN HIGH LIFE. The marriage of the Earl of Coventry (26) and Lady Blanche Craven (22), third daughter of Earl Craven (55), was solemnized yesterday morning at St. George's Church, Hanover-square. The bridegroom and the frieNds of both families assembled at the church at 11 o'clock, and shortly afterwards were joined by the bride (22), accompanied by her mother, the Countess Craven (48). The bride (22) was received by her father (26) at the church door, and, attended by eight bridesmaids, proceeded at once to the communion table, in front ot which a numerous company had assembled, including the Earl (65) and Countess of Clarendon (54) and Lady Emily Villiers (22), the Countess of Verulam (40) and Lady Harriet Grimston (20), Viscount and Viscountees Folkestone (43) and Hon. Miss Bouverie, the Countess of Sefton (27) and Lady Cecilia Molyneux, Viscount Chelsea (24), and Lady Caroline Townley (27) and Miss Townley, Viscount Uffington (23), Sir Henry and Latly Sophia Des Voeux, Hon. Mr. and Mrs Coventry, Hon. Gerald and Ladv Maria Ponsonby, Mr. Oswald andl Miss Oswald, Dr. Quin, Mr. Cecil Boothby, Mr. James Oswald, Miss Talbot, Viscount (32) and Viscountess Grey de Wilton (28), Lady Evelyn Bruce, Hon. Mrs. Grimston and Miss Griniston, &c.
The Hon. and Rev. Edward Grimston (52), uncle of the bride, performed the religious rite. After the registration of the marriage the wedding party left the church, and procceded to the Earl (55) and Countess Craven's (48) mansion in Charles-street, Berkeley Square. At 2 o'clock the newly-wedded couple took their departure for Croome Court, tbe Earl of Coventry's (26) seat, near Upton, Worcestershire, there to pass the honeymoon. At Croome Pirton and Severn Stoke, Worcestershire, the marriage was celebrated yesterday by the tenantry and neighbours of the Earl of Coventry (26). The tenantry of the Croome Pirton and Severn Stoke estates, to ths number of about 100, dined together in two parties yesterday at Severn Stoke and High-green. At Pirton and Severn Stoke garlands of evergreens and flags wvere hung out over the roads, and at night a bonfire was lighted at High-green. The rejoicings have extended over all his Lordship's (26) large estates in the southern portion of Worcestershire. The inhabitants of Worcester celebrated the marriage by hoisting flags frem tile windows and streamers across the streets. The bells from the various churches rang merry peals all day.
George Coventry 9th Earl Coventry (26) and Blanche Craven Countess Coventry 1842-1930 (22) were married. Blanche Craven Countess Coventry 1842-1930 (22) by marriage Countess Coventry.

On 25 Jan 1879 Henry Paul Lindley Wood 1879-1886 was born to Charles Lindley Wood 2nd Viscount Halifax 1839-1934 (40) and Agnes Elizabeth Courtenay Viscountess Halifax 1838-1919 (40).

On 25 Jan 1884 Francis George Hugh Seymour-Conway 5th Marquess Hertford 1812-1884 (71) died. His son Hugh de Grey Seymour-Conway 6th Marquess Hertford 1843-1912 (40) succeeded as 6th Marquess Hertford. Mary Hood Marchioness Hertford 1846-1909 (37) by marriage Marchioness Hertford.

On 25 Jan 1893 Frederick Charles I King Finland 1868-1940 (24) and Margaret Hohenzollern 1872-1954 (20) were married. He a 3 x Great Grandson of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. She a Granddaughter of Victoria Hanover Queen United Kingdom 1819-1901.