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On this Day in History ... 26 February

1266 Battle of Benevento

1462 Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

1552 Edward Seymour's Execution

Battle of Benevento

On 26 Feb 1266 the Battle of Benevento was fought between Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 (38) and Manfred King Sicily 1232-1266 (34). Manfred King Sicily 1232-1266 (34) was killed resulting in Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 (38) becoming King of Sicily.

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (67) for being King Edward II of England (22) 's favourite.

On 26 Feb 1324 William Jülich V Duke Jülich 1299-1361 (25) and Joanna Hainault Duchess Guelders 1315-1374 (9) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin). Joanna Hainault Duchess Guelders 1315-1374 (9) by marriage Duchess Guelders. He a 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She a Great Granddaughter of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285.

On 26 Feb 1360 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 (31) died. His Son Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (8) succeeded 3rd Earl March (1C 1328), 5th Baron Mortimer Wigmore.

On 26 Feb 1361 Wenceslaus IV of Behemia King Romans 1361-1419 was born to Charles IV King Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperor Luxembourg 1316-1378 (44) and Anna Bavaria Holy Roman Empress Luxembourg.

On 26 Feb 1432 Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (31) died. St Chad's Church, Longford. Monument to Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (31). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt.

On 26 Feb 1447 Jean Louis Savoy 1447-1482 was born to Louis Savoy I Count Savoy 1413-1465 (34) and Anne Cyprus Count Savoy at Geneva. He a 2 x Great Grandson of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 (53) was hanged at Tower Hill. His Son John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (19) succeeded 13th Earl Oxford (2C 1141).

On 26 Feb 1474 Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (24) was appointed 209th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

Edward Seymour's Execution

On 22 Jan 1552 Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (52) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London. King Edward VI (14) noted in his diary ... "the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o'clock in the morning".
On 26 Feb 1552 Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) and Michael Stanhope 1507-1552 (44) were beheaded at Tower Hill for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (48). Both men protested their innocence to the end.
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 (50) was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London.

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (2)

Around 1546 Unknown Artist. After William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (8).

Around 1547 Master John PainterWorkshop. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

On 26 Feb 1603 Maria Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (74) died at Madrid.

1557. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Maria Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1528-1603 (28).

On 26 Feb 1628 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (45) was created 1st Baron Brudenell of Stonton in Leicestershire. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan -1664 by marriage Baroness Brudenell of Stonton in Leicestershire.

On 26 Feb 1629 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 was born to Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess Argyll 1607-1661 (21) and Margaret Douglas Marchioness Argyll 1610-1678 (19) at Dalkeith.

On 26 Feb 1658 Diana Cecil Countess Oxford, Countess Elgin -1658 died.

Around 1615 William Larkin 1582-1619 (33). Portrait of Diana Cecil Countess Oxford, Countess Elgin -1658.

On 26 Feb 1671 Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl Shaftesbury 1671-1713 was born to Anthony Ashley-Cooper 2nd Earl Shaftesbury 1652-1699 (19) and Dorothy Manners Countess Shaftesbury 1656-1698 (15) at Exeter House, Strand.

In 1703 John Closterman 1660-1711 (43). Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl Shaftesbury 1671-1713 (31) and Maurice Ashley-Cooper 1675-1726 (27).

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 26 Feb 1684. Came to visite me Dr. Turner (46), our new Bishop Rochester.

On 26 Feb 1706 Grace Lockhart Countess Aboyne 1706-1738 was born to George Lockhart 1673-1731 (33) and Euphemia Montgomerie.

On 26 Feb 1706 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (21) and Rachel Noel 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1687-1709 (19) were married. Rachel Noel 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1687-1709 (19) by marriage 2nd Duchess Beaufort (1C 1682).

Around 1707. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (48). Portrait of Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (22). Powis Castle.

On 26 Feb 1718 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (21) was elected MP Bodmin.

On 26 Feb 1725 William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor 1725-1776 was born to Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone 1694-1761 (30) and Mary Clarke -1739.

On 26 Feb 1726 Maximilian Wittelsbach II Elector Bavaria 1662-1726 (63) died.

On 26 Feb 1742 Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun 1681-1742 (61) died. His Son John Hope 2nd Earl Hopetoun 1704-1781 (37) succeeded 2nd Earl Hopetoun.

On 26 Feb 1745 Henry Somerset 3rd Duke Beaufort 1707-1745 (37) died. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church, Badminton. His Brother Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort 1709-1756 (35) succeeded 4th Duke Beaufort (1C 1682).

On 26 Feb 1748 John Egerton 2nd Duke Bridgewater 1727-1748 (20) died unmarried. His Brother Francis Egerton 3rd Duke Bridgewater 1736-1803 (11) succeeded 3rd Duke Bridgewater, 6th Earl Bridgewater (2C 1617).

On 26 Feb 1760 Henry Allington Finch 1760-1780 was born to Heneage Finch 3rd Earl Aylesford 1715-1777 (44) and Charlotte Seymour Countess Aylesford 1728-1761 (29).

On 26 Feb 1780 Henry Cadogan 1780-1813 was born to Charles Sloane Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan 1728-1807 (51) and Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan.

On 26 Feb 1795 Francis Stuart 10th Earl Moray 1771-1848 (24) and Lucy Scott 1775- were married.

On 26 Feb 1812 Harry Grey 8th Earl Stamford, 4th Earl Warrington 1812-1890 was born to Harry Grey 1783-1860 (29) and Frances Elizabeth Ellis 1793-1846 (19).

On 26 Feb 1841 Evelyn Baring 1st Earl Cromer Norfolk 1841-1917 was born to Henry Baring 1777-1848 (64) and Cecilia Anne Windham -1874.

On 26 Feb 1854 Elizabeth Joanna Burgh Countess Harewood 1826-1854 (28) died.

On 26 Feb 1869 Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham Duchess Abercorn 1869-1958 was born to Charles George Bingham 4th Earl Lucan 1830-1914 (38) and Cecilia Catherine Gordon-Lennox Countess Lucan 1838-1910 (30).

On 26 Feb 1919 Rosemary Alexandra Eliot 1919-1963 was born to John Granville Cornwallis Eliot 6th Earl St Germans 1890- and Blanche Linnie Fitzroy Countess St Germans 1897-1968 (21).

On 26 Feb 1933 Thyra Glücksburg Duchess Cumberland and Teviotdale 1853-1933 (79) died.

On 26 Feb 1942 William Palmer 2nd Earl Selborne 1859-1942 (82) died.

On 26 Feb 1962 Allan Gairdner Wyon Sculptor 1882–1962 (80) died.