On this Day in History ... 27 January

CONTENT

1606 Gunpowder Plot

1659 Third Protectorate Parliament

On 27 Jan 992 Mathilde Carolingian Queen Consort Burgundy 943-992 (49) died.

On 27 Jan 1322 William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (21) was created 1st Baron Deincourt (2C 1322).

On 27 Jan 1364 Edward Plantagenet 1364-1370 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (33) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (35) at Château d'Angoulême, Angoulême. He a Grandson of King Edward III England.

On 27 Jan 1393 Philip Artois Count Eu 1357-1397 (36) and Marie Valois Count Eu were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed). Marie Valois Count Eu by marriage Count Eu. He a 3 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

On 27 Jan 1443 John Tiptoft 1st Baron Tiptoft -1443 died. He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Enfield, Middlesex. His son John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (15) succeeded as 2nd Baron Tiptoft.

On 27 Jan 1447 Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (12) and Elizabeth Stafford Baroness Beauchamp Powick 1435-1466 (12) were married at Beauchamp's Court, Alcester, Warwickshire.

On 27 Jan 1466 Elizabeth Stafford Baroness Beauchamp Powick 1435-1466 (31) died at Worcester, Worcestershire.

On 27 Jan 1510 Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (31) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire (5C 1510).

On 27 Jan 1533 George Brooke 1533-1570 was born to George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (36) and Anne Braye Baroness Cobham 1501-.

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (41).

On 27 Jan 1561 Thomas Young Archbishop York 1507-1568 (54) was elected Archbishop York.

On 27 Jan 1603 Harbottle Grimston 2nd Baronet of Bradfield 1603-1685 was born to Harbottle Grimston 1st Baronet of Bradfield 1569-1648 (34).

Before 1685. John Riley 1646-1691 (38). Portrait of Harbottle Grimston 2nd Baronet of Bradfield 1603-1685 (81).

Gunpowder Plot

On 27 Jan 1606 the trial of the conspirators took place at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster..
The Commissioners were:
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (70)
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (44)
Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (56)
Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (43)
Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (65)
Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (42)
John Popham Lord Chief Justice 1531-1607 (75)
Thomas Fleming Judge 1544-1613 (61)
Peter Warburton Judge 1540-1621 (66)

The Effect of the Indictment
Note. We have broken this very lengthy paragraph up into more manageable chunks.
THAT whereas our Sovereign Lord the King (39) had, by the Advice and Assent of his Council, for divers weighty and urgent Occasions concerning, his Majesty, the State, and Defence of the Church and Kingdom of England, appointed a Parliament to be holden at his City of Westminster; That Henry Garnet (50), Superior of the Jesuits within the Realm of England, (called also by the several names of Wally, Darcy, Roberts, Farmer, and Henry Philips), Oswald Tesmond Jesuit (43), otherwise called Oswald Greenwell, John Gerrard Jesuit (41), (called also by the several names of Lee and Brooke), Robert Winter (38), Thomas Winter (35), Gentlemen, Guy Fawkes (35) Gent. otherwise called Guy Johnson, Robert Keyes Gent. and Thomas Bates Yeoman, late Servant to Robert Catesby Esquire; together with the said Robert Catesby and Thomas Percy Esquires, John Wright and Christopher Wright Gentlemen, in open Rebellion and Insurrection against his Majesty, lately slain, and Francis Tresham Esq; lately dead; as false Traitors against our said Sovereign Lord the King, did traitorously meet and assemble themselves together; and being so met, the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, did maliciously, falsly, and traitorously move and persuade as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, That our said Sovereign Lord the King, the Nobility, Clergy, and whole Commonalty of the Realm of England, (Papists excepted) were Hereticks; and that all Hereticks were accursed and excommunicate; and that none Heretick could be a King; but that it was lawful and meritorious to kill our said Sovereign Lord the King, and all other Hereticks within this Realm of England, for the Advancing and Enlargement of the pretended and usurped Authority and Jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, and for the restoring of the superstitious Romish Religion within this Realm of England.

To which traitorous Persuasions, the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously did yield their Assents: And that thereupon the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and divers other Jesuits; Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as also the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright and Francis Tresham, traitorously amongst themselves did conclude and agree, with Gunpowder, as it were with one Blast, suddenly, traitorously and barbarously to blow up and tear in pieces our said Sovereign Lord the King, the excellent, virtuous and gracious Queen Anne, his dearest Wife, the most noble Prince Henry, their eldest Son, and future Hope and Joy of England; and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the Reverend Judges of the Realm, the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of Parliament, and divers other faithful Subjects and Servants of the King in the said Parliament, for the Causes aforesaid, to be assembled in the House of Parliament; and all them, without any respect of Majesty, Dignity, Degree, Sex, Age or Place, most barbarously, and more than beastly, traitorously and suddenly to destroy and swallow up.

And further did most traitorously conspire and conclude among themselves, That not only the whole Royal Issue-Male of our said Sovereign Lord the King should be destroyed and rooted out; but that the Persons aforesaid, together with divers other false Traitors, traitorously with them to be assembled, should surprize the Persons of the most noble Ladies Elizabeth and Mary, Daughters of our said Sovereign Lord the King, and falsly and traitorously should proclaim the said Lady Elizabeth to be Queen of this Realm: And thereupon should publish a Proclamation in the name of the said Lady Elizabeth; wherein, as it was especially agreed by and between the said Conspirators, That no mention should be made at the first, of the alteration of Religion established within within this Realm of England; neither would the said false Traitors therein acknowledge themselves to be Authors, or Actors, or Devisers of the aforesaid most wicked and horrible Treasons, until they had got sufficient Power and Strength for the assured Execution and Accomplishment of their said Conspiracy and Treason; and that then they would avow and justify the said most wicked and horrible Treasons, as Actions that were in the number of those, Quae non laudantur, nisi peracta, which be not to be commended before they be done: but by the said feign'd and traitorous Proclamation they would publish, That all and singular Abuses and Grievances within this Realm of England, should, for satisfying of the People, be reform'd.

And that as well for the better concealing, as for the more effectual accomplishing of the said horrible Treasons, as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the traitorous Advice and Procurement of the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, traitorously did further conclude and agree, that as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, thereupon severally and traitorously should receive several corporal Oaths upon the holy Evangelists, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, That they the Treasons aforesaid would traitorously conceal and keep secret, and would not reveal them, directly or indirectly, by Words or Circumstances, nor ever would desist from the Execution and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, without the consent of some three of the aforesaid false Traitors first in that behalf traitorously had: And that thereupon as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christ. Wright, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously take the said several corporal Oaths severally, and did receive the Sacrament of the Eucharist aforesaid, by the Hands of the said Henry Garnet (50), John Gerrard (41), Oswald Tesmond (43), and other Jesuits.

And further, that the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35),Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright,Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the like traitorous Advice and Counsel of the said Henry Garnet (50), John Gerrard (41), Oswald Tesmond (43), and other Jesuits, for the more effectual compassing and final execution of the said Treasons, did traitorously among themselves conclude and agree to dig a certain Mine under the said House of Parliament, and there secretly, under the said House, to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder ; and that according to the said traitorous Conclusion, the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomes Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, afterwards secretly, not without great labour and difficulty, did dig and make the said Mine unto the midst of the Foundation of the Wall of the said House of Parliament, the said Foundation being of the thickness of three yards, with a traitorous Intent to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder in the Mine aforesaid, so as aforesaid traitorously to be made for the traitorous accomplishing of their traitorous Purposes aforesaid.

And that the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, finding and perceiving the said Work to be of great difficulty, by reason of the Hardness and thickness of the said Wall ; and understanding a certain Cellar under the said House of Parliament, and adjoining to a certain House of the said Thomas Percy, then to be letten to farm for a yearly Rent, the said Thomas Percy, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as of the said Robert Catesby, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did hire the Cellar aforesaid for a certain yearly Rent and Term: and then those Traitors did remove twenty Barrels full of Gunpowder out of the said House of the said Thomas Percy, and secretly and traitorously did bestow and place them in the Cellar aforesaid, under the said House of Parliament, for the traitorous effecting of the Treason, and traitorous Purposes aforesaid.

And that afterwards the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright traitorously did meet with Robert Winter (38), John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, Esquires; and traitorously did impart to the said Robert Winter (38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid ; and did require the said Robert Winter (38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, to join themselves as well with the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, in the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid; and traitorously to provide Horse, Armour, and other Necessaries, for the better Accomplishment and effecting of the said Treasons.

To which traitorous Motion and Request, the said Robert Winter (38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously yield their Assents, and as well with the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), Robert Winter (38), Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes (35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, in the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, traitorously did adhere and unite themselves: And thereupon several corporal Oaths, in form abovesaid, traitorously did take, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, by the hands of the said Jesuits did receive, to such intent and Purpose, as is aforesaid; and Horses, Armour, and other Necessaries for the better effecting of the said Treasons, according to their traitorous Assents aforesaid, traitorously did provide.

And that afterwards all the said false Traitors did traitorously provide, and bring into the Cellar aforesaid ten other Barrels full of Gunpowder, newly bought, fearing lest the former Gunpowder, so as aforesaid bestow'd and placed there, was become dankish; and the said several Quantities of: Gunpowder aforesaid, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be spy'd, secretly and traitorously did cover.

And that afterwards the said false Traitors traitorously provided, and brought into the Cellar aforesaid, four Hogsheads full of Gunpowder, and laid divers great Iron Bars and Stones upon the said four Hogsheads, and the aforesaid other Quantities of Gunpowder: And the said Quantities of Gunpowder, Bars, and Stones, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be espy'd, secretly and traitorously did likewise cover.

And that the said Guy Fawkes (35), afterwards, for a full and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, Robert Winter (38), Thomas Winter (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as of the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously had prepared, and had upon his Person Touchwood and Match, therewith traitorously to give fire to the several Barrels, Hogsheads, and Quantities of Gunpowder aforesaid, at the time appointed for the Execution of the said horrible Treasons.

And further, that after the said horrible Treasons were, by the great Favour and Mercy of God, in a wonderful manner discover'd, not many hours before it should have been executed, as well the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), Robert Winter (38), Thomas Winter (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did fly and withdraw themselves, to the intent traitorously to stir up and procure such Popish Persons, as they could, to join with them in actual, publick and open Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King; and to that end did publish divers feigned and false Rumours, that the Papists Throats should have been cut; and that thereupon divers Papists were in Arms, and in open, publick, and actual Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King, in divers Parts of this Realm of England.

On 27 Jan 1626 Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 (65) was created 1st Viscount St Alban.

In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (29), whilst in France, painted a portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 (14) who was attached to the English Embassy at the time.

On 27 Jan 1631 Johanna St John Baronetess St John Lydiard Tregoze 1631-1705 was christened.

On 27 Jan 1645 John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689 (30) was created 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby in Lincolnshire at Oxford, Oxfordshire by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (44). Anne Paulett Viscountess Ipswich -1694 by marriage Viscountess Ipswich.

Third Protectorate Parliament

From 27 Jan 1659 the Third Protectorate Parliament sat for one session until 22 Apr 1659.

On 27 Jan 1663 George Byng 1st Viscount Torrington 1663-1733 was born.

On 27 Jan 1670 Anne Clarges Duchess Albermarle 1619-1670 (50) died.

On 27 Jan 1681 Nicholas Leke 2nd Earl Scarsdale 1612-1681 (69) died. His son Robert Leke 3rd Earl Scarsdale 1654-1707 (26) succeeded as 3rd Earl Scarsdale.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan. 27 Jan 1685. I din'd at Lord Sunderland's (43), being invited to heare that celebrated voice of Mr. Pordage, newly come from Rome; his singing was after the Venetian recitative, as masterly as could be, and with an excellent voice both treble and basse; Dr. Walgrave accompanied it with his theorba lute, on which he perform'd beyond imagination, and is doubtlesse orie of the greatest masters in Europe on that charming in strument. Pordage is a priest, as Mr. Bernard Howard (44) told me in private. There was in the roome where we din'd, and in his bed-chamber, those incomparable pieces of Columbus, a Flagellation, the Grammar-schoole, the Venus and Adonis of Titian; and of Vandyke's that picture of the late E. of Digby (father of the Countess of Sunderland (39)), and Earle of Bedford (68), Sr Kenelm Digby, and two Ladys of incomparable performance; besides that of Moses and the burning bush of Bassano, and several other pieces of ye best masters. A marble head of M. Brutus, &c.
Sir William Estcourt. It was in a sudden quarrel, and there was doubt whether it was more than manslaughter : but he was advised' to plead guilty, and then had a pardon, for which he paid £l,600.

Around 1672 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (53). Postumous portrait of Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55)Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

On 27 Jan 1722 Benedict Swingate Calvert 1722-1788 was born illegitimately to Charles Calvert 5th Baron Baltimore 1699-1751 (22) and Petronilla Melusine Schulenburg Countess Chesterfield 1693-1778 (28). He a Grandson of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 27 Jan 1725 Mary Stawell Baroness Stawell 1725-1780 was born to Edward Stawell 4th Baron Stawell -1755.

Around 1715. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (56). Portrait of Edward Stawell 4th Baron Stawell -1755.

On 27 Jan 1726 Philip Stanhope 3rd Earl Chesterfield 1673-1726 (52) died. His son Philip Stanhope 4th Earl Chesterfield 1694-1773 (31) succeeded as 4th Earl Chesterfield.

On 27 Jan 1740 Louis Henri Bourbon-Condé Duke Bourbon 1692-1740 (47) died.

On 27 Jan 1768 Augusta Murray Duchess Sussex 1768-1830 was born to John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore 1730-1809 (38) and Charlotte Stewart Countess Dunmore -1818.

On 27 Jan 1773 Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex 1773-1843 was born to George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (34) and Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (28) at Buckingham House, Westminster.

On 27 Jan 1784 Amelia Darcy 12th Baroness Darcy Knayth, 9th Baroness Conyers 1754-1784 (29) died. Her son George William Frederick Osborne 6th Duke Leeds 1775-1838 (8) succeeded as 13th Baron Darcy Knayth, 10th Baron Conyers.

On 27 Jan 1794 Elizabeth Cuffe 1st Countess Longford 1719-1794 (74) died.

On 27 Jan 1795 Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster 1795-1869 was born to Robert Grosvenor 1st Marquess Westminster 1767-1845 (27) and Eleanor Egerton Marchioness Westminster 1752-1816 (42).

On 27 Jan 1803 Arthur Algernon Capell Capell 6th Earl Essex 1803-1892 was born to John Thomas Capell 1769-1819 (34) and Caroline Paget 1773-1847 (29).

In 1793 John Hoppner 1758-1810 (34).Titled 'Portrait of a Lady' when first exhibited. The sitter is Caroline Paget 1773-1847 (19).

On 27 Jan 1809 Margaret Bruce Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 1809-1809 was born to Charles Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 5th Earl Fitzwilliam 1786-1857 (22) and Mary Dundas 1787-1830 (21).

On 27 Jan 1818 John Hamilton 1st Marquess Abercorn 1756-1818 (61) died.

On 27 Jan 1824 Margaret Caroline Leveson-Gower Countess Carlisle -1824 died.

On 27 Jan 1825 Adelaide Horatia Seymour-Conway Countess Spencer 1825-1877 was born to Horace Beauchamp Seymour-Conway 1791-1851 (33) and Elizabeth Malet Palk.

On 27 Jan 1827 Edward Legge Bishop Oxford 1756-1827 (71) died.

On 27 Jan 1828 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 (77) died. His son William Pleydell-Bouverie 3rd Earl Radnor 1779-1869 (48) succeeded as 3rd Earl Radnor (2C 1765), 4th Viscount Folkestone, 4th Baron Longford. Judith St John-Mildmay Countess Radnor by marriage Countess Radnor (2C 1765).

On 27 Jan 1837 Nathaniel Curzon 2nd Baron Scarsdale 1752-1837 (84) died. His son Nathaniel Curzon 3rd Baron Scarsdale 1781-1856 (56) succeeded as 3rd Baron Scarsdale.

On 27 Jan 1859 Wilhelm Hohenzollern 1859-1941 was born to Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (27) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (18) at Crown Prince's Palace, Berlin. He a Grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.

On 27 Jan 1860 George Reresby Sitwell 4th Baronet Sitwell 1860-1943 was born to Sitwell Reresby Sitwell 3rd Baronet Sitwell 1820-1862 (40).

On 27 Jan 1862 Edmund Byng 6th Earl Strafford 1862-1951 was born to Francis Edmund Cecil Byng 5th Earl Strafford 1835-1918 (27) and Florence Louisa Miles 1840-1862 (22).

On 27 Jan 1867 Elizabeth Fortescue Countess Devon 1801-1867 (65) died.

On 27 Jan 1884 Osbert Mordaunt 11th Baronet Massingham Parva 1884-1934 was born to Charles Mordaunt 10th Baronet Massingham Parva 1836-1897 (47) and Mary Louisa Cholmondeley Baronetess Massingham Parva 1851-1947 (32).

On 27 Jan 1899 Montague Peregrine Bertie 11th Earl Lindsey 1815-1899 (83) died. His son Montague Peregrine Albemarle Bertie 12th Earl Lindsey 1861-1938 (37) succeeded as 12th Earl Lindsey.

27 Jan 1916. Times Newspaper Marriages.MARRIAGE OF LORD GRANBY
The marriage of the Marquess of Granby (29), only son of the Duke (63) and Duchess of Rutland (59), to Miss Kathleen Tennant (21), youngest daughter of Mr. (55) and Mrs. (52) Frank Tennant, of Innes House, took place yesterday at St. Margaret's, Westminster. There was a very large attendance, and a number of those present brought young children vith them.
The bride (21), who was given away by her father (55), wore a Venetian gown of white satin with a gold, brocade train four yards long and a short mantlet of old Venetian family lace; the sleeves were long and close-fitting, and she had a long white net veil with a wreath of orange blossoms. She carried a copy of the marriage service embroidered in seed pearl and coloured silks, worked by her mother after an old design in the British Museum.
Lady Diane Manners (24), who was one of the bridesmaids, designed thc bridesmaids' gowns in the medieval manner; they were of white chiffon belted in silver worn with flowing veils of blue tulle held bv silver bands. Each of the bridesmaids carried a tail branch of almond blossom; the others were Miss Elizabeth Asquith, Miss Mary Lyttelton, and Miss Violet Warrenrder. The Hon. Stephen Tennant (9), wlho wore a Romeo suit with a jewelleed belt, was the page. Captain Charles-Lindsay, Grenadier Guards, was best man. Canon Sheppard (35), Sub-Dean of the Chapels Royal, and the Rev. F. W. Knox, the Duke of Rutland's (63) chaplain, performed the ceremony.
SOME OF THE GOWNS. The Duke of Rutland (63) was among the first to come to the church, and most of the guests were there early. Thre Prime Minister arrived with Mr. and Mrs. Bonhlam-Carter, anld Mr. Balfour with a party which included Mr. and Mrs. William Balfour. The Duchess on Rutland (59) wore gold charmeuse with gold tissue in her hat and a rose pink velvet cloak bordered with fur. The Marchioness of Anglesey (32), in white box-cloth, brought her little daughter, Lady Carolinie Paget (2), in a little ermine coat and hat. Mrs. Asquith, who was with Mrs. Graham Smith, wore a black charmeuse gown made with a ruched cape and trimmed with chinchilla; her hat was black with emerald feathers.
Mrs. Tennant (52) wore black and white embroidered taffetas; Lady Robert Manners had a long muauve coat trimmed with skunk; and the Countess of Wemyss (53) was in black and white. Lady Tree had a pervenche panne long coat made tight-fitting and a plain black sailor hat. The Countess of Droghleda wore black and gold, Lady D'Abernon grey chinchilla furs with a black coat and skirt, and Lady Arthur Paget a musquash coat bordered with skunk. Mrs. Guy Charteris brought her baby, and the Hon. Mrs. George Keppel (45), in black and white, was accomapanied by her two daughters, and Mrs. McKenna by her two sons. Mrs. Hwfa Williams and Lady Randolph Churchill (who was with Mrs. Churchill) both were black velvet.
The Guests. Among those present were:
The Italian Ambassador, the Spanish Ambassador, the Duchess of Buccleuch (44), and Lady Margaret Scott, etc
A small reception was held after the ceremony at Lord and Lady Glenconner's house in Queen Anne's gate, and the bride (59) and bridegroom (29) subsequently left for Belvoir Castle, where the honeymoon vill be spent.

On 27 Jan 1916 John Henry Montagu Manners 9th Duke Rutland 1886-1940 (29) and Kathleen Tennant Duchess Rutland 1895-1989 (21) were married.

27 Jan 1916. Times Newspaper Obituaries. The death of Lady Ulrica Thynne took place on Wednesday at 30, Grosvenor-gardens. She was the second daughter of the 12th Duke of Somerset and was born in 1833. She married, in 1858, Lord Henry Frederick Thynne, second son of the third Marquess of Bath, who was Treasurer of the Household to Queen Victoria and for over 25 years M.P. for South Wilts. There were four sons and two daughters of the marriage. The funeral will be at Findon, near Worthing, on Monday, at 1 o'clock.

On 27 Jan 1937 Bernard Fitzalan 16th Duke Norfolk 1908-1975 (28) and Lavinia Mary Strutt Duchess Norfolk 1916-1995 (20) were married. Lavinia Mary Strutt Duchess Norfolk 1916-1995 (20) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483).

28 Jan 1937. Times Newspaper Marriages. THE DUKE OF NORFOLK AND MISS STRUTT
Princess Alice Countess of Athlone (53) and Major-General the Earl of Athlone (63), and Prince Arthur of Connaught (54) were present yesterday afternoon at the marriage at Brompton Oratory of the Duke of Norfolk, Premier Peer and Hereditary Earl Marshal of England (28), and the Hon. Lavinia Mary Strutt (20), only daughter of Lord Belper (53) and the Countess of Rosebery (44).
Princess Alice (53) wore a mink coat over a dress of burgundy-red crepe, with a small red hat to match.
The Oratory was decorated with four large stands of flowers, placed at the chancel steps. They were in mixed shades of red and included amaryllis lilies, poinsettia, anthuriums, roses, carnations, and red leaves. While the guests were arriving the organist played Mendelssohn's Allegretto Fourth Sonata, Elgar's Allegro Maestoso from the First Sonata, and the prelude and fugue in E flat, and the organ choral "Mortify us by Thy Goodness" by J. S. Bach.
The bride (20) arrived with her father, Lord Belper (53), and was loudly cheered by the crowd outside the Oratory, who broke through the police cordon. She walked up the nave to Handel's March from the Occasional Oratorio, and was met by Father Talbot and Father John Cuddon. Miss Strutt (20) wore a classically simple dress of silver lame, cut on straight sheath lines with long tight sleeves and a high round roll collar. The skirt just touched the ground and was continued at the back to form a long square train. She wore a girdle of silver cord knotted in front. Her long veil of white tulle fell from a simple coronet of orange-blossom and green leaves, and she carried a sheaf of arum lilies. She was followed by six little pages-Robin Herbert, Timothy Hunloke, Bob McCreery, John Scrope, George Vivian-Smith, and Michael Watt; and by six bridesmaids-Lady Katharine (25) and Lady Winefride Howard (23) (sisters of the bridegroom), Lady Anne Bridgeman (23), the Hon. Pamela Digby (16), Miss Gillian Drummond, and Miss Nancy Malcolmnson. The bridegroom's (28) racing colours, pale blue and scarlet, were introduced into the dresses and suits of the attendants. The pages were in pale blue satin suits piped with scarlet, and the bridesmaids wore dresses of sky-blue corded crepe, with touches of scarlet at the waistline. They had high rounded necklines with long bell sleeves and their headdresses of red bavardia were massed in front. They carried bouquets of red flowers, including tulips, amaryllis lilies, carnations, and euphorbia. The bridegroom gave them brooches showing his and his bride's initials in rubies and diamonds. The Earl of Eldon (37) was best man.
The marriage service was very short and non-choral, as the bride (20) is not a Roman Catholic. After they had plighted their troth Father Ronald Knox gave an address from the centre of the transept. The bride (20) and bridegroom (28) remained kneeling at the chancel steps, facing the altar. They then went in procession to the vestry, where the registrar, Mr. J. P. Bond, conducted the civil ceremony.
Afterwards the bride (20) and bridegroom (28) left for 38, Berkeley Square (the residence of the Earl of Rosebery (55)), where the Countess of Rosebery (44) held a reception. The bride (20) went away for the honeymoon in a dress of black and red shot silk taffeta, under a broadtail coat with a fur cap to match.
Among those present at the Oratory were:
The Earl (55) and Countess of Rosebery (44).
The Duchess of Norfolk (60),
Lady Rachel Howard (32).
Lady Belper,
the Hon. Alexander (24) and the Hon. Michael Strutt (23), the Hon. Mrs. Parry-Evans. Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcolmsonson, Lord and Lady Aberdare, the Hon. Margaret Strutt, the Hon. Mrs. Frank Hormsby, etc.