On this Day in History ... 28 January


814 Death of Charlemagne

1069 Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria

1457 Birth of King Henry VII

1547 Death of Henry VIII

1685 Popish Plot

1813 Publication of Pride and Predjudice

Death of Charlemagne

On 28 Jan 814 Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor 742-814 (71) died. His son Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840 (36) succeeded as King Franks.

Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria

On 28 Jan 1069 Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria was burned to death in Durham, County Durham when a rebel army set fire to the house in which he was staying. All his men were killed. In retaliation William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) commenced the Harrying of the North.

On 28 Jan 1256 William Gerulfing II Count Holland 1227-1256 (28) died.

On 28 Jan 1271 Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271 (23) died.

On 28 Jan 1284 Alexander Dunkeld Prince Scotland 1264-1284 (20) died at Lindores Abbey, Newburgh. He was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

On 28 Jan 1312 Joan Capet Queen Consort Navarre 1312-1349 was born to Louis X King France 1289-1316 (22) and Margaret Burgundy Queen Consort France 1290-1315 (22).

On 28 Jan 1382 Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 was born to Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43) and Margaret Ferrers Countess Warwick at Salwarpe, Worcestershire.

On 28 Jan 1405 Philip "Good" Valois-Burgundy III Duke Burgundy 1396-1467 (8) and Michelle Valois Duchess Burgundy 1395-1422 (10) were married (he was her second-cousin).

On 28 Jan 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Birth of King Henry VII

On 28 Jan 1457 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was born to the late Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) at Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire. He a 3 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 28 Jan 1479 Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Navarre 1426-1479 (52) was crowned as Queen Consort Navarre.

On 28 Jan 1487 Bishop Robert Morton 1435-1497 (52) was consecrated Bishop Worcester. He was the last Bishop Worcester before the Reformation.

On 28 Jan 1489 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (63) was created 1st Marquess Berkeley. Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley -1497 by marriage Marchioness Berkeley.

On 28 Jan 1501 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (68) died at Lambeth, Surrey. He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London.

Death of Henry VIII

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace. His son Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) succeeded as VI King England and Ireland: Tudor.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

On 28 Jan 1571 Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (54) died at Benington, Hertfordshire. Her second-cousin once-removed Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (29) succeeded as 8th Baron Bourchier. Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (27) by marriage Baroness Bourchier.

On 28 Jan 1596 Francis Drake 1540-1596 (56) died.

In 1591 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (44) painted a portrait of Francis Drake 1540-1596 (51).

In 1581 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Francis Drake 1540-1596 (41).

On 28 Jan 1611 John Talbot 1545-1611 (66) died.

On 28 Jan 1613 Rachael Fane Countess Bath, Count Eu, Countess Middlesex 1613- was born to Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (32) and Mary Mildmay Countess Westmoreland 1582-1640 (31).

On 28 Jan 1621 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire 1579-1622 (41) was created 1st Earl Berkshire (1C 1621), 1st Viscount Thame. Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 (56) by marriage Countess Berkshire (1C 1621).

On 28 Jan 1622 Richard Verney 19th Baron Latimer, 11th Baron Willoughby Broke 1622-1711 was born to Greville Verney 15th Baron Latimer, 7th Baron Willoughby Broke 1586-1642 (36) and Catherine Southwell Baroness Latimer, Baroness Willoughby Broke 1593-1657 (29).

On 28 Jan 1659 Samuel Barnardiston 2nd Baronet Brightwell 1659-1709 was born to Nathaniel Barnardiston 1619-1680 (40).

On 28 Jan 1678 Philip "Infamous Earl" Herbert 7th Earl Pembroke, 4th Earl Montgomery 1652-1683 (26) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan. 28 Jan 1685. I was invited to my Lord Arundel of Wardour (52), (now newly released of his 6 yeares confinement in ye Tower on suspicion of the Plot call'd Oates's Plot), where after dinner the same Mr. Pordage entertain'd us with his voice, that excellent and stupendous artist Sign' Jo. Baptist playing to it on the harpsichord. My daughter Mary (20) being with us, she also sung to the greate satisfaction of both the masters, and a world of people of quality present. She (20) did so also at my Lord Rochester's (42) the evening following, where we had the French Boy so fam'd for his singing, and indeede he had a delicate voice, and had ben well taught. I also heard Mrs. Packer (daughter to my old friend) sing before his Ma* and the Duke, privately, that stupendous basse Gosling accompanying her, but hers was so loud as tooke away much of the sweetnesse. Certainly never woman had a stronger or better eare, could she possibly have govern'd it. She would do rarely in a large church among the nunns.

On 28 Jan 1704 Louis Lorraine 1704-1711 was born to Leopold Lorraine Duke Lorraine 1679-1729 (24) and Élisabeth Charlotte Bourbon Duchess Lorraine 1676-1744 (27). He a 3 x Great Grandson of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

Around 1700.Pierre Gobert 1662-1744 (38). Portrait of Élisabeth Charlotte Bourbon Duchess Lorraine 1676-1744 (23).

On 28 Jan 1712 Thomas Coventry 3rd Earl Coventry 1702-1712 (9) died at Eton College, Eton, Windsor, Berkshire. His brother Gilbert Coventry 4th Earl Coventry 1702-1719 (10) succeeded as 4th Earl Coventry, 7th Baron Coventry.

On 28 Jan 1714 Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Chesterfield 1634-1714 (80) died. He was buried at Shelford, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire. His son Philip Stanhope 3rd Earl Chesterfield 1673-1726 (40) succeeded as 3rd Earl Chesterfield.

On 28 Jan 1723 James Stuart 2nd Earl Bute 1695-1723 (27) died. His son John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute 1713-1792 (9) succeeded as 3rd Earl Bute. Mary Wortley-Montagu Countess Bute 1718-1794 (4) by marriage Countess Bute.

On 28 Jan 1737 John Philipps 4th Baronet Philips 1666-1737 was buried in St Mary's Church, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire.

On 28 Jan 1768 Frederick VI King Denmark and Norway 1768-1839 was born to Christian VII King Denmark and Norway 1749-1808 (18) and Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1751-1775 (16). He a Great Grandson of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 28 Jan 1775 Charlotte Susan Maria Campbell 1775-1861 was born to John Campbell 5th Duke Argyll 1723-1806 (51) and Elizabeth Gunning Countess Argyll 1733-1790 (41).

Around 1740 Gavin Hamilton 1723-1798 (17). Portrait of John Campbell 5th Duke Argyll 1723-1806 (16).

Around 1740 Gavin Hamilton 1723-1798 (17). Portrait of Elizabeth Gunning Countess Argyll 1733-1790 (6).

On 28 Jan 1776 William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor 1725-1776 (50) died. His son Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 (25) succeeded as 2nd Earl Radnor (2C 1765), 3rd Viscount Folkestone, 3nd Baron Longford.

On 28 Jan 1800 John Stuart 1st Marquess Bute 1744-1814 (55) and Frances Coutts Marchioness Bute were married. Frances Coutts Marchioness Bute by marriage Marchioness Bute.

On 28 Jan 1801 Frederick Compton Cavendish 1801-1802 was born to George Augustus Henry Cavendish 1st Earl Burlington 1754-1834 (46) and Elizabeth Compton Countess Burlington 1760-1835 (40).

Publication of Pride and Predjudice

On 28 Jan 1813 Jane Austen's (37) novel Pride and Predjudice was first published by Thomas Egerton Publisher of Whitehall.

On 28 Jan 1823 Mary Matilda Georgiana Howard Baroness Taunton 1823-1892 was born to George Howard 6th Earl Carlisle 1773-1848 (49) and Georgiana Cavendish Countess Carlisle 1783-1858 (39).

On 28 Jan 1829 William Duncombe 1st Earl Feversham 1829-1915 was born to William Duncombe 2nd Baron Feversham Duncombe Park 1798-1867 (31) and Louisa Stewart Baroness Feversham Duncombe Park 1804-1889 (25).

On 28 Jan 1833 George Granville Leveson-Gower 1st Duke Sutherland 1758-1833 (75) was created 1st Duke Sutherland. Elizabeth Gordon Duchess Sutherland 1765-1839 (67) by marriage Duchess Sutherland.

On 28 Jan 1837 Thomas Reynolds-Moreton 1st Earl Ducie 1776-1840 (60) was created 1st Earl Ducie.

On 28 Jan 1837 Richard Grosvenor 1st Baron Stalbridge 1837-1912 was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster 1795-1869 (42) and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster 1797-1891 (40).

On 28 Jan 1838 Edward Cavendish 1838-1891 was born to William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire 1808-1891 (29) and Blanche Georgiana Howard Duchess Devonshire 1812-1840 (26) at Marylebone, Westminster.

On 28 Jan 1842 William Harry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland 1766-1842 (75) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Staindrop, County Durham. His son Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland 1788-1864 (54) succeeded as 2nd Duke Cleveland (2C 1833), 3rd Earl Darlington, 3rd Viscount Barnard, 6th Baron Barnard. Sophia Poulett Duchess Cleveland 1785-1859 (56) by marriage Duchess Cleveland (2C 1833). Monument to William Harry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland 1766-1842 (75) in St Mary's Church, Staindrop, County Durham. Sculpted by Richard Westmacott 1775-1856 (66).

On 28 Jan 1842 William Barrington 1842-1922 was born to William Keppel Barrington 6th Viscount Barrington 1793-1867 (48) and Jane Elizabeth Liddell Viscountess Barrington 1804-1883 (37).

On 28 Jan 1859 Frederick John Robinson 1st Earl Ripon 1782-1859 (76) died. His son George Frederick Samuel Robinson 1st Marquess Ripon 1827-1909 (31) succeeded as 2nd Earl Ripon.

On 28 Jan 1860 Dudley North 6th Earl Guilford 1829-1860 (30) died. His son Dudley Francis North 7th Earl Guilford 1851-1885 (8) succeeded as 7th Earl Guilford, 13th Baron North, 9th Baron Guildford.

On 28 Jan 1864 Harriet Somerville Countess Erroll -1864 died.

On 28 Jan 1872 Emma Sophie Edgecumbe Countess Brownlow 1791-1872 (80) died.

On 28 Jan 1876 Jane Paget Marchioness Conyngham 1798-1876 (77) died.

On 28 Jan 1880 John George Brabazon Ponsonby 5th Earl Bessborough 1809-1880 (70) died. His brother Frederick George Brabazon Ponsonby 6th Earl Bessborough 1815-1895 (64) succeeded as 6th Earl Bessborough.

On 28 Jan 1880 Alfonso Sanz y Martínez de Arizala Bourbon 1880-1970 was born illegitimately to Alfonso XII King Spain 1857-1885 (22) and Elena Armanda Sanz at Madrid.

On 28 Jan 1928 Lionel Sackville-West 3rd Baron Sackville 1867-1928 (60) died.

28 Jan 1937. Times Newspaper Marriages. THE DUKE OF NORFOLK AND MISS STRUTT
Princess Alice Countess of Athlone (53) and Major-General the Earl of Athlone (63), and Prince Arthur of Connaught (54) were present yesterday afternoon at the marriage at Brompton Oratory of the Duke of Norfolk, Premier Peer and Hereditary Earl Marshal of England (28), and the Hon. Lavinia Mary Strutt (20), only daughter of Lord Belper (53) and the Countess of Rosebery (44).
Princess Alice (53) wore a mink coat over a dress of burgundy-red crepe, with a small red hat to match.
The Oratory was decorated with four large stands of flowers, placed at the chancel steps. They were in mixed shades of red and included amaryllis lilies, poinsettia, anthuriums, roses, carnations, and red leaves. While the guests were arriving the organist played Mendelssohn's Allegretto Fourth Sonata, Elgar's Allegro Maestoso from the First Sonata, and the prelude and fugue in E flat, and the organ choral "Mortify us by Thy Goodness" by J. S. Bach.
The bride (20) arrived with her father, Lord Belper (53), and was loudly cheered by the crowd outside the Oratory, who broke through the police cordon. She walked up the nave to Handel's March from the Occasional Oratorio, and was met by Father Talbot and Father John Cuddon. Miss Strutt (20) wore a classically simple dress of silver lame, cut on straight sheath lines with long tight sleeves and a high round roll collar. The skirt just touched the ground and was continued at the back to form a long square train. She wore a girdle of silver cord knotted in front. Her long veil of white tulle fell from a simple coronet of orange-blossom and green leaves, and she carried a sheaf of arum lilies. She was followed by six little pages-Robin Herbert, Timothy Hunloke, Bob McCreery, John Scrope, George Vivian-Smith, and Michael Watt; and by six bridesmaids-Lady Katharine (25) and Lady Winefride Howard (23) (sisters of the bridegroom), Lady Anne Bridgeman (23), the Hon. Pamela Digby (16), Miss Gillian Drummond, and Miss Nancy Malcolmnson. The bridegroom's (28) racing colours, pale blue and scarlet, were introduced into the dresses and suits of the attendants. The pages were in pale blue satin suits piped with scarlet, and the bridesmaids wore dresses of sky-blue corded crepe, with touches of scarlet at the waistline. They had high rounded necklines with long bell sleeves and their headdresses of red bavardia were massed in front. They carried bouquets of red flowers, including tulips, amaryllis lilies, carnations, and euphorbia. The bridegroom gave them brooches showing his and his bride's initials in rubies and diamonds. The Earl of Eldon (37) was best man.
The marriage service was very short and non-choral, as the bride (20) is not a Roman Catholic. After they had plighted their troth Father Ronald Knox gave an address from the centre of the transept. The bride (20) and bridegroom (28) remained kneeling at the chancel steps, facing the altar. They then went in procession to the vestry, where the registrar, Mr. J. P. Bond, conducted the civil ceremony.
Afterwards the bride (20) and bridegroom (28) left for 38, Berkeley Square (the residence of the Earl of Rosebery (55)), where the Countess of Rosebery (44) held a reception. The bride (20) went away for the honeymoon in a dress of black and red shot silk taffeta, under a broadtail coat with a fur cap to match.
Among those present at the Oratory were:
The Earl (55) and Countess of Rosebery (44).
The Duchess of Norfolk (60),
Lady Rachel Howard (32).
Lady Belper,
the Hon. Alexander (24) and the Hon. Michael Strutt (23), the Hon. Mrs. Parry-Evans. Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcolmsonson, Lord and Lady Aberdare, the Hon. Margaret Strutt, the Hon. Mrs. Frank Hormsby, etc.