On this Day in History ... 28 January
On 28 Jan 814 Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor 742-814 (71) died. His son Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840 (36) succeeded as King Franks.
On 28 Jan 1069 Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria was burned to death in Durham, County Durham when a rebel army set fire to the house in which he was staying. All his men were killed. In retaliation William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) commenced the Harrying of the North.
On 28 Jan 1256 William Gerulfing II Count Holland 1227-1256 (28) died.
On 28 Jan 1271 Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271 (23) died.
On 28 Jan 1284 Alexander Dunkeld Prince Scotland 1264-1284 (20) died at Lindores Abbey, Newburgh. He was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.
On 28 Jan 1312 Joan Capet Queen Consort Navarre 1312-1349 was born to Louis X King France 1289-1316 (22) and Margaret Burgundy Queen Consort France 1290-1315 (22).
On 28 Jan 1405 Philip "Good" Valois-Burgundy III Duke Burgundy 1396-1467 (8) and Michelle Valois Duchess Burgundy 1395-1422 (10) were married (he was her second-cousin).
On 28 Jan 1457 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was born to the late Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) at Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire. He a 3 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England.
On 28 Jan 1489 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (63) was created 1st Marquess Berkeley. Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley -1497 by marriage Marchioness Berkeley.
On 28 Jan 1501 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (68) died at Lambeth, Surrey. He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London.
On 28 Jan 1571 Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (54) died at Benington, Hertfordshire. Her second-cousin once-removed Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (29) succeeded as 8th Baron Bourchier. Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (27) by marriage Baroness Bourchier.
On 28 Jan 1596 Francis Drake 1540-1596 (56) died.
On 28 Jan 1621 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire 1579-1622 (41) was created 1st Earl Berkshire (1C 1621), 1st Viscount Thame. Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 (56) by marriage Countess Berkshire (1C 1621).
On 28 Jan 1622 Richard Verney 19th Baron Latimer, 11th Baron Willoughby Broke 1622-1711 was born to Greville Verney 15th Baron Latimer, 7th Baron Willoughby Broke 1586-1642 (36) and Catherine Southwell Baroness Latimer, Baroness Willoughby Broke 1593-1657 (29).
On 28 Jan 1659 Samuel Barnardiston 2nd Baronet Brightwell 1659-1709 was born to Nathaniel Barnardiston 1619-1680 (40).
John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jan. 28 Jan 1685. I was invited to my Lord Arundel of Wardour (52), (now newly released of his 6 yeares confinement in ye Tower on suspicion of the Plot call'd Oates's Plot), where after dinner the same Mr. Pordage entertain'd us with his voice, that excellent and stupendous artist Sign' Jo. Baptist playing to it on the harpsichord. My daughter Mary (20) being with us, she also sung to the greate satisfaction of both the masters, and a world of people of quality present. She (20) did so also at my Lord Rochester's (42) the evening following, where we had the French Boy so fam'd for his singing, and indeede he had a delicate voice, and had ben well taught. I also heard Mrs. Packer (daughter to my old friend) sing before his Ma* and the Duke, privately, that stupendous basse Gosling accompanying her, but hers was so loud as tooke away much of the sweetnesse. Certainly never woman had a stronger or better eare, could she possibly have govern'd it. She would do rarely in a large church among the nunns.
On 28 Jan 1704 Louis Lorraine 1704-1711 was born to Leopold Lorraine Duke Lorraine 1679-1729 (24) and Élisabeth Charlotte Bourbon Duchess Lorraine 1676-1744 (27). He a 3 x Great Grandson of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.
On 28 Jan 1712 Thomas Coventry 3rd Earl Coventry 1702-1712 (9) died at Eton College, Eton, Windsor, Berkshire. His brother Gilbert Coventry 4th Earl Coventry 1702-1719 (10) succeeded as 4th Earl Coventry, 7th Baron Coventry.
On 28 Jan 1714 Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Chesterfield 1634-1714 (80) died. He was buried at Shelford, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire. His son Philip Stanhope 3rd Earl Chesterfield 1673-1726 (40) succeeded as 3rd Earl Chesterfield.
On 28 Jan 1723 James Stuart 2nd Earl Bute 1695-1723 (27) died. His son John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute 1713-1792 (9) succeeded as 3rd Earl Bute. Mary Wortley-Montagu Countess Bute 1718-1794 (4) by marriage Countess Bute.
On 28 Jan 1768 Frederick VI King Denmark and Norway 1768-1839 was born to Christian VII King Denmark and Norway 1749-1808 (18) and Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway 1751-1775 (16). He a Great Grandson of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.
On 28 Jan 1775 Charlotte Susan Maria Campbell 1775-1861 was born to John Campbell 5th Duke Argyll 1723-1806 (51) and Elizabeth Gunning Countess Argyll 1733-1790 (41).
On 28 Jan 1776 William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor 1725-1776 (50) died. His son Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 (25) succeeded as 2nd Earl Radnor (2C 1765), 3rd Viscount Folkestone, 3nd Baron Longford.
Publication of Pride and Predjudice
On 28 Jan 1813 Jane Austen's (37) novel Pride and Predjudice was first published by Thomas Egerton Publisher of Whitehall.
On 28 Jan 1829 William Duncombe 1st Earl Feversham 1829-1915 was born to William Duncombe 2nd Baron Feversham Duncombe Park 1798-1867 (31) and Louisa Stewart Baroness Feversham Duncombe Park 1804-1889 (25).
On 28 Jan 1833 George Granville Leveson-Gower 1st Duke Sutherland 1758-1833 (75) was created 1st Duke Sutherland. Elizabeth Gordon Duchess Sutherland 1765-1839 (67) by marriage Duchess Sutherland.
On 28 Jan 1837 Richard Grosvenor 1st Baron Stalbridge 1837-1912 was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster 1795-1869 (42) and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster 1797-1891 (40).
On 28 Jan 1842 William Harry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland 1766-1842 (75) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Staindrop, County Durham. His son Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland 1788-1864 (54) succeeded as 2nd Duke Cleveland (2C 1833), 3rd Earl Darlington, 3rd Viscount Barnard, 6th Baron Barnard. Sophia Poulett Duchess Cleveland 1785-1859 (56) by marriage Duchess Cleveland (2C 1833). Monument to William Harry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland 1766-1842 (75) in St Mary's Church, Staindrop, County Durham. Sculpted by Richard Westmacott 1775-1856 (66).
On 28 Jan 1842 William Barrington 1842-1922 was born to William Keppel Barrington 6th Viscount Barrington 1793-1867 (48) and Jane Elizabeth Liddell Viscountess Barrington 1804-1883 (37).
On 28 Jan 1864 Harriet Somerville Countess Erroll -1864 died.
On 28 Jan 1880 John George Brabazon Ponsonby 5th Earl Bessborough 1809-1880 (70) died. His brother Frederick George Brabazon Ponsonby 6th Earl Bessborough 1815-1895 (64) succeeded as 6th Earl Bessborough.
On 28 Jan 1880 Alfonso Sanz y Martínez de Arizala Bourbon 1880-1970 was born illegitimately to Alfonso XII King Spain 1857-1885 (22) and Elena Armanda Sanz at Madrid.
28 Jan 1937. Times Newspaper Marriages. THE DUKE OF NORFOLK AND MISS STRUTT
Princess Alice Countess of Athlone (53) and Major-General the Earl of Athlone (63), and Prince Arthur of Connaught (54) were present yesterday afternoon at the marriage at Brompton Oratory of the Duke of Norfolk, Premier Peer and Hereditary Earl Marshal of England (28), and the Hon. Lavinia Mary Strutt (20), only daughter of Lord Belper (53) and the Countess of Rosebery (44).
Princess Alice (53) wore a mink coat over a dress of burgundy-red crepe, with a small red hat to match.
The Oratory was decorated with four large stands of flowers, placed at the chancel steps. They were in mixed shades of red and included amaryllis lilies, poinsettia, anthuriums, roses, carnations, and red leaves. While the guests were arriving the organist played Mendelssohn's Allegretto Fourth Sonata, Elgar's Allegro Maestoso from the First Sonata, and the prelude and fugue in E flat, and the organ choral "Mortify us by Thy Goodness" by J. S. Bach.
The bride (20) arrived with her father, Lord Belper (53), and was loudly cheered by the crowd outside the Oratory, who broke through the police cordon. She walked up the nave to Handel's March from the Occasional Oratorio, and was met by Father Talbot and Father John Cuddon. Miss Strutt (20) wore a classically simple dress of silver lame, cut on straight sheath lines with long tight sleeves and a high round roll collar. The skirt just touched the ground and was continued at the back to form a long square train. She wore a girdle of silver cord knotted in front. Her long veil of white tulle fell from a simple coronet of orange-blossom and green leaves, and she carried a sheaf of arum lilies. She was followed by six little pages-Robin Herbert, Timothy Hunloke, Bob McCreery, John Scrope, George Vivian-Smith, and Michael Watt; and by six bridesmaids-Lady Katharine (25) and Lady Winefride Howard (23) (sisters of the bridegroom), Lady Anne Bridgeman (23), the Hon. Pamela Digby (16), Miss Gillian Drummond, and Miss Nancy Malcolmnson. The bridegroom's (28) racing colours, pale blue and scarlet, were introduced into the dresses and suits of the attendants. The pages were in pale blue satin suits piped with scarlet, and the bridesmaids wore dresses of sky-blue corded crepe, with touches of scarlet at the waistline. They had high rounded necklines with long bell sleeves and their headdresses of red bavardia were massed in front. They carried bouquets of red flowers, including tulips, amaryllis lilies, carnations, and euphorbia. The bridegroom gave them brooches showing his and his bride's initials in rubies and diamonds. The Earl of Eldon (37) was best man.
The marriage service was very short and non-choral, as the bride (20) is not a Roman Catholic. After they had plighted their troth Father Ronald Knox gave an address from the centre of the transept. The bride (20) and bridegroom (28) remained kneeling at the chancel steps, facing the altar. They then went in procession to the vestry, where the registrar, Mr. J. P. Bond, conducted the civil ceremony.
Afterwards the bride (20) and bridegroom (28) left for 38, Berkeley Square (the residence of the Earl of Rosebery (55)), where the Countess of Rosebery (44) held a reception. The bride (20) went away for the honeymoon in a dress of black and red shot silk taffeta, under a broadtail coat with a fur cap to match.
Among those present at the Oratory were:
The Earl (55) and Countess of Rosebery (44).
The Duchess of Norfolk (60),
Lady Rachel Howard (32).
the Hon. Alexander (24) and the Hon. Michael Strutt (23), the Hon. Mrs. Parry-Evans. Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcolmsonson, Lord and Lady Aberdare, the Hon. Margaret Strutt, the Hon. Mrs. Frank Hormsby, etc.