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1050-1099 Norman Invasion

Christmas Court

In 1052 during his Christmas Court Edward "ConFessor" King England 1003-1066 (49) ordered the killing of Rhys ap Rhydderch - 1052 in reprisal for his raiding of England.The chronicle of Florence of Worcester recorded a bit more information, stating that Rhys was killed at "Bulendun", which may be Bullen's Bank near Clyro in Radnorshire.

On 05 Jan 1053 the head of Rhys ap Rhydderch - 1052 was brought before Edward "ConFessor" King England 1003-1066 (50).

Battle of Lille

In 1054 Lambert Flanders II Count Lens -1054 (38) died at Lille during the Battle of Lille when fighting for Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067 (41).

In 1054 Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067 (41) fought against Henry "Black, Pious" Salian III Holy Roman Emperor 1017-1056 (36) at the Battle of Lille after Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067 (41) had seized Cambrai.

Battle of Varaville

In 1057 at Varaville William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (29) defeated the army of Henry I King France 1008-1060 (48) and Geoffrey "Martel aka Hammer" Ingelger II Count Anjou -1060 during the Battle of Varaville. Henry and Geoffrey's army were fording the Dives River when the tide came in; only half of the army had crossed. William seized the opportunity and attacked.

Ealdred Appointed Archbishop York

On 25 Dec 1060 Ealdred Unknown Archbishop York -1069 was appointed Archbishop York.

Battle of Graus

08 May 1063. The Battle of Graus was part of the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsular.
Ramiro Sánchez I King Aragon 1007-1063 (56) was killed in battle.

Consecration of Westminster Abbey

On 28 Dec 1065 the Westminster Abbey that preceded the current building, known as St Peter's Abbey, was consecrated. Edward "ConFessor" King England 1003-1066 (62) was too ill to attend (he died eight days later).

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Death of Edward the ConFessor

On 05 Jan 1066 Edward "ConFessor" King England 1003-1066 (63) died. He was buried the same day at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Harold Crowned King

On 06 Jan 1066 Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) was crowned II King England Wessex probably Westminster Abbey. Harold quick to be crowned the day after the death and burial of Edward the ConFessor. He had chosen himself.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Council of Lillebonne

After 05 Jan 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 convened the Council of Lillebonne at Lillebonne to raise support for his claim to the English throne. The attendees are not known but likely to have included his companions at the subsequent Battle of Hastings including Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094 and Odo Mortain Bishop Bayeux -1097.

Battle of Fulford

On 20 Sep 1066 Harald III King Norway 1015-1066 (51), with Tostig Godwinson 1026-1066 (40), defeated the brothers Eadwine Mercia -1071 and Morcar Mercia -1087 at the Battle of Fulford at Fulford, York.

1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge

On 25 Sep 1066 Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44), supported by the brothers Eadwine Mercia -1071 and Morcar Mercia -1087, defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Stamford Bridge at Stamford Bridge, East Riding. Harald III King Norway 1015-1066 (51) and Tostig Godwinson 1026-1066 (40) were killed.

Battle of Hastings

After 05 Jan 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 convened the Council of Lillebonne at Lillebonne to raise support for his claim to the English throne. The attendees are not known but likely to have included his companions at the subsequent Battle of Hastings including Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094 and Odo Mortain Bishop Bayeux -1097.

On 14 Oct 1066 the Norman army led by William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) defeated the English army of Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) at the Battle of Hastings fought at Senlac Hill, Hastings, East Sussex. Aimery Thouars 1024-1094 (42), Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (24), Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087 (51), William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071 (46), Geoffrey Chateaudun II Count Mortain, III Count Perche -1100, William Warenne 1st Earl Surrey -1088, Raoul Tosny -1102, Robert Beaumont 1st Earl Leicester, Count Meulan 1040-1118 (26), Hugh Grandesmil 1032-1098 (34), Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094 (possibly), Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090 (35) and Odo Mortain Bishop Bayeux -1097 fought for William.
The brothers Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44), Gyrth Godwinson Earl East Anglia 1032- (34) and Leofwine Godwinson 2nd Earl Kent 1035- (31), and Engenulphe Aigle 1010-1066 (56) were killed.

Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

On 25 Dec 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) was crowned I King England: Norman at Westminster Abbey by Ealdred Unknown Archbishop York -1069.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria

On 28 Jan 1069 Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria -1069 was burned to death in Durham when a rebel army set fire to the house in which he was staying. All his men were killed. In retaliation William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) commenced the Harrying of the North.

Between Nov 1069 and Mar 1070 the Harrying of the North was the near destruction of Lancashire, Yorkshire, County Durham, Northumberland, Westmoreland and Cumberland by William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) in response to a rebel army having killed his man Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria. Somewhat difficult to estimate its effect historians believe around 100,000 people were killed and sixty percent of property destroyed. William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) then replaced the nobilty with his own men to ensure future compliance.

Harrying of the North

On 28 Jan 1069 Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria -1069 was burned to death in Durham when a rebel army set fire to the house in which he was staying. All his men were killed. In retaliation William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) commenced the Harrying of the North.

Between Nov 1069 and Mar 1070 the Harrying of the North was the near destruction of Lancashire, Yorkshire, County Durham, Northumberland, Westmoreland and Cumberland by William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) in response to a rebel army having killed his man Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria. Somewhat difficult to estimate its effect historians believe around 100,000 people were killed and sixty percent of property destroyed. William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) then replaced the nobilty with his own men to ensure future compliance.

Battle of Mechain

In 1069 at the Battle of Mechain fought in Radnorshire, Welsh March the brothers Maredudd Cadelling -1069 and Idwal Cadelling -1069 attempted to regain control of Radnorshire, Welsh March from brothers Bleddyn ap Cynfyn King Gwynedd, King Powys -1073 and Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn Mathrafal -1069. Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn Mathrafal -1069 and Idwal Cadelling -1069 were killed. Maredudd Cadelling -1069 died of exposure following the battle.

Battle of Cassel

On 22 Feb 1071 Baldwin Flanders II Count Hainault 1056-1102 (15) succeeded II Count Hainault.

On 22 Feb 1071 Roger de Breteuil Fitzosbern 2nd Earl Hereford -1087 succeeded 2nd Earl Hereford (1C 1043).

On 22 Feb 1071 Robert "The Frisian" Flanders I Count Flanders 1033-1093 (38) was appointed I Count Flanders.

On 22 Feb 1071 Battle of Cassel was fought between uncle Robert "The Frisian" Flanders I Count Flanders 1033-1093 (38) and nephew Arnulf Flanders III Count Flanders 1055-1071 (16), supported by his mother Richilde Countess Hainault Count Flanders, Count Hainault and Philip "Amorous" I King France 1052-1108 (18), over the succession of Flanders. Arnulf Flanders III Count Flanders 1055-1071 (16) and William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071 (51) were killed. Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087 (56), his son Eustace Flanders III Count Boulogne -1125, and Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouillon 1060-1100 (10) fought for Robert. During the battle Robert "The Frisian" Flanders I Count Flanders 1033-1093 (38) and Richilde Countess Hainault Count Flanders, Count Hainault were captured, and subsequently exchanged for each other.

Sancho "Strong" Crowned King Leon

On 12 Jan 1072 Sancho "Strong" II King Leon, II King Castile 1037-1072 (35) was crowned II King Leon.

Revolt of the Earls

In 1075 Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (33) forfeit his Earldom and his lands.

In 1075 three Earls joined in rebellion against William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (47).The three Earls were: Roger de Breteuil Fitzosbern 2nd Earl Hereford -1087, Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (33) and Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076.The ostensible cause of their rebellion was William's (47) refusal to allows the marriage of Emma Fitzosbern Countess East Anglia, daughter of William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071 and Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (33).The marriage went ahead without William's permission.
Roger de Breteuil Fitzosbern 2nd Earl Hereford -1087 forfeit his Earldom and was sentenced to life imprisonment.

On 31 May 1076 Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076 was beheaded at St Gile's Hill, Winchester. His Daughter Maud Northumbria 3rd Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northampton succeeded 3rd Earl Huntingdon (1C 1065).

Christening of Edith (Matilda) of Scotland

Around 1080 Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 was christened at Dunfermline. Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 (29) was godfather, Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (49) godmother. .

Battle of Mynydd Carn

In 1081 the Battle of Mynydd Carn was fought between the armies of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137 (26) and Rhys ap Tewdwr King Deheubarth 1064-1093 (16), and the army of Caradog ap Gruffydd Prince of Gwent -1081 and Trahaearn ap Caradog 1035-1081 (46) as part of a dynastic struggle for control of the Welsh kingdoms of Gwynedd and Deheubarth. The result of the battle had a radical effect on the history of Wales.
Caradog ap Gruffydd Prince of Gwent -1081, Meilir ap Rhiwallon 1035-1081 (46) and Trahaearn ap Caradog 1035-1081 (46) were killed.

In 1081 Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137 (26) and Rhys ap Tewdwr King Deheubarth 1064-1093 (16) met at St David's at which they agreed to combine forces.

King William "The Conqueror" Dies King William II Succeeds

On 09 Sep 1087 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (59) died at the Priory of St Gervaise, Rouen. He was buried at Abbaye-aux-Hommes, Caen, Calvados, Basse Normandie at a ceremony presided over by Gilbert Arques Bishop Evreux. King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (19) attended. His Son William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 (31) succeeded II King England: Norman. His Son Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 (36) succeeded III Duke Normandy. Marguerite Maine Countess Essex 1045-1063 by marriage Countess Essex (1C 1139).

Battle of Brecon

On Apr 1093 Rhys ap Tewdwr King Deheubarth 1064-1093 (28) was killed by Bernard de NeufMaré at Brecon during the Battle of Brecon.

First Crusade

In 1096 Ivo Grandesmil 1086-1102 (9) joined during the First Crusade.