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1175-1189 Abergavenny Massacre

Abergavenny Massacre

Around 25 Dec 1175, Christmas, William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211 (31) invited the local Welsh nobles to his Christmas court at Abergavenny Castle, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales as an act of reconciliation. Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 and his elder son Geoffrey Gwent -1175 were murdered. William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211 (31) and his men then rode to Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 's home.There his younger son Cadwalladr Gwent 1168-1175 (7) was murdered and his wife captured.

Battle of Alnwick

On 11 Jul 1174 a small army commanded by Ranulf Glanville 1112-1190 (62) with Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester 1147-1181 (27) surprised William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31) 's army in a dawn raid known as the Battle of Alnwick near Alnwick. William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31) was captured and imprisoned initially in Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne. He was subsequently moved to the more remote, and secure, Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

Treaty of Falaise

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31), imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (41) was overlord of Scotland.

Death of Ferdinand II King Leon

On 22 Jan 1188 Ferdinand II King Leon 1137-1188 (51) died. His Son Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230 (16) succeeded IX King Leon.

Death of Henry II

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present. He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. His heart was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen. His Son Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard I

On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown.The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population.Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend.When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Richard I Appoints his Bishops

On 15 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (32) held a Council meeting at Pipewell, Corby at which he appointed a number of Bishops:
William Longchamp Bishop Ely -1197 was elected Bishop Ely
Godfrey Lucy Bishop Winchester -1204 was elected Bishop Winchester
Richard Fitzneal Bishop London 1130-1198 (59) was elected Bishop London
Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was elected Bishop Salisbury.

New Bishops Consecrated

On 22 Oct 1189 two of Richard's new Bishops were consecrated ...
Godfrey Lucy Bishop Winchester -1204 was consecrated Bishop Winchester
Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was consecrated Bishop Salisbury.

New Bishops Consecrated

On 31 Dec 1189 two of Richard I's new bishops were consecrated ...
William Longchamp Bishop Ely -1197 was consecrated Bishop Ely.
Richard Fitzneal Bishop London 1130-1198 (59) was consecrated Bishop London.